AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA

)

AIR NAVIGATION ORDER

VERSION : DATE OF IMPLEMENTATION : OFFICE OF PRIME INTEREST :

1.0 10-11-2009 Airworthiness Directorate

10/11/2009

ANO-018-AWXX-1.0

AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA)

10/11/2009

ANO-018-AWXX-1.0

D1. 360 and all other enabling provisions of Civil Aviation Rules 1994.4 E-LSA: means Experimental Light Sport Aircraft issued with Experimental Certificate of Airworthiness for Kit built aircraft only. C2. production acceptance test procedures. operating instructions.3 Consensus Standard: means.1 Authorized person: means Director Airworthiness or an employee of Civil Aviation Authority. low performance aircraft. etc adopting similar standards to address advances in sport and recreational aviation technology.5. The intended effect of the rules covering these standards is to allow the manufacture of safe and economical aircraft. and lighter-than-air aircraft such as balloons and airships. weight shift aircraft such as trikes and powered parachutes. required equipment. This Air Navigation Order prescribes requirements concerning the manufacturing and certification of Light Sport Aircraft (Both S-LSA & E-LSA) and describes the CAA role in the certification process. This ANO is issued by Director General Civil Aviation Authority in pursuance of powers vested in him under Rule 4. a light-sport aircraft is an aircraft. 33. D1. PURPOSE: B1. 5. With regard to the requirements of this ANO. but is not limited to. duly authorized by him. D1. for the purpose of certificating light-sport aircraft. and continued airworthiness. duly authorized by him. identification and recording of major repairs and major alterations. certification and maintenance of light sport aircraft. PCAA has adopted new standards for the manufacturing. and airworthiness. C. D1. manufacturer quality assurance systems. D1. It includes. maintenance and inspection procedures. SCOPE: C1. gliders. The category of Light Sport Aircraft includes aeroplanes. an industrydeveloped consensus standard that applies to aircraft design.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) A. 27. AUTHORITY: A1.1 A maximum takeoff weight of not more than 600 kilograms or 650 kilograms for an aircraft intended for operation on water or 300 kilograms for a lighter-than-air aircraft. 10/11/2009 Page 1 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. D. standards for aircraft design and performance. production. to carry a passenger. CASA. 16. simple to operate. to be operated for the purpose of sport and recreation.2 Competent Authority: means the Director General Civil Aviation Authority (DG CAA) or an employee of Civil Aviation Authority. EASA. B.0 . DESCRIPTION: DEFINITIONS: The following definitions are relevant for this ANO D1. The standards have been implemented as a result of other Airworthiness Authorities such as FAA. other than a helicopter that complies with the following criteria: D1. to conduct flight training and glider towing.5 Light Sport Aircraft (LSA): is a small.

if equipped with a cabin. certification and maintenance of light sport aircraft.5 D1. Powered parachutes.5. Note: Local manufacturers would be responsible to keep abreast with the development. CASA.6 The types of aircraft that may satisfy these criteria are: D1.6 Note: Fixed wing aircraft. A fixed or auto feathering propeller system if a powered glider.2 D1.4 D1. a fixed landing gear.5.6. and Gyroplanes are not eligible for LSA airworthiness certification. Balloons. A maximum airspeed in level flight with maximum continuous power (VH) of not more than 120 knots CAS under standard atmospheric conditions at sea level.0 . If powered. revision and addition of accepted consensus standards for LSA and provide PCAA with updated copies of the same. and for a glider a fixed or retractable landing gear.6. to be operated for the purpose of sport and recreation. For an aircraft operating over land.7 Restricted E-LSA: means Restricted Experimental Light Sport Aircraft issued with Experimental Certificate for aircrafts other than Kit built aircraft and not complying requirements of Special Certificate of Airworthiness. for an aircraft intended for operation on water. Weight shift aircraft.6.8 S-LSA: means Special Light Sport Aircraft issued with Special Certificate of Airworthiness for production aircraft only. D1.5. Airships.9 D1. to conduct flight training and glider towing.5. 10/11/2009 Page 2 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1.6.6 D1. Federal Aviation Administration accepted American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM) Standards associated with Light Sport Aircraft are acceptable consensus standards for PCAA.7 D1.10 A maximum stalling speed in the landing configuration (Vso) of not more than 45 knots CAS at the aircraft’s maximum certificated takeoff weight and most critical center of gravity. D2. including the pilot. a fixed or repositionable landing gear.5. non-turbine engine fitted with a propeller.3 D1.4 D1. D1. Gliders. D3. D1. A fixed or ground-adjustable propeller if a powered aircraft other than a powered glider.5. to carry a passenger. The intended effect of these standards is to allow the manufacture of safe and economical aircraft. A non-pressurized cabin.6. etc adopting similar standards to address advances in sport and recreational aviation technology.1 PCAA has adopted new standards for the manufacturing. GENERAL D2.5. A maximum seating capacity of no more than two persons.1 D1. ACCEPTABLE CONSENSUS STANDARDS: D3.5 D1. D1.8 D1.5.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D1. The standards have been implemented as a result of other Airworthiness Authorities such as FAA. a single. EASA.6.5.2 D1.9 Special Certificate of Airworthiness: means a Certificate of Airworthiness issued to an aircraft which does not meet the requirements of an applicable comprehensive and detailed airworthiness code as required for standard category aircraft.1 For manufacturing Light Sport Aircraft (Either S-LSA or E-LSA) in Pakistan or importing Light Sport Aircraft (Both S-LSA or E-LSA) to Pakistan. If the aircraft is a glider a maximum never exceed speed Vne of 135 knots CAS.3 D1.

