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19-0157; Rev 2; 8/03

Single/Dual, Ultra-Fast, Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators
General Description
The MAX913 single and MAX912 dual, high-speed, low-power comparators have differential inputs and complementary TTL outputs. Fast propagation delay (10ns, typ), extremely low supply current, and a wide common-mode input range that includes the negative rail make the MAX912/MAX913 ideal for low-power, high-speed, single +5V (or ±5V) applications such as V/F converters or switching regulators. The MAX912/MAX913 outputs remain stable through the linear region. This feature eliminates output instability common to high-speed comparators when driven with a slow-moving input signal. The MAX912/MAX913 can be powered from a single +5V supply or a ±5V split supply. The MAX913 is an improved plug-in replacement for the LT1016. It provides significantly wider input voltage range and equivalent speed at a fraction of the power. The MAX912 dual comparator has equal performance to the MAX913 and includes independent latch controls. o Ultra Fast (10ns) o Single +5V or Dual ±5V Supply Operation o Input Range Extends Below Negative Supply o Low Power: 6mA (+5V) Per Comparator o No Minimum Input Signal Slew-Rate Requirement o No Power-Supply Current Spiking o Stable in the Linear Region o Inputs Can Exceed Either Supply o Low Offset Voltage: 0.8mV o Now Available in a Small µMAX Package



Ordering Information
PART MAX912CPE MAX912CSE MAX912EPE MAX912ESE MAX913CPA MAX913CSA MAX913EPA MAX913ESA MAX913EUA TEMP RANGE 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C PIN-PACKAGE 16 Plastic DIP 16 Narrow SO 16 Plastic DIP 16 Narrow SO 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 µMAX

Zero-Crossing Detectors Ethernet Line Receivers Switching Regulators High-Speed Sampling Circuits High-Speed Triggers Extended Range V/F Converters Fast Pulse Width/Height Discriminators

Pin Configurations
V+ IN+ IN1 2 3 8 7 6 5 Q Q GND LE QA 1 QA 2 GND 3 LEA 4 N.C. 5 V- 6 INA- 7 A B 16 QB 15 QB 14 GND 13 LEB 12 N.C. 11 V+ 10 INB9 INB+

V- 4


INA+ 8

DIP/NARROW SO ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1

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............ ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS V+ = +5V... These are stress ratings only........ V.......4 6 1 10 2 mA mA V V µA 0................+300°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device..0°C to +70°C MAX91_E_ _..............0 0.........................0 0.........3 0.......... E temperature ranges Single +5V C..........5V Negative supply...-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering...4 110 85 100 3500 3...................362mW 16-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10....±20mA Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 8-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9....7 2.. VLE = 0V...........................5mW/°C above +70°C) ..-40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range ..8 -20 TA = +25°C TA = TMIN TO TMAX TA = +25°C C...............5 MIN TYP 0......5 +3........5V ≤ V+ ≤ 5.........70mW/°C above +70°C) .727mW 8-Pin SO (derate 5......4 3...................3 0..... 4......................................5 V 2 RS ≤ 100Ω CONDITIONS TA = +25°C TA = TMIN TO TMAX 2 0...................3V to +14V Latch Pin Voltage .......2 -0....... Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability....= -5V.. VQ = 1.............53mW/°C above +70°C)842mW 16-Pin Narrow SO (derate 8....... Typical values are at TA = +25°C...........1 MAX 2 3 UNITS mV µV/°C µA µA V dB dB V/V 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ...... Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators MAX912/MAX913 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Positive Supply Voltage ..... Ultra-Fast.........Equal to Supplies Continuous Output Current..............2 80 60 80 1500 2...........4V................... E temperature ranges C. 10s) ...................09mW/°C above +70°C) ..........+7V Negative Supply Voltage ........... and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied.......-7V V+ to V..................5V Positive supply........ TA = TMIN to TMAX........5 1 5 8 +3......Single/Dual..5V ISINK = 4mA TA = +25°C. TA = +25°C V+ ≥ 4.696mW Operating Temperature Ranges: MAX91_C_ _ .. -2V ≥ V.471mW 8-Pin µMAX (derate 4..88mW/°C above +70°C)........................... ISINK = 10mA C........ E temperature ranges -5...................0V ≤ VCM ≤ +3.......... E temperature ranges IOUT = 1mA IOUT = 10mA -5....≥ -7V 1V ≤ VQ ≤ 2V...+15V Input Voltage (Referred to V-) ........... unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) PARAMETER Input Offset Voltage (Note 2) Offset Drift Input Offset Current (Note 2) Input Bias Current Input Voltage Range Common-Mode Rejection Ratio Power-Supply Rejection Ratio Small-Signal Voltage Gain SYMBOL VOS TCVOS IOS IB VCM CMRR PSRR AV VOH Output Voltage VOL Positive Supply Current Per Comparator (Note 3) Negative Supply Current Per Comparator (Note 3) Latch-Pin High Input Voltage Latch-Pin Low Input Voltage Latch-Pin Current I+ IVIH VIL IIL VLE = 0V -1 2........................-0.......+13V Differential Input Voltage .

