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THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW Introduction I. Unique Place in the Canon Matthew's Gospel is the perfect bridge between the Old and the New Testaments. Its very first words throw us back to the forefather of the OT people of God, Abraham, and to the first great king of Israel, David. In its emphasis, strong Jewish flavor, its many quotations from the Hebrew Scriptures, and its position at the head of the NT books, Matthew is the logical place to start the Christian message to the world. II. Authorship The external evidence is ancient and universal that Matthew the tax collector, also called Levi, wrote the First Gospel. His name means ―gift of God‖ and he was one of the twelve apostles. Tradition says that Matthew preached for fifteen years in Palestine and then left to evangelize in foreign parts. It is possible that about a.d. 45 he left behind for the Jews who had accepted Jesus as their Messiah a first draft of his Gospel in Aramaic (or just the discourses of Christ), and later made a Greek edition for universal use. A similar thing was done by Matthew's contemporary, Josephus. This Jewish historian made an Aramaic first draft of his Jewish Wars and then the final form of the book in Greek. The internal evidence of the First Gospel does fit well with a devout Jew who loved the OT and was gifted as a careful writer and editor. As a civil servant of Rome, Matthew would have to be proficient in both the language of his people (Aramaic) and of the ruling authorities. (The Romans used Greek, not Latin, in the East.) The numerical details, parables regarding money, and the monetary terms all fit in with a tax collector. So does the concise, orderly style. III. Date If the widespread belief that Matthew made an Aramaic first edition of his Gospel (or at least of the sayings of Jesus) is so, a date for that of a.d. 45, fifteen years after the Ascension, would fit in with ancient tradition. He could have brought out the fuller, canonical Gospel in Greek in 50 or 55, or even later. IV. Background and Theme In his Gospel, Matthew sets out to show that Jesus is the long-expected Messiah of Israel, the only lawful Claimant to the throne of David. Matthew 1 An Introduction to Jesus the Messiah
is a record of the life of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (―father‖ and ―son‖ in Hebrew does not mean adjacently as they have no word for grandfather, or grandson. Why does the NT begins with something as seemingly dull as a family tree? Why can‘t we skip over it to where the action begins? However, the genealogy is indispensable. It lays the foundation for all that follows. Matthew is laying down the claim to the throne of David, the legal line of Jesus). The Ancestry of Jesus
fathered Isaac, Isaac fathered Jacob, and Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers. 3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez fathered Hezron, Hezron fathered Aram, (―Tamar‖: Cf. Gen 38. Perez and Zerah are the illegitimate offspring of Tamar by Judah when he thought she was a prostitute and lay with her. ―Perez‖: 10 generations to David. Ruth 4:18-22. In Leviticus an illegitimate son prohibits inheritance until the 10th generation.) 4Aram fathered Amminadab, Amminadab fathered Nahshon, and Nahshon fathered Salmon. 5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab, Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth, Obed fathered Jesse, (Rahab: of Joshua‘s time. Thus, Boaz had a Gentile mother, Rahab!) 6and Jesse fathered King David. David fathered Solomon by the wife of Uriah, (―Wife of Uriah‖ = Bathsheba). 7Solomon fathered Rehoboam, Rehoboam fathered Abijah, Abijah fathered Asaph, 8Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, Joram fathered Uzziah, 9Uzziah fathered Jotham, Jotham fathered Ahaz, Ahaz fathered Hezekiah, 10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh, Manasseh fathered Amos, and Amos fathered Josiah. 11Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the deportation to Babylon. (―Jechoniah‖: 2 Chr 36:8; Jer 22:24-30. God pronounces a blood curse on Jechoniah! Matthew takes us down the royal line through Jechoniah to David and then Joseph. The Messiah must be eligible for the throne of David, yet can‘t be under the blood curse of Jechoniah. Luke 3 gives us the answer. This genealogy from Adam to Abraham through David is the same as Matthew, but at David Luke goes through Nathan – not Solomon - down to Heli, the father of Mary. Of the house of David, yet NOT under the blood curse of Jechoniah! Some point to the different genealogies of Jesus as ―errors‖ in the Bible. However, Matthew gives the paternal genealogy of the Messiah through His legal father, and Luke 3:23 gives His maternal genealogy through His mother.) 12After the deportation to Babylon, Jechoniah fathered Salathiel, Salathiel fathered Zerubbabel, 13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud, Abiud fathered Eliakim, Eliakim fathered Azor, 14Azor fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Achim, Achim fathered Eliud, 15Eliud fathered Eleazar, Eleazar fathered Matthan, and Matthan fathered Jacob. 16Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, who was the mother of Jesus, who is called the Messiah. (Messiah is the Hebrew for the Anointed One. Christ is the Greek Translation. Very unusual to have women in a genealogy, yet in Jesus‘ we see 5 women listed: Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheba and Mary!) 17So all the generations from Abraham to David totaled fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon totaled fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Messiah there were fourteen generations. (14 = the numerical value of the Heb. name David. The throne of David ends at Babylon. If you count the generations, from Joram to Uzziah there are three guys missing: Ahaziah, Joash and Amaziah! Ahaziah was called the son-in-law to the House of Jacob and slain
by Jehu. Cf 2 Kgs 8-9. Joash was slain by the servants in 2 Kings 12 and Amaziah was slain by the people of Jerusalem in 2 Kings 14. God was visiting them because of idolatry, and fulfilled literally the punishing of the third and fourth generations. Deuteronomy 29 instructs that their names be blotted out! While you will find their records in the Old Testament, they are blotted out of the genealogy!). The Birth of Jesus (Luke 2:1-7)
the birth of Jesus the Messiah happened in this way. When his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, before they lived together she was discovered to be pregnant by the Holy Spirit. (In NT times, betrothal was a form of engagement, but more binding than engagement today, and it could be broken only by divorce. Although an engaged couple did not live together until the marriage ceremony, unfaithfulness on the part of the betrothed was treated as adultery and punishable by death. A friend of the groom was assigned to watch over the bride during the espousal period to assure her virginity until the wedding day. The espousal period was usually about one year long. The long period, in the case of a virgin, was twofold. It gave them time to make sure that she was not already pregnant by another man and it proved their dedication to each other. During this time, the man could write the bride a bill of divorce if he found anything ―unseemly‖ in her. See Deut. 24: 1,2. She would then be free to marry another man.) 19Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to disgrace her, decided to divorce her secretly. (…when he saw her 3 months later, after she returned from her visit to her cousin Elizabeth. ―Unwilling to disgrace her‖ by having her stoned to death – Lev 20:10.) 20After he had thought about it, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. “Joseph, son of David,” he said, “don‟t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. (No doubt Joseph had confronted Mary about the baby and she had told him about the angel coming to her and his message. But Joseph didn‘t believe her until the angel spoke to him in a dream. ―son of David‖: Interesting title for Joseph. David was promised by God that the Messiah would come from his line.). 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus, because he is the one who will save his people from their sins.” (The name Jesus means The Lord saves. Many seem to wish somehow to be His people, but they do not quite desire to be saved from their sins. They wish to be saved only from the consequences of their sins. Any salvation that does not save one from sinning, as well as from the consequences, is a delusion. One cannot be a part of His people while giving his allegiance to the world and the satisfying of wrongful desires). 22Now all this happened to fulfill what was declared by the Lord through the prophet when he said, (Matthew claims divine inspiration for the words of Isaiah—the Lord had spoken by the prophet at least 700 years before Christ.) 23“See, a virgin will become
‖ A young maiden becoming pregnant is not a sign fro m God. not to foretell this event. Acts 1:14.” which means. These Persians seem to know a lot more than stargazing. The star used in the biblical account was to announce the birth of Christ. More than three. (The teaching that Mary remained a virgin all of her life is disproved by the consummation of their marriage mentioned in this verse. (As a result of the angel's intervention. Note the Magi were Gentiles! Why does the Bible commend the Magi for following the star. God gave the star to the Magi to proclaim to them that the child had already been born. 8:19? Astrology is a belief that the study of the arrangement and movement of the stars can enable one to foretell events— whether they will be good or bad. i. Never before. means the incarnation of God. When they arrived they stirred up the whole town.‖ Isaiah 7:14 says that God Himself will give a ―sign. Joseph abandoned his plan to divorce Mary. Other references which indicate that Mary had children by Joseph are Mat 12:46. after which he married her. those with hatred or those paying homage! The entire world falls into one of these two categories. He continued to recognize their betrothal until Jesus' birth. ) 2and asked. the first question in the New Testament deals with the last Adam.e. citing a statement by the LORD. We assume that there were three as they gave three gifts. Dan 1:4. Isa 7:14. wise men arrived in Jerusalem from the east (―Wise men‖ = Lit. Aramaic speaking wise men from Mesopotamia.. Jerusalem at that time was not a small place to be stirred up easily. 18:10. A virgin conceiving is a supernatural sign. Mat 13:55-56. they knew that by this event that they were being moved into was a supernatural event. he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary as his wife. ―Herod‖: There were many Herods. 19:26. but an everyday occurrence. John 7:5. and in those days one must travel in large groups to survive. Some say this was not a ―virgin‖ but merely a ―young maiden.e. and so throughout the chapter. Used twice in Isaiah. or magi-astrologers.) Matthew 2 The Visit of the Wise Men 1After Jesus had been born in Bethlehem of Judea during the reign of King Herod.) 24When Joseph got up from his sleep. This is the first Herod. Isa. and they will name him Immanuel. “God with us. Two kinds of people found here in Chapter 2.” (Cf. The first question of the New Testament: ――Where is the one who was born king of the Jews? Gen 3:9 is first question of the Old Testament: God called to Adam ――Where are you?‖ The first question in the Old Testament deals with the first Adam. and Gal 1:19.) 3When King Herod heard . Mar 6:3.Matthew pregnant and give birth to a son. one each. magoi. 1 Cor 9:5. i. and he named him Jesus. Deut. when it condemns astrology – see Lev.) 25He did not have marital relations with her until she had given birth to a son. They traveled a long way. “Where is the one who was born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him. cf. John 7:3. ―Immanuel‖ = God with us.” (Wise men still seek Him. therefore must have been a large group.
but this Child is unique and must be given first place. Then they opened their treasure sacks and offered him gifts of gold. not Mary! Jesus was born in a cattle shed. as was all of Jerusalem. 5They told him.” (This secrecy betrayed his sadistic motive: he would need this information if he was unable to locate the right Child. he was put on the throne. you are by no means least among the rulers of Judah. the people of Jerusalem were troubled. (These Gentiles diligently sought for Christ. he was disturbed. This indicates that the star had not guided them all the way from the East. That‘s why the wise men from the East found the baby Jesus in a house when they arrived. because from you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel. Mark 1:2–3 combines some of Isaiah 40:3 with Malachi 3:1. For example. (Notice that they saw Jesus with His mother.) 10When they saw the star. indifferent. they set out. Herod planned to kill Him. as yet.) 7Then Herod secretly called together the wise men.the throne of David did not exist in the times of Christ. but it strengthens the point that the author is making. they were ecstatic with joy. When you find him. 4He called together all the high priests and scribes of the people and asked them where the Messiah was to be born. The combining of verses does not take away what is being said. They preserved and taught the law and served as judges in the Sanhedrin). regarding the one ―who was born king of the Jews.Matthew this. Their request of Herod. and he was also Idumaean. and myrrh. and the star they had seen in the east went ahead of them until it came and stopped over the place where the child was. too. a family opened their home to them.) 9After listening to the king. because that is what was written by the prophet: 6„O Bethlehem in the land of Judah.‟” (Micah 5:2: Ruler of Israel . The scribes of the people were lay experts in the Law of Moses. The wise men worshiped Jesus. But evidently when people heard of the baby born in a shed. they fell down and worshipped him. and later decides to pick two-year-olds and under to be slain!) 8and sent them to Bethlehem. He told them. Matthew 27:9–10 combines some of Zechariah 11:12–13 with Jeremiah 19:2. then her child. Luke 2:7. (Herod inquires as to how long the star appeared. Also. These attitudes were omens of the way in which the Messiah would be received. There are other instances where an author combines one Scripture with another.) 11After they went into the house and saw the child with his mother Mary. “As you go. tell me so that I.‖ was a calculated insult to him who had contrived and bribed his way into that office. found out from them the time the star had appeared.11 and 32:6–9. Ordinarily mention would be made of a mother first. the priests and scribes were. may go and worship him. frankincense. “In Bethlehem of Judea. They made great personal and financial sacrifices to see this Child: they traveled . Herod was paranoid that is why he built fortresses like Masada …12 in all). search carefully for the child. (The high priests were the high priest and his sons and perhaps other members of his family. (Their information makes Herod nervous as he was not King of the Jews. ―from everlasting‖: One born in Bethlehem is going to be pre-existent! How can we explain Matthew‘s apparent misquotation of Micah 5:2? The phrase that is not mentioned in Micah is actually taken from 2 Samuel 5:2 . (The star reappeared.
took the child and his mother. “Stay there until I tell you. (No one who meets Christ with a sincere heart ever returns the same way. because Herod intends to search for the child and kill him. an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. Prophet.) 12Having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod. Isa 41:8 and 42:1-4. But in Matthew the myrrh is included because His first coming is in view.is crushed. myrrh . I. take the child and his mother. and left at night for Egypt. and flee to Egypt. There will be no myrrh then because He will not suffer then. (Herod was angry that the wise men did not honor his request to tell him where the child was. There are times when the text has double meanings. 52:13-14. What evidently happened was that very . It is apparent that He was born to die. True encounter with Him transforms all of life. Ex 4:22. “Out of Egypt I called my Son.) The Massacre of the Infants 16Herod flew into a rage when he learned that he had been tricked by the wise men.e. who were two years old and younger. not necessarily all mentioned. that he is given gifts: gold and frankincense. Anyone who walks in God's will is immortal until his work is done. ―Gifts‖: Ones mentioned are gold. But that‘s not good reasoning. frankincense – priesthood. they left for their own country by a different road. It is very unlikely that Mary and Joseph would have stayed on in Bethlehem more than a few days after Jesus was born before heading back home. 15He stayed there until Herod‟s death in order to fulfill what was declared by the Lord through the prophet when he said. Priest. the Child and flee to Egypt. but no myrrh. Jer 31:9. Rom 9:4-5. Isaiah was speaking of Christ's second coming—His coming in power and great glory. here in Hosea means both Israel nationally and Jesus when God calls His son out of Egypt. but only at the appointed time. and be willing to sacrifice everything for so great a privilege as meeting the King. according to the time that he had determined from the wise men.” (Hosea 11:1: 700 years before! Cf.Matthew a great distance. an ointment or spice for burial. some claim that Jesus must have been two years old when the wise men came. “Get up. Question: What insect went to Egypt on a donkey? The Flea: The angel told Joseph to take Mary. Because of the wording here. and gave extravagant gifts to this newborn King. we find from Isaiah. ) 14So Joseph got up. so he ordered the execution of all the male children in Bethlehem and all its neighboring regions.” (From infancy the threat of death hung over our Lord. Those who are wise today will listen for His voice. frankincense and myrrh. Why was myrrh omitted? Because His death is behind Him. and King. but instead they left secretly. Maybe others but these mentioned because they are prophetic: gold – deity.) The Escape to Egypt 13After they had gone.” he said. Israel nationally is spoken of as God‘s son. spent months away from their homes. follow His guidance. In the millennium.
” 21So Joseph got up. Matthew 3 John the Baptist Prepares the Way (Mark 1:1-8. Cf Isa 53:3. Nazoraios may be a word play between Heb. Rachel was crying for her children. Zech. He felt sure to get Him if he put on the two-year limit. and she is represented figuratively here as rising from her grave to lament with screams of soulpiercing anguish. 22But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea in place of his father Herod. 20“Get up. the slaughter by Herod. The reason Herod ordered all boys two years of age and under be put to death was because he didn‘t want his soldiers to misjudge Jesus‘ age and pass Him up. A more probable explanation is that ―Nazarene‖ is used to describe anyone who lived in Nazareth. and go to the land of Israel. 12:10. Then following that. Ps 22:6.” (Rachel was buried near Bethlehem. 18“A voice was heard in Ramah: wailing and great mourning. Isa 11:1 . a despised place ―on the other side of the tracks.” (Didn‘t Matthew make a mistake by claiming a prophecy that is not found in the OT? Matthew did not say that any particular OT ―prophet‖ stated this. Herod no doubt would have put the age limit much higher than two years). The Gk. So when verse 23 says He will be called a Nazarene. “Take the child and his mother. it means that He would be treated with contempt. 9:26. meaning branch .‖ Nathaniel expresses this by a proverbial question in John 1:46. netser. 17Then what was declared by the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled when he said.cf. after having been warned in a dream. It is amazing that when the mighty God came to earth.Heb 13:13). 15-17. because they no longer existed. John 1:19-28) .Matthew shortly after Mary and Joseph had taken Jesus to the Temple – Luke 2:22-39 – they were visited by the wise men. they were immediately directed to take Jesus to Egypt. took the child and his mother. Jer 31:15) The Return to Nazareth 19But after Herod died. She no doubt represented the many mothers in Israel who had lost their little sons and were now weeping and wailing hysterically. So he left for the region of Galilee 23and settled in a town called Nazareth in order to fulfill what was said by the prophets: “He will be called a Nazarene. Those who follow Him are privileged to share His reproach . he was afraid to go there. an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt.and the name Nazareth. He was given a nickname of reproach. and went into the land of Israel. Luke 3:1-9. Dan. So we should not expect to find any given verse. She refused to be comforted. but simply a general truth found in many prophets to correspond to His Nazarene-like character. He simply affirmed that the OT ―prophets‖ predicted that Jesus would be called a Nazarene.” he said. If the wise men had come when Jesus was two years of age. Cf. because those who were trying to kill the child are dead.
not the Church. The Church prefers to fish on dry land rather than get its feet wet. his father was Zacarias. (Baptism was a Jewish ritual. It must have been a convicting. Jesus was an open-air preacher. Here they are identifying with the confession of their sins. in the desert .Matthew 1About this time. all Judea. scalding experience to meet John —a man who cared for none of the things that people ordinarily live for.‖ He who loves his neighbor as himself will be concerned for his eternal welfare. Thank God that the disciples didn‘t stay in the upper room. People complain that they do not know how to take hold of this matter. If we are serious about reaching this world. John the Baptist was an open-air preacher. a good open-air preacher can reach more sinners than the average church does in twelve months. Baptism is a way of identifying with something. Peter preached in the open-air at Pentecost and Paul chose to stand on Mars Hill and preach open-air to the Athenians.M. 7 P. . and the entire region along the Jordan began flocking to him. (Very similar to the description of Elijah in 2 Kgs 1. They must change directions.) 5Then the people of Jerusalem. The gospel is for the world. In thirty minutes. preaching in the Judean wilderness. but like King Og. the ―Sermon on the Mount‖ in the open -air. Charles Finney put his finger on the reason why: ―It is the great business of every Christian to save souls. but He would not reign over people who clung to their sins. 6being baptized by him in the Jordan River while they confessed their sins. He preached the greatest sermon of all time. Sin – anything morally wrong. They have never taken the proper pains to qualify themselves for the work. the reason is plain enough.). We take sinners to meetings rather than meetings to sinners. He is preaching out of the camp. we seem to have it backwards. They didn‘t carpet the building. must confess and forsake their sins. He who couldn‘t care less that every day multitudes of living people are being swallowed by the jaws of hell has a heart of stone indeed. His self-renunciation was a stinging rebuke to the worldliness of his day. used ceremonially. pad the pews then put a notice outside the front door saying. His absorption with spiritual realities must have made others realize how poor they were. (30 years between chapters 2 & 3! ―John the Baptist‖: Not to be confused with John the gospel writer. Isa 40:3) 4John had clothing made of camel‟s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist. Why.) 3He was the one the prophet Isaiah was referring to when he said. how you may successfully act in building up the kingdom of Christ. John the Baptist was born into the priesthood.‖ Two-thirds of ―God‖ is ―go‖. One-third of the word ―gospel‖ is ―go. therefore must have rejected the Levitical/Talmudic establishment. “He is a voice calling out in the wilderness: „Prepare the way for the Lord! Make his paths straight!‟” (Prophesied by Isaiah over seven hundred years before his time: Cf. John the Baptist appeared. His diet consisted of grasshoppers and wild honey. who wrote 5 books of the New Testament. ―Tonight: Gospel outreach service. they have never studied it. If you do not make it a matter of study.‖ The King would soon appear. you are acting a very wicked and absurd part as a Christian.‖ They went into the open air. because the kingdom from heaven is near!” (The first word John the Baptist preached to Israel was ―repent. let us follow in the footsteps of Jesus and the apostles and preach where sinners gather. —all welcome. 2“Repent.
or disobedience to God, parents, the state, etc.) 7But when John saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he told them, “You children of serpents! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? (Jewish leaders upset at lack of attendance to their rituals came to look, to see what was going on, but they refused to be affected by his preaching or to be baptized. Luke 7:30. ―Children of serpents‖: To a Pharisee this refers to Gen 3:15, the seed of the serpent. He is calling them the sons of Satan! ―Pharisees‖ = ―separatists,‖ the legalists, the ritualists, out of them come the traditions of the Talmudic Jew. ―Sadducees‖ = liberalists, modernists, humanists, religious skeptics, denied the inspiration of the Word. They didn‘t believe in the existence of angels, the immortality of the soul, and eternal punishment. They also didn‘t believe in the resurrection. That‘s why they are ―sad-usee.‖) 8Produce fruit that is consistent with repentance! (True repentance amounts to nothing whatever if it produces only a few tears, a spasm of regret, a little fright. We must leave the sins we repent of and walk in the new, clean ways of holiness.) 9Don‟t think you can say to yourselves, „We have father Abraham!‟ because I tell you that God can raise up descendants for Abraham from these stones! (―these stones‖: Josh 3, the stone monuments as a memorial for the crossing of the Jordan River. The saying is true that God has no grandchildren. No one becomes a child of God just because of godly parents or other ancestors. The same is true for Jews.) 10The ax already lies against the roots of the trees. So every tree that isn‟t producing good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire. (John was saying that a work of divine judgment was about to begin. Christ's arrival and presence would test all men. Cf. John 15:1-6) 11I am baptizing you with water as evidence of repentance, but the one who is coming after me is stronger than I am, and I am not worthy to carry his sandals. It is he who will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. (The original Greek word for baptize is ―baupto‖ and means to dip, to immerse. The baptism with the Holy Spirit is distinct from the baptism with fire. The former is a baptism of blessing, the latter of judgment. The former took place at Pentecost, the latter is still future. The former is enjoyed by all true believers in the Lord Jesus, the latter will be the fate of all unbelievers. The former would be for those Israelites whose baptism was an outward sign of inward repentance, the latter would be for the Pharisees, Sadducees, and all who showed no evidence of true repentance. Some teach that the baptism with the Holy Spirit and the baptism with fire are the same event, i.e., could not the baptism with fire refer to the tongues of fire that appeared when the Spirit was given at Pentecost? In light of verse 12 which equates fire with judgment, it probably does not.) 12His winnowing fork is in his hand. He will clean up his threshing floor and gather his grain into the barn, but he will burn the chaff with inextinguishable fire.” (The fire in verse 12 means judgment, and since this verse is an amplification of verse 11, it is reasonable to conclude that the baptism with fire is a baptism of judgment.) Jesus is Baptized
(Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22)
Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John. (Jesus walked approximately sixty miles from Galilee to the lower Jordan River to be baptized by John. This indicates the importance which He attached to this ceremony and it should indicate the significance of baptism for His followers today.) 14But John tried to stop him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and are you coming to me?” (John didn‘t yet know that Jesus was the Messiah – see verses 16-17 and John 1:31-34, but they were second cousins – Luke 1:5-56 – and John had undoubtedly been deeply impressed for years by Jesus‘ complete dedication to God.) 15But Jesus answered him, “Let it be this way for now, because this is the proper way for us to fulfill all righteousness.” At this, he permitted him to be baptized. (Why did Jesus insist upon being baptized? Baptism usually associated with the confession of sins. Did Jesus have any sins to confess? He was sinless: 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Pet 2:22; 1 John 3:5; John 14:30. See Isa 53:12. At John‘s baptism, Jesus is declaring publicly His identity with the sinner.) 16When Jesus had been baptized, he immediately came up out of the water. Suddenly, the heavens opened up for him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him. (Cf John 1:29-34) 17Then a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love. I am pleased with him!” (This is His formal opening for His ministry. Just as persons and things in the OT were consecrated to sacred purposes by ―the holy anointing oil‖ - Ex 30:25-30, so He was anointed Messiah by the Holy Spirit. Appropriate that this event is commemorated by the Trinity, Father through the voice, Holy Spirit through the dove-like descending and the Son being baptized. The last time a voice from heaven was heard was at Mt Sinai when the Law was given. How interesting it is that the same voice which gave the law, is now announcing the remedy for breaking the law, namely, His Son. This is one of three occasions when the Father spoke from heaven in delighted acknowledgment of His unique Son. The other places are Mat 17:5 and John 12:28.) Matthew 4 Jesus is Tempted by Satan (Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13)
this, Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. (Mark 1:12 indicates this happened immediately after Jesus‘ baptism. Why should the Holy Spirit lead Him into such an encounter? The answer is that this temptation was necessary to demonstrate His moral fitness to do the work for which He had come into the world. The first Adam proved his unfitness for dominion when he met the adversary in the Garden of Eden. Here the last Adam meets the devil in a head-on confrontation and emerges unscathed. The purpose of the temptation was not to see if He would sin, but to prove that even under tremendous pressure He could do nothing
but obey the Word of God. There is deep mystery connected with the temptation of our Lord. Inevitably the question arises, ―Could He have sinned?‖ If we answer ―No,‖ then we must face the further question, ―How could it be a real temptation if He could not yield?‖ If we answer ―Yes,‖ we are faced with the problem of how God incarnate could sin. Like us, Jesus could be tempted from without: Satan came to Him with suggestions contrary to the will of God. But unlike us, He could not be tempted from within—no sinful lusts or passions could originate in Him. Furthermore, there was nothing in Him that would respond to the devil's seductions (John 14:30; 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Pet 2:22; 1 John 3:5). 2After fasting for 40 days and 40 nights, he finally became hungry. (The number 40 in Scripture is frequently used in contexts of testing or probation. Moses, David, etc. all went into the wilderness, typically for 40 days for a time of fasting and prayer. ―Fasting‖: Many different kinds. Extended fasts, second and third days are tough, yet after third day, easier for about another 37 days. Around 40th day you will be desperately in need of food in a medical sense.) 3Then the tempter came. “Since you are the Son of God,” he said, “tell these stones to become loaves of bread.” (What is wrong with turning rocks into bread? The fast is over and he is validity hungry. Is there anything wrong, morally, legally, levitically with being hungry? Jesus has used His supernatural power in other incidents to feed the multitudes, so why not use it now? The issue is not Him providing for His needs, but rather the Father‘s Will. Jesus discerned that it was not the Father‘s Will for Him to take this path. For us, we can‘t turn rocks into bread so we are not tempted by this incident. However, you are never tempted to do something which you are not capable of doing. You won‘t stumble in your weak suit; you will stumble in your strong suit. For example, Peter - his strongest capability was boldness and courage. Where did Peter fail? Lack of Courage, the night Jesus was betrayed he denied Jesus three times! The way we fall is through PRIDE.) 4But he answered, “It is written, „One must not live on bread alone, but on every word coming out of the mouth of God.‟” (―it is written‖: In all three responses, Jesus counters by quoting the Scriptures. Incidentally, all responses were from the book of Deuteronomy. Bread here includes all material food. It can also refer to much more than food. Cf. Deut 8:3. Bread alone does not fill a person‘s need. We must also feast, meditate on, and store away in our minds and hearts, every word that God has given us. ―Every word‖: Not just New Testament, not just the Psalms... Every word.) 5Then the devil took him to the Holy City and had him stand on the highest point of the Temple. (Implies that they were transported supernaturally.) 6He told Jesus, “Since you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, because it is written, „God will put his angels in charge of you,‟ and, „With their hands they will hold you up, so that you will never hit your foot against a rock.‟” (Satan is quoting Scripture. Satan probably knows the Bible better than you do, don‘t be surprised . Acts 17:11. When Satan quotes Scripture, it is out of context. Quoting from Ps 91:11,12 phrase left out to protect you in all your ways. ―to protect you in all your ways.‖... Satan is misquoting the Psalm and misapplying it.) 7Jesus responded to him, “It is also written, „You must not tempt the Lord your God.‟” (Jesus rebuts with Scripture. Cf. Deut 6:13,16)
) 11So the devil left him. but that he is powerless against those who resist him with the Word of God. he has location.‖) . across the Jordan. Jesus Christ knew that He was destined to rule. “Go away. 15“O Land of Zebulun and Land of Naphtali. topically.. Cf. in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali. one must believe that one can deliver what is offered.) 13He left Nazareth and settled in Capernaum by the sea. Satan must really possess them! Cf 2 Cor 4:4. on Naphtali.) 17From then on. Why do Matthew and Luke differ in the order of Christ's temptations? Cf. 9He told Jesus. along with their splendor. Yet also the region which is north and has a lot of deep pagan background. It was not fear that drove Him north to Galilee. a light has risen. on the road to the sea. 14in order to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said. thereby showing that he is NOT omnipresent. Luke 4:5–12. Luke 4:5: In order to be tempted. he will flee from you.‟” (Cf Deut 6:13.Matthew 8Once more the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world. From the temptation of Jesus. there were also Jewish settlements and that is whom he is dealing with. „You must worship the Lord your God and serve only him. It may be that Matthew describes these temptations chronologically while Luke lists them climactically. which is Gentile country. because the kingdom from heaven is near!” (―Began to announce‖: Starts his public ministry. and for those living in the land and shadow of death.) Jesus Begins His Ministry in Galilee (Mark 1:14-15. Like John the Baptist. “Repent. Satan! Because it is written.e. i. Gen 49:21. Gen 49:13 .blessing/prophecy on Zebulun. (Scripture says if you resist the devil. Jesus here resists him three times and the devil fled. (A whole year passed between verses 11 and 12. for Jesus to be tempted by Satan‘s offer of all the nations of the world. This one year period is covered in John 1-4.” (Note that the light would be brought to the Galilee. he went back to Galilee. 1 John 5:19. Jesus‘ first word in preaching to Israel was ―repent. Matthew is pointing out that those prophecies of those two tribes are being fulfilled in the fact that the Messiah of Israel is present in their borders and is beginning to preach. we learn that the devil can attack those who are controlled by the Holy Spirit. so what is Satan really offering Him? A shortcut! Bypassing the cross!) 10Then Jesus told him. Galilee of the unbelievers! (Quoting from Isa 9:12.) 16The people living in darkness have seen a great light. that is. Luke 4:14-15) 12Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested. He can be bound. Satan does leave. Actually He was going right into the center of Herod's kingdom—the same king who had just imprisoned John. and angels came and began ministering to him. “I will give you all these things if you will bow down and worship me!” (The devil tempted Jesus to become a Satan worshiper. Jesus began to announce.
