Amdavad ni Gufa

General information

Architectural Modern, blobitecture,novelty style




Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Campus, near CEPT University, opp. Gujarat University, University Road

Town or city

Ahmedabad, Gujarat


India 23°2′10″N72°32′58″ECoordinates: 23°2′10″N 72°32′58″E


Construction started Completed


1995 Design and construction

Client Architect Architecture firm Other designers

M. F. Hussain B. V. Doshi Vāstu Shilpā Consultants

M. F. Hussain

Amdavad ni Gufa is an underground art gallery in Ahmedabad, India. Designed by the architect Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi, it exhibits works of the Indian artist Maqbool Fida Hussain. The gallery represents a unique juxtaposition of architecture and art.[1] The cave-like underground structure has a roof made of multiple

interconnected domes.[4][6][7] Construction [edit] . known locally as Amdavad. and the artist. Later it was renamed after the city of Ahmedabad. B.[2] Etymology [edit] The gallery is called gufa ("cave" in Gujarati) because of its resemblance to a cave. The Buddhist caves of Ajanta and Ellora inspired Doshi to design the interior with circles and ellipses. and the mosaic snake is from Hindu mythology. The mosaic tiles on the roof are similar to those found on the roofs of the Jain temples at Girnar.V. Hussain. Doshi.[2] On the inside. Gardens and a café are located above ground. M.[4] Development [edit] The structure's contemporary architecture draws on ancient and natural themes. while Hussain's wall paintings are inspired by Paleolithic cave art. covered with a mosaic of tiles. irregular tree-like columns support the domes.[5] The interior is divided by tree trunks or columns similar to those found at Stonehenge.[2] There are facilities for special painting exhibitions and for projecting films. The domes are inspired by the shells of tortoises and by soap bubbles. It was earlier known as Hussain-Doshi ni Gufa.F.[3] It was known earlier as Hussain-Doshi ni Gufa. after its architect.

[10] Broken ceramic crockery[5] and waste tiles were used to cover the domes' exterior.[4] Amdavad ni Gufa exterior The gallery space is below ground level.[8][9] Computer-assisted planning facilities were used to resolve the structure's unorthodox design. stretches over a length of 100 feet (30 m).[4] Together they planned an underground structure capable of withstanding the area's severe summer heat. instead using a continuation of the curved dome structure which extends down to the floor. Though designed to display paintings. while the second covered the surrounding structures including the paving. the café. the cave has no straight walls. Hussain also placed a few metal sculptures of human figures between the inclining columns.[4] Light arrives though snouts. which bears a transversal mosaic of a snake.While visiting Ahmedabad. A partially hidden staircase leads to a circular door which opens into a cave-like space. including his famous horse figures. They are also said to resemble the trunks of trees.[7][9][10] A simple floor of wire mesh and mortar was used instead of a traditional foundation. Ferrocement.[7][9] The cave was constructed by unskilled tribal labourers using only hand tools.[5][7] All the structure's components are self-supporting. similar to those found in natural caves. intended to create a mystic atmosphere. relieving stress by their ubiquitous continuity. The figures were designed to resemble ancient cave paintings in a modern environment. The artwork depicts human figures and motifs of animals. creating spots of light on the floor which move around as the day progresses.[8] Gallery [edit] . painting on them with bold strokes and bright colours.[4] His largest work. He also decorated features such as doors and even air conditioners.[1] The entire design is made up of circles and ellipses. was used for the undulating walls and domes in order to reduce load.[4][5][7][8] Art [edit] Hussain used the gallery's walls as a canvas. The domes themselves are supported by irregularly shaped inclined columns. and a separate art gallery for exhibitions. Sheshnag (the divine serpent). Hussain asked his friend Doshi to design a permanent art gallery for the exhibition of his works. only one inch thick.[2][7][9] Work was carried out in two phases: the first was the construction of the main cave as an underground art gallery.

 Signbord painted by Hussain  Exterior .

 Secretly guarded door  Entrance .

 Entrance door decorated by M.F. Hussain .

 Snouts for entry of light .

 Tile mosaics  Metal sculpture on display  .

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