8 views

Uploaded by John Cena

ngc

ngc

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- SOM NOTES (Httpelearning.vtu.Ac.inp1CV331ReloadContentPreview.htm)
- Steel Beam Design
- Lab4.Bending Moment
- Discussion for shear force and bending moment
- werwer
- Bridge Deck Behaviour
- Beam Analysis in Matlab
- Bending Moment
- Strength of Materials for Technicians chapter6 pptx[1].pptx
- CHAPTER 3- SHEAR FORCE, BENDING MOMENT OF STATICALLY DETERMINATE BEAM
- Theory 1 (Outline 5 -6.2)
- Ansys Lab3 on Beam
- Small Porch Swing
- Built in Continuous Beam
- Theoretical Background of Beam Deflection
- FOM LEC WEEK 6
- chapter5b.pdf
- Force Method
- shear force and bending moment diagrams.pdf
- Deflection Nptel

You are on page 1of 4

1.1) Introduction:

Beams which are fixed at both ends are specially termed as FIXED BEAMS. They are

also called as BUILT IN or ENCASTER BEAMS. In some cases when deflection or slope in

beams needs to be less as compared to simply supported beams then these fixed beams come into

application.

1.2) Technical Introduction:

In simply supported beams deflection at ends is zero but slope is not equal to zero. But in

fixed beams both deflection and slope equals to zero. Slopes in fixed beams are prevented by

applying FIXED END MOMENTS. These moments are automatically generated when ends of

beams are fixed or built-in when they are loaded externally. If the end moments are not able to

nullify the moment produced by the external loading then some slope will be produced in the

beams. But when the beam is in absolute fixity then no slope will be incurred in the beams.

These beams are also called as STATICALLY INDETERMINATE BEAMS. Why they

are termed as STATICALLY INDETERMINATE BEAMS is discussed in next few lines.

Basically all types of problems which will be discussed in later section, the main objective is to

determine four main forces namely,

Reaction forces near both ends.

Fixed moments at both ends.

Such type of beams with more than two unknown forces cannot be static equilibrium equations.

Hence they are called as statically indeterminate beams. They require some extra equations with

which they can be solved. Now number of extra unknown reactions available are termed as

D.O.R (Degree Of Redundancy).

1.3) Methods of Solving:

There are mostly generally two methods used for solving the problems related to fixed

beams.

- Moment Area method

- Macaulays method or 1

st

principle method.

1.3.1) Moment Area method:

When we start discussing theory about this theorem, we have to know that due to fixing

at ends supports we have three reactions.

- Vertical

- Horizontal

- Moments

In most general cases we apply only vertical loads, hence horizontal forces can be

neglected. So as combined, only four forces need to be determined as discussed in previous

section. They are vertical reaction forces and end moments near both ends. But for us to solve,

we have only two equations with us namely EV = 0 and EM = 0. Remaining information can be

obtained by condition of zero slope and zero deflection.

Certain procedure should be followed to solve the problem with this method. Let us make

it into different stages.

Stage 1: We assume beam to be of simply supported type loaded externally with reactions at

end as V

a

and V

b

. At any section bending moment is sagging moment.

Stage 2: We consider fixed beams as simply supported with only the end couples. Based on

external loading the Bending Moment Diagram changes the shape. If loading is central beam,

then fixed moment beam is rectangle in shape. And even in this case there is no opposite reaction

to the fixed moment whose value can be given as

V=

b a

M M

L

L = Complete length of span

V = Opposite reaction force

M

a

, M

b

= Fixed moment at A, B.

During these cases at one end support the reaction force (V) acts in one direction and on

the other support in other direction. Hence when you are finding the reaction on the complete

fixed beam in addition to the forces caused due to external loading, we also used to consider

reaction force (V) which we got due to end moments.

Stage 3: Final bending moment of fixed beam is obtained by combining the stage 1 and stage

2. When both bending moment diagrams are super imposed on each other, we get the resultant

Bending moment diagram of the fixed beam. The net bending moment which causes the

deformation in the fixed beam can be calculated which will be shown in an example.

From the third stage we can derive some of the following conclusions.

a = a ; ' x x =

a = Area of free Bending moment Diagram

a = Area of fixed Bending moment diagram.

x = Distance of centroid from free Bending Moment Diagram from end A.

x = Distance of centroid from fixed Bending Moment Diagram from end A.

