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Questions and Tasks 1. Identify the specific design in each of the following research situations.

A: Scenario 2: One Group Pre-Test Post-Test Design B: Scenario 5: The Time Series Design C: Scenario 3: The Intact Groups Design D: Scenario 1: One-Shot Case Study 2. What is/ are the research questions for each of the situations described above? Can you state the hypothesis (or hypotheses) for each situation? Item(s) A Research Question (s) - Does an advanced composition course improve a writing skill for international college students? - Are the two sets of essays written by international college students significantly different after taking an advanced B Hypothesis (es) - An advanced composition course effects an improvement of a writing skill for international college students? - The two sets of essays written by international college students are significantly different after taking an

composition course? advanced composition course. - Would exposing the students to the cultural - Having the students expose to the cultural setting of the target language enhance the language learning? - Do students improve their language learning through the cultural setting of the target language? - Would the use of new vocabulary words in a hands-on experience help students remember better? setting of the target language can enhance their language learning.

C

- The use of new vocabulary words in a hands-on experience helps students remember better. - Students’ final scores increase after engaging with a new text book. - Students using a new text book can perform well after the course. The teaching method stressed speaking skills helps increase students’ scores on their standardized tests of grammatical accuracy. - Oral proficiency relevantly affects grammar accuracy of students.

D

- Does a new text book increase the students’ final scores? - Would students engaged with a new text book perform well? - Does teaching method stressed speaking skills help increase students’ scores on their standardized tests of grammatical accuracy? - Is there any relevant relationship between oral proficiency and grammar accuracy of

E

Students from English speaking countries scores on listening comprehension tests? .Is there any big difference among students’ .on listening comprehension test are significantly varied? G G .Students’ scores from four regions.F students? . . Europe and Africa.on listening comprehension test varied? gain more scores than those from nonEnglish speaking ones. Europe and Africa. Latin America.Are students’ scores from four regionsAsia.Asia. Latin America.