2.0K views

Uploaded by janvi100

Q&A

- Physics Questions
- PATALIM and THE DAY THE DANCERS CAME
- Test-27 Waves WA
- Handbook of Acoustics Ch2
- Developing a Family Nursing Care Plan
- constipation ncp
- PhilLit the Spouse
- Physics Question bank
- Disturbed Sensory Perception
- Fncp Malnutrition
- Practice Questions - Image Formation (With Key)
- 07 Acoustics
- Waves and Oscillations
- Table 5 Sample Family Nursing Care Plan
- TCRP Wheel Rail Noise Report
- 01. Ultrasonic Backscattering Method for in-situ Characterisation of Concentrated Dispersions
- 1 - Introduction to UPV - Dave Corbett
- Sonic Componants
- Pulse Waveforms
- Dynamics of Machinery

You are on page 1of 12

Multiple Choice

1. The velocity of sound in sea water is 1533 m/s. Find the bulk modulus (in N/m2) of sea water if its density is 1.025 103 kg/m3. a. b. c. d. e. 2. 2.6 109 2.2 109 2.0 109 2.4 109 2.8 109

A sculptor strikes a piece of marble with a hammer. Find the speed of sound through the marble (in km/s). (The Youngs modulus is 50 109 N/m2 and its density is 2.7 103 kg/m3.) a. b. c. d. e. 5.1 4.3 3.5 1.3 1.8

3.

The Youngs modulus for aluminum is 7.02 1010 N/m2. If the speed of sound in aluminum is measured to be 5.10 km/s, find its density (in kg/m3). a. b. c. d. e. 11.3 103 7.80 103 2.70 103 29.3 103 1.40 103

4.

It is possible to hear an approaching train before you can see it by listening to the sound wave through the track. If the elastic modulus is 2.0 1011 N/m2 and the density of steel is 7.8 103 kg/m3, approximately how many times faster is the speed of sound in the track than in air? ( v air 340 m/s .) a. b. c. d. e.

20 5 10 15 25

309

310

CHAPTER 17

5.

A harmonic longitudinal wave propagating down a tube filled with a compressible gas has the form s(x, t) = sm cos (kx t). Its velocity can be obtained from

a. b. c. d. e.

/k k/

k

6.

Calculate the pressure amplitude (in N/m2) of a 500 Hz sound wave in helium if the displacement amplitude is equal to 5 108 m. ( = 0.179 kg/m3, v = 972 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

3.5 102 1.6 102 2.7 102 4.2 102 2.0 102

7.

Calculate the displacement amplitude (in m) of a 20 kHz sound wave in helium if it has a pressure amplitude of 8 103 N/m2. ( = 0.179 kg/m3, v = 972 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

2.9 1010 3.7 1010 7.8 109 2.4 109 1.9 1010

8.

The variation in the pressure of helium gas, measured from its equilibrium value, is given by P = 2.9 105 cos (6.2x 3000t) where x and t have units m and s, and P is measured in N/m2. Determine the frequency (in Hz) of the wave.

a. b. c. d. e.

9.

The variation in the pressure of helium gas, measured from its equilibrium value, is given by P = 2.9 105 cos (6.2x 3000t) where x and t have units m and s, and P is measured in N/m2. Determine the wavelength (in m) of the wave.

a. b. c. d. e.

Sound Waves

311

10.

The variation in the pressure of helium gas, measured from its equilibrium value, is given by P = 2.9 105 cos (6.2x 3000t) where x and t have units m and s. Determine the speed (in m/s) of the wave.

a. b. c. d. e.

11.

Determine the intensity (in W/m2) of a harmonic longitudinal wave with a pressure amplitude of 8 103 N/m2 propagating down a tube filled with helium. ( = 0.179 kg/m3, v = 972 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

3.7 107 1.8 107 9.2 108 4.6 108 1.5 109

12.

Calculate the intensity level in dB of a sound wave that has an intensity of 15 104 W/m2.

a. b. c. d. e.

20 200 92 9 10

13.

A jet plane has a sound level of 150 dB. What is the intensity in W/m2?

a. b. c. d. e.

14.

By what factor will an intensity change when the corresponding sound level increases by 3 dB?

a. b. c. d. e.

3 0.5 2 4 0.3

15.

By what factor is the intensity of sound at a rock concert louder than that of a whisper when the two intensity levels are 120 dB and 20 dB respectively?

a. b. c. d. e.

