RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Rights And Responsibilities

RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Rationale
Everyone, upon entering Canada, is protected under The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. These basic rights apply to permanent residents as much as they do to Canadian citizens. Immigrants may give up their rights by choice or by not knowing them. Knowing their rights puts new immigrants in control of their lives. Knowing the law is everyone’s responsibility. Everyone lives under laws that affect what you may, must and must not do.

Objectives
Participants will be able: • to become aware of the rights of Canadian citizens and permanent residents alike (given in the form of a hand-out); • to become aware that rights come with responsibilities; • to become aware of ways immigrants can access information and services.

1

Rights And Responsibilities

Hand-out

REFERENCE NOTES FOR THE FACILITATOR

Rights and Responsibilities: What is expected of Canadians
. . . . Canadians believe strongly in the rule of law, and in equality; There is one federal criminal code that applies throughout Canada; In Canada, there is a separation of church and state; The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms establishes the basic principles and values by which Canadians live. The Charter is a fundamental part of Canada’s Constitution. It defines and guarantees personal rights in seven key areas:

1. Fundamental freedoms: freedom of conscience and religion; freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression; freedom of peaceful assembly; and freedom of association. 2. Democratic rights (the right to vote at 18 years of age) 3. Mobility rights 4. Legal rights 5. Equality rights 6. Official languages of Canada 7. Minority Language Education rights

None of these fundamental freedoms is absolute. They cannot be used to compromise the rights of other individuals. As an immigrant to Canada, you have the responsibility to understand and uphold the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. This means defending your own rights and protecting the rights of others.

In Canada, all laws are made public. There are no secret laws. If you are accused of committing an offense under the law, it is not a defense to claim that you did not know you were breaking the law.

2

etc. Knowing your rights puts you in control of your life. . Parents who thought they were just spanking their children have found that the law considers this abuse. It is objectionable to most Canadians when any adult strikes a child. your right to Canadian social services implies that you should pay your share of the taxes that finance them. doctors. Protection against physical harm and abuse extends to behaviour within the family in the privacy of their home. . It is important for new immigrants to realize that teachers. Rights bring with them responsibilities to the community as a whole. are legally obliged to report suspected child abuse. If abuse or neglect can be proved. What immigrants should also know: . People should know their rights. . nurses. Some immigrants have difficulty recognizing that what they may think of as corrective disciplining of the members of their families may in Canada be seen as abuse. . In other words: . and that they can face charges if they do not. Rights bring with them obligations. The abuse of wives by their husbands or children by their parents or other members of their families is a crime. must and must not do. . the child or children may be taken from their parents and looked after temporarily in a foster home. children and older people that are not acceptable in Canada. your right to freedom of religion means that you must respect the beliefs of others. 3 . For example. .. For example.Rights And Responsibilities Hand-out (cont’d) REFERENCE NOTES TO THE FACILITATOR (Cont’d) Knowing the law is your responsibility. which is a crime. Everyone lives under laws that affect what you may. Some immigrants bring with them attitudes towards women. and the parents have been punished.

If a woman and/or her children are being abused by the husband while she does her best to care for them.Rights And Responsibilities Hand-out (cont’d) REFERENCE NOTES TO THE FACILITATOR (Cont’d) . Canadian authorities treat any physical assault on a wife in the same way as an assault upon any other person. Spanking a child for so long or so hard as to raise bruises or welts. . shelter. Canada has strongly-worded criminal laws forbidding assault on another person. . then both she and her children can receive legal protection. or the use of anything other than an open hand is a crime in Canada. Psychological abuse. They must always be in the adequate care of an adult. However. clothing. if she knowingly allows her children to be abused – even if she does not take part in the abuse – she may be charged under the law. Citizenship and Immigration Canada. 4 . is a reason for women being granted legal protection from their husbands. though more difficult to define and prove. (taken from A Newcomer’s Introduction to Canada. education. . . The question of abuse is over and above parents’ legal obligation to provide their children with the necessities of life – food. Children 12 years of age and under can never be left alone at home. .

look for a job . Canadian citizens respect democratic decisions.C. deal with any government agency . you have the democratic right and responsibility to work to change it. 1997. must follow the same laws as everyone else. Citizens work to change laws they don’t like through the democratic process. These procedures are created to make sure that people directly affected by their decisions are treated fairly and reasonably. buy or rent a home . Our laws protect you against unfair discrimination when you: . if you are accused of wrongdoing. If we only agreed to follow laws that we liked. rather than refusing to obey the law. laws and policies even when they disagree with them. They include: . administrative tribunals and government decision makers. use public services .Rights And Responsibilities REFERENCE NOTES FOR THE FACILITATOR (This information is for your reference. This is known as «the rule of law». B. Equality is one of the most important values in Canada. Due process is closely connected to the idea of the rule of law. All individuals are equal before the law and must be treated equally by the law. Civil Liberties Association. if you don’t like a particular law or government program. When the government creates laws or programs that you do agree with. our society would always be in chaos. judges and politicians must obey the law as every other citizen. There is also a practical reason why we agree to follow the law. even if they don’t agree with them. It is up to your site coordinator to decide whether this text can be translated and distributed in the form of a hand-out to the participants) Canadians share a basic set of values. (adapted from The Citizenship Handbook – A Guide to Democratic Rights & Responsibilities For New Canadians. Police officers. . All citizens. «The rule of law» has other meanings as well. you want all other citizens to obey these laws. It refers to the procedures that are used by courts. Respect for democratic decision making and «the rule of law». regardless of their status in society. Of course. For example. due process requires that you have the right to know 5 .

