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Objectives

This condo is surely Nice! Functions Giving reasons why we do something. Describing the place where we live. Use the structures so that, in order to and the infinitive to indicate purpose. Objectives Use compound adjectives and vocabulary for description of places. Review vowel sound.

Reading
Some apartments for rent in the DAILY SQUAWK The following ads appear in the classified section of the DAILY SQUAWK

Vocabulary
The following words are used to refer to and describe places where people live Adjectives Nouns

Spacious

apartment

Restored

condo

Brand-new

town home/house

Luxurious

villa

Ocean-front

residence

Pre-construction

units

High-rise

building

Compound Adjectives
In English, we can form 2-word adjectives by combining different kinds of words with a " - " and by placing these joined words before nouns. The resulting combination functions as a one-word adjective and its meaning draws from the two words it is made up of. For example, a 10-floor building is a building with ten floors and a brand-new apartment is an apartment that has just been constructed and prepared for people to move in. These are some of the possible combinations for creating compound adjectives: 1. Adjective + noun High-rise (adj=high + noun=rise) Low-rise (adj=low + noun=rise)

This is how we use compound adjectives, we just place them before nouns: A high-rise building Note: the combination of these two words makes the compound adjective! The meaning comes from both words: a high rise building is a building that rises high or has many stories (floors)

Here is another example of an adjective-noun compound adjective: Low-rise ceilings (ceilings that rise low or are not too high)

Compound Adjectives
2. Noun + noun Ocean-view Water-front 3. Number + noun 4-bedroom 60-story 4-bedroom apartment 60-story skyscraper Ocean-view house Water-front apartment

4. Adverb + past participle Newlyremodeled Nicelydecorated newly-remodeled condo nicely-decorated apartment

Create compound adjectives with the words in parenthesis, then complete the following sentences:

1. I want to move to a 2. The company is building a 3. This is a 4. We are in that 5. The house has a 6. They want a

apartment in Miami Beach. (water front). building in Las Vegas. (high rise).

building (20 story). office down the hall. (newly remodeled). area. (screened patio) condo in Boston. (brand new) .

Practice 2b
Part a: Unscramble the following phrases. Write the correct combination in the blanks.

Example: a / house / 3 / - / floor 1. story / 7 / - / a / building 2. river / - / mansions / front / many 3. area / the / restored / colonial / - / newly 4. high / - / rise /ceilings 5. townhouse / - / view / lake/ a

a 3-floor house

Jaime and his friend Peter are going to study at the University of Kansas. They are living with Peter's aunt at the moment. They are looking for an apartment not far from the university. After reading the above advertisements from the DAILY SQUAWK at the beginning of this Unit and listening to the dialogue decide which one Jaime and Peter select. JAIME: We need to buy a map of this town. PETER: What for? JAIME: Well, so that we can get around and know where things are. PETER: Yes, and to find somewhere to live, too. JAIME: There are some apartments here in the "Daily Squawk" that are interesting. PETER: How much is the rent? JAIME: There's a two-bedroom at $400 and one at $450 and a three bedroom at $500. PETER: Well let's forget about the $500 one. That's too expensive. JAIME: Well, There's a modern one at $450 and another one at $400. PETER: How about parking? JAIME: Well the $450 one has limited parking. That means sometimes there is no parking space. PETER: Oh, that's not so good. JAIME: If we take the $400 we have to park in the street. PETER: Hmmm. That's worse! JAIME: The three bedroom one has parking in the building. PETER: Well that's $50 more but sounds better. JAIME: I'm going to call Roberto Narvaez. PETER: Why? JAIME: In order to ask if he wants to share an apartment with us. PETER: Oh, you're going to see if he wants to share the rent between the three

of us? JAIME: Right. PETER: You're a genius, Jaime. Let me talk to aunt Jean so that she will know our plans. JAIME: Good idea. She's been so nice to us.

Reading

Which apartment are Peter and Jaime interested in?

ractice 3
Answer the following questions. Select True or False. The first one is done for you.

1. Jaime and Peter are new to the town. 2. Aunt Jean is a relative of Jaime. 3. They need a map so that they can explore the town. 4. Jaime and Peter are quite rich people. 5. Roberto Narvaez lives with Peter and Jaime at Aunt Jean's. 6. Jaime and Peter have cars. 7. They want Roberto Narvaez to rent the apartment for himself.

