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April 3, 2013 Dear Canoe Participants: Congratulations on this past year and welcome to Western's 32nd Annual Canoe

trip activity, we're glad to have you aboard. All plans and arrangements have been made for the week at Camp Ak-o-Mak. You will travel via luxury coach to and from our 6-day adventure on the waters of northern Ontario. The trip will run on the following dates: Saturday, August 31 Sunday, September 1 Saturday, September 7 3:00 pm Western Student Recreation Centre pool swimming test 8:00 a.m. (leave London) 3:30 p.m. (arrive back in London)

This package contains all the information you need regarding: i) final canoe trip registration procedures ii) instructions for a mandatory aquatics test on Sat. August 31 at 3:00 pm iii) a general activity outline and daily schedule iv) a list of items to bring PLEASE READ THIS ENTIRE PACKAGE OF MATERIALS WITHOUT DELAY. We are looking forward to an excellent learning experience at an outstanding outdoor facility. Our host, Director Ginger Desrocher and your instructors will all be working hard to make the canoe trip fun and a learning experience in a safe environment. It is important to note that Camp Ak-o-Mak, including the time that Western students are there for canoeing, is a smoke free, alcohol free and drug free environment. This policy must be maintained throughout our experience there. All the best, Glen Belfry PhD Canoe Trip Coordinator

Western University 3M Centre, Room 2225 London, ON, Canada N6A 3K7 PH. 519.661.3086 F. 519.661.2008

INSTRUCTIONS 1. 2. READ all of the enclosed material. The total cost of the trip is $500.00 (includes HST). To confirm your position on the trip, please leave a $60.00 deposit along with a post-dated cheque for $440.00 dated August 1, in the Undergraduate Office (Room 2225, 3M Centre) prior to April 30. **Note: A $20 administrative fee will be charged for returned (NSF) cheques. 4. 5. 6. The $500.00 covers all transportation, accommodations, meals (outstanding in quality and quantity), and use of all equipment at camp. Leave your Health card number on file in the Undergraduate Office along with a reliable summer address AND phone number. Please direct all inquiries to: Wendy Mandigo School of Kinesiology Room 2225, 3M Centre Western University London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (519) 661-2111, ext. 88361

TRIP PREPARATION DETAILS Dates: Sunday, September 1 to Saturday, September 7.

Departure: The group will depart via luxury coach from Alumni Hall at 8:00 am on Sunday, September 1. DON'T BE LATE: We leave at 8:00 am SHARP! Location: Camp Ak-o-Mak is located on Ahmic Lake approximately 60 miles south of North Bay and 40 miles northeast of Parry Sound. Primarily, Ak-o-Mak and its companion camp, Chikopi, directly across the lake are competitive sport skills and training camps for youth. Each camp can accommodate 100 campers. Our hosts are very fine people; the camp is on a beautiful site with easy access to a wide variety of canoe routes and the kitchen staff love to serve excellent food in large quantities. Emergency camp phone #: 705-3873810. We will be returning to Alumni Hall on Saturday, September 7th around 3:30 pm (arrival time). Please make your own arrangements to be picked up there. $500.00 total cost. $60.00 deposit due April 30. Fee covers transportation, all meals, accommodation and equipment. You must also leave a post-dated cheque in the amount of $440.00 dated August 1. Cancellation after August 1 will result in a refund of only $300 due to the prepayment of some expenses. In order to ensure the safety of all concerned at the camp, there is a compulsory aquatics test to be completed in the Western Student Recreation Centre pool PRIOR to the trip. If you miss the aquatics test or are unable to meet the minimum standards, you will not be permitted in the course. Please be on the pool deck ready to swim on time! Western Student Recreation Centre Pool on Saturday, August 31, 3:00 p.m. a) 300-yard swim (12 lengths of the pool), the first 200 yards of which must be done using the freestyle stroke and the last 100 yards using any combination of strokes. This swim must be carried out in a continuous manner. Hanging onto the pool edges, standing in shallow water, delaying on the turns etc. will be grounds for having to repeat the test. b) Tread water for 5 minutes at the completion of the 300 yard swim. For obvious reasons we are stringent about the aquatics competency requirement. No exceptions will be made, so prepare yourselves practise, train and be ready.



Aquatics Test:

Test Items:

Western University School of Kinesiology Canoe Camp - Activity Unit

The Kin Canoe Camp Experience

This physical skills unit is part of the outdoor education segment of the activity program. There are several objectives of this canoe camp: To acquire paddling skills Interact and appreciate Nature; including weather, terrain, wildlife, plant life, mode of travel, and living outside for extended periods. Includes decision making: ie selecting appropriate clothing. Maintenance of a pleasant disposition when presented with circumstances you have not faced before or experiences with which you might have trouble coping. These situations could include, long sustained hard physical work, rain, cold, hot, being around people for long periods and perhaps in confined spaces. Working in groups. Being positive, supporting and encouraging. Learning to be the type of person that you enjoy being around. Being challenged by all of the above. Coping and adapting to all situations in a constructive way is lifes most important skill.

