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Volume 121, Issue 69

dailytarheel.com

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Student Stores thefts may be linked
A book larceny in April shares traits with an Aug. 30 attempt.
By Hailey Vest
Senior Writer

WHO’S WATCHING YOU?
NSA scandal sparks lawsuits and debate about Americans’ privacy
By Neal Smith
Senior Writer

DTH/RACHEL HOLT

If you are approached and asked to sell textbooks for someone, you might want to think twice before saying yes. UNC’s Department of Public Safety sent out an Alert Carolina message Monday seeking information related to two incidents at UNC Student Stores: a larceny on April 4 and an attempted larceny on Aug. 30. Jim Powell, senior business officer of Student Stores, said 18 books totaling $3,923.75 were identified as stolen following the April 4 incident, and officials have reason to believe the same people are responsible for the most recent attempt. He said eight copies of a $328 textbook accounted for half of the total money lost in April. Several copies of three other textbooks were also stolen, Powell said. Powell said Student Stores has surveillance footage of three unknown men with backpacks entering the store separately. “They come in, look for the most expensive books that are the easiest to get without a lot of people seeing,” he said. He said the suspects, who he described as professional shoplifters, were able to steal the textbooks by removing the loss prevention tag. Powell said he thinks they made at least two or three successful shoplifting attempts. The Alert Carolina message also said the suspects have been seen on campus driving a van or light-colored SUV with a Florida license plate. Because a PID is required to sell textbooks back to the bookstore, Powell said the suspects made up a story to solicit sympathetic students on Stadium Drive to sell the stolen textbooks after unsuccessfully attempting to do so themselves. Powell said the suspects told students they were from out of town and were trying to get home, but the bookstore wouldn’t buy the books because they weren’t students. “These folks will come in and try to make out with the textbooks in backpacks and then they will approach students and ask them to bring (the books) back and get cash refunds,” said Randy Young, spokesman for DPS. He said the suspects were identified in April by a freshman who mentioned she was selling the textbooks for someone else when she purchased the books. “They probably asked a lot of people but ended up finding a freshman who was just trying to help them,” he said. With the help of that student, Powell said

See student STores, Page 6

In the 12 years since the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, the U.S. Constitution has not changed. But now, the liberties the government has been taking to protect the United States are being challenged in the name of the Constitution. An ongoing scandal about the National Security Agency’s collection of phone and email data under sections of the Patriot Act has attracted criticism about infringement of data collection on Fourth and First Amendment rights. “Something like 9/11 happens, and certainly the NSA or another government organization could see the justification for growing their surveillance programs in the interest of national security,” said Liz Woolery, a UNC Ph.D. student who specializes in legal and regulatory issues in media. Woolery said even though Americans communicate with each other millions of times a day, none of it is constitutionally protected. “There’s no right to privacy, there’s no amendment or anything like that, and we know that in order to achieve the goals the First Amendment has set out like freedom of the press, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, then we need to know that certain communications are going to be privileged,” she said. But the NSA is collecting data on millions of Americans via telephones, said Sarah Preston, policy director for the American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina. “That information is enough to reveal a lot of very personal information, like what doctor you’re seeing, what religion you subscribe to or none at all, whether you’re calling your lawyer, a support group for alcoholics or a suicide hotline,” she said.

She said there’s an unprecedented breadth of knowledge the government can build on an individual based on whom that person contacts. “This is information that I think most Americans consider to be private, that they don’t want the government to be tracking and saving indefinitely,” Preston said. “The fear essentially is that the NSA is able to track all of this information and other information about where people are going, who they’re calling, and you could put all of this information together and the government would be able to keep tabs on (its) citizens at all times.” And Natasha Duarte, a UNC research student focusing on government surveillance and the First Amendment, said the government claims it is not listening to citizens’ phone calls and defends its monitoring as being content-neutral. “One of the concerns with that — if they know who you call and for how long, that can tell you a lot about a person,” she said. In June, the national ACLU filed a lawsuit against the NSA’s surveillance tactics under Section 215 of the Patriot Act. Section 215 allows the government to order individuals or companies to turn over any information the FBI says pertains to a terrorist investigation without showing probable cause. The orders are issued by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court. Woolery said the NSA hopes to identify terrorist threats by looking for patterns in communications. “Then maybe they can use that information to foil a plot in the near future,” she said. “I think the idea is basically that the more information the NSA has, the better chances they have of ensuring national security.” In the summer, Edward Snowden, a former employee of NSA defense contractor Booz Allen Hamilton, leaked documents and

KEEPING TABS
The full extent of the NSA surveillance program is not publicly known. The recent whistleblowing scandal has revealed some of the forms of communication the government has been collecting data from. Here are some of the mediums the government has access to in order to locate and intercept possible terrorist threats. The NSA cannot listen to the content of phone calls, but can collect data on phone records such as recipient, duration and location of the phone call. Like with telephones, the NSA can access information including recipients, sender and subject, but cannot read the contents of the emails. Companies like Google and Yahoo have asked to disclose to the public when the NSA asks for records. They have been barred from doing so at this time. It is not known what further access to communications the NSA will have. President Barack Obama has met with companies like Apple to discuss this issue.

See security, Page 6

Recruiting agency hired for Kenan-Flagler dean search
A committee will start recruiting candidates in two weeks.
By Julia Craven
Staff Writer

Professor reacts to criticism of her paper
Barbara Fredrickson stands behind her research, despite flaws.
By Haley Waxman
Staff Writer

Susan King is the dean of the School of Journalism and Mass Communication and is chairing the committee to select the next business school dean.
nationally recognized.” Korn/Ferry International, one of the largest search firms in the nation, was contracted last week to lead the recruitment process. King said recruiting is projected to begin in two weeks. Kenneth Kring, who will lead the recruitment process for Korn/ Ferry, has recruited for some of the nation’s strongest business schools and has knowledge of candidates that would bring a range of expertise to the position, King said. Entrepreneurship professor Larry Chavis said Kenan-Flagler needs a leader who will help adapt the school’s curriculum to shifting trends in business education. “Education is changing very quickly, and we need someone to guide us through that,” Chavis said. He also said the school needs someone who can seek out new sources of revenue due to the tightening of the state budget.

UNC is on its way to hiring a new dean of the Kenan-Flagler Business School. Members of the search committee assigned to find candidates have hired a recruiting agency to find a permanent replacement for Jim Dean, who left that position in July to become provost. Susan King, dean of the School of Journalism and Mass Communication and chair of the committee, said it is a diverse group that includes business school faculty, business leaders, UNC alumni and a student. The committee is searching for a candidate with a diverse set of skills. King said members are looking for candidates who understand the speed of change in business and higher education and the global marketplace for education. “Kenan-Flagler is a very successful business school,” she said. “They definitely want to stay on that trajectory of being on the cutting edge and

“How do we do the most we can with new resources? How do we develop new programs or current programs to keep us going?” Chavis said. He said he would like to see the scope of online programs grow. “The students can learn the material in a very engaged manner,” he said. Dean, who led Kenan-Flagler for five years, helped launch the online program MBA@UNC, which will be his lasting mark on the school, Chavis said. While there are programs he would like to see continue, Dean said he understands it is time to step aside and let the new dean — who will report to the provost — lead Kenan-Flagler. “I don’t want to constrain the new dean to do any particular thing that I did,” he said. “I’d like to see some things continue but you have to be a grown-up and realize it’s someone else’s turn now.” The provost and Chancellor Carol Folt will make the final hiring decision after they receive two unranked recommendations from the committee. “There’s been so much growth and strength at Kenan-Flagler,” King said. “They’re (the committee) looking for someone to take it even higher.” university@dailytarheel.com

Barbara Fredrickson, a Kenan Distinguished Professor, is the principal investigator of UNC’s PEPLab, which studies human emotions.
ability to reach their full potential by using a mathematical model created by Losada. The critical positivity ratio, based on the model, determines if the ratio of positive to negative life experiences is 3-to-1, individuals will flourish. Losada found that the ratio must be above 2.9013 to flourish. In November 2011, Nick Brown, a graduate student at the University of East London, questioned its accuracy. He approached Harris Friedman, a psychologist at the University of Florida, and Alan Sokal, a physicist at New York University. “(Fredrickson) made a very strong claim that a number called the critical positivity ratio, taken to four decimal places, constitutes a fact that is applicable to all people across all time and place,” Friedman said. “She claimed that it was a tipping point based on a notion that below this number nothing

Barbara Fredrickson, a UNC psychology professor, said it’s never pleasant to discover something that you’ve published is inaccurate. But after receiving criticism of a widely read paper she co-authored, Fredrickson found she had done just that. Fredrickson is a Kenan Distinguished Professor of psychology and a principal investigator of UNC’s Positive Emotions and Psychophysiology Laboratory. She has been doing research in this field since she earned her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1990. Fredrickson taught at Duke University and the University of Michigan before coming to UNC in 2006. Her 2005 paper in American Psychologist is titled “Positive Affect and the Complex Dynamics of Human Flourishing,” which she co-authored with Marcial Losada, a Chilean psychologist and consultant. The paper described humans’

See Psychology, Page 6

...For the United States of America, there will be no forgetting September the 11th.
george w. bush

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