We know that

EI

2

2

d y

dx

= M

But since we have bending moment from free and fixed stages,

EI

2

2

d y

dx

= M

x

M

x

1

Integrating equation 1 for whole length of beam

EI

0

l

dy

dx

(

(

=

0 0

'

l l

x x

M dx M dx

} }

but at ends where x=0 then slope

dy

dx

=

hence the EI

0

l

dy

dx

(

(

= 0

0 0

'

l l

x x

M dx M dx =

} }

a = a

0

l

x

M dx

}

= area of the body from engineering mechanics

Now again considering equation 1,

EI

2

2

d y

dx

= M

x

M

x

multiplying x on both sides ,

EI.x.

2

2

d y

dx

= M

x

.x M

x

.x

Integrating on both sides and taking ( )

d

fg f g f g

dx

=

} } } }

formulae , we get

2

2

0 0 0

. . . '. .

l l l

x x

d y

EI x M x dx M x dx

dx

(

=

(

} } }

at x=l , y=0 ,

dy

dx

=0 [ Since slope and deflection at ends of fixed beams is zero]

0 0

. . '. .

l l

x x

M x dx M x dx =

} }

' x x =

Hence from the above conclusions we find out the unknown forces and solve the problems

Note Point (1) :

Disadvantage with this method is , sometimes the bending moment diagram is not perfect or

regular shape, Then it may be difficult to find out exact area of shape of bending moment

diagram. This can give inaccurate result to our problems. Hence in this case we may go for other

method of finding the bending moments MACAULAYS METHOD

1.3.2 Macaulays Method:

As we discussed earlier when bending moment diagram shapes are very difficult to find out we

use this method of solving.

This method is much simpler as compared to the Moment-Area method. In this method we

consider an X-X section along any part of beam. Then we form the moment equation by

considering all forces which come under the X-X section. Then we substitute the conditions at its

ends and find out the variables or unknown forces. We can also substitute the conditions of

maximum deflection depending on loads and find out the unknown forces.

1.4 Cases of loading on beams

- Point load at center of span

- Point load eccentric to beam span

- Uniform distributed loading over complete span

- Uniform distributed loading for part of beam span

- Uniform varying loading for complete span

- Uniform varying loading for part of beam span

- Sinking Supports

- Fixed beam with couple moment

1.5 Advantages and Applications

- We use fixed beams when less bending moment is expected for same amount of load

applied as compared to simply supported beams

- Even less deflection and slope are obtained in fixed beams

- Fixed beams are very stable and strong when compared to simply supported beams

1.6 Disadvantages

- During the time of fixing care needs to be taken for aligning the supports. High amount

of accuracy needs to be maintained for fixing supports

- Small deviation of support can induce large amount of stress in beams

- Initial cost of set-up is high

- Even change in working temperature conditions also induces stress

- End fixing are sensitive to vibrations and fluctuations

- SOM NOTES (Httpelearning.vtu.Ac.inp1CV331ReloadContentPreview.htm)Uploaded byVinod Kumar Verma
- Steel Beam DesignUploaded byanshutomar7915
- Lab4.Bending MomentUploaded byOmar Arabi
- Discussion for shear force and bending momentUploaded byKang Lee
- werwerUploaded byNoel Guades
- Bridge Deck BehaviourUploaded byanand_parchure
- Beam Analysis in MatlabUploaded byNajibullah Al Farisy
- Bending MomentUploaded byEsyad E-chad
- Strength of Materials for Technicians chapter6 pptx[1].pptxUploaded byMR150
- CHAPTER 3- SHEAR FORCE, BENDING MOMENT OF STATICALLY DETERMINATE BEAMUploaded bydixn__
- Theory 1 (Outline 5 -6.2)Uploaded byNikko Adrian Barro
- Ansys Lab3 on BeamUploaded byrpadhra8803
- Small Porch SwingUploaded byEngr Saad Bin Sarfraz
- Built in Continuous BeamUploaded byttimmyturner
- Theoretical Background of Beam DeflectionUploaded bySharmaine Gomez Falcis
- FOM LEC WEEK 6Uploaded bynishan_ravin
- chapter5b.pdfUploaded byNati A. Alemu
- Force MethodUploaded byAwan Mi
- shear force and bending moment diagrams.pdfUploaded byCholan Pillai
- Deflection NptelUploaded byhari
- 1.2_Beams_with_Uniform_Load_and_End_Moments.pdfUploaded bydaidzic
- 1.2_Beams_with_Uniform_Load_and_End_Moments.pdfUploaded byfabricio88
- 1.2_Beams_with_Uniform_Load_and_End_Moments.pdfUploaded byAngel E. German
- 1.2_Beams_with_Uniform_Load_and_End_Moments.pdfUploaded byAlex Stanca
- 1.2_Beams_with_Uniform_Load_and_End_Moments.pdfUploaded byAbdullah Chougrani
- sa-i.docxUploaded byMOhsin Ish
- qp-nov_2010-2-1-ae-fsmUploaded byLata Sharma
- outcome1 t1Uploaded bymtarequeali5836
- MEMB123 S3 2011_2012 final.docUploaded byMohd Aizat Nasir