Conduct at Camp Ak-o-Mak Life jackets must be worn at all times when we are on the water. No alcohol or drugs. The camp gives us a good deal to have our camp here. Be respectful of them and all equipment and camp property. Food is provided, toiletries are NOT provided. No swimming, sailing, canoeing, kayaking alone or without proper supervision. Participation in the 7:30 a.m. "early bird" fitness session (running or swimming).

A) Canoe Skills (70%) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. B) Launching Entry Side ways displacement in a straight line perpendicular to dock Stops under control Figure 8 maneuvers around objects in the water A 360 degree pivot J strokes in solo and tandem Canoe over canoe rescue

Theory test (30%) Based on lectures, videos, water sessions and assigned readings. Text Book: Path of the Paddle : Bill Mason

Items to Bring


Trip up North On the bus trip, we make an early compulsory Tim Horton pit stop, then a lunch stop somewhere near Barrie. On camp arrival, cabin assignments will be made and then on the water immediately. Dinner at 6 pm; after dinner (usually) the wind is minimal and the lake is calm, therefore we will be maximizing the use of all daylight hours on the lake. General Notes At 7:20 am a wake-up bell chimes sweetly and gently to caress you from slumber. Everyone up for early bird fitness session of running or swimming (followed by a trip to the lake-side sauna). Breakfast at 8:30 is followed by morning instructional activities, lunch at 1:00 (this is a full meal!) afternoon instruction and supper at 6:00. Evening on-water sessions will normally be used to introduce new material for the next day or to refine existing skills under calm water conditions. The first two days of camp will be devoted to mastering canoe-manoeuvring skills so that everyone is comfortable and competent in both the bow and stern of the canoe. During these two days we will divide the participants into groups of 10-12 of all abilities. The course is targeted as a basic, introductory course. We have built in lots of time for practise and review; for reviewing techniques on video using videos of skilled canoeist, Bill Mason. We will do short excursion trips as well as one major trip Wednesday night. There will be some time available to experience the extra curricular luxuries of the camp, such as: fishing, sailing, kayaking, war canoeing, golf, baseball, tennis, basketball, cricket, tomato-picking, and the wall-climbing facilities. From mid-morning to early afternoon on Friday, our time will be devoted to skills testing. Friday afternoon and evening will be used for re-tests, where desired, and to camp cleanup (bringing in docks, string all equipment for the winter etc.) which we agree to do each year in exchange for a very reasonable per student cost for the trip.

Daily Schedule: Kinoe Kamp: Day 1 - Sunday 7:30 am Meet at Thames Hall 7:45 am Load bus 8:00 am Bus leaves (Arrange into 4 groups with instructors during bus ride) 11:30 am Eat lunch in Barrie 2:30 pm Arrive at CAMP AK-O-MAK, Orientation to camp, cabins, introduction to canoeing by individual Instructors to their groups. 6:00 pm Dinner 7:00 pm Skills until dusk. 9:00 pm Video: Canoeing with Bill Mason 10:00 pm Leisure time (Cards, etc. in main house). Remember we are up at 7:20 am. Day 2 - Monday 7:20 am 8:30 am 9:15 am 1:00 pm 3:30 pm 6:00 pm 7:00 pm Dusk Day 3 - Tuesday 7:20 am 8:30 am 9:15 am 6:00 pm 7:00 pm Early Bird: Swim or Run Breakfast Skills and morning and/or afternoon trips trips on Ahmic lake, to Konephle Rapids or Magnetewan River Dinner Paddle into Ahmic harbour -moonlight (hopefully) paddle home. Bring flashlights. Early Bird: Swim or Run Breakfast Skills Lunch and rest period Paddle until 5:45 pm Dinner Skills until dusk. Leisure time

Day 4 - Wednesday 8:30 am 9:15 am

Breakfast Begin marathon canoe trip: Magnetawan River-Lake Cecebe- Echo Rock- Magnetawan-Ahmic Lake.

Day 5 - Thursday Morning Practice; begin testing Afternoon Testing Evening options practicing

Day 6 - Friday

7:20 am Early Bird: Swim or Run 8:30 am Breakfast 9:15 am Complete testing 1:00 pm Lunch and rest period Afternoon Help Akomak with taking docks apart, pools, canoes to cabins, etc. Evening Go to Chikopi, History and Barlow Story of the Camps courtesy of Bob Duenkel Day 7 - Saturday 6:00 am 6:30 am 7:00 am 2:00 pm Breakfast Load bus Bus leaves Return to Thames Hall (approximate time)

