1 Due Thursday, January 20th at the start of class 1. Very small particles moving in fluids are known to experience a drag force proportional to speed. Consider a particle of net weight W dropped in a fluid. The fluid experiences a drag force, FD = kV, where V is the particle speed. Determine the time required for the particle to accelerate from rest to 95 percent of its terminal speed, Vt, in terms of k, W and g. Hint: Start with a force balance! Also, think what a terminal velocity means in terms of time. (10 pts)
2. For each quantity listed, indicate dimensions using the MLTt system of dimensions. (7 pts) a) power b) modulus of elasticity c) angular momentum d) energy e) shear stress f) momentum g) specific heat
Note: they do not have to put units Im only looking for dimensions
3. NonNewtonian fluids are those for which the shearing stress, , is not linearly related to the rate of shearing strain, . Experimental data is shown below for such a fluid at 30o C: (N/m2) (s1) 0 0 10.3 50 31.2 100 90.3 150 154.8 200
Plot these data and fit it to an appropriate curve. What is the apparent viscosity when the rate of shearing strain is 120 s1? Compare this viscosity to water at the same temperature. (20 pts)
apparent
viscosity
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
y
=
0.0042x2

0.0585x
+
0.3429
R
=
0.99673
At = 120 s1, apparent = .95 Ns/m2 Water is 7.975 *104 at that temperature. The unknown fluid has a much larger value.
4. A Newtonian fluid having a SG of 0.84 and a kinematic viscosity of 3 X 104 m2/s flows past a fixed (stationary) surface. The velocity profile is shown below. Determine the magnitude and direction of the shearing stress developed on the plate in terms of U (m/s) and (m). (13 pts 10 for the magnitude, 3 for the direction)
5. An unknown immiscible liquid seeps into the bottom of an open tank. The specific gravity of the fluid is 1.34 and the depth of the oil (SG = .867) floating on the top is 6.0 m. A pressure gage connected to the bottom of the tank reads 85 kPa. What is the depth of the unknown liquid? (15 pts) Given
pbottom
swoil 6 + swu h
3
sg := 1.34
3
swu := sg 9.8 10
pbottom := 85 10
3
Find( h) 2.5906487968321657021