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SOPRANO

rd""r-*
BOOK ONF

Hancls

Recorcter
by
Ceralcl ancl Sonya Burakoff
NOTF SEQUENCE IN THE METHOD BOOK:

On

O Copyright 19gS Sweet pipes Inc.

You ancl Your Recorcler


Look at your recorder. You will see:
MOUTHPIECE

o A mouthl thpiece
"window )w."

and a

r I

holes in fiont. Seven ho The two I o bottom holes can an be single or double ones. or
rle at the back. One hole

SACK

Your fingers are numbered like this for recorder playing:

LEFT HANO {1.H,)

RIGHT HANO {F.H.}

Notice how the recorder holes are numbered. Your fingers will cover the holes like this:

r
t $^ ^cd $'" ^*b

The left hand should


always be at the top of
the rec0rder.

o The first three holes and the thumb hole are covered i.r ith thc let't

$*t'
.^$o $d

hand fingers.

The right thumb is used to balance the recorder. covered with the right hand fingers.

r Holes 4. 5, 6. and 7 are

At The Beginning
1. 2.
Pick up the recorder with your right hand at the bottom and hold it in front of you.
Cover the thumb hole with your lel't thLrmb as you continue to hold the recorder with your rrght hand. Remember: the left hand is always at the top. and the right hand is at the bottom when you play the recorder.
Cover the first hole at the top with the first finger of your left hand. Keep the leli thurnb on the thumb hole

Y,,

3.

4.
PICTL]RE
I

Correct Hand Position

Open your right hand and balance the recorder on your right thumb, which should be directly behind the fifth hole.

5.

Look at Picture l. Your other fingers should now be held slightly above (but not touching) the holes which are not being covered. Look at Picture 2. Place the mouthpiece of the recorder between your lips and in front of your teeth. Now close your mouth gently around the mouthpiece. Remernber: your teeth and tongue should never touch the rnouthpiece. Now make a silent "daah" sound (called tonguing), and exhale gently into the recorder. The pitch you are playing is named B.
Play B se veral times and remember to tongue each pitch and play softly.
PICTURE 2

6.

7.

8.

Correct Mouth Placement

MODEL: LAUREN BURAKOFF

Aquarternote

J}

gets 1 beat.

9. )

Play the pitch B for each quarter note:

J)

) ) )J)

A quarter rest { } } gets 1 beat of silence.

10.

Play the pitch B for each quarter note. and keep silent for each quarter rest:

ll)lll) ,)a'aaao
In 4 beats in each measure. The bottom number (4) gets 1 beat. tells that a quarter note (

meter the top number (4) tells that there are

i)

1. llay

this pattern using the pitch B:

4 tl ) JtJ ) 4aa

I ltJ ) ) itJ J ) lll

Gettlng Aquainted With Musical Symbols


DOUBLE BAR LINE

The Staff has 5 lines and 4 sPaces.

The double bar line means that you have come to the end of a section or piece of music.

BAR LINE

G CLEF

Bar lines are the vertical (up-and-downi lines on the staff

'

The G Clef is written at the beginning of the staff , and circles the second line. lt shows thar this line is named

MEASURE

METER SIGNATURE

A measure is the space between two bar lines.

The meter {time} signature has two numbers. The top number tells how many beats are in each measure. The bottom number tells what kind of note gets one beat.

A breath mark (r) tells you to take a


.Y

breath (inhale) before going to the next

Clap the rhythm of each pattern befure you play

it.

Remember to play softly and tongue gently

A half note (J ) lasts 2 times as long as a quarter note (J ) and gets 2 beats. A half rest (*) gets 2 beats of silence.

* go to next line

Your teeth and tongue should never touch the mouthpiece.

CD:I

Pierrot

French Words by SB

lng

moon

stands

at

Ask

lng

fbr

Ask

lng

for

Merrily We Roll Along


Traditional

long,

long;

Lullaby

Welsh

sleep,

sleep,
l-r

{:'

sleep,

fear,

to

sleep,

dear.

use the "cushions" (pads) ofyour fingers to cover the recorder hores.

F
E

[cDA l6 beatsl
I
ta

On The Yangtze

Chinese

Words by SB

l-l Yang
E,

nv
Q:

wide

I.

