....

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

30 views

ABC

....

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- 4_2_05 Coulomb Potential and Coulomb Field of Metal Spheres
- learning_curve
- PK Function
- 3D porosity prediction from seismic inversion and neural networks.pdf
- Bootstrapping Null Polygon Wilson Loops
- Section10 Ordering and Exponents of Whole Numbers
- Algebra Cheat Sheet
- Differentiation method for integrals
- Analytical Solutions to Steady State Unsaturated Flow in Layered, Randomly Heterogeneous Soils via Kirchhohh Transformation
- tech-Reservoir-PressureTestAnalysis-pressbui.pdf
- De Complete
- Exponentials and Logarithms
- THE SHEET (2.0).docx
- SmallBook-maths Formula Sheet
- soalanpptp1
- Exponents,Radicals and Logarithms
- Teacher exam sample questions
- Crib Sheet
- hope vs wish
- 6 - 1 - Lecture 45 Sequences

You are on page 1of 5

log if and only if

.

In the equation

log , is referred to as the logarithm, is the base, and is the argument.

The notation log is read the logarithm (or log) base of . The definition of a logarithm indicates that a logarithm

is an exponent.

log is the logarithmic form of

is the exponential form of

log

Write each equation in its exponential form.

a.

b. 3

log 8

2

log

c.

log 125

Solution:

Use the definition

log if and only if

.

a.

b. 3

log 8 if and only if 10#

8.

2

log if and only if 7&

c. log 125

if and only if 5%

125.

Base

25&

Solution:

Use

if and only if

log .

Exponent

25& ./ 012 314 ./

Base

log &

2

, then

.

Example of Evaluating a Logarithmic Equation:

Evaluate: log & 32

Solution:

log & 32

if and only if

Since 32

2 , we have

2%

32

2 %

2

5

PROPERTIES OF LOGARITHMS:

If b, a, and c are positive real numbers, 5 6, and n is a real number, then:

1.

2.

3.

4.

9.

Product: log 0 8

log 0 log 8

Quotient: log

log 0 ; log 8

1 log 0

Change of Base: log 0

=>?A 9

=>?A

1

6.

log 1

0

log

1

5.

1, 1 0

7.

One-to-One: log 0

log 8 if and only if 0

8

8.

=>? 9

=>?

=B 9

=B

Use the properties of logarithms to rewrite each expression as a single logarithm:

a.

b.

4 log 2 ; 3 log ; 5

b.

4 log 2 ; 3 log ; 5

2 log log 4

&

Solution:

a.

2 log log 4

&

Power Property

%G&H

log %IJ

Product Property

Quotient Property

Use the properties of logarithms to express the following logarithms in terms of logarithms of , , and K.

a.

log &

b.

log

% L

NO

Solution:

a.

log &

log log & Product Property

log 2 log

Power Property

b.

log

& P

K

Quotient Property

Quotient Property

Product Property

Power Property

Definition of Common Logarithm:

Logarithms with a base of 10 are called common logarithms. It is customary to write log as log .

Logarithms with the base of U are called natural logarithms. It is customary to write log V as ln .

PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Evaluate:

2. U #.&

1. 0.6#

3. 1.005F

4. log F 64

5. ln 1

6. ln 7

7. 2F

16

9. U F

54.60

8. 64

8

10. log 25

11. log #

12. ln U I&

X

Use the change of base formula to evaluate the logarithms: (Round to 3 decimal places.)

13. log 3

15. log 42

&

Use the properties of logarithms to rewrite each expression into lowest terms (i.e. expand the logarithms to a sum

or a difference):

16. log 10

17. ln

%

N

22. ln

20. log # ; 2

%H

21. ln

18. log NL

#%

% ONL

J

23. log 7 ; log

24. 3 ln 2 ln ; 4 ln K

#

25. & ln Y ; F ln X

27. 1 3 log F

28. 2 ln 8 5 ln

log 3

0.562

30. log 18

log 2

0.356

31. log 28

log 7

0.872

35. 4#

64

36. 25#&

125

37. ln U

1

38. log # Z

;2

39. log 1000

40. log Z 3

41. log # Z

42. log F Y

43. ln U

44. log 9 9

45. ln 1

46. ln U I#

34. log 1

47. /

log #

a.

1

b.

27

c.

0.5

a.

