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Worksheet 7.

1
WORLD ISSUES

Match the pictures with the words in the box. Remember that it is
very important to know how to pronounce the words.

Animal rights

The environment

War

The developing world

Immigration

Genetic engineering

Terrorism

Disease
Worksheet 7.2

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Our planet is in danger: ECOLOGY is the science which studies the relationship between
organisms and their environment. This science studies problems, situations and solutions
such as:

GLOBAL WARMING
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
DEFORESTATION
OZONE LAYER
RECYCLING
POLLUTION
NUCLEAR ENERGY AND WASTE

Choose one of these topics and prepare a Science lesson to tell your classmates about the
issue you have chosen. Follow the following steps:
1. Definition
2. Photographs
3. Present situation
4. Future
5. Personal opinion
Worksheet 7.3

EXERCISES “WILL”

1. Make predictions about life in 2040. Write sentences using will or won’t.

1. The earth / be / very polluted

2. The north pole / exist

3. Summers / be / hotter

4. It / rain / more than now

5. Cars / be / electric

2. Complete the predictions about Sofia’s future. Use will or won’t.

Home: La Zarzuela
Family: Boyfriend
Job: Journalist
Hobby: Traveling
Pets: 3 dogs

1. Sofia ……………………………………. in La Zarzuela.


2. She ………………………….….………. in the USA.
3. She …………………….…….…………. a boyfriend.
4. She ………………………..……………. two children.
4. She …………………….…..…………… a doctor.
5. She ……………………………………… surfing.
6. She ……………………………….…….. have a cat.
7. She ………………………………….….. have three dogs.

3. Look at the weather forecast for tomorrow in Spain and answer the
questions about it. Use short answers.
Worksheet 7.3
1. Will it rain tomorrow in the north west of the country?

2. Will it be sunny tomorrow in Catalunya?

3. Will it be stormy tomorrow in the centre of the country?

4. Will it snow in southern Spain tomorrow?

5. Will it be sunny in Mallorca tomorrow?

4. Now look at the weather forecast for tomorrow in Europe and write
questions about it. Then answer the questions.

1. Rain / England

2. Sunny / Italy

3. Snow / northern Europe

4. Sunny / Eastern Europe

5. Cloudy / France
Worksheet 7.4

EXERCISES “GOING TO”

1. Sarah is very worried about climate change. Look at the things she has
decided to do. Write sentences using going to.

1. Turn off the lights when I leave a room.


2. Recycle paper, cardboard, bottles, cans, and
plastic.
3. Try to walk, cycle or use public transport instead of
driving.
4. Try to avoid traveling by plane

1.

2.

3.

4.

2. In London High School they are organizing a talent show to get money
for “Children in Need”. Write sentences using the affirmative or negative
form of going to.

Mr Morris: Introduce the performers.


Mrs Grace: Sing a Britney Spears song.
Liam and Sally: Perform an Irish dance.
Fiona: Tell some jokes.
Dan: Play the guitar.
Billy, Kyle and Tim: Operate the sound equipment.
Harry: Check the tickets.
Sam and Clare: Sell drinks.

Example:
Mr Morris / sing
Mr Morries isn’t going to sing.

1. Mrs Grace / play the piano


_______________________________________________________________
2. Liam and Sally / perform an Irish dance
_______________________________________________________________
3. Fiona / tell some jokes
_______________________________________________________________
4. Dan / introduce the performers
_______________________________________________________________
5. Billy, Kyle and Tim / dance
_______________________________________________________________
6. Harry / check the tickets
_______________________________________________________________
7. Sam and Clare / sell food
_______________________________________________________________

3. Match the questions with the short answers.

INTERROGATIVE SHORT ANSWERS


Are you going to sing? Yes, he is.
Is your brother going to cook dinner? No, we aren’t.
Are we going to go out? Yes, they are.
Are they going to dance? No, I’m not.

3. Complete the dialogue with the correct form of going to.

Sam Are you going to take part (you / take part) in


Children in Need this year?
Judy Yes, I am. My brother and I
__________________ (cycle) from London to
Edinburgh.
Sam _______________________ (you / go) with a
group?
Judy Yes, we are. Mr Dawson is organizing
everything.
Sam How many people
_______________________ (do) it?
Judy About ten.
Sam Really? When ____________________ (It /
happen)?
Judy In November.
Sam How long __________________ (it / take)?
Judy About for days.
Sam Where _____________________ (you / stay?
Judy In youth hostels. Why don’t you come?
Sam Oh, I can’t. I haven’t got a very good bike.
Judy No problem. We
________________________ (hire) bikes.
Sam Oh, I see.
Judy Great! I’ll give your name to Mr Dawson.
Worksheet 7.5
EXERCISES WILL & GOING TO

1. In London High School, they have been analyzing the problem of


climate change. Look at the predictions they have made and the plans
they have for the future. Choose the correct form of the verb, will or going
to.

Our predictions
The climate of the world is
changing because the air has a
lot of pollution. We predict that
temperatures are going to
increase / will increase in the
next years and this is going to
cause / will cause very serious
problems. One possibility is that
deserts are going to be / will be
bigger. Our plans to help the planet
We have learnt about global
warming at school and we have
planned a project for next term.
We are going to try / will try to
save energy and we are going to
recycle / will recycle paper and
cans. We are going to make / will
make posters for people to know
about the problem.

