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# Model Test Paper - 1 (Solved

)

[For Summative Assessment-1 (Term - I)]

Time : 3 hours - 3 1 2 hours Maximum Marks : 80

General Instructions : Same as in in CBSE Sample Question Paper. SECTION A (Question numbers 1 to 10 are of 1 mark each.) 21 is : 1. The decimal expansion of 45 (a) terminating (b) non-terminating and repeating (c) non-terminating and non-repeating (d) none of these

21 21 21 = = 2 . Clearly, 45 is not of the form 2m × 5n. So the decimal expansion 45 9 × 5 3 × 5 21 of is non-terminating and repeating. 45 2. The zero of the polynomial px + q is : –q –p q (a ) – q (c) (b) (d) p q p –q Sol. (b) Value of px + q is zero when x = . Therefore, zero of the given polynomial is p –q . p 3. If the system of linear equations a1x + b1y + c1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c2 = 0 are inconsistent then : a1 b1 a1 b1 c1 (b) a = b = c (a) a ≠ b 2 2 2 2 2

Sol. (b)

a1 b1 c1 ( c) a = b ≠ c 2 2 2

(d) none of these

Sol. (c) Condition for inconsistent equations is

a1 b1 c1 = ≠ . a2 b2 c2 4. The areas of two similar triangles are 169 cm2 and 121 cm2. If the longest side of the larger triangle is 26 cm, then the longest side of the other triangle is :

(a) 12 cm (b) 14 cm (c) 19 cm Sol. (d) Let x cm be the longest side of the other triangle. Then, we have

(d) 22 cm

169 26 2 13 26 = 2 ⇒ = ⇒ x = 22 cm. 121 x 11 x

1

Model Test Paper-1 (Term - I)

5. (1 – cos2A) cosec2A is equal to : (a) 1 (b) –1

(c) 0 1 sin 2 A

(d) not defined =1

**Sol. (a) (1 – cos2A) cosec2A = sin2A. cosec2A = sin 2 A 6. If cosθ =
**

(a ) 1 1 2 sec θ is : , then the value of 2 1 + tan2 θ (b) 0 ( c) 2

(d) not defined

Sol. (a)

2 sec θ

1 + tan 2 θ sec 2 θ 7. The value of sin 39° – cos 51° is :

=

2sec θ

=

2 = 2 cosθ = 2 × 1 = 1 2 sec θ

Sol. 8. Sol. 9. Sol. 10.

(a ) 0 (b) 1 (c) –1 (d) none of these (a) sin 39° – cos 51° = sin 39° – cos (90° – 39°) = sin 39° – sin 39° = 0 The graphical representation of a cumulative frequency distribution is called : (b) histogram (c) ogive (d) frequency polygon (a) bar graph (c) The graphical representation of a cumulative frequency distribution is called ogive or cumulative frequency curve. In ∆DEF, if DE2 = DF2 + EF2, then : (a) ∠E = 90° (b) ∠F = 90° (c) ∠D = 90° (d) none of these (b) By converse of Pythagoras theorem, we get ∠F i.e., angle opposite to side DE is a right angle. In the figure, line XY divides the ∆ ABC into two parts

**of equal areas such that XY || AC, then
**

(a) 1: 2 ( c) 2 :1 (b) 2 : 1 (d) 1 : 2

BX is : AB

Sol. (d) Since, XY divides ∆ ABC into two parts of equal areas. 1 ar (∆ ABC) ∴ ar (∆ BXY) = 2 And, ∆ ABC ~ ∆ XBY

⇒ ar (∆ XBY) BX 2 1 BX 2 BX 1 = ⇒ = ⇒ = 2 2 ar (∆ ABC) AB 2 AB AB 2 = 1: 2

SECTION B

(Question numbers 11 to 18 carry 2 marks each.)

11. Write whether the square of any positive integer can be of the form 3m + 2, where m is a natural number. Justify your answer. Sol. Any positive integer can be written as 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2, for some integer q.

