Prepositions - Prepozitii Prepozitia (Preposition) este o parte de vorbire neflexibila (fixa) care descrie legatura dintre doua cuvinte

din aceeasi propozitie. Prepozitiile nu au un inteles de sine statator, ele capata diferie sensuri puse in legatura cu alte cuvinte. Cateva exemple de observare a prepozitiilor (cuvintele evidentiate): You can sit before the desk. - Puteti să stati în faţa biroului. He can bump into the table. - El se poate lovi in masa. The bird flies toward the tree. - Pasarea zboara spre pom. I sit on the armchair. - Eu stau pe fotoliu. - Verbe precedate de prepozitii iau forma în "-ing". He's good at remembering people’s names. - El isi aminteste cu usurinta numele oamenilor. Exceptii: but si except sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt. They did nothing but laugh. - N-au facut nimic (altceva) decât sa râda. De retinut: In limba engleza nu se va termina niciodata o propozitie cu o prepozitie. 1. Prepozitii de loc: at, on, in At se foloseste cu adrese exacte. James lives at 78 English Street in London. - James locueste la nr. 78, Strada English in Londra. On desemneaza numele de strazi, sosele, bulevarde, alei, etc. Her house is on Camp Street. - Casa ei e pe strada Camp. In se foloseste cu numele regiunilor (orase, judete, tari, state, continente). She lives in Braila. - Ea locuieste in Braila. Braila is in Romania - Braila e in romania. 2. Prepozitii de timp: at, on, in At se foloseste pentru a desemna ora exacta. The teacher is leaving at 5:15 p.m. - Profesorul pleaca la 5:15 p.m. On indica zilele si datele calendaristice. My brother is coming on Monday. - Fratele meu vine luni. We're having a training on the Fourth of October. - Avem un antrenament pe patru octombrie. In se foloseste pentru a desemna ore imprecise din timpul zilei, cat si luna, anotimpul, anul. She likes to jog in the morning. - Ei ii place sa alerge (sa faca jogging) dimineata. It's too cold in winter to run outside. - E prea frig iarna ca sa alergi afara. He started the english course in 2010. - El a inceput cursul de engleza in anul 2010. He's going to come in August. - El are de gand sa vina in august. 3. Prepozitii de timp: for si since For se foloseste atunci cand se masoara timpul (secunde, minute, ore, zile, luni, ani).

dorinţa de fondness for . .credinta in concern for .gradul de conştientizare a belief in .toleranţă pentru grasp of .a renunta grow up .interes in love of .interesat jealous of . Acestea doua prepozitii sunt doar variantele ortografice ale aceluiasi cuvant si se pot folosi indiferent.a apartine [cuiva] bring up . This is a big step towards the project's completion.furios la aware of . adjective si mai ales verbe se folosesc corect numai insotite de prepozitiile care le intregesc sensul. .Amandoi au iesit afara.a intreba despre ask for . They were walking to work together.a se pregati . .imi pare rau Verbe apologize for .a privi in sus make up . adjective si verbe Numeroase substantive. outside.mandru de similar to . Grandma went upstairs Grandpa went home.fericit in legatura cu interested in .Bunica sa dus la etaj bunicul a plecat acasa.a cauta [ceva] look forward to .Ea a trait acolo sapte ani. downstairs.familiarizat cu happy about .speranta pentru interest in .El si-a ţinut respiraţia timp de şapte minute.ura fata de hope for . nu se folosesc prepozitii.neatent la /cu familiar with . a prepara pay for .dragostea de need for . inside.a cere [ceva] belong to .necesitatea /nevoia de a Adjective afraid of . downtown.He held his breath for seven minutes.Ea statea in camera de asteptare de la sase-treizeci.stapanire de hatred of . .casatorit /a cu proud of .constient de capable of . .confuzie cu privire la desire for .preocuparea pentru confusion about . He's worked here since 1976.a plati pentru prepare for . She's been sitting in the waiting room since six-thirty.El a lucrat aici din anul 1976.gelos made of . She's going to the dentist's office this morning.a afla give up . .asemanator cu sorry for .Acesta este un mare pas spre finalizarea proiectului. We're moving toward the light. uptown.a creste look for . miscarea catre un loc. Prepozitii de miscare: to si lipsa prepozitiei To se foloseste pentru a exprima deplasarea. 4. Prepozitii cu substantive. . .a astepta cu nerabdare sa look up .a aduce care for . upstairs. Prepozitii si: Substantive approval of . . They both went outside. a nascoci.aprobarea awareness of . Since se foloseste cu data sau ora exacta. Toward si towards exprima de asemenea miscarea spre ceva.Ne miscam spre lumina.a alcatui.Ea se duce la dentist (cabinetul dentistului) in dimineata asta. She's lived there for seven years.capabil sa careless about . Cu urmatoarele cuvinte: home.a avea grija de find out .frica de angry at .facut /fabricat in (din) married to . . 5.a cere scuze (iertare) pentru ask about .Ei mergeau la (spre) munca impreuna.

