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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

Author: Ren FREUND

ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS LTD

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REVISION HISTORY

05.05
02.05
02.03
02.01
98.09
87.11
Version

British RSJ; American S-Shapes; Australian, Indian, South-African & Russian Standard Sections
I-Shapes with Sloping Flanges (IPNs); Web Height Input Modified
Japanese H
American W
British UB & UC
First Issue
Description

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

CONTENTS
1
2

SCOPE
ASSUMPTIONS AND METHODOLOGY
2.1
Elementary Sections
2.1.1 Circular Sector
2.1.2 Circular Cap
2.1.3 Circular Lens
2.2
I-Beams with Parallel Flanges
2.2.1 Axial and Bending Properties
2.2.2 Torsional Properties
2.2.3 Additional Properties
2.3
I-Beams with Sloping Flanges
2.3.1 Axial and Bending Properties
2.3.2 Torsional Properties
2.4
Box
2.4.1 Axial and Bending Properties
2.4.2 Torsional Properties
2.5
Standard Hot-Rolled Sections
2.5.1 European Sections
2.5.1.1 HE Column Sections
2.5.1.2 I-Beam Sections
2.5.1.3 Miscellaneous Non Standard Sections
2.5.2 British Sections
2.5.2.1 Universal Beams (UB)
2.5.2.2 Universal Columns (UC)
2.5.2.3 RSJ-Beams
2.5.2.4 UBP Bearing Piles
2.5.3 American Sections
2.5.3.1 Wide Flange Sections
2.5.3.2 Standard S-Shapes
2.5.3.3 M Shapes
2.5.3.4 HP Sections
2.5.4 Japanese Sections
2.5.4.1 Wide Flange Sections
2.5.4.2 Heavy H-Columns
2.5.5 Australian Sections
2.5.5.1 Universal Beams (UBA)
2.5.5.2 Universal Columns (UCA)
2.5.5.3 TFB Tapered Flange Beams
2.5.5.4 Universal Bearing Piles (UBPA)
2.5.6 Southern African Sections
2.5.7 Indian Sections
2.5.7.1 Wide Flange ISWB Beams
2.5.7.2 Medium Flange ISMB Beams
2.5.7.3 Narrow Flange ISLB Beams
2.5.7.4 ISHB Columns
2.5.7.5 ISJB Joists
2.5.7.6 ISMC Shapes
2.5.7.7 ISLC Shapes
2.5.7.8 ISJC Shapes

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1
2
2
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
6
6
8
8
8
9
9
10
12
15
20
20
22
23
24
25
25
35
36
36
37
37
39
42
42
43
43
44
44
45
45
45
46
46
46
47
47
47

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

2.5.8 Russian Sections


2.5.8.1 Narrow Flange Beams
2.5.8.2 Wide Flange Beams
2.5.8.3 Columns
2.5.8.4 Alternate Beam-Columns
2.5.8.5 Tapered Flange Beams
2.6
Korean Sections
2.6.1 Wide Flange Sections
2.6.2 Bearing Piles
2.7
Characteristic Buckling Resistance
2.7.1 Buckling Curve
2.7.2 Cross-Section Types
VARIABLES AND UNITS
3.1
Input Data
3.2
Default Values
3.3
Output Data
OPERATING LIMITS AND WARNINGS
4.1
Selection of Standard Shapes
4.2
Interface with GTSTRUDL
4.3
Radius of Gyration with Respect to Torsional Buckling
ASSOCIATED ROUTINES
5.1
Upstream
5.2
Downstream
REFERENCES & BIBLIOGRAPHY
6.1
References
6.2
Bibliography
EXAMPLES
7.1
European Sections
7.1.1 HEA
7.1.2 IPN
7.2
British Sections
7.2.1 UB Beam
7.2.2 UC Column
7.2.3 RSJ-Beam
7.3
American Sections
7.3.1 W Beam
7.3.2 Standard S-Shape
7.4
Japanese Sections
7.5
Australian Sections
7.6
Indian Sections
7.7
Russian Sections
7.8
Airplane Spare of Spruce
7.9
Boxed Section

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49
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53
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54
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56
56
56
57
57
57
58
58
60
61
62
62
63
64
64
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67
67
68
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70
71
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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

1 SCOPE
The program computes the properties of bi-symmetrical elementary welded or rolled steel sections.
Properties include
area,
elastic bending inertia and moduli,
plastic moduli,
torsional and warping inertia.
Sections may either be described in terms of element sizes and thickness (flange, web) or specified as hot-rolled
section. This program contains a database of over 1200 sections complying with the following standards
European (IPE-A, IPE, IPE-O, IPN, HEA, HEB, HEM, HEAA, HE, HL, HD, HP),
British (UB, UC, RSJ, UBP)
American (WF, S, M, HP) including a few specific Canadian wide-flange sections,
Japanese (WJs),
Australian (UB, UC, TFB, UBP),
Indian (ISWB, ISMB, ISLB, ISHB, ISJB, ISMC, ISLC, ISJC),
Southern African,
Russian (?, ? , ? , ? ? a n d ? ? shapes).
This routine can be used on its own, but is more generally called as a subroutine for member code check programs
in accordance with international Rules and Regulations (AISC, API, NORSOK, BS, CM66, etc..)
KEYWORDS
rolled beam, I-beam, H-beam, root radius, toe radius, sloping flange

Figure 1-1 Lunch Atop a Skyscraper [Photograph Charles EBBETS]

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2 ASSUMPTIONS AND METHODOLOGY


The properties of the sections relate to a purely elastic material behaviour.
The system of axes is such that
x-axis is normal to the plan of the cross-section,
y-axis corresponds to the axis of major inertia (parallel to the flanges),
z-axis corresponds to the axis of minor inertia (parallel to the web).

2.1 Elementary Sections


The properties of the following elementary sections derived from Ref./ 33/ are used to compute the exact
characteristics of rolled beam sections when root radius and miscellaneous rounding are included.
The local reference system of sections involving circles is as follows:
origin at the center of the circle,
v-axis pointing towards the middle of the circular arch, separating two equal sectors having the same
subtended angle a.

2.1.1 Circular Sector

v 2 sin
=
R
3
Aw
=
R2
I u sin cos v 2 Aw
= +

R4 4
4
R4
I v sin cos
=
R4 4
4
Figure 2-1 Circular Sector [from Ref./33/]

2.1.2 Circular Cap


v
2 sin 3
=
R 3( sin cos )
Aw
= sin cos
R2
2
Iu
sin cos sin 3 cos v Aw
=
+

4
2
R4
R4
3
Iv
sin cos sin cos
=

R4
4
6
Figure 2-2 Circular Cap [from Ref./33/]

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.1.3 Circular Lens


v tan 2 sin
=
R 3( tan )
Aw
= tan
R2
Iu
tan sin 2 tan tan 3 v 2 Aw
=
+
+

4
12
6
R4
R4
2
Iv
tan sin tan
=

4
4
12
R

2.2 I-Beams with Parallel Flanges


An I-beam with parallel flanges is completely defined by
the width b and thickness e of its flanges,
its overall height H and the thickness a of its web
the root radius r at the junction between flange and web.

Figure 2-3 Dimensions of an I-Beam with Parallel Flanges [from Ref./49/]

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.2.1 Axial and Bending Properties


The properties of such a section are

AX = 2be + ah + (4 ) r 2

[1]

AY = 2be + (a + r ) a

[2]

AZ = A X (2b a 2r ) e

[3]

r2

16
2
+ (h r ) 2 r 4
r
3
4
9

h
4
1
r
2 3

IY =

ah 3 + 2be 3 be (h + e ) 2
+
+ r2
12
2

IZ =

eb3
a3 r
4
16

2 a
+ (h 2r )
+ ( 2r + a) 3 r 4
r + 1
r
6
12 6
3
4 9
2

SY =

a
4
10

(h + 2e ) + (b a) (h + e ) e +
hr 2 + r 3
4
2
3

[6]

SZ =

eb 2 ha 2 4
10

+
+
ar 2 + r 3
2
4
2
3

[7]

AL = 4 (b 2r ) + 2h + 2 r
AG =

[4]

[5]

[8]

AL
w AX

[9]

where h = H 2e is the clear distance between flanges.

2.2.2 Torsional Properties


The torsional inertia includes the contribution of the inscribed circles at the junction of web and flanges.

JX =

2be3 + ha 3
1 e
min (a, e )
r
0.42 1 e 4 +
0.29 + 0.2 D 4
3
12
b
max
(
a
,
e
)
e

D=e+

where

CW =

eb ( h + e)
24

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[10]

(r + a / 2) 2
2r + e

[11]

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

Figure 2-4 Torsional Inertia of Hot-Rolled Sections With Parallel Flanges [from Ref./33/]

2.2.3 Additional Properties


The program also computes some dimensional characteristics which pertain to specific codes
the stiff bearing length of the flange defined in ENV 1993 1-1 5.7.2 (Ref./ 19/) corresponds to a 45 deg
diffusion of the stress in the plan of the web through the thickness of the flange tangent to the root radius,
hence

s s = 2e + a + 2 2 2 r
-

[12]

the effective radius of gyration rT of a doubly symmetrical I-section with respect to lateral/torsional buckling
about its major axis is defined in AISC Rules (Ref./1/) as

rT =

I Z CW

[13]

WY

Figure 2-5 Welded Plate Girders [courtesy DELTASIDER]

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.3 I-Beams with Sloping Flanges


An I-beam with sloping flanges is completely defined by
the flange width b and thickness e at mid width of a half-flange,
its overall height H and the thickness a of its web,
the root radius r at the junction between flange and web,
the toe radius r1 at the flange edges,
the slope tan of the inner face of the flanges.

2.3.1 Axial and Bending Properties


The presence of rounding at angles different from 90 deg complicates somewhat the parametric formulae for the
properties of an I section with sloping flanges. These properties can nevertheless be computed exactly from the
combination of some of the elementary sections described in Section 2.1. A typical decomposition is shown
below

Figure 2-6 Decomposition of an I-Shape With Sloping Flanges [from Ref./14/]

2.3.2 Torsional Properties


The torsional inertia of an I-beam with sloping flanges is computed in accordance with the formulae of Ref./16/.
The following parameters are developed for sections
a
r
a
r a
with parallel flanges 1 = 0.0420 + 0.220 + 0.136 0. 0725 + 0.0865
e
e
e
e e

(e + r ) 2 + a r + a
D1 =
-

with sloping flanges

14/01/09

2r + e

3 = 0. 0836 + 0.254

a
r
a
r a
+ 0.127 0. 0858 + 0.0806
e
e
e
e e

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

(f

2
+ t3 ) + a r +
4

f + r + t3

Version 05.05

r
a

r + tan
cos
2
2
3
V s = 0.105 + 0.100 tan + 0.0848 tan + 0.0675 tan + 0.0515 tan 4
D3 =

f =

The figure for 3 is actually valid for flange slopes equal to 1/6. For other slopes it may linearly interpolated
between 3 and 1 as given above for parallel-sided flanges.
The torsional inertia is eventually equal to

JX =

(b a)(t1 + t 2 )(t12 + t 22 )
6

2at 32
a3
+ (h + 2e 2t 2 )
+ 2 3 D 34 4V s t14
3
3

[14]

Figure 2-7 Torsional Inertia of Hot-Rolled Sections With Sloping Flanges [from Ref./19/]

The warping constant is computed as

IW =

h 2f I fZ

2
where h f represents the distance between the CoGs of the upper and lower flanges, and IfZ their individual bending
inertia with respect to the weak axis Z computed from the decomposition of Section 2.3.1.

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.4 Box
A box consisting of one central and two side webs is defined by
the width b and thickness e of its flanges,
its overall height H and the thickness a of the central web,
the thickness s of the side webs and the distance d between their mid-thickness
the root radii r and r at the connection flange to central web.

2.4.1 Axial and Bending Properties


The axial and bending properties are readily derived from those of an I-section

2.4.2 Torsional Properties


The torsional properties of boxes are several orders of magnitude superior to those of an open I-section

JX = 2

CW =

[d (h + e)]2

[15]

d / e + ( h + e) / s

d 2 ( h + e) s + eb3
24

sd 2 ( h + e) be
( h + e) 2

sd + ( h + e) be

[16]

Figure 2-8 Truck Transporting a Large Box Girder

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5 Standard Hot-Rolled Sections


The following Tables provide the list of hot-rolled sections complying with various national standards that are
recognized by this program.
The User is advised to consult the relevant catalogs of suppliers for more information regarding dimensional data.
As the same geometrical section may be called diversely under different standards, a hierarchical order is
established, namely European, British, American, Japanese, Australian, Indian, South-African and Russian, which
reflects the availability of the same section in Continental Europe under each specific standard.
Non-standard sections that are genuine to one manufacturer in particular are given lower hierarchical ranking.

2.5.1 European Sections


IPE
IPA

IPO

80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240

180
200
220
240

270

270

300

300

330

330

360

360

400
450
500
550
600

400
450
500
550
600

IPN

HEA
HEB
HEM
HEAA

80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260

100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260

280
300
320

280
300
320

340
360
380
400
450
500
550

340
360
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000

The dimensions of all European shapes are derived from Ref./ 5/.

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.1.1 HE Column Sections

Figure 2-9 European HE Section [from Ref./5/]


The sizes of European HE sections defined in accordance with Euronorm 53-62 have the following characteristics
the nominal height of the section is equal to the overall true height of the corresponding HEB section,
the distance between inner flanges of HEA, HEB and HEM having the same nominal height is identical,
the flange width is equal to the nominal height (in mm) for HEs less than 300, and is limited to 300mm for
higher beams.
2.5.1.1.1

HEAs
HEA
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000

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h
96.
114.
133.
152.
171.
190.
210.
230.
250.
270.
290.
310.
330.
350.
390.
440.
490.
540.
590.
640.
690.
790.
890.
990.

Sizes [mm]
a
5.0
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
11.0
11.5
12.0
300.
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.5
15.0
16.0
16.5
b
100.
120.
140.
160.
180.
200.
220.
240.
260.
280.

e
8.0
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
11.0
12.0
12.5
13.0
14.0
15.5
16.5
17.5
19.0
21.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
30.0
31.0

r
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

27.

30.