2 Sample Papers in Mathematics-X (Term - I)

Therefore, square will be 9q2 = 3m, 9q2 + 1 + 6q = 3(3q2 + 2q) + 1 = 3m + 1, 9q2 + 12q + 4 = 3(3q2 + 4q + 1) + 1 = 3m + 1. Hence, square of any positive integer cannot be of the form 3m + 2. 12. Find the quadratic polynomial, the sum and product of whose zeroes are –5 and 6. Sol. Let α and β be the zeroes of the required polynomial p(x). Then, α + β = –5 and αβ = 6 ∴ p(x) = x2 – (α + β) x + αβ = x2 – (–5) x + 6 = x2 + 5x + 6 Hence, the required polynomial is f(x) = x2 + 5x + 6. 13. Find the values of α and β for which the following system of linear equations has infinite number of solutions : 2x + 3y = 7, 2αx + (α + β)y = 28 Sol. The given system of equations will have infinite number of solutions, if

2 3 7 1 3 1 = = = ⇒ = 2α α + β 28 α α +β 4

1 1 3 1 = and = ⇒ α = 4 and α + β = 12 α 4 α +β 4 ⇒ α = 4 and β = 8 Ans. ⇒ OR Solve for x and y : Sol. Let 1 1 1 1 − = − 1, + =8 2x y x 2y

1 1 = A and = B. The given equations become y x …(i)

A − B = − 1 or A – 2B = –2 2 And, A +

**B = 8 or 2A + B = 16 …(ii) 2 Multiplying (ii) by 2 and adding to (i), we get A – 2B = –2 4A + 2B = 32 5A = 30 ⇒ A = 6 Putting A = 6 in (ii), we get, 12 + B = 16 ⇒ B = 4
**

1 1 1 1 =A ⇒ x = and =B⇒y= y x 6 4 1 1 Hence, x = and y = . 6 4

Now,

14. In ΔABC, D and E are points on the sides AB and AC respectively. If AB = 12 cm, AD = 8 cm, AE = 12 cm and AC = 18 cm, then show that DE || BC. Sol. We have, AB = 12 cm, AD = 8 cm, AE = 12 cm and AC = 18 cm

Model Test Paper-1 (Term - I)

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AD 8 2 AE 12 2 = = and = = AB 12 3 AC 18 3 AD AE ⇒ = AB AC Hence, by converse of Thales theorem, DE || BC. Proved. 15. Prove that cos4A – cos2A = sin4A – sin2A Sol. LHS = cos4A – cos2A = cos2A (cos2A – 1) = – cos2A (1 – cos2A) = – cos2A sin2A = – sin2A (1 – sin2A) = – sin2A + sin4A = sin4A – sin2A = RHS Proved. 16. In a right triangle ABC, right angled at C if tan A = 1, then verify that 2sinA cosA = 1 ∴

Sol. In ∆ABC, we have, tan A = 1 ⇒

BC = 1 ⇒ BC = x and AC = x AC By Pythagoras theorem, we have, AB2 = AC2 + BC2 ⇒ AB2 = x2 + x2 ⇒ AB =

2x

∴ sin A =

x x BC 1 AC 1 = = = = and cos A = AB AB 2x 2 2x 2

1 2 × 1 2 =1

⇒

2 sin A cos A = 2 ×

Verified.

17. Find the sum of the deviations of the variate values 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 14 from their mean. Sol. Variates are : 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 14 3 + 4 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 14 42 ∴ Mean, x = = =7 6 6 Sum of deviations from x = 7 is : (3 – 7) + (4 – 7) + (6 – 7) + (7 – 7) + (8 – 7) + (14 – 7) = –4 –3 –1 + 0 + 1 + 7 = 0 18. Find the value of x, if the mode of the following data is 25. 15, 20, 25, 18, 14, 15, 25, 15, 18, 16, 20, 25, 20, x, 18 Sol. The frequency table of the given data is as given below :

Value (xi) : Frequency ( fi ) : 14 1 15 3 16 1 18 3 20 3 25 3

x

1

It is given that the mode of the given data is 25. So, it must have the maximum frequency. That is possible only when x = 25. Hence, x = 25 SECTION C (Question numbers 19 to 28 carry 3 marks each.) 19. Prove that if x and y are odd positive integers, then x2 + y2 is even but not divisible by 4. Sol. We know that, any odd positive integer is of the form 2q + 1 for some integer q.