Canoe Skills in Detail

1. 2. 3. Launching- pass/fail Entry- pass/fail Sideways displacement in a straight line perpendicular to dock. OBJECTIVE: canoe travels sideways, while remaining perpendicular, & equidistant to dock. This must be demonstrated in both directions. This requires draws, and figure 8 draws by the bow person and prys by the stern person. To go in the opposite direction the paddlers perform the opposite paddle movements. Draws, and figure 8 draws are performed by the stern person and prys by the bow person. If the bow is moving sideways faster than the stern (off the perpendicular), the bow person must reduce the power of the paddle movements and vice versa. If the canoe drifts towards the dock, water must be directed towards the bow. The bow person does a back draw and the stern person directs the pry towards the bow. If the bow is drifting away from the dock the water is directed towards the stern. Communication between paddlers will facilitate proper canoe movements. Stops under control. OBJECTIVE: On command, stop the canoe A.S.A.P and remain perpendicular to the dock throughout the stop. After 8-10 strong forward strokes the instructor will call, Stop! At that point both paddlers will extend both arms (similar to the initial phase of a forward stroke) and immerse the blade fully in the water. The paddler should not initiate a stroke and instead resist the water by holding the paddle in a still position. As the canoe slows and resistance on the paddle decreases, back paddling is initiated to continue slowing the canoe until is stopped. If the canoe begin to move away from the perpendicular, angling the blade accordingly will correct this movement. Angling the blade so the near edge of the paddle points towards the stern of the canoe will pull the canoe towards the paddle. The canoe will move away from the paddle if the near edge of the blade is angled towards the stern.



Figure 8 maneuvers around objects in the water. OBJECTIVE: Efficiently maneuver the canoe a full turn to the right, then a full turn to the left around obstacles while maintaining momentum (Partners switch bow and stern positions and repeat). If the bow person is paddling on the starboard (left) side, the right turn requires a combination of sweeps, cross draws and power strokes to turn the canoe with momentum. The stern person on the port side performs short power strokes with a extremely strong J stroke (almost a pry). In the same positioning, a left turn requires the bow person to use a combination of 3 strokes in one. The bow person begins with a high brace, followed by a draw as the canoe turns. He/she finishes with a power stroke. Alternatively, the bow person may use a cross-bow jam followed by draws and power strokes. The stern person may use draws, power strokes and sweeps. A 360 degree pivot. OBJECTIVE: Turn the canoe 360 degrees with the center of the canoe as the pivot point. Strokes required for this skill have been detailed in the earlier section entitled, Sideways displacement in a straight line perpendicular to dock. The same considerations should be considered in order to keep the canoe from drifting (moving from the pivot point in any direction). Unique to this maneuver is that the bow and stern persons use the same strokes. Alternatively, sweep strokes can be used by both persons. J strokes in solo and tandem. OBJECTIVE: Maintain a straight path over 50m of paddling. Strong efficient J strokes will prevent loss of momentum and lateral drifting. While the tip of the bow may appear to remain fixed on the destination point, the canoe path may become an arc pattern (particularly when soloing). To prevent curving in strong current or winds, angle the bow slightly into the wind such that the center of the canoe traces an imaginary straight line connecting the start and finish points. Canoe over canoe rescue. Approach Assess the need for a T rescue during your approach to the swamped canoe (SC). The stern paddler of the rescuing canoe (RC) should take control of the situation. In a loud clear voice ask the swamped canoeists to keep contact with their canoe, report any injuries or concerns. Keeping contact with the canoe will conserve energy, increase a sense of control, and reduce the likelihood of drifting away. Drifting away will increase the time needed for rescue, and precludes the possibility of hypothermia, injury or drowning. If conditions permit, paddles and equipment from the swamped canoe should be recovered. Ideally, the swamped crew members recover gear while remaining in contact with their canoe. Approach the SC on the upstream or upwind side. This positioning ensures canoes remain in contact as the SC will be inclined to drift the lesser extent. Moreover, current/wind resistance will assist in keeping the canoes in contact.




Have one person remain at the opposite end from the rescue canoe. They will assist in the canoe rescue by pushing down on the far end of the upside down swamped canoe to get the end of the canoe up on the gunnel of the rescue canoe. The second canoeist, from the swamped canoe, should be directed to travel hand over hand , using the gunnels, to the bow end of the rescue canoe. The stern canoeist in the rescue canoe, is responsible for getting the swamped canoe up onto the rescue canoe, then flipped over and slid back into the water. It is important that care is taken that the swamped canoe is not rolled over onto the bow person of the rescue canoe. The upright canoe is now slid back into the water and secured to the rescuing canoe. Gunnel of rescuing canoe should be on top of gunnel of rescued canoe. Victims may clamber into their rescued canoe from the side away from the rescuers or in between the two canoes at the bow or stern. His occurs one at a time. During the rescue extreme care should be taken so that the victims are always secured or in touch with a canoe at all times. The safety of the victims is the number one priority.

Kinoe Camp- Background Information

Please hand in with your deposit.

NAME: _____________________________________________ Please outline, if any, your previous canoeing or tripping experience. 1. Courses/certification


Trips (where did you go?, how many days?)


Camps (in what capacity, camper, counsellor, tripper/ name of the camp)


Special diets, allergies, etc. (Questions?)