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Plans-Built 4 seat Canard Aircraft SHAREWARE AGREEMENT This electronic document is one of the documents, which together constitute the instructions to build an AeroCanard Aircraft. You are free to copy and distribute this document provided that you do not charge a fee for its distribution, you do not modify it in any way, and you include this shareware agreement with the distributed copy. You may download a complete set of documents representing all the chapters of the AeroCanard plans from http://aerocad2.com. If you received this document from another source it is advisable to check this web site for updates before commencing work on the project. The chapter documents contain all the instructions required to build either an AeroCanard or AeroCanard SB including a complete bill of materials, training in the methods and techniques needed, and detailed step-by-step descriptions of each stage of the construction. Reading these documents will give you a very good idea of the complexity and size of the project you are getting into. If you decide to proceed and build one of these beautiful highspeed 4 seat aircraft you will need the hardcopy drawings and templates, which are NOT shareware. The drawings and templates showing the exact dimensions and precise curves for the various parts may be purchased from http://aerocad2.com A common statement made by those who have completed and are now flying their own canard plans-built airplane is: “The only thing I regret is not starting sooner” What is an AeroCanard? The AeroCanard is a 4 seat canard type aircraft with a Lycoming LIO360 engine. It has a 1000-mile range and typically cruises at over 200 mph on less than 10 gallons per hour. The AeroCanard SB has a smaller body width at the rear seats. The plans include instructions for building either aircraft. There are literally thousands of canard aircraft similar to the AeroCanard flying all over world, and thousands more under construction. You can meet some of the people flying and building canards at http://canardaviationforum.dmt.net/ or at the many fly-in meetings held around the world. This highly efficient, fast, composite airplane can be built by one person in a garage or small workshop in as little as 18 months. All the training needed to master the techniques required is included in the instructions. What Does It Cost? The plans are free. You need the hard copy drawings and templates from http://aerocad2.com which, at the time of writing, are $199. This fee may change. While it is possible to save money with bulk purchases and some used parts, the costs to build are typically: Airframe: $15,000 Engine: $15,000 Avionics: $15,000 TOTAL: $45,000 Costs can be spread over the building period purchasing materials and parts to suit your own cash flow. Many builders construct canard airplanes in evenings and weekends over four or five years purchasing the inexpensive foam, fiberglass and epoxy materials as needed. Spread over five years the cost to own an AeroCanard can be as little as $750/month plus your labor. As the basic materials begin to take the form of an airplane, and confidence of success grows, additional funds are invested to obtain an engine and instruments. Where Can I Get Support? There is a free forum for the Canard Community at http://canardaviationforum.dmt.net/ which covers many of the questions and concerns of canard aircraft builders. A section of this forum is dedicated to discussions between AeroCanard builders. The designer of the AeroCanard, Jeff Russell, visits this forum regularly and will answer your building questions whenever possible. Direct one-on-one support may be purchased from http://aerocad2.com Where Do I Get the Materials? A complete bill of materials is included with the plans. A list of recommended suppliers can be found at http://AeroCad2.com. Can I get a Formal License to Build an AeroCanard? Absolutely. You will receive an official license to build and your unique serial number when you purchase the drawings and templates. You are not authorized to build an AeroCanard without obtaining a license. These shareware files are offered simply to let you discover what is involved in the project before you invest in it. Can I get a printed copy of the plans? Yes. Printed copies are available from HTTP://Aerocad2.com. You can also obtain a CD containing all the documents which constitute the AeroCanard and AeroCanard SB plans. Can I Really Do This? You bet you’re assumptions you can. Canard builders include carpenters, dentists, astronauts, nurses and even lawyers. You don ’t have to be a rocket scientist, but we do have one in case you need his advice. No special skills are required other than an unstoppable dete rmination to learn and complete the project. The reaction of most builders is that building an airplane isn’t as complex as they thought it would be. It is, in fact, a fun, extremely satisfying and life changing experience. For many, a most rewarding aspect of the experience is the new friends gained as a member of the canard community. Disclaimer of Warranty THESE PLANS ARE SUPPLIED “AS IS” AND WITHOUT WARRANTIES AS TO PERFORMANCE OF MERCHANTABILITY OR ANY OTHER WARRANTIES WHETHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. Because of the various capabilities of different builders, NO WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE IS OFFERED. The user assumes the entire risk of using these plans.