4 Sample Papers in Mathematics-X (Term - I)

So, let x = 2m + 1 and y = 2n + 1 for some integers m and n. ∴ x2 + y2 = (2m + 1)2 + (2n + 1)2 ⇒ x2 + y2 = 4 (m2 + n2) + 4(m + n) + 2 ⇒ x2 + y2 = 4 {(m2 + n2) + (m + n)} + 2 ⇒ x2 + y2 = 4q + 2, where q = (m2 + n2) + (m + n) ⇒ x2 + y2 is even and leaves remainder 2 when divided by 4 Proved. ⇒ x2 + y2 is even but not divisible by 4 OR Show that 2 3 is irrational.

a Sol. If possible let 2 3 be rational. Let the simplest form of 2 3 be , where a and b b are positive integers having no common factor other than 1. Then a a 2 3= ⇒ 3= …(i) b 2b a Since, a and 2b are non-zero integers, so, is rational. 2b Thus, from (i) it follows that 3 is rational . This contradicts the fact that that 2 3 is rational. Hence, 2 3 is irrational.

3 is irrational. The contradiction arises by assuming

Proved

1 are the zeroes of the cubic polynomial 3 p(x) = 3x3 – 5x2 – 11x – 3 and then verify the relationship between the zeroes and its coefficients. Sol. We have, p(x) = 3x3 – 5x2 – 11x – 3 ∴ p(3) = 3 × 33 – 5 × 32 – 11 × 3 – 3 = 81 – 45 – 33 – 3 = 0 p(–1) = 3 × (–1)3 – 5 × (–1)2 – 11 × (–1) – 3 = – 3 – 5 + 11 – 3 = 0

20. Verify that 3, – 1 and –

1 5 11 1 1 1 1 p – = 3 × – – 5 × – – 11 × – – 3 = – – + – 3 = 0 3 3 3 3 9 9 3 1 So, 3, –1 and – are the zeroes of polynomial p(x). 3 Varification : 1 Let α = 3, β = –1 and γ = – . Then, 3 1 5 Coeff. of x 2 –5 – – = = = α+β+γ =3–1– 3 3 3 Coeff. of x 3

3

2

– + – ×3 αβ + βγ + γ α = 3 × (–1) + (–1) × 3 3 =–3 +

Model Test Paper-1 (Term - I)

1

1

1 – 11 Coeff. of x – 1= = 3 3 Coeff. of x 3

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**1⎞ Constant term ⎛ 3⎞ αβγ = 3 × (–1) × ⎛ − ⎟ =1= − ⎜ =− ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3 ⎠ Coeff. of x 3 21. Solve : Sol. Taking 2 2 1 3+ 2=0 and hence find a for which y = ax – 4. = , + x 3y 6 x y
**

1 1 = u and = v. The given system of equations becomes y x

2 1 2u + v = … (i) ⇒ 12u + 4v = 1 3 6 And, 3u + 2v = 0 … (ii) Multiplying equation (ii) by 2 and subtracting from equation (i), we get 1 6u = 1 ⇒ u = 6 1 1 Putting u = in (i), we get, 2 + 4v = 1 ⇒ v = − 6 4 1 1 Hence, x = = 6 and y = = − 4 u v So, the solution of the given system of equations is x = 6, y = – 4 Putting x = 6, y = – 4 in y = ax – 4, we get, – 4 = 6a – 4 ⇒ a = 0

