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PENTAKSIRAN DIAGNOSTIK AKADEMIK SBP SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2013 MATAPELAJARAN: FIZIK SKEMA JAWAPAN KERTAS 2

No 1 Answer (a) (b) (c) (d) length Tail to measure depth 0.42 cm Total Marks 1 1 1 1 Total

No 2

(a) (b)

(c)

Answer Product of an applied force and displacement / distance //Force X distance W=FXS M1 = 110 x0.5 M2 = 55 J / Nm F = ma M1 110 100 = 10 (a) M2 10 = 10 a a = 1 ms-2 Total

Marks 1 1 1

Total 1 2

2 1 1 5

No 3

Answer (a) (b) (c) (i) (ii) Thermionic emission Uniform acceleration VP = 4 V T = 3 x 0.02 = 0.06 s f = 16.7 Hz Sinusoidal with one complete cycle

Marks 1 1 1 1

Total

(iii)

Total

No 4

(a) (b)

(c)

Answer The amount of heat energy required to increase the the temperature of 1kg mass by 10 C. Pt = mc c = 48(900) 60 = 720 J kg-1 0C-1 M1 Land has a smaller specific heat capacity than sea // Land faster increase in temperature // Land is warmer than the sea M2 Air above the land is heated up and rises M3 Cooler air from the sea moves towards the land Or diagram

Marks 1 2

Total 1 2

1 1

(d)

M1 Label Sea(cold), Land (Hot) M2 Show Hot air on land rises up M3 Show Cold air moves towards the sea Sea breeze

1 7 Total

No 5 (a)(i) (ii)

Answer Spring balance reading: diagram 5.1 > 5.2 Buoyant force / Upthrust

Marks 1 1

(b)(i) (ii) (iii) (c)(i)

Spring balance reading: diagram 5.3 > 5.2 Density of water > density of oil As density of liquid increases, buoyant force increases pressure at Y > pressure at X // vice versa // Y is at greater depth than X // pressure is directly proportional to depth. Buoyant force = (Difference in pressure) x A Total

1 1 1 1 1 1 3 8 3

(ii)

No 6

(a) (b)

Answer Longitudinal waves // Mechanical wave 1. Loud sound - when antinodes/crest/trough overlapped/meet/encounter another antinodes/crest/trough, a constructive interference occur 2. Soft sound when nodes/crest/trough overlapped/meet/encounter another nodes/ trough, a destructive interference occur Diagram 6.1 > Diagram 6.2 // vice-versa Diagram 6.1 < Diagram 6.2 // vice-versa a M1 frequency// wavelength M2 amplitude M3 Distance between loud speaker and observer (Any two)

Marks 1 1

Total 1 2

1 1 1 1 1 3 2

8 No 7 Answer (a) (b) (i) Reflection Marks 1 1 1 1 Total 1 3

(ii) (c)

Virtual // Upright // Diminished 1. Aim the concave mirror to the sun 2. parallel ray from sun reflected and focus to F 3. amount of heat increases as all rays focus at F Max : 2 points 1. lens Q 2. f is smaller Use concave mirror Total

1 1 1

1 2

1 1 1

1 1 10

No. 8

(ii)

(c) (i) (ii)

(iii)

Answers When a potential difference of 9V is connected across the bulb, it will produce power of 20J per second. P = V/I 20W = 9V/I I = 20W/9V = 2.22A R = V/I = 9V/2.22A = 4.05 The more the thickness of the wire, the lower the loss of energy from the filament. Efficiency = Energy Output / Energy Input x 100% E Filament P = 15 x 100 % 20 = 75.00% E Filament Q = 28 x 100 % 30 = 93.33% E Filament R = 43 x 100 % 50 = 86.00% Filament Q has highest efficiency Total

Marks 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

2 2

1 1 1

5 2 12

No

Marks

Total

(a) (i)

Property of material that enable it to return to its original shape and size after an external force that acting on it is removed