TA = TMIN to TMAX.4V. These parameters are guaranteed by design. measured by forcing first one output. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) V+ = +5V. Note 5: Input latch setup time (tSU) is the interval in which the input signal must be stable prior to asserting the latch signal. Ultra-Fast. VOD = 20mV ∆VIN = 100mV. VOD = 5mV (MAX912 only) tSU tH tLPD CONDITIONS TA = +25°C TA = TMIN TO TMAX TA = +25°C TA = TMIN TO TMAX TA = +25°C MAX913 MAX912 2 3 500 2 5 0 2 7 9 MIN TYP 10 MAX 14 16 12 15 4 5 ns ns UNITS MAX912/MAX913 Propagation Delay (Note 4) tPD+. VQ = 1.4V. Differential Propagation Delay is defined as ∆tPD = tPD+ . Note 4: Propagation Delay (tPD) and Differential Propagation Delay (∆tPD) cannot be measured in automatic handling equipment with low input overdrive values. tPD- Differential Propagation Delay (Note 4) Channel-to-Channel Propagation Delay (Note 4) Latch Setup Time (Note 5) Latch Hold Time (Note 5) Latch Propagation Delay (Note 6) ∆tPD TA = +25°C ps ns ns ns Note 1: All specifications are 100% tested at TA = +25°C. Note 6: Latch Propagation Delay (tLPD) is the delay time for the output to respond when the latch-enable pin is deasserted (see Timing Diagram). VLE = 0V. Electrical Characteristic DC tests are performed to guarantee that all internal bias conditions are correct. The hold time (tH) is the interval after the latch is asserted in which the input signal must be stable. Specification limits over temperature (TA = TMIN to TMAX) are guaranteed by design. then the other to 1.tPD-. VOS is added to overdrive.Single/Dual.4V). For low overdrive conditions. unless otherwise noted. unless otherwise noted. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 .) (Note 1) PARAMETER SYMBOL ∆VIN = 100mV. Note 3: Supply currents are measured with VQ driven to both VOH and VOL (not 1. VOD = 5mV ∆VIN = 100mV. V. VOD = 5mV ∆VIN = 100mV. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. Input Offset Current (IOS) is defined the same way. Note 2: Input Offset Voltage (VOS) is defined as the average of the two input offset voltages.= -5V. Characterization and correlation tests have shown that tPD and ∆tPD limits can be guaranteed by design.

