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LAB # 3

AIR UNIVERSITY

INSTITUTE OF AVIONICS AND


AERONAUTICS (IAA)
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL &
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
Course: ML-325 Mechanics of Machines
Lab Faculty: ENGINEER ABID
HASSAN,IAA

LAB REPORT#02
Class :

BE ME-V, Section _B_

Submission Due Date: 1-10- 2012


Submitted by on Date: 1-10-2012

Submitted By: MUHAMMAD UMAR

IQTIDAR

Reg #100688

M UMAR IQTIDAR

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LAB # 3

Lab # 03
Objective:
To plot the displacement profile of cam and follower mechanism using various
cams and followers
Apparatus:

Cam & Follower Apparatus


Tangent, Arc and Asymmetric Cams
Dial Gauge

Procedure:
1) First of all check the dial gauge for zero error and set the needle of dial
gauge at zero position.
2) Install the arc cam and flat follower in apparatus
3) Set the cam pointer at zero
4) Take reading at 0o cam rotation on dial gauge in mm
5) Record the angle of cam and gauge reading in the table
6) Increment the cam by 100 and record the corresponding gauge reading
(follower displacement)
7) Increment the cam for complete 3600 and record the corresponding
readings
8) Plot the cam rotation angle against follower displacement
9) Repeat the experiment for tangent and asymmetric cams

M UMAR IQTIDAR

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LAB # 3

Observations and Calculations:


Arc Cam and Flat Follower
S. No Cam Rotation Angle [o]
1.
0
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
120
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360

Follower Displacement [mm]


14.15
12.50
9.70
6.15
2.65
0.75
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.80
3.00
6.85
9.80
12.35
14.75
15.95

Tangent Cam and Flat Follower


M UMAR IQTIDAR

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LAB # 3

S. No

M UMAR IQTIDAR

Cam Rotation Angle [o]

Follower Displacement [mm]

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LAB # 3

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
120
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360

16.91
16.65
15.74
13.95
11.65
8.67
5.29
1.52
1.24
1.07
0.90
0.75
0.60
0.44
0.32
0.20
0.13
0.11
0.05
0.11
0.13
0.20
0.32
0.11
0.60
0.75
0.90
1.07
1.24
1.52
5.29
8.67
11.65
13.95
15.74
16.65
16.91

Asymmetric Cam and Flat Follower


S. No
1.
2.
M UMAR IQTIDAR

Cam Rotation Angle [o]


0
10

Follower Displacement [mm]


15.98
14.49
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LAB # 3

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.

20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
120
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360

13.19
9.68
6.58
3.49
1.34
0.88
0.81
0.72
0.59
0.46
0.38
0.29
0.11
0.09
0.08
0
0.01
0.06
0.16
0.28
0.42
0.57
0.72
0.88
1.04
1.19
1.38
3.38
7.82
11.59
14.28
16.03
16.76
16.8
15.98

Plot:

M UMAR IQTIDAR

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LAB # 3

ANGLEDISPLACEMENTGRAPH OFCAM AND


FOLLOWER

18
16
14

Arc Camand Flat Follower

12
10

Tangent Camand Flat Follower

8
6
4

Asymmetric Camand Flat Follower

0
0
2
0
4
0
6
0
8
0
1
0
2
1
0
4
1
0
6
1
0
8
1
0
2
0
2
0
4
2
0
6
2
0
8
2
0
3
0
2
3
0
4
3
0
6
3

)
(M
W
L
F
Y
B
R
V
O
E
C
N
A
T
IS
D

CAM ROTATIONANGLE(DEGREE)

The graph of each cam has show almost the same motion owing to the fact that
position of flat follower does not changes with every minute change
Conclusion:
It is concluded that only the flat follower is used with arc cam tangent cam and
asymmetric cam so each of the cam has show fall dwell rise mechanism. It is
also seen that there was symmetry in case of arc and tangent cam but as the
name indicate asymmetric cam has given a symmetric profile.
Sources of Error:
1. Unwanted vibrations in the system
2. Un evenness in cam of follower profile
3. Zero error of dial gauge
4. Parallax error
5. Roughness in the motion of follower

M UMAR IQTIDAR

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