(ii) Compression of the spring in Diagram 9.2(a) is higher than 9.1 (a) Distance moved by the trolley in Diagram 9.2 (b) is further than 9.1 (a) Elastic potential energy of the spring Diagram 9.2(a) is higher than 9.1 (a) The higher the compression, the further the distance moved by the trolley The bhigher the compression, the higher the elastic potential energy (b) The forces between atom are attractive force and repulsive force When the force is applied , the distance between atoms decreases The repulsive force is acted on the atoms When applied force is removed, repulsive force pushes the atoms back to original (c) Design Many springs (arranged in parallel) Strong material for frame // steel Low spring constant Nylon// polyethene// strong fabric Has net around / / bigger diameter of trampoline Reasons High elasticity

1 1

1 1

1 1 1

2 Not break easily // Not rust easily To get more extension 2 Does not tear easily 2 2 Prevent children from slipping to the floor 2 2

Total

20

No 10 (a)

Answer A magnetic field is a region in which a magnetic material will experience a magnetic force The number of turns of the coils shown in diagram 10.2 is greater than 10.1 The pattern of magnetic field in diagram 10.2 is denser than 10.1 The deflection of ammeter in diagram 10.2 is bigger than 10.1 The closer the pattern of magnetic field // the denser of magnetic field, the greater the strength of the magnetic field. The strength of the magnetic field increase when the number of turns of coils increase 1. Repel each other 1. When current flows, magnetic field is form // Diagram 2. Direction of magnetic field at the centre is the same // Magnitude of magnetic field is stronger at the centre // Diagram 3. Two forces produced is in opposite direction // Diagram

Mark 1

Total 1

(b)

1 1 1

(c)

1 1 2

1 1 1

1 3

Force

Force

(e)

Modification More number of turn for the coil/ Has commutator

Explanation Increase the strength of magnetic field // increase the speed of motor To reverse the current flow in the coil // ensure core
6

1,1

rotate in one direction Brush Semicircular magnet // curved magnet Soft iron core Enable current flow through the coil To produce radial magnetic field

1,1

1,1 Concentrate the magnetic field. 10 Total 20

11

(a) (b)

(c)

(d) (i)

(ii)

Archimedes Principle states that the buoyant force is equal to the weight of fluid displaced. 1.Density of air decreases as altitude increases 2.Bouyant force become smaller 3.At certain height, weight of displaced air equal to weight of the balloon. 4.Net force zero Characteristics Explanation Fiber composite Light and strong Bigger volume High buoyant force The distance between Can carry more load plimsoll line from the surface of the sea is high Bigger size of the To produce greater propeller forward thrust Q is chosen the body is made from fibre composite, volume is bigger, the distance between plimsoll line from the surface of the sea is higher and bigger size of the propeller F = gv = 1020 10 5 = 51000 N Total weight 15000 + W = 51000 N W = 36000 N
7

1 1 1 1 1 2 2

1 4

10

1 1 1 1 1

Total

20

No 12 (a)

Answer Cosmic ray// radiation from surrounding //radioactive materials from earth// leakage of radioactive from nuclear power plant

Marks

Total

(b)(i) (ii)

Alpha 1. The ray ionises the air molecule 2. Negative ions attracted to the plate 3. Neutralised the electroscope

1 1 1 1

1 3

(c)

Characteristics Liquid Short half life Gamma Ray

Reasoning Easy to flow with blood 2 Not long in the body // less harmful Cannot ionised the living cell // high penetrating power Can detect ray effectively// portable Because it is in liquid state , has short half life, emits gamma ray and can be detected easily detected by GM tube detector.
8

10

2 2

GM tube detector K is chosen

(d)(i)

(i) m = [235.04392 + 1.00867] [140.91963 + 92.92157 + 2(1.00867)] = [236.05259] [ 235.85854] = 0.19405u m = 0.19405 x 1.66 x 10 -27 = 0.0322 x 10
-27

1 1

= 3.22123 x 10-28 kg (ii) E = = = = mc 2 2 (3.22123 x 10-29) (3.0 x 10 8) 28.99107 x 10-12 2.899107 x 10 -11 J

1 1 2 20

Total