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Bolt Loading VDI M39.

xmcd

MARYLAND METRICS -- THREAD DATA CHART: Metric Thread -- Coarse Pitch
Nominal
Size
ISOM
Thread
Form
Type
Major
Diameter
mm
d=D
Pitch
mm
p
Root
Radius
mm
r
Pitch
Diameter
mm
d2=D2
Minor
Diameter
Male Thd.
d3
Minor
Diameter
Female Thd.
D1
Thread
Height
Male Thd.
h3
Thread
Height
Female Thd.
H1
Tap
Drill
Diameter
mm
39.00 M 39.00 4.00 0.577 36.402 34.093 34.670 2.454 2.165 35.00
copyright maryland metrics-- all rights reserved filnam:isomlee.xls ver t3a
Fastner size M39
Diameter at stress cross-section A.s (Minor dia of male thread)
D
S
34.093 mm ⋅ :=
Shank diameter of bolt neck
D
T
34.093 mm :=
Outside diameter of the consact area under the head of the driven fastner
D
W
60 mm ⋅ :=
Effective diameter for friction at the contact of the head of the driven fastner
D
km
60 mm ⋅ 42 mm ⋅ +
2
:=
D
km
51 mm ⋅ =
Effective tensile stress cross-section of the bolt thread
A
S
976 mm
2
⋅ :=
Pitch of the bolt thread
P 4 mm ⋅ :=
R
y
210 MPa ⋅ :=
Actual proof stress of the bolt
Minimum 2% Proof stess fo bolt material ISO 898 grade 50
stated in eurocode
R
p.0.2
210 MPa ⋅ :=
Outside diameter of bolt at the smallest cross section
d
0
34.093 mm ⋅ :=
Pitch diameter of the bolt thread
d
2
36.402 mm ⋅ :=
Minor Diameter of bolt thread
d
3
34.093 mm ⋅ :=
Minimum cross section area of the bolt
A
0
π d
0
2

4
912.894 mm
2
⋅ = :=
Half flank angle of blt thread
β
th
π
6
0.524 = :=
Coefficien of friction between bolt and nut thread
μ
G
0.14 :=
Coefficien of friction at the contact of the driven head
μ
K
0.14 :=
Degree of explotiaiton of bolt yield stress desired at max assembly condition
ν 90% :=
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Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
l
K
550 mm ⋅ :=
Bolt clamp Length
Shank length
l
1
l
K
:=
Joint coefficient
w 1 :=
Clamped parts hole diameter
d
h
42 mm ⋅ :=
d
w
410 mm ⋅ :=
D
A
220 mm ⋅ :=
φ atan 0.6 ( ) 30.964 deg ⋅ = :=
R
p.0.2.min
210 MPa ⋅ :=
E
steel
200 GPa ⋅ :=
E
conc
30 GPa ⋅ :=
E
p
E
conc
:=
A
S
R
p.0.2
⋅ 204.96 kN ⋅ =
Maximum assembly preload
expected from tightening to specified
torque
F
M.Tab
A
S
ν ⋅ R
p.0.2

1 3
4
1
d
3
d
2
+
P
π d
2

μ
G
cos β
th
( )
+
|

\
|
|
¹

¸
(
(
(
(
¸
2
⋅ +
151 kN ⋅ = :=
Note this is not with in the VDI spec and should normally be taken from tables
A Preload to resist a maximum force of:- F
A.max
125 kN ⋅ :=
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Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
R1 tightening factor in acordance with table 8 α
A
1.4 :=

Page 3 of 9
Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
bolt diameter to clamping length
l
K
d
0
16.132 =
For friction coefficient class B
F
KRmin
0 N ⋅ :=
R2 Required minimum clamp load.
The joint is symetrically clamped
F
Kerf
F
KRmin
:=
F
Kerf
0 kN ⋅ =
R3 Splitting the working load, elastic resilience and load introduction factor
δ
S
l
K
A
S
E
steel

:=
δ
S
2.818 10
6 −
×
mm
N
⋅ =
δ
P
2
w d
h
⋅ tan φ
( )

ln
d
w
d
h
+
( )
D
A
d
h

( )

d
w
d
h

( )
D
A
d
h
+
( )

¸
(
(
¸

2
D
A
2
d
h
2

l
K
D
A
D
W

( )

w tan φ
( )

