You are on page 1of 4

Sanitation Facilities in rural areas

As per census 2011, only 32.7% of rural households are having access to latrines. One of the biggest problems facing the sanitation sector is lack of access to sanitary toilets to a large proportion of rural households. The NBA provides assistance for building of Individual Household latrines (IHHLs) to eligible beneficiaries. The building of IHHLs is an activity which is not readily amenable to Public Private Partnership in the traditional sense of the term. However Private sector does play an important role in the sanitation sector by making available the material requirement for construction of toilets. Moreover, as per NBA Guidelines, corporate houses are encouraged to participate in the implementation of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) as an essential part of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) by taking up the issues of sanitation through Information Education Communication (IEC), Human Resource Development (HRD) or through direct targeted interventions. Under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) is one of the key components to bring about improvement in the general quality of life in rural areas. Under this component, activities like compost pits, vermin composting, common and individual biogas plants, low cost drainage, soakage channels/ pits, reuse of waste water and system for collection, segregation and disposal of household garbage etc can be taken up. Under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), assistance for SLWM project is available on the basis of total number of households in each Gram Panchayat (GP), subject to a maximum of Rs.7 lakh for a GP having up to 150 households, Rs.12 lakh up to 300 households, Rs.15 lakh up to 500 households and Rs.20 lakh for GPs having more than 500 households. Funding for SLWM project under NBA is provided by the Central and State Government in the ratio of 70:30. It is upto the Gram Panchayats / State Governments including that of Maharashtra to take up SLWM projects including mini sewerage treatment plants to meet the local requirement by utilizing assistance available under NBA. Additional cost requirement can be met by convergence with MGNGREGS or from the State/GP funds. Government of India has accorded a high priority to rural sanitation. Efforts of the State Governments for promoting rural sanitation were supplemented from 1986 till 1999 by the Central Government under the centrally sponsored Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP) and thereafter from 1999 under the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC). Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) was launched as demand driven, community led programme with major Information Education Communication (IEC) inputs to make sanitation a felt need of the people. To accelerate the progress of Sanitation coverage TSC was revamped as Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) in the XIIth Five Year Plan. The objective of NBA is to achieve sustainable behavior change with provision of sanitary facilities in entire communities in a phased, saturation mode with “Nirmal Grams’ as outcomes. The new strategy is to transform rural India into ‘Nirmal Bharat’ by adopting community saturation approach. NBA goal is to achieve 100% access to sanitation for all rural households by 2022. Under NBA, following steps have been taken:

with earmarked 15% of the total outlay of district projects for IEC activities. Provision has been made for incentivizing Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) & Anganwadi workers for promoting sanitation.from the earlier amount of Rs 3200/-.2500 crore in the year 2012-13 to Rs.87 .42 3880. Along-with beneficiary contribution of Rs. In addition upto Rs. With a view to give thrust to a new approach towards IEC. Focused convergence of rural sanitation with associated Ministries including Health.(Rs.      During 12th five year plan. School Education. Conjoint approach with National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) to ensure water availability for sanitation in Gram Panchayats. 4260 crore in 2013-14. Women’s Groups & NGOs of repute are to be encouraged by states to participate in sanitation promotion. 10000/-. landless labourers with homesteads. the Ministry has launched a Communication and Advocacy Strategy (2012-2017). 2013 is as follows: State/UT-wise centre share released so far and unspent balance (Centre share) as on 31-7-2013 under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) (Rs. 900/-.under NBA. Government of India has allocated Rs 37159 crores for sanitation. No.  A shift from motivating individual household toilet construction to covering whole communities in a Gram Panchayat saturation mode for holistic sanitation outcomes.can be spent under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme for construction of the toilet. STs. the total unit cost of toilet is now Rs. small and marginal farmers. Women & Child Development and Panchayati Raj is being focused upon. Women and Child Development with NBA. 10500/. State/UT Name Centre share Unspent balance released so far as on 31-7-2013 1 ANDHRA PRADESH 19985. The scope of providing incentives for individual household latrine units has been widened to cover all APL households who belong to SCs. 4500/. Convergence with other State Departments like Health. Financial incentive for construction of toilets has been raised for all eligible beneficiaries to Rs. Funds for capacity building of all stakeholders including Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and field level implementers have been earmarked under the revised strategy.5 2 ARUNACHAL 729. The component of Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) has been prioritized by focused funding. physically challenged and women headed households along-with all BPL households.for Hilly and difficult areas) More emphasis on Information Education Communication (IEC). Self Help Groups. 4600/.30 78353. The State/UT wise fund released so far along with details of unspent balances with them as on 31st July. Further Government has increased the allocation under NBA from Rs. in lakh) S.