Ing.

rno

ward

the

sea.

lf the first measure of a piece does not have the tolal number of beats shown by the lop number of the meter signature, and does not begin on the first beat, it is called an incomplete measure.

The beats needed to make the measure complete are found in the last measure of the piece.

When The Train Comes Along


American

l4
When '.r): train

long, I will

meet

you at the

sta - tion, When

the train

comes

a-

Iong.

Use the pitches you have learned to improvise a 2-measure introduction to No. 13.

Adottedhalf note(J.)lasts3timesaslongasaquarternote(J)andgets3beats. Adotafteranote


gets half the value of that noie and makes it longer.

Forexample:J . =3
2+1

Mother f,arth
t5
Moth
Earth. home
UI

\atiie

American lndian
Words by GS

all

crea

tures.

land
d

and

Moon

af

Ier

l'ltoon.

oh

rxay

be

wrth

thee

A repeat sign ( .N ) means that you go back to the beginning and play the music again. The repeat signs {$. .l ) mean that you must repeal the music that is written between the
double dotted bar lines.

3 l6 beats I

TcD'
,f

I
]

Village Drums

African
Words by GS

l6
Lis
From
the

chil - dren.

jun

gle

to to

the
ahe

drum -ming,

vil - lage,

stead hunt ,

y
ers

the a -

sound.

bound.

Bring - ing food

for
v

young
days

and
and

Af - ter

man

old, nights,

feast

hunt

rng ers

rs

n9ar.

ap

pear

Talk -

ing

drums

are

sound -

ing

and

the

mes - sage

ls

clear.

Your right thumb should be directly behind the fifth hole to balance the recorder. slightly above the holes.

Keep your other fingers

A tie (J,,J ) is a curved line which connects notes of the same pitch. They are played as one note.

and held for the total value of the connected notes.

Westminster Chimes
,--_-.----'___f-_
_-'.-.---l

__

number (4) tells that a quarter note (J ) gets 1 beat.

ln f, meter the top number (3) tells that there are 3 beais in each measure.

The bottom

Cajun Stew
l8
a

Creole Words bv GS

i. You
2.

Cat

5-. fish

rhe are

fish
plen

ing ti

pole,

l'll
craw -

get dads

the
are

ful,

We'll meet Mom says

down
she

riv - r, and needs them to

please

be

make

Ca

jun

To play lorv notes, tongue gently, blow very softly, and cover the holes completely

A whole note (o ) lasts 4 times as long as a quarter note (J ) and gets 4 beats. A whole rest (-) gets 4 beats of silence.

l-cDr

Lfl"":
Recorder

I
l

Nicholas folly Old Saint (Duet)


Christrnas Song

2A
Rccorder

ffi
a
A
.Y

@
a)
A

Rec.

Rcc.

Rec.

a)

A
I]

-,-

Rec.

a
A
Rec. 2

A duet is a piece written for two performers. One performer plays or sings the first patt, and the other performer
plays or sings the second part. Leam both duet parts.

+i-\\ F-A
^ a \\
a)

Corn Song
ll L'
Plant Tend

Native Arncrican Indian Words by GS

lng ing

"t!l

low tlent

c0rn. li,.

pa

Maize up as the

0n
sea

the son

tre lds"

yields.

Sun

bor e.

earlh

low.

ish

rip ened

grain.

Frorn the

ground

stalks ap -

pear.

strong tiorn

mer

rarn

Corn.
Dance.

corn,
sing,

source of

life,
praise

har - vest

tirne
har

of - fer

for

this

is vest

here, year.

meter the top number (2) tells lhat there are 2 beats in each measure. The bottorn number (4) tells lhat a quarter note {rl) gets 1 beat. In

flowers

French

Words by SB

nl

ter

win -

ter's

cold

winds

blow

\\jhen noving from B to C, make sure the first finger comes up exactly as the second finger cornes down.

CD:

beat-s

May Day

Genrran

Words by GS

square.

Ger

rnan

bands

played

crowd

garh

ered

May
Day.

won

der

ful

sight

be

hold

Da Capo (D.C.) - from the beginning al Fine - to lhe end D.C. al Fine - go back to the beginning of the piece and play to the measure marked Fine.