312

CHAPTER 17

16.

A point source emits sound with a power output of 100 watts. What is the intensity (in W/m2) at a distance of 10.0 m from the source?

a. b. c. d. e.

7.96 102 7.96 101 7.96 100 7.96 101 7.96 103

17.

A point source emits sound waves with a power output of 100 watts. What is the sound level (in dB) at a distance of 10 m?

a. b. c. d. e.

18.

A car approaches a stationary police car at 36 m/s. The frequency of the siren (relative to the police car) is 500 Hz. What is the frequency (in Hz) heard by an observer in the moving car as he approaches the police car? (Assume the velocity of sound in air is 343 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

19.

A car moving at 36 m/s passes a stationary police car whose siren has a frequency of 500 hz. What is the change in the frequency (in Hz) heard by an observer in the moving car as he passes the police car? (The speed of sound in air is 343 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

20.

A truck moving at 36 m/s passes a police car moving at 45 m/s in the opposite direction. If the frequency of the siren relative to the police car is 500 Hz, what is the frequency heard by an observer in the truck as the police car approaches the truck? (The speed of sound in air is 343 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

Sound Waves

313

21.

A truck moving at 36 m/s passes a police car moving at 45 m/s in the opposite direction. If the frequency of the siren is 500 Hz relative to the police car, what is the frequency heard by an observer in the truck after the police car passes the truck? (The speed of sound in air is 343 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

22.

A truck moving at 36 m/s passes a police car moving at 45 m/s in the opposite direction. If the frequency of the siren is 500 Hz relative to the police car, what is the change in frequency (in Hz) heard by an observer in the truck as the two vehicles pass each other? (The speed of sound in air is 343 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

23.

How fast (in m/s) is the Concorde moving if it reaches Mach 1.5? (The speed of sound in air is 344 m/s.)

a. b. c. d. e.

24.

A stone is thrown into a quiet pool of water. With no fluid friction, the amplitude of the waves falls off with distance r from the impact point as

a. b. c. d. e.

25.

a. b. c. d. e.

there is a net transport of matter by the wave. the molecules of the medium are unable to exert forces on each other. molecular displacements are parallel to the wave velocity. molecular displacements are perpendicular to the wave velocity. the density of the medium is less than the density of water.

26.

When you hear the horn of a car that is approaching you, the frequency that you hear is larger than that heard by a person in the car because

a. b. c. d. e.

wave crests are farther apart by the distance the car travels in one period. wave crests are closer together by the distance the car travels in one period. the car gets ahead of each wave crest before it emits the next one. the speed of sound in air is increased by the speed of the car. a speeding car emits more wavecrests in each period.

314

CHAPTER 17

27.

While you are sounding a tone on a toy whistle, you notice a friend running toward you. If you want her to hear the same frequency that you hear even though she is approaching, you must

a. b. c. d. e.

stay put. run towards her at the same speed. run away from her at the same speed. stay put and play a note of higher frequency. run towards her and play a note of higher frequency.

28.

To decrease the intensity of the sound you are hearing from your speaker system by a factor of 36, you can

a. b. c. d. e.

reduce the amplitude by a factor of 12 and increase your distance from the speaker by a factor of 3. reduce the amplitude by a factor of 4 and increase your distance from the speaker by a factor of 3. reduce the amplitude by a factor of 2 and increase your distance from the speaker by a factor of 3. reduce the amplitude by a factor of 3 and increase your distance from the speaker by a factor of 4. reduce the amplitude by a factor of 3 and increase your distance from the speaker by a factor of 12.

29.

Drummers like to have high-pitched cymbals that vibrate at high frequencies. To obtain the highest frequencies, a cymbal of a fixed size should be made of a material

a. b. c. d. e.

with a low Youngs modulus and a low density. with a low Youngs modulus and a high density. with a high Youngs modulus and a low density. with a high Youngs modulus and a high density. composed of a metal-plastic laminate.

30.

A person standing in the street is unaware of an bird dropping that is falling from a point directly above him with increasing velocity. If the dropping were producing sound of a fixed frequency, as it approaches the person would hear the sound

a. b. c. d. e.

drop in frequency. stay at the same frequency. increase in frequency. decrease in loudness. stay at the same loudness.

31.

