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BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 Author: René FREUND ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS
BEAMPASK
Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support
Version 11.11
Author: René FREUND
ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS LTD

GRANTS & RESTRICTIONS

ATLANTIS Engineering Consultants Ltd. (“ATLANTIS”) grants to you (“the Customer”) the non-exclusive rights with respect to the utilisation of the program BEAMPASK (“the Software”) and its User Documentation. One copy of the Software may be made for backup or archival purposes. This Software and Documentation may otherwise not be used, modified, reproduced, sold, transferred or distributed without ATLANTIS prior written permission. No attempt shall be made to de-assemble or de-compile the executable.

WARRANTY

ATLANTIS warrants that the Software and User Documentation are free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use for a period of two months following its acquisition. The liability of ATLANTIS under the warranty set forth above shall be limited to the amount paid by the Customer for the product.

DISCLAIMER

ATLANTIS does not make any warranty expressed or implied as to the use, or the results of use, of the Software and User Documentation in terms of correctness, accuracy and reliability. The Customer is expected to make the final evaluation as to the usefulness of the Software in his own environment and shall assume the entire risks as to its results and performance.

ATLANTIS shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential or incidental damages (including damages for loss of business profits, business interruption and the like) arising from the use or inability to use the Software even if ATLANTIS has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

REVISION HISTORY

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

11.11

Finite-Length Beam

09.09

First Issue

Version

Description

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

CONTENTS

  • 1 SCOPE

1

  • 2 ASSUMPTIONS AND METHODOLOGY

2

2.1

Model

2

2.1.1

Beam

2

2.1.2

Foundation

2

2.1.2.1

Winkler Spring Layer

2

2.1.2.2

Pasternak Shear Layer

3

2.2

Governing Differential Equation

4

2.2.1

Subcritical Deformed Shape

4

2.2.2

Critical Deformed Shape

4

2.2.3

Supercritical Deformed Shape

4

2.2.4

Unitization of Deformed Shape Functions

5

2.3

Forces and Deformations Along an Infinitely Long Strip

6

2.3.1

Concentrated Force

6

2.3.2

Uniformly Distributed Load

7

2.3.3

Triangular Load

8

2.3.4

Concentrated Moment

9

2.4

Beams of Finite Length

10

2.4.1

Soil Layer Deformations Outside the Beam

10

2.4.2

Boundary Conditions

11

2.4.3

Elements of Reduction at Beam Extremities

12

2.4.4

Boundary System

12

2.4.4.1

General Solution

12

  • 3 VARIABLES AND UNITS

14

3.1

Input Data

14

3.2

Default Values

15

3.3

Output Data

15

  • 4 OPERATING LIMITS AND WARNINGS

16

4.1

Recommended Values of the Shear Stiffness

16

4.2

Residual Shear at the Free Edges of a Finite Beam

16

4.3

Infinite Hinged Beam

17

4.4

Finite Length Beam Equivalent to an Infinite Strip

18

4.4.1

Semi-Infinite Beam

18

4.4.1.1

Concentrated Force

18

4.4.1.2

Concentrated Moment

18

4.4.2

Equivalent Stiffness Matrix

18

4.5

Beam in Tension Resting on a Winkler Foundation

19

  • 5 ASSOCIATED ROUTINES

20

5.1

Upstream

20

5.2

Downstream

20

5.3

Related Software

20

  • 6 REFERENCES & BIBLIOGRAPHY

21

6.1

References

21

6.2

Bibliography

22

  • 7 EXAMPLES

24

7.1

Infinite Beam

24

7.1.1

Concentrated Load

24

7.1.1.1

Winkler Model

25

7.1.1.2

Sub-Critical Pasternak Model

26

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 CONTENTS 1 SCOPE 1 2

Page i

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

  • 7.1.1.3 Critical Pasternak Model

27

  • 7.1.1.4 Super-Critical Pasternak Model

28

  • 7.1.2 Uniform Load

32

  • 7.2 Semi-Infinite Beam

34

  • 7.2.1 Winkler Foundation

35

  • 7.2.2 0% Deflection Ratio

36

  • 7.2.3 50% Deflection Ratio

37

  • 7.2.4 100% Deflection Ratio

38

  • 7.3 Finite Beam

39

  • 7.3.1 Centrally Loaded Beam

39

  • 7.3.2 Beam Loaded at its Edges

39

  • 7.4 Finite Beam Equivalent to an Infinite Strip

43

  • 7.4.1 Concentrated Load at 1.0m from Right Support

43

  • 7.4.2 Concentrated Load at 5.0m from Right Support

44

  • 7.4.3 Concentrated Load at 7.0m from Right Support

44

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 7.1.1.3 Critical Pasternak Model 27

