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5/6/2011

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis

5/3/2011

Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


DOUBLE PADEYE MOUNTED ON TOP

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


PADEYE MOUNTED ON SIDE

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


PADEYE MOUNTED ON TOP

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

5/6/2011

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis

5/3/2011

Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


TRUNNION (MAIN PLATE WELDED TO SKIN) Pv P Pipe

Ph
Internal Rings

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


TRUNNION (MAIN PLATE SLOTTED INTO TUBE)
Pipe

Pv

Ph
External Rings

5/3/2011

Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis

5/3/2011

Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

5/6/2011

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis DESIGN PROCEDURE


Establish Maximum Sling Load (Fmax) Select suitable Sling Diameter Select Suitable Shackle Check Suitability of Shackle and Slings Select Suitable Main Plates and Cheek Plates Check Suitability of Spacing, gap with selected shackle and add spacers if required Attempt a Structural Analysis for strength and modify either padeye, shackle or sling as necessary
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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis PADEYE ARRANGEMENT


Generally one main plate of thickness from 25mm to 90mm can be used Cheek plates should not be more than the thickness of main plates More than one cheek plate on each face shall be avoided Second cheek plate shall be considered as spacer plate Boring shall be done after welding the cheek plates to main plate A minimum clear gap (S) of 5mm shall be provided p p plate between shackle and the last cheek or spacer Adequate space (C2)shall be provided between the top of main plate and the underside of shackle and shall be minimum 1.5*Sling Diameter
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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


CLEARANCES

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


Pullout shear Plane Main Plate (tm) P Rp FV Rm Rc FH P Stiffener Structure
Clearance for Shackle

FPDL Cheek Plate (tc)

h Q B
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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


Main Plate FPDL/2 FPDL/2

Out-off p plane Force of 5% FPDL Cos

Cheek Plates

Stiffener Plate

bs

bs

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


X

Y 2bs

B X

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis Bearing Stress Calculation


The bearing stress fb shall be calculated as below:

fb =
Where

FPDL d p (tm + 2tc )R f


FPDL = Padeye Design Load dp= Diameter of Pin tm = Thickness of main plate tc = Thickness of cheek plate Rf = Reduction Factor

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


PULLOUT SHEAR STRESS CALCUALTIONS
Pullout shear stress shall be calculated as below.

f =
s

F ( R R ) t + 2 ( R R ) t 2
PDL m p m c p c

where FPDL=Padeye design load Rm=Radius of main plate Rc=Radius of cheek plate Rp=Radius of pin tm= Thickness of main plate tc=Thickness of cheek plate
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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


TENSILE STRESS AT SECTION P-P

f =
t

F Sin 2 ( R R ) t + 4 ( R R ) t
PDL m p m c p c

TENSILE STRESS AT SECTION Q-Q

f =
t

F Sin [Bt + 4 b t
PDL m s

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


INPLANE SHEAR STRESSES

HORIZONTAL SHEAR STRESS AT SECTION P-P

s in

F Cos ( R R ) t + 2 ( R R ) t
PDL m p m c p c

HORIZONTAL SHEAR STRESS AT SECTION Q-Q

f
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s in

F Cos [ Bt ]
PDL m

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


OUT-OFF PLANE SHEAR STRESSES
HORIZONTAL SHEAR STRESS AT SECTION Q-Q

s op

0.05 F Cos [ 4b t ]
PDL s s

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


BENDING STRESSES AT SECTION Y-Y
INPLANE

b in

F hBCos = 2I
PDL xx
3 3 2 m s s s

2b t t B Bt I = + 2 + 4b t 12 2 12
xx s s

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


BENDING STRESSES AT SECTION Y-Y
OUT-OFF PLANE

b op

0.05 F hb Cos I
PDL s YY
3 3 m s s

t B 8b t I = + 2 12 12
YY

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


COMBINED STRESSES

Combined Bending Stress

fb = f 2bin + f 2bop p
fs = f 2sin + f 2sop
fvon = ft2 +3fs2 + fb2 ft fb
23 Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Combined Shear Stress

