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LTE Advanced

February 2011

The Biggest Platform in the History of Mankind

>5 BILLION WIRELESS SUBSCRIBERS

3G SUBSCRIPTIONS NOW

3G SUBSCRIPTIONS BY 2014

Note : 3G includes CDMA2000, WCDMA and TD-SCDMA


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Source: Wireless Intelligence estimates as of Nov.2 , 2010 for the quarter ending Sep 30, 2010; *number of unique wireless connections

LTE Has Strong Commitments


LTE MULTIMODE LAUNCHED

LAUNCHES

NETWORK COMMITMENTS

LTE TDD GAINING MOMENTUM

TRIALS

QUALCOMM MOBILITY FIELD TRIAL

GROWING DEVICE ECOSYSTEM

DEVICES

VENDORS

Source: www.gsacom.com, Jan 12 2011

Qualcomm is a Leader in Research, Standards and Chipsets


COMMITTED TO CONTINUED LTE EVOLUTION Standards Leadership
A Main contributor to key LTE Advanced features Major contributor for ITU IMTAdvanced submission

Industry First Demos


MWC 2011: Live Heterogeneous Network Demo

Industry First LTE/3G Multimode Chipsets


Commercial launch 4Q 2010

Demo at

MWC 2011

Screenshot from the HetNet demo, showing range expansion of Picocells, within one macrocell

LTE AdvancedThe Global 4G Solution


L T E
A d v a n c e d Realizes Full Benefits of Heterogeneous Networks

Higher Capacity & Enhanced User Experience


Range expansionbetter utilization of picocells, better macro offload

Software Upgrade to Optimize HetNets

Qualcomm: LTE Advanced Leadership


Over-the-Air prototype test bed, design and standards leadership

Heterogeneous Networks : macro network with added small cells like picocells and femtocells

Qualcomm is a Leader in 3G and 4G


2011 CDMA2000 1X 2012 2013 2014+

1X Advanced
SIMULTANEOUS 1X VOICE AND EV-DO DATA

Rev A

Multicarrier

H/W Upgrade

EV-DO

EV-DO
(Rev. B)
Rel-7 Rel-8 Rel-9

DO Advanced

Rel-10

Rel-11 & Beyond

HSPA

HSPA+
(Commercial)

HSPA+
(Future)

HSPA+ Advanced
Rel-10 Rel-11 & Beyond

Rel-8

Rel-9

LTE Leverages new, wider and unpaired spectrum


Commercial
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LTE

LTE
(Future)

LTE Advanced
Created 01/24/2011

Note: Estimated commercial dates.

Radio Link Improvement is Slowing, What Is Next?


Bring network closer to useradding small cells1and mitigate interference will provide next leap in performance
Evolved 3G
Advanced Receivers
(EV-DO Rev. B & HSPA+)

Radio Link approaching the theoretical limit

Evolved 3G with

Data optimized 3G
(EV-DO & HSPA)

Next Gen. Leap

LTE
(OFDMA)

Relative Capacity Multiples

3G
3G (IMT-2000): Voice & Data
(e.g. CDMA2000 1X & WCDMA)

Next Gen. Leap 2G

2G: Voice Capacity


(Digital e.g. GSM & IS-95)

Next Generation Leap

1G: Voice
(Analog e.g. AMPS)

1G

1Leveraging

heterogeneous network topology: macro network with added small cells like picocells and femtocells

LTE Advanced Brings Different Dimensions of ImprovementsMost Gain From HetNets


Leverage wider bandwidth
Carrier aggregation across multiple carriers and multiple bands

Primarily higher data rates


(bps)

Leverage more radio links, more antennas


Downlink MIMO up to 8x8, enhanced MU-MIMO and uplink MIMO up to 4x4

Higher spectral efficiency


(bps/Hz)

Leverage heterogeneous network topology


With advanced interference management (low power picocells with adaptive resource partitioning and advanced receiver based devices)

Higher spectral efficiency per coverage area


(bps/Hz/km2)

LTE Advanced Realizes Full Benefits of Heterogeneous Networks


ADAPTIVE INTERFERENCE MANAGEMENT APPLIED TO HETNETS
Macro provides wide coverage

Relay Nodes

Significantly Higher capacity


User Deployed Femtocells

Range expansionbetter utilization of small cells and better macro offload

Enhances user experience


Especially median and cell edge users
Operator Deployed Micro/Pico cells

Remote Radio heads

Ensures user fairness


Between users and between nodes

Network software upgrade

Advanced interference management techniques: advanced receivers (cancels overhead channels), enhanced time-domain adaptive resource partitioning with enhanced RRM and RLM. Heterogeneous Networks : macro network with added small cells like picocells and femtocells

HetNets with Adaptive Interference Management Meets Actual Network Load


Typically uneven load that changes with time and location

Adaptive Interference Management1

Heavy Load Medium Load Light Load

Picocells and femtocells added for capacity

Introduction of small cells requires interference management that adapts to load and topology changes Necessary for dense HetNets sharing same spectrum
Provides network load balancing
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1Advanced

adaptive interference management : enhanced time-domain adaptive resource partitioning with enhanced RRM/RLM and advanced receiver devices

