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NKC Electronics Tutorials


NKC Electronics Tutorials

NKC Ethernet Shield for Arduino Assembly Guide


April 22nd, 2009

This is the assembly guide for the NKC Ethernet Shield for Arduino DIY KIT.

This shield is based on the WIZ812MJ module and shares the same W5100 TCP/IP chip with the official Arduino Ethernet Shield, making it 100% compatible. The current Arduino Ethernet Shield
doesn’t work with the Arduino MEGA (a hack is possible, but some wiring is needed, as well as a small modification to the Ethernet library code). The NKC shield was designed to avoid this extra
wiring and make it physically work with both the Arduino boards (and all its derivatives) and the Arduino MEGA board.

The KIT (purchase) comes with all the components, as shown in the next picture:

Start by opening the plastic poach and removing all the components on the table. Select the PCB, the 3.3V voltage regulator (TO-220 format) and the 2 x 100uF electrolytic capacitors.

Solder these components, make sure that the capacitors are correctly oriented, as they are polarized (long leg is positive, short leg negative. Also negative has a band on the capacitor body).

Next proceed with the LEDs, resistors and tactile switch. The switch is for resetting both the Arduino board and the Ethernet shield. The red LED is for LED13, the same LED13 that you have in your
Arduino board is available on the Shield, as it indicates SPI activity. The 2 blue LEDs are for the Ethernet TX and RX activity indicators. The resistors are for limiting the current to these LEDs.

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Now solder the 4 2×5 female sockets. Before applying solder, make sure they are correctly aligned.

It is time to solder the long legged pin headers: 2 x 8-pin, 2 x 6-pin and 1 x 2×3-pin (this one goes upside down!). There is also a 4-pin male header and a jumper or shunt.

The shield is ready. Plug the jumper in “Duemilanove” position (1-2). Insert the WIZ812MJ module as shown:

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This is how it looks, mounted on a Freeduino board (Arduino diecimila, duemilanove, seeeduino, etc):

and the next step is to open the Arduino IDE, load some Ethernet library based sketch and enjoy your new Ethernet Shield.

If you have the Arduino MEGA board

This is how it looks:

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You can keep the jumper in the Duemilanove setting.

1. Locate spi.h file (it is located under Arduino installation directory –> hardware –> libraries –> Ethernet –> utility)
2. Rename it as spi_orig.h
3. Download spiMEGA.h
4. Rename spiMEGA.h as spi.h
5. Delete all .o files from utility and Ethernet directories
6. Start the Arduino IDE
7. Load or program your Ethernet Library based shield
8. Compile –> upload sketch to the MEGA –> and Voila!!!
9. Enjoy your Arduino board connected to the NET

The jumper in MEGA position, together with the last pin (4) on the 4-pin male header, is when you cannot keep the SS signal (SPI) on Digital pin 10 and need to move it to the default position, which is
digital pin 53 on the MEGA.

If this is the case, then download a different spi.h file named spiMEGAold.h, place the jumper in MEGA (2-3) position, and connect a wire from pin 4 on the Shield to digital pinn 53 on the MEGA:

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Posted in Freeduino/Arduino | 1 Comment »

STM32 Primer I/O header hack


April 13th, 2009

The STM32 primer is an excellent tool to start playing with the Cortex-M3 based STM32 microcontrollers. The STM32 Primer features an STM3210B microcontroller (128 Kbytes Flash) USB
connector, 128×128 color LCD, MEMS sensor, IrDA connector footprint, buzzer, LEDs and push button.

It also has a solder footprint (2mm spaced) with some communication signals exposed. I created this weblog to document how this extension port can be used.

It is located next to the rechargeable batteries:

I extracted the pinout from the schematics:

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and the pinout is as follows:

Some signals are already used by the included peripherals, like the accelerometer. Please, verify the complete schematics available here (You need to register to access the resources documents).