Page ii

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

1

SCOPE

The program computes the forces and deformations along an infinite Euler-Bernoulli beam subjected to a vertical concentrated load and resting horizontally on an elastic two-parameter Pasternak foundation.

KEYWORDS
KEYWORDS

two-parameter foundation, Pasternak layer, Winkler layer, modulus of subgrade reaction, shear modulus

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 1 SCOPE The program computes

Figure 1-1 – Projected Freeway Extension Outside Los Angeles, CA

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 1 SCOPE The program computes

Page 1

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

2

ASSUMPTIONS AND METHODOLOGY

 
 

2.1

Model

2.1.1 Beam
2.1.1
Beam

The beam is characterized by a constant width B and flexural rigidity EI over its entire length L. The system attached to the beam is such that

  • - the origin is set at the left extremity of the beam,

  • - the x-axis corresponds to the beam centerline, directed from left to right,

  • - the y-axis is positive upwards.

  • 2.1.2 Foundation

The soil is regarded as an elastic medium represented by a two-parameter Winkler-Pasternak model.

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 2 ASSUMPTIONS AND METHODOLOGY 2.1

Figure 2-1 – Infinite Beam on a Pasternak Foundation [from Ref./3/]

  • 2.1.2.1 Winkler Spring Layer

This representation assumes that the vertical reaction force exerted by the foundation at any point is proportional to the beam deflection at that point alone.

where

p = -kB y

k

= modulus of subgrade reaction of the soil

The combined flexural rigidity of the beam and spring stiffness of the soil can be merged into the foundation parameter b which has dimension L -1 .

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 2 ASSUMPTIONS AND METHODOLOGY 2.1

Page 2

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

b =

kB 4 4EI
kB
4
4EI
  • 2.1.2.2 Pasternak Shear Layer

The shear force Q in the Pasternak layer is proportional to the rotation w of the beam at this section

Q = -GB

dy

dx

The ratio of flexural to shear stiffness is expressed by the parameter g which has dimension L -1 .

k G
k
G

g =

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 b = kB 4 4EI

Figure 2-2 – Hard Landing of an Antonov 124 Under Strong Lateral Winds

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 b = kB 4 4EI

Page 3

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

2.2

Governing Differential Equation

The expression of the deflection in any section of an infinitely long strip resting on a continuous elastic support and supporting the load w(x) is the solution of the 4 th order differential equation

4 2 d y d y EI - GB + kBy = - w x (
4
2
d
y
d
y
EI
-
GB
+
kBy
= -
w x
(
)
4
2
dx
dx
The normalized associated homogeneous equation
2
4
2
d
y
d
y
Ê b
ˆ
2
4
-
4
rb
+
4
b
y =
0
where
r
4
2
dx
dx
g
= Á Á Ë
˜ ˜ ¯
4
2
2
4
is transformed to the characteristic equation
r
-
4
rb
r
+
4
b
=
0
where
Ê
2
ˆ
which admits the roots
r
= ±
b
2
Á
r
±
r
-1 ˜
1,2,3,4
Ë
¯

=

G B 2 kEI rx y = e
G
B
2
kEI
rx
y = e

[1]

These roots are all either complex conjugate or real, depending on the magnitude of r with respect to unity. The integration constants C and D factoring the positive exponential term in the solution of the homogeneous equation are identically equal to zero on the conditions that the deflections of the beam must remain finite far away from the loaded area.

