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Mitchelle Dominia June 25,2009

III-Researchers

Activity # 1

I. Objectives:
To find examples of Mechanical and Electromagnetic waves.
To differentiate Mechanical and Electromagnetic waves.
II. Reference:
Internet
III. Application:
A. Mechanical Waves
1. Ocean Waves When the wind blows across the water, it changes the water's
surface, first into ripples and then into waves. Once the surface becomes
uneven, the wind has an ever increasing grip on it. Storms can make enormous
waves, particularly if the wind, blows in the same direction for any length of
time. In this chapter, you can learn what waves are and how they behave.
Learn to understand the principles behind all surface waves.

2. Seismic Waves are waves that travel through the Earth or other elastic body, for
example as the result of an earthquake, explosion, or some other process that imparts
forces to the body. Seismic waves are also continually excited on Earth by the
incessant pounding of ocean waves (referred to as the microseism) and the wind.
Seismic waves are studied by seismologists, and measured by a seismograph, which
records the output of a seismometer, or geophone. For seismic studies of oil
reservoirs, hydrophones may give additional information.
3. Sound Waves- Sound is a waveform that travels through matter. Although it is
commonly associated in air, sound will readily travel through many materials such as
water and steel. Some insulating materials absorb much of the sound waves,
preventing the waves from penetrating the material.

B. Electromagnetic Waves
1. Radio Waves- are electromagnetic waves occurring on the radio frequency portion
of the electromagnetic spectrum.

2. X-Rays -is a form of electromagnetic radiation. X-rays have a wavelength in the


range of 10 to 0.01 nanometers, corresponding to frequencies in the range 30
petahertz to 30 exahertz (3 × 1016 Hz to 3 × 1019 Hz) and energies in the range 120 eV
to 120 keV. They are shorter in wavelength than UV rays. In many languages, X-
radiation is called Röntgen radiation after Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, who is
generally credited as their discoverer, and who had called them X-rays to signify an
unknown type of radiation.[3]:1-2

3. Light - is electromagnetic radiation, particularly radiation of a wavelength that is


visible to the human eye (about 400–700 nm), or perhaps 380–750 nm.[1] In physics,
the term light sometimes refers to electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength,
whether visible or not.

IV. Conclusion:
I learned that Mechanical wave is a disturbance that travels through some material
or substance called the medium of the wave while Electromagnetic wave have
amplitude, wavelength, velocity and frequency. The creation and detection of the wave
depend much on the range of wavelengths.