Decisions made after co-operation and consultation are more likely to receive support from citizens. rather than decisions made by just a few people. Citizens have to do much more than simply vote in an election every four to five years. They reduce divisions among us but promote unity. Democratic accountability has two meanings: Our elected officials are answerable to us for their actions. Second. We make better decisions when everyone who will be affected participates in the decision making. our representatives always remain accountable to citizens. Co-operation and consultation: We value these methods because they produce the best laws and government programs for our society. our elected representatives must explain and justify their actions when they seek our support to represent us again. We reject violence as a way to resolve our disputes. Canadians believe that co-operation and peaceful methods are the best way to resolve conflicts. Non-violence: Canadians reject violence as a way of dealing with social or political change and conflict. accountability also means that we as citizens have the right to participate in democracy by working to influence the creation of laws and government programs in a meaningful way. Privacy: No one can know which political party we vote for in an election. Privacy means that we control information about ourselves. . . unless we want to tell others. Privacy is a key value in our democratic society because it is important to our freedom from interference by government and by other citizens. unless we want to tell others. Even our employers have no right to know what we do in our private lives away from work. Due process also requires that you have a meaningful opportunity to argue that you are innocent. Unlike officials in some other societies.Rights And Responsibilities REFERENCE NOTES TO THE FACILITATOR (Cont’d) what rule you are accused of breaking and what evidence can be presented against you. During election campaigns. We use debate and discussion instead .even though these methods may take more time to make changes in society or to resolve conflict. It is an important value for our freedom as self-governing citizens. except Revenue Canada for tax purposes. . These methods encourage Canadians to work together. No one can know how much money we have. Democratic accountability: We give our elected representatives the direct power to make laws for our society. . 6 .

Without you and other citizens like you. .You must learn about Canada. the law or our courts to guarantee and protect all our important values and traditions. Who can apply to become a Canadian citizen? • • • You must be 18 years of age or older to apply to become a Canadian citizen.Rights And Responsibilities REFERENCE NOTES TO THE FACILITATOR (Cont’d) As a future citizen. you will be a part of Canada’s unique democracy. It is the responsibility of all citizens to care for these values and to protect them. Canada’s democracy will be stronger if we respect these values and encourage other citizens to do so. you are encouraged to adopt the values discussed here.You must have lived here for at least three years. There are many opportunities for you to do this every day. . and without your full participation in democratic life. .You must know English or French. You must be a Permanent Resident. In democracy. As a future citizen of Canada. citizens should not and cannot rely only on government. 7 . a small number of elected officials and bureaucrats (employees of the government) would govern us. You must be in Canada legaly as a « permanent resident ».

Is it legal to drive a car that is unregistered and uninsured? . sell or use illegal drugs. Is it legal to drive without a Canadian driving license? . an organic medicinal drug used in the Horn of Africa is. Is it legal to drive or ride in a car without wearing a seat belt? . Polygamy: Is it legal to be married to more than one person at a time? . You may however consider the translation of these laws and its distribution to participants in the form of a hand-out) Suggested activity: Like any country. Sexual harassment: Is it legal to make offensive comments or to have a behaviour of a sexual nature in the workplace? 8 .) . Child care: Is it legal to leave children below the age of 12 unattended? . Is it legal for infants/small children to ride in a car without being in a safety seat? .Rights And Responsibilities REFERENCE NOTES FOR THE FACILITATOR (This information is for your reference. Is it legal to drive after drinking alcohol? . Canada has laws that all citizens must respect and obey. Female circumcision: Is it a legal/tolerated practice? . Sex: Is it legal to have sex with minors and sex with adults without their consent? . Bribery: Is it acceptable to bribe police officers or other public officials? . Smoking: Is it legal to smoke in many public places? . What are some of the laws that exist in your own country? Questionnaire: In your country/ In Canada: . illegal in Canada. (Khaht. School: Are children aged 6-16 required by law to attend school? . Motor vehicles: . Is it legal to ride a motorcycle without wearing a crash helmet? . for instance. Drugs: Is it legal to purchase.

