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Maximum Marks : 80
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General Instructions : Same as in CBSE Sample Question Paper SECTION A 1. Give an example of a displacement reaction in which a gas is evolved. Ans. Zn(s) + 2HCl (aq) → ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g) 
2. What is the meaning of the term tensile?  Ans. The property by virtue of which a material can bear a lot of strain (load) is called tensile. 3. If 12J of work is done in moving 2 coulombs of electric charge through a conductor, what is the potential difference at the ends of the conductor?  Ans.
Work done 12J = = 6V Charge 2C 
4. How is biomass used as fuel? Ans. Dried biomass in the form of wood, dead leaves, etc., is burnt in chulhas.
(i) Name the products formed when sodium hydrogen carbonate is heated. (ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction involved. Ans. (i) Sodium carbonate, water and carbon dioxide are the products.
(ii) 2NaHCO3(s) → Na2CO3(s) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) 6. Write a balanced chemical equation with state symbols for the following reactions : 
(i) Solutions of barium chloride and sodium sulphate in water react to give insoluble barium sulphate and solution of sodium chloride. (ii) Sodium hydroxide solution (in water) reacts with hydrochloric acid solution (in water) to produce sodium chloride solution and water.
Ans. (i) BaCl2(aq) + Na2SO4(aq) → BaSO4(s) + 2NaCl(aq) ......... Balanced equation.
(ii) NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) ........ Balanced equation.  7. Why are all alkalis bases, but not all bases alkalis? Ans. Alkali is a base which is soluble in water. However, a large number of bases (oxides and hydroxides of metals) are insoluble in water. Thus, the term alkali is used only when a base dissolves in water.
8. Enumerate any two functions of the gastric HCl. Ans. Gastric HCl (i) helps in the prevention of unwanted microbial growth (ii) helps in the activation of the proteolytic enzyme, pepsin.
9. Identify the substances that are oxidised and the substances that are reduced in the following reactions. 
(i) 4Na(s) + O2(g) (ii) CuO(s) + H2(g)
2Na2O(s) Cu(s) + H2O(l).
(i) Sodium is oxidised and oxygen is reduced. (ii) Hydrogen is oxidised and copper oxide is reduced.
(a) What is the potential of the Earth?
(b) By drawing a diagram show the movement of electrons when a positively  charged sphere is connected to the Earth. Ans. (a) The earth is at zero potential. (b) The movement of electrons is from the earth to the positively charged sphere as shown in the figure alongside.
11. An electric iron draws a current of 0.5 A, when the voltage is 200 V. Calculate the  amount of electric charge flowing through it, in one hour. Ans. Current (I) = 0.5 A Time (t) = 1 hour = 3600 s ∴ Electric charge (Q) = I × t = 0.5 × 3600 = 1800 coulombs. 12. (i) What is the nature of electric current produced in the coil of any electric generator?
(ii) Draw a diagram to represent the current named by you.
Ans. (i) The induced current produced in the coil of any generator is alternating in nature. (ii)
13. Explain why fossil fuels are classified as non-renewable source of energy.  Ans. Fossil fuels are formed in a span of millions of years. Thus, once fossil fuels are consumed, they cannot be replenished over a reasonable period of time and hence, they are classified as non-renewable source of energy.
14. Write the name and formula of one salt which contains : (i) Two molecules of water of crystallisation (ii) Seven molecules of water of crystallisation. (iii) Ten molecules of water of crystallisation. Ans. (i) Gypsum or hydrated calcium sulphate, CaSO4.2H2O. (ii) Green vitriol or hydrated ferrous sulphate, FeSO4.7H2O.
(iii) Washing soda or hydrated sodium carbonate, Na2CO3.10H2O. 15. What will you observe when a spoonful of black copper oxide is placed in a beaker containing warm and dilute sulphuric acid? Write a balanced equation in support of  your answer and state the nature of copper (II) oxide in this reaction. Ans. When black copper oxide is placed in warm and dilute sulphuric acid and stirred, it slowly dissolves. The colour of the reaction mixture changes to blue. The chemical reaction which takes place is given below. CuSO4(aq) + H2O(l) CuO(s) + H2SO4(aq) Copper oxide is basic in nature as it reacts with an acid to form salt and water as the only products. 16. What are plant hormones?  Ans. In plants, certain chemical substances are necessary for the purpose of proper growth and development. These chemical substances are called plant hormones or phytohormones. These are the most important coordinating substances in plants. Examples are : auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, and abscisic acid. 17. A sodium salt is placed in a dry test tube. To this salt is added 5 ml of hydrochloric acid when a lot of effervescence takes place with the liberations of a colourless gas. The gas on passing through a colourless solution, turns it milky. Answer the  following questions.
