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10 Questions of an Emergency Manager

By Elijah Miller

biology. is this fault line major enough to cause damage from the distance that it is at? The purpose of the emergency manager would be to gather information from other fields of their cabinet that deal with the geological aspect of things to know whether or not this would be a problem for their community. logistics. geology. They would have to ask a few questions.) Is my community a possible target of a terrorist attack? (Religions. This is really the only known solution right now.) What will the community need after a certain disaster? (Psychology. It would be failure for an emergency .Type One Questions of an Emergency Manager:      Is there a risk of earth quakes for my community? (Geology) Where can we set up shelters for the people of the community if there is an evacuation? (Logistics) Could flooding be a problem? (Geography) How many people live in my community? (Demography) What will be the people's initial reaction following a catastrophe? (Sociology) Type Three Questions of an Emergency Manager:      What is the most likely kind of disaster for my community? (Geography.) Is there a risk of earth quakes in my community? In the case of this question. sociology. so there could be city ordinances enacted to ensure buildings are up to code and could withstand an earthquake.is their community on a fault line? Is it near a fault line? If it is near a fault line. etc. etc.) What are the best ways to mitigate this/ (these) disaster(s)? (Engineering.) Who will be affected and when will they be affected following a disaster? (Physics.the emergency manager would be open to considering and researching these concepts. possibly fire sciences. etc. The problem if there is a fault line running through the city or nearby then is how will the casualties be limited? Since there really is no way to keep an earth quake from happening. geography. one can only try to prevent the damage. meteorology. demography. architecture. infrastructure. but if there is other methods. an Emergency Manager would have to take a look at the land beneath their community in order to know whether or not this potentially major catastrophe is a threat. etc. etc.

Public building's could offer possible solutions in the prior planning phase. would be a must after determining that their community was in danger of a possible flood. Where can we set up shelters for the people of the community if there is an evacuation? During an evacuation. for political.manager to keep with their original assumptions and not researching new ideas in this case because the resulting consequences could be the loss of life. consequences of wrongly coming to this conclusion could include severe damage of property across her community and possibly loss of life. the emergency manager must also consider the views of the citizens. Could flooding be a problem? The emergency manager must consider whether or not this would be a problem for her community so that they may be able to properly prepare for it in case it does occur. In this case. There should already be a plan in place to solve this problem before it becomes one thanks to prior information gathering. The type of catastrophe will have to be considered also. The mayor is. dams. During the process of gathering this information. Floods can be mitigated to a degree. etc. Consequences of not having a proper shelter in case of evacuation could be chaos in the community the manager would be looking to protect. the Emergency Manager's purpose is going to be to find somewhere for the people they are evacuating to go. If there is no chance of flooding then the manager has already carried out her purpose in this case. so looking at directional water flow devices. Other concepts such as a "Tent City" outside of the danger zone could be something to be considered because it would reduce the possibility of falling debris on people in that instance. but could also not be a good idea in the case of an earthquake. looking to protect the citizens of his/her city.as with all other problemsmust gather information concerning the community. assumptions should be avoided if possible because they can lead to a reduction in creativity. In preparing for this type of disaster by mitigating the damage that could be done. Redirection of the water would be one possible solution for the community if this was a problem. However. The citizens are looking for the emergency manager to protect their lives in the case of an earthquake which could be dealt with by having evacuation plans and ensuring public places are built to resist earthquakes. this information will more than likely be geographical information specifically about the elevation of areas and whether or not some places are considered to be flood plains. . property. the mayor and many others. The process of evacuation should take the citizens point of view in to consideration because it must be calm and smooth as possible in order to assure the maintenance of order. and hopefully humanitarian reasons. the Emergency manager. In the process of determining whether or not a flood is a possibility. and peace in their community due to an earthquake that was ill-prepared for.