You can solder some wires to the footprint pins or you can solder a 2mm pin header, male or female. I have the 2×12 2mm female header, so I used it to create a socket for this hack. The socket is a
through-hole component, so I bended the pins outwards to solder it as an SMD socket. The socket can be purchased here

Posted in STM32 | No Comments »

Arduino Ethernet Shield MEGA hack


April 6th, 2009

The Arduino MEGA was announced officially on March 26th, 2009. The MEGA kept the odd pin header spacing to make it compatible with most Arduino shields. But unfortunately, some pins had to
be moved and this movement made some shields that use SPI incompatible. One of the most popular shields, the Arduino Ethernet shield is one of the incompatible shields, as it relies on SPI for Arduino
to Ethernet communication. The good news is that it is possible to make it work with the MEGA and here is the procedure:

Ingredients

Arduino MEGA board


Arduino Ethernet shield
4 x male2male jumper wires

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ingredients

First the Hardware hack

The SPI signals SCK, MISO, MOSI and SS are located in pins 13, 12, 11 and 10 on the Arduino Diecimila/Duemilanove or compatible boards like freeduino and seeeduino.
These signals moved to pins 52, 50, 51 and 53 on the Arduino MEGA.
Signals SCK, MISO and MOSI are available in the ICSP 2×3 pin header also, but signal SS is missing from this header, and only available on pin 53.

As the Arduino Ethernet shield expects to get these signals from pins 13 to 10, we need to re-wire them to pins 50 to 53.

First, we need to disconnect pins 13 to 10 in the Arduino Ethernet Shield:

these4pins

Bend them slightly to the outside:

these4pinsside

And plug the Arduino Ethernet shield to the Arduino MEGA, so these 4 pins remains unplugged:

plug

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Now, how are we going to get the SPI signals? From pins 50 to 53… following the next mapping:

MEGA pin 50 (MISO) to Arduino Ethernet Shield pin 12.


MEGA pin 51 (MOSI) to Arduino Ethernet Shield pin 11.
MEGA pin 52 (SCK) to Arduino Ethernet Shield pin 13.
MEGA pin 53 (SS) to Arduino Ethernet Shield pin 10.

wires1

wires2

wires3

Now the Hardware hack is complete, but there is one more change we need to do, as the original Ethernet Library included with the Arduino IDE has hardcoded the SPI signals. We need to change
these hardcoded signals to match the new position in the Arduino MEGA.

Software Hack

Locate the file spi.h in the hardware/libraries/Ethernet/utility directory, under your Arduino 0015 installation.

Find and replace the following 5 lines:

#define SPI0_SS_BIT BIT2


...
#define SPI0_SCLK_BIT BIT5
...
#define SPI0_MOSI_BIT BIT3
...
#define SPI0_MISO_BIT BIT4
...
#define IINCHIP_CS_BIT BIT2

and replace them with this code:

#define SPI0_SS_BIT BIT0


...
#define SPI0_SCLK_BIT BIT1
...
#define SPI0_MOSI_BIT BIT2
...
#define SPI0_MISO_BIT BIT3
...
#define IINCHIP_CS_BIT BIT0

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These 5 lines are in a non-consecutive order in the spi.h file.

After you save the edited spi.h file, remove all .o files in the utility and Ethernet directory.

Open the Arduino 0015 IDE (The Arduino MEGA requires Arduino 0015), and load your preferred Ethernet sketch or try this example that I use (You need to change the IP address to reflect the values
in your network):
#include <Ethernet.h>

byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };


byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 1, 50 }; // Change this parameters to reflect your network values
byte server[] = { 64, 233, 187, 99 }; // Google

Client client(server, 80);

void setup()
{
Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
Serial.begin(9600);

delay(1000);

Serial.println(”connecting…”);

if (client.connect()) {
Serial.println(”connected”);
client.println(”GET /search?q=arduino HTTP/1.0″);
client.println();
} else {
Serial.println(”connection failed”);
}
}

void loop()
{
if (client.available()) {
char c = client.read();
Serial.print(c);
}

if (!client.connected()) {
Serial.println();
Serial.println(”disconnecting.”);
client.stop();
for(;;)
;
}
}

Compile and upload the sketch. Activate the Serial Monitor, set baud to 9600 and you should see the Google search result, in html format, like in the following screen capture:

ide

And the complete hack while getting information from Google:

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working

This concludes the Arduino Ethernet Shield MEGA hack.