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SECELEM

2.5.1.1.2

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

HEBs
HEB
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000

2.5.1.1.3

Sizes [mm]
a
6.0
6.5
7.0
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.5
14.0
14.5
300.
15.0
15.5
16.0
17.0
17.5
18.5
19.0

h
100.
120.
140.
160.
180.
200.
220.
240.
260.
280.
300.
320.
340.
360.
400.
450.
500.
550.
600.
650.
700.
800.
900.
1000.

b
100.
120.
140.
160.
180.
200.
220.
240.
260.
280.

h
120.
140.
160.
180.
200.
220.
240.
270.
290.
310.
340.
359.
377.
395.
432.
478.
524.
572.
620.
668.
716.
814.
910.
1008.

b
106.
126.
146.
166.
186.
206.
226.
248.
268.
288.
310.
309.
309.
308.
307.
307.
306.
306.
305.
305.
304.
303.
302.
302.

e
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
17.5
18.0
19.0
20.5
21.5
22.5
24.0
26.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
35.0
36.0

r
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

27.

30.

HEMs
HEM
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000

14/01/09

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
a
12.0
12.5
13.0
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
18.0
18.0
18.5

e
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
32.0
32.5
33.0
39.0

r
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

27.
21.0

40.0

30.

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SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.1.2 I-Beam Sections


2.5.1.2.1

IPEs

Figure 2-10 European IPE Section [from Ref./5/]

IPE
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
270
300
330
360
400
450
500
550
600

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h
80.
100.
120.
140.
160.
180.
200.
220.
240.
270.
300.
330.
360.
400.
450.
500.
550.
600.

b
46.
55.
64.
73.
82.
91.
100.
110.
120.
135.
150.
160.
170.
180.
190.
200.
210.
220.

Sizes [mm]
a
3.8
4.1
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.3
5.6
5.9
6.2
6.6
7.1
7.5
8.0
8.6
9.4
10.2
11.1
12.0

e
5.2
5.7
6.3
6.9
7.4
8.0
8.5
9.2
9.8
10.2
10.7
11.5
12.7
13.5
14.6
16.0
17.2
19.0

r
5.
7.
9.
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

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SECELEM

2.5.1.2.2

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

IPAs
IPA
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
270
300
330
360
400
450
500
550
600

2.5.1.2.3

h
78.
98.
117.6
137.4
157.
177.
197.
217.
237.
267.
297.
327.
357.6
397.
447.
497.
547.
597.

b
46.
55.
64.
73.
82.
91.
100.
110.
120.
135.
150.
160.
170.
180.
190.
200.
210.
220.

Sizes [mm]
a
3.3
3.6
3.8
3.8
4.0
4.3
4.5
5.0
5.2
5.5
6.1
6.5
6.6
7.0
7.6
8.4
9.0
9.8

e
4.2
4.7
5.1
5.6
5.9
6.5
7.0
7.7
8.3
8.7
9.2
10.0
11.5
12.0
13.1
14.5
15.7
17.5

h
182.
202.
222.
242.
274.
304.
334.
364.
404.
456.
506.
556.
610.

b
92.
102.
112.
122.
136.
152.
162.
172.
182.
192.
202.
212.
224.

Sizes [mm]
a
6.0
6.2
6.6
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.2
9.7
11.0
12.0
12.7
15.0

e
9.0
9.5
10.2
10.8
12.2
12.7
13.5
14.7
15.5
17.6
19.0
20.2
24.0

r
5.
7.
9.
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

IPOs
IPO
180
200
220
240
270
300
330
360
400
450
500
550
600

14/01/09

Version 05.05

r
9.
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

Page 13

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.1.2.4 IPNs
IPN sections with sloping flanges are defined in accordance with DIN 1025-1 and NF-A-45-209 Specifications.
They are characterized by
a flange slope equal to 14%,
a root radius (r1 on Figure 2-11 equal to the web thickness).
The average thickness e is measured at the middle of the half-flange (at the distance b/4 from the free edge).

Figure 2-11 European IPN Section [from Ref./5/]

IPN
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
380
400
450
500
550

14/01/09

h
80.
100.
120.
140.
160.
180.
200.
220.
240.
260.
280.
300.
320.
340.
360.
380.
400.
450.
500.
550.

b
42.
50.
58.
66.
74.
82.
90.
98.
106.
113.
119.
125.
131.
137.
143.
149.
155.
170.
185.
200.

Sizes [mm]
a
e
3.9
5.9
4.5
6.8
5.1
7.7
5.7
8.6
6.3
9.5
10.4
6.9
7.5
11.3
8.1
12.2
8.7
13.1
9.4
14.1
10.1
15.2
10.8
16.2
11.5
17.3
12.2
18.3
13.0
19.5
13.7
20.5
14.4
21.6
16.2
24.3
18.0
27.0
19.0
30.0

r1
3.9
4.5
5.1
5.7
6.3

r2
2.3
2.7
3.1
3.4
3.8

6.9

4.1

7.5
8.1
8.7
9.4
10.1
10.8
11.5
12.2
13.0
13.7
14.4
16.2
18.0
19.0

4.5
4.9
5.2
5.6
6.1
6.6
6.9
7.3
7.8
8.2
8.6
9.7
10.8
11.9

Page 14

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.1.3 Miscellaneous Non Standard Sections


2.5.1.3.1

HEAAs
HEAA
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000

h
91.
109.
128.
148.
167.
186.
205.
224.
244.
264.
283.
301.
320.
339.
378.
425.
472.
522.
571.
620.
670.
770.
870.
970.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
100.
4.2
120.
4.2
140.
4.3
160.
4.5
180.
5.0
200.
5.5
220.
6.0
240.
6.5
260.
6.5
260.
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
300.
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0

e
5.5
5.5
6.0
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
13.0
13.5
14.0
15.0
15.5
16.0
17.0
18.0
20.0
21.0

r
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

27.

30.

2.5.1.3.2 HE Sections
This list regroups all non-standard HE sections (excluding extra-light HEAAs) which are not normalized as either
HEAs, HEBs, HEMs and are hence all identified here as HE H W (height weight).

Figure 2-12 HE Section [from Ref./5/]


All the sections are derived from the EUROPROFIL- ARBED Catalog (Ref./5/) in which the colour of the
nominal weight figure refers to the respective edition

14/01/09

Page 15

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT

HE Section
H
W
300
177
107
299
400
347
403
468
124
312
450
368
436
519
320
379
500
451
534
330
393
550
466
552
137
151
175
337
600
340
399
402
477
564
343
347
407
650
410
487
579

2.5.1.3.3

Mar2001 edition
Jan1993 edition
referred to as HE300C the Jan1993 edition
BRITISH STEEL Construction Manual On-Line (Ref./ 11/).

h
320.
384.
444.
458.
474.
492.
435.
490.
506.
526.
548.
536.
552.
572.
594.
584.
602.
620.
642.
575.
582.
588.
632.
632.
648.
648.
668.
690.
680.
680.
696.
696.
716.
738.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
305.
16.0
297.
10.0
309.
25.5
313.
29.5
318.
34.0
323.
39.0
300.
10.2
310.
26.5
314.
31.0
319.
35.5
325.
42.0
309.
26.5
314.
31.0
319.
36.0
325.
42.0
309.
26.5
313.
30.5
319.
36.5
325.
42.5
300.
11.8
300.
11.6
300.
13.6
310.
25.5
308.
26.5
315.
30.0
313.
31.0
318.
36.0
324.
42.0
309.
25.0
307.
26.0
314.
29.5
312.
30.5
317.
35.5
323.
42.0

e
29.0
16.0
46.0
53.0
61.0
70.0
18.5
46.0
54.0
64.0
75.0
46.0
54.0
64.0
75.0
46.0
55.0
64.0
75.0
17.5
20.6
23.9
46.0
46.0
54.0
54.0
64.0
75.0
46.0
46.0
54.0
54.0
64.0
75.0

27.

HE Section
H
W
166
352
356
700
418
421
500
594
373
377
444
800
448
531
627
391
396
466
900
471
557
661
393
409
415
488
1000
494
579
584
694

h
678.
728.
728.
744.
744.
764.
786.
826.
826.
842.
842.
862.
884.
922.
922.
938.
938.
958.
980.
1016.
1020.
1020.
1036.
1036.
1056.
1056.
1078.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
300.
12.5
308.
25.0
306.
26.0
313.
29.5
311.
30.5
316.
35.5
322.
42.0
308.
25.0
306.
26.0
313.
30.0
311.
31.0
316.
36.0
322.
42.0
307.
25.0
305.
26.0
312.
30.0
310.
31.0
315.
36.
321.
42.5
303.
24.4
306.
25.0
304.
26.0
311.
30.0
309.
31.0
316.
35.0
314.
36.0
321.
42.5

e
21.0
46.0
46.0
54.0
54.0
64.0
75.0
46.0
46.0
54.0
54.0
64.0
75.0
46.0
46.0
54.0
54.0
64.
75.
43.9
46.0
46.0
54.0
54.0
64.0
64.0
75.

27.

30.

IPE 750
W
137
147
161
173
185
196
210
223

14/01/09

Version 05.05

h
753.
753.
758.
762.
766.
770.
775.
778.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
263.
11.5
265.
13.2
266.
13.8
267.
14.4
267.
14.9
268.
15.6
268.
16.0
269.
17.0

e
17.0
17.0
19.3
21.6
23.6
25.4
28.0
29.5

17.

Page 16

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.1.3.4 IPE-R
Dimensions of heavy IPE-R profiles are derived from BRITISH STEEL Construction Manual On-Line (Ref./ 11/)
IPR
140
160
180
200
220
240
270
300
330
360
400
450
500
550
600

h
142.
162.
183.
204.
225.
245.
276.
306.
336.
366.
407.
458.
508.
560.
608.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
72.
5.3
81.
5.6
89.
6.4
98.
6.6
108.
6.7
118.
7.5
133.
7.7
147.
8.5
158.
9.2
168.
9.9
178.
10.6
188.
11.3
198.
12.6
210.
14.0
218.
14.0

e
7.8
8.5
9.5
10.5
11.8
12.3
13.1
13.7
14.5
16.0
17.0
18.6
20.0
22.2
23.0

r
7.
9.
12.
15.
18.
21.
24.

2.5.1.3.5 IPE-V
Dimensions of extra-heavy IPE-V profiles are derived from BRITISH STEEL Construction Manual On-Line
(Ref./11/)
IPV
400
450
500
550
600

14/01/09

h
408.
460.
514.
566.
618.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
182.
10.6
194.
12.4
204.
14.2
216.
17.1
228.
18.0

e
17.5
19.6
23.0
25.2
28.0

r
21.
24.

Page 2

SECELEM

2.5.1.3.6

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

HL Sections

Figure 2-13 HL Section [from Ref./5/]

HL Section
H
W
342
365
387
417
446
920
488
534
585
653
784
967
258
296
321
371
412
443
1000
483
539
554
591
642
748
883
343
390
1100
433
499

14/01/09

h
912.
916.
921.
928.
933.
942.
950.
960.
972.
996.
1028.
970.
982.
990.
1000.
1008.
1012.
1020.
1030.
1032.
1040.
1048.
1068.
1092.
1090.
1100.
1108.
1118.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
418.
19.3
419.
20.3
420.
21.3
422.
22.5
423.
24.
422.
25.9
425.
28.4
427.
31.
431.
34.5
437.
40.9
446.
50.
400.
16.5
400.
16.5
400.
16.5
400.
19.
402.
21.
402.
23.6
404.
25.4
407.
28.4
408.
29.5
409.
31.
412.
34.
417.
39.
424.
45.5
400.
18.
400.
20.
402.
22.
405.
26.

e
32.
34.3
36.6
39.9
42.7
47.
51.1
55.9
62.
73.9
89.9
21.
27.
31.
36.
40.
41.9
46.
51.1
52.
55.9
60.
70.
82.
31.
36.
40.
45.

24.

30.

20.

Page 3

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.1.3.7 Wide Flange Columns HD Sections


These non-standard heavy wide flange sections are listed in ARCELOR catalog Ref./ 5/.
They reproduce to a large extent American standard wide flange beams W356.

Figure 2-14 HD Section [from Ref./5/]

HD Section
H
W
54
68
93
260
114
142
172
74
97
127
320
158
198
245
300
134
147
360
162
179
196

14/01/09

h
244.
250.
260.
268.
278.
290.
301.
310.
320.
330.
343.
359.
375.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
260.
6.5
260.
7.5
260.
10.
262.
12.5
265.
15.5
268.
18.
300.
8.
300.
9.
300.
11.5
303.
14.5
306.
18.
309.
21.
313.
27.

e
9.5
12.5
17.5
21.5
26.5
32.5
11.
15.5
20.5
25.5
32.
40.
48.

24.

27.

Sizes identical to American W356368

HD Section
H
W
187
216
237
262
287
314
347
382
421
463
400
509
551
592
634
677
744
818
900
990
1086

h
368.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
391.
15.

e
24.

r
15.

Sizes identical to American W356406

Page 4

SECELEM

2.5.1.3.8

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

HP Sections

Figure 2-15 HP Section [from Ref./5/]


HP Section
H
W
43
200
53
220
57
75
260
87
79
88
95
110
305
126
149
180
186
223
88
103
320
117
147
184
84
109
133
360
152
174
180
122
140
158
176
400
194
213
231

14/01/09

h
200.
204.
210.
249.
253.
299.3
301.7
303.7
307.9
312.3
318.5
326.7
328.3
337.9
303.
307.
311.
319.
329.
340.
346.4
352.
356.4
361.4
362.9
348.
352.
356.
360.
364.
368.
372.

Sizes [mm]
b
a
205.
9.
207.
11.3
224.5
11.
265.
12.
267.
14.
306.4
11.
307.8
12.4
308.7
13.3
310.7
15.3
312.9
17.5
316.
20.6
319.7
24.8
320.9
25.5
325.7
30.3
304.
12.
306.
14.
308.
16.
312.
20.
317.
25.
367.
10.
371.
12.8
373.8
15.6
376.
17.8
378.5
20.3
378.8
21.1
390.
14.
392.
16.
394.
18.
396.
20.
398.
22.
400.
24.
402.
26.

e
9.
11.3
11.
12.
14.
11.
12.3
13.3
15.4
17.6
20.7
24.8
25.6
30.4
12.
14.
16.
20.
25.
10.
12.9
15.7
17.9
20.4
21.1
14.
16.
18.
20.
22.
24.
26.

r
10.
18.
24.

15.2

27.

15.2

15.

Page 19

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.2 British Sections


British parallel flange sections are identified by their overall height, width and weight (metric) as either
UB H B W (universal beams),
UC H B W (universal columns).
The dimensions in the metric system of all British shapes are obtained from Ref./16/.