  • 2.2.1 Subcritical Deformed Shape

When the flexural stiffness of the beam prevails over the shear stiffness of the soil, then r < 1 and

r

1, 2,3, 4

= ±m ± in

where

m

=

b

n

=

b

1 + r 1 - r
1 + r
1
-
r

The solution of the homogeneous equation becomes

y

=

e

- m

x

[A

cos

n

x

+

B

sin

n

x]

+

m

e

x

[C

n

cos

x

+

D

sin

n

x]

  • 2.2.2 Critical Deformed Shape

When the flexural stiffness of the beam is about equivalent to the shear stiffness of the soil, then r = 1 and

r

1, 2

= ±m

where

m =

2b
2b

The solution of the homogeneous equation becomes

y

=

e

-m

x

[A

+

Bx]

+

e

m

x

[C

+

Dx]

  • 2.2.3 Supercritical Deformed Shape

When the shear stiffness of the soil prevails over the flexural stiffness of the beam, then r > 1 and

r

1,2 ,3, 4

= ±m ±n

where

m

=

b

n

=

b

r + 1 r - 1
r
+ 1
r
-
1

The solution of the homogeneous equation becomes

- m x m x y = e [A cosh n x + B sinh n
- m
x
m
x
y
=
e
[A
cosh
n
x
+
B
sinh
n
x]
+
e
[C
cosh
n
x
+
D
sinh
n
x]
14/11/11
Page 4

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

  • 2.2.4 Unitization of Deformed Shape Functions

The above equation can be expressed analytically in terms of hyperbolic, polynomials or circular functions

depending on the rigidity ratio r, i.e. whether or not the shear rigidity of the Pasternak layer prevails over the flexural stiffness of the beam combined with the spring stiffness of the Winkler layer.

function 0 £ r < 1 r = 1 r > 1 f ( x )
function
0 £ r < 1
r
= 1
r
> 1
f
(
x
)
cosnx
1
coshnx
0
sinnx
sinhnx
f
(
x
)
x
1
n
n
1
-
cos
nx
2
x
cosh
nx -
1
f
(
x
)
2
2
2
n
2
n
nx -
sin
nx
3
x
sinh nx -nx
f
(
x
)
3
3
3
n
6
n
2
4
2
1
- nx
(
)
/ 2
-
cos
nx
x
cosh
nx -
1
- nx
(
)
/ 2
f
(
x
)
4
4
4
n
24
n
(
)
2 i
n x
n
(
n x
)
2
i
x
n
n
i
f
( x)
x
Â
x
Â
(
-
1
)
n
(2
i
+
n
)!
n!
(2
i
+
n
)!
i = 0
i = 0

Those functions are more conveniently represented here by their series development

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 2.2.4 Unitization of Deformed Shape

Figure 2-3 – High Speed Track of the East TGV

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 2.2.4 Unitization of Deformed Shape

Page 5

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

2.3

Forces and Deformations Along an Infinitely Long Strip

The forces and deformations along the continuous beam (x 0) at the point of load application are

 

Ï

 

e

-

m x

 

cos n

x

 

r

< 1

 

q (

x

) =

e

 

- m x

f

0

(

x

)

 

Ô

 
- 2
-
2

b x

 

if

 

r

1

 

=

Ì

 

e

 

Ô

 

- m x

 

cosh n

 

r

> 1

Ó

e

 

x

 

Ï

Ô

b e

- m x

È cos

Í

n x

+

sin n

x ˘

˙

 

Ô

Î

m

n

˚

 

)

 

˘

=

Ô Ô

Ì

Ô

 

˘

f

(

x

) =

b

- m x

e

Í

Î

È f

0

m

(

x

 

+

f

1

(

x

)

˙

˚

e

È 1 - 2 b x Í Î 2
È
1
-
2 b x
Í
Î
2

+ b

x

˙

˚

 

Ô

- m x

È cosh

n x

sinh n

x ˘

Ô

b e

Í

+

˙

Ô Ó

Î

m

n

˚

 

Ï

Ô

b

2

- m x

e

sin n

x

r

< 1

 

Ô

mn

z

(

x

) =

b

2

- m x

 

)

 

Ô

b - 2 e 2
b
-
2
e
2

b x

x

 

if

 

r

1

 

m

e

f

1

(

x

=

Ì

Ô

 
 

Ô b

2

- m x

sinh n

x

 

r

> 1

Ô

mn

 

e

Ó

 
 

Ï

b e

- m x

È cos

n x

sin n

x ˘

 

Ô

Í

-

˙

Ô

Î

m

n

˚

y

(

x

) =

b

- m x

e

È f

0

Í

(

x

)