respectul pentru success in . .în fata gradinii 7. She wouldn't let the cat inside of the house.Ea sa întâlnit cu noul antrenor pe hol.a lucra pentru / in legatura cu worry about . Observati urmatoarele exemple: She met up with the new coach in the hallway.dupa parerea mea beyond control .e cel mai înalt din clas outside the garden . a-si face griji pentru .a (se) gandi la de) trust in . (sau folositi "in") .pe terenul de sport in the sky .în prezent at the some time .a privi pe fereastra to get in through the window .a merge în calatorie / în vacanta to go (out) for a walk . Where did they go to? .dupa ceasul meu by heart .Combinatia dintre verbe si prepozitii se numeste verb frazal.în acest moment at last .în acelasi timp at this moment .a intra pe fereastr he`s the tallest in the class .a fi ingrijorat de..participation in .în sfârsit in a year`s time .pe strada in the playground .la soare in the open air . .Unde s-au dus ei? .sigur de talk about . in all probability . pe dinafara by mistake . Unele dintre acestea sunt: in the street (Engl..Ea nu ar lasa pisica in casa.a vorbi despre tired of .intelegerea pentru pentru .a invata pentru sure of . formand expresii idiomatice.. Prepozitii inutile In vorbirea de zi cu zi se folosesc incorect prepozitii acolo unde ele nu isi au rostul.pe de rost. 6.la aer curat on the way to . .motiv pentru respect for .a merge la plimare lo look out of the window .participarea la reason for .independent de vointa .a avea incredere in worried about . The book fell off of the desk. americ.on the stret) .ingrijorat de work for . Aceeasi prepozitie poate implica frazelor din care face parte un inteles diferit de cel obisnuit.dupa toate probabilitatile by my watch . He threw the book out of the window.obosit de (satul think about . .dupa colt at present .la etajul 1 round the corner . study for ..peste un an in my opinion .din greseala to go on a trip / on holiday . Expresii idiomatice cu prepozitii Între folosirea prepozitiilor în limba engleza si limba româna exista numeroase diferente.Cartea a cazut de pe birou.în drum spre on the 1st floor .pe cer in the sun .El a aruncat cartea pe fereastră.succes in understanding of .

and then his feet are under the desk or beneath the desk. between the desk and you. He can stand beside the desk (meaning next to the desk). We're having a party on the Fourth of July. In limba engleza nu se va termina niciodata o propozitie cu o prepozitie. .1. Where is your college at? . sometimes you wonder about the desk. bythe desk. and if he could live withoutthe desk.2. Prepozitii de timp: at. he can bump into the desk or try to walk through the desk (and stuff would falloff the desk).: The train is due at 12:15 p.: My brother is coming on Monday. (se va folosi "behind") . Sa observam catedra profesorului si multitudinea de prepozitii pe care le putem folosi pentru a o descrie: You can sit before the desk (or in front of the desk). before the desk. Passing his hands over the desk or resting his elbows uponthe desk. The professor can siton the desk (when he's being informal) or behind the desk. or even on the desk (if he's really strange). what's in the desk.m. On indica zilele si datele calendaristice Ex. Cuvintele evidentiate sunt toate prepozitii. You can walk toward the desk.Unde este colegiul dumneavoastra? 10. Prepozitia 10. in At se foloseste pentru a desemna ora exacta Ex. around the desk. what he paid for the desk. Introducere Prepozitia descrie legatura dintre doua cuvinte din aceeasi propozitie. and even past the desk while he sits at the desk or leansagainst the desk. he often looks across the desk and speaks of the desk orconcerning the desk as if there were nothing else like the desk. 10.Put the lamp in back of the couch. on. If he's clumsy. Prepozitiile nu au un inteles de sine statator. ele capata diferie sensuri puse in legatura cu alte cuvinte. Because he thinks of nothing except the desk. to the desk.Pune lampa în spatele canapelei.