You can purchase the Arduino MEGA here and the Arduino Ethernet Shield here

April 14th, 2009 UPDATE


The previous hack requires moving 4 signals: SCK, MOSI, MISO and SS. As SS is used by AVR only when working SPI in SLAVE mode, I decided to try a new simpler hack, and move only 3 signals:
SCK, MOSI and MISO, and use digital pin 10 as SS. This way, only 3 pins need to be bended: 13, 12 and 11.

At the beginning this seemed to be a simple modification to the original hack, but mysteriously it didn’t work. Assigning SPI0_SS_BIT and IINCHIP_CS_BIT to BIT4 (corresponding to digital pin 10 on
the Arduino MEGA), the Arduino Ethernet shield couldn’t be initialized, so the sketch didn’t work (It never returned from Ethernet.begin()). After doing some research, I found that the SS pin is also
used when setting AVR in SPI master mode, but only before setting bit 4 of register SPCR (Master mode) required this pin SS to be HIGH. So I tricked some more code to make it work (force SS HIGH
before setting bit 4 in SPCR register to HIGH).

Hardware hack

Follow hardware hack instructions above, but only bend pins 13, 12 and 11. Wire the pins as instructed, except for the 4th wire from Arduino MEGA pin 53 to Ethernet Shield pin 10 (as this pin is not
bended in this new hack).

Software hack

Forget all the changes suggested above, and follow this new changes:
Find and replace the following 6 lines:

#define SPI0_SS_BIT BIT2


...
#define SPI0_SCLK_BIT BIT5
...
#define SPI0_MOSI_BIT BIT3
...
#define SPI0_MISO_BIT BIT4
...
#define IINCHIP_CS_BIT BIT2
...
PORTB |= SPI0_SS_BIT; PORTB &= ~(SPI0_SCLK_BIT|SPI0_MOSI_BIT);\

and replace them with this code:

#define SPI0_SS_BIT BIT4


...
#define SPI0_SCLK_BIT BIT1
...
#define SPI0_MOSI_BIT BIT2
...
#define SPI0_MISO_BIT BIT3
...
#define IINCHIP_CS_BIT BIT4
...
PORTB |= SPI0_SS_BIT | BIT0; PORTB &= ~(SPI0_SCLK_BIT|SPI0_MOSI_BIT);\

By adding BIT0, we force pin SS to be HIGH when the SPCR register is set for AVR to behave like SPI master device.

I hope you find the new addition simpler to execute than the original hack.

Posted in Freeduino/Arduino | 4 Comments »

If there is an Arduino MEGA, then there should be a MEGAshield


March 16th, 2009

Hi, I just saw the picture of the Arduino MEGA featured in hack-a-day

If there is an Arduino MEGA, then for sure you need a MEGAshield. Here are some pictures of the NKC MEGAShield:

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Half Stackable MEGAShield = Monster MEGAShield (As called by ladyada)

I installed long legged 6-pin and 8-pin headers to make the Arduino MEGAshield stackable on the left half side (legacy Arduino side?). Here are some pictures:

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Posted in Freeduino/Arduino | 23 Comments »

Assembling the NKC Electronics XBee Shield V3.0 KIT

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March 12th, 2009

Assembling the NKC Electronics XBee Shield V3.0 KIT


SCHEMATICS (click on images to enlarge)

The NKC Electronics XBee Shield V3.0 KIT is an enhanced version of the original Arduino XBee Shield. It is sold in a DIY kit format and it comes with all the components required to assemble a full
XBee Shield that is pin-compatible with all Arduino format compliant boards (Arduino, Freeduino, Seeeduino, etc).
First, unpack the kit

and start with the PCB.