-

f

1

 

(

x

)

˘

˙

=

Ô Ô

Ì

e

È 1 - 2 b x Í Î 2
È
1
-
2
b x
Í
Î
2

-

b

x

˘

˙

 

Î

m

˚

Ô

 

˚

 

Ô

- m x

È cosh

n x

sinh n

x ˘

Ô

b e

Í

-

˙

Ô Ó

Î

m

n

˚

 

r

< 1

if

r

1

r

> 1

r

< 1

if

r

1

r

> 1

q

 
  • d (
    dx

  • x ) = -

b

[ (x)

f

+

r

y

(x)]

f

  • d (x)
    dx

= -

z

2

b

z

(x)

  • d (x)
    dx

=

b

y

  • d y

(
dx

  • x ) = -2

b

(x)

[

q

(

x

) -

r

z

(x)]

  • 2.3.1 Concentrated Force

The concentrated load P is counted positive when directed downwards. The local origin is set at the point of application of the load.

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 2.3 Forces and Deformations Along

Figure 2-4 – Concentrated Load

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 2.3 Forces and Deformations Along

Page 6

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

Because of symmetry only formulas for x 0 need to be considered.

y

= -

P

8 EI b

3

f (

x

)

w

P

=

4 EI b

2

z (

x

)

M

P

=

4 b

y

(

x

)

V

= -

P

2

[

q

(

x

)

-

r

z

(

x

)]

Q

= -

P

r

z (

x

)

  • 2.3.2 Uniformly Distributed Load

The load intensity is constant equal to q over a length 2a and zero outside this area. It is counted positive when directed downwards. The local origin is set at the center of the loaded area.

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 Because of symmetry only formulas

Figure 2-5 – Uniformly Distributed Load

Because of symmetry only formulae for x 0 need to be considered.

The formulae below are derived from the integral

Ú

f

(u)

du

= -

1

[q (u) rz (u)]

b

+

The shear force in the Pasternak layer is

Q

= -

4EI

rb

2

w

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 Because of symmetry only formulas

Page 7

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

section 0<x<a

 

y = -

q

8

EI b

 

4

{

2

 

-

q

(

a

-

x

)

-

q

(

a

+

x

)

w

=

8

q

EI b

3

[

f

(

a

-

x

)

-

f

(

a

+

x

)

]

M

=

q

4

b

2

[

z

(

a

-

x

)

+

z

(

a

+

x

)

]

V

= -

q

[

y

 

(

a

 

-

x

)

-

y

(

a

+

x

)]

 
 

4

b

 

section x>a

 

y = -

q

8

EI b

 

4

{

q

(

x

-

a

)

-

q

(

x

+

a

)

+

r

w

=

8

q

EI b

3

[

f

(

x

-

a

)

-

f

(

x

+

a

)

]

M

= -

q

[

z

(

x

-

a

)

-

z

(

x

+

a

)

]

 
 

4 b

2

 

V

= -

q

[

y

 

(

x

-

a

)

-

y

(

x

+

a

)]

 
 

4

b

 

-

r

[

z

(

a

-

x

)

+

z

(

a

+

x

)

]}

 

[2]

[

z

(

x

-

a

)

-

z

(

x

+

a

)

]}

 

[3]

  • 2.3.3 Triangular Load

The load intensity is linearly increasing from zero to q over a length a and equal to zero outside this interval. It is counted positive when directed downward. The local origin is set at the start of the loaded area.

The formulae below are derived from the integral

Ú

u

f

(

u

)

du

= -

  • 1 È

b

Í

Î

u

q

(

u

)

+

y

(

)

˘

r

u

˙

-

2 b

˚

b

È

Í

Î

u

z

(

u

)

+

f

(

u

)

˘

˙

b

˚

The shear force in the Pasternak layer is

Q

= -

4EI

rb

  • 2 w

section x<0

y

= -

q

16 EI

b

5

a

{

y

(

  • x )

-

y

(

a

-

x

)

-

2

b

a

q

(

a

-

x

)

+

2

r

[

f

(

x

)

-

f

(

a

-

x

)

-

b

a

z

(

a

-

x

)

]}

w

=

q

8

EI

b

4

a

{

q

(

a

-

x

)

