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Restricted Earth Fault Protection of Transformer | REF Protection | Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering
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Restricted Earth Fault Protection of Transformer | REF Protection
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Restricted Earth Fault Protection Transformer
An external fault in the star side w ill result in current flow ing in the line current transformer of the affected phase and at the same time a balancing current flow s in the neutral current transformer, hence the resultant electric current in the relay is therefore zero. So this REF relay w ill not be actuated for external earth fault. But during internal fault the neutral current transformer only


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operation of Restricted Earth Fault Relay takes place. This scheme of restricted earth fault protection is very sensitive for internal earth fault of electrical pow er transformer. The protection scheme is comparatively cheaper than differential protection scheme Restricted earth fault protection is

provided in electrical pow er transformer for sensing internal earth fault of the transformer. In this scheme the CT secondary of each phase of electrical pow er transformer are connected together as show n in the figure. Then common terminals are connected to the secondary of a Neutral Current Transformer or NCT. The CT or Current Transformer connected to the neutral of pow er transformer is called Neutral Current

..electrical4u.. If these both electric currents are equal in amplitude there w ill not be any resultant current circulate through the said close path. www. An unbalance current w ill also flow through the neutral of pow er transformer and hence there w ill be a secondary current in Neutral CT because of this unbalance neutral current..9/12/13 Restricted Earth Fault Protection of Transformer | REF Protection | Electrical Engineering Over Fluxing in Transformer Three phase transformer Current Transformer Voltage Transformer • Accuracy Limit & Instrument Security Factor • Knee Point V oltage of Current Transformer Earthing or Grounding Transformer External & Internal Faults in Transformer Backup Protection of Transformer Differential Protection of Transformer Restricted Earth Fault Protection Buchholz Relay in Transformer More. Hence the relay w ill not response even there is an unbalancing in phase current of the pow er transformer. Whenever there is an unbalancing in betw een three phases of the pow er transformer.. In Restricted Earth Fault scheme the common terminals of phase CTs are connected to the secondary of Neutral CT in such a manner that secondary unbalance current of phase CTs and the secondary current of Neutral CT w ill oppose each other. Transformer or Neutral CT or simply NCT.. a resultant unbalance current flow through the close path connected to the common terminals of the CT se condaries... The Restricted Earth Fault Relay is connected in this close 2/3 .

2013 at 12:43 AM said: Good ex planation .9/12/13 Restricted Earth Fault Protection of Transformer | REF Protection | Electrical Engineering Google You may like these pages also Backup Protection of Transformer | Ov er Current and Earth Fault Transformer Protection and Transformer Fault Differential Protection of Transformer | Differential Relay s Protection Sy stem in Power Sy stem Knee Point V oltage of Current Transformer PS Class What is Earthing Transformer or Grounding Transformer Ty pes of Electrical Protection Relay s or Protectiv e Relay s Code of practice for power sy stem protection Electrical Switchgear Protection Accuracy Limit Factor and Instrument Security Factor of Current Transformer ON E THOUGHT ON “RESTRICTED EA RTH FA ULT PROTECTION OF TRA N SFORMER | REF PROTECTION ” Anony m ous on May 27 .electrical4u.better the CT may shows polarity for primary & secondary also 3/3 . www.