22. In the given figure, if AB || CD, find the value of x. Sol. Since, the diagonals of a trapezium divide each other proportionally, ∴

AO BO 3x − 1 2 x + 1 = = ⇒ OC OD 5x − 3 6 x − 5

**⇒ (3x – 1) (6x – 5) = (2x + 1) (5x – 3) ⇒ 18x2 – 15x – 6x + 5 = 10x2 – 6x + 5x – 3 ⇒ 18x2 – 21x + 5 = 10x2 – x – 3 ⇒ 8x2 – 20x + 8 = 0 ⇒ 2x2 – 5x + 2 = 0 ⇒ 2x2 – 4x – x + 2 = 0 ⇒ 2x(x – 2) – 1(x – 2) = 0 ⇒ (x – 2)(2x – 1) = 0 ⇒ x = 2 or x = x=
**

1 1 is rejected because for x = , OD becomes –ve. 2 2 1 2

Hence, x = 2. OR If A be the area of a right triangle and a one of the sides containing the right angle, prove that the length 2 Aa of the altitude on the hypotenuse is . a 4 + 4 A2 Sol. In the figure, ∆LMN is a right triangle right angled at M and MP ⊥ LN. Also MN = a. 1 2A × a × LM ⇒ LM = Area of ∆LMN = A = 2 a

6

…(i)

Sample Papers in Mathematics-X (Term - I)

OR cos A 1 + sin A + = 2 sec A cos A 1 + sin A 2 2 cos A 1 + sinA = cos A + (1 + sin A) = + Sol. LHS cos A (1 + sinA ) 1 + sinA cos A Prove that =

=

1 + 1 + 2 sin A cos2 A + 1 + sin 2 A + 2sinA = cos A (1 + sin A) cosA (1 + sinA)

2(1 + sin A) 2 = = 2secA = RHS. Proved. cos A(1 + sinA) cosA sin θ cos (90 − θ) cos θ cos θ sin (90 − θ) sin θ 25. Prove that + =1 sin (90° − θ) cos (90° − θ)

sin θ cos (90° − θ) cos θ cos θ sin (90° − θ) sin θ + sin (90° − θ) cos (90° − θ) sinθ sinθ cos θ cosθ cos θ sin θ = + = sin2θ + cos2θ = 1 = RHS. cos θ sin θ 3 1 − cos θ 26. If tan θ = , find the value of 4 1 + cos θ 3 Sol. We have, tanθ = 4 Sol. LHS = 9 25 5 ⎛ 3⎞ = 1+ = = ∴ secθ = 1 + t an θ = 1 + ⎜ ⎝ 4⎟ ⎠ 16 16 4 1 4 ⇒ cos θ = Now, cosθ = sec θ 5 4 1 1 1 − cos θ 1 5 ∴ = = 5 = 9 4 9 1 + cos θ 1+ 5 5 27. Find the mean of the following distribution :

2

Proved.

2

x: f: xi 4 6 9 10 15 Total

8

4 5

6 10

9 10 fi 5 10 10 7 8

10 7

15 8 fixi 20 60 90 70 120

Sol. To compute the mean we prepare the following table.

Σfi = 40

Σfixi = 360

Sample Papers in Mathematics-X (Term - I)

Σfi x i 360 = =9 Σf i 40 Thus, the mean of the given distribution is 9. 28. Draw the less than ogive for the following frequency distribution :

∴ Mean x =

Marks : Number of students :

0 - 10 7

10 - 20 10

20 - 30 23

30 - 40 51

40 - 50 6

50 - 60 3

**Sol. We first prepare the cumulative frequency table as given below :
**

Marks 0 - 10 10 - 20 20 - 30 30 - 40 40 - 50 50 - 60 No. of students 7 10 23 51 6 3 Marks less than 10 20 30 40 50 60 Cumulative Frequency 7 17 40 91 97 100

Now, we plot the points (10, 7), (20, 17), (30, 40), (40, 91), (50, 97) and (60, 100) on a graph paper. Then, we join the plotted points by a free hand curve to obtain the required ogive as shown in figure.