With this knowledge. so the manager would need to make sure to question this possible assumption. The gathering of information could come in the form of researching past events and studying the interactions of humans in similar incidents as the one in question. the goal of the Manager will be to determine how many people live in their community. By gathering information from a census or other surveys done in the area. the weather. or even a surplus of supplies which could result in the spending of unnecessary money that could have gone to other areas in order to make something else run better within the operation. would only be an estimate. or food. however. If this information is not so readily available. alongside the concepts and theories of sociology. This.How many people live in my community? In this case. Going off of old information and assuming that the town size is still the same could lead to a mistake like this. then a possible solution would be to run your own survey in the area. There is a plethora of reasons this would come in handy. the ocean if near a coastal city. in the case of evacuation you would be able to plan where you could place everyone. The problem here would be figuring out this number. the goal of understanding people's responses to catastrophe could be accomplished and used to limit the amount of negative consequences by choosing a plan that will correspond and bring about the desired response when the emergency plans go into place. and should not be considered the only way to do this because the concept of a survey would be much more accurate. for example. A mathematical equation could possibly render an estimate. Gathering information on the earth. must examine many different things to determine the most likely disaster for their community. the Emergency Manager would also be able to examine the situation from the perspective of the general public. when asking this question. But do not assume this is the only way. The consequences of inaccuracy could be a shortage of room. and critical infrastructure will be necessary along with other supportive knowledge systems like statistics will be necessary in determining the answer to this . and plan for food and so on. To help in understanding the response of these people. Type 3 Questions: What is the most likely kind of disaster for my community? The emergency manager. How would the community react following a catastrophe? The problem in this instance is determining how the community will react before it does so that the Emergency Manager can plan for it. a manager could figure this out easily.

water. This would be one way to overcome the problem of earthquakes. what will my community need? These fields of knowledge could all come in handy following a major disaster because biologically. as usual. the community might be considered critical infrastructure in our nation's economy. For an example of economic response. but it's not the only type of catastrophe that could occur. an emergency manager would have to ask things like. so something may need to be done in order to ensure stability here. For example. and shelter. For example.be to explore different theories of mitigation specific to each disaster that is possible. there could theoretically be serious consequences for the traders in New York. But this is not the only concept to consider because there are still other major disasters that could occur to an area like this. biologically what will my community need? Psychologically. and assurance to ensure trust in the system. or any other area: for example. but there are still other catastrophes that could occur and this would not lessen the damage from them at all.after determining what disasters are possible for their community. The question itself is the problem and the emergency manager's purpose. and would be seen as a failure in the view of many. If a major disaster were to shut down the New York stock exchange for a few days. is to figure out an answer to this problem. psychologically. what will my community need? And economically. That would be considered a critical place for a terrorist strike. one major way to mitigate the possible casualties from this would be to push for building codes that require major centers of business or congregation to be earthquake resistant.problem. but there are times when like tornadoes or hurricanes that plans of recovery may be the only way to help people.like a disaster. So the job of the emergency manager must be to take each possible disaster. and shelter. and economically. the goal of the emergency manager would be to determine what the community will need following a major problem. and our currency around the world. What are the best ways to mitigate these/this disasters? The goal of the emergency manager must. This could be a consequence of tunnel vision in an emergency manager. things can be done prior to the disaster to lessen the effect. After examining the infrastructure of say a major metropolitan area. the entire community is going to need food. This could be a rare problem. An emergency manager must look at the options for providing for these needs. and loss of trust in the eyes of the public. like earthquakes and floods. companies around our nation. water. What will the community need after a certain disaster? In this case. the community is going to possibly need comfort. Sometimes. take a look at the stock market. if there is a possibility of earthquakes. The consequences of an inefficient emergency response could be the loss of life in your community. New York City and Hurricane Sandy. In . and plan a way to lessen the impact from each of them if possible. the manager may arrive at the conclusion that a terrorist attack is a serious possibility due to the fact that there is say maybe a major centre of business and commerce with a population density. and efficient emergency response is the only solution lessen the impact on life. and trading were to stop. Gathering information would be a process spread across many fields. but the guaranteed needs of a community will always be there like food.

