Overview of Profiles and Logic Behind the Pressing Process The figure below is a standard PARS profile for

an MEP or BMEP series press. As the press action precedes through the lines of the profile the Z axis of the press is commanded to a specific height. As it is moving it monitors the height and the force. It will complete each line of the profile when it sees the height or foece requirement as defined in each line. It will act on whatever requirement is achieved first.

This commands the press cycle to stop and display “Error 1: Premature contact detected”. Connecter or Press Data Editors. Some causes of this error are as follows. It has moved to a postion 0. In this case the profile acts on the HEIGHT ACTION. Had the press seen a force equal to or greater than 100 pounds it would have acted on the FORCE ACTION.      Incorrect measurement entered into the Tool. This example will outline a perfect press operation and provide some problems that would cause it to be imperfect.030” above the unseated toop top without having seen a force equal to or greater than 100 pounds.Detailed press cycle explanation: The following is a line by line explanation of the pressing profile. Incorrect placement of the connecter into the PCB A bent pin on the connecter A plugged hole in the PCB. Incorrect placement of the tool into the connecter. This commands it to proceed to the NEXT STEP or row 2. . Row 1: The figure below shows the postion of the press ram after it completes row 1 of the profile.

Connecter or Press Data Editors. By going to row 5 the press profile is proceeding to check for a REPRESS CYCLE. If the minimum force were set too high. it will act on the force action of the NEXT STEP and proceed to the next row of the profile. the required force would not be achieved. .040” above the seated height without seeing the minimum force required it would have acted on the height action of “Go to 5”.040” above the seated height. Having achieved this force.  Incorrect measurement entered into the Tool. Some causes of this are as follows.  Incorrect definition of the minimum force per pin in the connecter editor. the force would not accumulate as required. A connecter with a lower height or fewer pins would lower the total forces.  Incorrect connecter used in the press cycle. At this point in the pressing cycle the force reading will be equal to or greater than the minimum force per pin as defined in the connecter editor multiplied by the number of pins in the connecter.Row 2: The figure below shows the Position of the press ram after it completes row 2 of the profile. Had the press achieved the height of 0. If a low measurement were entered. It has tried to move to position 0.

 Incorrect definition of maximum force per pin in the connecter editor. stopped the press cycle and provided an error 4 ”Excessive Force”. If the maximum force per pin is set too low.010” above the seated height. If a measurement is too high.  A pin or pins bent under the base of the connecter. . Most important will be the speed of the cycle at this point. Having achieved this height. it will act on the height action NEXT STEP and proceed to the next row of the profile. It is possible for the press to catch this event although it is not too likely. It will depend on a variety of factors. At this point in the pressing cycle the force reading will be less than the maximum force per pin as defined in the connecter editor multiplied by the number of pins in the connecter. Some causes of this are as follows. the connecter would bottom out on the surface of the PCB and the forces would rise prematurely.Row 3: The figure below shows the Postion of the press ram after it completes row 3 of the profile. the press would error on lower force than required for the safety of the press cycle. Had the press achieved the maximum force per pin multiplied by the number of pins in the connecter as defined in the connecter editor it would have acted on the force action. connecter or press data editors.  Incorrect measurement entered in the tool. It has moved to a position 0.

It has tried to move to a position -0.  A PARS value set too high in the connector editor.020” below the seated height as commanded in the line. This stopped the press and moved the program to the next connector in the sequence.Row 4: The figure below shows the Position of the press ram after it completes row 4 of the profile and the press cycle is complete. stopped the press cycle and provided a message of “Insufficient Force”. The standard beginning PARS value is 25%. the forces would not accumulate as required. If a low measurement were entered. Connecter or Press Data Editors. A setting well above this would require greater forces that may not be achieved. Prior to reaching that position forces equal to those required by the PARS in the force row were reached and the profile acted on the force action of “complete”.  Incorrect measurement entered into the Tool. . Had the press achieved the height of -0. Some causes of this are as follows.020” below the seated height without seeing the PARS force required it would have acted on the height action of error 2.