communities. to learn to speak one or both official languages . Write down participants’ comments and ideas on a flip chart/ board so everyone can see. groups. Sometimes people contribute more to society than they receive. «How would you describe a good citizen?» . at other times. and regions on the other. or their ability to contribute to the social welfare system. families. Other ways to ask the same question: . mutually beneficial relationship that exists between society on the one hand and individuals. if necessary) Taxes are part of the Canadian social welfare system: The social welfare system is provided by society to help people meet their social needs. to obey laws . It is a reciprocal. Ask participants to try to answer the question: What does good citizenship means to you? . race. . they may receive more than they contribute. «What can people do to make Canada a better country to live in?» .Rights And Responsibilities Suggested activity # 1: brainstorming Develop a definition of Citizenship: . Possible answers from participants will include: . Individuals are responsible for contributing to the health and welfare of society to the extent they are able. 9 . to pay taxes (explain the concept of taxes. gender. ethnicity. «What makes someone a contributing member of society?» . The best interests of all citizens are served without regard to their age.

to learn to speak one or both official languages and to pay taxes as well as: . . For citizens to be effective and able to take part in the management of public affairs. knowledge of the workings of the Canadian political system and awareness of major issues facing the country today. to care for our families . to be a productive member of society . basic literacy . our families. to try our best . to share our skills and knowledge . to set a good example . to respect others . Good citizenship is really about fulfilling our responsibilities to ourselves. others.Rights And Responsibilities Good citizenship means: . . to be a part of Canada . permanent residents and Canadian citizens. The ideals of good citizenship apply to all members of Canadian society. 10 . to help the less fortunate . the community and society. to be loyal to Canada . At the end of this activity. to obey laws. to care for the environment . Good citizenship does not refer only to the rights and freedoms of individuals. . facilitator wants to ensure that participants understand the following points: Good citizenship… . the following skills are needed: . to vote in elections .

. A balance between rights. The three elements of participation. freedoms and responsibilities.Rights And Responsibilities Good citizenship requires: . knowledge and responsibility. . 11 . and a belief that one’s actions are for the benefit of society. Willingness to become an active and responsible member of society.

12 .Rights And Responsibilities Suggested activity # 2: small-group activity In Canada. such as police and government officials. the responsibility to obey the law. citizens have both responsibilities and rights. Question to be discussed in small groups: What are your responsibilities as future citizens of Canada? Facilitator complements participants’ answers with the following points: . . the responsibility to deal responsibly with those people we have given special authority. . the responsibility to recognize each other’s rights as citizens.

Rights And Responsibilities Democracy balances these responsibilities with many basic rights. 13 . Even when our rights are guaranteed by law. Without this commitment. Basic rules about respecting other people must also be a way of life for each of us. the law which «guarantees» our rights would lose its democratic spirit. and must honour the various rights and freedoms which we possess as citizens. Of course. not all our freedoms and rights can be guaranteed by law. all citizens must make a personal commitment to democratic values and actively practice them in their daily lives. The vitality of Canada’s democracy depends on all citizen’s commitment to our shared democratic values. For democracy to succeed. the law alone is not enough to protect them. Our government officials must treat each of us with respect.

Other freedoms and responsibilities. freedoms and responsibilities can be divided into three main areas: Political. freedoms and responsibilities are a set of standards or expectations that members of society have agreed to live by. Participants are required to fill in the corresponding responsibilities which reflect the rights. Therefore. Rights. freedoms and expectations in the different areas of citizenship. and in return they are expected to carry out their responsibilities to society. 14 . Civil. These expectations include both a written and an unwritten code of conduct. . The written codes of conduct are our civil and political rights and obligations. freedoms and responsibilities come with being a member of a society. Individuals enjoy rights and freedoms. primarily social in nature.Rights And Responsibilities Suggested activity # 3: Rights. rights. Social Facilitator distributes a worksheet to each group. are governed by an unwritten or social code of conduct.

Rights And Responsibilities Hand-out POLITICAL RESPONSIBILITIES RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS Right to vote Right to voice opinions Right to seek political office CIVIL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS Right to be judged by the court Right to be treated equally Right to personal privacy Right to personal security RESPONSIBILITIES SOCIAL FREEDOMS AND EXPECTATIONS To be treated with dignity and respect To expect a clean and healthy environment To have adequate food. clothing and shelter RESPONSIBILITIES 15 .

Rights And Responsibilities

Hand-out

POLITICAL
RESPONSIBILITIES
To vote in elections To respect the opinion of others To take an active interest in the affairs of the country

RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
Right to vote Right to voice opinions Right to seek political office

CIVIL
RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
Right to be judged by the court Right to be treated equally Right to personal privacy Right to personal security

RESPONSIBILITIES
Know, respect and follow the laws of Canada Treat others equally Respect the privacy of others To obey Canada’s laws

SOCIAL
FREEDOMS AND EXPECTATIONS
To be treated with dignity and respect To expect a clean and healthy environment To have adequate food, clothing and shelter Support and advocate for social justice

RESPONSIBILITIES
Treat others with dignity and respect

Actively care for the environment

16

Rights And Responsibilities

Suggested activity # 4:

small-group activity

Canadian society is based on a set of important values and traditions. How do you define the values and traditions in your country of origin?