I
/.+

ii;":*
,,

i
In

Kayak

Ricle
pad -

*".0, oj,t'J
Fine

oul

and

round-a-boui,

we

dle o'er

the

lake

un

der.

what

won - der,

with

each stroke we

take.

Kay

ride,

smooth -

ly

glide,

like

cloud

up

ln

the

sky.

D.C. alFine

Gent ly

flow, with

as we

go,

crys

tal

ters

run

ning

by

Rer.rrember to start each note

a silent "daah" sound, called tonguing.

l5

__a__ \A \\ -*

Ta)

V
Arnencan

lTt'rl | beats
I
25 Go
8 repeated
8
I I

Go Tell Aunt Rhoclie

tell

Aun{

die,

Go

tell

Aunt

Rho

rlie

rt)

tell

Aunt

die

Her

old gray goose

l5

rol fcn 13 beats

I
)A

Li:!""19
,i

When The Saints Go Marching In


Arnerrcan

Oh, when the

salnts

go

march - ing

In.

oh, when

lhe

sal

nts

march

lng

wSnl

in

that

num

ber,

when

the

saints

rnarch

lng

Create a percussion accompaniment for No. 26.

In a

round the same melody is played or sung by iwo or more people starting at different times.

Sancly McNab
27
There
was

Traditional Round

t low named

[?l r-'

Sand

Mc

Nab.

Who
T;-1
tJl

Oats, Peas, Ancl Beans

Amencan

Oats.

beans

peas,

beans

and

bar

grow?

Your tongue and your fingers should move at exactly the same time.

17

ln f, meter the top number (5) tells that there are 5 beats in each measure. The bottom
number {4) tells that a quarter note (J ) gets 1 beat.

Bluebircl

Fly, blue bird, fly

Win - ter

is

nigh.

Soon

ice will lrceze

bush - es and trees

Fly, bluc bird. lly

On lilt - ed wing

Find your new home.

I I

ciln
lJ

beats
I

Sleep, Baby, Sleep

Cennan Words by SB

)
30
Sleep. by. sleep.

You

sleep

ln

slurn

ber

deep.

\\' i rh

Inoon and

stars

bove your head,

And

Moth -

er

watch - ing

by

Slee p.

by,

sleep

Sleep.

by,

sleep.

Hiking

German Words by GS

Corrre

gath

er

your

back - pack.

1{

tlme

"To

con

quer

the

moun

- taln.

hik -

er

must

climb!"

MORE RECORDER FUN: You can now play more music in a book called DUET TIME, BK.
The duet is on page 2, and titled

couNTRY DANCE.

l.

(SP2309)

eighth note (.0 ) lasts hall as long as 1 quarter note (J ). 2 eighth notes t.D.D or J? ; are equal to 1 quarter note (J ). 't eighth rest (7 )gets one half beat of silence.
1

CD: l2
I

6 beats

Old MacDonald
Mac - Don - ald
had

American

Old

farm,

tr-

And

on

his

he

had

some ducks.

c,tr

r^

I,

With

quack. quckhere. and

quack,quackthere,

here a quack, there a quack. ev

-'ry-where a

quack- quack.

Old

Mac -Don

had

farm,

l.

Frog
aa JJ

Chinese

Each

frog

has

sin gle mouth.

He

has

t\&'o

eyes

and four

legs.

ptn

pong,

Count

me.

Dur - ing

time of

frogs

do

not drink.

Dur - ing

time of
)

peace

frogs

do

not drink

Wa

-ter li - lies float

Wa

-ter li - lies float

on

the

pond

Be sure to keep a steady beat.

t9

I
34

rct-l
8 beats
8
I

Kuma San

Japanese

Words by SB

Ku

Iit

bear,

Jump -

ing

off

ground,

Jump -

ing

here,

jump -

ing

there,

ing round and

round.

ing
d

high,

ing

low,

up

and

down

all

Ku

san,

lit

tle

bear,

must

outl

[cD;tl 7 beats
I
35
I

Turtle Dove
American

?1

See

does

--

mourn

for his

true

for

-Without raising your shoulders, keep your Iips on the mouthpiece as you breathe through the corners of your mouth

Common Time (C ) is the same a, *eter. There are 4 beats in each measure, and a ft quarter note (J) gets 1 beat.

Four In A Boat
36

American

Four in

boat

and the

four in a boat

and

the

tide

Four in a boal and the tide rolls hish.

Wait-ing

for a pret-ty girl to corne

by and by

Trampin'
,!

Alrican Arnerican Spiritual

JI

1-

t-rc--+-* ffi-_
I'rn
tramp
tlt i

tramp

in'.

Tryin'to make heav-en lny

home

tramp

in',

trarnp

Tryin'to make heav-en

my

hr:rne

Fishpole Song
38

Anrerican

.
Who's got a fish
- pole?

-4

We

do!

Who's got

fish - pole?

We

Who's

got a fish,pole?

Fish -

pole

needs

You can add body percussion such as clap, snap, pat, stamp to the music on this page.

ffi
'f
A sharp ({) placed before a note raises the pitch of that nole one half-step. The note stays
"sharped" through the measure.

A Gypsy Song
Deep in the for ,
est

there

is

glen,

Where gyp-sies

play on the

vi

) fires

Camp

burn.

danc -

ers

turn,

Whirl ing andtwirl - ing the

eve -

ning
JL

long.

the

breeze. mel o -

dies

ring

thru

the

night in a

gyp sy

song.

A sharp ($) placed on the fifth line at the beginning of each slaff, is called the key signature. It means that every F must be played as Ff .

On The Bridge Of Avignon


thenr go.

French

Words by SB

them danc - ing.

danc - ing,

See them

go,

and

lro.

on the bridge of

vr -

gnon. D.C. al Fine

Boys are mov - ing

this

way.

Girls

lng

that

way.

Arms and elbows should be slightly raised, and away from the body.

Canoe Song

Sweet Memories Of Home

Practice No. 42 slowly at first, and then gradually increase the tempo.

/-)

Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star


+J Twin
1a

Traditional

kle. twin - kle,

world so
IL

high,

Like

dia - mond

the

sky!

Twin - kle, twin - kle,

lit

tle

star,

How

won - der

what you

are

tcffil
| 8 beats
AA
I

Welcome The Spring

Israel i

Words by CS

)
+r+

Wel- come the spring,

Sing, chil-dren, sing,

Wel-come the

fruit of the seed once sown

sur - round_

us

with

the first

fruits

of

the spring.

little Donkey
45
See

Spanish

Words by SB

the

lit

tle

don

key,

Plod

ding

his

way,

Car

ry

lng

the

bun

dles

fair

to

day.

__--_-

MORE RECORDER FUN: Play FAIS DO-DO on page 6, in DUET TIME.

A dot after a note gets half ihe value of that note. 1 dotted quarter note and 1 eighth note together (J..D) get 2 beats.

; cDt

,
+f)

l6 beats

lrl
I

Aura Lee
American

the

black - bird

the spring,

- neath

the wil

lou,

Sat and piped,


I

heard

him

sing

in praise of

Au

Lee

Lcel

Au

ra

Au

ra

Leel

Maid of

gold

en

hair!

Sun - shine carne

long with

thee,

and

swal - lows in

the

3rr.

tcD' ro I I 12 beats
I

Arirang

Korean Words by SB

n - rang.

n - rang.

yo.

are walk - ing

now_ to-

go-

far

way.

fiiend,
you
are

a - lone.

ight

is

fall - ing

soft

ly-

on-

ri

- rang

These two lovely melodies should be played very smoothly and musically.

t5

The Whale
48

Old Whaling Song

'Trvas

in

eight

een

hun

dred ,

and

fi1'

three

And

of

teenth

day,

That our

gal

lant

ship

chor , weighed, And

lor

Green - land

bore

!vay. brave boys. And lor

Creen

bore* a -

way.

And

for

Green

- land

bore

\L'ay.

A termata

(n)

placed above a note means that the note is held a little longer than its usual count.

Amazing Grace
Earlv Arnerican

sound.

That

was

now-

am

_=-

found,

but

now

see.

Relax your lips andjaw and keep - your cheeks loose. Your shoulders should be down and relaxed.

to

Eskimo Hunt
E sx

\\ trrds l'.
50
I

r:no GS
q

It

was

ear -

Iy

Sens - ing

some - thing

mom fright'

lng, ning,

and with - out fas ter yet

warn
"D.,'

lng,

than

lioht - nino ",.br

Fine

ers

car

ap i

peared bou

at quick

the

first
ran

of
2

day. way"

ly

bou

were

on

the

Graz

rng

qul

ly

geth

rean that you must play from the beginning to the The 1st and 2nd ending signsl repeat sign ( .l ) in the 1st ending. Then go back to the beginning or to this sign ( il. ) and play the section again. This time you must skip the 1st ending and go directly to lhe 2nd ending.

1.--llZ

Bells fingle (Duet)


,
Recorder
I

Winter Song

5l
Recorder 2

dlll
A)l
d

ttt
a

iltf L

Ir.
Pcc
i

) )2.

a)

A)L
Rec. 2

.)

\,IORE RECORDER FUN: Play THE UPWARD TRAIL on pg. l

l, in DUET TIME

21

In syncopation the accenls move from the strong beats to ihe weak beats.

tir-l
] 8 beats
i

A|I Night, All Day


African American Spiritual

t
52

Ail

night,

all

day,

An

gelswatch-ing o - ver me. my

Lord.

Fine

night,

gelswatch-ing 0-ver

down to

sleep.

n - gels watch-ing o - ver me.

my

Lord"

D.C. al I:ine

Pray the Lord

mv

soul

to

keep,

An -

gels

walch-ing o - ver

t*l t |
I
24 beats repeated

Mafiana

Spanish

Words by GS

\ 53
Don'1

watl

long

gtn

song,

for

you

know
what
fla
na

will

bring,

Let's

{lno
5

dance.

won't

this

chance

-.

tner

ry

time

.--

slip

way.

Add percussion accompanirrents to help you keep a steady beat.

2ti

A staccato mark A tenuto mark 1.r

{;
|

I ) means to play notes short and separated from eacn o.i-er


; means to play notes for their fullest value.

Simile means to play in the same style as before.

reil.1 8 beats
I

My Dreycll
(Duet)

Hanukah Sone

Recorder

a
54

r-7
-hrJ

A)t
Recorder 2

r..r-.1-!

Rec. 2

Rec.

,n

a)
A )t
Rec. 2
\ll
.Y

l-Jt

r:::L-J

_._*h,l

lr-r||:rl-rl

l--T-F

Rec.

Rec. 2

IIORE RECORDER FUN: Play THE ROBIN on page 3, and WALTZ SONG on page f. in DUET TIME

29

El Charro
55
One
clay
d

Merican
Words by GS

stfang

- er

came

His

horse

was

gal - lant

ly

rid strid

ing ing

down thc as they -

T.-----l:
streets oi saun - tered
X

old

San

ta

Fe.

long

the

wav

"Where
r.I I

are

you

go

lng,

ml c0w

go?

am

stunt

rid

ing

boy

--

Won't in

you
the

lct
west
an

old
ro

know?"
(].

em

MaryAnn
West Indian Calypso

day.

Ann,

shore

sift

ing

sand.

dren

join

ln

the

band

Down

by

the

sea -

shore

sift ing

sand.

Add a percussion accompaniment to No. 56 using bongos, claves, and maracas

30

Fingering Chart For


English (or Baroque)
I
O open hole
-This fingering is for double hole recorders. Single hole recorders must be covered like this O

closed hole C partlyopen hole

Cf,. Db

od

eb

@ L.H. 1st @ L.H. 2nd @ L.H. 3rd @ R.H. 1st


R. Thumb for balance

@ R.H. 2nd @ R.H. 3rd

Dfr.Eb

) R.H. 4th

3t

Soprano Recorcler
and German Fingering
l-:l Use shaded fingering diagrams for German-fingered recorders,

Ffi .Gb

cf

nb

Af, .Bb

CT-Db

_o_ I t* +{-,h- {> t> =t*bo. rrrF$-Gb


L.J

fgbg
Cf,.
Db

-().

\JiI . AP

c{-at

Af -Bb

T\