TA = +25°C.2V 1.0 2. unless otherwise noted. SOURCE RESISTANCE MAX912/13 toc02 PROPAGATION DELAY vs. NEGATIVE SUPPLY VOLTAGE TA = +85°C MAX912/13 toc06 11 VOD = 5mV 10 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 9 8 7 6 5 -40 -20 40 TEMPERATURE (°C) 0 20 60 80 Q OUTPUT tPDQ OUTPUT tPD- 10 9 8 7 I+ (mA) V.4 1.= 0 TO 5V TA = +85°C 1. INPUT OVERDRIVE MAX912/13 toc01 PROPAGATION DELAY vs.4 0. CL = 15pF.0 I.(mA) 0.5V 5 4 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 3 2 1 0 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 DIFFERENTIAL INPUT VOLTAGE (mV) 4 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .5 1.) PROPAGATION DELAY vs. VLE = 0V.(V) 4 5 6 7 OFFSET VOLTAGE vs.5 0 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 TEMPERATURE (°C) VCM = 0V VCM = 3. TEMPERATURE MAX912/13 toc08 OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs.0 0. V.8 0. TEMPERATURE MAX912/13 toc07 INPUT BIAS CURRENT vs. POSITIVE SUPPLY VOLTAGE MAX912/13 toc05 NEGATIVE SUPPLY CURRENT (PER COMPARATOR) vs.= -5V. DIFFERENTIAL INPUT VOLTAGE MAX912/13 toc09 600 500 OFFSET VOLTAGE (µV) 400 300 200 100 0 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 TEMPERATURE (°C) 3. TEMPERATURE MAX912/13 toc04 POSITIVE SUPPLY CURRENT (PER COMPARATOR) vs.2 1.5 INPUT BIAS CURRENT (µA) 2.2 TA = +25°C Q OUTPUT tPD+ 6 5 4 3 2 TA = +25°C TA = -40°C TA = -40°C Q OUTPUT tPD+ 1 0 3 4 5 V+ (V) 6 7 0 1 2 3 V.Single/Dual.6 0. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators MAX912/MAX913 Typical Operating Characteristics (V+ = +5V.0 VCM = -5. Ultra-Fast. LOAD CAPACITANCE VOD = 10mV 12 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 10 8 6 4 2 0 tPD+ tPDMAX912/13 toc03 10 20 18 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 tPD+ tPDVOD = 10mV 14 PROPAGATION DELAY (ns) 9 8 tPD+ 7 tPD- 6 5 1 10 INPUT OVERDRIVE (mV) 100 0 1 10 100 1k 10k SOURCE RESISTANCE (Ω) 10 20 30 40 50 LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) PROPAGATION DELAY vs.

V. CL = 15pF.Single/Dual. VLE = 0V. TA = +25°C.) POSITIVE-TO-NEGATIVE PROPAGATION DELAY INPUT 100mV/div OUTPUT Q MAX912/MAX913 NEGATIVE-TO-POSITIVE PROPAGATION DELAY INPUT 100mV/div OUTPUT Q 1V/div 1V/div Q Q 5ns/div 5ns/div MAX912/MAX913 RESPONSE TO 50MHZ (±10mVP-P) SINE WAVE INPUT 10mV/div OUTPUT Q 2V/div 10ns/div MAX912/MAX913 RESPONSE TO SLOW-MOVING TRIANGLE WAVE MAX912/MAX913 RESPONSE INPUT 20mV/div OUTPUT Q 1V/div Q 1V/div INDUSTRY-STANDARD 686 RESPONSE INPUT 20mV/div OUTPUT Q 1V/div Q 1V/div 20µs/div 20µs/div _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 . unless otherwise noted. Ultra-Fast.= -5V. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (V+ = +5V.

+5V. The comparator latch is transparent when LE is low. 12 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 15 16 NAME QA QA GND LEA N.1µF capacitor) or GND for a single supply. Bypass to GND with a 0. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators MAX912/MAX913 MAX912 Pin Description PIN 1 2 3. Comparator B latch is transparent when LEB is low. No Connection. Comparator A Latch Enable. Q and Q are latched when LE is TTL high or floating.Single/Dual. 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .C. Comparator A latch is transparent when LEA is low. Not internally connected. -5V for dual supplies (bypass to GND with a 0. Logic Ground TTL Output Complementary TTL Output FUNCTION Positive Power Supply.1µF capacitor. Ultra-Fast. Connect both GND pins to ground. Comparator B Complementary TTL Output Comparator B TTL Output FUNCTION MAX913 Pin Description PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 NAME V+ IN+ INVLE GND Q Q Noninverting Input Inverting Input Negative Power Supply. Negative Power Supply. 14 4 5. -5V for dual supplies (bypass to GND with a 0. Comparator B Latch Enable. QB and QB are latched when LEB is TTL high or floating.1µF capacitor. Comparator A Inverting Input Comparator A Noninverting Input Comparator B Noninverting Input Comparator B Inverting Input Positive Power Supply. Latch Enable.1µF capacitor) or GND for a single supply. VINAINA+ INB+ INBV+ LEB QB QB Comparator A TTL Output Comparator A Complementary TTL Output Logic Ground. QA and QA are latched when LEA is TTL high or floating. Bypass to GND with a 0.