tari.: She likes to jog in the morning. 10. Prepozitii de loc: in. state. He's going to quit in August.: Grammar English lives at 55 Boretz Road in Durham. bulevarde. on si lipsa prepozitiei lipsa prepozitiei IN AT ON the bed* (the) bed* the bed room the car (the) class* the library* school* class* home the library* school* work the ceiling the floor the the plane the train * In diverse circumstante se pot folosi prepozitii diferite pentru aceste locuri. Ex. in At se foloseste cu adrese exacte. at. 10. anul. On desemneaza numele de strazi.3.2. In se foloseste cu numele regiunilor (orase. judete. Durham is in Windham County.: She lives in Durham. etc. continente). alei.In se foloseste pentru a desemna ore imprecise din timpul zilei. Windham County is in Connecticut. cat si luna. Ex. Ex. sosele. Prepozitii de miscare: to si lipsa prepozitiei downstairs downtown inside outside upstairs uptown the office horse . anotimpul. It's too cold in winter to run outside. Prepozitii de loc: at. Ex. on. He started the job in 1971.: Her house is on Boretz Road.

Acestea doua sunt doar variantele ortografice ale aceluiasi cuvant si se pot folosi indiferent. downtown. adjective si verbe Numeroase substantive. upstairs. She's lived there for seven years. Prepozitii cu substantive.4. Cu urmatoarele cuvinte: home. Ex.: They were driving to work together. nu se folosesc prepozitii. Ex. downstairs. This is a big step towards the project's completion. Ex.: We're moving toward the light. minute. ani). miscarea catre un loc.: Grandma went upstairs Grandpa went home.To se foloseste pentru a exprima deplasarea. The British and Irish have been quarreling for seven centuries. uptown. She's going to the dentist's office this morning. Toward si towards exprima de asemenea miscarea. Prepozitii de timp: for si since For se foloseste atunci cand se masoara timpul (secunde. inside.: He's worked here since 1970. They both went outside. Since se foloseste cu data sau ora exacta. Ex. ore. zile.5.: He held his breath for seven minutes. She's been sitting in the waiting room since two-thirty. SUBSTANTIVELE si PREPOZITIILE approval of awareness of belief in concern for fondness for grasp of hatred of hope for need for participation in reason for respect for . adjective si mai ales verbe se folosesc corect numai insotite de prepozitiile care le intregesc sensul. 10. 10. outside. luni. Ex.

7. on a street. on a price. for or against a proposition compare to to show likenesses. Expresii idiomatice cu prepozitii • • • agree to a proposal. 10.Verbe frazale).6. in principle argue about a matter. with other people • • • 10. with a person live at an address. with a person. with a person differ from an unlike thing.confusion about desire for ADJECTIVELE si PREPOZITIILE afraid of angry at aware of capable of careless about familiar with VERBELE si PREPOZITIILE apologize for ask about ask for belong to bring up care for find out interest in love of success in understanding of fond of happy about interested in jealous of made of married to proud of similar to sorry for sure of tired of worried about give up grow up look for look up make up pay for prepare for study for talk about trust in work for worry about look forward to think about Combinatia dintre verbe si prepozitii se numeste verb frazal (vezi6. with to show differences (sometimes similarities) correspond to a thing. Observa urmatoarele exemple: Ex.4. with a person.: She met up with the new coach in the hallway. . Prepozitii inutile In vorbirea de zi cu zi se folosesc incorect prepozitii acolo unde ele nu isi au rostul. in a house or city.

(se va folosi "behind") Where is your college at? . (sau folositi "in") Where did they go to? Put the lamp in back of the couch.The book fell off of the desk. She wouldn't let the cat inside of the house. He threw the book out of the window.

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