The concept of a ―calling‖ also involves the leaving behind of the old life. Remember that if you are not fishing. Where. ―I need some directions. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee repairing their nets. (This ―calling‖ involves not just ―leaving‖ but also ―cleaving‖. Where are you on your spiritual journey? What is happening spiritually in your life? 3. are you 100 percent sure that you would go to heaven? 4. chapter 1 we see that they were interested in his ministry. Do you want to go to heaven? 8. to use the proper lure. Note that to embrace a calling by the Lord Jesus Christ involves leaving and . Do you know where you are going if you were to die tonight? If you are open-air preaching you can also use any of the following to start preaching and go from there: 1. By responding to the call of Christ.) 19“Follow me. we would never have heard of them. If you were to die tonight and stand in front of God. tattoo. (They immediately left the boat. jewelry? 7. the disciple learns to go where the fish are swimming. ―Why should I let you into heaven?‖ what would you tell Him? 5.” he told them. folks! Eternity is long! Where will you go when you pass on? It‘s going to be Heaven or it‘s going to be hell! So repent while you‘re able! Details in the Bible!) 20So at once they left their nets and followed him. son of Zebedee. Had they remained at their nets. and to keep out of sight. Luke 5:1-11) 18While Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee.it was their profession in a very deep cultural sense. 22they immediately left the boat and their father and followed him.. most likely their fathers were fishermen. to be patient. In the gospel of John. They did not change careers like we do! To leave their nets behind was a non-trivial step. to endure discomfort and inconvenience. and his brother John. Another reason people don‘t share their faith is that they don‘t know how to. You can use any of the following questions to start witnessing: 1. What is the most important thing in the world to you? On the day you die. Also found in Gen 2:24 in the context of marriage. They were fishermen. which is different. Here He is calling them to service. Recognition of the lordship of Christ makes all the difference in the world. what do you think will be the most important thing to you? 9. If you died tonight. Life is short.. Can you help me out? I am trying to get to heaven. and He asked. he saw two brothers— Simon (also called Peter) and his brother Andrew.Matthew Jesus Calls Four Fishermen (Mark 1:16-20. do you know how to get there?‖ 2. these fishermen became key figures in the evangelization of the world. and their father. what do you think is on the other side? What do you think is out there when you walk out of here? 6. Why do you wear that cross. They were casting a net into the sea. o where will you spend eternity? Heaven or hell when you die! This is your wake-up call! 2. When he called them. When you die. almost as a disciple. you are not following! The number one reason people don‘t share their faith is that their walk doesn‘t match their talk. tshirt.) 21Going on from there he saw two other brothers—James. because they were fishermen. “and I will make you fishers of people!” (In following Christ. (This was not the first time that they met Jesus Christ.
He is talking to His disciples. which is a real spiritual malady). the Decapolis. His followers. the Ten Cities. Judea. now called the Golan. or men of rank or power. and the paralyzed—and he healed them. 2and he began to teach them: (This is the greatest sermon ever preached by the greatest evangelist who ever lived. ―taking his seat‖: Shows His authority. because the kingdom from heaven belongs to them! (To be destitute or poor in spirit is to have a humble opinion of ourselves.. Interesting who Jesus called. 25Large crowds from Galilee.) The Blessed Attitudes (Luke 6:20-23) 3“How blessed are those who are destitute in spirit. as opposed to demon possession. the epileptics. (Throughout all Syria.‖ The Kingdom refers to both the Kingdom of God in Heaven and God‘s Kingdom on earth. teaching in their synagogues. to fully realize what sinners we are. Rather He called people of 1 Cor 1:26. Cf Mat 7:28-29). Epilepsy is a real medical malady. It is to be willing to be saved only by God‘s rich grace and mercy. ―demons‖ are not an Old English euphemism for talking about psychiatric problems. and . men of influence. He wasn‘t talking to them. the demon-possessed. After taking his seat. The term means ―good news of salvation. and that doesn‘t mean everyone present was His disciple as He does make reference to the Scribes and the Pharisees. not men of letters.) Jesus Ministers to Many People (Luke 6:17-19) 23Then he went throughout Galilee. and serve and obey Him now as our Lord and King on earth. If we expect to be in His Kingdom in Heaven. and that there is no way that we can save ourselves.) 24His fame spread throughout Syria. Demon possession will be encountered later in Matthew.) Matthew 5 Jesus Teaches about the Kingdom 1When Jesus saw the crowds. He was talking to His followers. his disciples came to him (―His disciples came to him‖: Don‘t assume that there were 12. he went up on the hill. we must turn from our sinning and rebellion. a loose federation of ten cities strongly influenced by Greek culture. proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom. ―Decapolis‖ = Lit. and from across the Jordan followed him.Matthew cleaving. Jerusalem. (Verse 23 is the first use of gospel in the NT. (Starting to gain a widespread following. and healing every disease and every illness among the people. and people brought to him everyone who was sick—those afflicted with various diseases and pains..
which so dishonors God…God of all comfort . and over all sin. By making peace. but for righteousness' sake. not for their own wrongdoings. and God will one day acknowledge them as people who bear the family likeness. to be where God wants us to be. but especially mourning over our sin. the King. whose thoughts are holy. 2 Tim 2:12. and to come alive to God‘s plans and desires for us. because it is they who will inherit the earth! (To be humble or meek is not an inferiority complex. 1 Pet 2:19-22. and those who help keep peace between followers of Christ. reigns for a thousand years in peace and prosperity. To hunger and thirst for righteousness. a surrender of our rights. It is the receiving of injuries with a belief that God will vindicate us. 1 Cor 6:7. no matter who or how many make up the opposition. Rev 2:26-27.) 5“How blessed are those who are humble. God has been merciful to us. This is evidence of your new life in Christ. 21:7) 6“How blessed are those who are hungry and thirsty for righteousness. And they will literally inherit the earth and reign with Christ over it when Christ. because it is they who will see God! (―pure in heart‖: Singleness in purpose. to go where He wants us to go.Matthew then to be willing to do what God wants us to do. To be merciful means to be actively compassionate. A pure-hearted person is one whose motives are unmixed. heal the broken hearted in Ps 34:8. read the account of the Judgment in Matthew 25:31-46. Being meek is not being a doormat. and their focus is on God‘s glory above all else. Believers do all their mourning in this life. How do you know if you‘re saved? One way you can tell is by checking your appetites.) 8“How blessed are those who are pure in heart. because it is they who will receive mercy! (―merciful‖: Why? Basis of all of God‘s dealings for us. People hate a . believers manifest themselves as sons of God. Cf 1 Pet 2:21. to say what He wants us to say.) 9“How blessed are those who make peace. It is to such people that Jesus promises Heaven. In a wider sense it means to help others in need who cannot help themselves. because it is they who will be satisfied! (… at all times and in every situation. and so it should be reflexive. Persecuted. not choosing to neglect or ignore anything that God‘s desire or command. 5:10.) 4“How blessed are those who mourn. Rom 8:28. for unbelievers. So good that you have nothing to prove. because the kingdom from heaven belongs to them! (This would include taking a firm stand for what you know is right. must be saved in the first place! If you do have this appetite. Cf Rom 12:19. it will be fulfilled. today's grief is only a foretaste of eternal sorrow. It is strength under control. The only reason given why those at His right hand receive mercy is because they have shown mercy to Jews and followers of Christ.) 7“How blessed are those who are merciful.1 Cor 2:14. For a graphic picture of the truth of this statement by Christ.) 10“How blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness‟ sake. because it is they who will be comforted! (…mourning with those who mourn. because it is they who will be called God‟s children! (The greatest peacemakers are those who work for peace between God and mankind – thru Jesus Christ. nor cowardice.Cf 2 Cor 1:3. Cf Ps 37. In one sense it means to withhold punishment from offenders who deserve it. It means to die to all selfish ambitions for ourselves. whose conscience is clean. Rev 21:4. what do you hunger and thirst after? The natural man will have nothing of this .
It is recorded in Luke 6:22-23 that Christ told those who were persecuted for their faithfulness to leap for joy when they were persecuted for their faithful and outspoken testimony. because your reward in heaven is great! That‟s how they persecuted the prophets who came before you.Matthew righteous life because it exposes their own unrighteousness. and it also creates thirst. how can it be made salty again? It‟s good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled on by people. and killed followers of Jesus. Christ doesn‘t promise popularity in the present life when you do this. History has confirmed this: from the outset the world has persecuted. Cf Mat 16:24-27. It preserves materials from corruption. The great reward that is assured by Christ is the reason for the extreme happiness to be expressed at such a time – and in all future time as we continue faithful. is to be outspoken as Christ and the apostles were and to teach what they taught! There are so many these days who are called ―a really nice guy‖ who preach a watered-down. some not so subtle. If a disciple fails to be the salt of the earth by living out the terms of discipleship listed in the Beatitudes.) 11“How blessed are you whenever people insult you. without compromise. and like His faithful servants of the past who have faithfully preached the whole message of the New Testament. And consider Romans 10:9-10 . and introduces flavor. Be like Christ. If people persecuted Him. No doubt. That‘s the reason to be extremely glad in such persecution.” (The rewards promised in Heaven for being faithful will so far outweigh the temporary value of any earthly loss or harm. men will tread his testimony under their feet. the greater the dedication. from the distant past to the recent past. But consider the great results. they will persecute you. Cf Mat 13:21. Some persecution will be subtle. but He does promise a GREAT REWARD in Heaven. The rewards will be extremely great! See 1 Cor 2:9. The world has only contempt for an undedicated believer. and that‘s all they will have.) Salt and Light in the World (Mark 9:50. that there is just no way of comparing the two values. (―salt of the world‖: Salt was used as a preservative. persecute you. the greater the reward. and there‘s no telling what the final great results will be. Mark 9:50. But if the salt should lose its taste. Never feel sorry for yourself under persecution. as mentioned in the next verse. but rejoice – leap for joy! Your future is great! Jesus guarantees it. Luke 14:34-35. Do lukewarm ―Christians‖ and unbelievers speak well of you? If so read what Christ has to say about you in Luke 6:26. easy way to Heaven. 2 Tim 3:12. jailed. Always keep that in mind! Always!) 12Rejoice and be extremely glad. and say all sorts of evil things against you falsely because of me! (Expect persecution when you go all out for Him in all things. To be like the prophets of old. They are a stench and a disgrace to Christianity! You cannot be like them and expect a great reward in Heaven. Luke 14:34-35) 13“You are the salt of the world. They want their rewards now. and the greater the loss of worldly success and acceptance. Live and speak boldly for God right where you are.
(Monastic error: Some who wanted to pursue spiritual growth would withdraw from the world and hide themselves in a monastery.) 19So whoever sets aside one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom from .” (Speaking to saved. and it gives light to everyone in the house. Nothing in Scripture. then ‗Let your light shine to all. Have you let your light shine before men or have you hidden your light? Does your family know about God? Have you ever witnessed to your friends. So be visible in the stand you take for Christ. We should be set on a hill. What is it about you that is to ―illuminate‖ others? Your life is to show the light of Jesus Christ. neighbors and co-workers about the God of the Bible? Is there any darkness in your personal life and are you willing to take your light into darkness and expose sin for Jesus? And just how bright is that light of yours. He did not intend that we hoard the light of His teaching for ourselves. We should be preaching on the housetops. even in what might seem small unimportant details. and the witness you give for Him. He came to fulfil for us. Cf. Error because one is not to hide their light under a basket. A city located on a hill can‟t be hidden.46. 9:5. let your light shine before people in such a way that they will see your good actions and glorify your Father in heaven. So all these demands. I didn‟t come to destroy them. is without significance. lifting up our voice like a trumpet to show this people their transgression. Jesus came to fulfill the Law on our behalf.Matthew here. but grace and truth by the Lord Jesus Christ. (―light of the world‖: Source of light is Jesus Christ.) 18because I tell all of you with certainty that until heaven and earth disappear. However. John Wesley said: ―If doing a good act in public will excite others to do more good. are you a beacon or a flash light with dying batteries? Many can use the keyboard to be a light but what about the real world? Do people in your neighborhood know you are saved and have you been a witness to people in your city or do you only shine that light on Sunday for one hour? Have you shined that light publicly and do you radiant the glory of God. even the smallest stroke.) 14“You are the light of the world. Where is your light to shine? It is to illuminate those around you. or just keep your faith personal and private?) Jesus Fulfills the Law and the Prophets 17“Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. Some people say that religion is a personal thing and it should be kept to oneself. Your works do not cause your light. The law came by Moses. (Jesus believed in the literal inspiration of the Bible. John 8:12. Jesus tells us that the gospel of salvation is the good news of everlasting life and is for this dying world.) 15People don‟t light a lamp and put it under a basket but on a lamp stand. not one letter or one stroke of a letter will disappear from the Law until everything has been accomplished.) 16In the same way. rather it is your light that causes your works. but to fulfill them. but that we share it with others. (Are Christians still under the law of Moses? Jesus assumes an authority higher than Moses. 12:3536.‘ Miss no opportunity to do good‖.
If anyone was righteous. Maybe misguided and mistaught. It is a place of eternal. they tried to adhere to the keeping of the Law. Jesus elevated the Law from an external act to the internal motives of the heart. it doesn‘t matter what we believe. (Most people can find what they think is a valid cause for their anger. 16:23. Yet. conscious torment and suffering. And whoever says to his brother „Raka!‟ will be subject to the Council. anyone who is angry with his brother without a cause will be subject to punishment. We may believe that the earth is flat. Exodus 20:13. but anger is justified only when God's honor is at stake or when someone else is being wronged. Deut 5:17 & Exod 21:12. unless your righteousness greatly exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees. 11:23. Anyone that tries to reconcile himself to God by his works. Matt. the abode of the dead or unseen world. But whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom from heaven (This is not referring to your future position in the Kingdom of Heavenm. people who used the word Raca were subject to trial before the Sanhedrin. 23:15. but it does. „You fool!‟ will be subject to hell fire.) 23“So if you are presenting your gift at the altar and remember there . Hell is a very real place. It is never right when expressed in retaliation for personal wrongs.) Teaching about Anger 21“You have heard that it was told those who lived long ago.‖ Remember. 45. they were zealous and sincere. ―You Fool!‖ merits Hell? A ―fool‖ signifies someone who ought to be dead and it expresses the wish that he were. God sees the thought-life: He weighs our motives and judges the intent of the hearts. Hades. In Jesus' day. a place of eternal torment. Unbelief doesn‘t change reality. it matters what is true.) 20because I tell you. it was the scribes and Pharisees. such people won‘t even make it into the Kingdom of Heaven. but as to how those presently in the Kingdom of Heaven view you. Lev 24:17) 22But I say to you. Gehenna is permanent. We may believe that poison doesn‘t kill. Jesus states that one must exceed their righteousness. ―Raka" is Aramaic for ―You worthless one‖. „Whoever murders will be subject to punishment. his rules.In the cultural awareness of that day. Luke 12:5. 18:9. his legalism is pharisaical. 47. „You are not to commit murder. 10:28. a place of irrevocable alienation from God. ―God damn you!‖ He is calling on God to consign the victim to hell. Jesus spoke of it thirty-three times. so there can‘t be one. describing its horrors in graphic detail. These words would have astounded Jesus‘ hearers.‟ (Cf. Jesus says that the one who utters such a curse is in danger of hell fire.‟ and. We need to convince people of its reality and warn them not to go there. especially Christ and the Father. these were the ones closest to perfection. Because according to the next verse. There are some who will say: ―I don‘t believe in hell. the highest court in the land. but it is not. Cf. a place without hope. And whoever says. according to the Bible. Exod 20:13.Matthew heaven. Today it is common to hear a person cursing another with the words. ―Hell‖ is ―ghenna‖ vs. you will never enter the kingdom from heaven!” (The scribes and Pharisees were not insincere. Mark 9:43.
because we can lust with our eyes closed. The crime is in the heart. You are invited to make amends with God by turning from your rebellion against Him to obeying Him. you do not satisfy the sex urge.) 30And if your right hand causes you . It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body thrown into hell. (The passion you have not turned away from. He says ―But I say. God has a lawsuit against you. Adultery in Israel was a capital crime. not in the act.) Teaching about Adultery 27“You have heard that it was said.. He meant to shock us and motivate us to be serious about taking precautions in this sin and to not ignore the reality of hell.e. and if we nourish it. and you will be thrown into prison. Deut 5:18) 28But I say to you.) 26I tell you with certainty. Jesus is saying that the crime of adultery is not committed in the act. you pour oil on a fire to quench it. the wrong you have not made right. you will not get out of there until you pay back the last dollar!” (Lit.‖ He is amplifying with His own authority what the Law says explicitly. See 1 Corinthians 11.) 25Come to terms quickly with your opponent while you are on the way to court. (Even though these words are written in a Jewish context. Don‘t delay! Eternity is much nearer than you think. anyone who stares at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. that does not mean there is no application today. why does He tell us we better take drastic measures not to lust? I do not believe that the end result He intended was literally pluck an eye out. Jesus is talking about our relationship with God and what God sees. Cf 2 Pet 2:14).‟ (Cf. or your opponent may hand you over to the judge. ―If you think or act adultery. the Bible doesn‘t condemn looking at a pretty girl. and the judge to the guard. Then come and offer your gift. Exod 20:14. A good way to take this very prudent advice from the Lord is this: You are a sinner. 24leave your gift there before the altar and first go and be reconciled to your brother. 29So if your right eye causes you to sin. This principle is what is underlying His whole reinterpretation of the Law of Moses. Cf. it is committed in the intent of the heart. „You are not to commit adultery. i. it condemns ―lust.‖ Sin begins in the mind. about 1/64 of a daily wage for a common worker. Men will often try to justify lust by saying that there‘s nothing wrong with looking at a pretty girl. Paul interprets this concept in relation to the Lord's Supper. There‘s only one breath between you and death. and trusting in Jesus as your Savior. The act is what we presumably could perceive or judge or deal with. God receives no worship from a believer who is not on speaking terms with another. Ex 20. and He will save your soul. will meet you as your adversary at the judgment bar of God. tear it out and throw it away. If you die in your sins you will never live where God lives. Now is the time you must come to an agreement with God. (Jesus spoke with authority. Accept His invitation at once. quadran. and He sees into our heart. we eventually commit the act. (For those who think of Jesus as one who would not judge someone to Hell.Matthew that your brother has something against you.‖ The conscience knows the difference. True.
is teaching that the relationship in the circumstance of a remarriage is ―committing adultery‖. Mark 10:1-12. that is premarital sex during the espousal period of Mat 1:18… from moichao/adultery. If you are caught stealing.‟ (Cf.) Teaching about Divorce (Matthew 19:1-12. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body go into hell. except for sexual immorality. Jesus is instructing us in what God‘s righteousness is. in the original Greek language. and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.Matthew to sin. and it became a loop-hole for the other person to leave. He was not talking about those who had been married for 10-15 years. cut it off and throw it away from you. sexually. Not only was a thief marked by their impediment. No.‖ It is a continuing tense. Deut 24:1. The court can decide if one is being tried for the third time for a petty offense. 22:13-22.) 32But I say to you. written in what is called the present indicative tense. Jesus called lust adultery. You can see that by using two different words. but also ostracized from society. That was the only ―escape clause‖ that Jesus points out. Your right hand is the only hand that you are allowed to eat with in the Arab cultures. in this Greek tense. Jesus. along with the Arabian people and other Semitic cultures. Moichao. and that which still prevails in the orthodox Jewish communities of today. we have to lay aside our emotions on this . any man who divorces his wife. Deut. The word for adultery is a completely different word in the Greek. Luke 16:18) 31“It was also said. this is not referring to that–not in the context of understanding a Jewish view of marriage.” (―Sexual immorality‖ = Literally fornication. „Whoever divorces his wife must give her a written notice of divorce. Jesus told his Jewish audience that they could not ―divorce‖ except for ―porneia‖ which means fornication or in today‘s vernacular. then one of the spouses had an affair. then.3. during betrothal. He did not use the words commits adultery in a tense that meant ―one time. they cut off your right hand. If just after the wedding it was discovered that there were no ―tokens of virginity‖. no matter what we think about it. premarital sex. causes her to commit adultery. ―Right Hand‖: In Moslem countries. the setting in which Jesus was speaking. This indicates a situation that started at some point and is continuing. The words ―commits adultery‖ are. He had twenty-four hours to decide. in that case. that is sex outside of marriage. Now. Jesus is separating Porneia/fornication. a young man could legally put away that wife. A severe interpretation of the divorce laws. The parents would willingly write up a divorcement and the young man was free to go and marry again with nothing behind him. The exception Jesus mentioned here dealt specifically with a violation. they have a concept of being socially unredeemable. If adultery is grounds for divorce and remarriage I am sure almost every man and woman has the right to divorce at least one time in their marriage. had children.” (What the Lord is pointing out is how serious it is for us not to offend the Father.
a car for a car. Gal 1:20. to be committing adultery. If someone steals and wrecks your car. If someone steals your ox.. he is to restore the ox. and his No should mean No. authority for punishment was vested in the government. The Pharisees were trying to trap Him later in Matthew 19:9 and Mark 10.) Teaching about Oaths 33“Again. let your message be „Yes‟ for „Yes‟ and „No‟ for „No. Jesus first addressed it on the hillside. because you cannot make one hair white or black. It does not. forbid taking an oath in a court of law.‟ Anything more than that comes from the evil one. according to the OT. neither by heaven. Lev 19:12. In reality. Yes.Matthew issue. like John the Baptist when He confronted Herod and Herodias with their ―sinful lifestyle‖ Mark 6:14-29. but remarriage while a spouse is still living is not a biblical option. And they are causing not only the person that they have now married. Maybe they had heard what was said on the hillside from ―rumors‖ and did not see His intent. „You must fulfill your oaths to the Lord. So there was a possibility of Jesus being killed. it is referring to civil law concerning restitution. divorce is permissible in the Bible. No writ of divorce will equal the covenant of marriage. We must deal with the soul of the issue. Many believe it is giving a license to take matters into our own hands and render evil for evil. a tooth for a tooth. as long as they continue in that relationship then they are in a continuing state of adultery.. Women were never allowed to divorce and remarry in the Jewish culture. Through divorce the way was opened for four people to be involved in committing adultery if there are two remarriages. Jesus is very clear–if someone is divorced and remarried.‟ but. because it is his footstool.‟ (This verse is so often misquoted by the world. „You must not swear an oath falsely. Deut 23:21-23) 34But I tell you not to swear at all. because it is God‟s throne. Phil 1:8.” (For the Christian. That is false. His Yes should mean Yes. because it is the city of the Great King. but possibly their first spouse as well. See 2 Cor 1:23. not in the individual. 37Instead. you have heard that it was told those who lived long ago. Some people believe the only reason He talked about divorce is because the Pharisees questioned Him. however. We have to lay aside who it is we may be talking with or about. he is to buy you another one. This was both a command to punish . No one demands an oath from those whose word is known to be their bond.) Teaching about Retaliation (Luke 6:29-30) 38“You have heard that it was said. Paul used an oath to call God as his witness that what he was writing was true. an oath is unnecessary. However. „An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. Notice the man was the only one allowed to divorce. Num 30:2. He initiated this entire topic himself. nor by Jerusalem. an eye for an eye. 35nor by the earth. 36Nor should you swear by your head. Remarriage violates the marriage covenant.‟ (Cf.
Teaching about Love for Enemies (Luke 6:27-28. See verses 29–30!). but refuse to. But what was to happen when Christians became rulers. 32-36) 43“You have heard that it was said. On the contrary. There are many Christians. Exod 21:24. Here Jesus is giving the Kingdom law. the assault is particularly vicious. and do not turn away from the person who wants to borrow something from you. 41And if anyone forces you to go one mile. it does not mean give to those who can work. if someone does you an injury or puts you to inconvenience. There was a rule by Roman soldiers that one was to take them a mile. whoever slaps you on the right cheek. the command to ―give to the person who asks you‖ than He intended them to literally cut off their hands and pluck out their eyes if they caused them to sin. as in due course some did? Should the Christian magistrate practice nonretaliation toward the criminal who comes up before him for judgment? Should the Christian king practice nonretaliation toward a neighboring king who declared war against him? Paul. who repeats and underlines Jesus‘ teaching of nonretaliation. who hold that this teaching should be put into practice by communities and nations as well as by individuals. „You must love your neighbor‟ and hate your enemy. (A Roman mile consisted of 1. let him have your coat as well. this does not mean to give to people what will harm them. not a social ethic for society. Lev 24:19-20. But now Jesus takes a further step. Cf Mat 7:10. Jesus' statement presupposes that the person who asks for help has a genuine need. a legal allowance which they could invoke. turn the other to him as well. See Romans 13:34. go two with him. Cf 2 Thess 3:10. Unprovoked assault prompts resentment and retaliation.000 paces. If one wants to be painfully literal. Cf. (Cf. this spirit underlay much of their indoctrination. This attitude was a . without qualification. show yourself master of the situation by doing something to his advantage. for if the striker is right-handed.‖ he says to his disciples. The admonition to turn the other cheek is given by Jesus to his disciples. Jesus no more expected His listeners to take. (Turn the other cheek? This is a hard saying in the sense that it prescribes a course of action which does not come naturally to us. Furthermore. ―Don‘t retaliate at all.) 40If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt. ―Don‘t harbor a spirit of resentment. The spirit of what Jesus is saying here is radically different from the ―sue the shirt off the back of your neighbor‖ society in which we live. Although they were never explicitly commanded to hate their enemy. It belongs to the sphere of personal behavior. as we know from other things Jesus said and did.) 42Give to the person who asks you for something. Lev 19:18. however.” (Should believers literally give anything to anyone who asks? First of all. regards retaliation as part of the duty of the civil ruler.Matthew and a limitation on punishment—the penalty must not exceed the crime. Deut 19:21) 39But I tell you not to resist an evildoer. it is with the back of his hand that he hits the other on the right cheek.
using as an idiom of belittling. Love to one‘s neighbor is expressed in lending him a helping hand when that is what he needs: ―Right. 2.) 48So be perfect. Jews who were willing to collect these taxes and get their cut were thoroughly despised by other Jews. don‟t they? (The unsaved can do that. don‟t they? (―tax collectors‖: Israel was a captive nation at this time. as your heavenly Father is perfect. Rom 12:21. ―lend your enemy a helping hand when that is what he needs. and he lets rain fall on the righteous and the unrighteous. (The fact that love is commanded shows that it is a matter of the will and not primarily of the emotions. and pray for those who persecute you. There are several reasons why as Christians we should pray for those who persecute us: 1. what reward will you have? Even the tax collectors do the same. Heb 12:14). it is certain that we will never make an impact on the world.” (Some believe Jesus didn‘t really mean ―perfect‖ here. 46If you love those who love you. (It may seem that Christ is contradicting what He said in 5:16. The most despised characters around. in third person. Matthew 6 Teaching about Giving to the Poor 1“Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of people in order to be noticed by them. He has always been perfect and doesn‘t need to mature. is it? Even the unbelievers do the same. ―Be mature.1 Jn 3:18. that‟s no great thing you‟re doing. Cf Prov 25:21-22. they think He was telling us to be ―mature.) 47And if you greet only your relatives. you will have no reward from your Father in heaven.) 45so that you will become children of your Father in heaven. as your heavenly Father is mature. and pocket the surplus. They were franchised thieves.‖ Instead. then He would be saying.‖ However. See Psalm 139:21-22.‖ says Jesus. it can lead to the salvation of the persecutor. If you do. flawless. instruments of Rome. love your enemies. Perfection in holiness is something that we must continually pursue all our lives – See 2 Cor 7:1. It was a righteous hostility directed against the enemies of God. there is nothing distinctively Christian about it.Matthew summary of the OT's outlook toward those who persecuted God's people. prayer is an antidote against bitterness. If our standards are no higher than the world's. Matthew was a tax collector! Matthew. and 3. because he makes his sun rise on both evil and good people. In 5:16 Christ is challenging His followers to live in such a way that they will . The collaborators. but that is not the case. The love of which the law and the gospel alike speak is a very practical attitude . paying taxes to Rome. hated even more than the Gentiles. They were also hated ―sinners‖ because they would often charge more tax than directed. we are commanded to.Malachi 3:6. Such a thought is contrary to Scripture. because that would require that we be ―without defect. Your feelings toward him are not the important thing. God never changes .) 44But I say to you. himself. calling God ―mature‖ implies that He was once immature.‖ If that were true. One difficulty lies in the sentimental associations that the word love has for many of us.‖ The best way to destroy an enemy is to turn him into a friend.
In Matthew 6:6 Jesus. 2 Cor 5:10. since it is virtually impossible to make all one's contributions strictly anonymous. I tell all of you with certainty. said to pray in the inner chamber. And your Father who sees from the hidden place will reward you.) 4so that your giving may be done in secret. Our great desire should be to serve the Lord in such a way that we will have eternal rewards. We should be careful not to desire to be recognized and praised for the help we give others in any way.) 2So whenever you give to the poor. In Matthew 14:23. close the door. go into your room. they have their full reward! (It seems incredible that hypocrites would noisily attract attention to themselves as they gave offerings in the synagogues or handouts to beggars in the streets. than any rewards received in this life. their only reward is the reputation they gain while on earth). If you want your reward from the Father. don‟t blow a trumpet before you like the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets so that they will be praised by people. But here in 6:1 the Lord is warning about giving to the needs of others in such a way that you seek honor for yourself. (From this verse.” (―who sees in secret‖: See 2 Chron 16:9. and obviously far more enduring. we get the basic biblical principle about the proper place to pray: the principle of seclusion. 3But when you give to the poor. in Mark 1:35. people prayed in a variety of places.) Teaching about Prayer (Luke 11:2-4) 5“And whenever you pray. They should not purposely position themselves in public areas so that others will see them praying and be impressed by their piety. These eternal rewards will be much greater. don‟t be like the hypocrites who love to stand in the synagogues and on the street corners so that they will be seen by people. For example. If you get your reward from the people.. It simply condemns the blatant display of giving. So live your life in such a way that you will bring honor to God. Daniel prayed in a private home . they have their full reward! (Next Jesus warns His disciples against hypocrisy when they pray. God will pass. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you. Jesus declares. Prov 5:21. the prominence gained is the only reward. In the Scriptures. 6:10. but. (This passage should not be pressed to prohibit any gift that might be seen by others. but don‘t seek to do anything in such a way that you will bring honor to yourself. then. The Lord dismissed their conduct with the terse comment: ―They have their full reward‖ i. don‟t let your left hand know what your right hand is doing. you must have it a private deal.Dan. See Prov 19:17.Matthew bring honor to God. He went into the . But this likely refers to the rewards given at the great Judgment Seat of Christ. Those rewards will be of far greater value than any reward we could receive now.e.) 6But whenever you pray. and pray to your Father who is hidden. I tell all of you with certainty. If the love for prominence is the only motive in prayer. God gives many rewards in this life. He went to the mountain to pray. 15:3.