(i) Which gas is produced during the chemical reaction? (ii) What is the colourless solution and why does it turn milky? (iii) Why is effervesence produced during the chemical reaction? Ans. (i) Carbon dioxide gas is produced. (ii) The colourless solution is lime water. It turns milky, because carbon dioxide reacts with lime water to form insoluble calcium carbonate which gets suspended in the solution and gives a milky appearance. (iii) The chemical reaction between the sodium salt and hydrochloric acid is very fast. Thus, when carbon dioxide is evolved rapidly, effervescence is produced.  18. How does control and coordination take place in plants? Ans. The function of control and coordination in plants is performed by chemical substances known as plant hormones or phytohormones. The synthesis and action of phytohormones are greatly influenced by external stimuli. Plants respond to photoperiodic stimulus by specialised pigment present in very small quantity called phytochrome. Thus, phytohormones and phytochromes together are involved in control and coordination between the environment and plant responses.
19. Give three characteristics of fuels that determine their quality.
Ans. (a) Good fuels must have high calorific value. (b) Good fuels must have reasonable low ignition temperature. (c) Good fuels must not produce ash or polluting gases. 20. Name an instrument used for measuring electric potential difference by drawing a diagram, Show how this instrument is connected in an electric circuit. Why does this instrument practically not consume any electric energy from the electric circuit?  Ans. Voltmeter is the instrument used for measuring potential difference.
Voltmeter is an extremely high resistance instrument. Thus, when connected in parallel, practically extremely small current flows through it. 21. Give three properties of magnetic field around a straight conductor carrying  current. Ans. (i) The magnetic lines of force are in the form of concentric circles near the conductor. (ii) The plane of the magnetic lines of force is at right angles to the plane of the conductor carrying current. (iii) The direction of the magnetic lines of force reverses with the reversal of direction of current in the conductor. 22. The overall resistance of the circuit diagram given below is 0.5 W. Calculate the value of the resistance r3. 
1 1 1 1 = + + R r1 r2 r3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 − − = − − = r3 R r1 r2 0.5 2 2
4 −1−1 2 = =1 2 2 ∴ r3 = 1 W. 23. What is galvanised iron? How is iron galvanised? What is the advantage of galvanised iron? How does galvanised iron get its name? State its two uses. 
(i) The iron whose surface is coated with a thin layer of zinc is called galvanised iron. (ii) The iron sheets are passed through molten zinc, when the zinc sticks to the surface of iron. These sheets are then passed through heavy steel rollers, heated
to 300°C, when the thin layer of zinc gets compacted with iron. (iii) Galvanised iron does not rust, because the surface of the iron is not exposed to moist air. (iv) It is because of the similarity of the electro-chemical process involved in the galvanic cell and coating of zinc with iron, that the product is called galvanised iron. (v) (a) It is used for making iron roofing. (b) It is used for making suitcase, trunks, drain pipes, etc. OR (a) What method of concentration of ore is preferred in each of the following cases and why?  (i) The ore has higher density particles interspersed with a large bulk of low density impurities. (ii) The ore consists of copper sulphide intermixed with clay particles. (b) Give an example of an amalgam. Ans. (a) (i) The method is hydraulic washing. It is because, when the crushed and pulverized ore is washed with a strong jet of water, the gangue particles of low density are washed away, leaving behind heavier particles of the ore. (ii) Froth floatation process is employed. It is because pine oil wets the sulphide particles which rise up along with the froth formed by the churning of oil with water. The froth along with the sulphide particles is poured out and then allowed to settle, when the sulphide particles of the ore are separated. (b) An alloy of mercury with one or more other metals is called amalgam. For example, NaHg alloy. 24. (a) What is a magnetic field ? How can the direction of magnetic field lines at a place be determined ?  (b) State the rule for the direction of the magneic field produced around a current carrying conductor. Draw a sketch of the pattern of field lines due to a current flowing through a straight conductor. Ans. (a) The space surrounding a bar magnet in which its influence in the form of magnetic force can be detected, is called magnetic field. The direction of magnetic field at a point is the direction of the resultant force acting at that point. The north end of a compass needle indicates the direction of the magnetic field at a particular point. (b) Right hand thumb rule : Imagine you are holding the conductor with the palm of your right hand, such that the fingers encircle the conductor
and the thumb points in the direction of the current. Then the direction of the fingers encircling the conductor, gives the direction of the magnetic lines of force around it. OR (a) What is a solenoid ? Draw a sketch of the pattern of field lines of the magnetic  field through and around a current carrying solenoid.