Many high-speed comparators are useless in their linear region because they oscillate. but acts to keep the input away from its linear range (Figure 2).5V below the positive power supply. One way to overcome this oscillation is to sample the output after it has passed through the unstable region. MAX912/MAX913 Resolution A comparator’s ability to resolve small signal differences—its resolution—is affected by various factors. Timing Diagram _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 . Because the MAX912/MAX913 do not need hysteresis.7V when operating from ±5VDC supplies. Hysteresis does not cure the problem. the outputs are controlled by the input differential voltage and the latch is transparent. Input Amplifier A comparator can be thought of as having two sections. This makes the differential input voltage region around 0V unusable. Ultra-Fast. The total common-mode range is 8. Input common-mode range extends from 200mV below the negative supply rail to 1. an additional factor in resolution is the comparator ’ s stability in its linear region. Figure 2 shows how hysteresis degrades resolution. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators Detailed Description The MAX912 (dual) and MAX913 (single) high-speed comparators have a unique design that prevents oscillation when the comparator is in its linear region. With LE low. as shown in the Typical Operating Characteristics’ industry-standard 686 response graph. the most significant factors are the input offset voltage (VOS) and the common-mode and power-supply rejection ratios (CMRR. they offer high resolution to all signals—including lowfrequency signals.0mV at tSU VIN (DIFFERENTIAL) tH LATCH ENABLE (LE) tPD+ Q tLPD ∆tPD Q tPD- Figure 1. input offset current can be significant. The MAX912/MAX913’s input amplifier is fully differential with input offset voltage trimmed to below 2. For highest accuracy. as does a high VOS.Single/Dual. the input signal has no effect on the output state. do not add hysteresis. For high-speed comparators. The MAX912/MAX913’s amplifier has no built-in hysteresis. As long as Latch Enable (LE) is high or floating. PSRR). No minimum input slew rate is required. The MAX912/MAX913 provide a TTL-compatible latch function that holds the comparator output state (Figure 1). an input amplifier and a logic interface. Another practical solution is to add hysteresis. As with most amplifiers. Either solution results in a loss of resolution and bandwidth. The MAX912/MAX913 do not oscillate in the linear region. the input bias current can introduce another error. which greatly enhances the comparator’s resolution. Many high-speed comparators oscillate in the linear region. +25 ° C. If source impedance is high. If source impedance is unbalanced.