12. putting His interests first. The point is not where we pray. we acknowledge our need and dependence on Him. this is how you should pray: „Our Father in heaven. Specifically. or just walking down the street. ―Our Father‖: Prayer of the saved. as an unsaved person can‘t pray this because he is not a child of God. Isa 14:12+ where Satan proclaimed the 5 ―I wills‖. It is reading too much into the passage to use it to prohibit public prayer. It‘s the empty repetition of prayers that our Lord condemns. anywhere we happen to be. rather than pouring out the events and emotions of that day? God wants to hear from your heart. So there is no mandatory place of prayer in Scripture because the Scriptures encourage us to always be in continuous. How would you feel if every day your child pulled out a pre-written statement to dryly recite to you. because they think they will be heard by being so wordy. 12:12. 20:36. they prayed by a river side.) 10May your kingdom come. on a train. they prayed in a private home. ―Your will be done‖: In this petition we acknowledge that God knows what is best and that we surrender our will to His. we must be willing to pray ―my kingdom go‖. readiness state of mind to pray. The early church met together for collective prayer. 7 seems to rule this out. they prayed on the beach. in a home. because many words repeated by rote memory can become empty phrases. Just talk to your heavenly Father as candidly and intimately as a young child. we should pray for the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. In 1 Timothy 2:8. It is the basis of our communicating with God. nestled on Daddy‘s lap. In Acts 16:13 and 16. with only one thing above His Name.) 8Don‟t be like them.) 11Give us today our daily . We should be able to pray prayers wherever we are: outside. 14:23. (―this is how you should pray‖: A pattern given. Praying the same words when they come from the heart is not mindless repetition. Cf.‖ ―May your Name be kept holy‖: God puts His Name very high. (It is reasonable to ask. (After worship. (Should we pray for something more than once? Paul did for his thorn in the flesh. Multiple ―wills‖ in the universe. may your name be kept holy. and that is His Word! We should begin our prayers with worship. 2 Cor 12. would talk to his earthly father. on a plane. ascribing praise and honor to Him who is so worthy of it. because your Father knows what you need before you ask him. It was not given as the exact words they were to use. don‟t say meaningless things like the unbelievers do. 13:3. ―Father. we should pray for the advancement of God's cause. At issue here is. inside. It also expresses a longing to see His will acknowledged throughout the world. In Acts 12:5. Must be ―born‖ into the family to be able to use the term. Cf Jam 4:2) 9Therefore. Before we can pray ―Your Kingdom come‖. we are told that we should pray in every place. ―Why pray at all?‖ The reason is that. Also God does things in answer to prayer that He would not have done otherwise. Sin is doing that which is not in the Will of God. May your will be done. constant. on earth as it is in heaven. See Acts 2:42.) 7“When you are praying. He will hear and answer. why we pray—to be seen by people or to be heard by God. Our Lord repeated the same words three times when He prayed in Gethsemane.Matthew desert to pray. The Bible allows us to pray in any particular place. in prayer. If our real motive is to get through to God. v. It was given to His disciples as a model after which they could pattern their prayers. in a car. In Acts 21:5.
) 17But when you fast. Job tells us that. Should be called the ―Disciple‘s Prayer.‖ The Lord‘s Prayer should refer to John 17. that might involve us in moral disaster. indeed. Amen. If you are in a fast for spiritual renewal purpose.) 18so that your fasting will not be noticed by others but by your Father who is in the hidden place. But some tests are so severe that our faith could not stand up to the strain. (After putting God's interests first.) 13And never bring us into temptation. ―When we find ourselves surrounded by temptation. Does He allow Satan to put us through trials? Yes.) 12and forgive us our sins. The last sentence of the prayer is omitted in the Roman Catholic and most modern Protestant Bibles since it is lacking in many ancient manuscripts. It was given to instruct us as to how to pray. Yet. Study the book of Job.) 15But if you do not forgive people their offenses.‖ This implies something like the following as the intention of our petition. we are permitted to present our own needs. but deliver us from the evil one.‖ yet Jesus could not pray this prayer … the words are not appropriate for the Messiah to be saying to the Father. probably. ―evil one‖: The source of those trials. put oil on your head and wash your face.Matthew bread. therefore we pray not to be brought into tests of such severity. Is God asked to deliver his children from evil by preserving them from temptation or by preserving them in temptation? By preserving them in temptation. We know that our faith needs to be tested if it is to grow strong. This petition acknowledges our dependence on God for daily food. but He cannot tempt us to sin.” (See Mat 18:23-35) Teaching about Fasting 16“Whenever you fast. as we have forgiven those who have sinned against us. (Does this mean that your forgiveness is conditional? Scripture is clear: if we refuse to forgive others. it would also bring discredit on the name of the God whom we call our Father. I tell all of you with certainty. Nothing can come upon you that is not filtered by the Father. Cf James 1:12-15. (Why should we pray that God would not lead us into temptation when God cannot tempt anyone? God can test us. However.‟ For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. both spiritual and physical. 1 Cor 10:13. we will not be forgiven. because they put on sad faces to show others they are fasting. he is saying to keep it a secret. all is under control and limitations by the Father.) 14Because if you forgive people their offenses. (A means of appearing in one's normal manner. the conditions of life in this world make it inevitable that our faith must be tested. (This prayer is often called ―The Lord‘s Prayer. your Father will not forgive your offenses. they have their full reward! (―fast‖ = going without food as part of your earnest prayer. Don‘t make a big show of it. .‖ That seems to mean. your heavenly Father will also forgive you. If our faith gave way under the strain. don‟t be gloomy like the hypocrites. It is appropriate to be reminded of a very similar petition which occurs in the Jewish service of morning and evening prayer: ―Do not bring us into the power of temptation. may we not be overpowered by it. such a doxology is the perfect ending to the prayer and is in the majority of manuscripts.
But wealth is treacherous. This teaching forces us to decide if Jesus meant what He said. ―What are we going to do with our Bible?‖). You cannot serve God and riches!” (The issue is not wealth. very treacherous. the issue is who you serve. The Lamp of the Body (Luke 11:34-36) 22“The eye is the lamp of the body. there your heart will be also.) 21because where your treasure is. 20But keep on storing up treasures for yourselves in heaven. Jesus goes on to apply it in the next verses. You will become like the gods you worship. or be loyal to one and despise the other. Either we . if the light within you has turned into darkness. your whole body will be full of light. because either he will hate one and love the other. His reward will be better than people's approval.” (It is enough that the Father knows. then the teaching you have failed to obey becomes darkness—a very intense form of spiritual blindness. There‘s nothing wrong with money and wealth that is used in a right way for the blessing of mankind and the glory of God. if you know that Christ forbids trusting earthly treasures for security. how great is that darkness!” (If the eyes of your soul are debased and are keeping you mainly concerned about earthly satisfactions and attainments – if they are diseased and not truly fixed on Heaven and the endless eternity that stretches forever before us – how dreadful that darkness is! In other words. then we face the question. your whole body will be full of darkness. ―What are we going to do with our earthly treasures?‖ If He didn't. the word ―Father‖ occurs 18 times!) Teaching about Treasures (Luke 12:33-34) 19“Stop storing up treasures for yourselves on earth.Matthew And your Father who watches from the hidden place will reward you. yet you do it anyway. Jesus says that the only investments not subject to loss are treasures in heaven. we will know where our treasure is. 23But if your eye is evil. and knowing where our treasure is will tell us where our heart is. who you worship. then we face the question. If He did. Cf Ps 135:18. In the first 18 verses of this chapter.) God and Riches (Luke 16:13) 24“No one can serve two masters. Therefore.” (If we know where our heart is. where moths and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal. (He is indicating that there is no security in material things. where moths and rust do not destroy and where thieves do not break in and steal. So if your eye is healthy.
can‘t we trust Him to supply our necessary food and clothing in some way? Luke 12:22-34. (His point is. with their active participation. but not by means of worrying!) 28And why do you worry about clothes? Consider the lilies in the field and how they grow. What Jesus forbids here is multiplying barns in an attempt to provide future security independent of God. It denies His wisdom by implying that He doesn't know what He is doing. isn‟t it. does not say not to think about tomorrow. 29but I tell you that not even Solomon in all of his splendor was clothed like one of them. which is alive today and thrown into an oven tomorrow. creatures of a lower order. If God gave us the great miracles of life and a body. Man is the pinnacle of God‘s earthly creation. Jesus said that mankind is ―more valuable‖ than birds and sheep. No man builds a bridge but he first count the costs thereof.) 30Now if that is the way God clothes the grass in the field. We should not infer from this that we need not work for the supply of our present needs. aren‟t you? (The birds of the air preach to us how unnecessary it is for us to worry. won‟t he clothe you much better—you who have little faith? 31“So . It is a form of blasphemy.) 26Look at the birds in the sky. Mark 10:17-27. 1 Tim 6:10) Stop Worrying (Luke 12:22-34) 25“That‟s why I‟m telling you to stop worrying about your life—what you will eat or what you will drink —or about your body—what you will wear. See Mat 19:16-26. and assume that it is not necessary for us to do any planning. He is not a mere part of the evolutionary process having to yield to the rights of animals. They don‟t work or spin yarn. Life is more than food. And it denies His power by implying that He isn't able to provide for our needs.Matthew must put God first and reject the rule of materialism or we must live for temporal things and refuse God's claim on our lives.in the Scriptures is always used negatively. You are more valuable than they are. without their conscious participation. If God sustains. Issue is not to be anxious. Luke 12:16-34. and the body more than clothing? (―That‘s why‖: Important as it links it to what He just said. Cf Matthew 12:12. So one can add years to one‘s life. what is driving you. Planning is the futurity of today‘s decisions. worrying you? God the Father is our provider. See 2 Thess 3:10. and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. They don‟t plant or harvest or gather food into barns. who do you get your provision from? Many mistake this verse. You will miss the intent if you do not link it with the verse prior.) 27Can any of you add a single hour to the length of your life by worrying? (Scientific experiments have revealed that people who exercise vigorously three times a week live longer than those who don‘t. Solomon . He will all the more sustain. Worry is assuming a responsibility that God did not intend for you to have. It denies the love of God by implying that He doesn't care for us. those for whom creation took place. Worry is a sin. ―Stop worrying‖: Linked to verse before about who is your master. 16:1-13.
Mat 28:18-20. and clothing for the future. our excuses fall short. They could never be sure that they had saved enough. as if food and clothing were the whole of life. Men and women bearing the divine image would be living for an uncertain future on this earth when they should be living with eternity's values in view. paralyzing accident. drink. do. We are called to live one day at a time. should be your greatest and all-consuming concern. see Luke 17:21. To live now to please God in everything you think. But it should not be so with Christians. trusting God for the future with unshakable confidence that He will provide. because there is always the danger of market collapse. who have a heavenly Father who knows their basic needs. Luke 17:21. and say. catastrophe. To seek to really know God and His will must be the main business of every Christian. 2. We spend so little time obeying His commandment to warn sinners to flee from the wrath to come. Chapter 6 is about priorities. To become interested and active in those exploits and pursuits that will please and glorify God. and to His Kingdom in Heaven and on earth. When faith begins. When we consider what He‘s done for us.. in effect.‖ Phil 4:13-19. If Christians were to set before them the goal of providing in advance for all their future needs. „What are we going to eat?‟ or „What are we going to drink?‟ or „What are we going to wear?‟ (Worry is the darkroom in which negatives can develop. How do you do that? By … 1. This means that God would be robbed of the service of His people. It is when you make God‘s deep concern for the lost your deep and earnest concern. The real purpose for which they were created and converted would be missed. and 3. then their time and energy would have to be devoted to the accumulation of financial reserves. Think about how the Lord must feel when He sees us spending so much more energy satisfying and gratifying self while neglecting our commitments to Him. One's job is simply a means of providing for current needs. prolonged illness. George Muller said: ―When anxiety begins. anxiety ends. ‖If you will put God's interests first in your life.‖) Matthew 7 . The unconverted Gentiles live for the mad accumulation of material things.) 32because it is the unbelievers who are eager for all those things. Surely your heavenly Father knows that you need all of them! (The conclusion is that we should not spend our lives in anxious pursuit of food. He says. faith ends. This certainly includes obeying the last command of Jesus. and especially in Heaven. Each day has enough trouble of its own. God‘s Kingdom everywhere. Acknowledging your need for God‘s forgiveness thru Jesus the Savior.Matthew don‟t ever worry by saying.” (This is God's ―social security‖ program.) 34So never worry about tomorrow.. everything above this is invested in the work of the Lord. that Christ promises that God will supply all your needs in this life.) 33But first be concerned about God‟s kingdom and his righteousness. inflation. so that God may reign as King in every heart. because tomorrow will worry about itself. (This refers to both God‘s Kingdom in your heart. I will guarantee your future needs and I will see that you never lack the necessities of life. The believer's responsibility is to live for the Lord. and all of these things will be provided for you as well.
2:15-16. we should not judge by appearance. 1 Cor. We should not judge the service of another Christian. 1 Cor 4:1-5. The contrast is one of size. He purposely exaggerated the situation to drive home the point. In addition. ―Beam‖ : A stick of timber. 23:36. fainthearted. 41-42) 1“Stop judging. (We are not to judge the intent of the heart. John 7:24. For more verses on judging.. The local church is to judge serious sins of its members and take appropriate action: Mat 18:17. there are several areas in which the Christian is commanded to make a decision. It is hypocritical to suppose that we could help someone with a fault when we ourselves have a greater fault. Jesus exposed our tendency to see a small fault in someone else while ignoring the same fault in ourselves. (Paul Washer once said: ―People tell me. We must remedy our own faults before criticizing them in others. 3. we should not judge a fellow believer by speaking evil about him Jam 4:11-12. they should be settled in the church before members who can decide the matter: 1 Cor 6:1-8. 1 John 4:1. God only.) 3“Why do you see the speck in your brother‟s eye but fail to notice the beam in your own eye? (―speck‖: Small dried twig. Christians have to discern if others are believers in order to obey Paul's command in 2 Cor 6:14. When disputes arise between believers. so that you won‟t be judged. The NT has many illustrations of legitimate judgment of the condition. 5. Isaiah 58:1) 2because the way that you judge others will be the way that you will be judged. ‗Judge not lest ye be judged. or teaching of others. etc. literally. John 7:24. which is typically blown about in the wind. Proverbs 31:9. Rom 14:1-5. Luke 12:57.” (―hypocrite‖: Actor in Greek. and treat them according to the instructions in the Bible: 1 Thess 5:14. 6. He never intended that we abandon our critical faculty or discernment.) 4Or how can you say to your brother.Matthew Judging Others (Luke 6:37-38. We should not judge those who have conscientious scruples about matters that are not in themselves right or wrong. Only one person knows the intent of the heart. We have to discern which people are unruly.‖ Jesus is not teaching that we are to be undiscerning Christians. to discriminate between good and bad or between good and best. Ezekiel 22:2. Substantially larger and more dangerous than a twig. 1 Cor 14:29. conduct. 4.‟ when the beam is in your own eye? 5You hypocrite! First remove the beam from your own eye. weak. Those in the church must judge which men have the qualifications necessary for elders and deacons: 1 Tim 3:1-13. Some of these include: 1. and then you will see clearly enough to remove the speck from your brother‟s eye. 2.‘ I always tell them. and you will be evaluated by the standard with which you evaluate others. Jam 2:1-4. And. A question that is often asked is this: ―Why is it the modern day Church does not preach against sin nor use the word ‗repent‘ as we find so many examples in the Word of . read: Leviticus 19:15-18. means two-faced. Believers are to judge the doctrinal teaching of teachers and preachers by the Word of God: Mat 7:15-20. ‗Twist not Scripture lest ye be like Satan. Also. 1 Cor 5:9-13. We are to judge the fruits. „Let me take the speck out of your eye.
Otherwise. Use your time wisely. The verses must be understood in their immediate context and in light of the whole Bible's teaching on prayer.Matthew God?‖ The main reason many believers do not preach repentance against sin is because they live in sin. because most people are deeply concerned about their family. what seems like unqualified promises here are actually restricted by other passages. Ps 65:2) 8Because everyone who keeps asking will receive. Jas 1:5. and the door will be opened for you. Isa 26:9. Not a promise in the sense that it is voluntary. 19. But very. and you will find. from Psalm 66:18 we learn that the person praying must have no unconfessed sin in his life. Knock (Luke 11:9-13) 7“Keep asking.. and seek those who are willing to listen. and when you speak to them one on one. but if you encounter continued strong opposition. At least.” (Verse 6 proves that Jesus did not intend to forbid every kind of judgment. at this point. and it will be given to you. For example. and tell them how they can receive God‘s forgiveness for their sins. God answers. Phil 4:6. Commandment an imperative. Cf. just say to the person. encourage them to read the New Testament and discover the answers for themselves. 18:1-8. Do witness to those who oppose you. i. verses 7 and 8 might seem like a blank check for believers. They are therefore unworthy and unfit to preach repentance. it is a commandment in the sense that it is not optional.7. don‘t waste much time with people who are savage and snarling haters of the Gospel.e. and the person who keeps searching will find. very few are hostile to the Gospel when it‘s presented in love. Search. The great majority of the unconverted are more willing to listen to the Gospel than most Christians are willing to speak to them about it! But are we really converted to Christ if we refuse to obey and speak to others about Him? Consider Romans 10:9-10 here. (Taken out of context. Keep searching. They can not with a pure conscience speak against something they partake of. The Christian must pray in faith and in conformity . representing continuous action. Keep knocking. Therefore. we can get anything we ask for. Now how do you know a ‗dog‘ or ‗pig‘ unless you judge them? The meaning is. and the person who keeps knocking will have the door opened. and how they must then live in order to get to Heaven. (All are in the present tense in the Greek. See Luke 11:5-13. ―Listen. Heaven is real – but so is Hell! In which direction is your family going? If you don‘t warn them about Hell. The ‗beam‘ is still in their eye and they should not remove that piece of wood from another until they can see clearly. who will?‖ Most people wil l then listen. they will trample them with their feet and then turn around and attack you.) Despising the Holy 6“Never give what is holy to dogs or throw your pearls before pigs.) Ask. But this is simply not true.
this is. would he? (An earthly father would neither deceive his hungry son nor give him anything that might inflict pain. The same applies to most of the others on this road. it would transform all areas of international relationships. You can do anything and you‘re still on the road. family life. people of .‖ It‘s negative and it‘s passive.) 10Or if he asks for a fish.Matthew with the will of God. again in the negative. people of pleasure. and the gate you are going through is gigantic and open to all. Jam 1:6-8 & 1 John 5:14. don‘t do that to somebody else that you don‘t want him or her to do to you. Rom 3:23. There‘s lots of company on this road. then you have the wrong gate. There‘s popularity. The road ahead for those who are unfaithful to God‘s instructions is a miserable. and dissatisfied. how much more will our Father who is in heaven do so. Prayer must be offered persistently and sincerely. Cf. and many people are entering by it. Don‘t confuse this with Confucius who said: ―Don‘t do that which you don‘t want people to do to you. because the gate is wide and the road is spacious that leads to destruction. These appetites eventually become insatiable. is there? (Pita bread in the Middle East is still baked in the shape of a round. Luk 18:1-8 & Heb 10:22). and jolly companionship. miserable. Cf. it is the fruit of the gospel. is not a declaration of God‘s love. Sincerity is not enough. There are the atheists. Prov 13:15.) 12Therefore. We are all on a journey. Gal 6:7-8. Ecumenicalism: it doesn‘t matter what you believe as long as you are sincere.) The Narrow Gate (Luke 13:24) 13“Go in through the narrow gate. There‘s great liberty on the broad road. The way gets wider as you feed your appetites as you wish. appearance of ease and enjoyment. agnostics. Only a few get rich or famous. Most of those who do are discontented. since anything goes. weary road. As soon as children reach the age of accountability. Same idea also found in the Talmud. 9“There isn‟t a person among you who would give his son a stone if he asked for bread. do the same for them. If human parents reward their children's requests with what is best for them. it is positive goodness.) 11So if you who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children. Cf. (As you go through life.” (The Golden Rule. Christianity is not simply a matter of abstinence from sin. disappointed. whatever you want people to do for you. But there are many disillusionments. If this verse were universally obeyed. how much more will your Father in heaven give good things to those who keep on asking him! (The Lord argues from the lesser to the greater. he wouldn‟t give him a snake. The concept of the Golden rule as it is described by Confucius or the Talmud. and church life. because this summarizes the Law and the Prophets. treacherous. national politics. The Golden Rule is NOT a way of salvation. nonreligionists. if you find yourself with many people. the unconverted. This is a rebuttal to universalism Universalism: many paths to God. they find themselves on the broad road. flat stone. Jas 1:5. Jesus goes beyond passive restraint to active benevolence.
the various sins of the flesh. and the destruction and endless. but to truly obey Him as Lord is difficult indeed. Cf Rev 3:20-21. But there‘s one great disadvantage in traveling this road. These ―Christians‖ believe in God and Christ with their minds. You‘re already on one of them. with God‘s help. and hedged in on both sides. There are tests of obedience that you will constantly meet up with. and that you will from now on. It leads to detruction – to the fires of an awful Hell! Ps 9:17. Rom 10:9-10. every age. to make it possible for God to forgive you. John 14:23. They have little interest in fellowship with God in prayer. you are not on the way to life at all. rank. racking pain and suffering at the end of the road. but they fail to realize that God considers their selective obedience as rebellion. He means that because of your sin. steep. He. employment – and nominal Christians. So the key that now opens the gate for you to enter eternal life is your acknowledgment that Jesus Christ is your Savior. the road that leads to eternal life is narrow and hazardous. The narrow gate gets us started on the right road. They do many good things. Heb 5:9. in Bible reading. it‘s the warning of Jesus Christ. No lukewarmness is accepted by God. But Jesus has promised to be with you to help you overcome. If you are satisfied with the disappointing side effects caused by living this way. in witnessing to others. And once you enter the gate that leads to life. Phil 2:12-13. But also. There‘s no fence to straddle. and all other sins with which Satan has you enslaved to himself. No mere human warns of this. or obeying all of Christ‘s commands. but it‘s a most rewarding way.) 14How narrow is the gate and how constricted is the road that leads to life. What does He mean by that? First of all. Satan will do his dead-level-best to trip you up and get you to leave the path to Heaven.Matthew ―progress‖. Rev 3:15-16. to keep from being on either of the roads. There are all kinds of temptations along the way that must be overcome. But if you want real life. Mat 10:28. Are all who consider themselves Christians on the narrow road that leads to Heaven? Just what is the narrow gate that leads to everlasting life? In John 10:7-9 Jesus states that He is the door and the gate that leads to life. He will do everything in his power to keep you from making the decision in the first place to enthrone Jesus in your life as Lord. The path to life is rough. The extreme effort needed to enter the gate that leads to Heaven involves determination to overcome. but not with their hearts. The way to Heaven is not an easy way. No one becomes a follower of the Lord without first counting the cost. Rev 20:11-15. obey Him as your Lord. and suffered and died on the cross to make amends for your sin. But He also means that He is the Lord whom we must now obey if we are to gain life. See Rom 6:16. Luk 16:19-31. with God‘s help. because in the will of God we must crucify evil passions – we must forgo . and there aren‟t many people who find it!” (Cf Luke 13:24. There‘s no middle road. continue on. See verses 21-27. But you must also consider the awful cost of not becoming His follower. excruciating. became man. It‘s not easy to triumph over natural inclinations day by day. With His help you will safely arrive home in Heaven! But until you have entered the narrow gate in truth. and he doesn‘t want you to become a child of God and inherit Heaven. look for the narrow gate that leads to eternal life thru Jesus Christ as both Lord and Savior. God‘s incomparable Son and your Creator. It‘s easy enough to believe and to accept the fact that Jesus is the Savior. He is passionately anti-God.
but .‖ The expression ―wolves in sheep‘s clothing‖ comes from this verse. but inwardly they are ravening wolves. the million dollar question is how do we know a ‗false prophet‘ unless we judge them. You must be willing to let some of life‘s prizes go by. But don‘t ever think that the Christian life is a cheerless life.e. in order to make certain that yout endless eternal future will be truly rich and fulfilling. it‘s a thrilling. See v. You‘re living for much higher and unsurpassed eternal prizes. riches. He has also promised He will always be at our side to help us to overcome every temptation and trial. and the gullible. Mat 28:18-20. They seem like one of us. John 15:1-5. And just like going on a trip. do not believe him. if necessary. (Present tense. H. unflinching and zealous determination!) A Tree is Known by Its Fruit (Luke 6:43-44) 15“Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep‟s clothing but inwardly are savage wolves. Believe what Christ and His apostles taught. how much wiser it is to be willing to suffer the loss of even all things. They are out to devour you. and fulfilling life! It‘s a real challenge to live for Christ and speak out for Him. As a wise person is willing to do without many things as he devotes himself to his education. which will never get you there. beware of false teachers! They are everywhere. in preparation for a short and uncertain future of possibly 60 or 70 more years.Matthew many pleasures and activities. as C. They water down the truth until. So much is at stake! Jim Elliot said: ―He is no fool who gives up what he cannot keep to gain what he cannot lose. 16) 16You will know them by their fruit. they are vicious unbelievers who prey on the immature. Spurgeon said. You are called to take up your cross and follow in the footsteps of your Lord. Not judging the intents of the heart as that is God‘s business. 1 Pet 1:15. for the next 60 or 70 years. part of the joy of the Christian life is anticipating the pleasures. You may be a pilgrim as you walk the narrow road. 1 Cor 10:13. and you will be safe. Heb 12:1-2.‖ As the next verses in Matthew warn. You must be willing to part with much of what the world calls success. but He has promised that the results in an endless eternity will be glorious indeed! You cannot afford not to enter the narrow gate and then walk the narrow way with resolute. Grapes aren‟t gathered from thorns. they are here as minister to the Church of Satan! I. They are agents of Satan. the unstable. the flock. Their licentious lives and destructive teachings betray them. and total fulfilment ahead at the end of the road. challenging. especially if Christ would have no part in them. especially when we have the promise from Him that He will always be with us. How do we tell? Again. They are not in here innocently misguided. are they? (Know them by their fruits. but a crown awaits those who overcome! Christ never promised that the Christian life would be easy. Sheep are you and I. or figs from thistles. No. ―There is not enough left to make soup for a sick grasshopper.. If a minister‘s message doesn‘t go all the way with Christ‘s teachings. They are preaching an easy way to Heaven. See Phil 2:12-13.
Those who pick and choose the commands in the New Testament they are willing to obey. every good tree produces good fruit. Are you in a personal relationship with Jesus Christ? The issue is fellowship. Lord. didn‟t we?‟ (From these verses we learn that not all miracles are of divine origin and that not all miracle workers are divinely accredited. Not what you know. Col 2:8. Within 5 years. drove out demons in your name. it‘s who you know. (We must have one goal in mind – obedience to the King! Otherwise we are not converted.Matthew we are called upon to be fruit inspectors. but only the person who keeps doing the will of my Father in heaven. but is plotting an even worse invasion of demons in the future. or merely listeners? James 1:21-22. in order to create the illusion that the miracle is divine. nor is it even service! Just how serious is this warning? The present tense here indicates that they are fresh from the scenes and acts of their disobedience.‟ will get into the kingdom from heaven. That power may be divine or satanic. the majority of a congregation will have the same views and values as its minister. greed. repent. „I never knew you. Teaching. God won‘t accept work for obedience. Cf. stealing. they will be barred from Heaven. 2 Cor 2:17. Ps 6:8.” (For amplification of this do read Paul‘s letters. preaching and active zeal for Christ are no .) 23Then I will tell them plainly. if this applies to you. Therefore. and a rotten tree cannot produce good fruit. 6:20. Satan may empower his workers to cast out demons temporarily. This is plural in both verses because we are not only to judge the life of the preacher.) 22Many will say to me on that day. but a rotten tree produces bad fruit. 2 Peter 1:10. 1 John 4:1-3. not head-knowledge. „Lord. 13:25-27) 21“Not everyone who keeps saying to me. 19Every tree that doesn‟t produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into a fire.11). you who practice evil!‟” (Cf.) 20So by their fruit you will know them. Get away from me. Lord. cheating. sexual promiscuity and perversion then you will be cut down and cast into Hellfire for all eternity! John 15:1-6. He is not dividing his kingdom against itself in such a case. Titus 1:10. we prophesied in your name. are living in blatant disobedience to God! According to this warning from Christ. 18A good tree cannot produce bad fruit. The life and teaching of those who claim to speak for God should be tested by the Word of God: Isaiah 8:20. and make absolutely sure that you are genuinely born again. Also. „Lord. and disregard the rest. It‘s not how much of the Bible you know. Have they become doers of God‘s message as a result of his preaching. (This means that you are going to be judged by the fruit of your life of sin! You are the tree and if the record of your life is one long list of lying. remember. but we are to judge the results of his preaching in the lives of his listeners. 1 Tim 4:1. I Never Knew You (Luke 6:46. it‘s who you know.) 17In the same way. and performed many miracles in your name. A miracle simply means that a supernatural power is at work. 11:13-15.