14 1282.2 68660.06 15.91 34362.69 8748.49 12621.43 3975.43 31323.61 1813.36 11958.33 14388.32 36255.10 Shri Bharatsinh Solanki.26 6998.49 6945.39 4536.73 113128.48 22.25 34080.34 1.56 9934.19 14839.63 11430.03 191937.29 997.08 51676. .74 1161.77 1276.61 8311.94 2342.38 16022.90 848.74 260513.61 12912.PRADESH 3 ASSAM 4 BIHAR 5 CHHATTISGARH 6 D & N HAVELI 7 GOA 8 GUJARAT 9 HARYANA 10 HIMACHAL PRADESH 11 JAMMU & KASHMIR 12 JHARKHAND 13 KARNATAKA 14 KERALA 15 MADHYA PRADESH 16 MAHARASHTRA 17 MANIPUR 18 MEGHALAYA 19 MIZORAM 20 NAGALAND 21 ORISSA 22 PUDUCHERRY 23 PUNJAB 24 RAJASTHAN 25 SIKKIM 26 TAMIL NADU 27 TRIPURA 28 UTTAR PRADESH 29 UTTARAKHAND 30 WEST BENGAL Grand Total:- 55619.86 42857.17 3.87 13548.84 2921.92 94.87 81256.15 172.22 47924.91 4945.70 32012.78 272.54 69506.44 120654.52 3400.26 22917.06 9235. Minister of State (Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation gave this information in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.83 6726.02 30369.96 5419.73 1136281.39 12021.35 364.61 1434.74 15354.

Area Officers and Technical Officers of the Ministry tour the States to assess the progress in the implementation of the Programme. etc. the States have to mark the habitations targeted for coverage and provide details of works. through which implementation of NRDWP is monitored. The Ministry monitors the information provided regularly. He said that assessment of achievements is done through periodic evaluations of the programme by his Ministry and the Planning Commission. Every year. Senior Officers. The reasons for some States being unable to spend the available funds under NRDWP fully and in time. The reasons for some States not fully achieving the annual targets of coverage of habitations. sanctioning. include high capital costs of large multi-village schemes to bring water from distant safe sources. schemes and activities being taken up. and States which are lagging behind in the implementation of the programme. slipping back of habitations to partially covered or quality affected status due to drying up of drinking water sources. video-conferences. delayed release of funds to implementing authorities etc. drinking water sources becoming contaminated due to natural and man-made causes. The physical and the financial progress being made by States have to be reported on a monthly basis on the IMIS. procuring. Under the NRDWP. an Annual Action Plan to implement various components and activities of the NRDWP. systems working below rated capacities. Minister of State (Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation gave this information in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today. . both in terms of physical achievements and financial expenditure. designing. The State Governments are required to prepare and discuss with the Ministry. various mechanisms have been put in place to monitor the activities at different levels. taking up multi-village schemes that require 2-3 years for completion thus delaying expenditure. poor operation and management of systems. on the on-line Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) of the Ministry. delays in preparatory activities.National Rural Drinking Water Programme The deficiencies which have been noticed in the implementation of the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in some States include the non-achievement of annual targets of coverage of rural habitations. especially quality affected habitations. regional review meetings. water supply systems outliving their life. increase in population and emergence of new habitations and procurement issues. Shri Bharatsinh Solanki. include delays in procurement processes. and the inadequate utilisation of central funds in time resulting in high unspent balances. The Ministry also conducts meetings of the Secretaries in charge of rural water supply. are advised to take appropriate corrective measures. execution and commissioning of such schemes. time taken for planning. lowering of ground water table. long time taken for completion of legal formalities including obtaining various clearances.