¸
(
(
¸
⋅ +
E
p
π ⋅
:=
δ
P
1.434 10
7 −
×
mm
N
⋅ =
Load factor with the application under the bolt head
Φ
K
δ
P
δ
P
δ
S
+
0.048 = :=
Φ Φ
K
:=
n
2d
0.15 :=
Φ
n
n
2d
δ
P
δ
P
δ
S
+
⋅ 7.264 10
3 −
× = :=
f
Z
3.5 μm ⋅ := f
Z
3.5 10
6 −
× m =
R4 Preload changes
See table 5.4/1 P64
F
Z
f
Z
5 ⋅
δ
P
δ
S
+
6 kN ⋅ = := 5 no interfaces
conservative
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Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
R5 Determinine the minimum assembly preload
No temperature reqirements
F
M.min
F
Kerf
1 Φ
n

( )
F
A.max
⋅ + F
Z
+ :=
F
M.min
130 kN ⋅ =
R6 Determine maximum assembly preload
F
M.max
α
A
F
M.min
⋅ :=
F
M.max
182 kN ⋅ =
R7 Determine the assembly stress
σ
red.Mzul
ν R
p.0.2.min
⋅ :=
σ
red.Mzul
189 MPa ⋅ =
F
Mzul
A
0
ν ⋅ R
p.0.2.min

1 3
3
2
d
2
d
0

P
π d
2

1.55 μ
G
⋅ +
|

\
|
|
¹

¸
(
(
¸
+

¸
(
(
¸
:=
F
Mzul
116 kN ⋅ =
Φ F
A.max
⋅ 6.053 kN ⋅ =
0.1 R
p.0.2.min
⋅ A
S
⋅ 20.496 kN ⋅ =
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Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
R8 Determine the working stress
Φ
n
F
A.max
⋅ 0.908 kN ⋅ =
F
S.max
F
Mzul
Φ
n
F
A.max
⋅ + :=
F
S.max
117 kN ⋅ =
σ
Z.max
F
S.max
A
0
:=
σ
Z.max
128.11 MPa ⋅ =
τ
max
M
g
W
p
:=
M
g
d ??????????
F
S.max
117 kN ⋅ =
F
M.max
182 kN ⋅ =
F
M.min
130 kN ⋅ =
G
S.max.x
F
S.max
− δ
S

0 mm ⋅
F
S.max
δ
P

|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
:=
G
M.max.x
F
M.max
− δ
S

0 mm ⋅
F
M.max
δ
P

|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
:=
G
M.min.x
F
M.min
− δ
S

0 mm ⋅
F
M.min
δ
P

|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
:=
G
S.max.y
0 kN ⋅
F
S.max
0 kN ⋅
|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
:=
G
M.max.y
0 kN ⋅
F
M.max
0 kN ⋅
|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
:=
G
M.min.y
0 kN ⋅
F
M.min
0 kN ⋅
|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
:=
( ) ( )
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Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
G
Z.x
F
M.min
− F
Z
+
( )
δ
S

0 mm ⋅
F
M.min
F
Z
+
( )
δ
P

¸
(
(
(
(
¸
:= G
Kerf.x
F
Kerf

( )
δ
S

0 mm ⋅
F
Kerf
( )
δ
P

¸
(
(
(
(
¸
:=
G
Z.y
0 kN ⋅
F
M.min
F
Z

( )
0 kN ⋅

¸
(
(
(
(
¸
:= G
Kerf.y
0 kN ⋅
F
Kerf
( )
0 kN ⋅

¸
(
(
(
(
¸
:=
yield
x
0.6 − mm ⋅
0 mm ⋅
0.3 mm ⋅
|

\
|
|
|
¹
:=
yield
y
A
S
R
p.0.2

A
S
R
p.0.2

A
S
R
p.0.2

|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
:=
25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
G
S.max.y
kN
G
M.max.y
kN
G
M.min.y
kN
G
Z.y
kN
G
Kerf.y
kN
yield
y
kN
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Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
0.6 − 0.4 − 0.2 − 0 0.2 0.4
F s max
max preload
min preload
Loss of preload
Required clamp force
trace 6
G
S.max.x
mm
G
M.max.x
mm
,
G
M.min.x
mm
,
G
Z.x
mm
,
G
Kerf.x
mm
,
yield
x
mm
,
F
set
F
M.max
F
M.min
+
2
156 kN ⋅ = :=
F
set
A
S
R
p.0.2

76.114 % ⋅ =
Page 8 of 9
Bolt Loading VDI M39.xmcd
P 4 mm ⋅ =
150 kN ⋅ δ
S

P
|

\
|
|
¹
rev ⋅ 38.038 deg ⋅ =
G
M.max.x
0.513 −
0
0.026
|

\
|
|
|
¹
mm ⋅ =
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