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The structures of the human heart

The human heart has four chambers: two ventricles, each of which is a muscular chamber that squeezes blood out of the heart and into the blood vessels, and two atria, each of which is a muscular chamber that drains and then squeezes blood into the ventricles. The two atria reside at the top of the heart; the two ventricles are at the bottom. And, the heart is divided into left and right halves, so there is a left atrium and left ventricle, as well as a right atrium and right ventricle. The reason that the heart is divided into halves is because of the two-circuit circulatory system. The right side of the heart can pump blood to the lungs, while the left side of the heart pumps blood to the rest of the body. Blood goes in both directions on each and every pump.

The cardiac cycle
Every minute of your life, your heart pumps about 70 times. Every minute of your life, your heart pumps the entire amount of blood that is in the body — 5 liters, which is equivalent to 2-1/2 big bottles of soda. The heart never stops working from the time that it starts to beat when humans are nothing but wee little embryos in their mother’s wombs until the moment they die. The 8/10th of a second that a heart beats is called the cardiac cycle. During that 0.8-second period, the heart forces blood into the blood vessels plus it takes a quick nap. Here’s what happens in those 0.8 seconds:

When the atria and ventricles are resting. such as too much sodium or caffeine A mechanical problem in the heart A side effect of medication Blockages in the blood vessels The high pressure in the “pipes” also may lead to damage. This period of contraction in the heart muscle is called systole. which stresses the heart. With most of the blood from the atria now in the ventricles. The atria and ventricles rest. or the pressure at which blood is forced from the ventricles into the arteries when the ventricles contract. The left and right ventricles contract. Physical damage from high blood pressure is part of a hypothesis of how fibrous plaques are formed in coronary arteries. and it is not relaxing as well between pumps (90 versus 80). Therefore. the atria contract to squeeze any remaining blood down into the ventricles. the relaxed atria allow the blood within them to drain into the ventricles beneath them. This period of relaxation in the heart muscle is called diastole. In a blood pressure reading. the pressure in the blood vessels when the muscle fibers are relaxed. that means your heart is working harder to pump blood through your body (140 versus 120).   The left and right atria contract. or squeezing. it is probably because you have heard the terms systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Then. 80 is the diastolic blood pressure. A blood pressure reading of 140/90 mm Hg indicates that something is causing your heart to have to work at a much higher level all the time to keep blood flowing through your body. such as the normal value of 120/80 mm Hg. If your blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg. the muscle fibers within them are not contracting. . the ventricles immediately contract to force blood into the blood vessels. which is the borderline value between normal and high. Blood pressure If the terms systole and diastole sound familiar. The “mm Hg” stands for millimeters of mercury (Hg is the chemical symbol for mercury). 120 is the systolic blood pressure. The “something” that may be the culprit could be any of the following:      A hormonal imbalance A dietary problem.