# Assignment 1- Materials Characterization (First year M.

Tech)

1. Nine strips of pure, fully annealed copper wire deformed plastically by being passed between a pair of rotating rollers so that the strips were made thinner and longer. The increase in length produced were 1 , 10 ,20,30,40,50,60,70,and 100 percent respectively. The diamond pyramid hardness of each piece was measured after rolling. The results are given in the following table.
Nominal strain Hardness(MN m-2) 0.01 423 0.1 606 0.2 756 0.3 870 0.4 957 0.5 1029 0.6 1080 0.7 1116 1.0 1170

Assuming that a diamond –pyramid hardness test creates a further nominal strain, on average, of 0.08 and that the hardness value is 3 times the true strain, construct the curve of nominal stress against nominal strain. ( Hint: add 0.08 to each value of nominal strain in the table) Using the plot , find i) tensile strength of copper ii) the strain at which tensile failure commences iii) the percentage reduction in cross sectional area at this strain iv) the work required to initiate tensile failure in a cubic metre of annealed copper. Why can copper survive a much higher extension during rolling than during a tensile test? (Answers : 217MPa, 0.6 approximately, 38 % , 109MJ) 2. The following data were obtained in a tensile test on a specimen with 50mm gauge length and a cross sectional area of 160mm2.

0.050 12

0.1 25

0.15 32

0.2 36

0.25 40

0.3 42

1.25 63

2.5 80

3.75 93

5 100

6.25 101

7.50 90

Jagadeesha T, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Calicut.

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