DEVC 11 Exercise 1 December 1, 2008 Name: Paola Ysabel A.

Salonga Topic: Malunggay Ice Cream Type of Source Primary Source Rummel, D. J. (2005). Useful Plants of the Philippines, Vol. 1 A Scientific Guide to Modern Botanical Medicine. Quezon City, Philippines: C & E Publishing, Inc. • • Notes Malunggay can be grown in any kind of soil and in any climate provided that it is well-drained. “Mature Malunggay cuttings of 2 cm or more in diameter and not less than 80 cm in length are preferred, because they sprout earlier, and grow much faster.” (pg. 285) The only pests known to attack Malunggay is called Mites (Tetranychus spp.) It is recommended to use organic, non-toxic insecticides for the plant is mainly used for nutritive or cosmetic purposes. All parts of the Malunggay tree can be used. The consumption of Malunggay stimulates hair growth, Heals wounds and ulcers, Facilitates menstruation, Increases lactation (galactagogue), For constipation and as a laxative; Leaves can be eaten as vegetable. The leaves that taste best are those leaves that are young to medium tender. The tree is often used as fence material in the Philippines. Malunggay leaves are very rich in calcium, iron and phosphorus. The young fruit show that they are high in protein and phosphorus, a fair source of calcium and iron, as well. Malunggay roots are used for seasoning. When used as a poultice, malunggay leaves can be used to reduce glandular swellings. The leaves are said to have purgative properties and they are also


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Primary

Quisimbing, Dr. Eduardo (1978). Medicinal Plants of the Philippines. Quezon City, Philippines: JMC Press Inc.

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Primary

Science Education Center, University of the Philippines. Plants of the Philippines. (1980). Philippines: M & L Licudine Enterprises.

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recommended to be eaten when a person suffers gonorrhea on account of their diuretic action. Propagation of Malunggay is by seeds and stem cutting. Malunggay can grow in all kinds of well-drained soils because it is drought resistance. The oil from Malunggay seeds is known as the ben oil and is used as an illuminant, an ointment base and an absorbent in the enfleurage process of extracting volatile oils from flowers. Malunggay was chosen to be the main ingredient in the Agri-Cook fest 2007 for its affordability and nutrition. Prevalence of malnutrition in the countryside made a noodle company eye on Malunggay for the biofortification of noodles to comply and support the campaign against malnutrition. Malunggay tea bags are wildly sold for malunggay’s health benefits. Moringa is a vitamin rich vegetable; contains protein, iron and potassium. It also contains anti-oxidants that reduces activity of free radicals which causes cell-death. Moringa’s exploitation is a part of Department of Agriculture’s campaign to combat poverty, malnutrition and other health disorders. The results of the sensory evaluation among 20 people to test the acceptability of MaluSoy (Malunggay and Soybean) Ice Cream showed that there is no significant difference in terms of taste, color, odor, and texture compared to the standard ice cream. Chemical analyses between MaluSoy Ice Cream and the standard ice cream proved that the Malunggay-Soymilk Ice Cream contains more nutrients that the latter.

Secondary

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Aquino, PhD., M. U., (2007, October).BAR Chronicle. Nutritious malunggay-based recipe wins 2007 Agri-Cookfest. (Vol. 8, Issue 10). Dela Cruz, R. T. (2007, October). BAR Chronicle. Food Company Eyes the Potential Probem of Malunggay for Biofortification. (Vol. 8, Issue 10). Nagpala, E. G. (2007). BAR Chronicle. Beverage from Malunggay. . (Vol. 8, Issue 10).

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Primary

Diaz, G. C., Lo, R. R., & Ramilo R. C. (2007). Identifying the Nutritive Value of Malunggay (Moringa oleifera) – Soybean (Glycine max) Ice Cream. (Unpublished Undergraduate Research). Santa Cruz, Laguna

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Benaning, M. N. (2008, June). Ilocana food technologist makes malunggay recipes spacer. Retrieved December 4, 2008, from http://www.mb.com.ph/issues/2 008/06/04/MAIN200806041264 75.html. Abilgos, R.G. (1996). Utilization of malunggay (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves in rice (Oryza sativa L.) flat noodle production. College, Laguna: Retrieved November 28, 2008, from Agris Repository database.