-

q

(

x

)

+

b

a

f

(

a

-

x

)

+

r

[

z

(

a

-

x

)

-

z

(

x

)

]}

  • M x

=

8

b

3

a

a

-

q

[

f

(

)

-

f

(

x

)

+

2

b

a

z

(

a

-

x

)

]

  • V x

=

4

b

2

a

a

-

q

[

z

(

)

-

z

(

x

)

-

b

a

y

(

a

-

x

)]

[4]

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 section 0< x < a

Page 8

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

section 0<x<a

 

y = -

 

q

{

y

16 EI

b

5

a

 

w

=

q

 

{

q

(

a

 

8 EI

b

4

a

 

q

[

 

M

=

8

b

3

a

f

(

a

-

V

=

4 b

q

2

a

[

z

(

a

-

section x>a

 

y = -

q

16 EI

b

5

a

{

y

w

=

q

 

{

-

q

 

8 EI

b

4

a

 

q

[

 

M

=

8

b

3

a

f

(

x

-

V

=

4 b

q

2

a

[

-

z

(

x

 

(

x

)

-

y

(

a

-

x

)

-

2

b

a

q

-

x

)

-

q

(

x

)

+

b

a

f

(

a

-

x

)

-

f

(

x

)

+

2

b

a

z

(

a

-

x

)

-

z

(

x

)

-

b

a

y

(

a

-

x

 

(

x

)

-

y

(

x

-

a

)

+

2

b

a

q

(

x

-

a

)

+

q

(

x

)

+

b

a

f

(

x

a

)

-

f

(

x

)

-

2

b

 

a

z

(

x

-

-

a

)

+

z

(

x

)

-

b

a

y

(

x

-

(

a

-

x

)

+

4

b

x

+

2

r

[

f

(

x

)

-

f

(

a

-

x

)

-

b

a

z

(

a

-

x

)

]}

x

)

-

2

+

r

[

z

(

a

-

x

)

-

z

(

x

)

]}

 

[5]

x

)

]

)]

(

x

-

a

)

+

2

r

[

f

(

x

)

-

f

(

x

-

a

)

+

b

a

z

(

x

-

a

)

]}

 

-

a

)

-

r

[

z

(

x

-

a

)

-

z

(

x

)

]}

 

[6]

a

)

]

a

)]

 
  • 2.3.4 Concentrated Moment

The concentrated moment C is counted positive when applied clockwise. The local origin is set at the point of application of the couple.

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 section 0< x < a

Figure 2-6 – Concentrated Couple

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 section 0< x < a

Page 9

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

Because of symmetry only formulae for x 0 need to be considered.

y

= -

C

4 EI b

2

z

(

x

)

w

= -

C

y

(

x

)

 

4 EI b

C

  • M ( )]

=

2

[

q

(

x

)

-

r

z

x

C

b

 

[

  • V

= -

f

x

+

r

2

(

)

2

y

(

x

)]

Q

=

C

rb

y

(

x

)

 

2.4

Beams of Finite Length

 
  • 2.4.1 Soil Layer Deformations Outside the Beam

Whereas the 4 th order differential equation [1] prevails within the inner domain 0 £ x £ L covering the finite length of the beam, the deformations of the semi-infinite soil layer outside the beam (EI = 0; outer domain) are governed by the 2 nd order differential equation

which admits the solution

-

y

=

y

0

exp

2 d y G + ky = 0 2 dx È k ˘ Í - x
2
d
y
G
+ ky = 0
2
dx
È
k
˘
Í
-
x
˙
G
Í
˙
Î
˚

where

  • x = absolute distance measured from the extremity of the beam

y

  • 0 = deformation of the soil layer just outside the beam edge

[7]

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 Because of symmetry only formulae

Figure 2-7 – Semi-Infinite Beam on a Pasternak Foundation [from Ref./3/]

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 Because of symmetry only formulae

Page 10

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

The program assumes that the soil deformation y 0 is only a fraction u of the deflection at the edge of the beam where 0 £ u £ 1. The restraining effect of the Pasternak soil layer on both sides of the beam can therefore be reduced to equivalent linear springs by reference to the vertical deflection at the edges of the beam

GB dy H = - u = uB kG S y dx 0 x =0
GB
dy
H
= -
u
= uB
kG
S
y
dx
0
x
=0
  • 2.4.2 Boundary Conditions

The most general elastic restraint provided by the supports at either extremity of the beam are expressed by a linear elastic, symmetrical stiffness matrix

where

  • - shear spring terms,

H A , H B

  • - rotational spring terms,

K A , K B

  • - coupling spring terms.