What is important?
What a person considers important is often influenced by personal values and by the values of one’s own community. Yet people in other countries may consider different things important. Looking at what you consider important and why will help you compare your values to those held by other people.

What are the most important things in your life? Make a list on the chart, ordering them from most to least important.

17

Rights And Responsibilities Hand-out

What’s important to you?
Most important ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ Least important

Why? What influenced your choices?

18

peace. the Canadian health care system reflects the principle of universal medical care based on need rather than on the ability to pay. Or perhaps the government in your country prevented you and your fellow citizens from practicing these values. You may even think they are wrong. You may be familiar with many of these values and traditions. 19 . . Respect for cultural differences and the principles of equality. . you may find some of our laws and government programs strange. Canadian values are also manifested in the country’s collective national institutions: .Rights And Responsibilities Suggested activity # 5: In Canada.) Add the following: What is important for Canadians? . As a future Canadian. Others may be new to you. standard of living. etc. Participants discuss what might be important for Canadians: (What is important for Canadians will be similar to what is important for the participants: families. the Canadian legal system recognizes the right of everyone to be treated fairly and equally before the law. . liberty and freedom of expression. health care. education. Our laws and government programs reflect our traditions and values as a society.

worry about participating in the democratic process? All answers are recorded on the flip chart or board and addressed. especially men. Some new Canadians. will need to adjust to this value and learn to respect women as equals. In many societies women are considered inferior to men. as a new citizen.Rights And Responsibilities But as a future citizen. Each group defines the roles of certain groups of people and organizations in Canada. Suggested activity # 6: small-group activity Facilitator divides the group into smaller groups. 20 . Canadian society considers women as equal partners in the family. You also have a responsibility to adjust to Canadian values and our way of life. Group 1: What is the role of women in Canada? Group 2: What is the role of the media in Canada? Group 3: Should you. particularly in terms of family responsibilities. Citizens have a responsibility to respect Canadian values. and in public life. you have a responsibility to understand the values that are reflected in our laws or programs. This change has happened quite recently. Answer to group 1: What is the role of women in Canada? Canadian society considers women as equal to men. Canadians are now working hard to make this value of gender equality a reality in all aspects of our society. in the business world.

Our nation has been built by new Canadians just like you. there are many groups willing to help you. radio and television – monitor the actions of our governments very closely. Canada recognizes that new Canadians sometimes need help in adjusting to their new home. There are four reasons not to worry: 1. Politicians are becoming more responsive to the needs of cultural communities. Since the media also give close attention to the concerns of citizens. The vote of a new Canadian is just as important as the vote of a native-born Canadian. you might think that it is not wise for you to become involved in political matters. If someone threatens to do this. magazines. Answer to group 3: Should you. However. Accountability means that citizens have the right to review government actions. Freedom of expression is one of the most important values in our society. Because you are new to Canada. 2. Almost all citizens or their ancestors at one time were new Canadians. and frequently criticize public officials. even if they disagree with them. each person has an equal vote in deciding who forms a government. they can play a powerful role in social change. Politicians recognize that in a democracy. Canadians respect other citizens’ rights to speak out and raise concerns. Their role is to promote government accountability. programs and policies. All levels of government and many private organizations offer 21 . worry about participating in the democratic process? As a new Canadian. They comment on government actions. 3.Rights And Responsibilities Answer to group 2: What is the role of the media in Canada? In some countries. 4. No one can take away your or your family’s citizenship just because you are critical of a government or its programs. public officials are rarely criticized by citizens or the media. as a new citizen. as well as the right to demand changes. it is normal to have these feelings. You should take pride in that heritage. Journalists can risk imprisonment and even torture for criticizing their government. Canadian media – our newspapers. New Canadians make many important contributions to Canadian society.

scenarios . the facilitator will provide them with the information when they rejoin the larger group. Facilitator requires participants to collect particular information from the video presentation. If you ever feel discouraged from stating your concerns or needs about a government program or law. 22 . Facilitator distributes the hand-out «Our family» to each participant. . Suggested activity # 8: small-group activity . If they don’t know the answers. you can turn to government and private agencies for help and support. the family and the law . . Suggested activity # 7: video presentation Canada Day To Day video – Segment # 5: The government. Facilitator gives a list of questions relating to the video presentation to participants. . such as translation services. Facilitator chooses 2 scenarios for each group (9 scenarios are provided for the facilitator to choose from) . Each group chooses a volunteer to write down the answers and report back to the larger group. Responses are discussed at the end of the presentation. Facilitator reads the text to the class.Rights And Responsibilities assistance. . Facilitator tells participants that they should try to answer the questions on the basis of their own knowledge and experience. It is not a test.

but now she works in a convenience store on weekends and looks after her five-year-old daughter and four-monthold baby during the day. 23 . Mr. __________ was a teacher in his country of origin but now he drives a taxi during the day and studies English two nights a week. Mrs. They are still learning about life in Canada and the following are some of their day-to-day experiences living in Canada.__________ was an accountant in her country of origin.Rights And Responsibilities Our Family The __________family has been in Canada for over four years now. They live in a small townhouse and are saving to buy a bigger home.

