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Marcus Garvey

The Harlem Renaissance, a Visitor's Guide

Marcus Garvey was born in St Ann's Bay, Jamaica on 17 August 1887. He was the youngest of 11 children. When he was 14 he became a printers apprentice and he led a strike for higher wages. After traveling in London and South America Marcus Garvey returned to Jamaica in 1914 and founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Garvey became a public speaker and spoke all over America telling blacks to be proud of their race and return to Africa. In 1919 Garvey founded the Black Star Line to fund transportation back to Africa. He also founded the Negro Factories Corporation to help Blacks be independent. In 1922, Garvey was arrested for mail fraud in relation to the stock of the Black Star Line. He was put in jail and later deported to Jamaica. In 1935 he moved to London and died there on in 1922, Garvey was arrested for mail fraud. In 1964 Marcus Garvey was declared Jamaicas first national hero. Phone: 325.555.0125

Luisa McGarvey Dr.Simel Blue Group 12-17-12


Published 2012

Art/Music/Writing
During the Harlem Renaissance there were many new styles of music such as Jazz, Ragtag and the Blues. Jazz became very popular during the Harlem Renaissance and musicians such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington became famous. There were also new forms of art and paintings that had a unique style. Writers such as Langston Hughes had white patrons but it was hard for a writer to keep his artistic integrity while writing for a white patron so many blacks either left their patrons or never had one.

Langston Hughes a famous writer during the Harlem Renaissance

Palmer Hayden, Jeunesse a famous painting from the Harlem Renaissance

Political/Social Impact
The Harlem renaissance was the first time a group of black writers, musicians, artists freely expressed themselves. The social impact of the Harlem Renaissance was that they showed that blacks were capable individuals and this inspired many other blacks to express themselves. During the Harlem Renaissance education also improved and many blacks moved to Harlem so they could attend better schools. When black professionals moved to Harlem and prospered there many others followed. In Harlem a black person could be independent and free. They began referring to themselves as the new Negro which was a black person who was proud of their race and selfassertive.

History of Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was between the end of World War 1 and the 1930s. It was a time when a lot of art, music, and literature by African Americans flourished. Harlem drew many black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars. Many of them came from the oppressive south so they could freely express themselves. The Harlem renaissance helped develop racial pride for the African Americans. The jazz and the blues of the Harlem Renaissance attracted whites to black speakeasies. Even though the Harlem Renaissance changed some whites opinion of blacks it did little to change the strict segregation.

Louis Armstrong a musician during the Renaissance

famous Harlem