J A , J B

at end (B)

K

at origin (A)

K

B

=

È H

B

Í

Î

J

B

A

=

È H

A

Í

Î

J

A

J

˘

B

˙

K

B

˚

J

˘

A

˙

K

A

˚

The most general boundary conditions at the beam extremities are therefore expressed by the equations

Ê

Á

R

B

ˆ

È H

  • - Í

Á

˜

¯

end (x = L)

˜ = -

Ë

M

B

Î

Ê

Á

R

A

ˆ

È H

  • - Í

Á

˜

¯

origin (x = 0)

˜ = -

Ë

M

A

Î

 

H

 

J

 

˘

B

+

S

B

˙

  • - K

J

B

B

˚

 

H

 

J

˘

A

+

S

A

˙

  • - J

A

K

A

˚

Ê y

¥ Á

Á

Ë

w

L

L

Ê y

¥ Á

Á

Ë

w

0

0

ˆ

˜

˜

¯

ˆ

˜

˜

¯

where

R B = -V L -Q L M B = -M L R A = +V 0 +Q 0 M A = +M 0

It ought to be noted that

= vertical reaction applied by the end support B to the beam = moment applied by the end support B to the beam = vertical reaction applied by the start support A to the beam = moment applied by the start support A to the beam

  • - the reactions applied to the beam by the end support B have opposite sign compared to the shear and moment in that section,

  • - the vertical reactions R A and R B are the sum of shear forces in the beam and in the Pasternak layer respectively.

14/11/11

BEAMPASK Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support Version 11.11 The program assumes that the

Page 11

BEAMPASK

Finite Length Beam on a Continuous Pasternak Support

Version 11.11

  • 2.4.3 Elements of Reduction at Beam Extremities

The elements of reduction in the section just ahead of the end of the beam (x = L-e) are

È

Í

Ê V

Á

L

+

Q

L

Á

M

L

Á

Á

Á

Ë

w

L

y

L

ˆ

˜

˜

˜

˜

˜

¯

Ê V

Á

L

+

Q

L

Á

=

Á

Á

Á

Ë

M

L

w

L

y

L

ˆ

˜

Í

Í

˜

Í

˜

˜

+ Í

Í

˜

¯

Í

Í

Í

-

Í

Î

1

2

1

4 m

0

b

2

2 m kB

-

b

2

2 m

-

1

2

-

b

4

m kB

0

-

1

2

(

q

L

+

rz

L

)

1

y

4

b

b

2

z

kB

L

L

-

b

f

2

kB

L

-

b

f

2

L

˘

˙

˙

1

2

(

q

L

-

rz

L

-

3

b

y

kB

-

b

2

z

kB

L

L

)

˙

˙

˙ ¥

˙

˙

˙

Ê P

Á

B

Á

C

B

Á

Á

Á

Ë

P

A

C

A

ˆ

˜

˜

˜

˜

˜

¯

˙

˙

˚

The elements of reduction in the section just past the start of the beam (x = e) are

Ê V

Á

0

+

Q

0

Á

M

0

Á

Á

Á

Ë

w

0

y

0

ˆ

˜

˜

˜

˜

˜

¯

Ê V

Á

0

+

Q

0

Á

=

Á

Á

Á

Ë

M

0

w

0

y

0

ˆ

˜

˜

˜

˜

˜

¯

È 1

Í

Í

2

Í

Í

+ Í

Í

Í

Í

Í

Í

Î

-

(

q

L

+

rz

L

1

y

4

b

L

-

b

2

z

kB

L

b

2

f

2

m kB

L

)

-

b

f

2

L

-

1

2

(

q

L

-

rz

L

)

-

3

b

y

kB

L

b

2

z

kB

L

-

1

2

1

4

m

0

-

b

2

kB

-

b

2

˘

˙

  • 2 m

˙

-

1

2

b

4

˙

˙

˙ ¥

˙