Model Test Paper-1 (Term - I)

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SECTION D

(Question numbers 29 to 34 carry 4 marks each.)

29. Given that x – 5 is a factor of the cubic polynomial x3 – 3 5 x2 + 13x – 3 5 , find all the zeroes of the polynomial. Sol. p(x) = x – 5 is a factor of the polynomial q(x) = x3 – 3 5 x2 + 13x – 3 5 , therefore, we divide q(x) by p(x) to get other zeroes of q(x).

∴ q(x) = x 3 − 3 5 x 2 + 13 x − 3 5 = ( x − 5)( x 2 − 2 5 x + 3)

**( ) ( 5 + 2 ) x − ( 5 − 2 ) x + 3 ( ) { ( 5 + 2 )} − ( 5 − 2 ){x − ( 5 + 2 )} = ( x − 5 ) { x − ( 5 + 2 )} { x − ( 5 − 2 )} q( x ) = 0 ⇒ x = 5, ( 5 + 2 ) , ( 5 − 2 ) Hence, zeroes of the polynomial are 5, ( 5 + 2 ) and ( 5 − 2 ) .
**

30. Let a, b, c, d, be positive rationals such that a + b = c + (a = c) and (b = d) or b and d are squares of rationals. Sol. If a = c, then, a + b = c + d ⇒ b = d ⇒ b = d .

Now,

a+

x+

= x − 5 x2 − = x − 5 x x −

d , then show that either

**So, let a ≠ c . Then, there exists a positive rational number x, such that a = c + x
**

b= c+

b =

2

d ⇒ c+x+

b = c+

d

[∵ a = c + x ]

⇒ ⇒

d

…(i)

2

(x + b)

=

( d)

⇒ x2 + 2 b x + b = d ⇒ d – x2 – b = 2x b ⇒

10

b=

d − x2 − b 2x

Sample Papers in Mathematics-X (Term - I)

⇒

b is rational

[∵ d, x, b are rationals, ∴

⇒ b is the square of a rational number

d − x 2 − b2 is rational] 2x

From (i), we have, d = x + b ⇒ d is rational [∵ b is rational] ⇒ d is the square of a rational number. Hence, either a = c and b = d or b and d are the squares of rationals. Proved. 31. In a two digit number, the ten’s digit is three times the unit’s digit. When the number is decreased by 54, the digits are reversed. Find the number. Sol. Let the digit in the unit’s place be x and the digit in the ten’s place be y. Then, number = 10y + x According to the given condition, we have y = 3x … (i) Number obtained by reversing the digits = 10x + y If the number is decreased by 54, the digits are reversed. 10y + x – 54 = 10x + y ⇒ 9x – 9y = –54 ⇒ x – y = – 6 … (ii) ⇒ Putting y = 3x in equation (ii), we get, x – 3x = –6 ⇒ x = 3 Putting x = 3 in y = 3x, we get, y = 9 Hence, number = 10y + x = 10 × 9 + 3 = 93 OR x y x y Solve : + = a + b, 2 + 2 = 2 a b a b Sol. The given system of equations may be written as 1 1 1 1 . x + . y − (a + b ) = 0 and 2 . x + 2 . y − 2 = 0 a b a b By cross-multiplication, we have

⇒

x y 1 = = 2 a 1 1 b 2 1 1 − + + − − 2 + − 2 2 a ab b b b a a a b x a 1 − 2 2 b b a−b

2

⇒

=

y 1 b − a a2

=

1 1 1 − 2 2 ab a b

⇒

x y 1 = = a−b a−b a−b b2 a2 a2 b2

**a−b 1 1 = a2 and y = 2 × = b2 a−b a−b b a a2 b2 a2 b2 ∴ x = a2, y = b2 ⇒x= ×
**

Model Test Paper-1 (Term - I)

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