Yesterday. Issue: respect and dignity of the person 1. The family said they are free to take whichever taxi they want because they are paying for it. looked around and then got into his taxi instead of the first taxi in line. A family came out of the hotel. How would the driver of the first taxi feel? 24 .__________ has been driving a taxi for almost seven months. age. gender. religious discrimination? 5. What are some unacceptable reasons? Racial. What are some social conventions about line-ups in society? In stores? Banks? Buses? 2. He told the family that he could not take them because they have to take the first taxi in line. What responsibilities do clerks or stores have to respect this informal arrangement? 3. What are some acceptable reasons for the family to choose the second taxi instead of the first? Are there any acceptable reasons? Preference? Language barrier? 4.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 1: Taxi Line-up Mr. he was the second taxi in line waiting for a fare at a taxi stand outside a downtown hotel.

Rights And Responsibilities 25 .

Jimmy’s Store & Information on employment standards (consult with provincial offices as employment standards differ from province to province). & Other CPI guides with information related to employment rights and issues: Employment Issues. 26 .Rights And Responsibilities 4.4 Notes on the Scenarios Scenario 1 .1. An introduction to the Canadian Justice System.Taxi Line-up & Social Convention about line-ups in Canadian Society.)? Scenario 2 . giving your name on a first-come first-served basis. & How an individual might feel when not acknowledged and respected. etc. & Whose responsibility is it to ensure that this convention is well understood by both the service provider and the service user? & What have some service providers done to ensure that lining-up is encouraged (taking a number. Human Rights.

she found out that she was the only one who was laid off.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 2: Jimmy’s Store Mrs. George and Mike. What responsibilities does society have to protect its workers? 27 . __________ could only work certain hours? 4. They said they were sorry that she lost her job but that her husband is working and her young children probably need her at home. This morning her boss told her that he would have to let her go because the store is not busy enough. She was given two weeks notice. employment issues. When she checked with her co-workers Abdul. What if Mrs. Would it be fair to lay off Mrs. What responsibilities do employers have before laying off a worker? 6. gender issues 1.__________ was the last person hired? First person hired? 5.___________ has been working at Jimmy’s Convenience store on weekends for almost a year.__________ because others feel that he has young children and her husband is working? 3. Could Mrs.__________`s boss dismiss her for the given reason? 2. Issues: respect and dignity of the person. Would it make any difference if Mrs.

Rights And Responsibilities 28 .

An introduction to the Canadian Justice System.)? Scenario 2 . etc. Human Rights. & Whose responsibility is it to ensure that this convention is well understood by both the service provider and the service user? & What have some service providers done to ensure that lining-up is encouraged (taking a number.1. 29 . & Other CPI guides with information related to employment rights and issues: Employment Issues. giving your name on a first-come first-served basis.4 Notes on the Scenarios Scenario 1 .Jimmy’s Store & Information on employment standards (consult with provincial offices employment standards differ from province to province).Taxi Line-up & Social Convention about line-ups in Canadian Society.Rights And Responsibilities 4. & How an individual might feel when not acknowledged and respected.

he was talking on the phone. with a counselor at the employment office. attend a program to improve her language skills and get some office-type experience. 30 . She wanted to know if she could apply for unemployment insurance benefits. The counselor did not look busy. Finally.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 3: Employment Office Mr. Mrs. then went to talk to his co-workers. She could see the counselor from where she was waiting.__________ had an appointment this morning at 8:30 a. writing something on a pile of paper. She had made arrangements with a friend to look after her children and she arrived on time.m.__________ was so angry and frustrated that she just left without meeting with the counselor. She waited for over an hour and still the counselor had not called her in.

Rights And Responsibilities 31 .

__________ waiting? What responsibilities do clients and service providers have if they are going to be late? What could Mrs. 32 .__________ was not asking for services from a government office? 2. __________ have done besides leaving? Would it have made a difference if Mrs.Rights And Responsibilities Issue: equal opportunity and access to services. respect and dignity of the person 1. 3. Could the counselor have a good reason for keeping Mrs.

Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 3 . How can individuals help solve this problem? Scenario 4 Vaccinations & Residents generally will contact their local public health services for infant. 14 to 15 years. Many people still feel that they have not been treated fairly or equally. The recommended schedule for vaccinations does not change very much across Canada. & & 33 . Family physicians may also have information on vaccinations. The type of vaccines used and how it is administered may vary from province to province. 2 months. pre-school and adult vaccinations. adults (every 10 years). What happens when individuals feel that they are not important or are not treated with dignity and respect? The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees basic human rights and freedoms to all members of society but many incidents of every day living cannot be protected under the Canadian Charter.Employment office & & Examine the social convention of being late for appointments or keeping someone waiting or a service. 4 to 6 years.