However.5. The use of used overhauled or reconditioned components and assemblies will be provided for in the Light Sport Aircraft manufacturer’s maintenance and inspection procedures in accordance with the accepted consensus standards. MANUFACTURING REQUIREMENTS FOR LOCAL MANUFACTURERS. D6.3 Manufacturer of Light Sport Aircraft must use those components and equipment that are in accordance with the accepted consensus standard design & performance requirements.5 Manufacturer’s shall issue statement of compliance for light-sport aircraft that must: D6.3 State that the aircraft conforms to the manufacturer’s design data.1 Identify the aircraft by make and model. D6. The manufacturer is to ensure that Light Sport Aircraft are designed and manufactured to accepted standards. serial number. D6.2 The aircraft’s maintenance and inspection procedures.5.6. class. the aircraft manufactured cannot be type-certified aircraft. using the manufacturer’s quality assurance system that meets or exceeds the accepted consensus standards. date of manufacture.8 State that at the request of the PCAA. D6.1 The product certification to the consensus standards acceptable to PCAA shall be responsibility of manufacturer. MANUFACTURING LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT IN PAKISTAN: D4. and consensus standards used.7 State that the manufacturer will monitor and correct safety of-flight issues through the issuance of safety directives and a continued airworthiness system that meets the accepted consensus standards. To satisfy this.1 Manufacturers need to demonstrate they are suitably qualified to manufacture Light Sport Aircraft.6. D6.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D4.6 State that the manufacturer will make available to PCAA / aircraft owner the following documents that meet the accepted consensus standards: D6.92. and 10/11/2009 Page 3 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. The manufacturer must file the ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR) for each design/or its revised version. the manufacturer needs to be suitably qualified and should comply with the quality assurance and production test acceptance standards. D6.4 The manufacturer is required to be an organization certificate approval holder for Light Sport Aircraft as per Para 6 of this document and the manufacturer will have the manufacturing rights as applicable.0002 with the exemptions mentioned at Para 7 of this ANO) D6. D6. However. D6.6. D6. the manufacturer is also responsible for ensuring the continuing airworthiness of each aircraft. For an aircraft to be eligible for Special Airworthiness Certificate for Light Sport Aircraft.2 The manufacturer is to ensure that Light Sport Aircraft are manufactured as per the design requirements and quality systems of the applicable consensus standards acceptable to PCAA. a manufacturer should hold an organization approval (manufacturing) certificate (Refer latest issue of ANO No. Type Certificate or Production Certificate shall not be issued for Light Sport Aircraft.3 The aircraft’s flight training supplement. the manufacturer will provide unrestricted access to its facilities for inspection. D6.1 The certification and continuing airworthiness of LSA is the responsibility of the manufacturer. As well as this. D6. D5. Each aircraft is to be certificated individually.1 The aircraft’s operating instructions. D6. MANUFACTURER’S QUALIFICATIONS: D5.2 State that the aircraft meets the provisions of the applicable accepted consensus standards.5.0 .

5 D7.1 (a).2. (e). type.1 While applying for organization approval (manufacturing) certificate under the latest version of ANO-92.. skin corrosion. (f). Para 27. window delamination / crazing. age. The manufacturer verifies the aircraft’s proper function on the ground and in flight according to the applicable accepted consensus standards.9 State that the manufacturer.9.0002 ‘Approval of Organizations (Manufacturing)’. the manufacturer must obtain temporary registration mark from PCAA. (g).9. The aircraft items evaluated depend on information such as aircraft make.1 Ground and flight tested the aircraft. model.2. D6. D6.0 . PCAA Airworthiness inspector will make an initial determination as to the overall condition of the aircraft.10 Manufacturer that issues the statement of compliance is responsible for the quality of Light Sport Aircraft.9. (c).AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D6.2. This refers to the condition of the aircraft relative to wear and deterioration.3 D7. fluid leaks. For conducting a production flight testing in Pakistan. The manufacturer’s quality assurance responsibility includes material supplied and assembly work performed by persons. (k). (d).13 A production test flight will be carried out after completion of each product. (b). the LSA manufacturer is exempted from the following provisions as stated in the above mentioned ANO: D7. (l).2 Para 3.3 Determined that the aircraft is in a condition for safe operation. completeness of maintenance records of the aircraft. (i).6 10/11/2009 Para 10.4 D7.2 Found the aircraft performance acceptable. However.2 D7. D6. Para 17.11 The process of manufacturing may be monitored by PCAA. and the overall condition of the aircraft. D6.2. Para 18.12 The manufacturer must perform an acceptance test of the aircraft with the requirements necessary to prove the aircraft’s reliability and functionality. EXEMPTIONS FOR OBTAINING CERTIFICATE FOR LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT: MANUFACTURING ORGANIZATIONS D7. in accordance with a production acceptance test procedure that meets an applicable consensus standard has: D6.g. e. Note: Condition for safe operation means that this is an initial determination by PCAA that the overall condition of an aircraft is conducive to safe operations within the normal flight envelope. This temporary registration mark allotted to the newly manufactured LSA will not be a part of the Pakistan Aircraft Register and will be issued only for the purpose of carrying out production test flights. Para 28. etc. D7.1 D7. (n) and (o).2. including dealers and distributors acting as an extension of the manufacturer. New manufacturers have to show PCAA compliance with all aspects of applicable accepted consensus standards by filing ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR) for the very first aircraft to be manufactured.2. tire wear. the ultimate responsibility to ensure that the product is manufactured in accordance with the acceptable consensus standards lies with the manufacturer. D7.2. Para 19. D6.1. The manufacturer must document the acceptance test results and determine whether the aircraft is in a condition for safe operation. All production aircraft must obtain Flight Test permission from PCAA to accomplish the flight test requirements. and D6. Page 4 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1.