They build their house on sand rather than on the firm foundation of Jesus Christ and His words. no matter how fine a Christian he may think himself to be.Matthew guarantee that you are living in obedience to Him in other matters. It is vital to realize the the Lord demands obedience and service on the part of those who would be His. (Why.) The Two Foundations (Luke 6:47-49) 24“Therefore. See also Hebrews 5:9) 26“Everyone who keeps on hearing these messages of mine and never puts them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. . the intent to fully obey God must be real. the floods came. the floods came. Obviously. 12:36-37. in heeding the warning. Gal 5:19-24.” (Cf Malachi 3:18. people‘s actions have a great deal to do with their salvation. 36-43. because it was so radical? v. as indicated by Jesus Himself.. Then do it.saying don‘t just listen. but don‘t obey them. the Church is filled with false converts who sit among God‘s people and hear His words. the crowds were utterly amazed at his teaching. (The foolish man was the one who heard the sayings of Jesus. 16:24-27. and the winds blew and beat against that house. and not like their scribes. do them. The New Testament is filled with Jesus‘ commands to His followers. (This is a most important prophecy by Jesus Christ. (Learning is the modification of behavior . ―It is my opinion that tens of thousands of people. 15:12-14. W.‖) 27The rain fell. 13:24-30. but did not obey them. James 2:20. 29 answers. and it collapsed—and its collapse was total. 10:32-33. Notice what He says about acting according to what He has taught and commanded. 1 Cor 6:9-10. if not millions. there will be no salvation for that person. 25:1-46. It‘s not the world that hears the sayings of Jesus and doesn‘t obey them. Most know only the ―Golden Rule‖ and ―Judge not. These words of Christ are indeed future prophecy.) 25The rain fell.‖ and even then their understanding is darkened. Eph 5:5). Tozer said. Notice the importance Jesus places upon our obedience to those commands. They are prophecies of warning that only the rebellious will ignore or regard lightly. 28When Jesus had finished saying all these things. Many will have some shocking and terrifying disappointments on that Great Day. everyone who listens to these messages of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on a rock. See also Mat 8:11-12. But these disappointments will not be the portion of those who. The obedience of even the most godly Christians will be imperfect. the winds blew and battered that house. A. However.) 29because he was teaching them like a person who had authority. but it did not collapse because its foundation was on the rock. 21:42-46. no matter what the cost. Your very life depends on it. and they have not been saved. Read your Bible to know what God would have you do. If obedience to the Lord is lacking. but even though imperfect. become truly converted to Christ. have been brought into some kind of religious experience by accepting Christ.
very visible in its later stages. Does seem to be transmitted through prolonged physical contact. others not. a disease. always supernaturally by God. Primarily gets transmitted through improperly sterilized hypodermic needles. their words were powerless. “Sir. attacks the eyes. Lepers were untouchables.) 4Then Jesus told him. as well as in the New Testament.) 3So Jesus reached out his hand.today‘s term for leprosy. Truth is self-verifying and. unfit to worship with the congregation of Israel. Africa. a leper came up to him. A very loathsome disease.) 2Suddenly. South America and the Pacific Islands.” (―Hansen‘s Disease‖. this contact made the person ceremonially unclean. We have a disease and there is no known cure. you can make me clean. In the case of the Jews. tropical areas of Asia. touched him. and tattooing needles. Luke 5:12-16) 1When Jesus came down from the hillside. We have a disease worse than leprosy. if you want to. go and show yourself to the priest. Lesions of the skin. and said. in that we are sinners. Be clean!” And instantly his leprosy was made clean. In a Biblical sense. extremities. they can never forget it. they expect the existence of leprosy to increase. and there is an inner corruption that manifests itself outwardly especially in later stages. Most prevalent in the low.Matthew (The people recognized a difference between Jesus' teaching and that of the scribes. Instead. Yet. only God Himself can make you clean. Dapsone is a drug that treats it. in the 1980s around the world they have discovered that the resistance to that drug is increasing and therefore. There is no cure for leprosy in the Old Testament. Our Savior has power to cleanse from sin and to qualify the cleansed person to be a worshiper. He spoke with authority. and suspect about 11 million if they knew them all. and said. and results in deformed and erosive extremities. large crowds followed him. “I do want to. basic internal corruption that eventually causes the erosion of tissue. fell down before him. 2 Kgs 5:1-15 for occasions where leprosy is cured. what is causing the external appearance is the corrosion internally. In the Old Testament. and true faith is never disappointed. That leper is you and I. About 2 million known cases on the planet earth. (Though the teaching of Jesus was radical and extreme. “See to it that you don‟t speak to anyone. and then offer the sacrifice that Moses commanded as proof to the authorities.” . the genitals. exactly what sin is. other than the Lord Himself. God is also using leprosy as a symbol of sin. during certain times: certain times contagious. superficial nerves. It is a manifestation of the corruption within.) Matthew 8 Jesus Cleanses a Leper (Mark 1:40-45. Leprosy is a disease. His was a voice. We have a disease that God identified with leprosy in the Old Testament and His ritualism to educate them about the evils of leprosy apply to you and I. humid. leprosy is very detailed in the Old Testament. though people may not like it. theirs was an echo. that is. it had a drawing power. See Num 12:13. a form of corruption. (This leper had faith that the Lord could cure him.
to another „Come‟ and he comes. But He knew that Israel was still unrepentant. he was amazed and told those who were following him. I say to one of them „Go‟ and he goes. my servant is lying at home paralyzed and in terrible pain. Mark 5:43.Matthew (Why? 1. that the nation would reject His spiritual leadership. But we read of no such reaction. Matthew will emphasize that the first 12 chapters of his Gospel. But just say the word. many will come from east and west and will feast with Abraham. “I will come and heal him. in fact. required by the Law. This was probably because He was aware that many people. (―Centurion‖: The head of about 80 men. it was understood that when a representative was sent to speak for his master. It was no doubt a rare event for a leper to be healed.” (This was an unusual display of compassion—most officials would not have shown such concern for a servant. an indictment to Israel who should have first understood the authority of who was standing before them. Even in our day this is still the case. Not a Jew.) Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant (Luke 7:1-10. theoretically 100. Lev 14:3-32.) 6“Sir. and Jacob in the kingdom from heaven. that it should have alerted this priest to investigate whether the Messiah had appeared at last. 17:9. I am not worthy to have you come under my roof. 12:16. intended to let the officials realize that God is at work. it is unclean. so extraordinary. Cf Mark 6:6. “I tell all of you with certainty.. he understands that Jesus does not have to go to his house and defile Himself by entering Gentile quarters. am a man under authority and I have soldiers under me. “Sir. Luke seeems to say that the centurion sent elders to see Jesus. but not organized that way. and my servant will be healed. not to the world at large! Matthew seems to present the centurion as the one who seeks the help of Jesus. 2. This is the first instance in Matthew's Gospel where it is recorded that Jesus commanded someone to tell no one of the miracle done for them or of what they had seen. 9because I. 7:36. the other time was at the unbelief of the Jews. interested only in deliverance from the Roman yoke. and that He must first go to the cross. Is there a mistake in the accounts concerning Jesus and the centurion? Both Matthew and Luke are correct. This is one of two times when Jesus is said to be amazed. a centurion came up to him and begged him repeatedly. that Jesus Christ is presenting Himself to Israel. He is a rabbi.) 8The centurion replied. and to my servant „Do this‟ and he does it. He is not suppose to do that. not even in Israel have I found this kind of faith! (Compliment to the Centurion. but a Gentile. (Predicting that there will be a time when the Gentiles shall be allowed into the . wanted to make Him King. 8:26. Isaac..) 10When Jesus heard this. too.” (Jesus is going to go to a Gentile home. Cf.” (The Centurion is making the analogy of authority. In the 1st century. it was as if the master was speaking himself. but. John 4:43-54) 5When Jesus returned to Capernaum.) 7Jesus told him. See also Mat 9:30.) 11I tell all of you.
The servant was healed instantly. even though Jesus was some distance away. “It was he who took our illnesses away and removed our diseases. Isa 53:4. just as you have believed. healing the non-privileged Gentiles from the paralysis of sin. they didn‘t recognize their opportunity. those that should have been heir to the promises of Israel that will be cast in the outer darkness because they did not accept the promises and understand the time.” And his servant was healed that very hour. sick with a fever. 17This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said. “Foxes have holes and birds have nests.) 12But the unfaithful heirs of that kingdom will be thrown into the darkness outside. We may see in this a picture of Christ's present ministry. Cf.) The Would-be Followers of Jesus (Luke 9:57-62) 18When Jesus saw the large crowds around him.” Jesus told the centurion. I will follow you wherever you go.” (He is saying that there are those that are sons of the kingdom. but the Son of Man has no place to rest. Luke 4:38-41) 14When Jesus went into Peter‟s house. Following .) 13“Go. (Peter must have been married to have a mother-in-law. while jungle savages will enjoy the eternal glories of heaven because they believed the gospel message. and that therefore physical healing is something the believer can claim by faith. 19Just then. But here the Spirit of God applies the prophecy to our Savior's earthly healing ministry and not to His work on the cross. “Teacher. (Ordinarily fever leaves a person greatly weakened.Matthew kingdom. Then she got up and began serving him. a scribe came up and told him. Many children privileged to be born and raised in Christian families will perish in hell because they reject Christ. he gave orders to cross to the other side of the Sea of Galilee. people brought to him many who were possessed by demons.) 15He touched her hand. he saw Peter‟s mother-in-law lying in bed. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.” (Verse 17 is often used by faith-healers to show that healing is in the atonement.” (The Lord's answer challenged him to count the cost—a life of self-denial. though He Himself is not bodily present. Her response to the healing: service!) 16When evening came. He drove out the spirits by speaking a command and healed everyone who was sick. and the fever left her. But the principle applies today. (Faith is rewarded in proportion to its confidence in the character of God. “and it will be done for you. but this cure was so instantaneous and complete that she was able to get out of bed and serve Him.) Jesus Heals Many People (Mark 1:29-34.” 20Jesus told him.
picking up speed in the narrow gorge. He rebuked the winds and the sea. first let me go and bury my father. The Incarnation of Christ did not involve the subtraction of deity. “Follow me. they should have known what to do. We are not told how these two disciples responded. He had two natures conjoined in one person. you who have little faith?” Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the sea. his disciples went with him.) Jesus Calms the Sea (Mark 4:35-41. but the addition of humanity. “Why are you afraid. tends to sound evil. it is not a denial of His deity. “Lord. Sea . This man wanted to follow Jesus. “Lord!” they cried. 10:30.” (An unsaved person can do that kind of work.‖ The guy who made them in the first place! How little they comprehended that the Creator and Sustainer of the universe was in the ship that day! All disciples encounter storms sooner or later. (The Sea of Galilee is noted for sudden. But there is a work which you alone can do. By becoming man. “Save us! We‟re going to die!” (These guys were fisherman on the Sea of Galilee. why did He call Himself the Son of Man? If the phrase ―Son of Man‖ is a reference to Jesus‘ humanity.” (The basic trouble was expressed in the contradictory words: ―Lord . which could be many years later. Before we condemn them.symbolically in the Scriptures. “Even the winds and the sea obey him!” (―What kind of man is this.) 22But Jesus told him.) 26He asked them. but wanted to wait until his father had died. a violent storm came up on the sea. What a comfort to know that Jesus is in the boat . Jesus did not cease being God. Don't waste it on trivia.Matthew Jesus Christ is a commitment. it becomes extremely unsafe for navigation.. Luke 8:22-25) 23When Jesus got into the boat. Winds sweep down the valley of the Jordan from the north. Let the spiritually dead deal with the issues of the world. He was also human. and there was a great calm. It is to their credit that they went to the right Person.. violent storms that whip it into a churning froth. 24Suddenly..‖ He put self ahead of Christ. we should test ourselves on the two terms of discipleship enunciated by Jesus in this passage. When they hit the Sea.) 27The men were amazed.) 21Then another of his disciples told him. This storm was different.first let me. not a hobby. At times it seems we are going to be swamped by the waves. See Mark 4:35. Yet Jesus kept sleeping.) 25They went to him and woke him up. John 8:58. If Jesus was the Son of God. Jesus clearly claimed to be God on many occasions. “What kind of man is this?” they asked. Give the best of your life to what really lasts. and let the dead bury their own dead. so that the boat began to be swamped by the waves. Christ wanted him to know that following and serving Him was of far more importance than any other obligation. (Why is this a lack of faith? Because He said that they were going to go to the other side. But. in addition to being divine. But the strong implication is that they left Christ to make a comfortable place for themselves in the world and to spend their lives hugging the subordinate. See Matt 16:16–17..
This incident demonstrates that the ultimate aim of demons is to destroy. “What do you want with us.Matthew with us. (In Mark and Luke they only mention one demon-possessed man. They were so violent that no one could travel on that road.” (We don‘t know why they sought embodiment in the pigs. Suddenly. they are dangerous. They are acknowledging His deity. demons shun the disembodied state. 31So the demons began to plead with Jesus. which is constructive.) 32He told them. Not a psychiatric disorder. Perhaps Mark and Luke mentioned the one because he was more noticeable or prominent for some reason. and so they live out in the tombs. First. they want to indwell human beings. Luke 8:26-39) 28When Jesus arrived on the other side in the region of the Gerasenes. they are malevolent. What they say was not known on earth at this time. “Go. Others point out that Matthew describes two. some say that there were two different incidences. By allowing them to go into the pigs. If Jesus had simply cast them out of the maniacs. ―No water can swallow the ship where lies the Master of ocean and earth and skies. if that is not possible. and their destiny and His control of it. they are around. (From Mark 5:13 we know that there were 2000! Pigs were illegal in Israel.) Jesus Heals Two Demon-Possessed Men (Mark 5:1-20. we must remember two facts. and underlines the terrifying possibility that two men can be indwelt by the number of demons it takes to destroy two thousand pigs). Secondly. two demon-possessed men met him as they were coming out of the tombs. and the fact that Mark and Luke only describe one of the two. animals or other creatures. They recognize that there is a time coming that they would rather avoid. (Strangely enough Jesus granted their request. ―Coming out of the tombs‖: They have been rejected by society. 33Now when those who had been taking care of the pigs ran away. they are some of his resources.) 30Now a large herd of pigs was grazing some distance away from them.” and they came out and went into the pigs. the demons would have been a menace to the other people of the area. send us into that herd of pigs. they screamed. Son of God? Did you come here to torture us before the proper time?” (The demons knew who Jesus was. they came into the city and . the purpose of demons is without exception to destroy. and if you are not a Christian you are vulnerable to them. They know that there is a time appointed. It was not yet time for their final destruction by the Lord. does not make them contradictory. He prevented their entering men and women and confined their destructive power to animals. “If you drive us out. We know that demons are at Satan‘s control.) 29Suddenly. but they are so similar. In Lev 11:7 they are prohibited). Scholars divide. the whole herd rushed down the cliff into the sea and drowned in the water. But why should the Sovereign Lord accede to the request of demons? To understand His action. saying.‖ No one can quell life's storms like the Lord Jesus. and they know that He is in control of it. Just shows a lack of collusion. or.
for example. and as soon as they saw him. „Your sins are forgiven. ―No. Luke 5:17-26) 1After getting into a boat. sort of His base of operations). replied. “Why do you have such evil thoughts in your hearts? 5Which is easier: to say. shouldn‘t he have cared about the livelihood of the owners? He certainly did not ask anyone‘s permission. And even if Jesus did not care about pigs. „Get up and walk‟? (Actually it's as easy to say one as the other. 2All at once some people brought him a paralyzed man lying on a stretcher. 34Then the whole city went out to meet Jesus.‟ or to say. The Great Physician removed the cause before treating the symptoms. but the results of the first command are not visible whereas the effects of the second are immediately discernible.) 4But Jesus. when Jesus returns to the city the next time. “Be courageous. especially what had happened to the demon-possessed men.‖ Later in Mark 6.Matthew reported everything. knowing what they were thinking. Jesus crossed to the other side and came to his own city. there are crowds of welcome.) 6But so you will know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins…” he told the paralyzed man. “Get up. He gave the greater blessing first. “This fellow is blaspheming!” (They are saying that only God can forgive sins.) Matthew 9 Jesus Heals a Paralyzed Man (Mark 2:1-12. Why no concern for the pigs? Didn‘t Jesus care about animals? In the Old Testament God does. This raises the question whether Christ ever healed a person without also imparting salvation. it was unlawful for them to raise pigs. Prov 12:10. pick up your stretcher. (Ever since then Jesus has been criticized for the needless slaughter of pigs and has been asked to leave because He values human life above animals. and go home!” (In order to show the scribes that He had authority on earth to forgive sins and should therefore be honored as God. the Lord says. Faith prompted the men to bring the invalid to Jesus. and the invalid's faith went out to Jesus for healing. son! Your sins are forgiven. go witness to your people. they begged him to leave their region. Jesus talking about healing something far deeper than physical. When Jesus saw their faith.” (Some think that this is the same story as the one where the friends took the tiles off the roof of where Jesus was speaking and lowered their paralyzed friend down into the place so Jesus could heal him. it being the same healing. but which is easier to do? Both are humanly impossible. he told the paralyzed man. (―own city‖: Came back across the lake to Capernaum.) 3Then some of the scribes told themselves. In Mark 5 and Luke 8 they point out that the healed guy wanted to follow the Lord. But whether or not they were Jews. If these Gergesenes were Jews. Some think that Matthew just left off these details. Notice that He saw their faith. Jesus condescended to give them a miracle . their condemnation is that they valued a herd of pigs more than the healing of two demoniacs.
“Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?” (It was the practice in those days to eat reclining on couches and facing the table. “Follow me. So the charge was true! Jesus did eat with sinners. 8When the crowds saw this. the charge would still have been true—perhaps even more so! If Jesus hadn't eaten with sinners in a world like ours.) 7So the man got up and went home. The visible healing of the paralytic was designed to confirm that the man's sins had been forgiven. but sick people do. He lost a good income but he found honor. many tax collectors and sinners arrived and began eating with Jesus and his disciples. he said. When the Pharisees saw Jesus associating in this way with the social riff-raff. He would always have eaten alone. but he found a destiny. As someone has said. (They completely missed the significance of the miracle. From this they should have realized that what they had witnessed was not a demonstration of God giving authority to men but of God's presence among them in the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ. Luke 5:27-32) 9As Jesus went on from there.) 11The Pharisees saw this and asked his disciples. Matthew‘s response to Jesus‘ call was instantaneous. were more willing to acknowledge their true condition and to seek Christ's saving grace.” So he got up and followed him. leaving a traditionally dishonest job to become an instant disciple of Jesus.) 10While he was having dinner at Matthew‟s home.Matthew they could see. (The Pharisees considered themselves healthy and were unwilling to confess their need for Jesus. He used the occasion to call men to truth and holiness. “Healthy people don‟t need a physician.‖ Not the least among his rewards were that he became one of the twelve and was honored to write the Gospel which bears his name. but he found an adventure the like of which he had never dreamed. they became frightened and glorified God for giving such authority to humans. But it is important to remember that when He ate with sinners. ―He lost a comfortable job. (Matthew adds an autobiographical note here. by contrast. But they didn't understand. an invisible miracle. surely no true prophet would eat with sinners!) 12When Jesus heard that.) Jesus Calls Matthew (Mark 2:13-17. he arose and followed. If He had eaten with the Pharisees. He never indulged in their evil ways or compromised His testimony. He is hated more than a Gentile among the Jewish body because he is a collaborator with the Romans and helping them subjugate his people. Actually they were extremely ill spiritually and desperately needed healing. (The meal described here was arranged by Matthew in honor of Jesus. He lost a comfortable security.) 13Go and learn what this means: „I want mercy and not sacrifice.‟ because I . It was his way of confessing Christ publicly and of introducing his associates to the Savior. Matthew is apparently a tax collector in Capernaum. The tax collectors and sinners. they went to His disciples and charged Him with ―guilt by association‖. he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector‟s desk and told him.
and both are preserved. the wine will spill out. and since His ascension He has been bodily absent from His disciples. and unrepentant—like the Pharisees. and the skins will be ruined. The disrepair would be worse than ever. Although God had instituted the sacrificial system. When washed. The life and liberty of the Gospel ruins the wineskins of ritualism. God is not a Ritualist.Old Testament idea. they pour new wine into fresh wineskins.) . and a worse tear results. there are no righteous people in the world. and He is not pleased with rituals divorced from personal godliness—precisely what the Pharisees had done. See also 1 Sam 15:1-23. cold. He did not want the rituals to become a substitute for inward righteousness. the patch would shrink. and then they will fast. Instead. because the patch pulls away from the garment.) 17Nor do people pour new wine into old wineskins. The joy which Christ brought could not be contained within the forms and rituals of the OT. but your disciples don‟t fast?” 15Jesus asked them. Luke 5:36) 16“No one patches an old garment with a piece of unshrunk cloth. If they do. (To try to mix law and grace would be like using a piece of new. unshrunk cloth to patch an old garment. so He came to call all men to repentance.‖ In one sense. In contrast.) A Question about Fasting (Mark 2:18-22. The introduction of the Christian era would inevitably result in tension. He can dispense no healing to those who are proud. While Jesus' words do not command fasting. ―I did not come to call righteous people.” (He was taken from them—in death and burial. They observed the letter of the law but had no compassion for those who needed spiritual help.Matthew did not come to call righteous people. the skins will burst. self-righteous. They associated only with self-righteous people like themselves. but sinners. “Why do we and the Pharisees fast often.” (The pressure caused by the fermentation of the new wine would burst the old skins because they had lost their elasticity. There must be an entirely new order of things. But here the thought is that His call is only effective for those who acknowledge themselves to be sinners.” (Quote from Hosea 6:6 . Luke 5:33-39) 14Then John‟s disciples came to Jesus and asked. and merciless. “The wedding guests can‟t mourn as long as the groom is with them.) The Unshrunk Cloth (Mark 2:21. they certainly approve it as an appropriate exercise for those who await the Bridegroom's return. but sinners. The Pharisees' trouble was that although they followed the rituals of Judaism with great precision. their hearts were hard. ripping itself away from the old cloth. the Lord Jesus pointedly told them. can they? But the time will come when the groom will be taken away from them.
he went in. Ex 39:25. shouting. “Have mercy on us. these men had acute spiritual discernment. ―tassel‖ . Num 15:38. that the girl was in a coma. Gen 37:3-4. along with his disciples.Matthew Jesus Heals a Woman and Resurrects a Girl (Mark 5:21-43.the ruler of the synagogue.‖) 24he said. ―Son of David‖ . Some believe. (Most Bible students believe the Lord was using sleep here in a figurative sense for death. He turned and pronounced her healed instantly. an official came up and fell down before him. A nobleman would authenticate his name on a clay tablet by pressing the hem on the clay. A husband could divorce his wife by cutting off the hem of her robe. otherwise she would not be allowed there in the crowd. border. ―to cut off the hem‖ was to strip one of his personality. the daughter raised from the dead was 12 years old. It was exceptional that this ruler should seek help from Jesus.” (―an official‖: Jairus . Deut 22:12. daughter! Your faith has made you well. most of the Jewish leaders would have feared the scorn and contempt of their associates for doing so. Jesus Heals Two Blind Men 27As Jesus was traveling on from there. They recognized Him as the long-awaited Messiah and .badge of commitment or authority. and approachable.very Jewish title. Ruth 3:9. Ex 28:33. I will get well.” (Medical science had been unable to help this woman. He was always poised. however. She has had the issue of blood for 12 years. She has to be a Gentile. She would be ceremonially contaminating everyone there. The Hebrew word shuwl = hem.) 19So Jesus got up and followed him. 20Just then a woman who had been suffering from chronic bleeding for twelve years came up behind him and touched the tassel of his garment.” And from that very hour the woman was well. In ancient Mesopotamia. “But come and lay your hand on her. and the young lady got up. Examples: 1 Sam 24:20.) 25When the crowd had been driven outside. “Go away! The young lady hasn‟t died. took her by the hand. “If I just touch his robe. (Another interruption! Jesus was never annoyed by such interruptions. bottom edge of skirt or train. authority. “Be courageous. (True faith never goes unnoticed by Him.) 23When Jesus came to the official‟s house and saw the flute players and the crowd making a commotion. and she will live. “My daughter has just died.Makes one ceremonially unclean.) 22When Jesus turned and saw her. Luke 8:40-56) 18While Jesus was telling them these things. ―Chronic bleeding‖ .” But they ridiculed him with laughter. 39.34.26. but is sleeping. Ezek 16:8. two blind men followed him. Son of David!” (Two blind men followed Jesus! Though dispossessed of natural vision. accessible. anything you touched was declared ceremonially unclean. (The professional mourners were wailing with what someone has called ―synthetic grief. fringe. 26The news of this spread throughout that land. he said.) 21because she had been saying to herself.” he said. etc.
anything that blocked His pathway to Calvary was at variance with the predetermined plan of God.” (Man says. and even to admire their exuberant testimony. proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom. Jesus asked them. and healing every disease and every illness. That type of demon was NOT exorcisable under Judaism. Why did Jesus sternly warn the healed men to tell no one? He probably did not want to provoke a premature movement to enthrone Him as King. a man who couldn‟t talk because he was demon-possessed was brought to him. he was secure. 1 John 5:13. so what is going on? The rabbis could cast out demons and they did. “Do you believe I can do this?” They told him. the man began to speak. Heb 11:3. Not even gratitude is a valid excuse for disobedience. the blind men came to him. God bless the noble band of the anonymous who have been His instruments in bringing others to Jesus!) 33As soon as the demon had been driven out. one of His credentials would be that He would give sight to the blind. ―Seeing is believing. the Lord Jesus had to go to the cross before He could reign as King.” (Don‘t ever ascribe something that God is doing to the powers of Satan! This is what Jesus later labeled the unpardonable sin. “He drives out demons by the ruler of demons. He could not reign over them until they were born again. (While we might be tempted to sympathize. He wants us to believe Him simply because He is God. if you happen to be confronted with a demon whose specialty was to render his possession dumb. Besides all this.) 28When he had gone into the house. Under Judaism. teaching in their synagogues.) 31But they went out and spread the news about him throughout that region. “See to it that nobody knows about this. The people were as yet unrepentant. Then Jesus sternly told them. Also. Cf Mat 12:32) The Compassion of Jesus 35Then Jesus began traveling throughout all the cities and villages. ―Believing is seeing. “Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel!” (They did cast out demons before Jesus. God is not pleased with the kind of faith that demands a prior miracle. What would have happened if Israel had responded? The Bible does . the hard fact is that they were crassly disobedient and inevitably did more harm than good. The crowds were amazed and said.‖ God says. Cf Isa 61:1. Lord!” 29Then he touched their eyes and said.‖ Cf John 11:40. And they knew that when the Messiah came. “Yes. a revolutionary uprising in favor of Jesus would bring terrible reprisals from the Roman government on the Jews. let it be done for you!” 30And their eyes were opened.) 34But the Pharisees kept saying. probably by stirring up shallow curiosity rather than Spiritinspired interest. the procedure for exorcism in Judaism requires the demon to identify himself. (Someone was concerned enough to bring the demoniac to Jesus.Matthew rightful King of Israel. “According to your faith.) Jesus Heals a Man who Couldn’t Talk 32As the men were going out. (A bona fide offer of the kingdom was made to Israel at this time. However.
There were more than 12 disciples.) Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Disciples (Mark 6:7-13. We do know that Christ would still have had to die to provide a righteous basis by which God could justify sinners of all ages. a student. Other men had performed miracles. but neither does he pray for laborers. James. the need is always greater than the work-force. Thomas and Matthew the tax collector. who later betrayed Jesus. Luke 6:12-16) 1Then Jesus called his twelve disciples to him and gave them authority over unclean spirits. “The harvest is vast. This harvest is a matter of life or death.) 3Philip and Bartholomew. Taken from varied walks of life and probably young men of average ability.) 37Then he told his disciples. as they become ―apostles‖.) Matthew 10 Jesus Appoints Twelve Apostles (Mark 3:13-19. that we might know more of that yearning for the spiritual welfare of the lost and dying.” (The Greek word for ―ask‖ means beg. we won‘t obey this command. the son of Zebedee. Luke 9:1-6) 5These were the Twelve whom Jesus sent out after he had given them these instructions: “Don‟t turn on to the road that leads to the unbelievers. he was deeply moved with compassion for them. their true greatness lay in their association with Jesus. To make that request sincerely. someone learning with the idea of becoming a follower. but the workers are few. where he notes that he was a tax collector. the son of Alphaeus. (Note how Matthew does not mention any of the disciples professions until himself. and his brother John. forever! If we are not laborers. (Oh. Cf Luke 6:15. because our conscience will condemn us. it seems. The disciples were probably in their twenties at this time. like sheep without a shepherd.) 36When he saw the crowds. (Cananaean is Aramaic for Zealot. (―Disciple‖ is a follower. because they were troubled and helpless. (The problem has persisted to this day. believers must be willing to go themselves. plead. and Thaddaeus. Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew. and . James. 2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first.) 4Simon the Cananaean and Judas Iscariot. so that they could drive them out and heal every disease and every illness.) 38So ask the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into his harvest. while THE 12 are very special.Matthew not answer the question. but no other man ever conferred the power on others). The devil therefore gets two victories: not only does the professing Christian not labor in the harvest fields. implore – not merely ask. (―apostles‖: one who is sent as a messenger. The uniqueness of Jesus is seen here.
They had received their blessings without cost and were to dispense them on the same basis. 11. Jesus Himself up to this point has been doing the same thing. Jesus instructed His workers to bring along and use anything in their possession that could be used in their support. or a walking stick. or copper in your moneybags. because a worker deserves his food. shake its dust off your feet. The commission which He is sending them on does not apply to you and I. Later. Chapters 10.) 8Heal the sick. drive out demons. 13If the household is receptive. the plan of God was to preach the gospel to the Jews first before taking it to the Gentiles. cleanse lepers. They will reject Him in Chapter 12. find out who is receptive in it and stay there until you leave. silver. let your blessing of peace come on it. You have received without payment. 10or a traveling bag for the trip. but because the Jews already had the Law which prepared them for the message of grace. and raising the dead! Casting out demons. See Mark 6:8. Isa 60:1-16. if they would only have faith in God to meet their needs. Acts 1:8. This wasn‘t because of a lack of love and concern for them.) 11“Whatever town or village you enter.) 7As you go. raise the dead. (It was possible that not one home in . These guys are! Note that this is prior to the crucifixion! After the crucifixion when He is resurrected He gives them a new commission. (Samaritans were a mixed blood. go to the lost sheep of the nation of Israel. to Israel. (Probably the meaning is extra sandals or an extra staff. 2 Kings 17:24. Is the first commission repealed? The Kingdom presentation is withdrawn when Israel rejects it! The New Commission is found in Mt 28:19. Mk 16:15. 22:35-36. so give without payment. The Gentiles that He healed were along the way. let your blessing of peace return to you. 20. as you leave that house or town. only part Jewish. Acts 2:23. Supernatural empowerings: Healing the sick. they were permitted to take it. As to remuneration. we are not called to go to the House of Israel at the expense of the Gentiles … there may be a few exceptions. The Jews demanded signs so God graciously condescended to give them signs. the Lord's representatives were to make no charge for their services. or sandals. cleansing the lepers. See Luke 10:4. Lk 24:46.) 9Don‟t take any gold. (Not to go house to house if they found more favorable living conditions. The Lord wanted them to experience how well He could supply all their needs as they served Him. (Their challenge here in Chapter 10 is to go specifically to the lost sheep of the House of Israel. and 12 deal with the presentation of the King of Israel. make this announcement: „The kingdom from heaven is near!‟ (Kingdom presented to Israel. because Jesus told His disciples not to go to certain groups of people. The idea is that their needs would be supplied on a day by day basis. Cf. they were not His focus or His mission.Matthew don‟t enter Samaritan towns. Also. this proves He didn‘t love Gentiles or Samaritans – which contradicts Matt 22:39. But if it isn‟t receptive. if they already had a staff. However.) 12As you enter the house. 14If no one welcomes you or listens to your words. greet its occupants.) 6Instead. Take care not to spend your life making provision for self-support before obeying the call of God.47. even a sword for defensive purposes. Cf 1 Cor 1:22. (The disciples were given credentials to confirm their message. Skeptics argue that. or an extra shirt.
(In their hour of seeming defeat the disciples would have the incomparable privilege of testifying before rulers and Gentiles.) 15I tell all of you with certainty. it will be more bearable for the region of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town!” (This proves that there will be degrees of punishment in hell. surrounded by vicious men bent on destroying them. When you have a challenge and you are delivered up for Jesus Christ. They become mouthpieces for the Spirit of their Father.) 17Watch out for people who will hand you over to the local councils and whip you in their synagogues. And they should be harmless as doves. Children would become informers against their parents. They should be wise as serpents. (Jesus forewarned His disciples that they would have to face treachery and betrayal. it would be out of context. to testify to them and to unbelievers. but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.) 18You will be brought before governors and kings because of me. avoiding giving needless offense or being tricked into compromising situations. They spoke out and . Acts 7 and Stephen. They need not rehearse what they would say when on trial. (The early Christians were very bold in their stand for Christ. 21“Brother will hand brother over for execution. Phil 4. (While one can personally claim verses 19-20. because in that hour what you are to say will be given to you. and a father his child. don‟t worry about how you are to speak or what you are to say. Brother would accuse brother. He will not waste that opportunity. now! I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. all believers can claim God's promise to give them wisdom to speak with divine intuition.) 20It won‟t be you speaking. protected by the armor of a righteous character and faith unfeigned. They would be like sheep in the midst of wolves. This verse does not teach that a Christian never needs to prepare a message in advance. For example. Cf. Christianity has suffered much from civil authorities. Father would betray his child. Luke 21:12-19) 16“Pay attention. But the person who endures to the end will be saved. severing themselves from all guilt or responsibility for that rejection. So be as cunning as serpents and as innocent as doves. By this symbolic action they would vividly separate themselves from all connection with those who were rejecting the Lord. Mark 13:9-13.‖) 19When they hand you over. (The attack against them would be both civil and religious.Matthew an entire town would open to them. yet ―no doctrine was ever so helpful to those appointed to govern. It should be noted that this is advice given to prospective martyrs and not to pastors for Sunday morning worship services! But it is true that in crises. (In this section Jesus counsels the twelve concerning their behavior in the face of persecution.) 22You will be hated by everyone because of my name. God would be working all things together for good. Children will rebel against parents and have them put to death. resulting in the execution of the parents. otherwise how could it be more tolerable for some than for others?) Future Persecutions (Matthew 24:9-14.