and why they would pose a threat. Accurate and thorough research will yield an accurate solution. This could possibly come in handy when developing a plan for evacuation because the emergency manager should want to evacuate those who would be affected either the first or the most by the disaster first. emergency response needs to be calculated and carried out carefully because first responders can become more targets as well as the already injured civilians. then as the risk or time of affect increases. which furthers the point that all assumptions should be researched to ensure that they are correct and that emergency manager's plan is accurate and efficient. and shelter in the nearby schools for the people of her community. Who will be affected and when will they be affected following a disaster? The problem in this case is if there is a disaster. . if it appears fatalities could be the primary goal of the attacker. and who would be affected by that one. a high death toll while also attacking this center of a way of life would fulfill many goals of their ideology. For example. Either way. Thus. Or in the case of a homegrown. angered citizen there could be an attack on an IRS office because he is angry about his taxes. Is my community a possible target of a terrorist attack? A calculated. how quickly will it spread and to where? The goal of the emergency manager would be to determine this by studying the types of possible disasters. With this being said. If the community is a center of business and densely populated. Poor response and understanding of the attackers could lead to a rush of first responders. which could then result in a consequence of the responders being injured or killed. an efficient response will be the best way to save life and property. so will their time for evacuation. The goal of the emergency manager in this case would be to understand the different extremist ideologies and perspectives that would possibly pose a threat to their community. then how they would go about spreading and what the possible secondary disasters that could occur as a result of the primary disaster. a city that is going to be affected by a hurricane would want to evacuate the citizens along the coast to a safe location. she found food in the form of a local pasta food chain.the case of Liz Summerlin. then an Islamic extremist attack could be likely because they do not approve of our way of life and seek to destroy the American way of life. and quickest. it would then be the goal of the emergency manager to prepare response plans if something like this were to ever happen because next to security and ensuring that there is not a way to attack something. The consequences of doing this poorly could vary from loss of property to loss of life. then evacuate people group by group possibly and work their way from the coast in their evacuations. These concepts must always be considered. or maybe a biological agent being released on them then spread. manmade catastrophe could be a problem for any community with critical infrastructure or a dense population. and assumptions must always be thrown to the side until there is information backing them up.

But without having thrown that original assumption out. then they could be inaccurate or have a particular skew or bias to them that makes them not as effective as a diversity of sources could be in any situation. we are limiting our creativity. While I did state earlier that creativity should enter before the information gathering phase of problem solving that does not mean that creativity should not be present in the information gathering phase. Assumptions is one thing that might restrict creativity. water is thrown on fires to put them out. and while this is true. and in limiting our creativity. But is water not made up of oxygen? The hydrogen bonds help put the fire out. we should always try to realize what our assumptions are then either credit. If creativity enters the process of solving a problem after information has been gathered. there is a beauty to it because no one has yet to see it any certain way and provide their own perspective on it. develop new creative ideas. so while there is oxygen in water. Therefore. you may be able to draw new conclusions from what you know that someone else might have not yet drawn. and with a foundation of information to stand on after gathering it.Creativity: Creativity really needs to enter into the process of analysis directly after the problem has been discovered and purpose given. This being said. but never really leave. For example. I may have never reached this solution. . and in limiting ourselves. and oxygen feeds fire. and should be dealt with properly when seeking to solve a problem. it occurs by finding new ways to solve problems in better ways than we had previously. Therefore. because after you have researched the creative new ideas you still need to be able to come up with more creative ideas after you have probably determined that some of the ideas are not viable. and thereby find a way to solve a problem that has not yet been seen. then continue with our process of problem solving. Interpretation of information will be a major step where creativity is involved. or discredit them as true or false. Innovation does not occur by solving the problems we face the same way as others have. creativity should never leave the problem solving process. I could assume that oxygen feeds fire. The emergency manager should also be creative with where they get their information from because if the manager only gathers resources from one place. By assuming that there is only one way to handle something. we are limiting the number of ways we can come up with to solve a single problem. water still helps put the fire out. When handed raw data. we are limiting ourselves. then there is a possibility that the creativity will not be as creative because there is already a framework of how others have solved the problem.