Let’s start with the power portion of the schematic using the following parts:

IC1 TLV2217-33 Voltage Regulator (TO-220 package)

C1 100nF ceramic capacitor

C2, C3 10uF electrolytic capacitor

Next continue with the transistor, LEDs and other discrete components:

R1
10K resistor

R2
15K resistor

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R3, R4
1K resistor

R5
330ohm resistor
RSSI 3mm LED
ASSOCIATE 3mm LED blue (transparent)
T1 BC547 transistor
reset tactile switch

Solder the sockets and pin headers:

Next step: Insert the jumpers:

There are 4 jumpers. J1 and J2 are for upgrading the firmware on the XBee module. Leave open for normal operation (both J1 and J2 open).

Pay special attention to the alignment of the female headers. The 2×3 female socket must be placed with the female portion facing down. This board takes some signals from the ICSP connector, so this
socket is mandatory.

And this is the final picture of the XBee Shield V3.0 assembled and ready to use. XBee module is not included in the kit and must be purchased separately.

http://www.nkcelectronics.com/

Posted in Freeduino/Arduino | No Comments »

atxmega128a1 DAC is nonlinear and inaccurate when reference is above 2.4V or Vcc - 0.6V
March 12th, 2009

I started experimenting with the new ATMEL atxmega128a1 chip, when I noticed a strange noise in the signal generated by the DAC example (atmel application note AVR1301: Using the XMEGA
DAC). I captured the signal with a Rigol VS5042 Digital Storage Oscilloscope:

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You can clearly see the noise at the bottom of the sawtooth signal.

The setup:

STK600 (Target Voltage 3.6V)


TQFP100 Package
ATMEGA128A1
AVR Studio 4.15
WINAVR 20080610
Rigol VS5042 Digital Storage Oscilloscope
AVR1301 example in C

I thought there was a mistake in the example program, and was about to review it, when I found the following note in the Errata section of the atmega128a1 preliminary datasheet:

“DAC is nonlinear and inaccurate when reference is above 2.4V or Vcc - 0.6V”

So I went back to AVR Studio and set the target voltage of the STK500 (and the target device) to 2.0V, and the problem does not appear:

I assume the VREF used by the example program is internal, so lowering the voltage of the target device is the setup that fixes the problem. I will change the example program to use external VREF and
see if it is possible to power the target with 3.3V and lower VREF to 2.0V and see if the problem can be fixed as well. The ATMEL documentation says that there is no workaround to this problem, and
they recommend using VREF below 2.4V or Vcc - 0.6V

The XMEGA is a very advanced and interesting device. The only disadvantage is that it is very difficult to get good documentation, user experiences, etc. So I will be preparing different settings and
publishing the results.

Update: I checked the source code and VREF was set to AVCC, and AVCC = Target Voltage. That is why the only way to change VREF to 2.0V was to lower the complete target board (STK600)
voltage to 2.0V. I modified the source code to use external VREF for DAC channel A, and the result is that I can set the target board voltage to 3.5V and VREF to 2.0V and now the example works ok,
without noise in the SAWTOOTH signal.

DSO channel 1 (yellow) is the sawtooth signal output, with Vmax = 2.0V and channel 2 (blue) is VTarget, with Vmax = 3.5V.

Posted in XMEGA | No Comments »

Assembling the NKC Electronics JTAG ICE Clone Board (Rev. B)


March 12th, 2009

Assembling the NKC Electronics JTAG ICE CLONE Board (Rev. B)


by NKC Electronics

SCHEMATICS (right click –> view image)

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JTAG ICE Clone board is an implementation of the Aquaticus JTAG ICE clone. The Kit includes the PCB and all the parts requiered to build a fully functional clone of AVR JTAG ICE. It can even be
upgraded using AVR-STUDIO when a new firmware is released by Atmel.

This guide covers the assembly process of the JTAG ICE clone Rev B kit (marked Rev B in the PCB)

First, unpack the kit and start with the PCB.

The JTAG ICE clone board has all the component values printed on the PCB, making the use of the schematic almost unnecessary.

We will install the passive components (resistors, capacitors, etc) first.