As long as LE is high after the maximum propagation delay and the input is greater than the comparator’s total DC error. Ultra-Fast. careful attention to layout is essential for best performance. For particularly noisy applications.2V to +3.5V). The MAX912/MAX913 will operate from a minimum single-supply voltage of +4.7V (-5. Connect the ceramic capacitors very close to the MAX912/MAX913’s supply pins.Single/Dual. The V+ supply provides power to both the analog input stage and digital output circuits. With a 20mV overdrive. Operation from a single +5V supply provides a common-mode input range of 3. 3) Avoid sockets. 1) Use a printed circuit board with an unbroken ground plane. the output will be valid without oscillations. based on the comparator’s rise and fall time with a 5mV overdrive at +25°C (Figure 1). keeping leads short to minimize lead inductance. use ferrite beads on the power-supply lines.1µF to 1. solder the comparator and other components directly to the board to minimize unwanted parasitic inductance and capacitance.0µF ceramic capacitors in parallel with 10µF or greater tantalum GND for single-supply operation. Input Slew Rate The MAX912/MAX913 design eliminates the input slewrate requirement imposed on many standard comparators.7V (-0.2V to +3. Maximum Clock (LE) and Signal Rate The maximum clock and signal rate is 70MHz. the maximum propagation delay is 12ns and the clock signal rate is 85MHz. 2) Pay close attention to the bandwidth of bypass components and keep leads short. IN+ IN- HYSTERESIS BAND* Q WITH HYSTERESIS IDEAL (WITHOUT HYSTERESIS) *WHEN HYSTERESIS IS ground with 0. Effect of Hysteresis on Input Resolution Chip Information MAX912 TRANSISTOR COUNT: 285 MAX913 TRANSISTOR COUNT: 154 PROCESS: Bipolar 8 _______________________________________________________________________________________ .supply only powers the analog section.5). Bypass V+ and V. whereas the V. Board Layout As with all high-speed components. Figure 2. Connect V. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators MAX912/MAX913 Applications Information Power Supplies and Bypassing The MAX912/MAX913 are tested with ±5V power supplies that provide an input common-mode range (VCM) of 8. A COMPARATOR CANNOT RESOLVE ANY INPUT SIGNAL WITHIN THE HYSTERESIS BAND.

120 0.188 0.007 0.13 0.75 1. Ultra-Fast.25 0. For the latest package outline information go to www.026 0.95 3. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators Package Information (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications.50±0.15 0.05 0. 8L uMAX/uSOP APPROVAL DOCUMENT CONTROL NO.6±0.95 3.Single/Dual. REV.05 5.005 0.78 0.10 0.03 4.002 0.5250 BSC TOP VIEW A2 A1 A c e b L α SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TITLE: PACKAGE OUTLINE.1 α S D BOTTOM VIEW 0.66 0∞ 6∞ 0. 21-0036 1 1 J _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9 .0256 BSC 0.0207 BSC 0.116 0.014 0.65 BSC 2.41 0.043 0.1 E H 0.120 0.116 0.006 c D e E H L 1 1 0.016 6∞ 0∞ 0.maxim-ic.030 MAX 0.95 ÿ 0.198 0.037 MILLIMETERS MAX MIN 0.05 0.36 0.6±0.010 0.18 2.EPS MAX912/MAX913 4X S 8 8 INCHES DIM A A1 A2 b MIN 0.) 8LUMAXD.

35 0.007 0.20 0.386 MAX BSC 3.337 0.010 0.016 0.80 4.150" SOIC APPROVAL DOCUMENT CONTROL NO.197 0.maxim-ic.EPS INCHES DIM A A1 B C e E H L MAX MIN 0.050 BSC 0.80 6.35 1.344 0. REV.053 0. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators MAX912/MAX913 Package Information (continued) (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications.157 0.80 MAX 5. .10 0.19 0.75 10. 21-0041 B 1 1 10 ______________________________________________________________________________________ .019 0.069 0.050 MILLIMETERS MAX MIN 1.40 1.394 D C A e B A1 0∞-8∞ L FRONT VIEW SIDE VIEW PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TITLE: PACKAGE OUTLINE. Ultra-Fast. For the latest package outline information go to www.004 0.49 0.189 0.00 8.00 N MS012 8 AA 14 AB 16 AC TOP VIEW DIM D D D MIN 0.25 1.27 N E H VARIATIONS: 1 INCHES MILLIMETERS MIN 4.014 0.150 0.244 0.) SOICN .80 8.228 0.55 9.25 0.00 5.010 0.75 0.Single/Dual.

Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. Low-Power Precision TTL Comparators Package Information (continued) (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications.EPS MAX912/MAX913 Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. CA 94086 408-737-7600 ____________________ 11 © 2003 Maxim Integrated Products Printed USA is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.maxim-ic. . Sunnyvale. For the latest package outline information go to www.Single/Dual.) PDIPN. 120 San Gabriel Drive. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim Integrated Products.