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Circuit Breakers Defined

defines a circuit breaker as: “A mechanical switching device, capable of making, carrying and breaking currents under normal circuit conditions. Also capable of making and carrying for a specified time and breaking currents under specified abnormal circuit conditions, such as those of a short circuit.”

Pneumatic Circuit Breaker

A pneumatic circuit breaker either stops, diverts or releases pneumatic pressure if it reaches a level too high for its designed application. You might see a need for such a device in a system that uses both high and low pressure. For example, the source of pneumatic pressure may be a pump capable of generating 1,000 lb. per square inch of pressure to lift something; the pressure may also be used to operate simple switches, which may not need any more than one-hundredth of that pressure to operate. The pneumatic circuit breaker would then respond to a predetermined amount of pressure, protecting the lighter-duty circuitry from very high pressure, should a valve or regulator malfunction.

Pneumatic Actuated Circuit Breaker

Not all pneumatic circuit breakers refer to mechanical systems, which actuate other mechanical systems. Pneumatics can be used to actuate an electric system, just as electric systems can be used to actuate pneumatic systems. For example, another kind of pneumatic circuit breaker would be one that senses pressure in a pneumatic system, which creates its pressure by an electric pump. If the pressure gets too high, then a pneumatic control would mechanically flip an electrical circuit breaker, shutting off the motor. It may work in reverse, too: an electrical circuit breaker could be used to shut down the function of a pneumatic system

What is arc ?
During opening of current carrying contacts in a circuit breaker the medium in between opening contacts become highly ionized through which the interrupting current gets low resistive path and continues to flow through this path even the contacts are physically separated. During the flowing of current from one contact to other the path becomes so heated that it glows. This is called arc.

The main designing criteria of a circuit breaker is to provide appropriate technology of arc quenching in circuit breaker to fulfill quick and safe current interruption. and basic theory of arc in circuit breaker.what is arc"e. As long as this arc is sustained in between the contacts the current through the circuit breaker will not be interrupted finally as because arc is itself a conductive path of electricity. on load current contacts of circuit breaker open there is an arc in circuit breaker. The dielectric strength of the media in between contacts can be increased in numbers of ways. Due to this large power there is always dangerously high arcing between moving contacts and fixed contact during operation of circuit breaker. Hence a numbers of arc quenching processes should be involved in operation of circuit breaker Types of Circuit Breaker According different criteria there are different types of circuit breaker According to their arc quenching media the circuit breaker can be divided as 1) Oil Circuit Breaker 2) Air Circuit Breaker 3) SF6 Circuit Breaker 4) Vacuum Circuit Breaker According to their services the circuit breaker can be divided as . established between the separating contacts.Arc in Circuit Breaker Whenever. by cooling the arcing media since cooling increase the resistance of arcing path or by replacing the ionized arcing media by fresh gasses. we should try to understand "e. like by compressing the ionized arcing media since compressing accelerates the deionization process of the media. Again as we discussed earlier the arc in circuit breaker can be quenching safely if the dielectric strength between the current carrying contacts of circuit breaker increases rapidly during every current zero crossing of the alternating current. For total interruption of current the circuit breaker it is essential to quench the arc as quick as possible. Let’s have a discussion on electrical principle of circuit breaker The circuit breaker has to carry large rated or fault power. let’s discuss. So before going through different arc quenching techniques employed in circuit breaker.

Circuit Breakers . stored energy mechanisms for quick-make. rotary-operated low-torque handles with an independent spring charged mechanism providing quick-make. or gas insulated circuit breakers. Molded Case Circuit Breakers. quick break. these breakers have draw-out . Heavy Duty Power Circuit Breakers. There are three types: 1 .It detects the fault condition and interrupt the continuity to stop the flow of electricity immediately E. Low voltage circuit breakers typically operate at 600 volts a. Circuit Breakers . 2 . Insulated case circuit breakers are molded-case breakers using glass-reinforced insulating material for increased dielectric strength. which operate in the range of above 15. quickbreak manual or electric operation. High-voltage circuit breakers consist of oil. air. Heavy duty power circuit breakers employ spring operated. low energy power circuits.High-Voltage. 3 . Molded case circuit breakers are available in a wide range of ratings and are generally used for low-current. Generally.Low-Voltage.000 volts F . Insulated Case Circuit Breakers. In addition.c.1) Outdoor Circuit Breaker 2) Indoor Breaker According to the operating mechanism of circuit breaker they can be divided as 1) Spring operated Circuit Breaker 2) Pneumatic Circuit Breaker 3) Hydrolic Circuit Breaker According to the voltage level of installation types of circuit breaker are referred as 1) High Voltage Circuit Breaker 2) Medium Voltage Circuit Breaker 3) Low Voltage Circuit Breaker circuit breaker working principle is that it is an automatically operated electric switch. The breakers have self contained overcurrent trip elements. they have push-to-open button. vacuum. protection. and below.