2. Choose the correct answer for each sentence.

1. The population of Valencia ………………… reach 2 million by 2010.


a) is going to b) are going to c) will d) was

2. Look at that big black cloud. I think ………………………… rain.


a) will b) it will c) it is going to d) he is going to

3. “Tomorrow it ……………….. be a bright sunny day” said the weatherwoman.


a) will be b) is going to be c) is d) it is

4. My grandmother ……………………… live until 100. She is very healthy.


a) is going to b) am going to c) will d) will going to

5. I have got a plan. I ………………… to go cycling everywhere to save energy.


a) will b) wills c) am going to d) are going to
Worksheet 7.5
3. Look at George and Emma talking. Complete the dialogue using will or
going to. Then answer the questions below.

George Have you seen this article on global warming?


Scientists predict that lots of places
………………………… (be) underwater next
century.
Emma Next century? I ……………………….. (not be)
alive then!
George Is that a plan?
Emma No, it isn’t. I plan to live a very long time. I
………………….. (eat) a healthy diet, I
…………………….. (exercise) every day and I
……………………. (not smoke) – but the next
century is a long time in the future. I’m sure I
……………………… (not survive) that long!
George Maybe not, experts think that global warming
problems …………………. very soon. There
………………………. (be) a lot of new
illnesses.
Emma That’s scary! OK, I’ve changed my plans. I
……………………… (live) in Scotland, and I
…………………….. (not visit) the
Mediterranean. I think that I
……………………… (go) to Norway for my
holidays.

1. What is the topic of their conversation?

2. How is Emma planning to live for a long time?

3. What consequences will global warming have?

4. Will global warming affect us very soon?

5. How do Emma’s plans change after the conversation with George?


Worksheet 7.6

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHYIC VIDEO:


global warming awareness
PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
Read the following words related to NATURAL DISASTERS and match them with the
corresponding picture:
Earthquake Flood Tsunami
Drought Hurricane Volcano

How do you say these words in Catalan?


ENGLISH CATALAN

Earthquake → …………………………..

Flood → …………………………..

Tsunami → …………………………..

Drought → …………………………..

Hurricane → …………………………..

Volcano → …………………………..

Look for the notes you made on session 3 about:

Global warming

Greenhouse effect

Before watching the video, make sure that you know about…

Fahrenheit Degrees
Worksheet 7.6
WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES

The following sentences are false. Correct them according to the information given in the
video:

1. Earth’s climate is not cyclic.

2. The greenhouse effect begins in the sea.

3. 1992 was the warmest year measured in history.

4. Researchers predict that temperatures will have risen between 10 and 20 degrees
Fahrenheit at the end of the century.

5. There is no way in which we can help stop global warming.

Answer the following questions about the video:

1. How many degrees Fahrenheit has the temperature risen over the last centuries?

2. What’s the main cause of this rise?

3. Is there evidence for global warming’s existence? If so, mention at least one piece.

4. What’s the second warmest year in measured history?

5. In the video they mention five possible consequences of global warming. Which are
they?

1. ______________________________________________________________

2. ______________________________________________________________

3. ______________________________________________________________

4. ______________________________________________________________

5. ______________________________________________________________

Convert the temperatures which appear in the video from Fahrenheit degrees into Celsius
degrees:

1.2 º F = __________ ºC 2 º F = _________ º C

1.4 º F = __________ º C 10 º F = ________ º C

Which of the natural disasters learnt in exercise 1 appeared in the video?


Worksheet 7.6
POST-WATCHING ACTIVITIES

Do you consider yourself a green person? Do you recycle? Do you worry about your planet?
Have you ever asked about Earth’s future?

Follow this link and do the questionnaire which will answer all these questions:

http://www.britishcouncil.org/kids-games-green-quiz.htm

Make a list of the good things you have learnt in the quiz:

1. ________________________________________________________

2. ________________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________________

4. ________________________________________________________

5. ________________________________________________________

6. ________________________________________________________

7. ________________________________________________________

8. ________________________________________________________
Worksheet 7.6

TRANSCRIPTION OF THE VIDEO

For 2.5 million years, the earth’s climate has fluctuated, cycling from ice ages to warmer periods.

But in the last century, the planet’s temperature has risen unusually fast – about 1.2 to 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit.

Scientists believe that it’s human activity that is rising the temperatures up, a process known as global warming.

Ever since the Industrial Revolution began, factories, power plants, and eventually cars, have burned fossil fuels
such as oil and coal, releasing huge amounts of carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere.

These greenhouse gases trap heat near the earth through a naturally occurring process called the greenhouse
effect.

The greenhouse effect begins with the sun and the energy it radiates to the earth.

The earth and the atmosphere absorb some of this energy, while the rest is radiated back into space.

Naturally occurring gases in the atmosphere trap some of this energy and reflect it back, warming the earth.

Scientists now believe that the greenhouse effect is being intensified by the extra greenhouse gases that humans
have released.

Evidence for global warming includes a recent string of very warm years. Scientists report that 1998 was the
warmest year in measured history, with 2005 coming in second.

Meanwhile, readings taken from ice cores show that the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide and methane have hit
their highest levels in the past 420,000 years.

Arctic sea ice is also shrinking. According to NASA studies, the extent of Arctic sea ice has declined about 10% in the
last 30 years.

As long as industrialized nations consume energy and developing countries increase their fossil fuel consumption,
the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will continue to rise.

Researchers predict that temperatures will increase about 2 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of the century.

What’s less certain is what rising temperatures mean for the planet.

Some climate models predict subtle changes. Others forecast rising sea levels which could flood coastal areas
around the world.

Weather patterns could change, making hurricanes more frequent. Severe droughts could become more common in
warm areas species unable to adapt to the changing conditions would face extinction.

Although much remains to be learned about global warming many organizations advocate cutting greenhouse gas
emissions to reduce the impact of global warming.

Consumers can help. By saving energy around the house, switching to compact fluorescent light bulbs and driving
fewer miles in the car each week.

These simple changes may help keep the Earth cooler in the future.