A friend was visiting yesterday and told Mrs. Then she told Mrs.____________ that her baby should have already had some of his vaccinations to protect him from dangerous childhood diseases. they told her that the earliest appointment was over a month away and that the clinic was only open three days a week.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 4: Vaccinations It has been four months now since the family welcomed their new baby home. __________to repeat her questions about the shots because she could not understand her.__________ to hold the line while she answered another call. Mrs. She has not taken him yet to get his shots because he seems so healthy and happy. When she phoned the clinic last week. 34 . Maybe the shots will make him sick or do something bad to him. The receptionist kept asking Mrs. It also seems like a lot of bother to take him to the public health clinic in the middle of winter. __________ was not able to find out much about vaccinations from the phone call.

35 . 2. where does the money come from to pay for these services? 3.Rights And Responsibilities Issue: equal opportunity and equal access to services. What are the responsibilities of a parent for their children’s health care? What are the responsibilities of the public health workers to ensure that clients receive information and services? What responsibilities does society have to protect its members? Why are social services provided to members of society? When social services are provided to members of society free of charge. parental responsibilities 1. 5. 4.

Rights And Responsibilities 36 .

Sometimes she comes home complaining about being bothered by other kids. They are worried because they did not have these meetings in their country of origin unless a student was in real trouble. __________’s five-year-old daughter is attending kindergarten this year. how could they talk with the teacher? What would they say? 37 . she brought home a notice about a parent/teacher interview. their English is so limited. she tells them that she plays with other children.__________ will have her baby with her. They feel that schools in Canada are very different from what they are used to. She brings home a lot of notices but it is hard to understand what they are about because some words are not even in the dictionary. They are very proud of her but they are also very worried about her because she might be learning things that they do not approve of. Yesterday. They do not know what to do because Mr.__________ will be working and Mrs. When they ask her about school.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 5 School Interview Mr. Besides. and Mrs.

Rights And Responsibilities Issue: equal opportunity and equal access to services. parental responsibilities 1. 38 . 3. What are the responsibilities of a parent for their child’s education? Progress? Problems in school? Behavior? Attitude? Volunteering in the schools? What are the teacher’s responsibilities to keep parents informed of their child’s progress? Between report cards? Parent/teacher interview? What freedoms do parents have? What should parent’s reasonable expectations be? What about children’s? School system? Teachers? 2.

Rights And Responsibilities 39 .

School Interview & & & Parent-teacher interviews are held regularly for all children to discuss the child’s progress.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 5 . Some schools have an informal “buddy” system while other school boards may have a more formal multilingual translation and interpretation service. Contact your local school board office for information regarding translation and interpretation services in your school district. 40 .

He realized that the lone driver was bleeding very badly.. Then he. Mr. 4.__________ has no first aid training and was not sure what to do next. 41 . He called the taxi dispatcher to give his location and to ask them to phone the police and an ambulance. 3. He stopped his taxi to see if anyone needed help.__________ was driving to pick up a customer when the car in front of his taxi was hit by a truck making a turn.. Do members of society have a responsibility to help others in emergencies? Floods? Fires? Crimes? Should members of society expect others to help? What reasons might prevent someone from helping? Would you like others to help you in emergencies? Why and why not? What responsibility does society have in case of emergencies? Natural disasters? 2. Issue: responsibility to contribute to the common good of all members of society 1. 5.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 6: The Emergency Mr.

Rights And Responsibilities 42 .

how many people need help • Check again to see if there’s anything else you can do explain to the police or medical people what you know. what happened. etc. don’t try things you don’t know • Help stop bleeding. 43 . ambulance and let them know where you are. no one has to help. and write down what happened. get help • Ask injured person if it’s OK to help them. and sign your name.The Emergency Contact one of the St. What to do at the scene of an accident: This is voluntary. poisonous gases. what you have done. • Check for dangers • Make sure you are safe from fire. the date. John’s Ambulance provincial or local offices for additional information on emergency procedures. help only if it’s OK with them • If injured person is unconscious.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 6 . consent for help is not needed as long as help intended to save a life or preserve health • If injured person asks that you stop helping: then do so promptly • Do only what you know how to. • Control traffic. smoke. breathing emergencies • Call police.

Issue: 1.__________ are not sure of the local laws covering noise. 4. They live in a townhouse so noise is sometimes a problem. and Mrs. and Mrs. and Mrs. Mr. late at night? Does it matter how often this happens? Are disagreements over noise regulated by city bylaws.__________ are disturbed by the loud music their neighbors play in the daytime and evenings. Mr.__________’s neighbors seem nice enough and they get along most of the time. social convention. during the evening. Their neighbors have complained about the children’s crying at night. 3. 44 . what can be done about these conflicts? 2.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 7: Neighbors Mr. responsibility to respect the freedoms of others What freedoms do individuals have to enjoy peace and quiet in their home? What are people’s freedoms to enjoy loud music during the day. or both? What reasons might prevent someone from helping? When the freedom of individuals to enjoy loud music interferes with other’s freedom to enjoy peace and quiet. living in a healthy environment.

Rights And Responsibilities 45 .

