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42:30 And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands

have earned.


And He pardons much.

The Cause of Misfortune is Sin


Allah says,


...


And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned.
means, `whatever disasters happen to you, O mankind, are because of sins that you have
committed in the past.'


...
And He pardons much.
means, of sins;
`He does not punish you for them, rather He forgives you.'







And if Allah were to punish men for that which they earned, He would not leave a moving
creature on the surface of the earth. (35:45)
According to a Sahih Hadith:









By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, no believer is stricken with fatigue, exhaustion,
worry or grief, but Allah will forgive him for some of his sins thereby -- even a thorn which
pricks him.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Mu`awiyah bin Abi Sufyan, may Allah be pleased with him,
said,
"I heard the Messenger of Allah say:



No physical harm befalls a believer, but Allah will expiate for some of his sins because of it.''
Imam Ahmad also recorded that `A'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said,
"The Messenger of Allah said:




If a person commits many sins and has nothing that will expiate for them, Allah will test him
with some grief that will expiate for them.''








And you cannot escape from Allah in the earth, and besides Allah you have neither any
protector nor any helper.






4:79 Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah, but whatever of evil befalls you,
is from yourself.





And We have sent you as a Messenger to mankind, and Allah is sufficient as a
Witness.

...



Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allah,
meaning, of Allah's bounty, favor, kindness and mercy.

...


...
But whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself,
meaning because of you and due to your actions. Similarly, Allah said,




And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And
He pardons much. (42:30)
As-Suddi, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Ibn Jurayj and Ibn Zayd said that,
means,


( from yourself)

because of your errors.


Qatadah said that,


( From yourself) means,

as punishment for you, O son of Adam, because of your sins.


Allah said,

...
...

And We have sent you as a Messenger to mankind,
so that you convey to them Allah's commandments, what He likes and is pleased with, and
what He dislikes and refuses.



...
and Allah is sufficient as a Witness.
that He has sent you. He is also Witness over you and them, having full knowledge in what
you convey to them and the disbelief and rebellion with which they respond to the truth.