‖) 24“A disciple is not above his teacher. and a slave is not above his master. You can ask that question of anyone. For far too long. ―It is not wrong to escape from danger—only from duty. Cf. and we don‘t have long years ahead of us to do the work for Christ that needs to be done. But we will also see the same results that they saw.‖ Did Jesus say that He would return during the lifetime of His disciples? ―Another alternative is to take the promise literally and immediately and to interpret the phrase ‗before the Son of Man comes‘ as a reference to the fact that Jesus rejoined the disciples after their mission. to be your Savior. (Discipleship involves sharing the Master's rejection. Their answer to the question will tell you what to say next. and open your mouth to speak out for Him. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul. and warn those who are lost of their awful condition. ―Are you planning on making it to Heaven?‖.Matthew reached the then-known world with the message of the Savior. (They were not obligated to remain under the tyranny of their enemies if there was an honorable way to escape. and point them to your Lord and Savior? Read what God told John would happen to cowards. at awful cost. The harvest is ripe and ready to be brought in! God is deeply concerned that you be deeply concerned about the welfare and salvation of others. It‘s time that those who claim to be Christians take the bold stand for Christ that God demands.) 25It is enough for a disciple to be like his teacher and a slave to be like his master. flee to the next. 2 Kings 1:2. and now He expects you to expend yourself and be the savior of others! Otherwise your claim to being converted to Him is a very hollow claim. as God demands. Revelation 21:8. Rev 2:26) 23So when they persecute you in one town. But be warned: Is the servant above the Master? If they hated Jesus Christ enough to crucify Him. how are they going to treat you? Any better? When the Church really goes on the offensive. because I tell all of you with certainty that you will not have gone through the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes. You can even go up to a perfect stranger and begin a witness for Christ by asking that question. the Christian world has been given the false impression that speaking out for our Lord is optional. you can expect to be hated and persecuted even as the early Church was. how much more will they do the same to those of his household!” (Beelzebub was a god of the Ekronites and the name means Lord of the Flies. And when you witness to others be sure to let them know that being converted to Christ includes going public for Him. Even if they walk away you have at least planted a seed in their heart and mind. Mat 28:18-20. God will bring the great spiritual awakening that is so desperately needed. See Ezekiel 33:8-9. Jesus was willing. and Jesus literally and immediately rejoined them after their itinerant ministry. That‘s a lie from Satan! Eternal life or judgment by God are at stake! You can easily begin a witness for Christ with anyone by simply asking them. We are living in the end of the age. When we wake up to the seriousness of our responsibilities. The disciples went literally and immediately into ‗the cities of Israel‘ to preach. Can you truthfully say you love God if you refuse to obey Christ. Mark 8:38. at any place. And God is saying the same to every Christian today that He said to Ezekiel. to the same extent that you are concerned about the salvation of your own soul. at any time. See 22:39. We must work while we still have the opportunity. .
just before He sends them out to declare and demonstrate the kingdom. By giving the name to Christ.) 28Stop being afraid of those who kill the body but can‟t kill the soul. This is the greatest loss—eternal separation from God. sickness. whose epitaph reads.” (God created you to be one of His children. He has such great plans for you!) Acknowledging the Messiah (Luke 12:8-9) .‖) 29“Two sparrows are sold for a penny. Cf. (…without His knowledge or His presence. His cause would be gloriously vindicated in a coming day. Physical death is not the supreme tragedy for the Christian. and what is whispered in your ear you must shout from the housetops. Fear God (Luke 12:2-7) 26“So never be afraid of them. they were actually calling Jesus Satan. the Twelve. (Who is He talking to? He is actually addressing Christian missionaries.is ghenna. even the hairs on your head have all been counted! (He knows more about you than you do! He cares that much!) 31So stop being afraid. You are worth more than a bunch of sparrows. Because the Jews had given this name to Satan. So the worst men can do is. and from hope. and nothing secret that will not be made known. because there is nothing hidden that will not be revealed. John 15:18). (Freely and fearlessly tell others all that God has taught you. ―hell‖ .Matthew In derision the Jews changed one letter in the word and gave the name to Satan in an Aramean form – Beelzebul … god of dung. they poured upon Him the greatest possible abuse and contempt. To die is to be with Christ and thus far better. for when they fear hell. The words of Jesus in verse 28 evoke memories of the saintly John Knox. (They should not fear the seeming victory of their foes. in a real sense. Leave the consequences with God. and it is translation into eternal glory. and death. aren‟t they? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground without your Father‟s permission. The worst that men can do is kill the body. sorrow. from Christ. ―Here lies one who feared God so much that he never feared the face of any man. Instead. Spiritual death is the loss that cannot be measured and the doom that should be avoided at all cost. He said that they should fear hell themselves. And thru Christ He has made it possible for you to be forgiven your rebellion and sin and be restored to His family. the best thing that can happen to the child of God. suffering. As someone has said. or filth. they will not fear anyone or anything else. ―God attends the funeral of every sparrow.) 27What I tell you in darkness you must speak in the daylight. It is deliverance from sin. be afraid of the one who can destroy both body and soul in hell. even martyrdom.‖) 30Indeed.
We are therefore to confess Christ in every circumstance of life and before everyone. a daughter against her mother. taking advantage of every opportunity to speak out for the Lord. 36A person‟s enemies will include members of his own family. (The cross Christ is speaking of here is not sickness. Romans 10:9-10. and to take a stand for Him. everyone who acknowledges me before people I. and the one who loves a son or daughter more than me isn‟t worthy of me. (―… and are more concerned about pleasing them than pleasing Me. . by refusing or neglecting to speak out and act according to His many commands.) 35I came to turn „a man against his father. A cross is an instrument of death. Matthew 7:21-23.Matthew 32“Therefore.‖ Jesus is calling you to a commitment of all that you are.” (Christ can be disowned by both words and actions. When you in truth take your stand for Christ and for what He taught. Romans 6:22. above all other relationships that you have. Without obedience/holiness a person will never see God. too. See Luke 12:8-9. and work industriously to further His Kingdom and glory and our future glory. a means of execution! A man carrying a cross was a man devoted to death. or adversity of any other kind. It is not merely in one act that we are to do it. and we now obey Him.‟ (Cf. Romans 5:2. Mic 7:6. 10:9-10. and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law. but Division (Luke 12:49-53) 34“Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. When either Heaven or Hell are at stake. will acknowledge before my Father in heaven.) 38The one who doesn‟t take up his cross and follow me isn‟t worthy of me. In the case of most of the twelve apostles. Revelation 3:5. will deny before my Father in heaven. Hebrews 12:14. conflict. Obedience refused is to deny or disown Christ as Lord. and by silence. To be born again means that we have turned from our rebellion toward God.) 33But whoever denies me before people I. Prepare to fight violently against iniquity. too.) The Cost of Discipleship (Luke 14:25-27) 37“The one who loves his father or mother more than me isn‟t worthy of me. disappointment.e. trials. this led to the ultimate confession of the Lord in martyrdom. suffering. Proverbs 3:35. 14-16. Any shame or reproach we might bear will be abundantly rewarded in heaven when the Lord Jesus confesses us before His Father. you will be declaring your opposition to the lost world‘s standards. 8:18. but in every act. silence is treason! Mark 8:38) Not Peace. I did not come to bring peace but a sword! (i. (A confession of Christ includes our actions as well as our words. Christ calls all of His followers to death – to willingly die daily to all selfish desire and ambitions. And the opposition you will face can be very brutal.
because. He asks for your affection – unto death! Are we worthy of His love and sacrifice for us if we give Him anything less? To carry our cross and follow Him means to do our full duty toward God and man. and encourage him you will get part of his reward. You should not regard his dress. with his comfort. and is willing to lose out in much. no matter what others may think.) 41The one who receives a prophet as a prophet will receive a prophet‟s reward. say. but you should look beyond these things and say.‖ We are not saved by works. the prophet came from the Lord to instruct both priest and king. the same reward that is given to the prophet will be given to you. Christ says that if you do no more than receive a prophet in the capacity of prophet. But it is also true that we are not saved unless we are truly born again. and the one who receives a righteous person as a righteous person will receive a righteous person‟s reward. (To receive an ambassador. security. you will lose your reward. Obedience is the test of devotion.” (Love of Christ must overmaster the instinct of self-preservation. He now asks you to die to yourself for His sake and the sake of others. and pleasures here. The greatest possible difference you could make with the rest of your life is to help others be in heaven with you. or do. and priests ministered in the name of the Lord. and the one who receives me receives the one who sent me. ―Is this message of God for me? Is this man a prophet of God to my soul?‖ If he is. Christ is actually saying. and who denies Me by avoiding any rejection he might experience by openly confessing to one and all that he loves Me and lives only to please Me. (The Jews regarded the reward of the prophet as the greatest. according to His instructions in Scripture. receive him. But the one who lives only to please Me. magnify his word and work. It is a great thing to help a man who is seeking to do good. his attitude. but all are called on to value Him so highly that they do not count their lives precious to themselves. Not all disciples are required to lay down their lives for the Lord. that this brief life offers as he gives his life to Me. The greatest waste of a life is to spend it in the gratification of self. will lose eternal life. while kings bore rule in the name of the Lord. and the one who loses his life because of me will find it. 1 Cor 15:31. John 12:24. but if you make it difficult for him to discharge his office.) 42I tell all of you with . Christ died for you. Think of that if you are inclined to criticize a speaker! If you help him to speak for God.Matthew 1 Corinthians 15:43. resulting in a sincere desire and intention to do all that is required of us by our Lord. is to enjoy diplomatic relations with his country. and get part of his reward. his manners or his voice. will gain eternal life. it is true. who stands in the place of the government that commissions him. if you help the prophet along. or all.) 39The one who finds his life will lose it. ―Anyone who is mainly concerned about ‗having it made‘ in this life.) Rewards (Mark 9:41) 40“The one who receives you receives me. but the greatest use of a life is to spend it in the service of Christ.
) 3and asked him. recognized Jesus of Nazareth as the promised Messiah. 61:1. On Jesus' lips. or should we wait for someone else?” (Deut 18:15. the deaf hear. I am sending my messenger ahead of you.) 7As they were leaving. “Go and tell John what you hear and observe: 5the blind see. Jer 23:5-6. or for them for a training mission?) 4Jesus answered them. „See.Matthew certainty. was in the Fort of Macherus. those who wear fancy clothes live in kings‟ houses. Heb. Men who were guided by fleshly desires might doubt His claim to kingship. John was a prophet—in fact. John was not like this. and humiliation were out of character with the prevailing image of the militant Messiah.) 10This is the man about whom it is written. But God's blessing would rest on those who. it is the valid expression of His personal perfection. the Messiah had come as a humble Carpenter. he was greater because of his position as forerunner of the Messiah-King. John was not moved or shaken by anyone or culture. he sent a message by his disciples (John the Baptist. lowliness. the greatest of the prophets. “Are you the Coming One. whoever gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple will never lose his reward.) 9Really. and the destitute hear the good news. lepers are cleansed. the lame walk. Christ have the same meaning – the anointed One. His gentleness. Messiah and Gr. 9:6-7. Did John send these disciples for himself. The Lord did not imply here that he was greater as to his personal character. Zech 9:9. who will . Mic 5:2. and rather die than lie. what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes. “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? (Meaning someone who is swayed by every person‘s opinion or criticism. not John the disciple. eloquence. (John was a simple man of God whose austere life was a rebuke to the enormous worldliness of the people. Isa 7:14.) Matthew 11 1When Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples. he left there to teach and preach in their home towns. who would rather suffer than be silent. an embodied conscience. (Jesus answered that He was performing the miracles predicted of the Messiah: Isa 35:5-6.” (No kindness shown to a follower of Jesus will go unnoticed. John the Baptist Sends Messengers to Jesus (Luke 7:18-35) 2Now when John heard in prison about the activities of the Messiah. Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John. or persuasiveness. John was a fearless preacher. and even more than a prophet! (Well. the dead are raised. by spiritual insight. Instead of appearing as a colorful military general. I tell you. Are you?) 8Really. 18.) 6How blessed is anyone who is not offended by me!” (On other lips this would be the boast of a supreme egotist. what did you go out to see? A man dressed in fancy clothes? See. 53:4.
‟ (If you preach on the streets you will not be liked . This requires a violent earnestness. (Those who were ready for the King's coming responded vigorously to the announcement and strained every muscle to enter. John's privilege was great in preparing the way for the Lord. Cf 2 Kings 2:11. Elijah will return shortly before God judges the earth. He that will take. All Hell will oppose him in every step he takes. (They were the instructors concerning the Messiah who was to come. but he does have greater privilege. one must first die before he can be reincarnated into another body.‖ Cf.) 12“From the days of John the Baptist until the present. John was not Elijah reincarnated. If John fulfilled the prophecy concerning Elijah. the kingdom of righteousness. John 1:21. A woeful dirge we chanted. but John was the one chosen to announce His actual arrival. but he did not live to enjoy the blessings of the kingdom. the kingdom from heaven has been forcefully advancing. or get possession of. 17„A wedding song we played for you.‟ (Other men had prophesied the Coming of Christ. Jews still put a place setting on the table for the prophet Elijah. A person who is least in the kingdom of heaven does not necessarily have a better character than John. but then you would not mourn. he will surely perish everlastingly. he is Elijah who is to come. He was taken to heaven. Luke 16:16. must be in earnest. John closed the Old Testament. John is like Elijah. until John came). (Jesus was speaking of John's privilege. and urging the need of such energy if salvation is to be obtained. (Very likely meaning. The final segment of the service is called the ―cup of Elijah‖ looking forward to the coming of Elijah as the forerunner of Messiah. Don't miss the significance of what you are hearing. Jesus opens the New Testament. He came in the spirit of Elijah. then Jesus was the promised Messiah! In thus accrediting John the Baptist. Yet even the least important person in the kingdom from heaven is greater than he. In the Passover service today. too. and violent people have been attacking it. the dance you all did scorn. Malachi 4:5-6. Elijah does not fit the reincarnation model — he did not die.) 13because the Law and all the Prophets prophesied up to the time of John. Mal 3:1) 11I tell all of you with certainty. According to traditional reincarnation. This is the meaning in Luk 16:16.) 15Let the person who has ears listen! (In other words. Hebrews 9:27. peace and spiritual joy. Our Lord is describing the energy with which some people are pressing in. To be a citizen of the kingdom is greater than to announce its arrival. and at every expense.Matthew prepare your way before you. ―John opened the way for Christ and then he got out of the way for Christ. 14If you are willing to accept it. and if a man be not absolutely determined to give up his sins and evil companions and have his soul saved at all hazards. not his character.) 16“To what can I compare the people living today? They‟re like little children who sit in the marketplaces and shout to each other. Luke 1:17. because even John said he was not Elijah. Jesus was reaffirming His claim to be the Christ of God. pay heed. among those born of women no one has appeared who is greater than John the Baptist. It has been well said. Nowhere does the Bible teach reincarnation. When did the Old Testament end? John the Baptist. Just as a drowning man may become ―violent‖ to be saved and at times have to be knocked out by a lifeguard. To accept one would lead to acceptance of the other.
any verse or saying used on those sandwich signs are not gospel. 4. „He has a demon!‟ 19The Son of Man came eating and drinking. He was a man of the people. Though the mass of the Jews might refuse to acknowledge Him as MessiahKing. Though unbelieving men might slander Him. your signs or banners are bad. a glutton and a drunk. You don‘t sing when you preach. but He never shared or approved their sins. your method you used is wrong. why were they just all called ‗sinners?‘ Tax collectors are sinners too. they don‘t like your message. or your political view. Chorazin! How terrible it will be for you. And of course the famous. Here are a few definitions to the word ―upbraid‖: 1. you are too condemning and taunt sinners. There are degrees of sin to ears that can hear. To treat discourteously.” (We find several verses in the Gospels where the words ―tax collectors and sinners‖ are used. a friend of tax collectors and sinners!‟ Absolved from every act of sin. To allege something disgraceful against. He is vindicated in His works and in the lives of His followers. 2.Matthew for many reasons. 5. You will be told that you do not quote Bible verses. because they didn‟t repent. you are attacked for taking them out of context and not knowing your Bible. Cf 1 Cor 1:30. To charge with a fault. The Lord Jesus is Wisdom personified.) 21“How terrible it will be for you. He befriended sinners in order to save them from their sins. so you can bet the farm that Jesus did not go around quoting John 3:16 to everyone. Bethsaida! Because if the miracles that happened in you had taken place in Tyre and Sidon. Others find fault in what tracts you pass out or why you do not give out full Bibles. 3. Some have issues with the message on your t-shirts. Bottom line is people will fault find things in your life or what they think you have said and if they don‘t like you for one reason. they will not like you for another reason.) Jesus Denounces Unrepentant Cities (Luke 10:13-15) 20Then Jesus began to denounce the cities in which most of his miracles had taken place. Jesus kept company with sinners. and they say. you never invite people to Church and you are too judgmental. than if you do quote them. His claims were completely verified by His miracles and by the spiritual transformation of His devoted disciples. „Look. To reproach with severe or insulting words. 6. they were so bad they had their own label. (Now the scripture does not say what our Lord preached in those cities but we do know that the word ―denounce‖ is the strongest word for rebuke. They will charge you of looking mean. right? Not according to the Bible. (Chorazin and Bethsaida . To jeer at. Meaning tax collectors were not even considered a regular sinner.) 18Because John didn‟t come eating or drinking. If all sin were the same. they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. as they were measured lower than a sinner and on the food chain of sin. is wisdom by all her children. having no joy and others will accuse you of joking too much or just not keeping with the gospel. you need to give out water. To attribute blame to. yet people say.
The location of Capernaum is not positive. and where few. there were four prominent cities in Galilee: Chorazin.Matthew are nothing but ruins today. Cf John 3:36. much will be required. In the days of our Lord. Capernaum will be brought down to Hell in judgment. and Tiberias. however. Why worse for Chorazin and Bethsaida? If the works that were done at Chorazin and Bethsaida where done there. Its people should have repented and gladly acknowledged the Lord. God‘s judgment. But the depth of suffering in hell is conditional on the privileges spurned and the sins indulged. who never accepted Jesus. Sodom will not be punished as severely as Capernaum in the day of judgment. But Capernaum missed its day of opportunity. Therefore. Bethsaida. The single sin that consigns men to hell is refusal to submit to Jesus Christ. it would have repented and been spared. This remarkable fulfillment of prophecy is one more evidence of the Savior's omniscience and the Bible's inspiration. Had vile Sodom. To whom much is given. Capernaum. We . Cf 1 Cor 3:12-15.) Jesus Praises the Father and Invites the Disciples to Come to Him (Luke 10:21-22) 25At that time Jesus said. Chorazin and Bethsaida will have a greater judgment than Tyre and Sidon because they were given greater light and did not respond. It was the most favoured spot on earth. been so privileged. it will be more bearable for the land of Sodom on Judgment Day than for you!” (Sinners often accuse God of being unjust by saying ―God is unfair in that Hitler and a dear old lady. Tyre and Sidon are all through the Old Testament. “I praise you. where the gospel is broadcast. (―wise and intelligent‖ as the world sees them. the capital of homosexuality. will you? You‟ll go down to Hell! Because if the miracles that happened in you had taken place in Sodom. will both go to hell. If this is true of Capernaum. Tiberias still stands. Father. it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon on Judgment Day than for you! (The words indicate that there will be degrees of punishment in hell. (Jesus had made Capernaum His headquarters during His entire public life. they would have repented. are without excuse.‖ They assume that everyone will receive the same punishment in hell. What has been the result? The destruction of Chorazin and Bethsaida is so complete that their exact sites are unknown. Some of His most extraordinary miracles were performed there.) 23“And you. He denounced the first three but not Tiberias. But Capernaum's privilege was greater. This verse shows that there will be degrees of punishment. Capernaum! You won‟t be lifted up to heaven. the most exalted in privilege. just as there will be degrees of reward in heaven. if any. will be according to righteousness.) 22Indeed I tell you. Sodom's sin of perversion was great. because you have hidden these things from wise and intelligent people and have revealed them to infants.) 24Indeed I tell you. But no sin is greater than Capernaum's rejection of the holy Son of God. it would have remained to this day. Lord of heaven and earth. Lifted up to heaven in privilege. how much truer of places where Bibles abound.
Man's hate and obstinacy could not extinguish His love and grace.) Matthew 12 Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:23-28. (In order to truly come to Jesus. labor.) 26Yes. we might be tempted to think of an arbitrary selection of a favored few. Luke 6:1-5) .Matthew should avoid two possible misunderstandings. They deliberately refused to submit to Him. Only those who acknowledge they are lost can be saved. it does not chafe. all of you who are weary and loaded down with burdens. A yoke is supposed to curb the will and bring one under control. Jesus was not expressing pleasure in the inevitable judgment of the Galilean cities. When they refused the light. because this is what was pleasing to you. it would have read. Jesus thanked the Father for ordaining that if some would not have Him. Jer 6:16. We are yoked with One who gives sufficient grace for every time of need. a person must admit that he is burdened with the weight of sin. etc.) 29Place my yoke on you and learn from me. 27All things have been entrusted to me by my Father. The cities had every chance to welcome the Lord Jesus. ―My yokes fit well. Father.) 28“Come to me. This does not mean that there are no proble ms. and I will give you rest. Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is preceded by repentance toward God. As we examine this invitation of infinite tenderness. But God's plans will not fail. Those who consider themselves too wise and understanding to need Christ become afflicted with judicial blindness. and you will find rest for your souls.‖ His burden is light. God withheld the light from them. and no one fully knows the Father except the Son and the person to whom the Son chooses to reveal him. To serve Him is not bondage but perfect freedom. He did not imply that God had high-handedly withheld the light from the wise and prudent.) 30because my yoke is pleasant. a plow. In other words. let us remember that it was issued after the blatant rejection of Jesus by the favored cities of Galilee.” (A yoke is a wooden frame to fasten two animals together to pull a load. Someone has suggested that if Jesus had had a sign outside His carpenter's shop. or heartaches in the Christian life. In the face of titanic unbelief He found consolation in the overruling plan and purpose of God. The following verse guards against such an interpretation. the ones to whom He chooses to reveal the Father are those who trust Him as Lord and Savior. and my burden is light. Secondly. others would. When we read that the Father is revealed only to those whom the Son chooses. (The Son will reveal many things about the Father to all who give clear evidence of true and total desire to make Him Lord of all their life. The Lord Jesus issues a universal invitation to all who are weary and heavy laden to come to Him for rest. Unlike those of the Pharisees! Mat 23:4. First. But those who admit their lack of wisdom receive a revelation of Him. trials. Jesus' yoke is easy. because I am gentle and humble. No one fully knows the Son except the Father. But it does mean that we do not have to bear them alone. (Cf.
Thus. the tabernacle tent. Also. Harvesting picking the grain. God puts compassion before ritual. God permitted an otherwise forbidden act. He would rather see His people picking grain on the Sabbath to satisfy their hunger than observing the day so strictly as to inflict physical distress. Deut 5:14.) 8for the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath. however. The Pharisees added more rules to the Sabbath. His followers would not have been reduced to eating in this way on the Sabbath or on any other day of the week. but the nation would not acknowledge Him as Sovereign. Lev 8:31. 2. 3But he told them. the disciples‘ crime was not that they were stealing the grain.separating the grain from the chaff). It cost the Lord a lot more to redeem you. 29:32-33.) 4How is it that he went into the house of God and ate the Bread of the Presence. Cf. accused the disciples of: 1. The Lord Jesus was the rightful King of Israel. Why not? The reason is that God's law was never intended to inflict hardship on His faithful people.) 2When the Pharisees saw this. Yet. If he had been given his rightful place. Exod 25:30. It was not David's fault that he was in exile. Instituted in Genesis 1. Threshing . History was repeating itself.” (It was He who had instituted the law in the first place. The analogy is clear.) 7If you had known what „I want mercy and not sacrifice‟ means. a Sabbath for the land. “Look! Your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath!” (Though their specific charges are not stated it is likely that the Pharisees. the Jewish day of rest . The Sabbath is set apart by the Lord. Jesus walked through the grain fields on a Sabbath. (―Sabbath‖: Saturday.Matthew 1At that time. A sinful nation had rejected him. and is what they ultimately accuse Him of. yet God never found fault with them for doing this. and therefore He was the One most qualified to . The Lord did not reprove His disciples. The Temple hadn‘t yet been built. There where laws were strangers passing by could pick the grain that they needed for hunger. because they had done no wrong. he and his followers would not have had to eat the showbread. The Sabbath here is referring to the Sabbath for man.) 5Or haven‟t you read in the Law that on every Sabbath the priests in the Temple violate the Sabbath and yet are innocent? (―violate the Sabbath‖ by carrying out priestly duties.see Ex 20:10. (Quoting from Hos 6:6. His disciples became hungry and began picking heads of grain to eat. but also to the redemption. they told him. legally installed in the ten commandments. Here the Sabbath day is linked not only to creation. If He had been given His proper place. you would not have condemned the innocent. Because there was sin in Israel. 3. there is also. but rather the apparent crime was that they were doing this on the Sabbath day. Num 28:9) 6But I tell you. than to create you in the first place. “Haven‟t you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? (1 Sam 21:5. something greater than the Temple is here! (―something greater than the Temple‖: This is important because it comes up in His trial. Deut 23:25. The Sabbath day is tied to the concept of creation. note that the disciples were not stealing. which was not lawful for him and his companions to eat but was reserved for the priests? (―house of God‖: that is. Neither David nor his men were priests.rubbing it in their hands. legal nit-pickers. The Law of gleaning which comes into play in the Book of Ruth also plays an important role here. Winnowing . 11. 15.
10Suddenly. God’s Chosen Servant 15When Jesus became aware of this. however. we are saved by the Lord we keep. The people asked Jesus if it was lawful to heal on Sabbath days. It is one thing to ordain the Sabbath so it has reverence and respect.) Jesus Heals a Man with a Paralyzed Hand (Mark 3:1-6. Instead they went into a white rage against Jesus.Matthew interpret its true meaning. and he healed all of them. how much more justified is it to do good to a man on the Sabbath!) 13Then he told the man.) 12How much more is a human being worth than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on Sabbath days. (Visible problem. Luke 6:6-11) 9Moving on from there. don‘t make it a legalistic thing. A set-up or entrapment. not as a prerequisite to our access to the throne of Grace. Many crowds followed him. then they would catch Him in a punishable offense. if he had one sheep and it fell into a ditch on the Sabbath. a man with a paralyzed hand appeared.” (If it is right to show mercy to an animal. “Is there a man among you who.) 11But he asked them. they thought. We need to realize that we are not saved by the days we keep. Jesus kept the Sabbath in spite of the accusations of the Pharisees to the contrary. (Rhetorical questions. they were an economic unit. He freed it from the false rules and regulations with which it had become encrusted. “Hold out your hand. Despite some of these amusing episodes. As a faithful Jew living under the law.” He held it out and it became normal. Sabbath day issue: There are those who are really hung up on this issue. Our access is through the completed work of Jesus Christ who did keep the Sabbath day for you and I. but it is another to ignore the pragmatics of the situation. Faith and human will were called into action. went out and plotted against Jesus to kill him. (You would think that the Pharisees would have been happy that the man. If one waited to deliver it until after the Sabbath it may die or be stolen. Just recognize why you are doing it. (Luke tells us that the scribes and Pharisees were there to watch Him so that they might find some charge against Him). Jesus doesn‘t wait for an answer. Obedience was then rewarded with healing.) 14The Pharisees. whom they had neither the power nor inclination to help. he left that place. If they had had a withered hand. so it is practical to get it out. as healthy as his other hand.) Jesus. If He would heal on the Sabbath. As the Lord of the Sabbath. They knew that the Savior was always predisposed to alleviate human misery. (He healed ALL of them!) 16ordering . That which we do is done as an act of worship. This doesn‘t mean that God won‘t honor you if you choose to honor the Sabbath day as a day of worship. wouldn‟t take hold of it and pull it out? (Sheep were not pets. Jesus went into their synagogue. they would have been glad to be healed on any day of the week. intending to accuse him of doing something wrong. was healed.