2.5.2.1 Universal Beams (UB)

Figure 2-16 British UB Section [from Ref./16/]


UB Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
127
76
13
152
89
16
178
102
19
102
23
203
25
133
30
22
102
25
28
254
31
146
37
43
25
102
28
33
37
305
127
42
48
40
165
46
54
33
127
39
45
356
51
171
57
67

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
h
127.0
152.4
177.8
203.2
203.2
206.8
254.0
257.2
260.4
251.4
256.0
259.6
305.1
308.7
312.7
304.4
307.2
311.0
303.4
306.6
310.4
349.0
353.4
351.4
355.0
358.0
363.4

b
76.2
88.7
101.2
101.8
133.2
133.9
101.6
101.9
102.2
146.1
146.4
147.3
101.6
101.8
102.4
123.4
124.3
125.3
165.0
165.7
166.9
125.4
126.0
171.1
171.5
172.2
173.2

a
4.2
4.5
4.8
5.4
5.7
6.4
5.7
6.0
6.3
6.0
6.3
7.2
5.8
6.0
6.6
7.1
8.0
9.0
6.0
6.7
7.9
6.0
6.6
7.0
7.4
8.1
9.1

e
7.6
7.7
7.9
9.3
7.8
9.6
6.8
8.4
10.0
8.6
10.9
12.7
7.0
8.8
10.8
10.7
12.1
14.0
10.2
11.8
13.7
8.5
10.7
9.7
11.5
13.0
15.7

7.6

7.6

8.9

10.2

Page 20

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

UB Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
39
140
46
54
406
60
178
67
74
52
60
152
67
74
82
457
67
74
191
82
89
98
82
92
101
533
210
109
122
101
113
229
125
610
140
149
305
179
238
125
140
686
254
152
170
134
147
762
267
173
197
176
838
292
194
226
201
224
305
253
914
289
343
419
388
222
249
272
314
1016
305
349
393
437
487

14/01/09

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h
b
a
e
r
398.0
141.8
6.4
8.6
403.2
142.2
6.8
11.2
402.6
177.7
7.7
10.9
406.4
177.9
7.9
12.8
409.4
178.8
8.8
14.3
412.8
179.5
9.5
16.0
449.8
152.4
7.6
10.9
454.6
152.9
8.1
13.3
10.2
458.0
153.8
9.0
15.0
462.0
154.4
9.6
17.0
465.8
155.3
10.5
18.9
453.4
189.9
8.5
12.7
457.0
190.4
9.0
14.5
460.0
191.3
9.9
16.0
463.4
191.9
10.5
17.7
467.2
192.8
11.4
19.6
528.3
208.8
9.6
13.2
533.1
209.3
10.1
15.6
536.7
210.0
10.8
17.4
12.7
539.5
210.8
11.6
18.8
544.5
211.9
12.7
21.3
602.6
227.6
10.5
14.8
607.6
228.2
11.1
17.3
12.7
612.2
229.0
11.9
19.6
617.2
230.2
13.1
22.1
612.4
304.8
11.8
19.7
620.2
307.1
14.1
23.6
16.5
635.8
311.4
18.4
31.4
677.9
253.0
11.7
16.2
683.5
253.7
12.4
19.0
15.2
687.5
254.5
13.2
21.0
692.9
255.8
14.5
23.7
750.0
264.4
12.0
15.5
754.0
265.2
12.8
17.5
16.5
762.2
266.7
14.3
21.6
769.8
268.0
15.6
25.4
834.9
291.7
14.0
18.8
840.7
292.4
14.7
21.7
17.8
850.9
293.8
16.1
26.8
903.0
303.3
15.1
20.2
910.4
304.1
15.9
23.9
19.1
918.4
305.5
17.3
27.9
926.6
307.7
19.5
32.0
911.8
418.5
19.4
32.0
24.1
921.0
420.5
21.4
36.6
970.3
300.0
16.0
21.1
30.
980.2
300.0
16.5
26.0
Sizes identical to European HEA 1000
Sizes identical to European HEB 1000
Sizes identical to European HEM 1000
1016.0
303.0
24.4
43.9
1025.9
305.4
26.9
49.0
30.
1036.1
308.5
30.0
54.1

Page 21

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.2.2 Universal Columns (UC)

Figure 2-17 British UC Section [from Ref./16/]


UC Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
23
152
152
30
37
46
52
60
203
203
71
86
73
89
254
254
107
132
167
97
118
137
305
305
158
198
240
283
129
153
368
177
202
235
356
287
340
406
393
467
551
634

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
h
152.4
157.6
161.8
203.2
206.2
209.6
215.8
222.2
254.1
260.3
266.7
276.3
289.1
307.9
314.5
320.5
327.1
339.9
352.5
365.3
355.6
362.0
368.2
374.6
381.0
393.6
406.4
419.0
436.6
455.6
474.6

b
152.2
152.9
154.4
203.6
204.3
205.8
206.4
209.1
254.6
256.3
258.8
261.3
265.2
305.3
307.4
309.2
311.2
314.5
318.4
322.2
368.6
370.5
372.6
374.7
394.8
399.0
403.0
407.0
412.2
418.5
424.0

a
5.8
6.5
8.0
7.2
7.9
9.4
10.0
12.7
8.6
10.3
12.8
15.3
19.2
9.9
12.0
13.8
15.8
19.1
23.0
26.8
10.4
12.3
14.4
16.5
18.4
22.6
26.6
30.6
35.8
42.1
47.6

e
6.8
9.4
11.5
11.0
12.5
14.2
17.3
20.5
14.2
17.3
20.5
25.3
31.7
15.4
18.7
21.7
25.0
31.4
37.7
44.1
17.5
20.7
23.8
27.0
30.2
36.5
42.9
49.2
58.0
67.5
77.0

r
7.6

10.2

12.7

15.2

Page 22

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.2.3 RSJ-Beams
The sizes of British rolled steel joist (RSJ) beams with sloping flanges are derived from Ref./ 16/.

Figure 2-18 British RSJ Beams [from Ref./16/]

The slope of the inner flange of RSJ-joists corresponds to an angle of 8.0 deg.
The average thickness e is measured at the middle of the clear half-flange at the distance(b-a)/4 from the free
edge.

RSJ Nominal
Sizes (metric)
H
W
76
13
89
19
7
102
23
27
127
29
152
37
203
52
254
82

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
h
76.2
88.9
101.6
101.6
127.0
127.0
152.4
203.2
254.0

b
76.2
88.9
44.5
101.6
114.3
114.3
127.0
152.4
203.2

a
5.1
9.5
4.3
9.5
7.4
10.2
10.4
8.9
10.2

e
8.4
9.9
6.1
10.3
11.4
11.5
13.2
16.5
19.9

r1
9.4
11.1
6.9
11.1
9.9
9.9
13.5
15.5
19.6

r2
4.6
3.2
3.3
3.2
5.0
4.8
6.6
7.6
9.7

Page 23

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.2.4 UBP Bearing Piles

Figure 2-19 British UBP Section [from Ref./16/]

UBP Nominal
Sizes (metric)
H
W
45
203
54
63
254
71
85
79
88
95
110
305
126
149
186
223
109
133
356
152
174

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
h
200.2
204.0
247.1
249.7
254.3
299.3
301.7
303.7
307.9
312.3
318.5
328.3
337.9
346.4
352.0
356.4
361.4

b
205.9
207.7
256.6
258.0
260.4
306.4
307.8
308.7
310.7
312.9
316.0
320.9
325.7
371.0
373.8
376.0
378.5

a
9.5
11.3
10.6
12.0
14.4
11.0
12.4
13.3
15.3
17.5
20.6
25.5
30.3
12.8
15.6
17.8
20.3

e
9.5
11.4
10.7
12.0
14.3
11.1
12.3
13.3
15.4
17.6
20.7
25.6
30.4
12.9
15.7
17.9
20.4

r
10.2
12.7

15.2

Page 24

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.3 American Sections


2.5.3.1 Wide Flange Sections
North American (US and Canada) wide flange sections are identified by their nominal overall height, width and
weight (metric)
W H B W.

Figure 2-20 American Wide Flange W Shape [from Ref./5/]


Because of the considerable variety of these profiles, their provenance is identified by the colour in which their
nominal weight is shown in the following Tables.
-

WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT
WEIGHT

AISC Steel Construction Manual (Ref./1/),


AISC Steel Rehabilitation Guide (Ref./12/),
AISC W Shapes Availability (Ref./2/); sizes estimated by reference to similar shapes,
CISC W Shapes Availability (Ref./ 14/); see Refs./5/ and /26/ for sizes,
CISC Handbook (Ref./13/) (with a few root radii from Ref./44/),
CORUS Catalog (Ref./17/),
SKYLINE Steel Catalog (Ref./ 31/),
BRITISH STEEL Construction Manual On-Line (Ref./ 11/).

The following Tables list in particular a few heavy jumbo W-shapes that may have been used in the past but are
no longer produced. Their properties can hence be compared to those of existent shapes in the case of revamping
of older installations.

14/01/09

Page 25

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
102
102
19
24
127
127
28
102
13
102
18
102
24
152
152
23
152
30
152
37

102

133
203

165

203

102

146

254

203

254

14/01/09

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h
105.7
127.3
130.8
149.9
153.2
159.5

b
103.1
127.0
127.8
100.1
101.6
102.4

a
7.1
6.1
6.9
4.3
5.8
6.6

e
8.8
9.1
10.9
5.5
7.1
10.3

r
6.3
7.6
6.3

Sizes identical to British UC

15
19
22
21
27
31
36
42
46
52
60
71
86
100

200.4
202.9
206.0
203.
206.8
210.3
201.4
204.7

100.1
101.6
102.0
133.
133.4
133.9
165.0
166.0

4.3
5.8
6.2
5.0
5.8
6.4
6.2
7.2

5.2
6.5
8.0
6.4
8.4
10.2
10.2
11.8

228.6

210.3

14.5

23.7

10.2

18
22
25
28
24
33
39
45
49
58
67
73
80
89
101
107
115
132
149
167

251.

101.

4.8

5.3

7.6

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
4
4
13
16
5
5
19
9
4
12
16
6
15
6
20
25

4
7.6
5
10.2

Sizes identical to British UC

Sizes identical to British UB


253.
258.
262.
266.
247.
252.
257.
256.
264.
269.
282.

145.
5.0
6.4
146.
6.1
9.1
147.
6.6
11.2
148.
7.6
13.0
202.
7.4
11.0
203.
8.0
13.5
204.
8.9
15.7
Sizes identical to British UC
255.
9.4
15.6
Sizes identical to British UC
257.
11.9
19.6
Sizes identical to British UC
259.
13.5
22.1
Sizes identical to British UC
263.
17.3
28.4
Sizes identical to British UC

5
7.6
10

12.7
12.7
10
12.7
12.7

10
13
15
14
18
21
24
28
31
35
40
48
58
67

12
15
17
19
16
22
26
30
33
39
45
49
54
60
68
72
77
88
100
112

Page 26

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
21
25
102
28
33
31
39
165
44
52
60
203
67
74
79
254
86
97
107
305
118
129
143
158
179
202
226
305
240
253
283
313
342
375
415
454
500

14/01/09

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h
302.5

b
100.8

a
5.1

e
5.7

r
7.6

Sizes identical to British UB


306.
310.4
313.4
317.5
303.3
306.3
309.6
306.3
309.6
311.2
318.3
322.8
333.2
340.6
348.2
356.4
373.6
382.3
391.4
402.6
414.5
427.2

164.
5.0
7.4
164.8
5.8
9.7
165.6
6.6
11.2
166.6
7.6
13.2
203.3
7.5
13.1
204.3
8.5
14.6
205.2
9.4
16.3
253.9
8.8
14.6
254.3
9.1
16.3
Sizes identical to British UC
305.8
10.9
17.0
Sizes identical to British UC
308.0
13.1
20.6
308.9
14.0
22.9
Sizes identical to British UC
312.9
18.0
28.1
315.0
20.1
31.8
317.0
22.1
35.6
Sizes identical to British UC
319.3
24.4
39.6
Sizes identical to British UC
324.9
30.0
48.3
327.5
32.6
52.6
330.3
35.4
57.1
333.8
38.9
62.7
336.2
41.3
68.7
340.0
45.1
75.1

7.6

15.2
15.2

15.2

15.2

15.2

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
14
16
4
19
22
21
26
6
30
35
40
8
45
50
53
10
58
65
72
12
79
87
96
106
120
136
152
12
161
170
190
210
230
252
279
305
336

Page 27

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
33
127
39
45
51
171
57
64
203
71
79
91
101
254
110
122
116
305
125
134
147
368
162
179
196
216
223
237
249
356
262
274
287
301
314
327
347
366
382
393
406
421
463
476
509
551
592
634
677
744
818
900
990
1086
1202

14/01/09

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h

Sizes identical to British UB

347.0
350.3
353.6
352.8
356.6
359.9
363.5
357.1
360.2
356.1
359.7
363.7
367.8
372.4
375.4
377.9
380.5
384.0
386.6
390.6
393.2
397.0
399.3
403.1
407.4
412.8
416.1
425.2
434.8
427.0
445.5
455.2
464.6
474.2
483.1
497.8
514.1
531.4
549.7
569.5
580.1

203.1
7.7
13.5
204.0
8.6
15.1
204.7
9.4
16.8
253.9
9.5
16.4
254.9
10.5
18.3
255.8
11.4
19.9
257.3
12.9
21.7
304.8
10.9
18.2
305.4
11.5
19.8
368.8
11.2
18.0
370.0
12.3
19.8
371.0
13.3
21.8
372.6
15.0
23.9
374.0
16.4
26.2
393.7
17.3
27.7
394.2
17.7
28.7
395.4
18.9
30.2
396.2
19.8
31.8
397.5
21.1
33.3
398.3
21.3
35.1
399.0
22.6
36.6
400.0
23.6
38.1
401.3
24.9
39.6
402.0
25.5
41.2
403.6
27.2
43.7
404.9
28.4
46.0
406.3
29.8
48.0
Sizes identical to British UC
409.2
32.8
52.6
412.2
35.8
57.4
424.4
48.0
53.1
415.5
39.1
62.7
418.5
42.0
67.6
421.4
45.0
72.3
424.1
47.6
77.1
427.6
51.2
81.5
432.1
55.6
88.9
436.9
60.5
97.0
442.3
65.9 105.7
448.3
71.9 114.8
454.4
78.0 124.7
471.4
95.0 130.0

15.2

15.2

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
22
5
26
30
34
6
38
43
8
48
53
61
68
10
74
82
76
12
84
90
99
14
109
120
132
145
150
159
167
14
176
184
193
202
211
219
233
246
257
264
16
283
311
320
342
370
398
426
455
500
550
605
665
730
808

Page 28

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
39
140
46
54
60
67
178
74
85
86
406
95
216
106
116
100
115
260
132
149
131
292
143

152

191

222
457

280

14/01/09

52
60
67
52
61
67
74
82
89
98
106
95
104
115
126
113
128
144
158
177
193
213
235
260
286
314
348
384
421
463

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h

Sizes identical to British UB

417.3
402.8
406.4
410.5
414.5
414.8
419.6
425.4
431.0
410.5
414.5

180.8
214.9
215.9
216.9
218.2
260.0
261.5
263.3
264.8
292.1
292.9

10.9
10.3
11.3
12.3
13.4
10.0
11.6
13.3
14.9
12.8
13.6

18.2
16.4
18.2
20.2
22.2
16.9
19.3
22.2
25.0
20.2
22.2

10.2

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
26
5
31
36
40
45
7
50
57
58
16
64
8
71
78
67
77
10
89
100
88
11
96

Sizes identical to British UB


447.5
450.

188.2
189.

6.7
8.1

9.7
10.8

6
10.2

Sizes identical to British UB

469.1
453.9
457.2
461.3
465.3
462.5
467.1
472.2
475.7
481.8
489.0
495.0
500.9
509.0
516.9
525.0
534.9
545.1
555.0
566.9

193.9
221.5
222.2
223.3
224.5
280.3
281.7
283.1
284.5
286.1
283.5
285.0
287.0
288.9
291.0
293.5
295.9
299.0
302.0
304.9

12.6
10.2
11.1
12.1
13.4
10.8
12.2
13.6
15.0
16.6
17.0
18.5
20.6
22.6
24.4
26.9
29.5
32.5
35.6
38.6

20.6
17.4
19.1
21.1
23.1
17.3
19.6
22.1
23.9
26.9
30.5
33.5
36.6
40.4
44.4
48.5
53.6
58.4
63.5
69.6

8
18

10.2
11

35
40
46
35
41
45
50
55
60
65
71
64
70
77
85
76
86
97
106
119
130
143
158
175
192
211
234
258
283
311

Page 29

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
65
165
74
85
74
82
92
210
101
109
122
138
122
229
143
150
533
165
182
196
219
248
272
312
300
331
370
409
446
496
542
598

14/01/09

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h
524.8
529.1
534.9
526.5
528.3

b
165.1
165.9
166.5
207.5
208.8

a
8.9
9.6
10.3
8.4
9.5

e
11.4
13.6
16.5
12.3
13.2

12.7

Sizes identical to British UB


549.1
529.8
537.0
543.0
546.0
551.0
554.0
560.0
571.0
577.0
585.0
593.0
603.0
612.9
623.1
635.0
646.9
660.9

213.9
227.6
229.6
312.0
313.0
314.0
316.0
318.0
315.0
317.0
319.0
322.0
324.4
327.4
329.9
333.5
336.9
340.5

14.7
12.7
14.6
12.7
14.0
15.2
16.5
18.3
19.0
21.1
23.1
25.4
28.2
31.0
33.5
37.1
40.4
43.9

23.6
20.2
23.7
20.3
22.2
24.4
26.3
29.2
34.5
37.6
41.4
45.5
50.5
55.6
60.5
66.5
72.4
79.5

12.7
16.5

12.7

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
44
6
50
57
50
55
62
8
68
73
83
93
82
9
96
101
21
111
122
132
147
166
182
12
201
223
248
275
300
333
364
402

Page 30

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
82
180
92
101
113
125
140
153
171
229
191
217
243
271
295
324
356
155
174
610
195
217
241
262
285
308
324
341
372
415
455
498
551
608
670
732
193
356
216
238

14/01/09

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h
598.7
603.0

b
177.9
178.8

a
10.0
10.9

e
12.8
15.0

r
12.7

Sizes identical to British UB


623.1
628.9
635.0
643.1
651.0
658.6
667.0
675.1
685.0
611.0
616.0
622.0
628.0
635.0
641.0
647.0
653.0
660.9
669.0
679.0
689.4
699.
711.
724.9
738.9
753.1
616.0
622.0
627.9

228.6
230.0
231.5
234.1
236.0
238.5
240.5
243.1
245.6
324.0
325.0
327.0
328.0
329.0
327.0
329.0
330.4
333.0
334.9
338.0
340.0
343.
347.
350.5
354.5
358.5
355.6
356.7
357.9

14.0
15.5
17.0
19.6
21.6
23.9
25.9
28.4
31.0
12.7
14.0
15.4
16.5
17.1
19.0
20.6
22.1
24.4
26.4
29.5
32.0
35.1
38.6
41.9
46.0
50.0
14.4
15.4
16.7

24.9
27.9
31.0
35.1
39.1
42.9
47.0
51.0
55.9
19.0
21.6
24.4
27.7
31.0
34.0
37.1
39.9
43.9
48.0
53.1
57.9
63.0
69.1
75.9
83.1
89.9
22.9
25.9
28.8

12.7

16.5

17.8

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
55
7
62
68
76
84
94
103
114
9
128
146
163
181
198
218
239
104
117
24
131
146
162
176
192
207
12
229
250
279
305
335
370
408
450
492
130
14
145
160

Page 31

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
125
140
152
170
192
213
254
237
271
299
329
368
404
452
217
686
240
265
289
323
350
384
356
419
457
500
548
606
667
735
802

267

762

381

14/01/09

134
147
161
173
185
197
220
246
276
308
336
366
400
439
257
284
314
350
389
435
484
531
582
644
710
783
865

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h

Sizes identical to British UB


702.0
707.9
714.0
723.9
732.0
739.9
749.8
760.0
771.9
695.0
700.8
706.4
714.0
722.1
728.0
736.1
744.0
752.0
762.0
771.9
784.1
798.1
812.0
826.0

254.0
255.8
257.8
260.2
262.8
264.8
267.7
270.3
273.8
354.7
356.1
357.8
356.4
358.5
360.4
362.4
364.4
366.9
369.3
372.5
375.9
379.5
383.4
387.0

15.5
17.0
19.1
21.6
23.9
25.9
28.9
31.5
35.1
15.4
16.8
18.4
19.1
21.1
23.1
24.9
26.9
29.5
32.0
35.1
38.6
41.9
46.0
50.0

27.9
31.0
34.0
39.1
42.9
47.0
52.1
56.9
63.0
24.8
27.4
30.2
34.0
38.1
40.9
45.0
49.0
53.1
57.9
63.0
69.1
75.9
83.1
89.9

15.2

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
84
94
102
114
129
143
10
159
182
201
221
247
271
302
146
27
161
178
194
217
235
258
14
281
307
336
368
407
448
494
539

Sizes identical to British UB


758.0
766.0
779.0
785.1
793.0
801.1
809.0
817.1
825.0
835.2
773.0
779.0
785.9
795.0
802.9
813.1
823.0
833.
843.
855.0
868.9
882.9
898.9

266.0
13.8
19.3
Sizes identical to British UB
267.0
14.9
23.6
Sizes identical to British UB
266.2
16.5
30.0
268.1
18.5
33.0
270.1
20.6
37.1
272.7
23.1
40.9
274.6
24.9
44.9
276.6
26.9
49.0
279.1
29.5
53.1
281.7
32.0
57.9
381.0
16.6
27.1
382.0
18.0
30.1
383.7
19.7
33.4
382.0
21.1
38.1
384.9
23.6
41.9
387.4
25.9
47.0
390.4
29.0
52.1
393.
31.5
56.9
396.
34.5
62.0
399.4
38.1
68.1
403.0
41.4
74.9
406.9
45.5
82.0
411.5
50.0
89.9

16.5
16.5
10

30
16.5

15

90
99
108
116
124
132
148
165
185
207
226
246
269
295
173
191
211
235
261
292
326
357
391
433
477
526
581

Page 32

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
176
194
210
226
251
278
292
304
326
361
403
448
494
537
838
299
329
359
391
433
473
400
527
576
631
696
766
844
921

305

914

419

14/01/09

201
224
238
253
271
289
313
345
381
425
474
521
576
343
365
388
417
446
488
534
585
653
722
784
875
967
1071
1188
1262

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h

Sizes identical to British UB


845.8
859.0
865.1
871.2
877.1
885.0
895.1
905.3
914.9
925.1
855.5
861.8
868.2
877.1
885.0
893.1
903.0
913.0
923.0
935.0
948.9
962.9
977.1

293.0
15.4
24.4
Sizes identical to British UB
292.1
17.0
31.0
294.1
19.1
34.0
295.7
20.6
37.1
297.2
22.1
39.9
299.6
24.4
43.9
302.4
26.9
49.0
305.4
30.0
54.1
308.5
33.0
58.9
311.4
35.5
64.0
399.9
18.2
29.2
401.4
19.7
32.4
402.8
21.1
35.6
401.4
22.1
39.9
404.0
24.4
43.9
406.0
26.4
48.0
409.0
29.5
53.1
411.0
32.0
57.9
414.4
35.0
63.0
418.0
38.6
69.1
421.4
41.9
75.9
425.5
46.0
83.1
429.5
50.0
89.9

17.8

17.8

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
118
130
141
152
169
187
11
204
219
243
271
301
332
361
33
201
221
241
263
291
318
15
354
387
424
468
515
567
619

Sizes identical to British UB


914.7
922.8
931.9
943.
951.
960.9
970.8
980.7
992.9
916.4
927.6
933.2
942.
950.
960.
972.
984.0
996.
1011.9
1028.
1046.2
1066.
1078.

304.8
16.5
25.9
Sizes identical to British UB
306.7
18.4
30.0
Sizes identical to British UB
309.4
21.1
34.5
308.
22.1
39.9
310.
24.4
43.9
312.8
26.9
49.0
315.7
30.0
54.1
318.8
33.0
58.9
321.8
36.1
65.0
Sizes identical to British UB
419.4
20.3
34.3
Sizes identical to British UB
421.5
22.5
39.9
423.0
24.0
42.7
422.
25.9
47.0
425.
28.4
51.1
427.
31.0
55.9
431.
34.5
62.0
434.5
38.1
43.4
437.
40.9
73.9
442.0
45.5
82.0
446.
50.0
89.9
451.5
55.0
99.1
457.
60.5 109.0
461.
64.0 115.1

19.1
19.1
12

19.1

24.1

36

16
24.1

135
150
160
170
182
194
210
232
256
285
318
349
386
230
245
260
280
300
328
359
393
439
485
527
588
650
720
798
848

Page 33

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

W Nominal Sizes
(metric)
H
B
W
222
249
272
314
349
393
305
415
437
487
494
534
584
693
259
296
321
371
412
1016
443
478
483
539
406
554
591
642
647
714
748
790
883
975
286
329
363
457
399
444
488

305
1118
406

14/01/09

295
333
369
424
343
390
433
499

Version 05.05

Sizes [mm]
h

Sizes identical to British UB


Sizes identical to European HEA 1000
Sizes identical to European HEB 1000
Sizes identical to European HEM 1000
Sizes identical to British UB
1020.
304.
26.0
46.0
30.0
Sizes identical to British UB
1036.
1046.
1056.
1078.0
970.3
982.2
990.1
1000.3
1008.1
1012.
1017.5
1020.
1030.
1032.0
1040.
1048.
1050.0
1062.0
1068.
1075.4
1091.9
1108.0
970.3
982.2
992.1
1000.0
1008.1
1016.0

1090.
1100.
1108.
1118.
1090.
1100.
1108.
1118.

309.
311.4
314.
321.0
400.0
400.0
400.0
400.0
402.1
402.
404.1
404.
407.
407.9
409.
412.
412.5
415.5
417.
419.4
423.9
428.5
449.8
449.8
449.8
450.8
452.9
454.9

300.0
400.
400.
402.
405.

31.0
33.0
36.0
42.5
16.5
16.5
16.5
19.1
21.1
23.6
25.4
25.4
28.4
29.5
31.0
34.0
34.0
36.8
39.0
40.9
45.5
50.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
19.1
21.1
23.1

54.0
58.9
64.0
74.9
21.1
26.9
31.0
36.1
39.9
41.9
45.0
46.0
51.1
52.1
55.9
60.0
61.0
67.1
70.0
73.9
82.0
89.9
21.1
27.0
32.0
35.9
39.9
43.9

18.0
20.0
22.0
26.0
18.0
20.0
22.0
26.0

31.0
36.0
40.0
45.0
31.0
36.0
40.0
45.0

30.0

W Nominal Sizes
(imperial)
H
B
W
149
167
183
211
235
264
12
278
294
327
331
359
392
466
174
199
215
249
277
40
297
321
324
362
16
372
397
431
435
480
503
531
593
655
192
221
244
18
268
298
328

12
20.0

44
16

198
224
248
285
230
262
290
335

Page 34

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.3.2 Standard S-Shapes

The sizes of standard American S-shapes with sloping


flanges comply with Spec. ASTM A6/A6M (Ref./4/).
S shapes are characterized by a inner flange slope equal
to 1/6.
The average thickness e is measured at the middle of
the clear half-flange at the distance(b-a)/4 from the free
edge.

Figure 2-21 American S Shapes [from Ref./5/]

S Nominal
Sizes
(metric)
H
W
75
100
130
150
175
200
250

310

380
460

510

610

14/01/09

8
11
11
14
15
37
18
26
23
30
27
34
38
52
47
52
61
74
64
74
81
104
98
112
128
143
119
134
149
158
180

Sizes [mm]
h
76.2
101.6
127.
152.4
177.8
203.2
254.

304.8

381.
457.2
508.
515.6
609.6
622.3

b
59.2
63.7
67.6
71.0
76.3
83.4
84.6
90.6
93.0
98.0
101.6
105.9
118.4
125.6
127.0
129.0
133.4
139.1
139.7
143.5
152.4
158.8
158.9
162.2
179.3
182.9
177.8
181.0
184.0
199.9
204.5

a
4.3
8.9
4.9
8.3
5.4
12.6
5.9
11.8
6.4
11.4
6.9
11.2
7.9
15.1
8.9
10.9
11.7
17.4
10.4
14.
11.7
18.1
12.8
16.1
16.8
20.3
12.7
15.9
18.9
15.7
20.3

r1

7.9
8.5
7.9
8.5
8.5
9.5
8.5
9.5

r2
2.1
3.8
4.1
4.8
4.9
5.
4.9
5.
5.
5.2
5.
5.2

6.6

7.

7.4

7.5

12.5

10.5

6.

13.8

11.5

6.5

16.7

14.

6.5

15.8

13.

6.5
7.8

17.6

14.5

9.

15.

9.4

15.5

9.6

8.3
9.1
9.9
10.8

20.2
23.4
22.1
27.7

S Nominal
Sizes
(imperial)
H
W
5.7
3
7.5
7.7
4
9.5
10
5
14.7
12.5
6
17.2
15.3
7
20
18.4
8
23
25.4
10
35
31.8
35
12
40.8
50
42.9
15
50
54.7
18
70
66
75
20
86
96
80
90
24
100
106
121

Page 35

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.3.3 M Shapes
The letter M designates shapes that cannot be classified as W, HP or S shapes and are only available from a
limited number of producers, or are infrequently rolled.
Since the slope on their inner flange surfaces may vary for each producer, this program assumes that the profile
has parallel flanges with constant thickness equal to the average thickness.
M Nominal
Sizes
(metric)
H
W
102
19
127
28
152
7
152
30
203
10
254
13
305
18
356
27

Sizes [mm]
h
101.6
127.0
152.4
152.4
203.2
254.0
304.8
355.6

b
100.1
127.1
46.8
150.8
57.9
77.85
59.2
101.6

a
6.45
8.03
3.66
6.35
3.43
3.99
4.50
5.46

e
9.42
10.57
4.34
9.63
4.80
5.23
5.71
6.86

r
8.
8.
8.5
8.5
9.
9.5
10.5
11.5

M Nominal
Sizes
(imperial)
H
W
4
13
5
18.9
6
4.4
6
20
8
6.5
10
9
12
11.8
14
18

2.5.3.4 HP Sections

Figure 2-22 American HP Section [from Ref./5/]


HP Section
(metric)
H
W
43
200
53
62
250
85
79
93
310
110
125
132
108
132
360
152
174

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
h

Identical to European HP
246.
254.
299.
303.
308.
312.
314.
346.
351.
356.
361.

256.
260.
306.
308.
310.
312.
313.
370.
373.
376.
378.

10.5
14.4
11.
13.1
15.4
17.4
18.3
12.8
15.6
17.9
20.4

10.7
14.4
11.
13.1
15.5
17.4
18.3
12.8
15.6
17.9
20.4

13.

15.

Page 36

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.4 Japanese Sections


2.5.4.1 Wide Flange Sections

Figure 2-23 Japanese Wide Flange Section [from Ref./26/]


Japanese wide flange shapes generally conform to JFE Tables complemented by a few additions from Ref./5/.
-

WEIGHT
WEIGHT

2.5.4.1.1

WJL
H
W
100
17
125
24
150
31
175
40
50
200
56
64
250
72
82
83
300
93
105

14/01/09

JFE Wide Flange Shapes Catalog (Ref./26/),


ARCELOR Sales Programme (Ref./5/)

Large Flange WJL Shapes

h
100.
125.
150.
175.
200.
200.
244.
250.
250.
294.
300.
300.

b
100.
125.
150.
175.
200.
204.
252.
250.
255.
302.
300.
305.

Sizes [mm]
a
6.
6.5
7.
7.5
8.
12.
11.
9.
14.
12.
10.
15.

WJL
e
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
12.
11.
14.
14.
12.
15.
15.

8.
350

13.
400

W
105
113
129
135
154
140
147
168
172
197
232
283
415
605

h
338.
344.
344.
350.
350.
388.
394.
394.
400.
400.
414.
428.
458.
498.

b
351.
348.
354.
350.
357.
402.
398.
405.
400.
408.
405.
407.
417.
432.

Sizes [mm]
a
13.
10.
16.
12.
19.
15.
11.
18.
13.
21.
18.
20.
30.
45.

e
13.
16.
16.
19.
19.
15.
18.
18.
21.
21.
28.
35.
50.
70.

13.

22.

Page 37

SECELEM

2.5.4.1.2

WJM
H
W
150
21
200
30
250
44
300
56
350
78
400
105
111
500
125

2.5.4.1.3

WJS
H
W
150
14
175
18
18
200
21
25
250
29

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Medium Flange WJM Shapes

h
148.
194.
244.
294.
340.
390.
482.
488.

b
100.
150.
175.
200.
250.
300.
300.
300.

Sizes [mm]
a
6.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
11.

e
9.
9.
11.
12.
14.
16.
15.
18.

r
8.

13.

WJM
W
133
600
147
170
163
700
182
188
800
207
209
241
900
283
304
H

h
582.
588.
594.
692.
700.
792.
800.
890.
900.
912.
918.

b
300.
300.
302.
300.
300.
300.
300.
299.
300.
302.
303.

Sizes [mm]
a
12.
12.
14.
13.
13.
14.
14.
15.
16.
18.
19.

e
17.
20.
23.
20.
24.
22.
26.
23.
28.
34.
37.

h
298.
300.
346.
350.
400.
450.
496.
500.
506.
600.

b
149.
150.
174.
175.
200.
200.
199.
200.
201.
200.

Sizes [mm]
a
5.5
6.5
6.
7.
8.
9.
9.
10.
11.
11.

e
8.
9.
9.
11.
13.
14.
14.
16.
19.
17.

r
13.

18.

Narrow Flange WJS Shapes

h
150.
175.
198.
200.
248.
250.

b
75.
90.
99.
100.
124.
125.

Sizes [mm]
a
5.
5.
4.5
5.5
5.
6.

WJS
e
7.
8.
7.
8.
8.
9.

H
300

8.

350
400
450
500
600

14/01/09

Version 05.05

W
32
37
41
49
65
75
78
88
101
103

13.

Page 38

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.4.2 Heavy H-Columns


These non-standard heavy wide flange sections are only listed in JFE Tables (Ref./ 26/).

Figure 2-24 Japanese Heavy Wide Flange Section [from Ref./26/]

HWJ Section
H
W
235
251
268
283
284
300
400
315

317
400
332
334
349
365
367
382
384

14/01/09

h
418.
418.
418.
428.
418.
428.
438.
428.
438.
428.
438.
448.
438.
448.
438.

b
402.
407.
412.
407.
417.
412.
407.
417.
412.
422.
417.
412.
422.
417.
427.

Sizes [mm]
a
15.
20.
25.
20.
30.
25.
20.
30.
25.
35.
30.
25.
35.
30.
40.

e
30.
30.
30.
35.
30.
35.
40.
35.
40.
35.
40.
45.
40.
45.
40.

22.

HWJ Section
H
W
397
400
415
417
433
435
400
448

451
400
466
469
480
484
487
499
503

h
458.
448.
458.
448.
458.
448.
468.
458.
468.
458.
478.
468.
458.
478.
468.

b
412.
422.
417.
427.
422.
432.
417.
427.
422.
432.
417.
427.
437.
422.
432.

Sizes [mm]
a
25.
35.
30.
40.
35.
45.
30.
40.
35.
45.
30.
40.
50.
35.
45.

e
50.
45.
50.
45.
50.
45.
55.
50.
55.
50.
60.
55.
50.
60.
55.

22.

Page 39

SECELEM

HWJ Section
H
W
518
521
532
537
540
551
555
565
571
574
585
590
593
605
609
619
624
628
638
644
647
658
663
672
400
678

683
400
693
698
702
706
713
718
727
733
738
740
748
752
754
758
761
768
774
782
789
794
795
804
810
815

14/01/09

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

h
478.
468.
488.
478.
468.
488.
478.
498.
488.
478.
498.
488.
478.
498.
488.
508.
498.
488.
508.
498.
488.
508.
498.
518.
508.
498.
518.
508.
498.
528.
518.
508.
528.
518.
508.
538.
528.
518.
518.
508.
538.
528.
518.
538.
528.
518.
548.
538.
528.
518.

b
427.
437.
422.
432.
442.
427.
437.
422.
432.
442.
427.
437.
447.
432.
442.
427.
437.
447.
432.
442.
452.
437.
447.
432.
442.
452.
437.
447.
457.
432.
442.
452.
437.
447.
457.
432.
442.
427.
452.
462.
437.
447.
457.
442.
452.
462.
437.
447.
457.
467.

Sizes [mm]
a
40.
50.
35.
45.
55.
40.
50.
35.
45.
55.
40.
50.
60.
45.
55.
40.
50.
60.
45.
55.
65.
50.
60.
45.
55.
65.
50.
60.
70.
45.
55.
65.
50.
60.
70.
45.
55.
40.
65.
75.
50.
60.
70.
55.
65.
75.
50.
60.
70.
80.

e
60.
55.
65.
60.
55.
65.
60.
70.
65.
60.
70.
65.
60.
70.
65.
75.
70.
65.
75.
70.
65.
75.
70.
80.
75.
70.
80.
75.
70.
85.
80.
75.
85.
80.
75.
90.
85.
80.
80.
75.
90.
85.
80.
90.
85.
80.
95.
90.
85.
80.

22.

HWJ Section
H
W
817
824
831
838
845
851
852
860
867
872
874
882
888
896
903
909
910
918
925
930
931
940
946
953
400
962

966
400
968
976
983
989
998
1005
1012
1020
1025
1035
1042
1048
1057
1072
1080
1084
1094
1108
1117
1131
1145
1155
1168
1192

Version 05.05

h
548.
538.
528.
548.
538.
528.
558.
548.
538.
528.
558.
548.
538.
558.
548.
568.
538.
558.
548.
538.
568.
558.
548.
568.
558.
578.
548.
568.
558.
578.
568.
558.
578.
568.
588.
578.
568.
588.
578.
588.
578.
598.
588.
598.
588.
598.
608.
598.
608.
608.

b
442.
452.
462.
447.
457.
467.
442.
452.
462.
472.
447.
457.
467.
452.
462.
447.
472.
457.
467.
477.
452.
462.
472.
457.
467.
452.
477.
462.
472.
457.
467.
477.
462.
472.
457.
467.
477.
462.
472.
467.
477.
462.
472.
467.
477.
472.
467.
477.
472.
477.

Sizes [mm]
a
55.
65.
75.
60.
70.
80.
55.
65.
75.
85.
60.
70.
80.
65.
75.
60.
85.
70.
80.
90.
65.
75.
85.
70.
80.
65.
90.
75.
85.
70.
80.
90.
75.
85.
70.
80.
90.
75.
85.
80.
90.
75.
85.
80.
90.
85.
80.
90.
85.
90.

e
95.
90.
85.
95.
90.
85.
100.
95.
90.
85.
100.
95.
90.
100.
95.
105.
90.
100.
95.
90.
105.
100.
95.
105.
100.
110.
95.
105.
100.
110.
105.
100.
110.
105.
115.
110.
105.
115.
110.
115.
110.
120.
115.
120.
115.
120.
125.
120.
125.
125.

22.

Page 40

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

HWJ Section
H
W
204
240
260
277
280
297
317
334
337
354
371
375
392
395
412
429
500
433

450
500
454
466
471
488
493
509
514
525
531
548
553
563
570
574
586
592

h
492.
502.
502.
512.
502.
512.
512.
522.
512.
522.
532.
522.
532.
522.
532.
542.
532.
542.
532.
552.
542.
552.
542.
552.
542.
562.
552.
562.
552.
572.
562.
552.
572.
562.

b
465.
465.
470.
465.
475.
470.
475.
470.
480.
475.
470.
480.
475.
485.
480.
475.
485.
480.
490.
475.
485.
480.
490.
485.
495.
480.
490.
485.
495.
480.
490.
500.
485.
495.

348
374
385
412
439
450
477
504
515
542
570
581
609
619
636
647
676
686
704

670.
670.
680.
680.
680.
690.
690.
690.
700.
700.
700.
710.
710.
720.
710.
720.
720.
730.
720.

475.
480.
475.
480.
485.
480.
485.
490.
485.
490.
495.
490.
495.
490.
500.
495.
500.
495.
505.

700

500

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
a
15.
15.
20.
15.
25.
20.
25.
20.
30.
25.
20.
30.
25.
35.
30.
25.
35.
30.
40.
25.
35.
30.
40.
35.
45.
30.
40.
35.
45.
30.
40.
50.
35.
45.

25.
30.
25.
30.
35.
30.
35.
40.
35.
40.
45.
40.
45.
40.
50.
45.
50.
45.
55.

e
20.
25.
25.
30.
25.
30.
30.
35.
30.
35.
40.
35.
40.
35.
40.
45.
40.
45.
40.
50.
45.
50.
45.
50.
45.
55.
50.
55.
50.
60.
55.
50.
60.
55.

30.
30.
35.
35.
35.
40.
40.
40.
45.
45.
45.
50.
50.
55.
50.
55.
55.
60.
55.

26.

26.

Version 05.05

HWJ Section
H
W
608
614
631
636
647
653
669
675
685
692
698
708
715
723
731
738
500
747

755
500
761
762
771
778
786
794
801
810
818
824
834
842
858
865
882
906

h
572.
562.
572.
562.
582.
572.
582.
572.
592.
582.
572.
592.
582.
602.
592.
582.
602.
592.
582.
612.
602.
592.
612.
602.
592.
612.
602.
592.
612.
602.
612.
602.
612.
612.

b
490.
500.
495.
505.
490.
500.
495.
505.
490.
500.
510.
495.
505.
490.
500.
510.
495.
505.
515.
490.
500.
510.
495.
505.
515.
500.
510.
520.
505.
515.
510.
520.
515.
520.

715
744
754
772
783
812
823
842
853
863
882
893
911
922
933
952
962
993

730.
730.
740.
730.
740.
740.
750.
740.
750.
760.
750.
760.
750.
760.
770.
760.
770.
770.

500.
505.
500.
510.
505.
510.
505.
515.
510.
505.
515.
510.
520.
515.
510.
520.
515.
520.

700

500

Sizes [mm]
a
40.
50.
45.
55.
40.
50.
45.
55.
40.
50.
60.
45.
55.
40.
50.
60.
45.
55.
65.
40.
50.
60.
45.
55.
65.
50.
60.
70.
55.
65.
60.
70.
65.
70.

50.
55.
50.
60.
55.
60.
55.
65.
60.
55.
65.
60.
70.
65.
60.
70.
65.
70.

e
60.
55.
60.
55.
65.
60.
65.
60.
70.
65.
60.
70.
65.
75.
70.
65.
75.
70.
65.
80.
75.
70.
80.
75.
70.
80.
75.
70.
80.
75.
80.
75.
80.
80.

60.
60.
65.
60.
65.
65.
70.
65.
70.
75.
70.
75.
70.
75.
80.
75.
80.
80.

26.

26.

Page 41

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.5 Australian Sections


Standard Australian sections are essentially equivalent to their British counterpart from which they may differ by
no more than a tenth of a millimeter.
A few specific sections are however produced locally.
Australian parallel flange sections are identified by their overall height and weight (metric) as either
UBA H W (universal beams),
UCA H W (universal columns).
where the letter A is used in this program to distinguish them from their British counterpart.
The dimensions in the metric system of all Australian shapes listed in the Tables below are obtained from the
ONESTEEL Catalog (Ref./29/).

2.5.5.1 Universal Beams (UBA)


UBA
Nominal
Sizes
H
W
14
150
18
16
180
18
22
18
22
200
25
30
26
250
31
37
32
310
40
46
45
360
51
57
54
410
60
67
460
74
82
82
530
92
101
610
113
125

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
h
150.
155.
173.
175.
179.
198.
202.

b
75.
90.
99.
133.

a
5.0
6.0
4.5
5.0
6.0
4.5
5.0

e
7.0
9.5
7.0
8.0
10.0
7.0
7.0

r
8.0
8.9
11.0
8.9

Sizes identical to British UB 203133W


248.

124.

5.0

8.0

12.0

Sizes identical to British UB 254146W


298.

149.

5.5

8.0

13.0

Sizes identical to British UB 305165W


Sizes identical to British UB 356171W
Sizes identical to British UB 406178W
Sizes identical to British UB 457191W
Sizes identical to British UB 533210W
Sizes identical to British UB 610229W

Page 42

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.5.2 Universal Columns (UCA)


UCA
Nominal
Sizes
H
W
100
15
23
150
30
37
46
52
200
60
73
250
89
97
118
310
137
158

Sizes [mm]
h
97.

b
99.

a
5.0

e
7.0

r
10.0

Sizes identical to British UC 152152W

Sizes identical to British UC 203203W


Sizes identical to British UC 254254W

Sizes identical to British UC 305305W

2.5.5.3 TFB Tapered Flange Beams

Figure 2-25 TFB Tapered Flange Beam [from Ref./29/]


The slope of the inner flange of TFB beams corresponds to an angle of 8.0 deg.
The average thickness e is measured at the middle of the clear half-flange at the distance(b-a)/4 from the free
edge.
TFB
100
125

14/01/09

h
100.
125.

b
45.
65.

Sizes [mm]
a
e
4.0
6.0
5.0
8.5

r1
7.0
8.0

r2
3.0
4.0

Page 43

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.5.4 Universal Bearing Piles (UBPA)


UBPA
Nominal
Sizes
H
W
200
122
79
310
110
149

Sizes [mm]
h
230.

b
220.

a
25.0

e
25.0

r
11.4

Sizes identical to British UBP 305305W

2.5.6 Southern African Sections


Standard parallel flange Southern-African sections are identical to their British UB counterpart (though only
embracing a narrower range), and to a lesser extent include also small European IPEs or IPAs.
The only few specific sections listed in the Table below consist of tapered flange I-shapes recognized in this
program as TSA. The sizes are obtained from the SAISC spreadsheet (Ref./32/) plus two additions from Ref./ 6/.
TSA
H
W
127
13
152
17
178
22
25
203
52
254
59
305
66

h
127.
152.4
177.8
203.2
254.
305.

Sizes [mm]
a
e
r1
4.5
7.6
7.9
4.9
8.3
5.3
9.0
101.6
9.4
5.8
10.4
Sizes identical to British RSJ 20352
9.1
18.0
152.
15.5
10.2
18.2
b
76.2
88.9

r2
2.4
3.2

7.6

The slope of the inner flange is equal to

5 deg for I-shapes up to and including TSA 20325


8 deg from TSA 20352 and beyond.
The average thickness e is measured at the middle of the clear half-flange at the distance(b-a)/4 from the free
edge.

14/01/09

Page 44

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.7 Indian Sections


The dimensions of Indian shapes comply with Ref./22/ in terms of flange and web sizes.
The root radius is approximated by comparison to international profiles having similar sizes in order to best match
the area and elastic modulus of the section shown in the Tables of Ref./23/.

2.5.7.1 Wide Flange ISWB Beams


ISWB
Nominal
Sizes
H
W
150
17
175
22
200
29
225
34
250
41
300
48
350
57
400
67
450
79
95
500
112
134
600
145

Sizes [mm]
h
150.
175.
200.
225.
250.
300.
350.
400.
450.

b
100.
125.
140.
150.

200.

500.
250.
600.

a
5.4
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
7.4
8.0
8.6
9.2
9.9
10.5
11.2
11.8

e
7.0
7.4
9.0
9.9
9.0
10.0
11.4
13.0
15.4
14.7
17.6
21.3
23.6

7.

8.
9.

10.

2.5.7.2 Medium Flange ISMB Beams


ISMB
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600

14/01/09

h
100.
125.
150.
175.
200.
225.
250.
300.
350.
400.
450.
500.
550.
600.

Sizes [mm]
a
4.0
75.
4.4
80.
4.8
90.
5.5
100.
5.7
110.
6.5
125.
6.9
7.5
140.
8.1
8.9
150.
9.4
180.
10.2
190.
11.2
210.
12.0
b

e
7.2
7.6
7.6
8.6
10.8
11.8
12.5
12.4
14.2
16.0
17.4
17.2
19.3
20.8

7.

8.
9.
10.

Page 45

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.7.3 Narrow Flange ISLB Beams


ISLB
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
400
450
500
550
600

Sizes [mm]
a
3.7
50.
4.0
75.
4.4
80.
4.8
90.
5.1
5.4
100.
5.8
125.
6.1
140.
6.4
150.
6.7
7.0
165.
7.4
8.
170.
8.6
180.
9.2
190.
9.9
210.
10.5

h
75.
100.
125.
150.
175.
200.
225.
250.
275.
300.
325.
350.
400.
450.
500.
550.
600.

e
5.0
6.4
6.5
6.8
6.9
7.3
8.6
8.2
8.8
9.4
9.8
11.4
12.5
13.4
14.1
15.0
15.5

r
6.

7.

8.
9.

10.

2.5.7.4 ISHB Columns


ISHB
Nominal
Sizes
H
W
27
150
31
35
37
200
40
43
225
47
51
250
55
59
300
63
67
350
72
77
400
82
87
450
92

Sizes [mm]
h

150.

150.

200.

200.

225.

225.

250.
300.
350.

250.

400.
450.

a
5.4
8.4
11.8
6.1
7.8
6.5
8.6
6.9
8.8
7.6
9.4
8.3
10.1
9.1
10.6
9.8
11.3

9.0
7.
9.1
9.7
10.6
8.
11.6
12.7
9.
13.7

2.5.7.5 ISJB Joists


ISJB
150
175
200
225

14/01/09

h
150.
175.
200.
225.

Sizes [mm]
a

50.

3.0

4.6

60.
80.

3.4
3.7

5.0

r
6.

Page 46

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.7.6 ISMC Shapes


ISMC
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
300
350
400

h
75.
100.
125.
150.
175.
200.
225.
250.
300.
350.
400.

b
40.
50.
65.
75.
75.
75.
80.
80.
90.
100.
100.

Sizes [mm]
a
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.4
5.7
6.1
6.4
7.1
7.6
8.1
8.6

e
7.3
7.5
8.1
9.0
10.2
11.4
12.4
14.1
13.6
13.5
15.3

h
75.
100.
125.
150.
175.
200.
225.
250.
300.
350.
400.

b
40.
50.
65.
75.
75.
75.
90.
100.
100.
100.
100.

Sizes [mm]
a
3.7
4.0
4.4
4.8
5.1
5.5
5.8
6.1
6.7
7.4
8.0

e
6.0
6.4
6.6
7.8
9.5
10.8
10.2
10.7
11.6
12.5
14.0

h
100.
125.
150.
175.
200.

b
45.
50.
55.
60.
70.

Sizes [mm]
a
3.0
3.0
3.6
3.6
4.1

e
5.1
6.6
6.9
6.9
7.1

7.

8.
9.
10.

2.5.7.7 ISLC Shapes


ISLC
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
300
350
400

6.

7.
8.
9.

2.5.7.8 ISJC Shapes


ISJC
100
125
150
175
200

14/01/09

r
6.
7.
8.

Page 47

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.8 Russian Sections


The dimensions of Russian hot-rolled shapes comply with Ref./20/. The following correspondence has been
established between the designation of a particular shape in SECELEM and its original reference in Ref./20/ in
an attempt to maintain some consistency with the nomenclature implemented in other Codes.

nominal height
narrow flange beam
wide flange beam
column
alternate
class

GOST 26020
in centimeters
xx?
xx?
xx?
xx? ? a n d x x ? ?
1, 2, 3, 4

SECELEM
in millimeters
GSTB
GSTW
GSTK
GSTD
nominal weight (in Kg/m)

2.5.8.1 Narrow Flange Beams


GSTB
H
W
100
8
9
120
10
11
140
13
13
160
16
15
180
19
200
22
230
26
28
260
31
33
300
37
39
350
43
48
400
55
60
450
67
73
500
81
89
550
98
106
600
116
129
700
144
159
800
178
194
900
214
231
258
1000
286
314

14/01/09

h
100.
117.6
120.
137.4
140.
157.
160.
177.
180.
200.
230.
258.
261.
296.
299.
346.
349.
392.
396.
443.
447.
492.
496.
543.
547.
593.
597.
691.
697.
791.
798.
893.
900.
990.
998.
1006.
1013.

Sizes [mm]
a
4.1
3.8
64.
4.4
3.8
73.
4.7
4.0
82.
5.0
4.3
91.
5.3
100.
5.6
110.
5.6
5.8
120.
6.0
5.8
140.
6.0
6.2
155.
6.5
7.0
165.
7.5
7.8
180.
8.4
8.8
200.
9.2
9.5
220.
10.0
10.5
230.
11.0
12.0
260.
12.5
13.5
280.
14.0
15.0
300.
15.5
16.0
17.0
320.
18.0
19.5
b
55.

e
5.7
5.1
6.3
5.6
6.9
5.9
7.4
6.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
8.5
10.0
8.5
10.0
8.5
10.0
9.5
11.5
11.0
13.0
12.0
14.0
13.5
15.5
15.5
17.5
15.5
18.5
17.0
20.5
18.5
22.0
21.0
25.0
29.0
32.5

7.

9.

12.

15.
18.

21.

24.

26.

30.

Page 48

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

Figure 2-26 Russian Hot-Rolled Shape with Parallel Flanges [from Ref./20/]

2.5.8.2 Wide Flange Beams


GSTW
H
W
200
30
230
36
43
260
49
54
300
61
68
75
350
82
91
96
111
400
123
114
139
500
156
174
142
177
600
205
234
170
198
700
235
261
306

14/01/09

h
193.
226.
251.
255.
291.
295.
299.
338.
341.
345.
388.
392.
396.
484.
489.
495.
501.
580.
587.
595.
603.
683.
691.
700.
708.
718.

Sizes [mm]
a
6.0
6.5
7.0
180.
7.5
8.0
200.
8.5
9.0
9.5
250.
10.0
10.5
9.5
11.5
12.5
11.0
300.
14.5
15.5
16.5
12.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
320.
13.5
15.0
18.0
20.5
23.0
b
150.
155.

e
9.0
10.0
10.0
12.0
11.0
13.0
15.0
12.5
14.0
16.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
15.0
17.5
20.5
23.5
17.0
20.5
24.5
28.5
19.0
23.0
27.5
31.5
36.5

r
13.
14.
16.
18.

20.

22.

26.

28.

30.

Page 49

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.5.8.3 Columns
GSTK
H
200
230
260

300

350

400

W
41
47
52
59
65
73
83
85
96
109
110
126
144
138
166
202
242
291

h
195.
198.
227.
230.
255.
258.
262.
296.
300.
304.
343.
348.
353.
393.
400.
409.
419.
431.

Sizes [mm]
a
6.5
200.
7.0
7.0
240.
8.0
8.0
260.
9.0
10.0
9.0
300.
10.0
11.5
10.0
350.
11.0
13.0
11.0
13.0
400.
16.0
19.0
23.0

e
10.0
11.5
10.5
12.0
12.0
13.5
15.5
13.5
15.5
17.5
15.0
17.5
20.0
16.5
20.0
24.5
29.5
35.5

h
239.
269.
360.
349.
399.
450.
450.0
300.6
397.6
496.2

Sizes [mm]
b
a
115.
5.5
125.
6.0
145.
7.2
127.
5.8
139.
6.2
152.
7.4
180.0
7.6
201.9
9.4
302.0
11.5
303.8
14.2

e
9.3
9.5
12.3
8.5
9.0
11.0
13.3
16.0
18.7
21.0

r
13.
14.
16.

18.

20.

22.

2.5.8.4 Alternate Beam-Columns


GSTD
H
W
240
28
270
32
360
49
350
34
400
40
450
53
450
65
300
73
400
124
500
155

r
15.
18.
15.
18.
22.
26.

2.5.8.5 Tapered Flange Beams

Tapered flange I-beams are in this program designated


by GSTS (the S meaning slope) and are identified by
their height (in millimeters) exclusively.

Figure 2-27 Russian Hot-Rolled Shape


with Tapered Flanges

14/01/09

Page 50

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

GSTS
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
270
300
330
360
400
450
500
550
600

h
100.
120.
140.
160.
180.
200.
220.
240.
270.
300.
330.
360.
400.
450.
500.
550.
600.

b
55.
64.
73.
81.
90.
100.
110.
115.
125.
135.
140.
145.
155.
160.
170.
180.
190.

Sizes [mm]
a
e
4.5
7.2
4.8
7.3
4.9
7.5
5.0
7.8
5.1
8.1
5.2
8.4
5.4
8.7
5.6
9.5
6.0
9.8
6.5
10.2
7.0
11.2
7.5
12.3
8.3
13.0
9.0
14.2
10.0
15.2
11.0
16.5
12.0
17.8

Version 05.05

r1
7.
7.5
8.
8.5
9.
9.5
10.
10.5
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
20.

r2
2.5
3.
3.5
4.
4.5
5.
6.
7.
8.

Figure 2-28 Stockpiled Rolled Shapes on Goldeneye Project [courtesy SHELL EXPRO UK]

14/01/09

Page 51

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.6 Korean Sections


The sizes of Korean wide-flange and bearing piles sections corresponding to Korean standard KS-D-3502
(Ref./27/) are listed in the INISTEEL Catalog (Ref./ 24/).

2.6.1 Wide Flange Sections


Korean wide flange sections reproduce to a large extent the standard Japanese wide, medium and narrow flange
sections. Only specific Korean shapes are listed in this section.
KSWF Section
H
B
W
200
200
66
250
250
67
200
65
87
300
106
300
130
142
340
250
69
350
175
58
57
200
75
400
300
94
400
200
200
66
450
106
300
124
95
600
200
120
134
700
300
215
800
300
241

h
208.0
248.0
298.0
298.0
304.0
310.0
310.0
336.0
354.0
396.0
404.0
386.0
406.0
446.0
434.0
440.0
596.0
606.0
612.0
708.0
808.0

Sizes [mm]
b
a
202.0
10.0
249.0
8.0
201.0
9.0
299.0
9.0
301.0
11.0
305.0
15.0
310.0
20.0
249.0
8.0
176.0
8.0
199.0
7.0
201.0
9.0
299.0
9.0
403.0
16.0
199.0
8.0
299.0
10.0
300.0
11.0
199.0
10.0
201.0
12.0
202.0
13.0
302.0
15.0
302.0
16.0

e
16.0
13.0
14.0
14.0
17.0
20.0
20.0
12.0
13.0
11.0
15.0
14.0
24.0
12.0
15.0
18.0
15.0
20.0
23.0
28.0
30.0

r
13.0
16.0

18.0

20.0
14.0
16.0
22.0
18.0
24.0
22.0
28.0

2.6.2 Bearing Piles


KSHP
Section
H
W
200
56
64
250
82
84
300
94
106
106
131
350
137
156
140
168
172
400
197
232
283

14/01/09

Sizes [mm]
h
200.0
244.0
250.0
294.0
300.0
300.0
338.0
344.0
350.0
350.0
388.0
394.0
400.0
400.0
414.0
428.0

b
204.0
252.0
255.0
302.0
300.0
305.0
351.0
354.0
350.0
357.0
402.0
405.0
400.0
408.0
405.0
407.0

a
12.0
11.0
14.0
12.0
10.0
15.0
13.0
16.0
12.0
19.0
15.0
18.0
13.0
21.0
18.0
20.0

e
12.0
11.0
14.0
12.0
15.0
15.0
13.0
16.0
19.0
19.0
15.0
18.0
21.0
21.0
28.0
35.0

r
13.0
16.0
18.0

20.0

22.0

Page 52

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

2.7 Characteristic Buckling Resistance


2.7.1 Buckling Curve
The characteristic buckling resistance of a compression member is given by most codes (NPD, DnV, NS) as a
function of the reduced slenderness = F / E , where E is the elastic buckling resistance for the buckling
mode under consideration.
A compression member is defined as "stocky" if the reduced slenderness with respect to the critical column
buckling mode is less than 0.2.
The non-dimensional expression of the buckling curves is given by Ayrton-Perrys formula
2
cr 1 + ( 0 ) +
=
F

[1 + ( ) + ]

2 2

42

2 2

[17]

where 0 =0.2 for beam sections.

2.7.2 Cross-Section Types


The value of the coefficient depends on the type of cross-section and its fabrication procedure.
The three most common types (A, B and C) refer to the following cross-sections
Section
Type
tubes, hollow sections
rolled I and H profiles
welded I and H profiles
rolled I and H profiles
stress-relieved I and H profiles
box sections

Fabrication
Process
hot rolled
cold formed
h/b > 1.2
h/b < 1.2
flame cut flanges
rolled flanges
welded flange cover plates
welded box
heavy welds and b/t < 30
stress relieved

Curve for Buckling / Axis


Weak
Strong
A
A
A
A
B
A
C
B
B
B
C
B
A
B
B
A
B
B
C
C
A
A

Figure 2-29 Stockpiled IPN Sections

14/01/09

Page 53

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

3 VARIABLES AND UNITS


Text

Program

Description

Unit

material density
tube outer diameter
tube wall thickness
flange width (I-beam & box only)
flange thickness (I-beam & box only)
section height (I-beam & box only)
web thickness (I-beam & box only)
root radius (I-beam & box only)
distance between web centerlines (box only)

t/m3
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

3.1 Input Data


w
D
t
b
e
H
a
r
d

w
D
t
b
e
h
a
r
d

Figure 3-1 Two-Strand Jumbo Beam Blank Caster


[courtesy VOEST-ALPINE Industrieanlagenbau (VAI)]

14/01/09

Page 54

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

3.2 Default Values


w = 7.85

[t/m3 ]

(steel)

3.3 Output Data


AX
WY
WZ
JX
IY
IZ
CW
CX
AY
AZ
rT
rY
rZ
ss
SY
SZ
q
AL
AG

Ax
Wy
Wz
Jx
Iy
Iz
Cw
Cx
Ay
Az
rt
ry
rz
ss
Sy
Sz
q
Al
Ag

section area
elastic section modulus about strong axis
elastic section modulus about weak axis
torsional inertia
inertia about strong axis
inertia about weak axis
warping constant
torsion modulus of a tube
shear area along weak axis
shear area along strong axis
gyration radius of flange plus one-third of web in compression (AISC)
gyration radius about strong axis
gyration radius about weak axis
length of stiff bearing
plastic section modulus about strong axis
plastic section modulus about weak axis
mass of beam per unit length
painting surface per unit length
painting surface per unit mass

m2
m3
m3
m4
m4
m4
m6
m3
m2
m2
m
m
m
m
m3
m3
t/m
m2 / m
m2 /t

Figure 3-2 Steel Beam

14/01/09

Page 55

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

4 OPERATING LIMITS AND WARNINGS


4.1 Selection of Standard Shapes
In the event that nominal sizes are specified at random by the User, the program always selects the standard shape
with sizes equal or lesser that best suit the description.
W 380 400 173
W 356 368 162

For example an American wide flange specified as


will automatically be corrected by the program to

4.2 Interface with GTSTRUDL


This routine generates as file SECELEM.GTS the section properties of I-beams exclusively (rolled or welded) in
a format compatible with the GTTABLE pre-processor to the mainframe program GTSTRUDL.
Under these circumstances the dimensions of the section in SECELEM must imperatively be input in meters, in
order that the GTTABLE output is provided in centimeters.
The format of the GTTABLE output is as follows
UNITS CENTIMETERS
$$
ADD ITEMS
'AX'
'YD'
'RY'
$$
'IPROFILE'
XX.XX
XX.XXX
X.XXX

'AY'
'ZD'
'RZ'
XX.XX
XX.XXX
XX.XXX

'AZ'
'YC'
'INTYD'
XX.XX
XX.XXX
XX.XXX

'IX'
'ZC'
'BF/2TF'

'IY'
'EY'
'D/TW'

'IZ'
'EZ'
'RT'

XX.XX XXXXX.X
XXXXX.X
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXXX
XX.XXX
X.XXX

'SY'
'FLTK'
'YD/AFL'
XXX.X
X.XXX
X.XXX

'SZ'
'WBTK' -

XXX.X
X.XXX

4.3 Radius of Gyration with Respect to Torsional Buckling


For doubly symmetrical I-sections with horizontal flanges
The effective radius of gyration defined in Section 2.2.3 becomes

I Z ( h + e) 2
4
I
(
h
+
e)
rT2 = Z
WY
CW

And may be approximated accurately as the radius of gyration of a section comprising the compression flange
plus 1/6th of the web area, taken about an axis in the plan of the web.
b
rT =
1 ah

12 1 +
6 be

14/01/09

Page 56

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

5 ASSOCIATED ROUTINES
5.1 Upstream
None

5.2 Downstream
SECELEM is called as subroutine by the following programs
-

UNEQISEC
SECASD
SECLRFD
SECBS595
SECCM66
SECNS
MONORAIL
TWISTIBM
CIRIGIRD

Properties of I-Sections with Unequal Flanges


AISC-ASD/API-WSD Section Code Check
AISC/API LRFD Section Code Check
Section Check according to BS 5950 Rules
CM66 Section Code Check
Section Check according to NS 3472E (2nd ed.) Rules
Bending Stresses in Overhanging Monorails
Torsion in a Straight I-Beam Loaded by Torques
Circular I-Girder Loaded Perpendicularly to its Plan

Figure 5-1 End Quay Stools Supporting Dunbar Topside Skidway [courtesy TOTAL]

14/01/09

Page 57

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

6 REFERENCES & BIBLIOGRAPHY


6.1 References
1.

2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

16.
17.
18.
19.

20.
21.

22.

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (AISC) - Specifications for the Design,


Fabrication and Erection of Structural Steel for Buildings - Allowable Stress Design (9th edition), Chicago,
Illinois [1991]
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (AISC) Availability of Structural Steel Shapes /
Modern Steel Construction, Chicago, Illinois [Jan2002]
AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE (API) Specification for Line Pipe / Specification 5L (41st
edition) [Apr1995]
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS (ASTM) General Requirements for Rolled
Steel Plates, Shapes, Sheet Piling and Bars for Structural Use / Spec. ASTM A6/A6M-05, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania [Apr2005]
ARCELOR (EUROPROFIL ARBED) Sales Programme : Structural Shapes [Jan1993, Mar2001 &
Jan2005]
ASSOCIATION FRANAISE DE NORMALISATION (AFNOR) Poutrelles Larges Ailes Faces
Parallles: Dimensions / Spec. NF A 45-201 [Sep1983]
ASSOCIATION FRANAISE DE NORMALISATION (AFNOR) Poutrelles IPE: Poutrelles Ailes
Parallles / Spec. NF A 45-205 [Sep1983]
ASSOCIATION FRANAISE DE NORMALISATION (AFNOR) Poutrelles IPN: Dimensions / Spec. NF
A 45-209 [Sep1983]
BAUER ENGINEERING I-Section Taper Flange SABS Sections (spreadsheet)
BRITISH STANDARD INSTITUTION (BSI) - Structural Steel Sections: Specification for Hot-Rolled
Sections / Standard BS 4-1 [1993]
BRITISH STEEL British Steel Manual On-Line / Website www.civl.port.ac.uk/britishsteel
BROCKENBROUGH, R.L. AISC Rehabilitation and Retrofit Guide: A Reference for Historic Shapes and
Specifications / AISC Design Guide #15 [2002] & Corrections [May2002]
CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (CISC) Handbook of Steel Construction / 1st
edition (2nd printing) [Dec1967]
CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (CISC) W Shapes Availability [Aug2004]
CENTRE TECHNIQUE INDUSTRIEL DE LA CONSTRUCTION MTALLIQUE (CTICM) Geometrical
Properties of I, H, or IPN or UPN Rolled Sections / Connections Design and Detailing: Procedure Guide,
EUREKA EU130 CIMSTEEL [Aug1995]
CORUS CONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIAL Structural Sections to BS4: Part 1: 1993 and BS EN
10056: 1999 [2003]
CORUS CONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIAL Structural Sections in Accordance With ASTM
Specifications Metric [2003]
DEUTSCHES INSTITUT FR NORMUNG (DIN) Formstahl, Warmgewalzte I-Trger, Breite I-Trger,
IPB und IB-Reihe, Mae, Gewichte, Zulssige Abweichungen, Statische Werte / DIN 1025-1 [1963]
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION (CEN) Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structures
Part 1.1: General Rules and Rules for Buildings / European Prestandard ENV 1993-1-1 [Apr1992] & Annex
G : Design for Torsion Resistance [Aug1998]
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ??? (????) ???????? ???????? ?????????????
(Hot-Rolled Steel Flange-Beams: Rolling Products) / Spec. GOST 8239-89 [Jul1990]
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ??? (????) ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?
????????????? ??????? ????? : ????????? ( Hot-Rolled Steel I-Beam with Parallel Flange Edges :
Dimensions) / Spec. GOST 26020 [Dec1983]
INDIAN STANDARD Dimensions for Hot-Rolled Steel Beam, Channel and Angle Sections / Standard IS
808 (3rd edition) [1989]

14/01/09

Page 58

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

23. INDIAN STANDARD Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel / Draft Standard IS 800 (3rd
edition) [Oct2004]
24. INISTEEL Products Guide / Incheon, Korea
25. JAPANESE STANDARD Dimensions, Mass and Permissible Variations of Hot Rolled Steel Sections /
Standard JIS G 3192 [2000]
26. JFE STEEL CORPORATION Wide Flange Shapes
27. KOREAN INDUSTRIAL STANDARDS ASSOCIATION Dimensions, Weights and Tolerances of HotRolled Steel Sections / Standard KS-D-3502
28. OFFICE TECHNIQUE POUR LUTILISATION DE LACIER (OTUA) Produits Sidrurgiques;
Caractristiques Dimensionnelles [1993]
29. ONESTEEL Ltd Hot-Rolled Shapes Section Properties (3rd edition) [Dec2003]
30. SEABURG, P.A. & Carter C.J. Torsional Analysis of Structural Steel Members / AISC Steel Design Guide
Series No 9
31. SKYLINE STEEL - Delivery Conditions and Tolerances [Nov2003]
32. SOUTHERN AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (SAISC) Database of Structural
Steel Sections (spreadsheet)
33. YOUNG, W.C. - Roark's Formulas for Stress and Strain / McGraw Hill (6th edition) [1989]

Figure 6-1 Plate Girder Assembly & Welding [courtesy EIFFEL]

14/01/09

Page 59

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

6.2 Bibliography
34. AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (AISC) Changes to T, k and k 1 Dimensions for
W-Shapes / AISC Advisory [Feb2001]
35. BORNSCHEUER, F.W. & ANHEUSER, L. Tafeln der Torsionskenngrssen fr die Walzprofile der DIN1025-1027 / Der Stahlbau [Mar1961]
36. CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (CISC) Canadian Steel Construction / 2nd
edition [Nov1940]
37. CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (CISC) Torsional Section Properties of Steel
Shapes [Aug2002]
38. CASSIE, W.F. & DOBIE, W.B. The Torsional Stiffness of Structural Sections / The Structural Engineer
[Mar1948]
39. CORUS CONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIAL Structural Sections in Accordance With European
Specifications [2003]
40. CORUS CONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIAL Structural Sections in Accordance With ASTM
Specifications Imperial [2003]
41. CORUS CONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIAL Jumbo Sections [2004]
42. CORUS CONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIAL European Structural Steel Standard EN 10025: 2004
Explanation and Comparison to Previous Standards [2004]
43. DARWISH, I.A. & JOHNSTON, B.G. Torsion of Structural Shapes / J. Structural Division, ASCE
[Feb1965]
44. HONG LEONG CORPORATION Ltd Handbook for Structural Steel / Singapore [Nov1983]
45. JAPANESE STANDARD JIS A 5526 [1994]
46. KAWAMURA, A., YAMAMOTO, K. & IMAMURA, H. Fixed Outer Dimensions H-Shapes, 1000 and
950mm Series / Kawasaki Steel Technical Report No 47 [Dec2002]
47. KOREAN INDUSTRIAL STANDARDS ASSOCIATION Rolled Steels for General Structure / Standard
KS-D-3503
48. KOREAN INDUSTRIAL STANDARDS ASSOCIATION Rolled Steels for Welded Structures / Standard
KS-D-3515
49. OFFICE TECHNIQUE POUR LUTILISATION DE LACIER (OTUA) Produits Sidrurgiques:
Caractristiques Dimensionnelles / Paris [1993]
50. SOUTHERN AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (SAISC) Availability of Steel
Sections in South Africa I, H and Channel Sections [2002]
51. SVERSTALLAT A/S Terauda Velmejumi / Riga [2003]
52. STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Structural Steel ; Part 1: Hot-Rolled Bars and Sections / Standard AS/NZS
3679.1 [Feb1996]

14/01/09

Page 60

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7 EXAMPLES
****************************************************************
*
*
*
SECELEM
*
*
*
*
Properties of Elementary Sections
*
*
*
*
03:14:45
Version 05.05
09/05/05
*
*
*
****************************************************************

Units : m, t

The following runs reproduce the properties of standard international hot rolled sections.

Figure 7-1 Cross-Beams Underneath Dunbar Topside Skidway [courtesy TOTAL]

14/01/09

Page 61

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.1 European Sections


7.1.1 HEA
This run computes the properties of an HE300A column section.

Steel

: w = 7.850E+00

Section

: rolled
b =
h =

0.3000
0.2900

European

e =
a =

0.0140
0.0085

300

r =

0.0270

Ax= 1.125E-02
Jx= 8.517E-07
rt=
0.0804
Cw= 1.200E-06

Wy= 1.260E-03
Iy= 1.826E-04
ry=
0.1274
Ay= 8.702E-03

Wz= 4.206E-04
Iz= 6.310E-05
rz=
0.0749
Az= 3.728E-03

ss=

0.0681

Sy= 1.383E-03

Sz= 6.412E-04

q = 8.833E-02

Al= 1.717E+00

Ag= 1.943E+01

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]
length of stiff bearing [cm]

14/01/09

HEA

SECELEM
112.5
85.17
18260.
6310.
1260.
420.6
1200.
1383.
641.2
6.81

Ref./5/
112.5
85.17
18260.
6310.
1260.
420.6
1200.0
1383.
641.2
6.813

Page 62

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.1.2 IPN
This run computes the properties of an IPN 400 section.

Steel

: w = 7.850E+00

Section

: rolled
b =
h =

0.1550
0.4000

Ax= 1.177E-02
Jx= 1.608E-06
rt=
0.0371
Cw= 4.094E-07

q = 9.243E-02

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

IPN

European

e =
a =

0.0216
0.0144

400

r =

0.0144

Wy= 1.458E-03
Iy= 2.916E-04
ry=
0.1574
Ay= 7.111E-03

Wz= 1.492E-04
Iz= 1.156E-05
rz=
0.0313
Az= 6.011E-03

Sy= 1.712E-03

Sz= 2.536E-04

Al= 1.326E+00

Ag= 1.435E+01

SECELEM
117.7
160.8
29160.
1156.
1458.
149.2
409.4
1712.
253.6

Ref./5/
118.
170.
29210.
1160.
1460.
149.
420.
1714.
253.

Page 63

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.2 British Sections


7.2.1 UB Beam
This run computes the properties of a Universal Beam UB 610305179.

Steel

: w = 7.850E+00

Section

: rolled
b =
h =

UB
0.3071
0.6202

Ax= 2.281E-02
Jx= 3.416E-06
rt=
0.0809
Cw= 1.014E-05

q = 1.790E-01

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

e =
a =

British
0.0236
0.0141

610x305x 179

r =

0.0165

Wy= 4.935E-03
Iy= 1.530E-03
ry=
0.2590
Ay= 1.493E-02

Wz= 7.430E-04
Iz= 1.141E-04
rz=
0.0707
Az= 9.425E-03

Sy= 5.547E-03

Sz= 1.144E-03

Al= 2.412E+00

Ag= 1.347E+01

SECELEM
228.1
341.6
153000.
11410.
4935.
743.0
10140.
5547.
1144.

Ref./16/
228.
340.
153000.
11410.
4935.
743.
10200.
5547.
1144.

Page 64

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.2.2 UC Column
This run computes the properties of a Universal Column UC 305305240.

Steel
Section :

: w = 7.850E+00
rolled
b =
h =

UC
0.3184
0.3525

Ax= 3.058E-02
Jx= 1.287E-05
rt=
0.0878
Cw= 5.025E-06

q = 2.400E-01

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

e =
a =

British
0.0377
0.0230

305x305x 240

r =

0.0152

Wy= 3.643E-03
Iy= 6.420E-04
ry=
0.1449
Ay= 2.489E-02

Wz= 1.276E-03
Iz= 2.031E-04
rz=
0.0815
Az= 8.585E-03

Sy= 4.247E-03

Sz= 1.951E-03

Al= 1.907E+00

Ag= 7.942E+00

SECELEM
305.8
1287.
64200.
20310.
3643.
1276.
5025.
4247.
1951.

Ref./16/
306.
1271.
64200.
20310.
3643.
1276.
5030.
4247.
1951.

Page 65

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.2.3 RSJ-Beam
This run computes the properties of a RSJ 20352 beam with sloping flanges.

Steel
Section :

: w = 7.850E+00
rolled
b =
h =

RSJ
0.1524
0.2032

Ax= 6.656E-03
Jx= 6.535E-07
rt=
0.0380
Cw= 7.029E-08

q = 5.225E-02

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

e =
a =

British
0.0165
0.0089

203

r =

52

0.0155

Wy= 4.723E-04
Iy= 4.798E-05
ry=
0.0849
Ay= 5.246E-03

Wz= 1.071E-04
Iz= 8.159E-06
rz=
0.0350
Az= 2.285E-03

Sy= 5.409E-04

Sz= 1.761E-04

Al= 9.323E-01

Ag= 1.784E+01

SECELEM
66.56
65.35
4798.
815.9
472.3
107.1
70.29
540.9
176.1

Ref./16/
66.6
64.8
4800.
816.
472.
107.
71.1
541.
176.

Page 66

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.3 American Sections


7.3.1 W Beam
This run computes the properties of a jumbo wide flange section. W 3564061086

Steel

: w = 7.850E+00

Section :

rolled
b =
h =

W
0.4544
0.5695

Ax= 1.385E-01
Jx= 6.203E-04
rt=
0.1267
Cw= 9.645E-05

q = 1.087E+00

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

e =
a =

American
0.1247
0.0780

356x406x1086

r =

0.0152

Wy= 2.097E-02
Iy= 5.970E-03
ry=
0.2076
Ay= 1.206E-01

Wz= 8.641E-03
Iz= 1.963E-03
rz=
0.1191
Az= 3.869E-02

Sy= 2.723E-02

Sz= 1.337E-02

Al= 2.774E+00

Ag= 2.552E+00

SECELEM
1385.
62030.
597000.
196300.
20970.
8641.
96450.
27230.
13370.

Ref./1/
1387. (2150 in 2 )
60350. (1450 in 4 )
595200. (14300 in 4 )
196500. (4720 in 4 )
20970. (1280 in 3 )
8640. (527 in 3 )
97200. (362000 in 6 )
27200. (1660 in 3 )
13370. (816 in 3 )

Ref./5/
1386.
62290.
595700.
196200.
20940.
8645.
96080.
27210.
13380.

Page 67

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.3.2 Standard S-Shape


This run computes the properties of a standard S1240.8 (metric 31061) joist.

Steel

: w = 7.850E+00

Section :

rolled
b =
h =

S
0.1334
0.3048

Ax= 7.738E-03
Jx= 7.277E-07
rt=
0.0317
Cw= 1.156E-07

q = 6.074E-02

e =
a =

American
0.0167
0.0117

310

r =

61

0.0140

Wy= 7.439E-04
Iy= 1.134E-04
ry=
0.1210
Ay= 4.768E-03

Wz= 8.480E-05
Iz= 5.656E-06
rz=
0.0270
Az= 3.936E-03

Sy= 8.692E-04

Sz= 1.451E-04

Al= 1.059E+00

Ag= 1.743E+01

The computed figures match closely the figures found in the AISC Manual (Ref./1/).
Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]

SECELEM
77.38
72.77
11340.
565.6
743.9
84.80
115.6
869.2
145.1

Ref./1/
77.4 (12.0 in 2 )
73.3 (1.76 in 4 )
11320. (272 in 4 )
566. (13.6 in 4 )
744. (45.4 in 3 )
84.6 (5.16 in 3 )
n/a
870. (53.1 in 3 )
145. (8.85 in 3 )

Ref./5/
77.4
66.3
11400.
633.
747.
95.2
133.
871.
155.

On the other hand Ref./5/ appears to overpredict the flexural properties with respect to the weak axis by as much
as 12%, but also underpredicts the torsional inertia.

14/01/09

Page 68

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.4 Japanese Sections


This run computes the properties of a Japanese WJL 300 93 column.

Steel
Section :

: w = 7.850E+00
rolled
b =
h =

0.3000
0.3000

Ax= 1.185E-02
Jx= 8.287E-07
rt=
0.0820
Cw= 1.371E-06

q = 9.298E-02

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

WJL

Japanese

e =
a =

0.0150
0.0100

300

r =

93

0.0130

Wy= 1.346E-03
Iy= 2.019E-04
ry=
0.1305
Ay= 9.230E-03

Wz= 4.502E-04
Iz= 6.753E-05
rz=
0.0755
Az= 3.385E-03

Sy= 1.484E-03

Sz= 6.829E-04

Al= 1.758E+00

Ag= 1.890E+01

SECELEM
118.5
20190.
6753.
1346.
450.2

Ref./26/
118.4
20200.
6750.
1350.
450.

Page 69

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.5 Australian Sections


This run computes the properties of a standard TFB31061 tapered flange beam.

Steel
Section :

: w = 7.850E+00
rolled
b =
h =

TFB
0.0650
0.1250

e =
a =

Aus/NZ
0.0085
0.0050

125

r =

0.0080

Ax= 1.675E-03
Jx= 4.049E-08
rt=
0.0160
Cw= 1.129E-09

Wy= 6.944E-05
Iy= 4.340E-06
ry=
0.0509
Ay= 1.170E-03

Wz= 1.036E-05
Iz= 3.367E-07
rz=
0.0142
Az= 7.480E-04

ss=

0.0335

Sy= 8.029E-05

Sz= 1.721E-05

q = 1.314E-02

Al= 4.696E-01

Ag= 3.572E+01

The computed figures match closely the figures found in the ONESTEEL Catalog (Ref./29/).
Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
torsional inertia [cm4 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
warping constant [10-3 cm6 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

SECELEM
16.75
4.049
434.0
33.67
69.44
10.36
1.129
80.29
17.21

Ref./29/
16.70
4.02
434.
33.7
69.4
10.4
1.14
80.3
17.2

Page 70

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.6 Indian Sections


This run computes the properties of a Indian ISWB 300 48 beam.

Steel
Section :

: w = 7.850E+00
rolled
b =
h =

ISWB Indian
0.2000
0.3000

Ax= 6.127E-03
Jx= 1.850E-07
rt=
0.0530
Cw= 2.803E-07

q = 4.810E-02

Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

e =
a =

0.0100
0.0074

300

r =

48

0.0080

Wy= 6.581E-04
Iy= 9.872E-05
ry=
0.1269
Ay= 4.114E-03

Wz= 1.334E-04
Iz= 1.334E-05
rz=
0.0467
Az= 2.361E-03

Sy= 7.326E-04

Sz= 2.041E-04

Al= 1.371E+00

Ag= 2.851E+01

SECELEM
61.27
658.1
732.6

Ref./26/
61.33
654.8
731.2

Page 71

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.7 Russian Sections


This run computes the properties of a Russian 50? 3 wide-flange beam.

Steel
Section :

: w = 7.850E+00
rolled
b =
h =

GSTW Russian
0.3000
0.4950

Ax= 1.992E-02
Jx= 2.919E-06
rt=
0.0779
Cw= 5.193E-06

q = 1.564E-01

e =
a =

500

0.0205
0.0155

r =

x 156

0.0260

Wy= 3.402E-03
Iy= 8.420E-04
ry=
0.2056
Ay= 1.294E-02

Wz= 6.167E-04
Iz= 9.251E-05
rz=
0.0682
Az= 9.001E-03

Sy= 3.845E-03

Sz= 9.576E-04

Al= 2.114E+00

Ag= 1.352E+01

The computed figures match closely the figures found in the GOST Specification (Ref./ 20/).
Compared Results
area [cm2 ]
strong inertia [cm4 ]
weak inertia [cm4 ]
strong elastic modulus [cm3 ]
weak elastic modulus [cm3 ]
strong plastic modulus [cm3 ]

14/01/09

SECELEM
199.2
84200.
9251.
3402.
616.7
3845.

Ref./20/
199.20
84200.
9250.
3402.
617.
3846. (21923)

Page 72

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.8 Airplane Spare of Spruce


This run computes the torsional inertia of an airplane wing spare of spruce investigated as Example 2, Chap. 9,
Art. 9.2 of Ref./33/. Dimensions in inches are rounded off in the metric system to the nearest tenth of a
millimeter.

Steel
Section :

: w = 7.850E+00
welded
b =
h =

girder
0.0699
0.1140

e =
a =

0.0265
0.0129

r =

0.0222

Figure 7-2 - Spare of Spruce [from Ref./33/]

Ax= 4.915E-03
Jx= 1.172E-06
rt=
0.0190
Cw= 2.887E-09

Wy= 1.375E-04
Iy= 7.835E-06
ry=
0.0399
Ay= 4.157E-03

Wz= 4.526E-05
Iz= 1.582E-06
rz=
0.0179
Az= 2.728E-03

ss=

0.0919

Sy= 1.849E-04

Sz= 7.210E-05

q = 3.858E-02

Al= 4.437E-01

Ag= 1.150E+01

The computed figure match closely the inertia indicated in Ref./33/.


Compared Results
torsional inertia [cm4 ]

14/01/09

SECELEM
117.2

Ref./33/
118.6 (2.85 in 4 )

Page 73

SECELEM

Properties of Elementary Steel Sections

Version 05.05

7.9 Boxed Section


The example addresses the boxed section formed by two HE300A welded side by side.

Steel

: w = 7.850E+00

Section

: welded
b =
h =
d =

box
0.6000
0.2900
0.3000

Ax= 2.251E-02
Jx= 2.544E-04

e =
a =
s =

0.0140
0.0000
0.0085

Wy= 2.519E-03
Iy= 3.653E-04
ry=
0.1274

r =
r =

0.0000
0.0270

Wz= 2.109E-03
Iz= 6.326E-04
rz=
0.1677

Cw= 2.606E-06

Figure 7-3 Cutting of Steel During Fabrication of Goldeneye Topside


[courtesy SHELL EXPRO UK]

14/01/09

Page 74