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# PENTAKSIRAN DIAGNOSTIK AKADEMIK SBP SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2013 MATAPELAJARAN: FIZIK SKEMA JAWAPAN KERTAS 3

## SECTION A No. 1 (a) (i) (ii) (iii) (b) Answer

Manipulated variable = Object distance, u // Image distance, v Responding variable = Image distance, v // M Constant variable = Thickness//focal length//power

Tabulate u, v and m correctly in the table. A Shows a table u,v and m. B State the correct unit of u, v and m. C At least 3 values of v are correct D All values of v are correct E At least 3 value of m are correct F All values of m are correct G State a consistent decimal place for u, v and m.
u/cm 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.9 7.1 v/cm 8.8 7.7 6.7 5.5 4.3

Mark 1 1 1 7

m
1.40 1.18 1.00 0.80 0.61

(c)

Draw the graph of v against m . A - Label y-axis and x-axis correctly B - States the unit at the axis correctly C - Both axes with the even and uniform scale: D - 5 points correctly plotted: E - a smooth best straight line F - minimum size of the graph is 5 x 4 squares of 2 x 2 cm. Draw the graph of v against m . A - Label y-axis and x-axis correctly B - States the unit at the axis correctly C - Both axes with the even and uniform scale: D - 5 points correctly plotted: E - a smooth best straight line F - minimum size of the graph is 5 x 4 squares of 2 x 2 cm. No of ticks Score 6 5 5 4 1

(d)

3-4 2 1 State the correct relationship based on the v is increasing linearly to m Answer
1 increases // I decreases I 1.0

3 2 1 candidates graph

5 1

No 2
(a)(i) (ii) (b)

TOTAL 16 Mark 1

1 Show a big on the graph to determine the gradient(5 x 4 blocks) 1 1 y y1 The correct 2 from the drawn 1 x x
2 1

m = 5.14A
(c)

(Ans + unit) 1 1 1

R=E(1) -r I E = gradient of the graph = 5.14 V // 5.14 A (d) Show line on graph to get 1/I 1/I =2.25 I = 0.44

(e)

1. The connection of the wires must be tight. 2. The circuit is switched off whenever the readings were not taken from the meters. This is to reduce energy loss from the cell. 3. The eye is perpendicular to the scale of ammeter // Pointers image is not seen on the mirror strip of ammeter. Max 1 mark Total

1 1 1 1

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SECTION B No 3 (a) Answer State the suitable inference The foot feels more painful when it is stepped on by an object that has smaller surface area // Pressure depend on surface area State a relevant hypothesis The smaller the surface area the greater the pressure State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between surface area and pressure. State the suitable manipulated variables and responding variable (Quantity that can be measured) MV - surface area RV - pressure/depth of depression State the constant variable CV Weight/force/mass State the complete list of apparatus and materials Plasticine, slotted weight , wooden rod and meter rule Draw the functional arrangement of the apparatus

Mark

(b) (c)

1 1

1 1

State the method to control the manipulated variable The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram. 1 Start the experiment with a wooden rod has surface area 1 cm . Placed the load of mass 200 g on the top of wooden rod as shown on diagram State the method to measure the responding variable Measure the depth of depression made on the plasticine 1 Repeat the experiment at least 4 times with the values Repeat the experiment 4 times with surface area of rod 2 cm2, 3 cm2 , 4 cm2 and 5cm2 (Note : Based on SPM standard , at least five manipulated values required.)
2

State how the data tabulated with the title MV and RV Surface area Depth 1 2 3 4 5 State how the data is analysed, plot a graph RV against MV

TOTAL MARK 4(a) State the suitable inference The brightness of the lamp increases when the speed of the magnet in the coils(solenoid) increases// Induced current depend on the speed of magnet State a relevant hypothesis The magnitude of the induced current increases when the speed of the magnet increases. State the aim of experiment To study the relationship between the speed of a magnet in a coil and the magnitude of the induced current. State the suitable manipulated variables and responding variable (Quantity that can be measured) Manipulated variables : the height of the magnet fall Responding variables : Deflection/ reading of the galvanometer State the constant variable strenght of the magnet / number of the turns in the coils. State the complete list of apparatus and materials Bar magnet, cardboard tube, galvanometer, insulated copper wire, retort stand and metre rule.

12 1

(b)

(c)

## Draw the functional arrangement of the apparatus

State the method to control the manipulated variable 1. Make a solenoid of 50 turns by winding an insulated copper wire round a cardboard tube. Connect the ends of the wire to a galvanometer. 2. Hold a small bar magnet at a height of h = 5 cm above the top end of the solenoid. State the method to measure the responding variable 3. Drop the magnet into the solenoid into the solenoid and record the deflection of the galvanometer as the induced current. Repeat the experiment at least 4 times with the values 4. Repeat the eksperiment by changing the height h to 10 cm, 15 cm, 20 cm , 25 cm and 30 cm. State how the data tabulated with the title MV and RV Height of the magnet,h Induced current I 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 State how the data is analysed, plot a graph RV against MV

TOTAL MARK

12

## 4c(viii) Tabulation of data: Number of turns of wire in secondary coil, N

Output voltage, V /V 1

No. of turns

TOTAL MARKS

12