D. Management Functions of the Nurse a. PLANNING functions i.

Definition *Planning refers to a process beginning with objectives; defining strategies, policies, and detailed plans to achieve them; achieving an organization to implement decisions, and including a review of performance and feedback to introduce a new planning style. * Planning is deciding in advance what to do, how to do it, when to do it, and who do it. * Planning id the process of analysing and understanding a system, formulating its goals and objectives, assessing its capabilities, designing alternative courses of action or plans for the purpose of achieving these goals and objectives, evaluating the actions effectiveness of these plans, choosing the preferred plan, initiating necessary for its implementation, and engaging in continuous surveillance of the system in order to arrive at an optimal relationship between the plan and the system. ii. Key Concepts 1. There are increasing opportunities for nurses to become involved in strategic planning for the delivery of health care services in their organization and communities. 2. The pivotal value of strategic planning id twofold. First, it is important that everyone has the same idea or vision of where the organization is headed; second, a good plan can help to ensure that the needed resources are available to carry out initiatives that have been identified as important to the unit or agency. iii. Purposes of Planning 1. Planning leads to success in achieving goals and objectives. 2. Planning gives meaning to work. 3. Planning provides for effective use of available personnel and facilities. 4. Planning helps in coping with crisis situations. 5. Planning is cost effective. 6. Planning is base on past and future, thus helping reduce the element of change. 7. Planning can be used to discover the need for change.

8. Planning is needed for effective control. iv. Characteristics 1. Planning is purposeful. 2. Planning is process oriented. 3. Planning is hierarchical in nature. 4. Planning is future directed. 5. Planning is multi-dimensional. v. Barriers 1. The organization can be more effective if movement within it is directed at specified goals and objectives. 2. Planning must be flexible and allow for readjustment as unexpected events occur. 3. The manager should include in the planning process people and units that could be affected by the course of action. vi. Elements/Components 1. Written statement of mission and purpose; 2. Philosophy; 3. Objectives; 4. Detailed management or operational plans

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful