Nagib Tajdin Montreal, August 22, 1985 "Imam never disappears...

Imam must be present in this world to guide His followers in any time, for their good, to guide them to the Right Path and for the maintenance of Imâmat." Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah Cutchh Nagalpûr, 28-11-1903.

REFLECTION ON the IMAMAT OF AARON, ELEAZAR AND PHINEAS
To follow upon our article "Reflection on Imâmat of Melchizedek and of Terah" (26-101984), we will analyze the obvious signs here showing the presence of Imam at the time of the Prophet Moses. The advance of our analysis will lead us to consider the making of Imâmat by succession as well as the handing-over of the "dasond" to the Imam. Finally we will end, by using on the holy Books, to identify three Imams that have existed in this era. While speaking about the time when Imâmat was not declared publicly, it is interesting to note allusions at this institution in the Bible, more particularly in the Old Testament. Let us begin with the more recent sources:

IMAM AND PROPHET
"Ali was Himself the Holy Aaron, who showed the White Hand to Moïse..." Riquat, "the Poem of the Manifestations", Ismailitica, p.76. "You (Ali) are for me what Aaron was for Moses..." Muhammad prophet, Hadith, Bukhari 62-9(7). Whereas the first quotation of the poet Ismaélien Riquat points out to us the doctrines of the presence of Imam in this world in any time, the following one brings us to the start of this sharp subject. Indeed, this sentence pronounced by the Prophet Muhammad was the subject of a multitude of interpretations in the Muslim history. An observation is essential: if Moses was a prophet, Muhammad was too. As Ali was the Imam accompanying Muhammad, was Aaron the Imam accompanying Moses? Aaron had certain rights of which we find traces of in the Bible. This was only to show that Hazrat Ali had the same rights, the passages of the Bible treating of these rights have a certain interest if not an unquestionable interest for all the Muslims.

Even less the existence of Aaron is quoted. half-brothers. Indeed. This woman gave birth to a son who was named Moses. and the other having Sarah. However Aaron had been born three years before Moïse as we will see it soon. One having Hagar as a mother. the relation between Ali and Muhammad are close to that which would have been like brothers. neither the name of the father. An attentive reading of the Bible gives us a precise image making it possible to refute the generally allowed opinion on the existing fraternal bond between Moses and Aaron. which would imply according to Hadith of the Prophet that Ali would be the brother of Muhammad. Were Moses and Aaron brothers. Astonishing is the way in which the birth of Moses is told. nor that of her sister is quoted. However we know that the parents of the Prophet Muhammad had died with his birth and that he was raised by the father of Hazrat Ali. From this point of view. having for parents the same father and the same mother? The question is crucial because it evokes the distinction between the line of Imâmat and that of Prophecy. Moses is put in a basket which from goes away to drift on the river. Following the decree of the Pharaon to kill the Jewish male new-born babies. neither that of the mother. Until there.It is generally accepted that Moses was the brother of Aaron. we know that the Prophet Abraham had two sons. . Indeed the Bible teaches us that a man of the house of Lévi had taken for woman a girl of Lévi. under the vigilant eye of his sister. However such was not the case: we know that they had a family tie less brought closer. The elder Ismail received Imâmat which continued in his descent.

2. is the brother of Moses which is to him line of Isaac.Schematically: 0 = bond of marriage Contradiction is obvious: it is excluded according to this diagram that Aaron of the descent of Ssmail. . Moses. Same mother but two fathers: this solution is the only one to consider because it explains how Imâmat passed to Aaron although he was the half-brother of Moses. Aaron had all the rights to be regarded as Jew as well as his halfbrother. by his Jewish mother. This leaves us two possibilities: 1. This possibility is to be rejected from the start because Imâmat passes in the male descent. They had the same father but not the same mother. Indeed. But it is obvious that nothing is opposed so that Moses and Aaron were half-brothers.

..".the Torah does not limit the number of wives for a man. Let us redraw the genealogy of this family to clarify not only the facts presented.. sister of Aaron. Several facts assure us our assumptions are correct. This verse makes us think that Marie was sister of Aaron but half-sister of Moses. considered sister of Moses. Moreover the Bible clearly distinguishes "girl from her father" and "girl of his mother". is referred in the Bible as being the sister of Aaron: "Marie. Polygamy and the remariage created bonds from where there resulted bonds between the half-brothers and the half-sisters. died on the assembly of Hor and was collected near his people. you will die on the assembly where you will go up... For example in Lévitique XX:17. and you will be collected near your people. The conclusion is direct: Aaron and Moses were from two different peoples or tribes. but also what will follow: . the prophetess. took with her hand a tambourine.. your brother.The case does not have anything unusual . like Aaron. Marie." (Exodus XV:20). and a passage of the bible proves it in an irrefutable way: Deutéronome 32:48-51: "the Eternal spoke in Moses and known as.

Aaron was old of 83 years and 80 years Moses at the time of this meeting. One knows the history of Moses accompanied by Aaron as from this moment. Nadab and Abihu perished in strange circumstances. the first reference to Aaron is made only when Moïse is charged to go to the Pharaoh.0 = wife Moses married Sephora (3 *). According to the Bible. THE PRIESTHOOD OF AARON . Aaron had 4 sons including two. Exodus VIII:7.