Chapter 12 Page 1 AeroCanard plans version 1.0 Copyright (C) 2000 All Rights Reserved
and using the #10 pilot holes in the lift tab. M-1 1) to get a good fit. this time setting it on .D. Correct as required.5). clamp the lift tabs. Center the canard. and then you will install alignment tabs on the canard to hold it in alignment. Grab two AN3-20 or AN3-20A bolts. and file a round nose on the unthreaded end (Fig. and clamp them against F-22 with a couple of C-clamps. Chapter 12 Page 2 AeroCanard plans version 1. Both dimensions should be the same. When the incidence is correct. and with the airfoil at the correct angle of incidence. and recheck level. You will probably find the incidence to be incorrect. and/or template G from M-1 8 (Fig. drill through F-22. and are correctly aligned (Fig. First. Now take a #10 drill. When these conditions have been achieved. FITTING ALIGNMENT PINS This step should take only ½ hour. Check that the canard is level with the fuselage (Fig. add shims between the appropriate lift tab and F-22 until they are. Put the top half of the firewall in place temporarily for this purpose.016 in.009 in. Now you will need to check the canard incidence using the contour templates E and F from M-1 7. and UND is . fore and aft and from side to side. M-1 1. remove them.CHAPTER 12 OVERVIEW CANARD INSTALLATION In this chapter you will fit the canard to the fuselage. 4). to make sure that it is straight and also level. replace the canard in the fuselage. Do not bond the pins in yet. Cover the front of the lift tabs with masking tape so you do not scratch them. but it only takes a couple of hours. 6). straight fore and aft and horizontal (Fig. flanged alignment bushings (2) CNL Canard attach bushings You will also need you canard contour templates E and F from large drawing M. Get your canard out of storage.0 Copyright (C) 2000 All Rights Reserved . You will need the following prefab parts in this chapter: (2) CN-2 3/16” I. measure the thickness of the shim behind one of the lift tabs (if you had to use a shim). and lay up glass of the same thickness as the shim (BID is . Then check the top of F-22. making sure the holes are parallel with the longitudinal axis of the fuselage.013 in. as shown on drwg. with no gaps. Temporarily install an AN3 bolt and wide area washer through the lift tab and F-22 to hold the canard in alignment. thick per layer.. Then drill a #10 hole in each of the longeron doublers about 1 -1 /2 in. You may need an assistant to help with the measurements. thick). Check for perpendicularity with the fuselage centerline by measuring from the canard tips to the centerline of the firewall (Fig. STEP 2.17. with cure times in between. and the incidence correct. squareness. you will drill pilot holes through the canard lift tabs and bulkhead F-22. 2). protrude ½ in. Check that the pins will slip into the holes. Mark the centerline of the canard and make sure it coincides with the centerline of the fuselage. thick aluminum shims all around to allow for 1 layer of BID and paint on top of F-22 and the fuselage sides later on. If not. perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the fuselage in plan view.e. aligning it so that it is level. The lifting force generated by the canard airfoil is transmitted to the fuselage through the lift tabs and F-22. and perpendicular to the fuselage centerline. 7). while the canard is held in alignment. and incidence. re-level F-22. i. 3). the canard level. make sure your fuselage is ABSOLUTELY LEVEL. being especially careful that the holes are drilled perpendicular to the lift tabs (Fig. If not. After cure. and have to remove some of the fuselage sides and taper the top of F-22 (drwg. you will install alignment pins in the longeron doublers at bulkhead F-28. If the elevators are installed. 1). Then. and set the canard in the fuselage with the lift tabs against F22. cut off the heads with a hack saw. dull the forward face of F-22 where the shim was used. STEP 1. ALIGNING THE CANARD This step may crowd your shop a little. You will remove the canard and open the pilot holes in F-22 to install bushings and nutplates so that the canard can be bolted to F-22. deep. The alignment pins serve only to hold the canard at the correct angle of incidence. remove the canard.
15). Then dull the bottom of the canard. That is the purpose of the offset. then through a 1/16 in. FITTING ELEVATORS & TORQUE TUBE TO FUSELAGE Install the elevators and spool piece on the canard. Insert the alignment pins through the alignment tabs into the doublers. clearance when the elevators are in the full trailing edge down position for filling and painting the fuselage side and laying up 1 ply of BID on the elevator inboard ends. The alignment pins will be installed permanently after the elevators are fitted. 14). STEP 3. Use a small piece of Saran wrap between F-28 and the tabs to prevent the flox from bonding to the tabs.. Remove the canard. After cure. Remove one AN3 bolt. Omit the top of F-22 at this time. Clark foam. or . after the additional layups on the forward face of F-22 are in place. 10). thick washer (spacer). 9). and lay up 4 plies of BID on the aft face of the tab extending 1 . Chapter 12 Page 3 AeroCanard plans version 1. epoxy. clearance.1 in. holes in F-22 will have to be opened up to 5/8 in. Reposition the canard in the fuselage. dull the top of the canard ahead of the tabs. drill the # 10 hole through the 4 ply layup using the hole in the tab as a pilot (Fig.0 Copyright (C) 2000 All Rights Reserved . and open the hole in the alignment tabs to ¼”. Switch to a ¼ in.2 in. and then into the hole in the doubler (Fig. 8 from either . onto the canard (Fig. onto the canard. You can fashion a filler piece to fit between the canard and the torque tube offset. carefully remove the alignment pins. Install 1 ply BID over the top of the fuselage side up over the longeron and doubler (Fig. open up the hole to ¼ in. thick 18 lb.Now make two alignment tabs as shown in Fig. and insert an AN4 bolt. birch plywood. Trim them just long enough so they touch the canard when the hole through the tab lines up with the hole through the longeron doublers. 12). Then insert the alignment pin through the tab. and the AN3 bolts through the lift tabs into F-22. Install the CN-2 bushings in the tabs with 5-min. open up the 3/16” holes into the doublers to ¼”. to install the CNL bushings. install the alignment pins permanently in the doublers with flox. epoxy (Fig. Then remove the canard. no more (Fig. Allow at least 1/8 in.1 /2 in.25 in. there will be no open hole in the side of the fuselage to cause a draft of cold air. so that when the canard is installed. You may have to remove some of the fuselage side for clearance with the torque tube offset. and when correct. 13). radius the comer. Remove the other AN3 bolt and open up that hole to ¼ in. The ¼ in. After cure. After it is hard. You will find it necessary to trim the inboard ends of the elevators to eliminate the interference with the fuselage (Fig. and lay up 5 plies of BID over the forward face of the tab and 11 /2 in. epoxy the tabs to the canard with 5-min.11). Recheck the incidence. and reinstall the canard with ¼” bolts through the lift tabs to hold it in alignment until the flox cures. however it will be better to do this in chapter 13. After cure. Allow 0. drill. remove the canard and drill the #10 hole through the 5 ply layup using the hole in the tab as a pilot.
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