(Do not try the following: it could kill you. This question is only about a hypothetical possibility.) If you were standing below an object falling at terminal velocity, as it approached you, you would hear the sound

a. b. c. d. e.

drop in frequency. stay at the same frequency. increase in frequency. decrease in loudness. stay at the same loudness.

Sound Waves

315

32.

2720 8 y( x , t) = (0.002 cm ) sin x t . s m

The wavelength is

a. b. c. d. e. 33.

2720 8 y( x , t) = (0.002 cm ) sin x t . s m

a. b. c. d. e. 34.

2720 0.002 cm 8 A spherical wave has the form (r , t) = x t . The sin r s m amplitude of the wave a distance r from the source is

a. b. c. d. e.

35.

2720 0.002 cm 8 A spherical wave has the form ( r , t) = x t . The sin r s m wavelength of the wave is

a. b. c. d. e.

0.25 m. 0.50 m. 4 m. 8 m. 4 m.

316

CHAPTER 17

36.

2720 0.002 cm 8 A spherical wave has the form (r , t) = x t . The sin r s m frequency of the wave (in Hz) is

a. b. c. d. e. 37.

2720 0.002 cm 8 A spherical wave has the form ( r , t) = x t . The sin r m s velocity of the wave (in m/s) is

a. b. c. d. e. 38.

A boy has climbed to the top of a 6.00 m tall tree. When he shouts, the sound waves have an intensity of 0.250

tree. The ratio of intensity at the base of the tree to the intensity 1.00 m from the top of the tree is

a. b. c. d. e.

1 36

. .

1 25 1 . 6 1 . 5

1 . 6

39.

Which of the following does not have a precise definition in terms of the physical properties of sound waves?

a. b. c. d. e.

Sound Waves

317

40.

A friend hands you an equation sheet with the following equation for the Doppler effect: f =

as given only if

a. b. c. d. e. 41.

the observer and source are approaching each other. the observer is approaching the source while the source is moving away from the observer. the observer is moving away from the source while the source is approaching the observer. the observer and source are moving away from each other. the observer and source are moving in perpendicular directions.

A boat sounds a fog horn on a day when both the sea water and the air temperature are 25.0 C. The speed of sound in sea water is 1533 m/s. How much earlier in s does a dolphin 1000 m from the source hear the sound than a person in a boat that is also 1000 m distant? (Ignore the time it takes the sound to reach the water surface.)

a. b. c. d. e.

42.

A source of sound waves is placed at the center of a very large sound-reflecting wall. The source emits 0.500 W of power. Two meters from the source he intensity in W/m2 is

a. b. c. d. e.

0.313. 0.399. 0.625.

43.

On a day when the speed of sound in the upper air is 320 m/s, you fly coast to coast in the United States, a distance of about 4850 km, in about one hour, if the Mach number for the speed of your airplane is about

a. b. c. d. e.

1. 2 3 4 5.

44.

A fire engine approaches a wall at 5 m/s while the siren emits a tone of 500 Hz frequency. At the time, the speed of sound in air is 340 m/s. How many beats per second do the people on the fire engine hear?

a. b. c. d. e.

0 15 29 63 250

318

CHAPTER 17

45.

The figure below shows the positions of particles in a longitudinal standing wave. One quarter period later the particle distribution is shown in

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

Open-Ended Problems

46.

A bat, flying at 5.00 m/s, emits a chirp at 40.0 kHz. If this sound pulse is reflected by a wall, what is the frequency of the echo received by the bat? (vsound = 340 m/s.) A microphone in the ocean is sensitive to the sounds emitted by porpoises. To produce a usable signal, sound waves striking the microphone must have an intensity of 1.02 1011 W/m2. If porpoises emit sounds with a power of 0.0499 W, how far away can a porpoise be and still be heard? Disregard absorption of sound waves by the water. An airplane traveling at half the speed of sound emits sound at a frequency of 5000 Hz. At what frequency does a stationary listener hear the sound as the plane approaches, and after it passes by? Assume the airplane is not flying very high. The intensity level of an orchestra is 85 dB. A single violin achieves a level of 70 dB. How does the intensity of the sound of the full orchestra compare with that of the violin? When a workman strikes a steel pipeline with a hammer, he generates both longitudinal and transverse waves. The two types of reflected waves return 2.4 s apart. How far away is the reflection point? [For steel, vL = 6.2 km/s, vT = 3.2 km/s]

47.

48.

49.

50.

Sound Waves

319

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

d b c d a c b b d c b c d c d a d d c b d c b d c b

27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

IOrchestra = 31.6IViolin

7.9 km

320

CHAPTER 17

- Physics QuestionsUploaded byphilip_wang2001
- PATALIM and THE DAY THE DANCERS CAMEUploaded byMymy Sia Lu
- Test-27 Waves WAUploaded byumang dhandhania
- Handbook of Acoustics Ch2Uploaded byalejandro nova villalba
- Developing a Family Nursing Care PlanUploaded byRN_kn
- constipation ncpUploaded byKaren Pili
- PhilLit the SpouseUploaded byGiaFeliciano
- Physics Question bankUploaded byRoberto De La Paz
- Disturbed Sensory PerceptionUploaded byJames Lozano
- Fncp MalnutritionUploaded byHannah Katreena Liao
- Practice Questions - Image Formation (With Key)Uploaded byFreedom
- 07 AcousticsUploaded byViet Hien Pham
- Waves and OscillationsUploaded byfazeelm24
- Table 5 Sample Family Nursing Care PlanUploaded bydave_castañeda
- TCRP Wheel Rail Noise ReportUploaded byAnonymous OmwbxkB
- 01. Ultrasonic Backscattering Method for in-situ Characterisation of Concentrated DispersionsUploaded byFelipe Carvalho da Fonseca
- 1 - Introduction to UPV - Dave CorbettUploaded bydimitrios25
- Sonic ComponantsUploaded byMartika DupignyWilliams
- Pulse WaveformsUploaded byMuhd Syarafuddin
- Dynamics of MachineryUploaded bykiranm47
- WetLab1bUploaded byKemani Campbell
- 1-s2.0-S0003682X02000518-main-1Uploaded byeeqzc
- Decibels 1Uploaded byShehzad Ahmed
- ch 4 - listeningUploaded byapi-233966672
- Science NewUploaded bymayank98108
- science lesson.pptxUploaded byPinky Jorda Galarce
- Physics for RRB ALP Stage-II ExamUploaded byvelmurugan
- Decibels 1Uploaded byAnusorn Wongpunya
- Unit 1 - Acoustuics for MusiciansUploaded bytelfordunited2

- Phaser 3600Uploaded byty
- Brochure Zeiss Industrial LensesUploaded bymacpator
- DP-2025_SM_EN_0000Uploaded byCiprian Ioan Lazar
- deuterium_lampUploaded byj_sheri
- Sony CDXGT-770 Service ManualUploaded bySantiago Mendez
- Ultrasonic Examination ProcedureUploaded byJake Sparrow
- MSF - MMF - Photonic Crystal Fiber Refractive Index Sensor Based on Surface Plasmon ResonanceUploaded byRob Colares
- VideoUploaded byprabhjotbhangal
- ASTM E2192-13Uploaded byStephen Lewellen
- Chapter 3_digital Transmission FundamentalsUploaded byGeoffrey Alleyne
- LED Optics From FRAENUploaded byvmsa
- Magnetic Recording TheoryUploaded byAbhimonyu Deb
- Filmetrics TutorialUploaded byMichael Cainglet
- wave_optics_ps_25_6_09.pdfUploaded byAleksandër
- Flir t1020Uploaded bymanivellan
- Emerging Technologies: ADM, Hybrids, Computer Forensics, & MEMSUploaded byTSTC Publishing
- RQS 6 - Transmission Lines - AnswersUploaded byRenz Benhar Ocon Bobadilla
- Al 2219 alloysUploaded bycargetoianu2357
- Water ShowUploaded byFaizal Sattu
- Display 7 Seg Catodo 20 Mm RS 246-5544Uploaded byo1771709
- lpUploaded byAngeline Manalo
- Kam Class3b Laser Guide WebUploaded byDana Ramsey
- STP100 (Fiber Optic Characterization) OTDR - CD - PMD TestUploaded bynhlongdn
- detuningUploaded byPrincess Shosho
- Láser de CO2 - Bison - FIRE-XEL - Service Training Manual (ENG) Ver 2.2Uploaded byscribdsimh1
- Vesda VLP Data SheetUploaded bykmlowpg2
- 3 Micro Wave DevicesUploaded byWaqar Ahmad Khan
- Componentes.pdfUploaded byRepresentaciones y Distribuciones FAL
- Compressor Start Relay InstructionsUploaded byservice4u51
- NdYag 2Uploaded byKholfun Husamullah Firos Dawwas