Start by soldering the resistors R1 to R7, C3 to C9 ceramic capacitors, C10 electrolytic capacitor and D2 diode

R1 10 K resistor
R2, R3, R4, R6 1 K resistor
R5, R7 4.7 K resistor
C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, C9 0.1uF ceramic capacitor
D1 1N4148 diode
C10 10uF electrolytic capacitor

Next identify and separate the 2 22pF ceramic capacitors, 2 LEDs and the crystal

C1, C2 22pF ceramic capacitor


Q1 7.3728 crystal
PWR, JTAG 3mm LED

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Now separate the 16-pin IC socket, 40-pin IC socket (wide), 10-pin male header, 5-pin male header, DB9 female PCB connector. Cut the 5-pin male header in one 3-pin header and one 2-pin header.

X1 DB9 female PCB connector


JTAG 2×5 male header
IC1 40-pin DIP socket
IC2 16-pin DIP socket
JP1 3-pin male header
JP2 2-pin male header

We are done with the soldering. You need to install the MCU and the RS232 (ICL3232, MAX3232, ST3232) driver in the sockets. The large chip is the ATMEGA16 Microcontroller. It is already
programmed with the latest release of the JTAG ICE firmware, and the bootloader. Please, be very careful with the pins while inserting the ICs.

Insert the shunt shorting positions 2-3 of the 3-pin MODE header. The JTAG ICE clone board has two modes of operation:

1. Programming / Upgrade mode


2. Normal operation mode

Position 2-3 is the Normal operation mode (board is ready to connect to target board and start debugging)

Position 1-2 is the Programming mode. This mode is used to program or upgrade the JTAG ICE firmware. The firmware is distributed by Atmel with updates on the AVR Studio IDE. In the operation
guide you will find the manual firmware upgrade process, explained in detail.

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This is how the JTAG ICE clone board looks ready to use with the 10-wire cable for the target board.

The target board must supply the power to the JTAG ICE clone board, using the standard JTAG connector. The board expects the power from the target board (2.7V to 5.0V) in the VTarget (VCC) pin.
It is recommended to supply also the target voltage to the VTref pin (Use the provided JP2 and jumper to supply power to the board from the target device). The JTAG ICE board does not have voltage
leveling circuit, so if you supply VTref, it must be the same as VTarget.

Testing the board:

1. Start AVR Studio


2. Verify mode jumper is in 2-3 Normal
3. Connect JTAG port to target board. Supply VCC. At this point, you only need to supply VCC to the JTAG ICE clone board. No real circuit with target MCU is needed
4. Both LEDs are on

5. Select Connect to the Selected AVR Programmer

6. You should see the following message:

This message means that AVR Studio detected the JTAG ICE clone board, but was not able to identify the target MCU (either it is not installed, or the installed MCU does not support JTAG).

The JTAG ICE clone board is now assembled and tested. Now you need a real target board to start debugging.

An important reminder: JTAG ICE requieres the JTAG fuse in the target MCU set: JTAG Interface Enabled [JTAGEN=0]. The setting looks like this in AVR Studio:

IMPORTANT NOTE to AVRStudio 4.13 sp2 users: There seems to be a bug in AVRStudio 4.13 sp2 that generates an error trying to read fuses using the JTAG interface. There is a fix posted
in Atmel Norway website: http://www.atmel.no/beta_ware/as4/413sp2/stk500Dll.zip

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Posted in AVR | No Comments »

Assembling the Freeduino Serial v2.0 Board (MAX232)


March 12th, 2009

Assembling the ArduinoTM Diecimila Compatible Freeduino Serial v2.0 Board


SCHEMATICS (click on images to enlarge)

The Arduino diecimila compatible Freeduino serial board is a special version of the Arduino serial board designed by NKC Electronics. The board is diecimila compatible (autoreset) and includes the 13
digital pin LED for easy diagnostics and basic LED sketch execution. The v2.0 board uses a MAX232 compatible chip for interfacing with RS232. The older v1.0 board used two transistors, but had
some reliability issues with auto-reset and sketch uploading.
First, unpack the kit

and start with the PCB.

