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Material Guide for API 6A (New) 19th Edition
API recommends PSL's to the user 4.5 psi H2S partial pressure and mildly corrosive with CO2 partial pressure From 7 psi to 30 psi non-corrosive with CO2 partial pressure <7 psi 3 PSL 3 per API recommendations or customer order 2 PR2 (2nd level) API cycle testing has been completed on the design Material Guide (API 6A 19th Edition) 1 High Temperature Service High temperature service [Temp Ratings X( 0-350 F or -18 to 180 C) and Y ? ? (0-650 F or -18 to 345 C)] is addressed in API 6A Annex G. valves. Material Class -.) 1.API minimum or added optional cycle testing of designs Note: When ordering.5 NACE sour service with maximum 0. Temperature Class "Choosing temperature ratings is the ultimate responsibility of the user" … API 6A 19th Edition • Considerations for ordering Equipment is rated for service in a specific temperature range or ranges • Maximum production flowing temperature • Mud circulating temperature? • Minimum seasonal temperature Temperature Classes ? ? • K -75 to 180 F (-60 to 82 C) ? ? • L -50 to 180 F (-46 to 82 C) ? ? • N -50 to 140 F (-46 to 60 C) ? ? • P -20 to 180 F (-29 to 82 C) • R Room Temperature ? ? • S 0 to 140 F (-18 to 60 C) ? ? • T 0 to 180 F (-18 to 82 C) *S or T apply for most standard duty slip casing hangers ? ? • U 0 to 250 F (-18 to 121 C) *U is common for generally available wellheads and valves ? ? • V 35 to 250 F (2 to 121 C) ? ? • X 0 to 350 F (-18 to 180 C) -.ref. ? ? Material Guide (API 6A 19th Edition) 2 .05 psi and non-corrosive with CO2 partial pressure <7 psi PSL 1 per API recommendations or customer order PR1 (minimum level) API cycle testing has been completed ? ? ? ? ? • PU-EE-0.API holds the user responsible for choosing material class 3. etc.API holds the user responsible for choosing temperature class 2. Temperature Class -. PSL (Product Specification Level) -.VALVEWORKS USA VALVEWORKS USA Ordering API 19th Edition Products Four Criteria for Individual Parts (i. Annex G Combinations of Classes are available: ? ? Examples PU = -20 to 250 F (-29 to 121 C) • Examples of what these designations mean in the description of a part U-AA-1-1 U AA 1 1 0 to 250 F (-18 to 121 C) General service with H2S partial Pressure <0. please specify at least the first two of the four criteria.e. Customers ordering equipment for high temperature service may choose between the following two options. hangers. Annex G ? ? • Y 0 to 650 F (-18 to 345 C) -.ref. PR (Performance Requirement) -.5-3-2 PU -20 to 250 F (-29 to 121 C) combines P (-20 to 180 F or ? ? ? -29 to 82 C) and U (0 to 250 F or -18 to 121 C) EE-0.
"NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156 includes provisions for the qualification of materials for a specific sour service application which is outside the parameters defined in that standard.85 3 Material Guide (API 6A 19th Edition) 4 . Equipment rated for full pressure at high temperature (Temp X only) • Tensile strength testing is performed at the high end of the temperature range • Yield strength at high temperature must equal the minimum yield strength at room temperature • Special alloys are often required 2. • Allowable materials for hangers & stems above 1.5 psia • 410 Stainless Steels may not be used for mandrel hangers and stems (new requirement) Manufacturers have commonly used 17-4 SS materials for hangers and stems up to 3-4 psia partial pressure of H2S (depending on the manufacturer's design allowables).8) 3.85 0.000 (20.000 psi x . by means of testing or API 6BX Flange "Derating" Factors Material Carbon & low alloy steels Martensitic stainless steels Austenitic & duplex stainless steels Corrosion-resistant alloys Material Guide (API 6A 19th Edition) Derating Factor Temp X Temp Y 0.9) 2.85 0.000 (13.905 (13. Partial Pressure of H 2S determines if NACE applies • • • 0.575 (24.765 (32.250 psi for Temp X (0 to 350 F or -18 to 180 C) Example: 5.05 psia and up requires NACE (unchanged from previous editions) Above 0.75 0.860 (19.75 0.145 (14.8) 3.000 psi ? ? Temp U (0-250 F or -18 to 121 C) service would be derated by a factor of ? ? 0.1) 2.085 = 4.7) 5.95 0.5) Derated Temp X Pressure Psi (MPa) 1.000 (34.7) 4.80 0.5 psia 17-4 Stainless Steels may not be used for mandrel hangers and stems (new requirement) Above 1.7) • Chlorides in sour service above 140 F or 60 C (new requirement) 316 Stainless may not be used Manufacturers have commonly used 316 SS for grease fittings in H2S service.250 psi API 6B Flange "Derating" Chart Pressure Rating Psi (MPa) 2. • Have you been successfully using materials and trims that would no longer comply with NACE? API 6a Annex O states…. Equipment derated for lower pressure at high temperature VWUSA does not "derate" Temp X equipment nor does it recommend that customers do so Material Class Some NACE MR0175/ISO15156 changes will affect material selection and equipment cost.73 0.430 (9.8) Derated Temp Y Pressure Psi (MPa) 1.5 psia • Inconels • Duplex Steels ? ? Formulas for Calculating Derated Pressures Full Pressure @ room temperature x derating factor = Lowered pressure rating @ high temperature With this method. a piece of carbon/low alloy equipment rated for 5.VALVEWORKS USA VALVEWORKS USA Temperature Class … cont'd 1.85 to 4.
