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Sources of Chemical Information

This section discusses chemical labels, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs), and other sources of chemical information.

5.1 Labels and Labeling
All containers of chemicals must be properly labeled. These include chemicals stored in their original containers, chemicals transferred to another container for storage, and chemical solutions prepared in the lab for non-immediate use.
5.1.1 Purchased Chemicals

Purchased chemicals must be labeled with: 1. The chemical or trade name; 2. Specific hazards posed by the chemical; 3. The name and address of the manufacturer or other responsible party; and 4. Manufacturer’s emergency telephone number.
5.1.2 Chemical Solutions Prepared in the Lab

Chemical solutions and mixtures prepared in the lab not for immediate use must be labeled with the following information: 1. Hazardous components and concentration of each; 2. Physical and health hazards; 3. Protective measures (e.g., use gloves, use in chemical fume hood); 4. Name of person who mixed it; and 5. Date of preparation. Blank labels are available from EH&S. The person preparing the solution is responsible for assuring that the container is labeled properly.
5.1.3 Unlabeled or Illegibly Labeled Containers

If an unlabeled or illegibly labeled container is found and the contents are known, immediately relabel the container. See Section 13, Chemical Index, the chemical’s MSDS, or other source for the hazard classes, health hazards and protective measures. If the contents are not known, contact EH&S for disposal.

Warning signs along the course of the pipe may also be warranted. Emergency and first aid procedures for spills and exposures.5 Second Language Requirement All labels must be legible and in English. and 7. Primary routes of entry into the body.1 How to Get an MSDS MSDSs can be obtained directly from the product manufacturer (website or by calling). a pipe carrying analytical gas from a compressed gas cylinder to another area should be labeled in several places along its length. 6. For example. Handling precautions. Information on an MSDS must include the following: 1. 5. As mandated by the Right-to-Know Law. They can also be ordered from EH&S in person or by telephone.1. e-mail. They can also be retrieved using the MSDS link on the EH&S website. Exposure limits. the Hutchinson Center is required to make MSDSs available to staff members at all times. Physical and chemical properties of product. manufacturers of chemical products are responsible for publishing and maintaining an MSDS for each of their products and for making the MSDS available to their customers. 5. If a person working in an area where hazardous chemicals are present does not read English.2 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) An MSDS is a document for the user of a chemical that identifies the hazardous components of the product.2. safety precautions to employ when using the product. the supervisor in the area must add warning labels or signs in the language of the staff member. 5. Include the chemical or product name exactly as it appears on the label. and the manufacturer’s name and address. or written request. Trade name. As an employer. fax.4 Pipes Carrying Hazardous Chemicals Pipes or tubing carrying a hazardous chemical from a source that is not readily visible must be labeled.2. 3. Carcinogenicity status and health effects.1. hazardous chemical component(s) and synonyms. and emergency procedures for exposures. the specific dangers. 2. the catalog or product number. 4. 5.5.2 Missing Ingredient Listing on MSDSs . 5. EH&S and the Hutchinson Center Library have a broad selection of references that all employees are welcome to use. industrial hygiene for laboratories. Chemical manufacturers are not required to list these ingredients. is not more than 0. storage. 3. emergency responses. which includes updated. and Other EH&S Reference Materials Section 12: Chemical Hazard Classes and Special Instructions. handling procedures.1 percent of the product. see Section 14. at the end of this chapter. the manufacturer must immediately disclose the ingredient's identity and health effects to the attending physician. includes information on hazards. if carcinogenic. or. EH&S can request disclosure of proprietary information to ensure the protection of a staff member. The Hutchinson Center Library. EH&S keeps a variety of references on toxicology. and chemistry for use by employees. 2.0 percent of the product. The chemical or ingredient in the product has not been statistically or scientifically proven to be either a health or physical hazard.The hazardous ingredient section on an MSDS may be absent or blank for one of three reasons: 1. it will be stated. detailed information on common laboratory chemicals. . References. The ingredient section may also be left blank or partially blank in order to protect trade secrets. You’ll find the EH&S’s chemical safety summaries at: centernet.3 Sources of Chemical Information: The EH&S Website. If this is the case.fhcrc. A 24-hour emergency number where this information is available must be listed on the MSDS. For a list of these references. and special instructions on dealing with various types of chemicals. The hazardous component is not more than 1. In the event of a medical emergency involving an unidentified ingredient. For information and safety instructions regarding specific chemicals used at the Center. disposal. chec k EH&S’s website.