7 D7.3 If the manufacturer decides to include a type certificated product such as an engine or propeller in its aircraft. overseas Light Sport Aircraft manufacturers are required to be from a Contracting State. To ensure compliance with the Pakistan applicable acceptable consensus Standards.0 . and radio and communication equipment. overseas manufacturers will be required to show evidence that they meet similar requirements to local manufacturers by filing the ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR) with PCAA.2.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D7. D10. warning decals. flight instruments. This may include type certificated engines or propellers or other products such as transponders. D10.2. conformity details of the aircraft. PCAA may issue a certificate stating that Pakistan is an ICAO contracting state and the consensus standards acceptable to PCAA are the FAA accepted ASTM standards associated with Light Sport Aircraft.1 For a Light Sport Aircraft to be certified and operated in Pakistan. OVERSEAS MANUFACTURERS: D8. Also the manufacturer is required to provide copies of the aircraft operating instructions. Also an airworthiness directive (AD) applicable to an aeronautical product is required to be complied with in accordance with the requirements of the AD.8 Para 30 and Para 43 D7.1 It should be noted that other NAAs may have different requirements for Light Sport Aircraft. D10. the manufacturer will be required to continually monitor the airworthiness of these aircraft in accordance with the Light Sport Aircraft Continued Operational Safety Monitoring standard. the aircraft maintenance and inspection procedures and the aircraft flight training supplement. Therefore.2 The manufacturer will also need to provide product information in accordance with the acceptable Light Sport Aircraft standards.1 As PCAA will not be responsible for the continuing airworthiness of these aircraft. however. D9. prior to designing and manufacturing aircraft for the overseas market.4 Upon completion of manufacturing the aircraft.3 Director Airworthiness is authorized to grant exemption / waiver under any other provisions of this ANO subject to such conditions as specified. the manufacturer is required to sign a Statement of Compliance (see example at Appendix ‘A’ to this ANO) indicating the aircraft conforms with the identified applicable Light Sport Aircraft standards acceptable to PCAA and/or NAA where it is to be exported. This will include the data plate. EXPORTING LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT OVERSEAS: D9. D8. investigate service defects and address safety critical defects with corrective action in the form of a safety directives issued to all affected owners/registered operators. aircraft operating instructions. 10/11/2009 Page 5 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. it is crucial that the manufacturer considers the applicable NAA requirements for Light Sport Aircraft certification and operation in that particular country. the aircraft flight training supplement and the maintenance and inspection procedures. Note: PCAA will not issue export C of A. This will require the manufacturer to manage a database of all owners of aircraft in Pakistan and overseas. MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (S-LSA) : D10. then these components are still subject to the requirements of the NAA regulations. D10.

The manufacturer will also need to provide aircraft assembly instructions.1 The manufacturer is required to have a system to monitor and correct safety of flight issues in accordance with the ASTM standard for Continued Operational Safety Monitoring of Light Sport Aircraft.3 For the kit built E-LSA aircraft to be eligible for an experimental certificate. However.4 The manufacturer is not responsible for the assembly and acceptance testing of a kit built aircraft.1 For an E-LSA kit manufactured outside of Pakistan. D11. (Note that the standard for production testing is not applicable on Kit Built Aircrafts). To achieve this. D13. the manufacturer will need to produce a production aircraft issued with a Special Certificate of Airworthiness in the S-LSA category of the same make and model and must file its respective ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR) with PCAA. 10/11/2009 Page 6 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. before a kit built E-LSA or Restricted Category E-LSA can be accepted for an experimental certificate.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D11. the model number must have an “S” prefix for S-LSA and “E” prefix to E-LSA aircraft model numbers respectively. the manufacturer needs to identify the assembly instructions for the aircraft meeting the applicable Light Sport Aircraft standard for kit assembly. Note: To indicate the difference between the Production and kit built aircraft. D12.0 . in addition to requirements prescribed in para 13 above. E-LSA aircrafts can only be used for the conversion training of the aircraft owner only. D11. The over sea’s manufacturer must file ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR) with PCAA for the respective aircraft. aircraft maintenance and inspection procedures and an aircraft flight training supplement. satisfactory evidence needs to be presented to show that the aircraft was manufactured and assembled to the applicable Light Sport Aircraft standards via filing of respective ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR) with PCAA. This requires the manufacturer to evaluate all significant defects and correct any unsafe condition that may exist in the remaining fleet. the manufacturer should provide a method for the operator of the aircraft to report any service difficulty.0013. This responsibility lies with the owner. Instead of complying with the production aircraft test standards. IMPORT OF KIT BUILT E-LSA: D12.2 A kit built E-LSA is manufactured to the same applicable Light Sport Aircraft standards as the production aircraft S-LSA of the same make and model except the standards relating to production testing are not applicable. The manufacturer would be responsible for monitoring and notifying operators to correct unsafe conditions in aircraft for as long as the aircraft are registered in Pakistan. The manufacturer will need to provide to the owner of the aircraft a Statement of Compliance indicating that the aircraft kit complies with the applicable Light Sport Aircraft standards for a kit aircraft (E-LSA). operating instructions. the applicant shall provide evidence to PCAA that the aircraft kit was manufactured in a country which is ICAO contracting state and with which the Pakistan has import / export agreements. MANUFACTURING EXPERIMENTAL AIRCRAFT (E-LSA): D11. D11.1 An E-LSA kit is not required to follow the 50 percent rule as required for other experimental amateur built aircraft kit aircraft latest version of ANO 9. The manufacturer will also need to provide information that shows a Special Certificate of Airworthiness has been issued for a production aircraft (S-LSA) of the same make and model. CONTINUED OPERATIONAL SAFETY MONITORING OF LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (BOTH S-LSA AND E-LSA): D13.

However. This would only occur if PCAA considered that other requirements by the manufacturer were inappropriate or did not address a safety critical issue. if the manufacturer does not approve an application.1 For S-LSA aircraft issued with a Special Certificate of Airworthiness. D16. D14. All modifications should be made in accordance with the Light Sport Aircraft standards applicable to the aircraft. the owner will be required to have the Special Certificate of Airworthiness amended to an experimental certificate for E-LSA. MODIFICATIONS: D16. It is also suggested that all SDs maybe uploaded on the manufacturer’s website for easy access to the local and overseas operators. D16. It is therefore the responsibility of the registered operator to notify the manufacturer of any safety-of-flight issue or significant service difficulty upon discovery. the registered operator must comply with the requirements of the manufacturer’s SD. The manufacturer is to assess the application and if the safety justification satisfactorily addresses the safety issue. the manufacturer may approve an alternative means of compliance against the SD.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D14. The operator may apply to the manufacturer for a variation or exemption against the SD provided suitable safety justification is included in the application. D14. Therefore. It is recommended. the manufacturer include a statement in the relevant documents that when the aircraft changes ownership. PCAA SAFETY DIRECTIONS: D15. In such a circumstance.1 The manufacturer may decide that a Safety Direction (SD) is required to correct an unsafe condition. The owner should be aware that the operational privileges will be reduced when operating under an experimental certificate. Failure to comply with a SD is considered a serious breach of the regulations and would result in regulatory action against the registered operator.2 The owner of a production S-LSA should be aware that unapproved modification of the aircraft will result in the Special Certificate of Airworthiness no longer being in force. This requires the manufacturer to evaluate all significant defects and correct any unsafe condition that may exist in the remaining fleet. SERVICE DEFECTS / SAFETY DIRECTIONS (BOTH S-LSA AND E-LSA): D14. In such circumstances PCAA must write to the registered operator of the aircraft concerned detailing the operating limitations required for the aircraft. To achieve this. the manufacturer should provide a method for the operator to report any service difficulty. The operator is required to comply with the additional operating limitations to maintain the Airworthiness of aircraft. the manufacturer is notified of the new owner’s (registered operator’s) name and address.0 .1 In the interests of safety.2 When a registered operator receives a Safety Direction (SD). Modifications that are not approved by the manufacturer will result in the revoking of the Special Certificate of Airworthiness. the manufacturer is responsible for approving all modifications. D15. the manufacturer should issue a notice to all the known registered operators of the affected aircraft with a copy to PCAA. 10/11/2009 Page 7 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. PCAA may include additional operating limitations to an aircraft.3 The manufacturer is responsible for the continuing airworthiness of their aircraft in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard for Continued Operational Safety Monitoring of Light Sport Aircraft. very important and is a requirement with the Light Sport Aircraft standard that the manufacturer has the current contact information of all owners/registered operators of their aircraft in Pakistan and overseas. It is therefore. the operating rules require the operator to comply with the requirements of the directive.

CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION: D19. One is for kit built E-LSA and the other is for aircraft that no longer satisfy the requirements of the Special C of A for S-LSA and are demoted to Restricted Category E-LSA (Refer para 23 below). D20.0 .2 Before operation of the aircraft.g rental charter etc. the manufacturer should have produced a production aircraft (S-LSA) of the same model issued with a Special Certificate of Airworthiness. PCAA will not revert / convert experimental certificate for Light Sport Aircraft to special certificate of airworthiness (S-LSA).1 For Light Sport Aircraft (Both S-LSA and E-LSA).1 There are two types of Certificates of Airworthiness for Light Sport Aircraft. D18.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D17. D20. D19. 10/11/2009 Page 8 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. D20. REGISTRATION OF LSA: D18. the C of R shall be cancelled. These aircraft can only be used for private purposes and for conversion flying training of the owner only. PCAA shall evaluate and issue Experimental certificate on case to case basis only after being satisfied that the aircraft is still in condition of safe operation. sport / recreation.3 Scope of Experimental Certificates for E-LSA .0003. D17. The Special Certificate of Airworthiness remains valid provided the aircraft is maintained in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer and the aircraft has not been modified unless approved by the manufacturer.1 Light Sport Aircraft can be registered in Pakistan in accordance with latest version of ANO 92. and an Experimental Certificate for Kit build or restricted category Light Sport Aircraft (E-LSA). • Kit built LSA – Before an experimental certificate for E-LSA can be issued. These aircraft may be used for private operations.There are two types of experimental certificates for LSA. the pilot is required to inform the passenger that the aircraft does not meet the same requirements for a standard certificate of airworthiness. PLACARDS AND WARNINGS: D17. with the wording: “THIS AIRCRAFT WAS MANUFACTURED / ASSEMBLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS AND DOES NOT CONFORM TO STANDARD CATEGORY AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS”.1 If the Special or Experimental C of A is not renewed within 24 months from its date of expiry. a Special Certificate of Airworthiness for production Light Sport Aircraft (S-LSA). to carry passengers. and to conduct flight training and towing gliders. These aircraft can only be used for private purposes and for conversion flying training of the owner. Another circumstance may be that the manufacturer has gone out of business and no suitable persons or organization has taken over the continuing airworthiness functions for the aircraft. Note: In any case. There are a number of circumstances where this could arise such as the production aircraft has been modified without the manufacturer’s approval or has not been maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s requirements. CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS FOR LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT: D20. There is no requirement that the owner should build 50% of the aircraft. • Non-Compliant Production S-LSA – The experimental certificate provides a means for aircraft that no longer comply with the requirements of the Special C of A for S-LSA.2 Scope of Special Certificate of Airworthiness for S-LSA. The aircraft shall not be flown for any commercial operation e. an information placard is required to be displayed in the cabin or cockpit at a location in full view of the passenger and the pilot.

and access to existing manufacturer’s data of aircraft configuration and registered operators of the aircraft.2 D22.1 Special Certificate of Airworthiness for S-LSA .2.2.2. the applicant should provide to PCAA.1 ground-tested and flight-tested the aircraft.4 D21.1 D21. the aircraft’s maintenance and inspection procedures and the aircraft’s flight training supplement that complies with the applicable Light Sport Aircraft standards.2.1 In the event that a manufacturer no longer exists or can no longer provide continuing airworthiness support to registered operators of their aircraft. and facilities. APPLICATION FOR A SPECIAL CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS: D22.0 10/11/2009 .4 D22.3 D21.2 Copies of the aircraft operating instructions.2 D21.8 D22.7 A statement of compliance by the manufacturer which indicates: The aircraft’s make. a competent person may be appointed by PCAA to carry out the continuing airworthiness support.6 D22. and the aircraft complies with the specified applicable Light Sport Aircraft standards.5 a system to monitor and correct safety of flight issues in accordance with the Consensus standard for Continued Operational Safety Monitoring of Light Sport Aircraft. the aircraft conforms to the manufacturer’s design data. The manufacturer will make available to any interested person the aircraft’s operating instructions. tools and trained or appropriately experienced staff suitable for providing the CAW for these aircraft. D22.2.2.2. The manufacturer will monitor the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft and will issue directions or requirements that comply with the Light Sport Aircraft standards to correct any unsafe condition.2.7.2.3 the aircraft is in a condition for safe operation. If no-one satisfies the PCAA approval criteria or no person applies to PCAA for appointment. The Light Sport Aircraft applicable standards that apply to the design of the aircraft.2. the aircraft maintenance and inspection procedures and the aircraft flight-training supplement. WHAT HAPPENS IF A MANUFACTURER NO LONGER EXISTS (FOR BOTH S-LSA AND E-LSA): D21.2. In such situation these aircraft can continue to be operated under an experimental certificate for Light Sport Aircraft.7. and an audit system (internal or external) that complies with the Light Sport Aircraft quality standards.2. D22.5 D22. D21.2.1 D22.When applying for a Special Certificate of Airworthiness. either: Information detailing a current production certificate. or Page 9 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1.2. the existing Light Sport Aircraft can no longer operate under a Special Certificate of Airworthiness.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D21. the following: D22.2. and Evidence of manufacturer’s qualification to manufacture a Light Sport Aircraft.2 found the aircraft’s performance during ground and flight D22.2. model. a person should have: D21. Manufacturer must provide a copy of contacts of all the registered aircraft to PCAA before its closure of operations for whatever reason.9 testing acceptable. D22. The manufacturer’s quality assurance system complies with the Light Sport Aircraft standards and based on that system. serial number and date of manufacture.7. and contracted engineering personnel with experience in light aircraft design and repair to ensure compliance with the LSA standards.2 For PCAA to appoint a competent person to carry out the continuing airworthiness function of the manufacturer. D22. The production acceptance test procedure complies with the applicable Light Sport Aircraft standards and the manufacturer has: D22.3 D22.2.

2. PCAA or the authorized person may take a copy of the manufacturer’s statement of compliance.4 The manufacturer will make available to any interested person the aircraft’s operating instructions.18.1 Special Certificate of Airworthiness would be valid for a period of 12 months.2. PCAA or the authorized person inspects the aircraft to determine if it is in a safe condition.6 A copy of the manufacturer’s assembly instructions.18.2. D22. the aircraft conforms to the manufacturer’s design data.12 PCAA or the authorized person inspects the aircraft to determine if it is in a safe condition. or D22.2. D22.17 A statement of compliance by the manufacturer which indicates: The aircraft’s make model serial number and date of manufacture.When applying for an experimental certificate for a kit built E-LSA. D22.2. The design of the aircraft complies with the Light Sport Aircraft standards. D22.2. the aircraft maintenance and inspection procedures and the aircraft flight-training supplement are required to be returned to the applicant. D22. or an authorized person. The manufacturer’s quality assurance system complies with the Light Sport Aircraft standards and based on that system.11 If the aircraft has been imported into Pakistan.17.18.5 The manufacturer will monitor the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft and will issue directions or requirements that comply with the Light Sport Aircraft standards to correct any unsafe condition.17.17.15 Written information that a production aircraft of the same make and model has been issued a Special Certificate of Airworthiness for S-LSA or a similar document form a Contracting State. However.2.2. D22.2. and other relevant documentation excluding the ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR) for its records.17.18 Information detailing a current production certificate.2. the aircraft operating instructions. and other relevant documentation excluding the ASTM Comprehensive Compliance Report (CCR). The completion of the inspection and maintenance records and a manufacturer’s compliance statement is a sound basis for establishing whether the aircraft is in condition for safe operation. the applicant should provide to PCAA.2. DURATION OF SPECIAL CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS FOR LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT: D23.2 D22.17. D22. D22.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D22. written information indicating that the aircraft is eligible for a Certificate of Airworthiness or other similar document issued by the NAA of a contracting state.2.1 D22.1 D22.2.17. 10/11/2009 Page 10 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. D22.2. D22.16 Copies of the aircraft operating instructions. D22.2 A declaration in writing indicating the manufacturer is qualified in accordance with regulation mentioned at para 7 of this ANO.7 Evidence of manufacturer’s qualification to manufacture a Light Sport Aircraft.3 D22.2.0 . the aircraft operating instructions. for its records.14 Experimental certificate for an E-LSA kit .2.2.2. the following: D22.10 A declaration in writing indicating the manufacturer is qualified in accordance with regulation mentioned at D4 of this ANO. the aircraft maintenance and inspection procedures and the aircraft flight-training supplement.13 PCAA or the authorized person may take a copy of the manufacturer’s statement of compliance. However. the aircraft maintenance and inspection procedures and the aircraft flight-training supplement should be returned to the applicant.17. the aircraft’s maintenance and inspection procedures and the aircraft’s flight training supplement that complies with the Light Sport Aircraft standards.2.3 D23. The completion of the inspection and maintenance records and a manufacturer’s compliance statement is a sound basis for establishing whether the aircraft is in condition for safe operation. either: D22.

Transfer of ownership etc. under 5. and glider towing where the gliders weight is not more then the aircraft’s maximum weight. AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES: D25. not for hire.2 D26.1 Light Sport Aircraft issued with an Experimental certificate can be used for following: D26. ELT.4 D26. DURATION OF EXPERIMENTAL CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS FOR LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT: D24.2. D26. D26. D25. Documents on Board.1. For example.3 Typical ADs that need to be considered include “/GENERAL/” ADs that are applicable to “all aircraft…”.1 In general. 10/11/2009 Page 11 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. Note: All existing CAA regulations/requirements (vis-à-vis Log Books. to carry passengers without age limit. sport / recreation where cross country flights are allowed. flight instruments.T.1 The duration of an experimental certificate issued for operating light-sport aircraft is unlimited.1 D26.700 Kgs. unless the PCAA establishes a specific period for good cause.1. Mobile radio license (P. OPERATING LIMITATIONS: D26. the Light Sport Aircraft manufacturer will be responsible for issuing Safety Directions.2 However. it is the responsibility of the operator to ensure compliance with that AD. which are mandatory for production Light Sport Aircraft (S-LSA).1 sport / recreation where cross country flights need special permission. an aircraft fitted with a transponder must comply with the requirements.2. D25. Retention of record. Note: The aircraft issued with E-LSA certificate shall not be used for any rental / commercial operations. PCAA issues Airworthiness Directives (AD) against type certificated aircraft and only in exceptional circumstances will PCAA issue an AD against Light Sport Aircraft. ADs against type certificated products such as engines or propellers.A).2. 94 and are subject to applicable Pakistani airworthiness directives unless specifically exempt.2.) for ‘Type Certified’ aircrafts.2 to carry passengers. D26. D26. radio communication and navigation equipment. Thus. Light Sport Aircraft are Pakistani aircraft as defined in CARs.1.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D24.3 D26. Weight and Balance. if an aeronautical product installed on a Light Sport Aircraft is subject to a Pakistani AD.2. holds valid on these aircrafts unless otherwise Specified in CARs and relevant ANOs or Airworthiness Notices. compass swing.3 Conversion flight training for the owner only.2 Production aircraft (S-LSA) with a Special Certificate of Airworthiness can be used for the following purposes: D26.5 Note: private operations where cross country flights are allowed.4 The requirement to comply with such ADs applies to both production aircraft with a Special Certificate of Airworthiness for S-LSA and to E-LSA issued with an Experimental Certificate. For critical safety of flight issues. D25. or ADs applicable to equipment such as transponders. The aircraft issued with S-LSA certificate shall not be used for any rental / commercial operations other than flying training and glider towing. flight training.0 . First Aid Kit. over 18 years of age for Sport or Recreational ride only. D25. Ownership plate.

“X” (Electrical Installations and Instruments) on any aircraft below 5. D28.1 The manufacturer is responsible for the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft and therefore it is very important that the aircraft Owner/Registered Operator notify the manufacturer of a change of address or ownership. a condition inspection shall be performed by: D28.4 Holder of LWTR in respective categories i. “C”.1 The maintenance for production aircraft (S-LSA) issued with a Special Certificate of Airworthiness is required to be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s maintenance procedures. If the aircraft is used for flying training. for the specific aircraft. MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION: D27. “C”. Also if the manufacturer has issued mandatory requirements that have not been carried out due to the aircraft Owner/Registered Operator not notifying of change of address or ownership. then the Special Certificate of Airworthiness will no longer be valid. the aircraft is required to be inspected every 12 months. the aircraft is to be inspected every 100 hours of Time in Service (TIS) or every year whichever occurs first. If an aircraft has been idle for an extended period of 24 months or more. Continued operation with an invalid Special Certificate of Airworthiness is a contravention of the regulations.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D27. In such circumstances where the manufacturer is not notified. However.1. Or D28. the inspection and maintenance is required only once during the period but within 12 months of the next flight. D29.1. D27. On account of renewal of Special Certificate of Airworthiness.1 Manufacturer who has issued the statement of compliance for the aircraft. Or D28. “X” and “R”. Note: In the case where the manufacturer no longer exists.1.e. MAINTENANCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT ISSUED WITH SPECIAL AND EXPERIMENTAL CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS: D28.2 Manufacturer who has claimed responsibility for continued airworthiness of the aircraft. If the aircraft is used for private purposes only. the owner will not be aware of critical safety issues that may require urgent inspection or modification therefore compromising the safety integrity of the aircraft. Or D28. 10/11/2009 Page 12 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. Note: PCAA shall not issue AMEL endorsement for any Light Sport Aircraft.1 Following are permitted to perform maintenance on Light Sport Aircraft issued with Special Certificate of Airworthiness. “A”. CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR OWNERSHIP: D29.1. glider towing or hire. PCAA may approve a person to perform the functions of the manufacturer to approve modifications and maintenance procedures. the incumbent will be granted authorization by Airworthiness Directorate after apprearing in oral examination to AW Dte. work carried out on Light Sport Aircraft shall be accounted for ‘Aviation Experience’ only. in case of Category “A”.2 The inspection of these aircraft is required to be in accordance with the manufacturer’s inspection procedures and recommendations. “C” and “X”.0 .3 Holder of PCAA issued AME license in respective categories “A”.700 kg and LWTR In Cat “R” (Radar Systems and Comm / Nav).

HQ CAA. AMENDMENTS AND MODIFICATIONS: D30.1 Any subsequent amendments or modifications to this ANO may be processed and incorporated through Airworthiness Directorate. E. REFERENCES Nil 10/11/2009 Page 13 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. RECORDS: Nil E3.0 . in consultation with Chief Legal Services. EVIDENCES (ACRONYMS / RECORDS / REFERENCES): E1. HQ CAA as and when required or deemed expedient or appropriate. ACRONYMS: AD AMEL ANO ASTM CAR 94 CASA CCR DGCAA EASA E-LSA FAA LSA NAA PCAA SD S-LSA TIS Airworthiness Directive Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Licence Air Navigation Order American Society for Testing and Materials Civil Aviation Rules 1994 Civil Aviation Safety Authority Comprehensive Compliance Report Director General Civil Aviation Authority European Aviation Safety Agency Experimental Light Sports Aircraft Federal Aviation Administration Light Sport Aircraft National Aviation Authority PAKISTAN CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY Safety Direction Special Light Sports Aircraft Time in Service E2.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) D30.

AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) IMPLEMENTATION: This Air Navigation Order shall be implemented with effect from 10th November. 10/11/2009 Page 14 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1.0 . 2009.

3. 33. 9. 35. No. 27. 18. 24. 17.0 . Exemptions for obtaining manufacturing organizations certificate for light sport aircraft: Overseas manufacturers: Exporting light sport aircraft overseas: Manufacturing production light sport aircraft (S-LSA) : Manufacturing Experimental Aircraft (E-LSA): Import Of Kit Built E-LSA: Continued Operational Safety Monitoring Of Light Sport Aircraft (Both S-LSA and E-LSA): Service Defects / Safety Directions (Both S-LSA AND E-LSA): PCAA Safety Directions: Modifications: Placards and warnings: Registration Of LSA: Cancellation of Registration: Certificate of airworthiness for light sport aircraft: What Happens if a Manufacturer no longer exists (For both S-LSA AND E-LSA): Application for a special certificate of airworthiness: Duration of special certificate of airworthiness for light sport aircraft: Duration Of Experimental Certificate Of Airworthiness For Light Sport Aircraft: Airworthiness Directives: Operating Limitations: Maintenance and inspection: Maintenance authorizations for light sport aircraft issued with special and experimental certificate of airworthiness: Change of address or ownership: Amendments & Modifications. 6. 29. 4. 28. 15. 7. 2. 13. Contents Authority Purpose Scope Description Definitions General Acceptable consensus standards: Manufacturing light sport aircraft in Pakistan: Manufacturer’s qualifications: Manufacturing requirements for local manufacturers. Evidences (Acronyms / Records / References) Implementation Page No. 01 01 01 01 01 02 02 03 03 03 04 05 05 05 06 06 06 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 09 09 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 14 10/11/2009 Page 15 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. 14. 22. 25. 23. 1. 36. 34. 16. 21. 5. 19. 31. 20. 10. 26. 8. 32. 12. 30. 11.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) INDEX Sr.

