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ADVERBS = příslovce

Adjective describes nouns: A big dog a careful driver Adverbs describes verbs: She ran quickly. He drives too fast. Regular adverbs: add –ly to the adjective Words ending in –y change to –ily: easy – easily Adjective quick slow careful real heavy fortunate sudden immediate Adverb quickly slowly carefully really heavily fortunately suddenly immediately

Irregular adverbs: Adjective good fast (fast train = rychlík) early (early morning train) hard (hard work) late (pozdní) Adverb well fast (drive fast) early (get up early) hard (She works hard) late (pozdě) Other meaning

hardly = sotva, stěží lately = v poslední době

POSITION OF ADVERBS: Adverb of Manner Examples of adverbs of manner are " nicely, beautifully, slowly, carefully, awfully..." These adverbs come after the direct (předmět) object or after the verb if there isn't any direct object. He spoke English well. (The adverb of manner well comes after the direct object English.) x He spoke good English. (mluvil dobrou angličtinou) He drove the lorry carelessly. (The adverb of manner carelessly comes after the direct object the lorry.)

He answered the question correctly. (The adverb of manner - correctly comes after the object question.) 2. Adverbs of Place Examples of adverbs of place are "here, there, behind, above..." Adverbs of place are like adverbs of manner. They come after the direct object or the verb. I met him here. (The adverb of place here comes after the direct object him.) He sat there. (The adverb of place there comes after the verb sat.) 3. Adverbs of Time Examples of adverbs of time are " recently, now, then, tomorrow, yesterday..." Adverbs of time are usually put at the end of the sentence but they may also come at the beginning of the sentence. I will show you the house tomorrow. Tomorrow, I will show you the house. 4. Adverbs of Frequency Examples of adverbs of frequency are "always, never, often, seldom, usually, sometimes ..." Adverbs of frequency come before the main verb except the main verb "to be": ◦ I sometimes visit my uncle. ◦ We have often seen him pass by the house. ◦ They are seldom at work. Occasionally, sometimes, often, frequently and usually can also go at the beginning or at the end of a sentence: o Sometimes, they visit him. o I miss him occasionally. (příležitostně) Rarely and seldom (zřídka) can also go at the end of a sentence (often with "very"): o We see them rarely. o John eats meat very seldom.

When we say how the action is performed (prováděna, vykonávána) we use an adverb: She sings beautifully. He answered correctly. He drives slowly We use an adjective (příd. jméno) not an adverb when we describe the subject (předmět) not the action: She always looks beautiful. It smells nice (not nicely). I feel good. It sounds great (not greatly). = zní to skvěle It tastes good. = chutná to ...