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RNC in Pool to Enhance Network Reliability

Author: Hu Guang huguang@huawei.com

Introduction
1.1 Mobile Broadband Trend
Smartphones are undergoing rapid development. For example, the smartphone penetration is expected to be over 50% by 2015 in Western European countries. This has been pushing data traffic into drastic increases. Furthermore, this strong momentum is still gathering. Smartphone penetration in Western European countries

Signaling flows are on fold increases as high-speed data services and smartphone applications are multiplying, generating signaling storms. The signaling connections per hour on a typical smartphone are above five times over a feature phone. This is stimulating challenging demands on processing capacity of mobile network infrastructure. In parallel, data services are contributing more profits than voice services, which once presented more profits to operators. Therefore, surging data flows are another challenge following the signaling storms.

1 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

2 Challenge of Mobile Broadband to Radio Network Controller With continuous development of smartphone and mobile internet. . This is calling for new solution to ensure higher RNC reliability. higher demands of signaling and larger data traffic capacity are required to the mobile network.. This sets higher demands on radio network controller (RNC) in terms of both user-plane and control-plane capacity and reliability. LTD. if one RNC goes faulty. all the services are interrupted on the NodeBs under this RNC. 2 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Traditionally.Service trend on smart mobile terminals 1.

two or more RNCs are connected to each other through the Iur-p interface. The RNCs in the pool work in redundancy mode.Solution 1. to have the control right to restore services. another RNC obtains the fault information through the Iur-p interface and takes over the services that are provided by the faulty RNC. the RNC control right change is triggered to enable other RNCs. 1. When the primary RNC goes faulty. RNC in Pool networking On an RNC in Pool network. an RNC is additionally configured with an interface Iur-p through which several RNCs are connected to form a resource pool. When one RNC goes faulty. The RNC that has the control right over dual-homing NodeBs is a primary RNC. This helps prevent service interruption on the network when one RNC is faulty. .4 RNC in Pool High Reliability The RNC in Pool high reliability is achieved by connecting a NodeB to two or more RNCs through the Iub interface..3 Overview With the RNC in Pool solution. LTD. 3 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. to which the NodeB belongs.

freeing of configuration changes on other NEs.1 RNC Control Right Change Modes Manually triggered RNC control right change Having observed an alarm and exception and found that the RNC is faulty and an RNC control right change is needed based on the fault type and severity. Dual-homing links must be configured on the Iub interface. After the RNC fault is rectified. This raises hardware utilization and lowers hardware bills.4. Backup hardware is required. The RNCs in redundancy mode can still connect to NodeBs and provide services. The RNC control right change can be triggered manually or automatically. the duty staff can manually trigger an RNC control right change again to enable the primary RNC to take back the control right over the dual-homing NodeBs.  Impact: − − − 1. With N+1 redundancy. a duty staff in the equipment room manually triggers an RNC control right change so that one secondary RNC takes over the control right over dual-homing NodeBs. one RNC can work as backup for several active RNCs. 4 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.RNC redundancy on an RNC in Pool network  Advantages: − − − The RNC ID remains the same after the RNC control right changes. .. Backup routes must be configured on the Iu interface. LTD.

If no heartbeat message or abnormal heartbeat message is detected.Manually triggered RNC control right change in an RNC in Pool network Manually triggering is performed by the duty staff and is easily implemented.  Advantages: − Manual triggering helps prevent possible impact brought by automatic triggering. online UEs are forcibly disconnected and single-homing NodeBs are out of service after the RNC control right changes. device reset. For example. the RNCs detect the running status of each other. Therefore. . one secondary RNC automatically triggers an RNC control right change to take over the logical RNC to serve the dual-homing NodeBs. When the automatic redundancy function is enabled. When the fault is rectified on the primary RNC. the RNCs with the same NodeB multi-homing relationship periodically transmits heartbeat messages to each other over the Iur-p interface or over other standard interfaces when the Iur-p interface is faulty. the secondary RNC decides to trigger an RNC control right to enable the primary RNC to take back the control right. it is helpful in the initial stage of operating an RNC in Pool network. manual triggering helps prevent possible impact brought by automatic triggering during such operations. and software upgrade. the secondary RNCs detect the heartbeat message. − Automatically triggered RNC control right change On an RNC in Pool network. In this way. 5 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.. Then. LTD. such as transmission adjustment.

Automatically triggered RNC control right change in an RNC in Pool network  Advantages: − An RNC control right is automatically triggered.. interrupted services can return normal in case of RNC faults caused by a natural disaster. An automatic RNC control right change caused by any inaccurate detection brings about adverse impact on network performance. LTD. An unexpected RNC control right change may also be automatically triggered during some maintenance operations when the automatic redundancy function is enabled.  Impact: − − 6 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Therefore. .

. while increasing the capacity of a single RNC. The solution supports evolution to cloud-based network in terms of both hardware and software architectures. The solution supports multiple logical RNCs and N+1 redundancy. The RNC in Pool solution provides advantages as follows:    Each single RNC provides higher capacity. LTD.. 7 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. helping reducing the number of required RNCs.Conclusion The RNC in Pool solution aims to improve the RNC reliability by load sharing and RNC redundancy to sustain the drastic development of mobile broadband. helping increase hardware utilization.