Let’s start with the power portion of the schematic using the following parts:

DC1 DC power jack


D1 1N4004 diode
C5 100nF ceramic capacitor
C6, C7 47uF electrolytic capacitor
IC2 7805 5V positive voltage regulator
Power LED 3mm LED
R2 330 ohm resistor

Plug a wall plug voltage regulator (+7V to +12V). The LED lights up, indicating that the Power supply is working.
NOTE: This board is shields friendly as the 7805 voltage regulator is mounted horizontally.

Next continue with the soldering of the RS232 components:

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X1 DB9 female PCB adapter


IC3 16-pin IC socket
C4, C8, C9, C10, C11, C12 0.1uF (100nF) ceramic capacitors

Solder the rest of the components:

R3 1.5Kohm resistor
R4, R6 1 Kohm resistor
R5 10 Kohm resistor
C2, C3 22pF ceramic capacitor
C1 0.1uF (100nF) ceramic capacitor
13 3mm LED (Arduino pin 13 status LED)
Q1 16 MHz crystal
RESET Reset switch
IC1 28-pin IC socket
ICSP 2×3 pin male header

Now solder the headers and sockets:

POWER & Analog In 6-pin female header


Digital 2 x 8-pin female header

Pay special attention to the alignment of the female headers.

And finally install the ATMEGA168 MCU and the MAX232 (or HIN232 / ICL232) chips.

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The board is ready to be used. Start the Arduino IDE and load the BLINK sketch from the examples directory. Verify that ATMEGA168 is selected in Tools –> Microcontroller (MCU) and Arduino
Diecimila in the Tools –> board option. Select the COM port number corresponding to the serial interface where the Freeduino serial board is connected to. Press the “Upload to I/O board” button in
Arduino and the board should autoreset and complete the programming. If you selected correctly the BLINK sketch, the LED “13″ must start blinking once every 2 second (0.5Hz).

The board has space for an optional 3.3V regulator (78L33 TO-92 footprint) with it’s associated decoupling 0.1uF capacitor (C13).

http://www.nkcelectronics.com/arduino.html

Posted in Freeduino/Arduino | No Comments »

Assembling the Freeduino (Arduino) Motor Shield


March 12th, 2009

Assembling the ArduinoTM Freeduino Motor Shield


SCHEMATICS (click on images to enlarge)

The Freeduino Arduino Motor Shield is the original Motor Shield V1.1 designed by David Cuartielles of the Arduino Team. This product is not certified nor endorsed by David or the Arduino Team.
First, unpack the kit

and start with the PCB. The PCB has some extra space for an encoder. It is optional to assemble the encoder section. The kit only includes the components to assemble the motor control section of the
PCB.
Let’s start with the IC sockets using the following parts:

IC Socket 1 14-pin IC socket

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IC Socket 2 16-pin IC socket

Then, we can solder the resistors and the LED.

PWR 3mm LED


R7 1K resistor
R3, R4, R5, R6 100K resistor

The LED has two legs, one longer than the other. The longer leg is called ANODE (+) and the shorter is CATHODE (-). The LED goes in the PWR LED space. Insert the long leg into the left hole.

Then solder the 1K R7 resistor, and the four 100K R3 to R6 resistors.

We continue with the capacitors:

C4, C9 100uF electrolytic capacitor


C10, C11, C12, C13 100nF ceramic capacitor

This is the board with all the components installed, before we solder the sockets.

NOTE: The C9 capacitor was installed backwards in the picture. Follow the marking on the PCB, which is positive down, negative up.

Solder the rest of the components: male sockets to plug the shield to the Freeduino / Arduino board, and the 4-pin female socket to plug the motors.

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The motor shield, completely assembled and ready to use.

You can connect two DC motors. One goes on the first 2 socket holes (MOTOR B), from the top.

The second motor (MOTOR A)goes on the 2 bottom socket holes.