Moringa is said to be nature’s medicine cabinet in the tropical parts of the world. Malunggay is renowned as an excellent source of nutrition and acts as a natural energy booster, as well. Moringa has a well-documented detoxifying effect that makes you feel relaxed; giving you back energy you thought was lost. University laboratories have studies Moringa’s ability to purify water. “Moringa preparations have been cited in the scientific literature as having antibiotic, antitrypanosomal, hypotensive, antipasmodic, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolemic, and hypoglycemic activities, as well as having considerable efficacy in water purification by flocculation, sedimentation, antibiosis and even reduction of Schistosome cercariae titer. Dr. Lorma Valera, a food technologist from Ilocos Region is crafting dishes put of Malunggay which she says would help children who are deficient in iron, Vitamin A and other nutrients and reduce the rate of malnutrition among millions of mothers.

Primary

Chemical analyses indicated an increase in nutrients of flat noodles with 5% malunggay leaves substitute, among others. A significant increase in the level of Calcium, iron and Beta carotene when the level of malunggay leaves substitution was increased from 5 percent to 15 percent. These results indicate the strong antiinflammatory activities of the crude ethanol extract and the hexane fraction. On the other hand, the ethylacetate fraction caused a 267 percent increase in inflammation and exhibited toxicity results from the

Primary

Guevara, A.P. Vargas, C. Uy, M. (1996). Anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities of seed extracts of malunggay, Moringa oleifera L. (Moringaceae). Retrieved November 28, 2008, from Agris Repository database.

chronological steps conducted, identified a great anti-inflammatory works of the crude ethanol extract and the hexane fraction. Primary Bernardo, G.Q. & Oliver, N. (2000). Antiseptic and healing properties of indigenous plants. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from Agris Repository database. • The findings showed that plants that were used in experiment which includes malunggay reduced the degree of welling and redness of wounds. Malunggay also prevented the formation of pus. Malunggay leaf ranked the highest CP content of 28.80% among all the other plants that are used in the experiment.

Primary

Atega, T.A., Robles, A.Y., Alinea, C.D., et al. Nutritive value of leaf meals from fodder trees and shrubs as affected by drying methods. (2003). Retrieved November 28, 2008, from Agris Repository database. Arzadon, C.M., Herrera, A.A. & Pagulayan, R.C. Effects of crude leaf extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. on the development of Radix quadrasi (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). (2002). Retrieved November 28, 2008, from Agris Repository database. Arjaeuse. (2007, October). Malunggay Leaves. Retrieved Dec 3, 2008, from http://allbestofphilippines.blogsp ot.com/2007/10/malunggayleaves.html.

Primary

There are anti-mutagenic properties in Moringa oleifera Lam. (malunggay)

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Malunggay in the Philippines is the counterpart of USA’s Apple. WHO promoted Malunggay for the past 20 years to help poor countries around the globe; a solution to malnutrition problem. “Despite its legendary potentials, malunggay is still relatively unknown.” As the author quotes Moringa Zinga, a company selling malunggay products, companies wouldn’t dare to sell a product that could wipe out all the other products for Malunggay is the sale of all forms of vitamins, minerals and health supplements. Malunggay fruits can lead to higher semen count. “Because of its nutritional content, malunggay strengthens the immune system, restores skin condition, controls blood pressure, relieves

• Secondary Malunggay. (n.d). Retrieved December 3, 2008, from Philippine Medicinal Plants Website: http://www.stuartxchange.org/M alunggay.html. • •

headaches and migraines, manages the sugar level thereby preventing diabetes, reduces inflammations and arthritis pains, restricts the growth of tumors, and heals ulcers. This information comes from Dr. Kumar Pati, an Indian doctor who is an expert in natural medicine.” Tender malunggay leaves also reduce phlegm. Malunggay is a source of amino acids, omega oils and antioxidants. Decoction of Malunggay leaves can be used for hiccups, asthma, gout, back pain, rheumatism, wounds and sores. It can ease constipation as well. It has been found that Malunggay is rich in Vit. C and A and high density lipoprotein or good cholesterol. It calcium content is 4 times the calcium in milk. “It also contains two times the protein in milk. Likewise, it contains 3 times the potassium in bananas and 4 times the vitamin A in carrots.” An ounce of malunggay has the same Vitamin C content as 7 oranges. “Other health benefits identified by people who use Moringa continue this same pattern: immune system strengthened, skin condition restored, blood pressure controlled, headaches and migraines handled, diabetes sugar level managed, inflammations and arthritis pains reduced, tumors restricted and ulcers healed.”

Primary

Pati. K. Malunggay for Nutrition and Health. (n.d). Retrieved December 4, 2008, from http://malunggay.com/descriptio n.htm.

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