To find out about specific city bylaws. & & Scenario 8 . & Scenario 9 . freedoms and responsibilities as a property owner. Some cities have a restriction on cutting down mature trees. contact your municipal offices land use or planning department.The Tree & To find out about city bylaws and your rights. In most towns and cities. contact your municipal office or the police station in your community.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 7 .Garbage & Contact your municipal office to find out about hazardous waste depots and programs in your community. city noise bylaws regulate the freedom of individuals. 46 . even if the tree is on your property.Neighbors & Individuals have all the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms only to the extent that these rights and freedoms do not interfere with the rights and freedoms of others.

and Mrs. Their neighbors said they liked the tree and would hate to see the tree removed. and Mrs. 3. But in this home.__________ felt that since the tree was in their yard. When the freedom of property owners to control their property interferes with the freedom of neighbors to enjoy their property.__________ always wanted a garden. they could do whatever they wanted. social conventions or both? What are the responsibilities of the homeowners to maintain the character of the neighborhood? Does the city have any responsibility to make sure trees are protected? 2. What freedoms do individuals have to manage their own property? What freedom do others have to preserve a community’s character? Are disagreements over personal freedoms regulated by city bylaws. So. they decided to have the large tree removed and told their neighbors of the plans. 4. Issue: The freedom to live in a healthy environment and the responsibility to maintain it 1.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 8: The Tree Mr. a large tree shades the yard. Mr. what can be done about these conflicts? 47 .

Rights And Responsibilities 48 .

& & Scenario 8 . In most towns and cities. 49 . even if the tree is in your property. Somme cities have a restriction on cutting down mature trees. To find out about specific city bylaws.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 7 . & Scenario 9 .Neighbors & Individuals have all the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms only to the extent that these rights and freedoms do not interfere with the rights and freedoms of others. contact your municipal offices land use or planning department.Garbage • Contact your municipal office to find out about hazardous waste depots and programs in your community.The Tree & To find out about city bylaws and your rights. contact your municipal office or the police station in your community. city noise bylaws regulate the freedom of individuals. freedoms and responsibilities as a property owner.

50 . They mentioned this to their neighbors who then told them about the annual hazardous waste collection and paint exchange program at a nearby fire hall. They packed it all into a cardboard box and left the box out along with their bags of household garbage. bottles of insecticide and some unused pastes and powders from the baby room renovations. They found pails of leftover paint. A few days later.__________ wanted to clear out their storage area to add an extra bedroom in their home. they noticed that the garbage pick-up took their bags of garbage but left the box of storage room garbage.Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 9 Garbage Mr. and Mrs. rusty old cans of chemical cleaners.

Rights And Responsibilities Issue: The freedom to live in a healthy environment and the responsibility to maintain it 1. What freedoms do individuals have to dispose of unwanted material? What are the responsibilities of individuals to ensure that hazardous waste materials do not poison our soil and ground water? What responsibilities do societies have to make sure hazardous waste disposal sites are available to the general public? 3. What responsibilities does industry have to clearly label and mark hazardous wastes? 5. Are there other products available that are not hazardous chemicals and do not pose a disposal problem for users? 51 . 4. 2.

Rights And Responsibilities 52 .

Neighbors & Individuals have all the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms only to the extent that these rights and freedoms do not interfere with the rights and freedoms of others. freedoms and responsibilities as a property owner. & & Scenario 8 . In most towns and cities. contact your municipal office or the police station in your community.Garbage • Contact your municipal office to find out about hazardous waste depots and programs in your community. & Scenario 9 .The Tree & To find out about city bylaws and your rights. city noise bylaws regulate the freedom of individuals. 53 .Rights And Responsibilities Scenario 7 . To find out about specific city bylaws. contact your municipal offices land use or planning department. Somme cities have a restriction on cutting down mature trees. even if the tree is in your property.

customs. 54 . freedoms and responsibilities.Rights And Responsibilities Social Expectations. Freedoms and Responsibilities Social expectations. % • respecting differences of opinion and freedom of expression • making sure that individual freedoms do not interfere with the freedoms of others. freedoms and responsibilities affect all of us both in our individual actions and as members of society. It means: % Acknowledging the individual. Being treated with dignity and respect. religions. and the responsibility to treat others with dignity and respect is one of the most important areas of social expectations. a clean and healthy environment. and looking after. freedoms and responsibilities are: % % Being treated. with dignity and respect. Living in. Respecting diversity of cultures. Two examples of social expectations. etc. and treating others.. recognizing the accomplishments of the individual and not having certain expectations based on stereotypes.

55 . • taking initiative in promoting and learning about care of the environment. • • • • • • • • • air and water quality standards public health garbage collection local parks household pet control appropriate land use guidelines snow removal parking noise control. Some of the responsibilities of individuals to ensure a clean and healthy environment: • disposing of dangerous chemicals in a responsible manner. • participating in community recycling programs.Rights And Responsibilities The freedom to live in a clean and healthy environment implies the responsibility to look after the environment so that others can enjoy it as well. • volunteering for community “clean up” programs. • car-pooling when possible.