8. Their stay at Aunt Jean's house is not permanent.

Grammar
To express purpose, we can use any of the following structures: 1. An infinitive I am learning English to get a better job. 2. The expression "in order to" + simple form

I am learning English in order to get a better job. 3. The structure: so that + a complete sentence I am learning English so that I can get a better job.

The above structures are used to explain the reason (purpose) why we do something. They usually follow question words, such as: why? , what for? and for what reason?. Look at the following extracts from the

previous dialogue: Extract 1: - We need to buy a map of this town. - What for? - Well, so that we can get around and know where things are. - Yes, and to find somewhere to live, too.

Extract 2: - Why? - In order to ask if he wants to share an apartment with us. - Oh, you're going to see if he wants to share the rent between the three of us? - Right. - You're a genius, Jaime. Let me talk to aunt Jean so that she will know our plans.

ractice 4

Practice 5
Complete the blanks using: a) an infinitive form, or b) the expression "in order to" + simple form, or c) the structure "so that". Read the sentences CAREFULLY before answering.

1. Why do you work as a realtor? I work as a realtor (have) my own schedule. 2. Why are they moving out after so many years? They are moving out after so many years their children attend a better school. 3. What are we changing neighborhoods for? We are changing neighborhoods (meet) new people. 4. What did you rent that expensive apartment for? I rented this apartment (find) a rich and famous boyfriend. 5. For what reason did he buy this condo?

He bought this condo

he would have enough room for his furniture.

6. Why did they come to this neighborhood? In order (enjoy) the lake-side views.

Practice 6
Review of vowel sounds. Your instructor will read the following list of words. Listen carefully and indicate by number ( 1 - 4) the sound you hear whichDOES NOT correspond to the phoneme above the first number.

1. [ 2. [ ]

1. brown 2. cow 3. now 4. show 1. should 2. would 3. though 4. could 1. been 2. green 3. meat 4. me 1. flip 2. mite 3. trip 5. chip 1. blood 2. moon 3. soon 4.

3. [ ] 4. [ I ] 5. [ u ]

bloom 6. [ ^ ] 7. [ ] 8. [ ] 1. come 2. some 3. home 4. fun 1. man 2. flat 3. clap 4. any 1. Pete 2. get 3. shed 4. Fred

Practice 7
Review of Phonetic Transcription Study the following words in phonetic transcription. Your instructor will pronounce one of the words in each horizontal row. Indicate the number corresponding to the word you hear.

1. a. [ 2. a. [ mp] 3. a. [ p I t t ] 4. a. [

: p] b. [ ^ m p ] b. [ ] b. [ p

e I p] c. [ ^ m p ] c. [ t

I p] ^

] c. [ p a e

I n k ] b. [ s t I n k ] c. [ p I n k ]

5. a. [ w I 6. a. [ k e ] t

] b. [ w I t ] b. [ k

] c. [w I d s t ] c. [ k a

7. a. [ t a I m ] b. [ t 8. a. [ r a I m ] b. [ r

n ] c. [ t e I m ] m]c[rum]

UNIDAD 2

Index
Objectives Reading

My sister is getting married.... Guess who's coming.? Practice 1

Grammar

Grammar Review: Forming the Present Progressive

Sentence Structure Practice 2 Grammar

Present Progressive with Future Meaning

Sentence Structure Practice 3 Vocabulary

Vocabulary Interlude: Time Markers for Future Meaning

Sentence Structure Practice 4 Pronunciation

Speaking Phonetics Practice 5 Guided Writing using relative clauses Index

Writing Help

My sister is getting married....


Functions Objectives

Guess who's coming.?

Oh, Gina, I'm so excited. Guess PAULA: who's coming to play at the stadium next month? GINA: Juanes.

No, I said play not sing. It's "Steel PAULA: Damsel" my favorite hard rock group. GINA: PAULA: Oh, when are they coming? On the 21st of September, my birthday, isn't that awesome?

GINA:

Well, if you like their kind of music, maybe.