0.01

b.

0.1

c.

30

a.

U

b.

#

48. [

log

49. /

ln

50. \

ln

a.

U &

b.

51. [

ln U #%

c.

10

F

c.

1200

a.

;2

b.

0

c.

7.5

a.

4

b.

64

c.

5.2

52. /

log &

Use the change of base formula to evaluate the following logarithms: (Round to 3 decimal places.)

53. log F 9

Approximate the following logarithms given that log 2 ^ 0.43068 and log 3 ^ 0.68261:

57. log 18

&

60. log #

58. log 6

63. log F 6 F

64. log 2 I#

65. log 2

66. ln _

67.

%

%G&

ln %I&

70. log #

9 L

:` O

&

71. ; # ln 3

74. log F 6 ; log F 10

75. ;2ln 2 ; ln 3

76. 41 ln ln

79. 3 ln 4 ln ln K

80. ln 4 ; 3 ln ; ln

True or False? Use the properties of logarithms to determine whether the equation is true or false. If false, state

why or give an example to show that it is false.

81. log & 4

2 log &

82.

=B %

=B %

ln &

2

84. U

=B e

85. log F

Y

%

2 ; log F

86. 6 ln 6 ln

ln Y

Note: Remember that all variables that represent an argument of a logarithm must be greater than 0.

1. 0.413

33. 2.562

2. 24.533

34. 0

35. log F 64

3

3. 7.352

4. 3

5. 0

37. U

U

6. 0.973

7. log & 16

4

8. log YF 8

&

9. ln 54.60

4

10. 2

40.

Z

5 log # 2

71. ln f#g

&

46. ;3

15. 1.380

16. 1 log

74. log F

17. ln ln ; ln K

19. 1 2 log F

21. 5 ln 2 ln K ; 3 ln

ln 3

&

ln ; ln 7

23. log %

% JL

ln NH

25. ln #

%

log & #

27. log F 4 #

28. ln 64

29. log % L

30. 1.48

31. 0.792

32. ;1.434

76. 4 ln X

b. 3

49. a. 1

b. ;1.099

50. a. 2

51. a. ;6

52. a. 1

53. 1.585

#%

75. ln F% L

47. a. 0

48. a. ;2

c. ;0.631

b. ;1

c. 1.477

b. 0.223

b. 0

b. 3

c. 2.303

c. 7.090

c. 22.5

c. 1.189

J

79. ln # F K

80. ln

%GF

%J

2 log &

82. False. ln

83. True

56. ;1.159

85. True

55. 2.132

84. True

57. 1.7959

86. True

58. 0.556645

59. ;0.43068

60. ;0.25193

61. 1.02931

62. 3.11329

65. & log 2

54. ;2.322

&#

41. ;2

45. 0

14. ;1

&

44. ;1

13. 0.565

26.

39. 3

68. ln 2 ln ; 3

#

&

43. 7

12. ;2

24.

38. 3I&

42. ;2

11. ;4

22.

66. # ln ; ln 5

%

%

ln

&

- 4_2_05 Coulomb Potential and Coulomb Field of Metal SpheresUploaded byVictor Lopez
- learning_curveUploaded bySounak Srimanti Saha
- PK FunctionUploaded byKhushman Asodariya
- 3D porosity prediction from seismic inversion and neural networks.pdfUploaded byPhạm Lê Huy Khánh
- Bootstrapping Null Polygon Wilson LoopsUploaded byhumbertorc
- Section10 Ordering and Exponents of Whole NumbersUploaded bymarchelo_chelo
- Algebra Cheat SheetUploaded byamitbahl75
- Differentiation method for integralsUploaded byAnastasios26
- Analytical Solutions to Steady State Unsaturated Flow in Layered, Randomly Heterogeneous Soils via Kirchhohh TransformationUploaded byAlonso Valeriano
- tech-Reservoir-PressureTestAnalysis-pressbui.pdfUploaded byjesus77777777777
- De CompleteUploaded byMartensit Jersey
- Exponentials and LogarithmsUploaded byShahzaib Khurram
- THE SHEET (2.0).docxUploaded byKingler Fold
- SmallBook-maths Formula SheetUploaded byankur_1231
- soalanpptp1Uploaded byEta Puzi
- Exponents,Radicals and LogarithmsUploaded byandrika
- Teacher exam sample questionsUploaded byPatrick Anderson
- Crib SheetUploaded byJason Phlip Napitupulu
- hope vs wishUploaded byOthmane Benkirane
- 6 - 1 - Lecture 45 SequencesUploaded byRahulsinghoooo
- Chapter 7 Radiography Arithmatic of ExposureUploaded byHrishikesan
- SequencesUploaded byPaulino Adao
- jpsUploaded byOkafor Stanley
- Agm ProofUploaded byMohammad Agung Nugroho
- Topics in General Mathematics HandoutUploaded byFloribel Ole
- lec10p4Uploaded byapi-3724082
- Add Math P1 Trial SPM ZON A 2008Uploaded byRama Devi
- and_or_quorums.pdfUploaded byأبو إسلام الجزائري
- 07303413Uploaded bynewtonfeyn
- Graph Theory SolnUploaded byANDRE LIM BU YUN Year14

- Herobuilders.com Case StudyUploaded byed
- Markstrat GraphUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Arbitration & Conciliation Act 1996Uploaded byhumaidjafri
- Final Consolidated FileUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- LORUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- New Word 2007 Document (2)Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- CHAPTER 2Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Rank StudioUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- IIFT 2012Uploaded byVamsi Karthik
- social capitalUploaded bySumeet Bafna
- Presentation 1Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- I2Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Admission Form 2014-16Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Awards and Recognitions Currenat Affairs Www.bankingawareness.comUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Unit10 DeforestationUploaded byMayank Jha
- 1.docUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Sexincity2.pptUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- 3Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- pubform.docUploaded byRichin Varghese
- no10Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- sumit cvUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- भुला चूका हूँ तुझको सच नहीं येUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Abhijit Sen on Food Security BillUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Food Security Bill as Passed in the Lok Sabha on 26 August 2013Uploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation BillUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Microsoft is to Acquire NokiaUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Order SummaryUploaded byMahima Agrawal
- Classic Chocolate CakeUploaded byMahima Agrawal

- Service Manual DADF-D1Uploaded bysap teknik
- Quick_Start_Guide_for_SoftAP.pdfUploaded byRata Ion
- ppe 310 finaleUploaded byapi-279882080
- TH-F6 Protocol v1.11Uploaded bybugment
- Journal of Social and Personal Relationships-1990-Bartholomew-147-781Uploaded byFajarRizki
- CS321-CS225_Chapter4Uploaded byJoshuaChrisEspiritu
- boot fail causeUploaded byreanve
- H LightingUploaded byEka Nur Cahyo
- Configuration and Administration of NIS Server and Client in SolarisUploaded byamsreeku
- Basic and Essential Parts of a Business LetterUploaded byMikio Norberte
- Gigabyte Ga-m59sli-s5 - Rev 1.01Uploaded byRodrigo Barbosa
- Information Technology Service Delivery Manager Infrastructure Resume Rodney RobbinsUploaded byRodneyRobbins2
- ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.14.10) Commissioning Guide-06 Quick Data Configuration_R1.1Uploaded byxylitol_cool
- GS33K05D10-50E.pdfUploaded bypankaj sharma
- j1Uploaded byOscar Sánchez Conde
- Prioritizing Web UsabilityUploaded byKyle Harbet
- 2012 Average Inductor Current Sensor for Digitally Controlled Switched-Mode Power SuppliesUploaded byersathis
- InteliDrive IPC DatasheetUploaded byMuhammad Shoaib Hussain
- Automotive Electronics 1Uploaded byVictor Balas
- 4dUploaded bySudip Mondal
- Agile 7 HabitsUploaded bypparker
- Lecture 2_Cross Section and CorrelationUploaded byBadut Sarkas
- Gradle User GuideUploaded byGonzalo Zavala
- CAL-LAB Lightning Isolators - Terms of Sales, Lifetime Service Arrangement (LLSWA) and How To Use?Uploaded byBPL-geek
- Case Study 2010 OpenFoamUploaded bygego477
- Anritsu Understanding OtdrsUploaded byMathieu Bolle
- CCNA QuestionUploaded byrozeny2k
- YouUploaded byArpithaChaman
- Ee6703 Sem Eee Viist Au Unit Ivbldc Lecture NotesUploaded byDEEPA
- Ku Vsat ModemUploaded bynopeicco