Press Force Vs Distance Graph The following graph represents the force vs distance curve displayed on the press during every press cycle. the sample window is calculated to automatically provide the best results. With the most recent software. Notice that while the press cycle completes on line 4. The sample forces are taken in the background during the press cycle and used when needed in row 4. . Indicated along the press curve are numbers that correspond to the row numbers in the pressing profile. The PARS sample window is defined in the Connector Editor and should be set so that the samples are taken while the compliant pins are being inserted into the PCB. the PARS sample is taken between line 2 and line 3.

Detailed repress press cycle explanation: A repress cycle happens when an operator needs to run a press cycle over due to a connector not seating fully or not maintaining contact with the 2 start switches.040” above the seated height. At this point in pressing cycle the force reading WAS NOT equal to or greater than the minimum force per pins as defined in the connector editor multiplied by the number of pins in the connector. . It has moved to a position 0. it will act on the height action of Go to 5 and proceed to row 5 of the profile. Not having achieved this force. Below is a figure of what the press looks like at row 2 of the press cycle. Row 2: The figure below shows the Position of the press ram after it completes row 2 of the profile.

Not having achieved this force. At this point in the pressing cycle the force reading WAS NOT equal to or greater than 100 puonds as indicated in the force action. it will act on the height action of NEXT STEP and proceed to row 6 of the profile.  connector with too few pins has been inserted in error. The press cycle was unable to achieve the required forces in row 2 but the press sees some force.035” above the seated height.Row 5 The figure below shows the Position of the press ram after it completes row 5 of the profile. It has movedto a position 0. . Some causes of this are:  The minimum force per pin as defined in the connector editor is too low. Had the forces been equal to or greater than 100 pounds the force action would execute providing an error of “minimum force per pin”.

As an example. if a connector had been pressed only half way. During this move in the pressing cycle a force equal to or greater than 100 pounds was achieved. Having achieved this force. . it will act on the force action to NEXT STEP and proceed to row 7 of the profile.Row 6: The figure shows the Position of the press ram after it completes row 6 of the profile.020” below the seated height. It has attempted to move to a position -0. The reason for the commanded move to -0. If 100 pounds were not achieved.020” below the seated height was for the press to determine if a connector existed. the height action would not executed providing an alarm of “missing connector”. the press might not have seen forces in the position moved to in line 5.

010” above the seated height. Having achieved this height.Row 7: The figure below shows the Position of the press ram after it completes row 7 of the profile. Had it achieved the Maximum force per pin the force action would have been taken and an error 4 would be executed providing a message of “Excessive Force Detected”. . it will act on the height action to NEXT STEP and proceed to row 8 of the profile. During this move in the pressing cycle a force equal to or greater than the maximum force per pin multiplied by the number of pins was not achieved. It has to move to a position 0.

It has tried to move to a position -0. finish the press cycle and proceed to the next connecter in the sequence.Row 8: The figure below shows the Position of the press ram after it completes row 8 of the profile.. Having achieved this force it will execute action of complete. Had it not achieved the Maximum force per pin the height action would have executed and an Error 2 would be presented providing a message of “Insufficient Force”. During this move in the pressing cycle a force equal to or greater than the maximum force per pin multiplied by the number of pin was achieved. .020” below the seated height.

. Indicated along the press curve are numbers that correspond to the row numbers in the pressing profile.Press Force Vs Distance Graph The following graph represents the force vs distance curve displayed on the press during repress cycle.

Detailed explanation of the different types of the press cycle completion (PARS) – PERCENT ABOVE RANGE SAMPLE – A connector can be pressed with the force that propotional to the actual resisting force detected during the pressing cycle. We call this Percent Above Range Sample or PARS. but does not require great accuracy for board thickness measurement and can be done without measuring board thickness. the press cycle would complete at 25% above 10 pounds per pin or 12. . the connector’s resisting force while pressing is sampled and averaged over a distance range before seating to the board surface. This is the most widely used technique because it limits the stress to the assembly. PARS-FPPL xx% (dynamic press cycle termination based on actual forces generated during the pressing process) PARS-FPPL is defined as “Percent Above Range Sample – Force Per Pin Limited”. The final force percent added assures complete seating of the connector.5 pounds per pin. if the PARS sample was 10 pounds per pin and PARS was set to 25%. In this technique. As an example.

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