them not to make him known. (Too much public acclaim would only increase the fury of the opposition, causing them to demand His death immediately, before His work was finished. God had chosen the time and place for Him to die. He was the Lamb of God who must die in Jerusalem on the day of Passover as God‘s sacrifice for the sins of the world. Ex 12:1-14; 29:38-39; Isa 53:7; John 1:29, 36; 1 Pet 1:19; Rev 5:6; 12:11. The Passover Lamb was killed on the 14th day of the first Jewish month, Nisan, at twilight … right after sundown, which was the beginning of the day in Israel. Lev 23:5. Christ was sacrificed on the same day at 9 o‘clock in the morning as the 14th of Nisan began at the previous sundown. Mark 15:25. And He died at 3 in the afternoon of the same day. So the last Jewish Passover recognized by God was observed during the first 12 hours of the 14th of Nisan. After which, God made His sacrifice for the sins of all the world during the last 12 hours of the same day. When this happened it was God‘s New Testament, or God‘s New Agreement with mankind, regarding the forgiveness of our sins. See John 3:16.) 17This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said, 18“Here is my Servant whom I have chosen, whom I love, and with whom I am pleased! I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to unbelievers. (God would put His Spirit upon Him—a prophecy fulfilled at the baptism of Jesus. And His ministry would reach beyond the confines of Israel: He would proclaim justice to the Gentiles. This latter note becomes more dominant as Israel's ―NO‖ grows louder.) 19He will not quarrel or shout, and no one will hear him shouting in the streets. (In other words, He would not be a political rabble-rouser, stirring up the populace.) 20He will not snap off a broken reed or snuff out a smoldering wick until he has brought justice through to victory. (He will not break the person who is weeping and mourning and broken in spirit because of sin; that is, He will not be severe, unforgiving and cruel. He will pardon, heal, and give strength. He will not further oppress those who have little strength. He will not extinguish life and hope when it seems to be almost gone.) 21And in his name unbelievers will hope.” (Cf. Isa 42:14. In Isaiah this expression is worded ―And the coastlands take ownership of His law,‖ but the meaning is the same. The coastlands refer to the Gentile nations. They are pictured as waiting for His reign so that they might be His loyal subjects.) Jesus is Accused of Working with Beelzebul (Mark 3:20-30; Luke 11:14-23; 12:10)
a demon-possessed man who was blind and unable to talk was brought to him. Jesus healed him so that the man could speak and see. (In Judaism, there were procedures for exorcism, but in the procedures they required the demon to identify himself. Thus, if it was the type of demon that had struck this guy dumb, there was no way to exorcize him as one could not get him to identify himself. In this case, this exorcism was recognized as unusual.) 23All the crowds were amazed and kept saying, “This man isn‟t the Son of David, is he?” 24But when the
Pharisees heard this, they said, “This man drives out demons only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.” (Second time they have attributed His works to Beelzebub. This ties to the unpardonable sin.) 25He knew what they were thinking and told them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is destroyed, and every city or household divided against itself will not stand. (Jesus knew their thoughts. Only God can know one‘s thoughts.) 26So if Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How, then, can his kingdom stand? (Jesus is pointing out the logical fallacy of the Pharisee‘s position.) 27If I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your own followers drive them out? That is why they will be your judges! (Jesus is referring to they, the other Jewish followers, who did have demonstrated power to cast out demons. Acts 19:13.) 28But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come to you. 29How can someone go into a strong man‟s house and carry off his possessions without first tying up the strong man? Then he can ransack his house. (Jesus is the One who can tie up Satan‘s demons. Far from being in league with Satan, the Lord Jesus was Satan's Conqueror. The Strong man‘s house - Rev 6 - 19 where the strong man‘s house is the Planet Earth!) 30The person who isn‟t with me is against me, and the person who isn‟t gathering with me is scattering. (There is no middle ground. There can be no neutrality concerning Christ. You are either truly for Him and working with Him, or you are against Him, and your indifference or opposition gives evidence of it. To fail to openly take a definite stand for Christ, and openly defend His truths and His true servants, is to be a deserter and a traitor. Rom 10:9-10). 31So I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven, but blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. (The ministry of the Holy Spirit is to convict you of sin, and your need for a savior. While Satan tries to condemn you for your sins. Remember Rom 8:1. How does one tell if it is conviction from the Holy Spirit or condemnation from Satan? Is what is happening drawing you closer to or away from God? If your feeling of remorse for your sin is drawing you into God‘s Word, than that is the Holy Spirit. If the feelings, attitudes, thoughts and doubts over the issue, cause you to shun the Word, that is Satan trying to get you on a guilt trip.) 32Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the one to come.” (If you are worried about having committed the unpardonable sin, you haven‘t done it! Many people worry that they have committed the unpardonable sin. The fact that a person is concerned is evidence that he is not guilty of it. Those who committed it were hard and unrelenting in their opposition to Christ. They had no qualms about insulting the Spirit and no hesitancy in plotting the death of the Son. They showed neither remorse nor repentance.) A Tree is Known by Its Fruit (Luke 6:43-45)
make the tree good and its fruit good, or make the tree rotten and its fruit rotten, because a tree is known by its fruit. (Even the Pharisees should have admitted that the Lord had done good by casting out demons. Yet they accused Him of being evil. Here He exposes their inconsistency and says, in effect, ―Make up your minds.‖ The fruit of His ministry had been good. He had healed the sick, the blind, the deaf, and the dumb, had cast out demons and raised the dead. Could a corrupt tree have produced such good fruit? Utterly impossible! Why then did they so stubbornly refuse to acknowledge Him?) 34You children of serpents! How can you say anything good when you are evil? The mouth speaks about what overflows from the heart. (―children of serpents‖: Gen 3:15. Heart: Jer 17:9, 10; Matt 15:19. The Bible clearly teaches whatever is in a man‘s heart will come out from his mouth. If you wish to see who is a real Christian at work, just hang around the water cooler and listen to what people say. The language is fornication, adultery, drunkenness, drugs, smoking, sports, lying, stealing and gossip. The office watering hole will expose who you are as we will be judged by those very words. No matter what ministry or calling you think God wants for you, speaking, witnessing and preaching should be as natural as breathing. For IF Jesus is in your heart, JESUS WILL come out from those lips be it one on one or one on ten thousand.) 35A good person brings good things out of a good treasure house, and an evil person brings evil things out of an evil treasure house. (A heart filled with goodness will be evidenced by words of grace and righteousness. A wicked heart expresses itself in blasphemy, bitterness, and abuse.) 36I tell you, on Judgment Day people will give an account for every thoughtless word they have uttered, (There is not a word on our tongue that God doesn‘t know. Because the words people have spoken are an accurate gauge of their lives, they will form a suitable basis for condemnation or acquittal.) 37because by your words you will be acquitted, and by your words you will be condemned.” (Rom 10:9, 10.) The Sign of Jonah (Mark 8:11-12; Luke 11:29-32)
some of the scribes and Pharisees told Jesus, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.” (They have just seen a leper healed, two blind men, a demoniac, etc. all healed! And they still want a sign!) 39But he replied to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves a sign. Yet no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah, (The unsaved often want a ―sign‖ from God. This is in spite of the testimony of creation, their conscience, the Bible, and the Christian.) 40because just as Jonah was in the stomach of the sea creature for three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights. (Authentication of the Book of Jonah! The prophet Jonah wrote the book, and not just a myth, a real story. ―heart of the earth‖ - where is Hades, Sheol, ghenna? Jesus points out that Jonah spent three days and three nights in
night and day". Luke 16 . yet when they heard the preaching of the errant prophet Jonah. However. unless one has a theory to prove. Such passages as Genesis 42:17. 13. in order to get the Bible out of an embarrassing situation. 1 Kings 20:29. the queen of Sheba. because they repented at the preaching of Jonah. i. in the center of the earth. it would prove unto them that He was not the Messiah. Hence the great need for Him to do exactly what He promised them to do. i. permanent. But look—something greater than Jonah is here! (Jesus depicted the guilt of the Jewish leaders by two contrasts. they point out that. three days and three nights.e. The Abusso was probably the center of Hades. therefore. Jonah 3:1-10) 42The queen of the south will stand up and condemn the people living today. Cf. Men. because she came from so far away to hear the wisdom of Solomon. being crucified on Wednesday. Luke 11:30. Hades was temporary place. The Abusso has no bottom: and the only place on earth with no bottom is the center of the earth. there is a gulf between the good half and bad half of Hades. and 1 Chronicles 10:5 are cited to prove this theory. there is no explanation for what He did on Wednesday. they insist that this is the literal meaning of the phrase ―three days and nights. All other days are accounted for. the Jews demanded a sign of Him to prove His claim. allege that the Jews counted a part of a day as the whole day. nor drunk any water. on the view that Jesus was crucified on Friday. They offer the following in support of this contention. Only one of them even contains the expression "three days and three nights" 1 Samuel 30:12. 72 hours." There is no reason to take any of the passages cited in any sense except their literal sense. Friday. they repented with deep grief. the Gentiles of Nineveh were far less privileged. 1 Samuel 30:12. Third. in Esther 4:15. a . The "three days and three nights" in Jonah 1:17 are to be taken in their literal sense.) 41The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment and condemn the people living today. is not the same wording as "three days and three nights" in Matthew 12:40.Matthew the belly of the whale. While Ghenna is in the outer darkness. There is no mention of any nights at all in the other passages.Abraham‘s bosom is the good side of Hades.‖ Second. but floated. Since Jesus claimed to be the Messiah. If this sign were not literally fulfilled.e. But there is absolutely no reason to give "three days and three nights" in 1 Samuel 30:12 any meaning except their literal meaning. "three days." What authority has any man to contradict these plain words by affirming the time was not so long? The expression. so shall Jesus spend three days and three nights in the belly of the earth. First. 18. Esther 4:15-17. Jesus could give them no better proof that He was the Messiah than the literal fulfillment of the well-known sign of Jonah. Divine inspiration declares the young man "had eaten no bread. Was Jesus in the grave for exactly three days and three nights? If Jesus was crucified on Friday. they argue that the passover was not a fixed day. He is referring to the grave. But look! Something greater than Solomon is here!” (Second. none of these passages prove "three days and three nights" means two nights and one day. how could He have been in the grave three days and nights? Some scholars believe Jesus was in the grave for three full days and nights. from Hades. they give no evidence as to the meaning of "three days and three nights. This was the only sign Jesus ever gave them to prove His Messiahship. First.
it is evident that Mary did not occupy any place of special privilege as far as access into His presence was concerned.Matthew Gentile outside the pale of Jewish privilege. swept clean. but finds none. And so the final condition of that person becomes worse than the first. He had traveled from heaven to their little neighborhood to be their Messiah-King. 44Then it says. his mother and brothers stood outside. First. 6:3. and who are my brothers?” 49Then pointing with his hand at his disciples.‟ When it arrives. The implication is strong that these were actual sons of Mary and therefore half-brothers of our Lord. That‟s just what will happen to this evil generation!” The True Family of Jesus (Mark 3:31-35. 1 Cor 9:5. Mat 13:55. wanting to speak to him. Before leaving this incident. at great effort and expense. Cf. 1 Kings 10:1-13.” 48He asked the man who told him. but one must fill the vacuum left behind. 50because whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother. Mar 3:31-32. This view is strengthened by such other Scriptures as Ps 69:8. Reformation is not enough. the mention of Jesus' brothers strikes a blow at the teaching that Mary was a perpetual virgin. There must be the positive acceptance of the Savior. A spiritual vacuum is a dangerous condition. John 7:3.) Matthew 13 The Parable about a Farmer . for an interview with Solomon. Yet they had no room in their lives for Him. His allegiance. One may cleanse the man of the demon. traveled from the South. 7:5. The Jews of Jesus' day did not have to travel at all to see Him. Luke 8:19-21) 46While Jesus was still speaking to the crowds. Gal 1:19. Acts 1:14. (Casting out a demon from someone leaves a vacancy. was to His family of faith. “Here are my mother and my brothers. “Who is my mother. and they go in and settle there. (Jesus had brothers and sisters. we should mention two points concerning the mother of Jesus.) The Return of the Unclean Spirit (Luke 11:24-26) 43“Whenever an unclean spirit goes out of a person.” (Jesus was saying that His circle. it finds it empty. “Look! Your mother and your brothers are standing outside. „I will go back to my home that I left. and put in order. as the sequel shows. asking to speak to you. it wanders through waterless places looking for a place to rest. From here on Jesus speaks only in parables to the public.) 45Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself. Second. he said.) 47Someone told him.
The field in the collective sense is the world. Who is the Sower and what is He sowing? God is the Sower and the seed is His Word. But He certainly does demand perfect intent. Don‘t confuse parables with stories. They sprouted at once because the soil wasn‟t deep.) 3Then he began to tell them many things in parables. some seeds fell along the path. there are no roots. Perhaps a prophecy. 7Other seeds fell among thorn bushes.) 9Let the person who has ears listen!” (The model is that the Lord is the Sower. the evil one takes away the seed. Third. four. Cf Isa 55:10. Verse 18 explains the parables to the disciples in private. Stories happened. a little persecution and they are on to the next fad. 11. In stony places. sowing the seed. they were scorched. some 60. there is a little soil but not enough to take root. Hos 10:12. they dried up. He sat in a boat and taught the multitude on the shore. If you are holding back any portion of yourself from the Lord.) 4As he was sowing.) 8But other seeds fell on good soil and produced a crop. an object lesson or an allegory. Lazarus.) The Purpose of the Parables . A little pressure. the Gentiles. (Notice the decline in the fruit. he had a name. this was a real event. you are living in rebellion against Him. Remember. (―birds‖: Jer 5:27) 5Other seeds fell on stony ground. The world makes it‘s demands on you and the thorns choke out any spiritual fruit. Luke 8:4-18) 1That day Jesus left the house and sat down beside the sea. during its interim form. where they did not have a lot of soil. in this case. and the thorn bushes grew higher and choked them out. Adam and Eve were rebellious in only one area of their lives. You are not really converted. The rich man and Lazarus is not a parable.) 2Such large crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat down. He said. To produce fruit. while the entire crowd stood on the shore. 6But when the sun came up. Thus the Lord's movement symbolizes a break with Israel. “Listen! A farmer went out to sow. In the world there is different kinds of ground. the kingdom will be preached to the nations. (The Holy Spirit seems to use idioms or ideas consistently … called the ―Principle of Expositional Constancy‖. (Jer 4:3. which is the Word of God. birds are bad in parables. the seed lays there and the birds of the air take it away. It is either all or nothing. (Jesus was a ―beach preacher‖. The last type is the condition of the heart where the seed really takes root and bears fruit. and birds came and ate them up. Who are the birds? See v. and some 30 times what was sown. A parable is sort of like a riddle. they mean well but they get swept up in the cares of this world. the seed of the word of God must be allowed to penetrate deep into the life and soul of a person and take full possession. (Many Bible students see the house as picturing the nation of Israel and the sea. Since they did not have any roots. some 100. The first is hard surface. 19.Matthew (Mark 4:1-9. and are unwilling to be faithful and obedient in everything. This does not mean that God demands sinless perfection.
on the other hand. more will be given.‖ These are the words of God in human form. therefore they were not only prevented from receiving more light. They had accepted the light.‖) 14“With them the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled. they would be given the capacity for more. They have shut their eyes so that they might not see with their eyes. and your ears because they hear! (These are not the words of merely a ―great teacher. But from the one who doesn‟t have anything. and hear with their ears. had rejected the Light of the world. they would receive more light. or He was the source of life in the flesh. He was speaking of Himself—blessed are those who see Him and hear His words.) 17I tell all of you with certainty.) 11He answered them. therefore. Isa 6:9-10. The disciples had faith in the Lord Jesus. One commentator compares the parables to the pillar of cloud and fire which enlightened Israel while confusing the Egyptians. You will look and look but never comprehend. and to hear the incomparable teaching which came from His lips.) 12because to anyone who has something. The disciples were favored to live at that crisis moment in history. A mystery or a secret in the NT is a fact never previously known by man. and they listen but don‟t hear or understand. 15for this people‟s heart has become dull.) 13That‟s why I speak to them in parables. The parables would be revealed to those who were sincerely interested but would prove ―only an irritation to those who were hostile to Jesus. therefore. John 12.) . even what he has will be taken away from him. They are a learning aid. because they were seeing what no one had seen before. to witness His miracles. Mark 4:25. which says: „You will listen and listen but never understand. but their desire had not been fulfilled. and understand with their heart and turn.‟ (Cf. 19:26. The prophets and righteous men of the OT had longed to be living when the Messiah arrived.‟ (Cf.” (The disciples were tremendously privileged. Cf. “You have been given knowledge about the secrets of the kingdom from heaven. Luke 8:18. Light rejected is light denied. One almost gets the idea that the truth is embodied in parables to tuck it away so some can‘t find them. but it hasn‟t been given to them. “Why do you speak to people in parables?” (They asked Him to explain His method. The Jewish nation. (Is God unfair in giving to those who have? What is He talking about? Spiritual insight. and to hear the things you hear but did not hear them. Isa 42:20. but which has now been revealed. Luke 8:9-10) 10Then the disciples came and asked Jesus. many prophets and righteous people longed to see the things you see but did not see them. (The parables are given to those who are spiritually enlightened so you can know the mysteries of the kingdom. because „they look but don‟t see. and I would heal them.) 16“How blessed are your eyes because they see. to see the Messiah. and their ears are hard of hearing. and he will have more than enough.Matthew (Mark 4:10-12. which man could never learn apart from divine revelation. but only to those who have the Holy Spirit to illuminate His truth. they would lose what little light they had. He was either the greatest egotist who ever lived. Not for those in the darkness.
he lasts for only a short time. understands it. and produces a crop that yields 100. They attend mainly for social reasons. it‘s hard! Matthew 7:13-14. The one sowing seed is any minister. or anyone else telling one or more people the Great News God has for them. Those who receive the seed in the thin soil on the rock are those who joyfully accept the message. Some of this is due to faulty preaching and teaching. They are more concerned about keeping their old friends who are on their way to Hell.) 23But as for what was sown on good soil. denoting continuous present action. 20As for what was sown on the stony ground. backed by much prayer by preacher and people. because it‘s in the present active. but not if it‘s going to cost them very much. Luke 8:11-15) 18“Listen. this is the person who hears the word and accepts it joyfully at once.Matthew Jesus Explains the Parable about the Farmer (Mark 4:13-20. this is the person who hears the word. 21but since he doesn‟t have any root in himself. then. They think only of their own selfish plans and desires. 22As for what was sown among the thorn bushes. but can‘t take the heat when persecution comes. 60. They try as quickly as possible to forget it. 19When anyone hears the word about the kingdom yet doesn‟t understand it. instead of where they are going. They way is not easy. The Greek word for ―hear‖ in this instance has been translated ―continue to listen‖. But every step of the difficult way will be abundantly worth it when we get where we are going. or 30 times what was sown. and more concerned about pleasing neighbors and family members than in pleasing the Lord. Innumerable preachers and teachers today are preaching an easy way to Heaven. the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. or to ease their conscience. to the parable about the farmer. he immediately falls away. they also need to pray. but their hard hearts won‘t allow the message to change them. become church . They want Heaven. Such hearts need to be plowed deeply by uncompromising preaching. There needs to be a breaking up and crushing of the heart in order to get the seed in where it can grow. especially if they were convicted by it. Those who receive the message among thorns are those who agree with the message. Bible teacher.” (Consider what the Lord is saying here in the parable about the farmer sowing seed. this is the person who hears the word. This is what was sown along the path. Jesus always let His hearers know that it would cost them everything to follow Him and gain eternal life. These are people who agree with the message. They have little interest in the truth. When trouble or persecution comes along because of the word. If those with hard hearts have any concern at all for their future in Heaven or Hell. There are probably more unsaved church people than we can begin to imagine. Some of these folks even attend church regularly. but the worries of life and the deceitful pleasures of wealth choke the word so that it can‟t produce a crop. are baptized. (See John 15:1-6 to discover what happens to those who don‘t bear fruit. Those receiving the message along the hard pathway are those who hear the message.
And they are constantly searching His word so they may obey and serve Him better. nothing less. This is a good illustration of cults. indicating continuous present action. but on all the others!) The Parable about the Weeds among the Wheat 24He presented another parable to them: “The kingdom from heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. But it is the way Christ and His apostles taught! Check it out. but bring the wheat into my barn. They are living for God. They don‘t produce a crop. didn‟t you? Then where did these weeds come from?‟ 28“He told them. and at harvest time I will tell the reapers. „No! If you pull out the weeds. But their sights are on the eternal future! No wonder God is blessing. But they are slaves to their daily cares. or they turn it completely over to the Lord. They put obedience to God ahead of all else. his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat and went away. They are thoroughly enjoying the present. and live it. Read the Bible for yourself and let God show you what the truth is. because it‘s also in the present active. which is the mood of certainty. but are not. But it‘s also in the indicative mood. “Gather the weeds first and tie them in bundles for burning. the weeds appeared.”‟” (Why did the farmer order this delay in . Christ demands our all. or Dr. in spite of the difficulties. you sowed good seed in your field. 27“The owner‟s servants came and asked him. a weed resembling wheat while it is growing. (―Weeds‖: Actually darnel. You cannot be only half converted and be converted. and they are producing a great harvest. „An enemy did this!‟ “The servants asked him. as they serve the Lord in whatever occupation they are in. and even serve the Lord. Join these dedicated ones with all your heart! Fearful warnings from Christ and His apostles hang over all others! Not on just some of the others. So the work they do for God is not from the heart and is not very effective. Don‘t let the cares of this world and the desire for things and experiences bog you down and bring upon you the judgment received by those in John 15:1-6.) 26When the crop came up and bore grain. you might pull out the wheat with them. „Do you want us to go and pull them out?‟ 29“He said. The Greek word for ―hear‖ in this verse is also translated ―continue to listen‖. Be one of those in Mark 4:20. and for eternal treasures. trusting Him to make it a blessing instead of a hindrance. „Master. too. The work they do for the Lord is done mainly to ease their conscience. They would rather spend their time ―in a more profitable and enjoyable way‖. Anything that hinders or keeps them from being their best for the Lord is put out of their lives. They really believe it.Matthew members. 25While people were sleeping. So and So preaches and teaches. You may object and say that that‘s not the way Rev. it is poisonous! Must separate it out. If it gets mixed up in the wheat and you bake bread with it. 30Let both grow together until the harvest. but then while it matures it turns black … it shows its true color. They resemble the real thing. These folks have a positive attitude about the message of the Lord. and are cumbered with desire for wealth and for all in this life that will satisfy their carnal appetites.
by history.) 32Although it is the smallest of all seeds. and by current events.” (A common interpretation is that the meal is the world and the yeast is the gospel which will be preached throughout the world until everyone becomes saved.Matthew separation? In nature the roots of the grain and darnel are so intertwined that it is virtually impossible to pull up one without the other. But with the patronage and protection of the state. So there is no contradiction here between science and Scripture. It is still common in Israel.‖ Rev 18:2. Have you ever seen a bird lodge in a small bush? This mustard seed apparently grows to become a monstrosity. Then the birds came and roosted in it. The seed is the size of a fleck of ground pepper. It would be unhealthy growth. This view. Mustard seeds grow into bushes about 3 feet tall. Though the tiny seed would become an abnormal tree. ―Brassica nigra‖. It becomes a structure so large and spacious that birds come and lodge in the branches. A burning of the weeds and the wheat into His barn. Jesus was not referring to all the seeds in the world. Mormonism. Christian Science. something larger than it is supposed to.) 33He told them another parable: “The kingdom from heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed with three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.) The Parables about a Mustard Seed and Yeast (Mark 4:30-32. Ex 12:15. its largeness would become ―a prison for every unclean spirit. At first the kingdom was kept relatively small and pure as a result of persecution. What Jesus said was literally true in the context in which He said it. And it is a fact that the mustard seed was the smallest of all seeds which the 1st century Jewish farmer sowed in his field.” (Did Jesus make a mistake when referring to the mustard seed as the smallest of all seeds? Today we know that the mustard seed is not the smallest seed of all. saying. a prison for every unclean bird. and the birds in the sky come and nest in its branches. So here the Lord forewarned the disciples that during His absence the kingdom would experience a phenomenal growth. See v. when it is fully grown it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree. is contradicted by Scripture. (This is evidently the black mustard. and the Unification Church … the latter is also known as moonies. Yeast is always a type of evil in the Bible. Birds are the birds that picked up the seed in the first parable. however. When God commanded His people to rid their houses of yeast. but only those that a Palestinian farmer sowed in his field. They should not be deceived nor equate growth with success. and a prison for every unclean and hated beast. Luke 13:18-21) 31He presented another parable to them. The kingdom became a nesting place for Satan and his agents. the ministers of Satan! The seed represents the humble beginning of the kingdom. Today the umbrella of Christendom covers such Christ-denying systems as Unitarianism. 36 for explanation. But there will be a separation. Jehovah's Witnesses. “The kingdom from heaven is like a mustard seed that a man took and planted in his field. Cf. they understood this. If anyone ate what . it suffered abnormal growth.
(In His interpretation of the wheat and tares parable. See Rev 2:20. See 1 Cor 14:34. 1 Tim 2:12). and has been sowing through His servants in succeeding ages. He did not tell them anything without using a parable. (The field is the world. ―creation of the world‖: 7 times in the NT ( Mt 13:35. 9:26. yeast means either evil doctrine or evil behavior.) 35This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet when he said.Matthew was leavened from the first till the seventh day of this Feast of Unleavened Bread. Jesus only spoke to the multitudes in parables from Chapter 12 on. The yeast is evil doctrine. some have defiantly taken the place of doctrinal authorities and have adulterated the food of God's people with destructive heresies. Ps 78:2. So in this parable the Lord warns against the permeating power of evil working in the kingdom of heaven. while the weeds are those who belong to the evil one. not on every occasion. He sowed directly during His earthly ministry. and the context of Gal 5:9 shows that there it means false teaching. Rev 13:8. “The person who sowed good seed is the Son of Man. (Did Jesus always speak in parables or not? Jesus‘ statement may have only a reference to what He was doing at that time. 17:8. he would be cut off from Israel. In general. 12 and the yeast of Herod in Mark 8:15. Why Jesus Used Parables (Mark 4:33-34) 34Jesus told the crowds all these things in parables. Lk 11:50. These things that the Lord is talking about in Mt 13 are first time occasions. Jesus warned against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees in Mat 16:6. 25:34. this parable shows the inward corruption that would take place. “I will open my mouth to speak in parables. The good seed are those who belong to the kingdom.) Jesus Explains the Parable about the Weeds 36Then Jesus left the crowds and went into the house. “Explain to us the parable about the weeds in the field. It is important to emphasize that the field is the world. Heb 4:3. not the church. Not found overtly in other Old Testament books. I will declare what has been hidden since the creation of the world. ―The weeds‖: Satan has a counterfeit for every divine reality. Jesus identified Himself as the sower.) 38while the field is the world.” 37He answered. We believe that in this parable the meal represents the food of God's people as it is found in the Bible. He sows the world . The parable of the mustard seed shows evil in the external character of the kingdom. It does not say that He always and on every occasion spoke to a crowd only in parables. The woman is a false prophetess who teaches and beguiles. In 1 Cor 5:6-8 yeast is defined as vice and wickedness. His disciples came to him and asked. These parables contain truths that are hidden from the Old Testament otherwise they would not have been ―hidden from the creation of the world‖.” (Cf. Is it not significant that women have been the founders of several false cults? Forbidden by the Bible to teach in the church.
41The Son of Man will send his angels. But they are not genuine followers of the King.) 39The enemy who sowed them is the devil. The treasure is hidden in the field. the letters to Seven churches.” (Sounds like the parable of the hidden treasure. and that this condition will continue until the end of the age.Matthew with those who look like. (―end of the age‖ found 6 times in the NT: v. and they will gather from his kingdom everything that causes others to sin and those who practice lawlessness 42and they will throw them into a blazing furnace. 28:20. See Mal 3:17. He died on the cross for all sinners. This means that pearls were not prized by the Jewish community. Let the person who has ears listen!” (This parable does not justify. not pearls. (i.” (Not saying to sell all and buy Jesus Christ. ―Who has ears …. to assume that you can add to that which God has called complete is blasphemy. What did it cost Him? His Blood. and the reapers are the angels. the kingdom from heaven is like a merchant searching for fine pearls. He didn‘t buy just one little parcel He bought the whole field. not the church. In his excitement he went and sold everything he had and bought that field. who will enjoy the glorious reign of Christ on earth. Heb 9:26. 47. Rev 14:911.) The Parable about a Hidden Treasure 44“The kingdom from heaven is like treasure hidden in a field that a man found and hid.) 40Just as weeds are gathered and burned with fire. The parable simply teaches that in its mystery form. one can only eat seafood with scales. 20:10-15) 43Then the righteous will shine like the sun in their Father‟s kingdom. yet says jewels. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Cf. To aspire to doing anything to gain Him is blasphemy. Remember that the field is the world. Man‘s age. to some extent. While they might trade in them . Lk 16:19-31. 40. Mat 25:41. talk like. who will be taken away in judgment. the kingdom of heaven will include the real and the imitation.‖ from Rev 2 & 3. 1 Cor 5:9-13. 39. He purchased what? You and I! Who is the treasure hid in the field? You and I!) The Parable about a Valuable Pearl 45“Again. and. walk like disciples. Deut 8 forbids oysters. the genuine and the counterfeit. as some mistakenly suppose. so it will be at end of the age. The One that gave up all that He had for the sake of the treasure is Jesus Christ! He wanted the treasure. or the world. Local churches are explicitly commanded to put out of their fellowship all who are guilty of certain forms of wickedness. 24:3. To feel that you can add one thing to that which He has done 100% is arrogance. 46When he found a very valuable pearl. the toleration of ungodly people in a local Christian church. Who did the buying? He did. the harvest is the end of the age.e. Remember in the Torah the laws that were laid down. as Jesus is free gift. Oysters are not kosher. Ps 135 – we are described as His peculiar treasure. he went and sold everything he had and bought it. from the true. Then God's messengers will separate the false. See Ex 19:5. extreme pain.
” (i. Luke 4:16-30) 53When Jesus had finished these parables. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. They remain together until the Day of Judgment when the separation of the good and the bad takes place. The Church always grew under persecution. pearls are the only one that is made by a living organism as a response to irritation that has been introduced. they remain in the world. or even make us slightly jealous of them. “That is why every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom from heaven is like the master of a household who brings both new and old things out of his treasure chest. “Yes. both spiritual and physical. (Notice the good fish and the bad fish were in the net together. 54He went to his hometown and began teaching the people in their synagogue in such a way that they were amazed and asked. you are then able to teach others. by bringing out the truth from both the Old and New Testaments. In ministering to others they were now to use truths from both the Old Testament and from the new truth He was giving them.) 49That is how it will be at the end of the age. they were obligated to share with others. What a fascinating model of the Church! A Gentile organ grows as the response to an irritation. pearls are distinctly a Gentile ornament. extreme pain) New and Old Treasures 51“Do you understand all these things?” They told him. It is removed from its place of growth to become an item of adornment.e. The angels will go out. from old truths to be rediscovered and from new truths yet to be discovered in God‘s message. and threw the bad ones away. the kingdom from heaven is like a large net thrown into the sea that gathered all kinds of fish. Perhaps we cannot answer ―yes‖ so confidently. sorted the good fish into containers. not terminals of blessings.) Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth (Mark 6:1-6. Disciples are to be channels.) The Parable about a Net 47“Again. from old and new experiences in life. he left that place. cull out the evil people from among the righteous ones. “Where did this man get this wisdom . not a Jewish ornament.) 52Then he told them. The world is not caught in the dragnet of the kingdom of heaven. the fishermen hauled it ashore. The ―fish‖ that are caught are those who respond to the gospel – the evangelistic ―catch‖.” (Because they understood.” (This may surprise us. Then they sat down. 50and will throw them into a blazing furnace. When you have come to understand the truth.Matthew because they would sell them to the Gentiles. 48When it was full. So why a pearl of great value used by Jesus in this parable? Because of all jewels.
When he died he was succeeded by Herod Archelaus. the Tetrarch of Judea. Mar 6:5. Remember His last visit where they wanted to stone Him.Matthew and these miracles? (―hometown‖: Nazareth. hearing about the fame of Jesus. at least two of his brothers become believers.) 4John had been telling him. he pointed his finger at Herod and . healing people who would have resented being told they were sick. isn‟t it? His mother is named Mary. isn‟t she? His brothers are James. the one we are discussing in this passage. Then Herod Antipas. Indignantly and fearlessly. It was not because He could not do the works. (Unbelief largely hindered the Savior's work in Nazareth. not Jewish. mentioned in Luke 3:1. 2told his servants. Simon. man's wickedness cannot restrain God's power. aren‟t they? So where did this man get all these things?” 57And they were offended by him. and that‟s why these miracles are being done by him. who was east of the Jordan. and put him in prison on account of Herodias. Masada. He undertook extensive building campaigns. Luke 9:7-9) 1At that time Herod the tetrarch. This is not Herod the Great found in Mt 2. John could not let this pass without rebuke. Cf. And that is what John the Baptist kept preaching against. and from each generation there is at least two mentioned.) 56And his sisters are all with us. and Judas. He was in power because of his politics with Rome.) 3Herod had arrested John. his brother Philip‟s wife. “A prophet is without honor only in his hometown and in his own home. But He would have been blessing people where there was no desire for blessing. He healed only a few sick folk there. filling needs where there was no consciousness of need.) 58He did not perform many miracles there because of their unbelief. Joseph. His own district and His own relatives allowed their familiarity to breed contempt. Herod‘s family tree is unusual in that you have daughters that marry great uncles. Herodius. This prompted Jesus to point out that a genuine prophet is generally more appreciated away from home. The Tetrarch of Galilee and Paria. Herod tried to silence him by throwing him in prison. He was Idumean.) Matthew 14 The Death of John the Baptist (Mark 6:14-29. “It is not lawful for you to have her.” (As a prophet of God. Samaria. Then Philip of Trachonitis. But being married to this Arabian daughter of an Arab King was sort of academic because he lived in open adultery with his brother Phillip‘s wife. “This is John the Baptist! He has been raised from the dead. (Herod Antipas was married to the daughter of King Aretas of Arabia. But Jesus told them. and Idumea. He teaches in the synagogue and they are impressed. bound him with chains. The fourth was another Philip.” (They were offended at Him. aren‟t they? (Note his brothers! Mary did not remain a virgin after Jesus! We know that after His resurrection.) 55This is the builder‟s son.” (There are at least three generations of Herods in the New Testament. James and Jude. etc.
Instead.) 10So he sent word and had John beheaded in prison.‖ This is why Herodias nursed a grudge against John. Some say the sin was that of incest.‖ All this verse proves is that Herod was evil. danced before the King.) 9Under pressure because of his promises and his assembled guests. (The king was angry enough to kill him but it was not politically expedient. calling only for Herod to say he was sorry and giving permission to continue on with Herodias. right here on a platter. The only way to repent of both was to release the woman. continuous action: ―For John had been telling. Salome requested. Herod Antipas is succeeded by Herod Agrippa. (The man whose little sermon is ‗repent‘ sets himself against his age. ―The ungodly like religion in the same way that they like lions. but also for the sinner. “Give me. Herodias would not have had reason to be so upset with John. Apparently it was the style of the King at such occasions to grant a broad wish if he is pleased. they carried off the body and buried it. and she took it to her mother.” (Herodius had more ambitious plans. Jesus commended John as being the greatest man born of women.Matthew denounced him for his immorality. which shows that immorality is sin. Herod was upset because he did not want to do this for political reasons. She pleased Herod 7so much that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she asked for. There is but one end for such a man – ‗off with his head!‘ You had better not try to preach repentance until you have pledged your head to heaven. ―Just recognize you sinned. the head of John the Baptist. perhaps violently. he is the one that starts the Christian persecutions in Jerusalem … Acts 12. not only for the saint. literally! Her daughter. and will for the time being be battered mercilessly by the age whose moral tone he challenges.) 11His head was brought on a platter and given to the girl. he was afraid of the crowd. (Does this passage prove that birthdays are evil? In this passage Herod on his birthday put John the Baptist to death. This is ―guilt by association. she said. Actually. John died in vain. against John's execution. Herod had committed two sins: adultery and incest.‖) 6But when Herod‟s birthday celebration was held. If adultery were merely an act. So the tyrant satisfied his rage momentarily by having the Baptizer imprisoned. either dead or behind bars. they fear religion when it breaks loose and begins to challenge their consciences. John was rebuking a sinner. but stay with her and don‘t commit adultery again with another woman‖. Salome was married to her great uncle Phillip mentioned in Luke 3. for the head of John the Baptist on a silver platter... but he had committed himself. by the prompting of her mother. ) 5Although Herod wanted to kill him. He did not say: ―It is not lawful for you to have taken her‖ but rather ―It is not lawful for you to have her‖. 8Prompted by her mother. The people acclaimed John as a prophet. Then . the daughter of Herodias danced before the guests. 12When John‟s disciples came. since they regarded John as a prophet. the king ordered that it be done. and would have reacted. The Jehovah‘s Witnesses take this to mean that birthdays are evil and should not be celebrated by God‘s people. Salome. not that birthdays are evil. He has a son that is also named Agrippa. If he had said. Herodius had planned for this occasion. Note also in Mark 6:18 John‘s warning to Herod was a repeated. she wanted his head. He should have been more discreet and sensitive.
) 15When evening had come. Two is the number of witness. on the Sea of Galilee. “Bring them to me. Why five loaves and 2 two fishes? Five is number of grace. Send the crowds away so that they can go into the villages and buy food for themselves. he saw a large crowd. and it‟s already late. This is . (Far from being irritated by this intrusion. Jesus by boat. John 6:1-14) 13When Jesus heard this. ―Towns‖: Many towns around the Sea of Galilee. John notes that these loaves were in some small basket that a child had. and nothing for them to eat!) 16But Jesus told them.) 17They told him. (They could not have gone to anyone better to pour out their grief and indignation..” (When evening came.. “We don‟t have anything here except five loaves of bread and two fish. so He made sure that their needs were met. His disciples felt that a crisis was brewing. one for each to take home. Notice that wherever we see the number five used in scripture it is in a place suggestive of the Grace of God. after 3:00 p. (Five thousand men. Can go by foot around the Sea. he left that place and went by boat to a deserted place by himself. You give them something to eat.) Jesus Feeds More than Five Thousand People (Mark 6:30-44. in Revelation. a lot of people came a long way to hear Him. Why 12 baskets left over? Maybe to teach the twelve disciples a lesson. “This is a deserted place. oppression. He had compassion for them and healed their sick. plus women and children. the disciples went to him and said. Until the right time. he looked up to heaven and blessed them. Then the disciples picked up what was left of the broken pieces. and Jesus did a miracle when they brought the best they had.” 19Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass.” (He caught the disciples off guard by saying this. Out in the wilderness. besides women and children.) 18He said. it‘s just a many mile journey.000 men.Matthew they went and told Jesus.. (Getting such a large multitude to sit down was also not a small task!) 20All of them ate and were filled. Nor could they have left us a better example. “They don‟t need to go away. The boy‘s lunch was the best they could bring.” (A loaf of bread was generally seven inches in diameter and half an inch to once inch thick. our compassionate Lord set to work immediately. (Jesus avoids the region of Herod the Tetrarch and stays in the region of Phillip. Luke 9:10-17.) 21Now those who had eaten were about 5. Then he broke the loaves in pieces and gave them to his disciples.m. So many people.) 14When he got out of the boat. Two witnesses are seen in Joshua. suffering. In times of persecution. etc. We can be sure He did not go because of fear. Taking the five loaves and the two fish. they had far more food left over than when they started! Why did the Lord do this? Practical dimension. and the disciples gave them to the crowds. He knew that nothing could happen to Him before His time had come. and sorrow. The crowds heard of it and followed him on foot from the neighboring towns. Cf John 6:59. twelve baskets full. (After feeding that immense crowd. that is. we too should go and tell it to Jesus.
and came to Jesus.) 28Peter answered him. Faith has to do with believing coupled with relying upon.) 26When the disciples saw him walking on the sea. Peter had the concept. When the night seems darkest. “Come on!” So Peter got down out of the boat. save me!” (Lesson for you and I. One can infer that these experienced fishermen were reluctant to go to sea because they could see a storm coming. at sunset. He is near at hand. walking on the sea. John 6:16-21) 22Jesus immediately had the disciples get into a boat and cross to the other side ahead of him. but just a longing to follow the Lord into the realm of the supernatural. and the other. There is always a little band of disciples with seemingly pitiful resources. in despair. Peter knew Jesus intimately—he knew the mind of the Master. he went up on a hillside by himself to pray. “Lord. Cf John 12:26). (―by himself to pray‖: Hos 5:15.) 23After dismissing the crowds. But all the time He is praying for us. he shouted. 29Jesus said. One.” (Peter sensed that Jesus' commands are His enablements. 27“Have courage!” Jesus immediately told them. while he sent the crowds away. “Lord. When disciples are willing to give Him their little all. Stop being afraid!” (How true to our own experience! We are often storm-tossed.m. As he began to sink. order me to come to you on the water.) Jesus Walks on the Sea (Mark 6:45-52. When evening came.) 24By this time the boat was in the middle of the sea and was being battered by the waves. Mk 6:30-44. perplexed. Cf Lk 9:10-17. Then we hear His comforting voice and remember that the waves that caused us to fear are under His feet. began in midafternoon. (Did Jesus know that there was a storm coming? Jesus made the disciples go on the boat.Matthew the only precrucifixion miracle that is in all four Gospels. 25Shortly before dawn. because the wind was against them. And always there is the compassionate Savior. 15. I can believe that the Lord will sustain me. he was frightened. referred to in v. We often mistake Him even then and push the panic button. I don‘t have faith until I actually step off. 30But when he noticed the strong wind. Jn 6:1-14. We get the impression that while Peter looked at the Lord he was doing fine. In Jewish reckoning there were two ―evenings‖. and Jesus put His blessing on Peter‘s idea. The Savior seems far away. Believing something and having faith are two different things. He knew that his desire wasn‘t an impertinent presumption. that He gives strength for whatever He orders. Why is this one included? The miracle is a spiritual lesson for disciples of every generation. We get the impression that Peter looked around at his circumstances. if it‟s you.) 31At . started walking on the water. he was there alone. “It‟s me. referred to here. There are very few events that are in all four. then he starts to sink. they were terrified and cried out. Jesus came to them. trusting. The hungry multitude is always present. “It‟s a ghost!” And they screamed in terror. (―Shortly before dawn‖: between 3:00 and 6:00 a. He multiplies it to feed thousands.
and it was the respect and reverence that Judaism had for the Torah that preserved them for God‘s purpose. They held the Torah higher. caught him. which they put above the written tradition. ―Don‘t wash their hands‖: Bible does have laws for the priests. “You who have so little faith. there were no sick people. In Judaism. In some respects Judaism was the embodiment of the commandments of God. The oral traditions which were embodied in writings called the Talmud and. ―tassel of his garment‖: echo back to the woman with the issue of blood?) Matthew 15 Jesus Challenges the Tradition of the Elders (Mark 7:1-23) 1Then some Pharisees and scribes came from Jerusalem to Jesus and asked. “You certainly are the Son of God!” (One gets the impression that there was more than the 12 disciples in the boat.) Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret (Mark 6:53-56) 34They crossed over and came ashore at Gennesaret. For example: Ex 34:26. 35When the men of that place recognized Jesus. of which there is nothing about washing your hands in this sense in the Old Testament. the wind stopped blowing. Yet. superseded the Torah. yet here we are talking about your everyday orthodox Jew. at least. (And so the doctors in that area had a holiday. and the kosher laws. Notice their belief. Judaism was also ensnared with traditions of men. saying. they sent word throughout that region and brought him everyone who was sick. but would only look at it through the interpretation of the Talmud or the Mishna.” (The Pharisee headquarters was in Jerusalem. the Mishna. “Why do you also disregard the commandment of God because of your tradition? (Jesus escalates the whole discussion up a bit. 2“Why do your disciples disregard the tradition of the elders? They don‟t wash their hands when they eat. The district experienced health and healing through a visit by the Great Physician.) 3But he answered them. . and everyone who touched it was completely healed. and asked him. For a while. This was Gentile country. there are oral traditions. why did you doubt?” (Why did he sink? Because of his doubt. so why mention that these were from Jerusalem? We will be seeing a confrontation between the traditions of Judaism and the commandments of God. in another sense.Matthew once Jesus reached out his hand. 33Then the men in the boat began to worship Jesus. Looking down caused him to doubt and the doubt caused him to lose power. Always remember Rom 8:28!) 32As they got into the boat. 36They kept begging him to let them touch just the tassel of his garment.
you were to provide for them. “Whatever support you might have received from me has been given to God. ―Human rules as doctrines‖: Everyone of the great heresies started with a germ of truth that got exaggerated. The Jews were forbidden to eat the meat of any animal which did not chew the cud and have cloven hooves. They insisted. From this idea came a practice. for instance.) 6does not have to honor his father. Thus. „You are to honor your father and your mother.‟ and. you could claim them as corban—it is a gift.” (Under the Levitical code. He said that the food which His disciples ate with unwashed hands did not defile them. 8„These people honor me with their lips. “Listen and understand! 11It is not what goes into the mouth that makes a person unclean. (There was a set of traditions. So they used this tradition of reserving it as a gift to God as an excuse to get around the commandment to care for their father and their mother. overemphasized. then.‟” (Cf. over embellished and eventually became a heresy. say grandpa and grandma were hungry. If it was corban it was excluded from your requirement to take care of your parents. If he had been in the marketplace. Which meant specifically that those goods were set aside for the Temple for the Lord. or in reserve for the performance of a vow. or for the keeping of some vow.‟ Because of your tradition. So Jesus is saying that these traditions are not only wrong. he addressed them. and will surely bring down His wrath in judgment upon us sooner or later. Minute instructions were given by God as to foods that were clean or unclean. Exod 20:12. Lev 20:9) 5But you say. but their hearts are far from me. because they teach human rules as doctrines. that before a Jew ate. what went into the mouth did defile a man.) 10Then calling out to the crowd. „Whoever tells his father or his mother. but they have been contrived as to make the commandment of God of no effect!) 7You hypocrites! How well did Isaiah prophesy of you when he said. But the hypocrisy of the . washing not just the hands. „Whoever curses father or mother must certainly be put to death. he should put his hands through an elaborate cleansing process. but also the arms up to the elbows.) 4Because God said.” (This all applies to money.Matthew The elders had added tradition to the cleansing rituals. you have disregarded the authority of God‟s word. Failure to do so is known by God. Now the Law-giver paved the way for the abrogation of the whole system of ceremonial defilement. 9Their worship of me is empty.‟ (Cf. the Pharisees criticized the disciples for failing to observe the intricacies of the washings prescribed by Jewish tradition. Deut 5:16 and Exod 21:17. Isa 29:13. But it is just as important that we show real loving care for our parents in many other ways as well. They were not allowed to eat a fish unless it had scales and fins. It is what comes out of the mouth that makes a person unclean. But if you had a big steak you could declare it corban as being exempt from having to take care of your parents with it. Their worship was worthless because they were giving higher priority to the traditions of men than to the Word of God. One being that you could set aside some of your goods for either of two purposes: as a dedication to the Temple. If your goods were in that category. or vow. Scriptural protection from this sort of trap is to absorb the whole counsel of God. he was supposed to take a ceremonial bath.
The Law of Moses dealt with the overt act with was enforceable by the society. “Do you realize that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this statement?” 13He replied.) A Canaanite Woman’s Faith (Mark 7:24-30) 21Then Jesus left that place and went to the region of Tyre and Sidon. Luk 6:39. If food doesn't defile. But their inner lives were polluted. and it is those things that make a person unclean. sexual immorality. as well as murder. (As far as we know. they were blind to spiritual realities as were the people they were leading. and slander. false testimony. (For a plant to be bad. “Explain to us this parable. They are blind guides of the blind. Jer 5:30-31. God never cures an old heart. This part of man's moral nature manifests itself by impure thoughts.) 14Leave them alone. Nothing is more deceitful than the heart.” (The Pharisees and scribes were extremely careful concerning the ostentatious. yet plot to kill the Son of God and be guilty of the whole catalog of sin listed in verse 19. both will fall into a ditch. not physical. it is the abuse of a thing that is wrong. Cf Mat 12:33-37) 19It is out of the heart that evil thoughts come.” (Though professing to be authorities in spiritual matters. then by depraved words. 6 and 7 on the Sermon of the Mount. Jesus Christ in Matthew 5. They majored in minors and overlooked the matters of real importance. But eating with unwashed hands doesn‟t make a person unclean. this was the only time during His public ministry that He was outside . He gives us a new one. but the corrupt source of human motives and desires. If you even think these things. all it has to be is a plant that God did not plant! Meaning things in your life. then explained that true defilement is moral. Incurably wicked.) 12Then the disciples came and asked him. (Stealing is also denying someone else the rightful use of his or her own property. They could criticize the disciples' failure to keep uninspired traditions. then what does? Jesus answered… ) 18But the things that come out of the mouth come from the heart.. “Every plant that my heavenly Father did not plant will be pulled up by the roots. translates those intents to the heart. Anything that is in your life that God didn‘t plant is temporal and will be rooted out.Matthew scribes and Pharisees—that was truly defiling.) 20These are the things that make a person unclean. stealing. In fact. This is not a parable this is a straightforward instruction. then by evil acts.) 16Jesus said. punctilious observance of hand-washing ceremonies. Edible foods are not intrinsically clean or unclean. no material thing is evil in itself. None of us can lay claim to not having any one of these occur in our heart.. (Here the heart is not the organ that pumps blood. adultery.” (Parables are riddles. If one blind person leads another blind person. ―Heart‖: Jer 17:9-10. “Are you still so ignorant? 17Don‟t you know that everything that goes into the mouth passes into the stomach and then is expelled as waste? (The Lord first expressed wonder that they were so slow to understand. Isa 9:13-17. 2 Tim 4:3-4) 15Then Peter told him.
” (The Jews considered themselves children of God. in effect. And they were accustomed to referring to all other people as dogs. They placed them at his feet.) 23But he didn‟t answer her at all.) Jesus Feeds More than Four Thousand People . the Canaanites.” (She said. 31As a result. Two prophecies that point to the fact that the Canaanite will be driven out of the land. bestowing spiritual healing on Gentiles during this age when His ancient people are set aside nationally). (The presumption is strong that this was a Gentile neighborhood. ―Son of David‖ is a title of the Messiah. the crippled. “Have mercy on me. she is a Gentile.Matthew Jewish territory. Son of David! My daughter is severely demon-possessed!” (Area of Lebanon. The people. being Canaanite. “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the nation of Israel. He does not respond because she has no basis.) 25Then she came and fell down before him. and many others. 17:6.) 26He replied.” (His primary mission was to Israel. But I notice that crumbs sometimes fall from the table to the floor.) 24But he replied. she is not Jewish. Lord. The Canaanites were not supposed to be spared by Joshua. 18:1-8.‖) 28Then Jesus answered her.) 27She said. ―You are right! I am only one of the little puppies under the table. but I beseech You to do it for one of Your undeserving creatures. “Lord. the crippled healed. Jesus Heals Many People 29Jesus left there and went along the Sea of Galilee.‖ If she couldn't come to Him as a Jew to her Messiah.” That very hour her daughter was healed. she would come as a creature to her Creator. those unable to talk. So they praised the God of Israel. This is certainly implied from Jesus‘ next words. and the blind seeing. and he healed them. the lame walking. “Send her away. the crowd was amazed to see those who were unable to talk speaking. Luke 11:5-13. “It‟s not right to take the children‟s bread and throw it to the puppies. the blind.) 22Suddenly. Won't You let me have some crumbs? I am not worthy that You should heal my daughter. (Jesus said she had great faith because she refused to be denied. and she is of a specifically cursed group. correctly deduced that the God of Israel was working in their midst. Then his disciples came up and kept urging him. 30Large crowds came to him.” (The Lord chose to ignore her! ―Send her away‖… with her cure. a Canaanite woman from that territory came near and began to shout. associating Jesus and His disciples with Israel. bringing with them the lame. Zech 14:21. But even the puppies eat the crumbs that fall from their masters‟ tables. The fact that our Lord healed this Gentile daughter at a distance suggests His present ministry at God's right hand. Then he went up on a hillside and sat down. saying. your faith is great! What you want is granted. because she keeps on screaming as she follows us. Lord. help me!” (―Lord‖: Different than her first calling of Him as ―Son of David. Cf Joel 3:17. “Yes. “Lady.
This might be a hint of the Church. 12 baskets.000. the 12 tribes. I don‟t want to send them away without food. “Where in the wilderness are we to get enough bread to feed such a crowd?” (Again His disciples became frustrated at the impossible task of feeding such a mob). have accused the Bible of duplication. at least twice and up to five times bigger. five the number of grace. then the disciples picked up what was left of the broken pieces—seven baskets full. and a few small fish. Matthew 16 Interpreting the Time (Mark 8:11-13. contradiction. 5000 men+ women and children … and less left over … 7 vs. They were specifically aimed at Israel. confusing this incident with the feeding of the 5. (He expects His disciples to do what they can.Matthew (Mark 8:1-10) 32Then Jesus called his disciples and said. So the seven baskets here may have been a lot more than was left over last time. (This time more loaves … 7 vs. The fact is that the two incidents are quite distinct. they did not believe in the supernatural and denied the existence of angels and spirits. and the disciples gave them to the crowds. and the fishes aren‘t numbered. besides women and children.) 33The disciples asked him. 34Jesus asked them. in order to test Jesus they asked him to show them a sign from heaven. the modernists. the resurrection of the . the small boy that had the basket … the basket was actually a small hand bucket.” (Note that there are seven loaves. or they may faint on the road. Luke 12:54-56) 1When the Pharisees and Sadducees arrived. The Holy Spirit is drawing our attention to the number seven. 36he took the seven loaves and the fish and gave thanks. “Seven. the seven baskets full!) 38Now those who had eaten were four thousand men. and miscalculation.) 35Ordering the crowd to sit down on the ground. 5… less people … 4000 vs. The freethinkers of their day. and supplement rather than contradict each other. they had left over 12 baskets full. Then he broke them in pieces and kept giving them to his disciples. they had been with them for 3 days. then He steps in and does what they can't. “How many loaves of bread do you have?” They said. In this case. Twelve is the number of government of Israel. he got into a boat and went to the region of Magadan.” (Careless or critical readers.) 37All of them ate until they were filled. The first feeding had emphasized. the Sadducees were the unitarians. “I have compassion for the crowd because they have already been with me for three days and have nothing to eat. (The Pharisees with the Sadducees— strange combination because the Pharisees were the extreme religionists. the number 3 suggests the resurrection or new beginning. The word basket here in the Greek is a large hamper. In the first case. 39After he sent the crowds away. and the two fishes—the number of witness.
yet you can‟t interpret the signs of the times? (―signs of the times‖: The signs of the end.000 plus and had twelve baskets of food left. So He reviewed the two miraculous feedings with them. ―Little is much if God is in it. “We didn‟t bring along any bread. ―Don't go to those Jewish leaders for food supplies!‖ Their preoccupation with food caused them to look for a literal. cloudy and storming. to know what time it is on God‘s clock.000 plus and had left over only seven basketfuls. what a delight! 3Red sky in the morning.) . The lesson that emerged concerned divine arithmetic and divine resourcefulness.” (They thought He was saying.000 and the 4. 10or the seven loaves for the 4. but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. If we put our limited resources at His disposal. and eternal punishment. ) The Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees (Mark 8:14-21) 5When his disciples reached the other side.) 2He replied to them. The seven baskets in this incident are considered to have been larger than the twelve on the previous occasion. but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.) 4An evil and adulterous generation craves a sign. and the more food there was left over. they had forgotten to take any bread along. (Second time that Jesus has used the prophet Jonah as a ―sign of the times‖.000 and how many baskets you collected? (They were still worrying about a food shortage in spite of the fact that He who fed the 5.000 and how many baskets you collected. for the less Jesus had to work with.Matthew body.000 was with them.‟ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky. why are you discussing among yourselves the fact that you don‟t have any bread? (… and concluding among yourselves that I‘m concerned about the same thing? Jesus realizes that they are misunderstanding the whole thing. they kept saying. “You who have little faith. the immortality of the soul. He fed only 4. (Why is this here? Partly to alert you as to what yeast really means back in Matthew 13. “Watch out! Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 7As they began to discuss this among themselves. He can multiply them in inverse proportion to their amount. “You say. When there were only five loaves and two fish. 6Jesus told them. He fed 5. „Red sky at night.000.) 9Don‟t you understand yet? Don‟t you remember the five loaves for the 5.‖ A different word is used for baskets here than in the feeding of the 5. the more He fed.) 8Knowing this. natural explanation where a spiritual lesson was intended. Jesus asked them. See Mat 12:38-41.” Then he left them and went away. With more loaves and fish. But the underlying lesson remains: Why worry about hunger and want when we are linked with One who has infinite power and resources?) 11How can you fail to understand that I wasn‟t talking to you about bread? Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 12Then they understood that he did not say to beware of the yeast used in bread.
and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.6. Who is the Rock? 1 Cor 3:11.” (Elijah was prophesied in Mal 4:5. Don‘t see it as your job to convince a Muslim. Further.) 15He asked them. located at the foot of Mt. that which is hewn out of a rock.) 17Then Jesus told him. they reported them. The true Church is again pitted against demonical-energized forces in the world as the age draws to a close. and it is on this rock that I will build my congregation. “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” (Caesarea Philippi. If we trace the figurative use of the word rock through Hebrew Scriptures. all three reports note that Peter confessed that Jesus is ―the Christ of God. but . and the powers of hell will not conquer it. thought he might fulfill Isa 53:7. whenever there are multiple reports. Moses prophesied to return. Petra: the rock out of which a stone is hewn. (Son of Jonah or Son of the Dove.Matthew Peter Declares His Faith in Jesus (Mark 8:27-30. “How blessed you are. Remember. Christ prophesied that the Church would attack the ―Gates of Hades‖.) 14They said. the Son of the living God!” (―Christ‖ is Greek for Messiah in Hebrew. Our part is to share the simple message of the gospel. Luke 9:20. Dionysus. their reports were in accordance with journalistic standards of the day and even today for that matter. “You are the Messiah. (―Peter‖: Gr. though my Father in heaven has. Hermon. “But who do you say I am?” 16Simon Peter answered. The city was a symbol of the might and splendour of the Roman Empire. He was talking to Jews. ―On this rock‖: Gr. Simon son of Jonah. they all give the essence of what was said. he asked his disciples. a stone. Petros: Part of a rock. Up the valley from here stood a vast triad of GraecoRoman temples dedicated to Jupiter. What is important to notice is that the Gospel writers never created these sayings. we find that it is never used symbolically of man. 1 Pet 2:4-7. Also. others Elijah. That‘s the Father‘s job. Deut 18:18. Mormon. opened up in the rock facing of the mountain from which flowed one of the sources of the Jordan River. Peter may have said exactly what Matthew reported. For example. “Some say John the Baptist. Here a huge cave. Beside it was a gleaming white temple dedicated to Augustus Caesar. the anointed one.‖ Sometimes. Why does Peter‘s confession here differ from that recorded in Mark and Luke? Cf Mark 8:29. Dove is a symbol of the Holy Spirit. V18. within a century the Christian Great News had essentially turned ―the world upside down‖ or should we rather say ―rightside up‖ thruout the heathen world in spite of fierce imperial persecutions. In this setting. Pun between Peter the stone and Petra the rock. or other unbeliever that Jesus is God. giving what may have been the word-for-word original statement of Peter.) 18I tell you that you are Peter. 1 Cor 10:4. regarded by the Greeks as the ―Gate of Hades‖. Indeed. For example. all the reports can be put together as a whole. Luke 9:18-21) 13When Jesus had come to the region of Caesarea Philippi. The setting could hardly be more dramatic. since flesh and blood has not revealed this to you. Eph 2:20. and the others may have reported the important parts of Peter‘s confession. Jeremiah: Jer 11:19. and Venus. rather.
Luke 9:21-27) 21From that time on. So the Lord broke the news to prepared hearts. the Son of the living God. 25.‖ But when the work of the Church is finished. such alone will shake the gates of hell and set up the kingdom of God upon earth.) 19I will give you the keys to the kingdom from heaven.‖ Peter was not infallible. They now knew that His cause could never fail. He simply meant that Peter's actions and words were what could be expected . because you are not thinking God‟s thoughts but human thoughts!” (In calling Peter Satan. 8:24. it is not upon Peter that the Church is built. and powerfully attack to bring about its downfall.Matthew always of God. the gates of Hades. and I care not a straw whether they be clergymen or laymen.) 23But Jesus turned and told Peter.” (Were these given only to Peter? No. (Now that the disciples had realized that Jesus is the Messiah. ―Upon God Himself —Christ. the high priests. So here at Caesarea Philippi. Christ will return and powerfully defeat the forces of Hell. given to all disciples in Mat 18:18. Christ will allow the Antichrist to finally overpower them. Mat 24:9.) Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection (Mark 8:31-9:1. Lord! This must never happen to you!” (Peter was indignant at the thought of his Master's enduring such treatment. they were ready to hear His first direct prediction of His death and resurrection. ―Powers of hell‖: Lit. Daniel 7:20-22. a reference to the realm of the dead. Then he would be killed. But just when Antichrist thinks everything is going his way. 12:7. Jesus did not imply that the apostle was demon-possessed or Satancontrolled. Paul in Gal 2:11-16 has to dress him down.) 22Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. 11:32-35. the stamp of God is upon their deeds. “God be merciful to you. the Son of the living God—I will build my church. Satan! You are an offense to me. but on the third day he would be raised.‖ A good modern paraphrase of Christ‘s words here could be. (Why to keep a secret? His time had not yet come. He took up their old Hebrew illustration — rock. Whenever the Church acts in the name of the Lord and really does His will. Jesus did not trifle with figures of speech. Rev 13:7. ―No matter how brilliantly the forces of Hell conspire and plot. and set up His eternal Kingdom. that they were on the winning side. and whatever you permit on earth will have been permitted in heaven. saying. Whatever you prohibit on earth will have been prohibited in heaven. John Wesley said: ―Give me one hundred preachers who fear nothing but sin and desire nothing but God. always the symbol of Deity—and said.) 20Then he strictly ordered the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah. and the scribes. “Get behind me. Meaning the gates of Hell do not have power to stand against the powerful offensive march of Christ‘s triumphant Church. Jesus began to show his disciples that he would have to go to Jerusalem and suffer a great deal because of the elders. that no matter what happened. Idea of Peter being the first pope is not Biblical. they will never succeed in overpowering it in its powerful forward march. triumph was assured.
not counting the cost. in order to get free and escape to Heaven? But then it will be too late! In Hell there will be no possible way out.Matthew of Satan. He will give them glory. Act now. The enemy will try to discourage you. Give yourself to Him now! You cannot be sure you‘ll be here tomorrow. See Phil 2:13. honor and eternal happiness in Heaven. those who recklessly abandon their lives to Him. and His forgiveness.) 28I tell all of you with certainty. self. would find the reason for their existence. The only way to have a successful life is to project oneself forward to that glorious time. Look at it this way: If you die tonight. would never find fulfillment. it means to yield to His control so completely that self has no rights whatever. for so brief a time – that could end tonight. and instead.) 25Whoever wants to save his life will lose it. to die to sin. and where you least expect it. he must deny himself. See Isaiah 50:7. and follow me continuously. ―pick up his cross‖: means the willingness to endure shame. be sure you set your face like a ―flint‖ to do so. And when you do. and the world. He will reward those who have taken these words to heart and obeyed them. or loss. serve. before it‘s forever too late. even if you‘d be willing to serve God as a slave for all eternity. And He will judge us according to how we have obeyed His warnings and commands in verses 24-26. Today is your day to decide for God and be saved! Then in Heaven you will live for all eternity as one of God‘s glorified children. to save oneself from discomfort. pleasures. to be a Christian. decide what will really be important then. and then go after that with all one's strength.) 24Then Jesus told his disciples. remember. but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. See 1 Cor 2:9 and Psalm 16:11. loneliness. obey. lost and suddenly find yourself suffering extreme pain and anguish in Hell. and take a firm stand for God. sincerely worship. and total fulfilment of such magnitude that it cannot even be imagined by the present human mind. pain. No plea of church membership or of service rendered can take the place of obedience to any of Christ‘s commands. Heb 5:9. (―Wants to follow me‖: That is.) 27The Son of Man is going to come with his angels in his Father‟s glory. when all is yours for all eternity if you will turn from your rebellion and sin. and turn to God and accept His rightful lordship of your life. suffering. whose name means adversary. some people standing here . ―deny himself‖: is not the same as selfdenial. and utterly die to all your sinning by refusing any longer to satisfy the appetites of your body and mind in a wrong way. “If anyone wants to follow me. and then he will repay everyone according to what he has done. God will help you all the way. A flint is a very hard stone that produces sparks when struck. how much will you then be desperately willing to give of yourself to God. pick up his cross. If you are going to do something in the area of evangelism. (Jesus warned that those who hug their lives for selfish purposes. and perhaps martyrdom for His sake. But you do have the present moment. But those who have ignored His warnings and commands will be sent to Hell as their reward. That‘s what Peter found when he tried to deter Jesus from doing God‘s will. 2 Pet 1:10. (Jesus is saying here that He is the Judge who will come. you will not be on your own. enjoying riches.) 26because what profit will a person have if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what can a person give in exchange for his life? (And you‘re willing to settle for so little of it.
whom I love. Cf Luke 4:25. Elijah did not die.Matthew will not experience death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom. “Lord. A voice from the cloud said. Seen on Mount Sinai. James and John who were standing there are going to have a unique experience. They are discussing the redemption. Luke 9:28-36) 1Six days later. they are by no means equal. I‟ll set up three shelters —one for you. his face shone like the sun. Most scholars suspect it might be Mount Hermon. he was translated).) 5He was still speaking when a bright cloud suddenly overshadowed them. The Law came by Moses. talking with Jesus. 4Then Peter told Jesus. it glowed. (His appearance was changed. but we don‘t know for sure. the Prophet Elijah was an uniquely empowered prophet.” (This verse really belongs in Chapter 17.6. Cf Ps 19:5. (Why Moses and Elijah? Luke 9:27. What we are seeing is not only the glory of Jesus Christ. His clothes became white as light. but wrong in not giving Him the pre-eminence. he had a real sense of history. Other prophets were powerful in their writings but. Mt 17! Peter. James 5:17. as while there are three personages here on the hill. specifically His departure from Jerusalem.” (Peter was deeply moved by the occasion. What does it all mean? See 2 Pet 1:16-20.) 3Suddenly. but also a staff meeting. The cloud that followed them by day and the pillar of fire at night in the wilderness wanderings. Here it sets Peter straight. and one for Elijah. ―In his kingdom‖: The answer is before us. It is the presence of the glory of God that inhabits the Holy of Holies of the Temple. Luke mentions that this happens while He is praying. Moses and Elijah appeared to them. one for Moses. James and John: The inner circle. it‟s good that we‟re here! If you want. “This is my Son. See Acts 1:9. Jesus is not one among equals but Lord over all. Some teach that this means that the Kingdom of God would come during the disciples‘ lifetime. Matthew notes that He was bright as the Sun. James. Elijah called down fire from heaven. Very reminiscent of the Baptism. I am pleased with him. He was right in putting Jesus first. This cloud that overshadows Him here. and his clothes became as white as light. ―bright cloud‖: The Shekinah Glory. Peter here alerts you to the . Keep on listening to him!” (We likewise must keep on listening to Him. ultimately takes Him up in the ascension. Jesus took Peter. ―High mountain‖: Tradition says it was Tabor. and his brother John and led them up a high mountain by themselves. but probably not because it was inhabited at that time.) 2His appearance was changed in front of them.) Matthew 17 Jesus’ Appearance is Changed (Mark 9:2-13. Another distinction between them that is provocative—Moses died! In Moses we can typify the dead in Christ that are saved. (Peter. It didn‘t. shut the rain off for 3 ½ years! Mentioned by our Lord and his brother James. Two suggestions: These two men characterize two different things: The Law and The Prophets. ―Voice‖ is an authentication.