A simple Arduino code to test the shield:

// Motor Shield test


// by NKC Electronics
// Test Motor B

int dirbpin = 12; // Direction pin for motor B is Digital 12


int speedbpin = 9; // Speed pin for motor B is Digital 9 (PWM)
int speed = 200;
int dir = 0;

void setup()
{
pinMode(dirbpin, OUTPUT);
}

void loop()
{
digitalWrite(dirbpin, dir); // set direction
analogWrite(speedbpin, speed); // set speed (PWM)
dir = ((dir == 0) ? 1 : 0); // change direction
delay(10000); // 10 seconds
}

Motors can be any DC motor that can work up to the Vin voltage. Vin is the power supply voltage - 0.6V. If you are using a 12V transformer, then Vin is 11.4V. You can use a 12V motor. If you are
using a 9V transformer, then Vin is 8.4V and you can use a DC motor rated at 9V.

The motor driver can support 3.6V to 36V motors (1A). But the shield is designed to take Vin from the Arduino / Freeduino power supply, before the 5V voltage regulator. You cannot supply Arduino /

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Freeduino with 36V without burning the voltage regulator.

If you need to use a motor rated < 7V or > 14V, you will need to modify the shield. Do not install the Vin pin header to the Arduino / Freeduino board (or install the Vin and GND pins upwards, to plug a
connector from where you can supply this shield with a different voltage range than the Arduino / Freeduino board)… and install a socket and supply Vin in the Shield from a different regulated DC
power source, using the same GND connection.http://www.nkcelectronics.com/arduino.html

Posted in Freeduino/Arduino | No Comments »

Assembling the Freeduino Serial v1.0 Board


March 12th, 2009

Assembling the ArduinoTM Diecimila Compatible Freeduino Serial v1.0 Board


SCHEMATICS (click on images to enlarge)

The Arduino diecimila compatible Freeduino serial board is a special version of the Arduino serial board designed by NKC Electronics. The board is diecimila compatible (autoreset) and includes the 13
digital pin LED for easy diagnostics and basic LED sketch execution.
First, unpack the kit

and start with the PCB.

Let’s start with the power portion of the schematic using the following parts:

DC1 DC power jack


D1 1N4004 diode
C5 100nF ceramic capacitor
C6, C7 47uF electrolytic capacitor
IC2 7805 5V positive voltage regulator
Power LED 3mm LED
R2 330 ohm resistor

Plug a wall plug voltage regulator (+7V to +12V). The LED lights up, indicating that the Power supply is working.

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NOTE: This board is not shield friendly, as the 7805 is too tall and there is no room to install it horizontally.

If you need to use shields with this board, mount the 7805 on the bottom side of the board following the next pictures:

The result is shown with the XBee shield, Motor controller shield and NKC Electronics protoshield.

Next continue with the soldering of the RS232 components:

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X1 DB9 female PCB adapter


T1 BC547
T2 BC557
D2, D3 1N4148
C8 10uF electrolytic capacitor
R1 4.7K resistor
R3 1.5K resistor
R4 1K resistor

Solder the rest of the capacitors and resistors:

R5-R9 10 Kohm resistor


C2, C3 22pF ceramic capacitor
C1, C4 100nF ceramic capacitor

Now solder the crystal, switch and the 13-pin LED:

S1 reset switch
13 3mm LED
Q1 16MHz crystal

Now solder the headers and sockets:

ICSP 2×3 pin male header


POWER 4-pin female header
Analog In 6-pin female header
Digital 2 x 8-pin female header
IC1 28-pin DIP socket

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Pay special attention to the alignment of the female headers.

And finally install the ATMEGA168 MCU.

The board is ready to be used. Start Arduino0009 or Arduino0010 and load the BLINK sketch from the examples directory. Verify that ATMEGA168 is selected in Tools –> Microcontroller (MCU) and
Arduino Diecimila in the Tools –> board option. Select the COM port number corresponding to the serial interface where the Freeduino serial board is connected to. Press the “Upload to I/O board”
button in Arduino and the board should autoreset and complete the programming. If you selected correctly the BLINK sketch, the LED “13″ must start blinking once every 2 second (0.5Hz).

http://www.nkcelectronics.com/arduino.html

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