- Code of Ethics for EngineersUploaded bySyed Raziuddin
- Errors in HypermeshUploaded bySohanth Kumar
- 3773k116_thru-Wall Fitting for Drinking Potable WaterUploaded byJohn Cena
- Rubber Bumper With Unthreaded Hole, SBR, 1_ OD, 1-1_4_ High _ McMaster-CarrUploaded byJohn Cena
- Mold-Warranty-00629800-4Uploaded byJohn Cena
- 0213343 Rev RUploaded byJohn Cena
- 9781631262654_ch10Uploaded byJohn Cena
- Trainingpart11 IgsUploaded byJohn Cena
- Training Part 10Uploaded byJohn Cena
- New Text DocumentUploaded byJohn Cena
- R-intsUploaded byJohn Cena
- R-langUploaded byJohn Cena
- R-introUploaded bybluedevil2790
- R-extsUploaded byJohn Cena
- NewsUploaded byJohn Cena
- edtgUploaded byJohn Cena
- Optimized Designs for Durability and FatigueUploaded byJohn Cena
- Rendering Tips11Uploaded byJohn Cena
- Rendering TipsUploaded byJohn Cena
- Bai Giang Ve Cong Nghe Chat DeoUploaded bytoanfbk
- Tutorials on Injection Mould Designing - GrabCADUploaded byJohn Cena
- A Designers Research ManualUploaded byJohn Cena
- 328Uploaded byAdityaDhanrajSingh
- Part and Mold Design Guide (2005)[1]Uploaded bynaitikpanchal
- Design Guide 7th 132305 REV02Uploaded byJohn Cena
- IJEDR1504036Uploaded byJohn Cena
- Session 08-3 Waste Statistics (UNSD)Uploaded byJohn Cena
- 5 Expert Tips for Designing Better Plastic PartsUploaded byJohn Cena
- Minimizing Casting Quality DefectsUploaded bySathiyaPrakash

- Hypersonic Glide Vehicle Design ConsderationsUploaded byIan M Mair
- Fan ManualUploaded bymajorgray3
- Basic Formulas for IntergrationUploaded bybhanuka2009
- Table Saw Sled for Precise Angled CutsUploaded byboon1961
- Heideggers Later Philosophy of ScienceUploaded bycervanteszetina
- MEYER HALBERSTANGEN - TRAP HIM IN HIS OWN ACTIONS -Uploaded byrwong003
- Package Rates Revised 01102010Uploaded byShivam Agarwal
- Blood Pressure - Old ReportUploaded byShakib Bin Mahmud Wcm
- GBPPR 'Zine - Issue #90Uploaded byGBPPR
- Corr.co2.Ind.petrol.Uploaded byMaria Jose Cuellar
- Wound ManualUploaded byArtemus Jonez
- Time ValueUploaded byKrisha Mae Ditan
- Some Aspects of Moral Theory in Kant and HabermasUploaded byreturncc
- Science Lab FinalUploaded byreshell
- scientific revolution, enlightenment, french revolutionUploaded byTamara Lewis
- Petrodat sisteme de masurare fluide periculoase.pdfUploaded byTutuianu C
- TJ 100 Turbojet EngineUploaded byDarigan194
- Evaluate the Efficiency of Gamma Irradiation and Chitosan on Shelf-Life of Strawberries FruitsUploaded byIJEAB Journal
- Temperate Deciduous ForestUploaded byAshley Ramos
- Migraine Patient HandoutUploaded bythiautami
- case group 2.pptxUploaded byditta
- 0.4 POGIL_Plant HormonesUploaded byJackie Chang
- SimovertUploaded byRoberto Rizaldy
- atomic bomb sources 2014Uploaded byapi-273006303
- Mpc Tokheim 162 Installation GuideUploaded bytlatoani77
- Sexuality Today 11th Edition by Kelly Solution ManualUploaded byrodilnger
- Sprinkler System ComponentsUploaded byjosediaz141
- 04 RA41204EN30GLA0 Radio Propagation Fundamentals v03Uploaded bybakirousca
- FA13-ALL-CLASSES.rtfUploaded bysyeda zee
- Blood pressure.pptxUploaded byArpit Tufan