Aircraft Make 9. Use additional page if required Manufacturer Quality Assurance System (List applicable items) III. and (4) is in a condition for safe operation. (2) conforms to the manufacturer’s design data. Applicable user manuals Revision Revision Revision Revision ) Date issued ( / / ) Date( / / Date issued ( / / ) Date( / / ) Revision Revision Revision ) IV.yy): 8. Name: Signature: Title: Date: Name: Title: Date: 10/11/2009 Page 16 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. Aircraft Serial No. 7. This aircraft (1) was manufactured following the consensus standard(s) procedures and Manufacturer’s Quality Assurance System identified on this statement.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) APPENDIX “A“ CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY Airworthiness Directorate LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT STATEMENT OF COMPLIANCE 1.0 . Address: 4. Manufacturer’s Certification CERTIFICATION: I hereby certify that aircraft serial number complies with the Consensus Standard(s) identified on this statement of compliance and that the Manufacturer’s Continued Airworthiness System will be adhered to support the aircraft throughout its life. No. Manufacturer Process Document. □ Airplane □ Powered Parachute □ Weight-shift control □ Lighter than Air Consensus Standards (List below or use attachments) Aircraft Operating Instructions (List applicable items) Consensus Standard: Aircraft Maintenance and Inspection Procedures (List applicable items) Consensus Standard: Aircraft Flight Training Supplement (List applicable items) Consensus Standard: Comments (if any). Max.Date of Manufacture (dd.mm. Aircraft Information 3. Consensus Standard: Manufacturer Continued Airworthiness System (List applicable items) Consensus Standard: Revision Revision Revision Revision Valid until ( / / ) Date issued ( / / ) Date( / / ) Date issued ( / / ) Date( / / Date issued ( / / ) Date( / / ) II. MTOW 2. of occupants 5. the manufacturer will provide unrestricted access to its facilities. Manufacturer: I. VH 6. at the request of PCAA. VS1 Class of light sport aircraft (Check all applicable items) □ Operation on water. (3) was ground and flight tested successfully. Additionally. Aircraft Model 10.

Enclosures: (Refer relevant Airworthiness Notices / ANO) I hereby enclose following along-with this form. Nationality of Owner: 4. Declaration: (c) (d) □ Experimental Light Sport □ Experimental Light Sport (Restricted) I hereby declare that the above particulars are true in every respect. Name & Address of Applicant. Signature: Name: Designation: Date: (FOR USE IN CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY) REMARK Signature: Name Designation: Date: 10/11/2009 Page 17 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. Standard Certificate of Airworthiness (Issued in accordance with ICAO Annex ‘8’): Category: Sub-Division: b. Nationality and Registration Marks (If already allotted): 6. if other then Owner: 5. (a) Receipt of fee (b) 10. Address of Owner: 3. Details about aircraft: (i) Name & Address of Manufacturer / Builder: (ii) Designation of aircraft: (iii) Aircraft Serial No: (iv) Year of Construction: (v) All up Weight: (vi) Empty Weight: (vii) Seating Capacity: (a) Flight Crew: (b) Passengers: 7. a. Name of Owner (in full): 2.0 . give full particulars: 8. Special Certificate of Airworthiness (Tick One) □ Light Sport Class (Tick One): □ Airplane □ Glider □ Weight Shift □ Powered Parachute □ Lighter than air 9.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) APPENDIX “B“ CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY Airworthiness Directorate APPLICATION FOR ISSUE OF CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS 1. Has Special Certificate of Airworthiness in respect of the aircraft been issued by Civil Aviation Authority of country of origin? If so.

This certificate is valid for the period(s) shown below: From: To: From: To: From: To: From: To: From: To: From: To: From: To: From: To: NOTE: No entries or endorsements may be made on this Certificate except in the manner and by the person authorized for that purpose by the Director General Civil Aviation Authority. Powered Parachute or Lighter than air) 5. Serial No. 10/11/2009 Page 18 of 18 ANO-018-AWXX-1. being quoted. No person may operate the aircraft for carrying persons or property for compensation or hire. Glider. Experimental Light Sport or Experimental Light Sport (Restricted)) Purpose: (Airplane.0 . Karachi. This aircraft does not meet the requirements of airworthiness code as provided by Annex 8 to the Convention of International Civil Aviation. the Director General Civil Aviation Authority should be informed at once. Category : (Special Light Sport. Pakistan. If this Certificate is lost. the Certificate No. Date of Issue: for DIRECTOR AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTOR GENERAL Signature. 4. JIAP. Any person finding this Certificate should forward it immediately to the Director General Civil Aviation Authority. No person may operate the aircraft except for the provisions prescribed in current Air Navigation Order No.: 1. official stamp & date 6.0009. No person may operate the aircraft over any foreign country without special permission from that country. Name Address Model Manufacturer / Builder 3. Nationality and Registration Marks 2.AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR LIGHT SPORTS AIRCRAFT (LSA) APPENDIX “C“ CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY Airworthiness Directorate SPECIAL CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATE NO. Weight Shift. 92.

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