For such sour service applications.05 psia 0.5 FF-NL or HH-NL Non-Sour Sour Sour Sour Highly Corrosive Highly Corrosive Highly Corrosive Highly Corrosive VWUSA recommends that Corrosion Resistant Alloys be considered beginning at CO2 partial pressures of 200 psia. depending on materials of construction NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 specification states in section 8. FF and HH CO2 Partial Pressure "will include … the maximum allowable partial pressure of H2S" • 0. Additional factors should be considered.5 or EE1. EE.5 psia H2S. 1 1 Material Class … Cont'd Trim Selection Chart For combinations of H2S and CO2 partial pressures Note: Partial pressures of H2S and CO2 should be determined separately.5 and <1.5 FF-1.5 psia AA EE-0.5 = 0. equipment may be described and marked as Material Class ZZ. Suffixes for Material Classes DD.05 to 0. 3 410 stainless steel is not allowed for stems or tubing hangers above 1.52 EE-NL3 Non-Sour Sour Slightly Sour Sour Slightly Corrosive Slightly Corrosive Slightly Corrosive Corrosive CC FF-0.5 = 1.5 EE-1.000 x working pressure 1 H2S Partial Pressure 0 to <0.5 or DD-0. or the use of materials not addressed in MR0175 / ISO 15156.5 psia maximum partial pressure of H2S (example: EE-0.5 psia H2S. >0.5 psia1 • 1.5 or HH-1. Material Guide (API 6A 19th Edition) 5 . Consult with engineering for material selection.5 DD.5) • NL = No limit to H2S (example: DD-NL) • Other material class suffixes may be applicable.NL or EE-NL3 Non-Sour Sour Sour NonNon-Corrosive Non-Corrosive Corrosive BB EE-0. Material Class ZZ may be used when materials and trims previously used for sour service will not comply with current NACE MR0175/ISO15156 standards 2 17-4 stainless steel is not allowed for stems or tubing hangers ab ove 0." API Material Class ZZ may be used when materials and trims that have previously been used for sour service will not comply with current NACE MR0175/ISO15156 standards.VALVEWORKS USA VALVEWORKS USA Material Class … Cont'd "Choosing material class and specific materials for specific conditions is the ultimate responsibility of the user. "The manufacturer shall meet material specifications supplied or approved by the purchaser…" ZZ class parts marking and descriptions will be determined between the customer and manufacturer.5 psia maximum partial pressure of H2S (example: FF-1.5) 0 to <7 psia 7 psia to 30 psia >30 psia to <200 psia 200 psia and up Corrosion resistant alloys may be needed.5 psia1 DD-1. This can include the use of materials in fluid conditions exceeding the limits defined MR0175 / ISO 15156.2 duration of the documented field experience shall be at least two years.52 FF-NL3 Non-Sour Sour Sour Sour Moderately to Moderately to Moderately to Moderately to Highly Corrosive Highly Corrosive Highly Corrosive Highly Corrosive CC or HH FF-0.000.5 FF-1. Partial Pressure Formulas H2S psia = Or H2S psia = And CO2 psia = CO2 % x flowing pressure H2S % x working pressure H2S PPM 1." … API 6A 19th Edition documented field history.52 Sour Non-Corrosive >1.5 or HH-0.
Material Guide (API 6A 19th Edition) 6 VALVEWORKS USA Material Class … Cont'd Additional factors which influence the effect of H2S • • • • pH Temperature Chloride concentration Elemental sulfur Additional factors which influence the effect of CO2 • • • • • • • pH Temperature Chloride ion concentration Sand Production H2S Level Water production and composition Types and relative amounts of produced hydrocarbons Material Guide (API 6A 19th Edition) 7 .
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