Von Mises Stress

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis ALLOWABLE STRESSES Establish stresses induced in the padeye plates and connections and to assure they are within allowable stresses Bearing Stresses (0.9Fy) Shear Stresses (0.4Fy) Tensile Stresses (0.6Fy) Bending Stresses (0.6Fy) Combined Stresses (0.75Fy) Von Mises Stress (0.75Fy)
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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


WELDING BETWEEN MAIN AND CHEEK PLATES Main Plate : tm, Rm First Cheek Plate : tc1, Rc1 Second Cheek Plate : tc2, Rc2 0.5 FPDL Weld Size w1 0.5 FPDL Weld Size w2

R1 R2 R2

R1

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


Weld Between Main and Cheek Plates:
Force Transmitted between Main plate and First Cheek Plate

R1 =
w1 =

FPDL .t c1 t m + t c1 + t c 2
R1 + R2

Fillet Weld Size required between main plate and first cheek plate

2 Rc1.0.707.Fyw

Force Transmitted between First Cheek plate and Second Cheek Plate

R2 =
w2 =

FPDL .t c 2 t m + t c1 + t c 2
2 Rc 2 .0.707.Fyw R2

Fillet Weld Size required between first cheek plate and second cheek plate
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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis UNSYMETRIC ARRANGEMENT

Many occasions we will be using the unsymetric y arrangement g The vertical load distribution across the main plate is not uniform and it introduces an eccentricity e which causes additional moment

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


UNSYMETRIC ARRANGEMENT
X Fv FH FPDL

Y e B X
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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis CONNECTION TO THE MAIN STRUCTURE

The loads from the padeye shall be transmitted to the main structure safely y without overstressing. Many different methods of transmitting the forces can be adopted. The simple way of transferring is by either Direct Direct Shear Shear or by Ring Ring Shear Shear Methods using Bending or combination of Axial and bending shall be avoided
5/3/2011 31 Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


PADEYE MAIN PLATE SLOTTED TO THE DECK EXTENSION
Welding between tube and main plate L D Fv e FH h FPDL

L=

FPDL Sin 4Tt 0.4F y

FPDL .Sin ( e+D/2 ) 2Tt D 0.4F y


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FPDL Cos h 2Tt D 0.4Fy

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


PADEYE MAIN PLATE SLOTTED TO THE DECK EXTENSION
Welding between tube and main plate h Fv FPDL FH

L=

FPDL .Sin 4Tt D 0.4F y

FPDL Cos (h + 0.5 L) 2Tt D 0.4Fy


33 Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


PADEYE MAIN PLATE WELDED TO DECK LEG SKIN
Welding between tube and main plate L D Fv e FH h FPDL

L =

F PD L S in 2 t m 0 .4 F
y

( Only Vertical Load Transferred)


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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis MAIN PLATE WELDED TO SKIN OF TUBE
The Vertical Component of Load (FV) is transferred through the direct shear between main plate and tube Horizontal component (FH) and moments shall be decoupled between top and bottom ring plates These forces on the rings shall be transferred as circumferential shear Hence, Hence the rings shall be complete; Otherwise these forces shall have to be transferred by bending
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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis CALCULATION OF RING FORCES


Top Ring Plate

FT =

FPD L C os (0.5 L + h ) L

FPD L Sin (e+D /2) L

Bottom Ring Plate

FT =

FPD L C os (0.5 L h ) L
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FPD L Sin (e (e+D D /2) L

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS


Finite element analysis will be carried out when No redundancy in design failure of the component will result in catostrophy. catostrophy Multiple / unclear Load path. Manual Calculations too conservative due to assumptions made on load path. Manual calculation becomes too complicated. FEM analysis will give actual load path Indicate hot spots where local stresses are high
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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


FEA Lifting Pad-eye

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


FEA Lifting Pad-eye

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Dr. S. Nallayarasu Department of Ocean Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras-36

Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


FEA - Spreader Bar

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Offshore Structures Offshore Lift Analysis


FEA - Spreader Bar

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