This stage is already in itself an establishment symbolic system. why would have manufactured calf out of cast iron (Exodus XXXII:9) or gold (Exodus XXXII:24)? In fact the role of Aaron in this odd history of calf was limited to throw gold in fire. In was it responsible if it left a calf there? wasn't its noble goal to hold plain the people of Moses and to prevent it from dispersing? Aaron told them "to O my people well! One tests you by this calf. It is clear that Priesthood will remain in the descent of Aaron by a divine will. and after him that of its descent.. Your Lord is miséricordieux. cease drawing me by the beard and the head. They will be carried during seven days by that of his sons which will succeed to him in Priesthood. the right of Imam to receive the tithe. Follow me and obey my orders "(Coran XX:92). . Only one of these verses would be sufficient to prove the right of Aaron. RIGHT OF The IMAM TO The DASOND God orders in the Bible. I give you those which are offered to me by rise: I give them to you. as well as the gold blade (crowned diadem) in front of the tiara. At the beginning. of all the things which the children of Israel devote. who will put them when one anoints them and that they will be devoted.." This kind of verse is revealed in several places of the Bible. I have fears that you would say to me then: Why did you sow dissension among the children of Israel?" (Coran XX:95). This ayat of Coran has not only the merit to release the responsibility for Aaron in this unhappy business. More clearly in Xviii:8-9 Numbers. In Nombres XVIII:28 it is known as: "You will give the sacrificator Aaron the offering (tithe) which you will have taken for the Eternal".God called to Moses: "the man that I will have chosen will be him whose rod will flower. by a perpetual law. The EPISODE OF GOLDEN CALF One of the questions which one has the right to be posed is that if Aaron were Imam. with you and your sons. Aaron answers him of TAC with TAC: "O son of my mother. (Lévitique VIII:34). like law of oiling. to receive the tithe. And when Moses reproaches him its behavior. which explains why Aaron was he who blessed the people and not Moses (Lévitique X:22).. by a perpetual law. This passage shows how God sent His Message to indicate who was the Imam. in a perpetual way. but also gives us a genealogical precision: the expression "O son of my mother" is full with direction and is another element in favour of our hypothesis.. "the Eternal called to Aaron: Here. Imam is presented as a leader on whom was made the divine choice.. "Priesthood will belong to them (in Aaron and its sons) by a perpetual law (Exodus XXIX:9). Priesthood was given to him by Moses on the order of God: "crowned clothing of Aaron will be after him for his sons. like God ordered to him. not only for Aaron but also for several Imams of Ismaéliens. " (Xxix:29-30 Exodus). the following day the rod of Aaron had flowered. without being sharp with the practices of these people.. One also finds another passage (in Lévitique VIII:9) showing Moses posing on the head of Aaron the tiara." (Xvii:1-10 Numbers).

Dasond was given to him by the Prophet Moses: "Moses gave to the sacrificator Eléazar the tribute reserved as offering for the Eternal. X:6-8) The text further indicates to us the house from Israel cried for Aaron during thirty days. Who was Imam after Eléazar? A sign is given to us: "the Eternal spoke in Moses and known as: Phinéas son of Eléazar. et b) seuls ceux qui faisaient partie des Juifs lors du recensement avaient droit au partage des terres lors de l'arrivée à destination. Moïse died at the 120 years age and "the Eternal buried him" in the valley with the country of Moab. and make them assemble on the assembly of Hor. at the top of the mountain..(5 *) Imâmat of Aaron passed to his son Eléazar at the time of the death." (Nombres XXXI:4) According to Deutéronome. Can we suggest that Moïse was buried by Imam Eléazar just like the Prophet Muhammad was buried by Imam Ali? ÉPILOGUE The line of Imâmat does not stop with Eléazar. 20-08-1982. This task is difficult but enthralling and the discoveries are worth the effort of it. ce sujet ayant été élaboré précédemment ("Le concept et la continuité de l'Imâmat: les indices dans diverses sources religieuses". Moïse lui-même fabriqua un serpent d'airain . son of the sacrificator Aaron diverted my fury of top the children of Israel." (Numbers XXV:13) And After Phinéès? (1*) Nous laisserons de côté la position de l'Imam vis-à-vis des prophètes. Moïse and Eléazar went down from the mountain. this is why you will say that I treat with him an alliance of peace.SUCCESSION Of AARON An unknown ayat of Coran teaches us that there were indeed certain problems of acceptance when Aaron had named its successeur. his son. (3*) La fille d'un nommé Reul d'après Exode II:18. and we can follow the descent of Imâmat until today.. the alliance of a perpetual priesthood. Strip Aaron of his clothing and put them upon Eléazar.) QUI ÉTAIT DONC AARON POUR MOïSE? (2*) L'avantage d'être considéré comme juif était évident: a) les Juifs auraient accepté de ne suivre qu'un Imam issu de leur race. It will be for him and his posterity after him.. celle d'un nommé Jethro d'après Exode IV:18. (4*) Notons que la Bible signale plusieurs événements à des époques différentes impliquant un veau ou un autre animal. From now on these people had a new Imam." (Numbers Xxi:25-29. and Deut. Of course Eléazar was selected as successor of Aaron not by Moses but by God: "Take Aaron and his son Eléazar. It is there that Aaron will be collected and that he will die.. Aaron died there.

Paris. 1966.B. . 1969. A. 22 août 1985 LECTURE CONSEILLÉE . traduit par G. Nagib Tajdin Montréal. 1964. traduit par S. .Bousquet. Ismailitica.H. Revue des Études Arabes. La Sainte Bible. . . . El Bokhari. traduit par Kazimirski.. London. le mette en pièces (2Rois XVIII:1-5).N. Garnier-Flammarion. Beyrouth. Abu Firaz. Paris. L'authentique tradition musulmane. Ivanow. Ce serpent d'airain fut pris en adoration jusqu'à ce que Osée. Le Coran.. 1922. 1978. Fasquelle. Trinitarian Bible Society. (5*) Eliash. Ash-Shafiya.U.comme talisman (Nombres XXI:9). traduite par Louis Segond. W. "The Shia Quran".Makarem. 1970. fils d'Ela.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.