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3] NetBIOS Sessions
The NetBIOS session service provides a connection-oriented, reliable, full-duplex message service to a user process. NetBIOS requires one process to be the client and the other to be the server. NetBIOS session establishment requires a preordained cooperation between the two stations. One application must have issued a Listen command when another application issues a Call command. The Listen command references a name in its NetBIOS name table (or WINS server), and also the remote name an application must use to qualify as a session partner. If the receiver (listener) is not already listening, the Call will be unsuccessful. If the call is successful, each application receives notification of session establishment with the session-id. The Send and Receive commands the transfer data. At the end of a session, either application can issue a Hang-Up command. There is no real flow control for the session service because it is assumed a LAN is fast enough to carry the required traffic.
[1.0.4] NetBIOS Datagrams
Datagrams can be sent to a specific name, sent to all members of a group, or broadcast to the entire LAN. As with other datagram services, the NetBIOS datagrams are connectionless and unreliable. The Send_Datagram command requires the caller to specify the name of the destination. If the destination is a group name, then every member of the group receives the datagram. The caller of the Receive_Datagram command must specify the local name for which it wants to receive datagrams. The Receive_Datagram command also returns the name of the sender, in addition to the actual datagram data. If NetBIOS receives a datagram, but there are no Receive_Datagram commands pending, then the datagram is discarded.
The Send_Broadcast_Datagram command sends the message to every NetBIOS system on the local network. When a broadcast datagram is received by a NetBIOS node, every process that has issued a Receive_Broadcast_Datagram command receives the datagram. If none of these commands are outstanding when the broadcast datagram is received, the datagram is discarded.
not the protocol itself. Most NetBIOS implementations for TCP/IP accomplish name address resolution by using either broadcast or LMHOSTS files. [1. This is usually accomplished by converting a node or service name to a network address (name resolution). The transport layer driver frequently used by Microsofts LAN Manager. This protocol runs over the standard 802. The NetBIOS specification defines an interface to the network protocol used to reach those services. you would probably also use a NetBIOS Namer Server known as WINS. NetBEUI implements the OSI LLC2 protocol. It formalizes the transport frame that was never standardized in NetBIOS and adds additional functions. but the two are different. The association of the interface and the protocol has sometimes caused confusion. NetBEUI is the original PC networking protocol and interface designed by IBM for the LanManger Server.2 data-link protocol layer. In a Microsoft enviroment. NetBIOS service names must be resolved to an IP address before connections can be established with TCP/IP.5] NetBEUI Explained NetBEUI is an enhanced version of the NetBIOS protocol used by network operating systems.NetBIOS enables an application to establish a session with another device and lets the network redirector and transaction protocols pass a request to and from another machine. NetBIOS does not actually manipulate the data.0. [1. Historically. This protocol was later adopted by Microsoft for their networking products.0. Network protocols always provide at least one method for locating and connecting to a particular service on a network. It specifies the way that higher level software sends and receives messages over the NetBIOS frame protocol.6] NetBIOS Scopes . has been paired with a network protocol called NetBEUI (network extended user interface).
2.2. The Scope ID becomes a part of the NetBIOS name. When it comes to security and the compromise of security on an NT network. making it a deadly protocol in the eyes of security conscience people. the registry. [1.A NetBIOS Scope ID provides an extended naming service for the NetBIOS over TCP/IP (Known as NBT) module. Well I hope I have already answered the NetBIOS question with the section above. and NetBIOS over TCP/IP (or NBT).X. WintNT and OS/2. The NetBIOS scope ID is a character string that is appended to the NetBIOS name. the one thing to remember about SMBs is that it allows for remote access to shared directories.0] Preface to SMB's The reason I decided to write this section was because recently the rhino9 team has been giving speeches and lectures. or the two hosts will not be able to communicate. The primary purpose of a NetBIOS scope ID is to isolate NetBIOS traffic on a single network to only those nodes with the same NetBIOS scope ID. [1. making the name unique. Win95. and other system services. SMB's are a higher level protocol that can be transported over NetBEUI. The NetBIOS scope ID on two hosts must match. SMBs are used by Windows 3. The NetBIOS Scope ID also allows computers to use the same computer namee as they have different scope IDs. NetBIOS over IPX.1] What are SMB's? Server Message Blocks are a type of "messaging protocol" that LAN Manager (and NT) clients and servers use to communicate with each other. This particular section is being written to better help people understand SMB's. . The two questions we most frequently come across is "What is NetBIOS?" and "What are SMBs?".
and then jointly developed by Microsoft and IBM. Network requests that are sent using SMB's are encoded as Network Control Blocks (NCB) data structures.The SMB protocol was originally developed by IBM. The NCB data structures are encoded in SMB format for transmission across the network. SMB is used in many Microsoft and IBM networking software: * MS-Net * IBM PC Network * IBM LAN Server * MS LAN Manager * LAN Manager for Unix * DEC Pathworks * MS Windows for Workgroups * Ungermann-Bass Net/1 * NT Networks through support for LAN Manager SMB Messages can be categorized into four types: .
2. and to obtain the status of remote print devices. Printer: Used by the Redirector to send print data to a remote printer or queue. [1. (The redirector is explained below) File: Used to access and manipulate file system resources on the remote computer.2] The Redirector .Session Control: Used to establish or discontinue Redirector connections with a remote network resource such as a directory or printer. Message: Used by applications and system components to send unicast or broadcast messages.