I'm going to ask Jack if he can PAULA: get tickets. I'm dying to see Mick Screecher in person. Will you go? GINA: I'm leaving town on the 19th my brother's getting married on the 21st also.

PAULA: Which one? GINA: Paul, he's marrying Angela Prescott, a girl who he met on holiday. Are you getting them an expensive present? Yes, fairly expensive. I'm planning to get them a water bed. A water bed! Isn't that a little unusual? Yes, but I like surprises, they won't be expecting it.

PAULA: GINA: PAULA: GINA:

PAULA: Well, sorry you're not coming. I'll be rocking out in the evening of

the 21st. GINA: Yes, you'll be rocking out and I'll be crying along with my mother. I'm feeling sad already.

ractice 1
Reading Comprehension Click on the Red Book again to read the dialogue and answer the following questions. Select True, False or ? for not enough information

1. Paula is dying. 2. "Steel Damsel" is not a singer. 3. Mick Schreecher is not part of "Steel Damsel."

4. Paula knows Mick Screecher personally. 5. The rock group is playing on Paula's birthday. 6. Jack is Paula's brother. 7. Gina will not be happy at her brother's wedding. 8. Paula doesn't like water beds. 9. Gina's brother is getting married on Paula's birthday. 10. Gina likes "Steel Damsel's" music.

rammar Review: Forming the Present Progressive


The following chart summarizes the rules for forming the Present Progressive: Singular Subjects Subject I You Plural Subjects Ing form reading studying

Form of verb Form of verb Ing form Subject to be to be am are reading studying We You are

He/she/it

is

sleeping

They

sleeping

Practice 2
Complete the following sentences with a verb from the list in present progressive. Use each verb only once. buy eat deliver bake take read

1. She 2. They

a bath. at a new fancy Colombian restaurant the newspaper. a speech on T.V. a present for his wife. a cake.

in down town Miami. 3. My grandfather 4. The President 5. He 6. We

Present Progressive with Future Meaning

The Present progressive is mostly used to talk about actions happening now. For example: Im taking an online class now In the example above, the word now indicates that the action is in progress right this minute. However, the present progressive can be used to talk about events that will occur in the future when these events are plans or expectations, that is, when you want to talk about your plans or about something you expect to happen in the future.

Im taking an online class this afternoon

In the example above, the time marker this afternoon indicates that you plan to take an online class later. See how the present progressive is used with future meaning in the following examples from the listening: Guess whos coming to play at the stadium next month?

My brothers getting married on the 21st. (of May)

Are you getting them an expensive present? Im getting them a water bed!

Practice 3
Read the following sentences and indicate when they happen. Use F for actions taking place in the future and N for actions taking place now.

1. The girl is doing her homework. 2. Im taking a shower. 3. The band is coming to Miami next month. 4. A new art museum is opening in San Francisco soon. 5. The child is walking the dog. 6. My parents are coming to visit in January.

7. They are going out tonight. 8. It is raining.

Vocabulary Interlude: Time Markers for Future Meaning


As we said in the Grammar section above, the present progressive indicates that an action is happening at this particular moment. Normally, the word now is used or understood with the present progressive. Nevertheless, when the present progressive is used with a future meaning, a time marker should be used which reinforces the idea that these events will take place in the future. Here is a list of time markers commonly used for future events: today / this afternoon / tomorrow / next week (weekend, month, year) / tomorrow afternoon / this weekend / on Monday (Saturday, etc) / next Monday (Saturday, etc) / soon

Practice 4
Complete the following paragraphs about what these people are doing in the future with the correct form of the Present Progressive. Use the verbs in ( ). Then Match the pictures with the paragraphs.

Picture 1

Picture 2

Picture 3

A) Next saturday I (go) I (buy) Also, I (get) Picture: B) My teacher (move) He (leave) he (take) Winchester.

shoppping.

clothes for me and my mother. a new carpet for the living room and some decorations too!

back to England next year.

in January because a new job as head of the English Department at the University of

He (go)

with his family. their friends behind!

His children are a little sad because they (leave) Picture: C) They (go) They (go) Then they (get) Then they (meet) All of them (go) fun!!!!!! Picture: out friday night. to the movies.

dinner at a romantic restaurant by the beach. some friends. dancing at a new club in Miami Beach. This is what I call

Phonetics
Review of consonant sounds Your instructor will read the following lists of words. Listen carefully and indicate by number (1- 4) the sound you hear whichDOES NOT correspond to the phoneme above the first number.

1. [

1. cheap 2. channel 3. chef 4.

] 2. [ ] 3. [ ] 4. [ ] 5. [ ] 6. [

chime 1. shape 2. watch 3. lash 4. wash 1. thing 2. then 3. there 4. these 1. thick 2. three 3. throw 4. them 1. Jane 2. Jim 3. Jacques 4. Jack ] 1. vision 2. mission 3. measure 4. leisure 1. assign 2. excite 3. easy 4. insist 1. cousin 2. busy 3. bossy 4. rosy

7. [ s ] 8. [ z ]

Phonetics
Review of consonant sounds Your instructor will read the following lists of words. Listen carefully and indicate by number (1- 4) the sound you hear whichDOES NOT correspond to the phoneme above the first number.

1. [ ] 2. [ ] 3. [ ] 4. [ ] 5. [ ] 6. [

1. cheap 2. channel 3. chef 4. chime 1. shape 2. watch 3. lash 4. wash 1. thing 2. then 3. there 4. these 1. thick 2. three 3. throw 4. them 1. Jane 2. Jim 3. Jacques 4. Jack ] 1. vision 2. mission 3. measure 4. leisure 1. assign 2. excite 3. easy 4. insist 1. cousin 2. busy 3. bossy 4. rosy

7. [ s ] 8. [ z ]

Practice 5
Review of Phonetic Transcription

Study the following words in phonetic transcription. You instructor will pronounce one of the words in each horizontal row. Indicate the number corresponding to the word you hear.

1. a. [d

aek] b. [saek ]c. [slaek] n ] c. [ d k s ] c. [t ] c. ]

2. a. [ d I n ] b. [d eIn] 3. a. [ I cks ] b. [ t ks] 4. a. [ m ^ n t [ m^nk ] 5. a. [ lae

] b. [m^un

] b. [ laep ] c. [ laet ]

6. a. [ feIs ] b. [ feIk ] c. [ feI 7. a. [ w nt ] nt ] b. [ r nt

] c. [ kl

8. a. [ raen ] b. [ reIn ] c. [ r^n ]

Practice 5

Review of Phonetic Transcription Study the following words in phonetic transcription. You instructor will pronounce one of the words in each horizontal row. Indicate the number corresponding to the word you hear.

1. a. [d

aek] b. [saek ]c. [slaek] n ] c. [ d k s ] c. [t ] c. ]

2. a. [ d I n ] b. [d eIn] 3. a. [ I cks ] b. [ t ks] 4. a. [ m ^ n t [ m^nk ] 5. a. [ lae

] b. [m^un

] b. [ laep ] c. [ laet ]

6. a. [ feIs ] b. [ feIk ] c. [ feI 7. a. [ w nt ] nt ] b. [ r nt

] c. [ kl

8. a. [ raen ] b. [ reIn ] c. [ r^n ]

When we begin to write we usually write very simple sentences with one subject and/or object: EXAMPLES: Martha sleeps all day. (One subject, "Martha..") Mary adores her children. (One subject Mary one object, her children. )

As you learn to write more, your sentences will become more complex and interesting, as you add more information in a sentence. One step towards this is by joining two ideas or concepts using relative clauses with relative pronouns to avoid repetition. Such pronouns are: WHICH Mitchell caught a fish. The fish was over ten inches long. To make one sentence of this and avoid repetition we can place the relative clause marker which to replace The fish EXAMPLE: Mitchell caught a fish which was over ten inches long.

NOTE : You will use who as the marker if you refer to persons. EX. My uncle likes the fat cook. The fat cook is friendly and cooks delicious meals. My uncle likes the fat cook who is friendly and cooks delicious meals. WHERE My son lives in the house. His grandfather lived in the house.

We can join the sentences using where to join them as in the house is repeated and where avoids this repetition. EXAMPLE: My son lives in the house where his grandfather lived. (Notice that you need to eliminate the words in the house after grandfather.)