LTE Advanced Increases Network Capacity, User Experience and Ensures Fairness

2.2X

LTE Advanced with range expansion

1.2X 1X
LTE R8 LTE R8

Picocell

Range Expansion
Better utilization of small cells

Picocell

Macro Only

Macro+ Picos

Macro+ Picos
Picocell

Median User
Downlink (similar uplink gain)

Ensures User Fairness


Between users and between nodes
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Assumptions: 4 Picos per Macro randomly dropped within macro coverage, see 3GPP R1-101509. Based methodology in TR 36.814: 10 MHz FDD, 2x2 MIMO, 25 users and 500m ISD . Advanced interference management : enhanced time-domain adaptive resource partitioning, advanced receiver devices with enhanced RRM and RLM

Ensures Ubiquitous Broadband Experience


EVEN WHEN SMALL CELLS CANNOT BE PLACED AT OPTIMAL LOCATION

78% 1.7X
LTE Advanced with range expansion LTE Advanced with range expansion Macro+ Picos

38% 22%
LTE R8
Macro Only

1X
LTE R8

1.05X
LTE R8

Macro Only

Macro+ Picos

Macro+ Picos

Macro+ Picos

LTE R8

Picocell

Picocell

Better Cell Edge


Downlink (similar uplink gain)
Picocell

More Users with >1 Mbps


Throughput

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Assumptions: 4 Picos per Macro randomly dropped within macro coverage, see 3GPP R1-101509. Based methodology in TR 36.814: 10 MHz FDD, 2x2 MIMO, 25 users and 500m ISD . Cell edge user is defined as 5 percentile user

Range Expansion Allows More Users to Benefit From Small Cells


SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER MACRO OFFLOAD
Percentage of users associated with picos For uniform, random user distribution

Range Expansion
enabled by:
LTE R8 Range Expansion

82%

1)Resource Partitioning 2) Advanced Receiver Devices 3) Enhanced RRM/RLM1

57%

37% 26% Small cell 12% 6% 2 4 10

Number of Picos per Macro cell


Assumptions: TR 36.814, Macro ISD=500m, 100 antenna downtilt 25 UEs per Macro cell, uniform random layout, 10 MHz FDD, 2x2 MIMO. 1Enhanced RRM and RLM to allow handover to weak cells, to maintain reliable link with weak cells, and to provide accurate feedback with resource partitioning

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Qualcomms LTE Advanced Test Bed


Evaluating the design and features to realize full benefits of heterogeneous networks
Advanced Interference Management in a co-channel deployment
Adaptive timedomain resource partitioning Advanced Receiver terminals Range expansion of pico cells

Enhanced Mobility
Forward handover

Over-The-Air
Enhanced mobility currently shown LTE Advanced features in March 2011

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Carrier Aggregation Enhances User Experience


Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz

LTE Carrier #3 LTE Carrier #1 LTE Carrier #4 LTE Carrier #2 LTE Carrier #5

Aggregated Data Pipe

Up to 100 MHz
LTE Multicarrier Device

eNodeB

Increased data rates and lower latencies for all users in the cell
Can more than double bursty application capacity

Data rates scale with bandwidthover 1 Gbps peak data rate


Aggregating 40 MHz to 100 MHz provide peak data rates of 300 Mbps to 750 Mbps1 (2x2 MIMO) and over 1 Gbps (4x4 MIMO)
1LTE R8 supports 4x4 MIMO, which enables 300 Mbps in 20 Mhz. Theoretically, LTE Advanced can support over 1Gbps peak data rates by aggregating at least 4 20 MHz carriers (up to100 MHz of spectrum) using 4x4 MIMO.

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Carrier Aggregation Leverages All Spectrum Assets


Aggregate spectrum within a band to create a fatter data pipe Aggregate across spectrum bands Aggregate more downlink capacity supplemental downlink (unpaired spectrum)
LTE Carrier #5

Aggregation within band E.g. 2.6 GHz

Supplemental Downlink E.g. 700MHz

10 MHz

10 MHz

LTE Carrier #4

Benefits heterogeneous networks

LTE Carrier #2

LTE Carrier LTE #3 Carrier #1

Aggregated Data Pipe

Pico Carrier 2
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Macro

Pico

Carrier 1

Example: Carrier 1 used for wide area macro coverage, but also by picocells, carrier 2 used by all nodes, but with lower power around macrocell

Qualcomm: Continued LTE Advanced Standards Leadership


A leading contributor for LTE performance definition in 20091 Leader in several key LTE standards areas2

A Main contributor to key LTE Advanced features


Carrier aggregation, self-organizing network, relay, waveform

Major contributor for ITU IMT-Advanced submission


First company to show results satisfying IMT-Advanced requirements3

LTE Heterogeneous network work item approved in Rel-10


Focus on co-channel heterogeneous network scenarios (March 2010)supported by 32 companies4 Proposed to include time-domain and power settings as baseline (July 2010) Target completion 1H 2011
Notes 1Based on pre-meeting contribution count for 3GPP RAN WG4 (in charge of performance requirements) . 2E.g. for femtocells and positioning across all working groups and areas . Examples of features such as Mobility, access control, local IP access, system definition, security . 3for single point transmission results, also showed that that Network-MIMO/CoMP techniques were not required to satisfy those requirements. 4Such as CMCC, DoCoMo, Orange, Verizon, AT&T, TIM, KDDI, Deutsche Telekom

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Common LTE FDD & TDD Chipset Platform


Modems & Data Cards Smartphones & Tablets

MDM 9200 MDM 9600


LTE
DC-HSPA+/DOrB EDGE LTE DC-HSPA+ EDGE

50+ designs by 25+ OEMs Commercial 4Q 2010 100 Mbps DL/50 Mbps UL

MSM 8960
LTE
DC-HSPA+/DOrB EDGE

Dual-Core CPU (28nm) Superior graphics & multimedia Integrated connectivity (WLAN, GPS,
Bluetooth, FM)

MSM8960 launches in 2012 Handset & tablet launches in 2011 based on (MDM9x00+MSM)

Industrys First LTE/3G Multimode Chipsets


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Qualcomm: LTE Advanced Leadership


LTE ADVANCED REALIZES FULL BENEFITS OF HETNETS

Significantly higher capacity Improves cell edge


(Range expansion)

Ensures user fairness Software upgrade

A Leading Contributor to LTE Advanced Standards

Spearheading Technology Design Efforts

State-of-the-Art LTE Advanced Test Bed

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Questions? Connect with Us www.qualcomm.com/technology @qualcomm_tech m.qualcomm.com/technology http://www.qualcomm.com/blog /contributors/prakash-sangam


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Additional Slides

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Adaptive Time-Domain Resource Partitioning


Adapts to topology, load and user distribution Mitigates interference
Time Domain Partitioning
a.k.a enhanced inter-cell interference coordination

Ensure fairness Flexible and adaptive partitioning options


Adaptive Partitioning Example
25% Semi static to macro and pico, 50% adaptive

Subframes reserved for macro

Blank subframes

Adaptive subframes, served by pico or macro

Macro DL Pico DL Time-Domain Resources

Macro DL Pico DL Subframes reserved for pico Time-Domain Resources

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LTE R8 provides limited interference management; primitive X2-basedadaptive resource partitioning utilizes modified X2. Frequency partitioning is the only option for asynchronous networks (Networks without GPS timing) 1Static and semi static allocation signaled to device. Enables flexible partitioning options, e.g. pico could also use reserved macro subframes (without benefits of range expansion)

Advanced Receiver Devices with Interference Cancellation Enables Full Range Expansion

Support for Legacy Devices1


Continue to transmit overhead channels in blank frames
Subframes reserved for macro

Legacy device
(LTE R8/9)

Macro DL Pico DL
Time-Domain Resources

Example with no pico reserved subframes

New device
(LTE R10)

Small cell

Range expansion for new devices


Subframes not used by macro reduces interference

Full Range Expansion2


1) Detects small cell in expanded range

2) Expands range by canceling overhead


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1Adding

overhead channels such as synch, broadcast and common reference signal to blank subframes to support legacy devices 2Device interference cancellation cancels overhead channels such as such as synch, broadcast and common reference signal(CRS) to enable full range expansion.

Frequency Partitioning Possible for HetNets with Abundant Spectrum


Macro and pico/femtos on different frequencies to avoid strong interference Reduced performance compared to time-domain partitioning1 Frequency Domain Partitioning

LTE R8

10 MHz Macro

10 MHz Pico /Femto

Helps to manage HetNet Interference:

LTE R10
(multicarrier)

10 MHz Macro

10 MHz

Pico /Femto

Pico Carrier 2
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Macro

Pico

Carrier 1

Example: Carrier 1 used for wide area macro coverage, but also by picocells, carrier 2 used by all nodes, but with lower power around macrocell

1A less granular and flexible optionbut does not require synchronized nodes

Relays Extend Coverage and Improve Capacity without Backhaul Expenses

1.8X
(Intelligent Node Association & Adaptive Resource Allocation)

1X

Adv. interference management

Relays use part of macro capacity as backhaul

Relay Node

Macro+ Relays

Macro+ Relays

Median User
Downlink Data Rates

Picocell

Range Expansion

Adaptive interference management further improves capacity and coverage


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Assumptions: Results from 3GPP R1-094230; Based on methodology in R1-084026 10 MHz FDD, 2x2 MIMO UE, 10 Layer 3 Relays per Macro cell, uniform random layout. Advanced interference management includes intelligent node association and adaptive resource allocation