(b) Consider a circular loop of wire lying in the plane of the table. Let the current pass through the loop clockwise. Apply the right hand rule to find out the direction of the magnetic field inside and outside the loop.
(a) An insulated copper wire wound on some cylindrical cardboard or plastic tube, such that its length is greater than its diameter and it behaves like a magnet when a current is made to flow through it, is called a solenoid.
+ Variable resistance K
The magnetic field inside the circular loop is perpendicular to the table top and goes in the downward direction.
The magnetic field outside the circular loop is perpendicular to the table and goes in the upward direction. 25. How does an artificial kidney or a dialysis machine work?  Ans. DIALYSIS MACHINE (i) An artificial kidney contains a number of tubes. Each tube contains a semipermeable lining suspended in a tank filled with dialysing fluid having the same osmotic pressure as blood. (ii) The patient’s blood is passed through these tubes. The waste products from the blood pass into the dialysing fluid. (iii) The purified blood is sent back into the patient’s body. In an adult 180 litre of blood is filtered by the kidneys daily.
Give stepwise detail of the working of human kidneys leading to the formation of urine.  Ans. Each kidney is made up of excretory units called nephrons. Each nephron has a cup shaped upper end called Bowman’s capsule containing a bundle of capillaries called glomerulus. The various steps in blood purification are —
(i) Waste materials are brought by the renal arteries to the kidneys. (ii) Blood is filtered, from the blood capillaries into the Bowman’s capsule. (iii) This filtrate is passed through tubular parts of the nephron where useful products such as glucose, amino acids, etc., are absorbed by the blood capillaries surrounding the nephron. (iv) The nephrons drain the waste into a space inside the kidney leading to the ureter. (v) Human urine contains water and nitrogenous substances most of which is urea. From the ureter, urine is passed to the urinary bladder, where it is stored till thrown out of the body.
SECTION B 26. The lowest pH is associated with : (a) 0.01 m H2SO4 (b) 0.01 m HNO3 (c) 0.01 m HCl (d) 0.01 m NaOH 27. Red litmus when dipped in hydrogen chloride gas turns : (a) red (b) blue (c) yellow (d) green 28. A gas that turns blue litmus red and does not support combustion is : (b) CO (c) Cl2 (d) H2 (a) CO2 29. Stomata are guarded by : (a) palisade cells (b) guard cells (c) mesophyll cells (d) sieve cells 30. Main function of leaves is : (a) transpiration (b) photosynthesis (c) respiration (d) both (a) and (b) 31. Plants undergo respiration in : (a) dark (b) light (c) both in dark and light (d) only in the morning
32. The reaction between iron nails and copper sulphate solution is : (a) a chemical combination reaction (b) a chemical decomposition reaction (c) a chemical displacement reaction (d) a chemical double decomposition reactions 33. Key used in electric circuits should be kept off to : (a) avoid heating of the resistor (b) avoid resistance variation (c) avoid breakdown of the circuit (d) all of these 34. A current of 2A flows through a conductor whose ends are at a p.d of 4V. The resistance of the conductor is : (a) 9 Ω (b) 0.5 Ω (c) 6 Ω (d) 2 Ω 35. What do you observe when water is poured over quicklime? (a) Quicklime crumbles to form a white powdery mass (b) Steamy fumes are given off. (c) The reaction mixture becomes hot. (d) All of these 36. The equivalent resistance of the circuit diagram below is 18 Ω. The resistance of D is :
(a) 5 Ω (b) 7 Ω (c) 12 Ω (d) 9 Ω 37. The equivalent resistance when two equal resistors are connected in parallel is : (d) 3R 2 (c) R 2 If two resistors 2Ω and 1Ω are connected in parallel, the equivalent will be : (a) equal to 1 Ω (b) less than 1 Ω (c) less than 2 Ω (d) greater than 2 Ω In angiosperms, stomata usually do not open at : (a) noon (b) 11 AM (c) mid-night (d) 3 PM During photosynthesis sunlight is trapped by : (a) heomocynin (b) chlorophyll (c) carotenoid (d) stomata Higher respiration is evident in : (a) buds (b) root and shoot tips (c) germinating seeds (d) all of these (a) R (b) 2 R
38. 39. 40. 41.
26. (c) 34. (d) 27. (a) 35. (d) 28. (a) 36. (d) 29. (b) 37. (c) 30. (d) 38. (b) 31. (c) 39. (c) 32. (c) 40. (b) 33. (a) 41. (d)
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