.Rights And Responsibilities Suggested activity # 9 small-group activity Rights of permanent residents: . . . Facilitator explains that different levels of the Canadian government provide services that newcomers can access on arrival. Driver and Vehicle Licensing. Participants look for specific services such as «Human Resources Development Canada» for information on: Immigrant Services Employment. The number is: 1-888-242-2100. Participants look into the BLUE PAGES for the following services: Immigrant services: . Check «Immigration» under «Index-Government Listings». Health Insurance (Medicare) Private medical insurance in the BLUE PAGES handed out to each group. Facilitator explains that the BLUE PAGES of the telephone book will help them access the services provided by the different levels of government and that they are presented in the BLUE PAGES in the same order. Legal aid . Facilitator distributes the Blue pages – It’s easy to contact your government (from the telephone book) to each group. . . Language classes Immunization. Facilitator explains and writes on the flip chart or board the three levels of government: federal. . Automobile insurance. It refers you to the «Citizenship and Immigration Canada». 56 . . Can be found under «federal» and «provincial» government pages. . provincial and municipal. Call «Centre Main Number» for information.

Adult Health Programs .e. Social Insurance card) «Job Order Desk» «Income Security Programs» Language classes: . Check under «Immunization» and dial the regional number or. Check «Employment» under the «Index-Government Listings». Multicultural Health Coordinator . . This section number (CAN 79) refers to «Human Resources Development Canada» . The number is: 1-800-387-5514 Immunization/ Other medical services: . AIDS/ Sexual Health Information Line . Check under the «provincial» government pages. Driver and Vehicle Licensing: . It refers you to the «municipal» government pages. School Immunization .. Check under the «provincial» government pages. . . Parent-Baby Information Line . . . Check under «Health Department». Check under «Driver and Vehicle Licensing» The number is: 613-731-3731 (for Ottawa residents) 57 . You fill find «Employment and Insurance» and a section number to refer to. .» Call «General Information» for assistance. . There are different numbers for different services such as: . Look for «Immunization» in the «Index-Government Listings». There are different numbers for different inquiries: «General Employment Inquiries» (i. . Check under «Ministry of Transportation». Prenatal Classes . .Rights And Responsibilities Employment: . Can be found under «Education…. . . . etc. . Check under the name of the Ministry of Education & Training. . Can be found under «federal» government pages.

Check under «Health Insurance cards» – ONT 613. . drivers’ license (with your photo) as well as your automobile insurance. . Automobile insurance must be obtained privately. dial 1-800-268-1153 or go in person to the «Customer Service» address mentioned in the Blue Pages. . this information can be found in pages 126-127. For «General Inquiries». Look for «Health» in the «Index – Government Listings». Look for «Assurances» in the «Alphabetical Index». You will find «Assurance-maladie – voir Régie de l’assurancemaladie du Québec» . . There you can get your license plates. . «Insurance consultants». . For information. Provincial Medicare Plan: . «InsuranceGeneral» (which offers a wide range of insurance services). For information. Look under the listing «ONT 613» and locate «Health Insurance (OHIP). For Quebec residents: . check the address. For Ontario residents: . Check «Insurance» in the «Alphabetical Index» (pink-trimmed pages) in the Yellow pages. . .. . For Quebec residents: . . Check in the «provincial» government pages. Look for «Assurances» in the «Alphabetical Index». If you want to go in person. dial 1-800-561-9749. Check under «Régie de l’assurance-maladie du Québec». For Ontario residents: . etc. . In the Hull-Ottawa Region Yellow pages. Check under «provincial» government pages. 58 . .Rights And Responsibilities Automobile insurance: . . You will find «Assurance automobile – voir Société de l’assurance-automobile du Québec». . Check in the «provincial» government pages. Check under «Société de l’assurance-automobile du Québec». . You can call or go in person. . . There are «Insurance Brokers». . . Application forms to the provincial health care system are also available in pharmacies and medical offices. dial 1-800-361-7620.

. Immigrants (except for «convention refugees») to other provinces must get private medical insurance coverage for their first three months in Canada (or until they receive their provincial Medicare card). . Cannot be found in the «provincial». Legal Aid: . Can be found in the «provincial» and «municipal» government pages. Check in the Yellow pages under «Insurance». . . For Canada visa holders: . «federal» or «municipal» pages. . You can call or go in person. . Check under «Legal Department». Coverage is the same as the medical card.Rights And Responsibilities Private Medical Coverage: . Immigrants have access to free medical coverage from the first day they arrive in the province of Quebec. . . . Although they do not yet have a Quebec medical card. this information can be found on page 127. For Canada/Quebec-bound visa holders: . they can present their visa or IMM 1000 document to the medical officer. The number is: 613-238-7931 (for Ottawa residents) 59 . In the Hull-Ottawa Region Yellow pages. Check under «Insurance-Life & Health». Check under «Insurance-Life & Health».

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful