Modal adalah kata kerja bantu atau auxilliary verb atau helping verbs, yang terdiri dari : shall

, should, will, would, can, could, may, might, must, ought to, need, dare, used to. Kata-kata tersebut di atas ditempatkan sebelum kata kerja atau sesudah subjek. Supaya lebih jelas kita jelaskan satu persatu : Shall dipakai untuk 1. Untuk menyatakan future dengan subjek I/We Contoh : I shall leave for America tomorrow 2. 3. Janji Contoh : You shall have a motorbike (saya janjikan anda akan dapat sepeda) Ancaman Contoh : You shall be punished if you do that

Should 1. Bentuk past dari shall, kalau berada pada anak kalimat 2. Mengandung arti seharusnya dalam bentuk present 3. Mengandung arti sebaiknya (suggestion) Contoh : 1. I say that I shall leave I said that I should leave

2.

You should obey your parents.

3. If you are tired, you should take a rest Will Dipakai : 1. Untuk bentuk future Contoh : I will go to Jakarta tomorrow 2. 3. Untuk janji Contoh : I will come to your house if it doesn’t rain Untuk polite request Contoh : Will you open the window please !

Would 1. Past tense dari will kalau berada pada anak kalimat Contoh : • He say he will come • He said he would come 2. More polite request • Would you open the door, please ! Berarti want kalau ditambah ‘like’ (would like = want) • Would you like a cup of tea ? = Do you want a cup of tea ?

3.

Can Mengandung arti 1. ability at present Contoh : I can speak English BHS INGGRIS 10

Sebagai kata kerja biasa Contoh : Do you need a new book ? 2.MODAL 2. Possibility Contoh : He may come late (mungkin) Might Berarti 1. 3. It must have rained last night (Pasti tadi malam hujan buktinya jalan basah) Suatu kesimpulan atau kepastian di waktu lampau Misal : I would have returned your bicycle (Saya ingin mengembalikan sepedamu tetapi tidak bisa) 11 3.) 2. Harus Contoh : You must study hard 2. Past dari may kalau berada pada anak kalimat He said that he might go home (boleh) 2. Misal : I could have lifted the box just now (Saya bisa mengangkat peti itu tetapi tidak saya lakukan) artinya suatu kemampuan di waktu lampau yang tidak dikerjakan 2. Permission Contoh : May I go home now (bolehkah…. Pasti Contoh : Andi bought a new car . BHS INGGRIS . Probability Contoh : She might be late (mungkin) Must Mengandung arti 1. 4. Permission Contoh : Can I go out ? Could Mengandung arti 1. ability in the past Contoh : When I was young I could play tennis well Permission (izin yang lebih halus dari can) Contoh : Could I borrow your ball point ? May Berarti 1. Sebagai kata kerja bantu Contoh : Need you go so soon ? MODAL PERFECT (Subject – Modal – Have – Verb 3 – Object etc) 1. Past dari can kalau berada pada anak kalimat Contoh : I said that I could go with you 2. Misal : He might have gone by train early this morning (Mungkin dia pergi dengan kereta api tadi pagipagi) artinya suatu kemungkinan di waktu lampau The road is wet . he must be rich Need Dapat dipakai 1.

. means : a. He…. should He a.. was unable d. I admit that I ……a mistakes. You didn’t park your motorcycle because it is not allowed d. e. BHS INGGRIS 12 . You mustn’t park your motorcycle in this area.to meet her a. he was not patient enough b. Mr.” Father : “……………………………………. couldn’t 2. ought to have d. he was been very patient e. She…. You may not park your motorcycle because it is not allowed b. 6. Really ? You mustn’t have prepared it e.sick again a. he was patient as I had expected c. means : a. might have made My mother is sneezing all the time. may not “He should have been more patient”. I decided the wrong way. Really ? You should have prepared it c. e. a. can’t c. is to have 9. needn’t have taken his father’s car to his girl friend. Really ? You needn’t have prepared it She went out just now so I …. You needn’t park your motorcycle because it is not allowed e. should have made d. Yes perhaps. It means that : he didn’t take the car to his girl friend he took the car although it was unnecessary he didn’t take the car because it was not important he took the car and he had to use it he ought to take the car to is girl friend 7. Really ? You must have prepared it b. must have c. 5. 3. You shouldn’t park your motorcycle because it is not allowed c. would have e. could have made c. c. should have b. a. Really ? You may have prepared it d. would have been b. might not 4. must have made b. could not b. Misal : I should have given him some money (Seharusnya saya memberi dia uang tetapi tidak saya lakukan) Suatu keharusan yang tidak terpenuhi LATIHAN SOAL-SOAL 1.a cold.” a.. he was not patient at all I opened the door but I …… see anybody a. Brown did not attend the meeting yesterday. might b. ought to have been 8. could have been e.MODAL Suatu keinginan yang tidak terpenuhi 5. must have been d. can have made e. he was more patient than he is now d. e. b. will have been c. will not d. d. You will not park your motorcycle because it is not allowed Susan : “I didn’t prepare for my examination. can c.

. should b. shall 12. must have started b.. it can be said that you……her about it. must be c. will have 11. it was not necessary for you to take english course e. a.. will have told 15... ought to have told b. a. the students fell a sleep in the car . it was unnecessary for you to take english course d. means : (1) she didn’t called him (2) it wasn’t to call him but she did (3)he wasn’t called by her (4)she called him 21. I have no doubt that you have told her something terrible. should to d.very tired. used ti drive d. used drive c. should have gone 18. a.be able to go on the trip. You don’t take english course b. but we didn’t meet him there (1) might have been (3) could have been (2) should have been (4) needn’t have been 20. There is nobody outside the theatre. ought to have started d. a. He works as a salesman. would go d. They left for Surabaya this morning and he has just arrived there so I’m sure that they…. can c.the text book from French into Indonesian easily (1) is able to translate (3) can translate (2) must translate (4) may translate BHS INGGRIS 13 . has c. So. should not have started c.find ways to the competition of similar products. was to be started 17. Jack said he…. means : (1) of course. must have been 16. Alice : “Sandy. must have told e. was used to drive e. they…. would have gone d. would have b. “He has been studying French since 1980”. and she has been crying since then.MODAL 10. should have been e. might d. but he wasn’t sure. it was necessary for you to take english course e. he…. means : a. ought to e. used to driving b. When he was young. should have gone e. was used to driving 14.. ought to be d. I gave him it (3) I have given it (2) in fact I didn’t give him it (4) I had to give him it but I didn’t 19. a. “She needn’t have called him”. had to 13. will have gone c. “You need take English course”. it is necessary for you to take english course c. means : (1) he didn’t hand the assignment to the teacher (2) he had to hand the assignment to the teacher but he didn’t (3) the assignment wasn’t handed to the teacher (4) he should hand the assignment to the teacher 22. In order to get much profit.by the GIA not by a train.” From the sentence above. I saw you talking to Ann just now. could have gone c. he…. He…. he…. the performance…… a.. a.in the college yesterday. “I should have given the answer to him yesterday”. would have started e. ought to have been b.a car very fast. must have gone b. On the way home from the camping. “He ought to have handed the assignment to the teacher”.

means : a. “Mr. might 27. but he did not come”. he could not attend the lecture... may e.watch most TV programmes if I asked my parents first. “You shouldn’t have smoked at the petrol station”. it’s possible he leaves 25. will b. He…. he must have given a lecture b. can c. might come b. he must give a lecture. I …. he should have given a lecture d. you smoked d. but he didn’t come e. The manager of marketing was not in his office yesterday. can have come e. he is leaving b.down last week (1) ought to have been pulled (2) could have been pulled (3)should have been pulled (4)must be being pulled 24. must have come d. a.. When I was ten. ……for London. a. you didn’t smoke c. you smoke BHS INGGRIS 14 . a. he shouldn’t have given a lecture c. He was late again. Oh. That old bridge…. You say : “…………………………” a. he mightn’t have come e. Brown had to give lecture.MODAL 23. should have come 28. has to come c. he may leave c. he will leave 26. should d. you don’t smoke b. you didn’t have to smoke e.earlier. he may have left d.

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