6. (Life is not all a mountain-top experience. They rejected the forerunner. In the same way.) 11He answered them. “Don‟t tell anyone about this vision until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead. “Elijah is indeed coming and will restore all things. the cruelest .) 6When the disciples heard this. (John's death was an advance token of what they would do to the Son of Man. He was a classic example of the suffering caused by Satan. 4. 7But Jesus came up to them and touched them. and Elijah is to come before You? Malachi 4:5 -6. would have welcomed Him to save them from Rome.Elijah: 1 Kgs 18:37.6 .) 12But I tell you that Elijah has already come. and to a proper understanding about the Messiah. But the Scripture is clear that Elijah will return in person shortly before God judges the earth and therefore he may be one of the two witnesses of Revelation 11:1-14. and it was useless to tell the Jews of this vision of Messianic glory.) Jesus Heals a Boy with a Demon (Mark 9:14-29. Messiah: Mal 3:1-3. 2 Kgs 1:10. they fell on their faces and were terrified.” 8When they raised their eyes. Who are these two witnesses? Three different people were prophesied to come: 1. saying. because he is an epileptic and suffers terribly. 9On their way down the mountain. 1 Kgs 17:1.) 10So the disciples asked him. “Why. “Get up. do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?” (… if You are the Messiah. (His ministry will be to restore people to faith in God and to obedience to Him.” (The Jews. After moments of spiritual exhilaration come hours and days of toil and expenditure. Two ministries unfinished: 1. they would also reject the King. and stop being afraid. then. 2 Kgs 2:11.Moses: Ex 7:19. Plagues Moses: Ex 8-12. (His misery was compounded by burns and near-drownings. Jer 5:14. a man came up to Jesus. 19:13-16. they saw no one but Jesus all by himself. 2. Luke 1:17.” (John the Baptist came in the spirit of Elijah. The time comes when we must leave the mountain to minister in the valley of human need. Given 4 powers: 1. Lk 4:25. 5.last words in OT. 2. Elijah: 1 Kgs 17:1.) 13Then the disciples understood that he had been speaking to them about John the Baptist. the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands. Fire from heaven . For all practical purposes. Israel had rejected her Messiah.12. Moses: Deut 18:15-19. Deut 3:16-28. Jas 5:17. Jesus ordered them. Water to blood . Often he falls into fire and often into water. After the resurrection. yet people did not recognize him and treated him just as they pleased. “Sir. the message would be proclaimed worldwide. Luke 9:37-42) 14As they approached the crowd. have mercy on my son. 3. 2. knelt down in front of him. but also His Second Coming.Elijah. Power to shut the heaven that it rain not . Elijah: Mal 4:5. Moses: Num 20:12. 3.Matthew fact that there is something about Matt 17 that has not only to do with the glory of Jesus Christ. overanxious for anyone who might liberate them from the Roman yoke.) 15and said. but did not want Him as a Savior from sin.
‖ They had been powerless to cure.) Jesus Again Predicts His Death and Resurrection (Mark 9:30-32. continuous action. “Because of your lack of faith. for example Jarius‘ daughter. I tell all of you with certainty. Hudson Taylor said: ―The prayer power has never been tried to its full capacity.” Then they were filled with grief. Pray and fasting. They could not make their witness effective here due to unbelief. which you do not know‘ Jeremiah 33:3. self-denial. „Move from here to there. It is a necessary but not sufficient solution.” (The father had gone to the disciples for help. The capacity of them to serve God was constrained by their unbelief. were a cross section of the Jewish people of that day—faithless and perverse. you can say to this mountain.) 18Then Jesus rebuked the demon and it came out of him. (If He had not . Was his faith lacking? The Lord may choose not to heal someone. Paul the apostle was not healed of his affliction. They did not have the faith to heal the epileptic. the Christian can have utmost confidence that mountainous difficulties will be miraculously removed. three times he prayed for healing. and show you great and mighty things. and nothing will be impossible for you. If we want to see mighty works of Divine power and grace wrought in the place of weakness. “The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into human hands. But if God guides a believer in a certain direction or issues a command. if you have faith like a grain of mustard seed. Jesus told them. Don‘t jump to the conclusion that a Christian is ill due to their lack of faith! That would be a misapplication. Your faith is not an inhibitor to the Lord causing someone to be healed. but in that respect. The Lord makes it clear that they should have been able to heal the child.‟ and it will move. 19Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and asked.” (The lesson here is very straightforward.) 16I brought him to your disciples. Expecting to perform some spectacular stunt in order to gratify a personal whim is not faith but presumption. The Lord healed people who were dead. ‗Call to me. failure and disappointment. it should be understood that true faith must be based upon some command or promise of God. but he will be raised on the third day. 23They will kill him. “Why couldn‟t we drive it out?” 20He told them. let us answer God‘s standing challenge. The Lord may have some other purpose in mind. That doesn‘t mean that your lack of faith might be an impediment to His healing you.) 17Jesus replied. only to learn that ―vain is the help of man. Luke 9:43-45) 22While they were gathering together in Galilee. Nothing is impossible to those who believe. not someone‘s faith. but they couldn‟t heal him. Of course.Matthew of all taskmasters. “You unbelieving and perverted generation! How long must I be with you? How long must I put up with you? Bring him here to me!” (Addressed to the disciples.‖) 21But this kind does not come out except by prayer and fasting. but His not healing you is not a proof that you lack the faith. and the boy was healed that very hour. Lazarus. It is the power of Jesus Christ that heals. (―have faith‖: Present tense. and I will answer you.
the Son of God. Simon? From whom do kings on the earth collect tolls or tributes? From their own subjects. to pay tribute for the support of this temple would be equivalent to paying tribute to Himself. It was a matter of moral indifference to Him. and you will find a coin. that have the characteristic that they pick up bright things off the bottom and carry them in the mouth. Other scholars believe this money was to be raised from the strangers not the locals. “In that case. so that we don‟t offend them. All that registered in their minds at the time was that He would be killed.) Questions about the Temple Tax 24When they came to Capernaum.) 27However. they now call this fish ―St. When Peter came home. but he didn't tax his own family. A ruler taxed his subjects for the support of his kingdom and his family. And he knew it would be the first fish Peter would catch. the subjects are exempt. Locally. The question must be understood in the light of those days. He clearly was not subject to this tax. This astounding miracle. Ex 30 talks of ransom money for the soul. Peter without checking says of course he does. Peter‘s Fish. Some scholars believe that this is a tribute for the Temple. “Your teacher pays the temple tax. The firstborn of every household had to be redeemed. including the ruler and his household. go to the sea and throw in a hook. narrated with utmost restraint.) 26“From foreigners.” (There is a species of fish. they were greatly distressed that He was going to leave them and that He would be slain. (Jesus is saying that they are not subject to this tax. For Jesus. Take it and give it to them for me and you. A death of shame and suffering was not consistent with their expectations of the Messiah.‖ Jesus used the fish as a method to demonstrate to Peter that He was the Lord of Creation. open its mouth. As it was. Under our form of government. They heard His passion prediction but seemed to have missed His resurrection promise. He knew which one of all the fish in the Sea of Galilee had a coin in its mouth. Take the first fish that comes up. If any divine principle had been involved. and He was willing to pay rather than offend. doesn‟t he?” (Peter is alone. they would doubt less have been completely disillusioned when it happened. clearly demonstrates Christ's omniscience.) 25He answered. Jesus spoke to him first and asked him. Jesus would not have made the payment. He knew the location of that one fish. or from foreigners?” (Here we see the omniscience of the Lord. Questionable whether these are linked. “Yes. So Jesus told him. Jesus spoke to him first—before Peter had a chance to tell what had happened. everyone is taxed. “What do you think. the collectors of the temple tax came up to Peter and asked.Matthew told them of His death in advance.” he replied.” When Peter went home.) Matthew 18 True Greatness . The point was that the temple was God's house. indigenous to the Sea of Galilee.
tear it out and throw it away. There can be no question that the resurrection body will be complete and perfect. is the greatest in the kingdom from heaven?” (It doesn‘t take a lot of insight to figure that the disciples seem to be on some kind of ego trip. or as you want to believe it? Consider the consequences!) 7How terrible it will be for the world due to its temptations to sin! Temptations to sin are bound to happen. unless you change and become like little children. It cannot be degrading to think of ourselves as we really are. or a haughty attitude. (―like little children‖: simplicity. Our whole mode of thinking must be reversed.‖ . Are you preaching and teaching the truth as God‘s message reveals the truth. Luke 17:1-2) 6“If anyone causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin. unquestioning. whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom from heaven. “I tell all of you with certainty. This is a frightful warning for anyone who would tempt someone to sin. It is better for you to enter life injured or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into eternal fire.) 3Then he said. is foolish. cut it off and throw it away. innocence. But if a person becomes an agent for the forces of evil. but merely describes the physical condition at the time a believer leaves this life for the next. But haughty pride. and easily led.Matthew (Mark 9:33-37. we must think Christ's thoughts after Him. and the devil are leagued to seduce and pervert. (Obviously the standards and values in the kingdom are exactly opposite those in the world. the flesh.) Causing Others to Sin (Mark 9:42-48. it would be better for him if a large millstone were hung around his neck and he were drowned at the bottom of the sea.) 8“So if your hand or your foot causes you to sin. as mere beginners. (Our Lord does not imply that some bodies will lack limbs in heaven.” (What is done for the disciple is reckoned as done for the Master. yielding like a little child. It is better for you to enter life with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell fire. We must regard ourselves as God regards us. The little ones here applies especially to Christians who are children in the faith. Luke 9:46-48) 1At that time the disciples came to Jesus and asked. and degrading. but how terrible it will be for that person who causes someone to sin! (The world. you will never get into the kingdom from heaven.… without selfish ambition.) 4Therefore. then. or any attempt to be thought of as more important than we really are. acceptance. There are those who say ―My God would never create hell.) 2Calling a little child forward. his guilt will be great. 5and whoever receives a little child like this in my name receives me. 9And if your eye causes you to sin. wicked. See Phil 2:5-8). pride. (… before he had a chance to commit such a dastardly act. he had him stand among them. “Who. (Notice the patience that Jesus has.
The trouble is that we don't do this. at least for the kids. However. Gal 6:1. We gossip to everyone else about it. If the offender acknowledges his guilt. Step number one: the matter should be handled privately between the two parties. (Explicit instructions are given concerning the Christian's responsibility when wronged by another believer.‖ and it‘s the oldest sin in the Book. Spiritually – Be most careful that you don‘t despise anyone who has become humble and childlike in their life and attitude towards God. Then the matter spreads like wildfire and strife is multiplied.Matthew Those who say that are right: their ―god‖ would never create hell. a god they have created to suit themselves.) Dealing with a Brother who Sins (Luke 17:3) 15“If your brother sins against you. shouldn‘t it be a major priority for you? The real question is. could and did create hell for those who reject His mercy. He doesn‘t exist. reconciliation is achieved. 2 Sam 12:23. They will reap His just wrath. (The point is that the one which was lost was received with joy upon its return. nothing in theology is free of controversy. The one true God. I tell all of you with certainty that he rejoices over it more than over the 99 that haven‟t strayed. thank the Lord!) 11For the Son of Man came to save the lost. Lev 19:17. you have won back your brother. their angels in heaven always have access to my Father in heaven. however. It‘s called ―idolatry. because he couldn‘t. (… telling Him how those under their guardianship are being treated.” (If it is of the utmost importance for Jesus to reach the lost. what are you doing of significance today that will matter 300 million plus years from now?) The Parable about the Faithful Shepherd (Luke 15:1-7) 12“What do you think? If a man has 100 sheep and one of them strays. only the saved have guardian angels? Don‘t pray to them.) 10“See to it that you do not despise one of these little ones. as Word-Faith teachers argue? They argue . doesn‟t he? 13If he finds it. he leaves the 99 in the hills and goes to look for the one that has strayed.) 14In the same way.” (Are small children saved if they die before the age of accountability? One can build a strong Biblical case supporting this idea. nor thank them. Biblical support for the concept of guardian angels. go and confront him while the two of you are alone. Idolaters will not inherit the kingdom of God. The Shepherd's joy over finding a straying sheep should teach us to value and respect His little ones. it is not the will of your Father in heaven that one of these little ones should be lost. because I tell you. Heb 1:14. If he listens to you. Rom 7:9 … scholars generally believe that Paul is referring to his childhood before the age of accountability. Does this passage prohibit public criticism of a pastor‘s or teacher‘s doctrine. He is a figment of their imagination.
Until that point is reached. not a civil court. etc. and whatever you permit on earth will have been permitted in heaven. seeking his restoration. it must be taken in light of all other teaching on prayer.” (Ancient rabbinical . 1 Tim 1:20. our prayers must be: 1. James 1:6-8. regard him as an unbeliever and a tax collector. No one can measure the trouble that has plagued the church through failure to obey the simple rule that a charge against another person must be supported by the testimony of two or three others. This emphasizes the mounting seriousness of his continued unbrokenness. that action is honored in heaven. whatever you prohibit on earth will have been prohibited in heaven. Without a commitment to the truth. When used in connection with collective prayer in general. I am there among them. Cf. Heb 10:22. not with biblical doctrine. or a radio show—is to be confronted publicly according to the New Testament pattern.) 19Furthermore. If a Christian does something unethical or he sins. In this respect. (The word ―agree‖ is ―symphonize. worldly courts often act more righteously than Christian churches or assemblies.Matthew that even if the doctrine is clearly false. Cf Gal 2:11-14. When an assembly. it will be done for you by my Father in heaven. Though Word-Faith teachers often cite Matthew 18 in an effort to maintain church unity in an atmosphere of love. Cf 1 Cor 6:1-8. their conqueror. 3. 1 John 5:14-15. 2.‟ (If the guilty brother does not listen. he ignores them. This passage deals with personal ethics and morals. in the context it refers to prayer concerning church discipline. See Mat 16:19.) 17If. The assembly should be prompt to receive him back as soon as there is evidence of godly repentance. believers should treat him courteously but should also show by their attitude that they do not condone his sin and cannot have fellowship with him as a fellow believer. a television show. (Verse 18 is linked with what precedes. he should first be contacted privately about the matter. there can be no true church unity.) 16But if he doesn‟t listen. then the wronged one should take one or two others with him. It is important to notice that the local assembly is the body responsible to hear the case. tell it to the congregation. prayerfully and in obedience to the Word. False doctrine that is publicly proclaimed from a platform—such as from a pulpit.) 20because where two or three have come together in my name. For instance. The purpose of this is to bring him to his senses and cause him to confess his sin. binds disciplinary action upon a person. take one or two others with you so that „every word may be confirmed by the testimony of two or three witnesses.‖ While verse 19 may be used as a general promise of answers to prayer. however. the pastor should not be criticized publicly but rather should be contacted privately about the matter. (Put out of the fellowship.) 18“I tell all of you with certainty. In faith. If he also ignores the congregation. and the pastor is teaching it publicly from the pulpit or on television. Deut 19:15. In sincerity. 2 Tim 4:14. ―tax collector‖: These were Jews who collected taxes from Jews for Rome. In conformity to the revealed will of God. I tell all of you with certainty that if two of you agree on earth about anything you request. 3 John 9. it is important to understand that true church unity is rooted not only in love but in truth. Our judgments must always agree with what God‘s message to us already reveals as truth. The Christian is forbidden to go to law against another believer.
). 26Then the servant fell down and bowed low before him. he made this point well. and in obedience to His Word. Potiphar's wife and the chief cupbearer. Cf Num. 18:11. His presence would be limited to a small segment of His body on earth. and I will repay you everything!‟ . the seventh to rest. 25Because he couldn‟t pay. He forgave them for 70 X 7 times and then called what was due. „Be patient with me. To meet ―in His name‖ means by His authority. David by King Saul who personally tried to kill him more than once. One of the prerequisites for forgiveness is repentance on the part of the person who is to be forgiven. if that were so. The Sabbath for the land was six years to cultivate. but nonetheless. This is very basic. “Lord. Without exception. 19:10.000 talents = $12 million). even if they are saved.000 talents was brought to him. Cf Gen. if you stay around people. if you are alive in this world for five minutes. Esther 3:9. Moses by his brother and sister.) The Parable about an Unforgiving Servant 21Then Peter came up and asked him. but 70 times 7! (Luke 17:3-4. Jesus never suggested that some of His disciples would not be sinned against in this world. his wife. The underlying idea is that we should forgive as God has forgiven us. his children. a talent was worth a lifetime of wages for an average laborer. in acknowledgment of all that He is. how many times may my brother sin against me and I have to forgive him? Seven times?” (He probably thought he was showing unusual grace by suggesting seven as an outside limit. Furthermore. 10. 37-50. No group can claim to be the only ones who meet in His name. a person who owed him 10. 23“That is why the kingdom from heaven may be compared to a king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants. his master ordered him. Since they failed to keep the Sabbath of the land for 490 years. Cf Eph 4:32. not just seven times. Forgiveness. There is no avoiding being mistreated by others. 24When he had begun to settle the accounts. and everything that he owned to be sold so that payment could be made. if you continue to live much longer. 12:1-13.‖ 2 Chr 36:21. you have already been stabbed in the back by someone! Though this is an exaggeration. you'll soon be sinned against again! This age is rampant with this kind of thing. an important point to stress. You are not the only one who has been "stabbed in the back" by others who should never have treated you badly! A preacher once made this point well by saying. Cf.) 22Jesus told him. “I tell you. Forgiveness is always based on the repentance of the offender. the Lord said you owe me 70 and sent them into captivity in Babylon. Cf 1 Sam.000 talents is the price paid in silver by Haman to King Ahasuerus as a bribe to annihilate the Jews.Matthew teaching noted that where two or three are sitting in judgment. For 490 years Israel failed to keep the Sabbath year of the land. Col 3:13. Many godly people were unjustly sinned against: Joseph by his own brothers. the Shekinah is in the midst of them. saying. on four occasions of Israel‘s history she is forgiven 490 times and then comes ―the axe. (10. everyone alive today has been sinned against multiple times. ―70 times 7‖: Jesus‘ way of saying a lot more than seven? Yet.
but refused to forgive the man who owed him a mere "hundred denarii. and said. 100 denari = $17. 32Then his master sent for him and told him.) Matthew 19 Teaching about Divorce (Mark 10:1-12) 1When Jesus had finished saying these things. and also to emphasize an immense debt to God. just as I had mercy on you?‟ 34In anger his master handed him over to the jailers until he could repay the entire debt. Is there a debt of some kind that you also need to forgive? Consider all that God has forgiven you. they were very disturbed and went and reported to their master everything that had occurred. (A difficult business at best.Matthew (Like many debtors. he left Galilee and went to the territory of Judea on the other side of the Jordan.) 28“But when that servant went away. The basic issue is if you have been forgiven much." That is about a 700. seized him by the throat. our mountainous sin debt that was forgiven is likened to "ten thousand talents.000 to 1 ratio between these two values! In other words.” (See Mat 6:14. (The man who received personal forgiveness. he was incredibly optimistic about what he could do if only he had time. What will God‘s judgment be in this regard concerning you? Make that call. now. 33Shouldn‟t you have had mercy on your fellow servant. 35This is how my heavenly Father will treat each one of you unless you forgive your brother from your hearts. (It was an epic display of grace. He grabbed him. than people do when they sin against us!) 29Then his fellow servant fell down and began begging him. or write. Just forgiven $12 million dollars! At the point of our salvation. It is to shock the listeners and so capture their attention. since his chance of earning money was gone as long as he was imprisoned.) 31“When his fellow servants saw what had happened. we offended God 700. Luke 17:3-4. not justice. it is likened unto only "a hundred denarii. Martin Luther used to say that we are all beggars before Him. canceling his debt. Mark 11:2526.000! The detail about the vast amount is intentional." was labeled an "evil servant"! This same description is used in Matthew 25:26 and there we learn that such people will be thrown into the darkness where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth! See Matthew 25:30). „Pay what you owe!‟ (The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii. Galilee's total revenue only amounted to 300 talents and this man owed 10. 27The master of that servant had compassion and released him." When someone sins against us.000 times more severely over the years by sinning against Him. „Be patient with me and I will repay you!‟ 30But he refused and had him thrown into prison until he could repay the debt. 2Large crowds followed . He is expecting you to forgive those with trespasses against you. We cannot hope to pay). „You evil servant! I canceled that entire debt for you because you begged me.
Why? Because God made Adam and Eve. Jesus confirmed that the creation of Adam and Eve was a real historical event when He quoted Genesis 1:27 and 2:24 in His teaching. Quoted 2x by Jesus and 2x by Paul. and the female needs the male to reproduce. etc.any reason.only adultery.. but one flesh." he said. bigamy. They asked. all design. fish. He spoke about the Biblical references to substantiate his case. birds.. This was a dispute among the sects of the Pharisees." one of the students said. The concept of cleaving also involves the concept of leaving mother and father. "What God has joined together. Gen 1:27. man must never separate. There is no doubt that the acceptance of homosexual behavior is on the rise in Western culture. not Adam and Steve! God made one man and one woman. He would infuriate some segment of the Jews. "Now let's suppose. 3Some Pharisees came to him in order to test him. "that you saw a bad person cutting off the tail of a cat. monkeys. The married couple are to cleave unto each other just as if they had no parents. how did the male of each species reproduce without females? How is it possible that a male and a female each spontaneously came into being.) 6So they are no longer two. moths. and he healed them there. God‘s intended plan was two by two. the more people reject the Book of Genesis and the rest of the Bible as God‘s authoritative Word. Just like Adam and Eve who had no parents. dogs. purpose. why and how would they have developed a reproductive system that requires both sexes in order for the species to survive? Cf. they began to close in. „That is why a man will leave his father and mother and be united with his wife. I would point out to him. humans. However. Almost all forms of complex life have both male and female—horses. No polygamy. and the two will become one flesh‟? (Quoted from Gen 2:24. No matter how He answered. 5:2) 5and said. The male needs the female to reproduce. hoping to trap Him by His words.” (Jesus said that marriage is a union of persons. This goes hand in hand with the increasing acceptance of evolutionary teaching and its consequence of the undermining of the authority of the Bible. what God has joined together.) 4He answered them. We know it is to be a heterosexual relationship ONLY. What Biblical quotation would you use to tell him of the terrible wrong he was doing?" "Sir. Which then came first according to the evolutionary theory? If a male came into being before a female. singular. Therefore.Matthew him. That is the only basis for marriage and that is also why we know that homosexual behavior is evil. complementary reproductive systems? If each sex was able to reproduce without the other. One cannot carry on life without the other. like bad cooking! Shammai . yet they have complex. “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?” (There were two schools of thought: Hillel . Man and wife. “Haven‟t you read that the one who made them at the beginning „made them male and female‟ (No evolution here. The marriage relationship should supersede the parental relationship. man must . then the more we would expect to see people rejecting God‘s foundation for marriage. Like a pack of wild dogs. Genesis is quoted more than sixty times in seventeen books of the New Testament. God's ideal is that this divinely ordained union should not be broken by human act or decree. a perverse and unnatural deviancy. elephants. A minister was talking to a children's Sunday School class about kindness to animals.
never separate.‖) 7They asked him, “Why, then, did Moses order us „to give a certificate of divorce and divorce her‟?” (Misquote. Moses did not command, Moses allowed. Cf. Deut 24:1, 3. What about Moses? They wanted to find some loophole. Just like some people are doing today. You tell me, who are the Pharisees? Jesus authenticates that Deuteronomy is written by Moses!) 8He told them, “It was because of your hardness of heart that Moses allowed you to divorce your wives. But from the beginning it was not this way. (Moses allowed it. But Jesus makes it clear that from the beginning divorce was not God‘s idea. If our hearts have been truly transformed by the Spirit of God, then hardness of heart is no longer an issue. God says bluntly, "I HATE DIVORCE‖. Cf Malachi 2:16. Who amongst us, except the hard hearted, would choose to do or condone what God hates? It seems that this is just one more area in which the church has become ashamed of the words of Jesus, no longer confessing him before men.‖) 9I tell you that whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.” (―Sexual immorality‖: literally fornication. Matthew was written with a Jewish audience in mind where only the man had the right to divorce and remarry during the betrothal period. Adultery has never been grounds for divorce. In the Old Testament the command was to stone the adulterers. Cf Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:23. Matthew 19:9 is not an exception but a clarification that would allow remarriage because of fornication/sexual immorality during the betrothal period under the law of Moses. Matthew's audience was Jewish; if I went to another country, I would want to speak in such a way that they would understand so it makes sense to them based on their culture and practices. Mark records the same scene with the Pharisees in chapter 10 but Mark‘s audience was Romans who did not practice a betrothal period, so it would be irrelevant to hear him say anything about the betrothal period to that audience of people. See Matt 5:32, Matt. 19:9, John 8:41, Matt. 1:18-19. All of these passages discuss the Betrothal or Espousal period. The Jews, to whom Matthew was writing, understood the Betrothal period. So, we believe that Jesus gave no exception but clarification for adultery. Also, many scholars believe the books of Mark and 1 Corinthians were written before Matthew. If that is the case, the first generation of Christians never knew of a so – called exception clause for fornication that some people claim that is found in Matthew 19:9. Mark and Matthew both say that once God has joined a marriage, men may not separate it. See verse 6. This means that the exception cannot not refer to any ground that might arise AFTER God has bound the two into one. Since ADULTERY is a sin which takes place AFTER God has joined a marriage, it cannot be included in the exception. If that is so, then the sexual sin encompassed by the exception, must refer to something which arises BEFORE a "marriage" is joined by God. We are not left without a "case history" which will help us to understand the exception. It is significant that the only Gospel to record the exception is also the only one to include the story of Joseph and Mary. This is the only New Testament example of what Jesus might have meant by "fornication" or "sexual immorality" as a ground for divorce.) 10His disciples asked him, “If that is the relationship of a man with his wife, it‟s not worth getting married!” (The
disciples asked again. They had just heard something that blew them away. If divorce stayed the same as Moses‘ time and Jesus thought the marriage covenant ended at divorce why did the disciples say, ―If that is the relationship of a man with his wife, it‘s not worth getting married!‖ They were as surprised as people are today.) 11“Not everyone can accept this saying,” he replied, “except those to whom celibacy has been granted, (Jesus‘ mind went to eunuchs. Why eunuchs? Celibacy might have to happen for the Kingdom of God.) 12because some men are celibate from birth, while some are celibate because they have been made that way by others. Still others are celibate because they have made themselves that way for the sake of the kingdom from heaven. Let anyone accept this who can.” (This is not an invitation to celibacy. It is simply an indication that some people have the gift of desire to be celibate. These men could be married, and they have no physical impairment. Yet in dedication to the King and His kingdom, they willingly forego marriage in order to give themselves to the cause of Christ without distraction. Cf 1 Cor 7:32. Their celibacy is not physical but a matter of voluntary abstinence. Not all men can live such a life; only those divinely empowered. Cf 1 Cor 7:7.) Jesus Blesses the Little Children (Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)
some little children were brought to him so that he might lay his hands on them and pray. But the disciples rebuked those who brought them. (It is interesting that children are introduced shortly after the discourse on divorce; often they are the ones who suffer most severely from broken homes.) 14Jesus, however, said, “Let the little children come to me, and stop keeping them away, because the kingdom from heaven belongs to people like these.” (Several important lessons emerge from those words. First, they should impress the servant of the Lord with the importance of reaching children, whose minds are most receptive, with the Word of God. Part of our outreach is to the children. Second, children who wish to confess their faith in the Lord Jesus should be encouraged, not held back. No one knows the age of the youngest person in hell. If a child truly wishes to be saved, he should not be told that he is too young. At the same time, children should not be pressured into making a false profession. Children do not have to become adults to be saved, but adults have to become like children. Thirdly, these words of our Lord answer the question, ―What happens to children who die before they reach the age of accountability?‖ Th is verse should be adequate assurance to parents who have suffered the loss of little ones. Sometimes this passage is used to support the baptism of young children in order to make them members of Christ and inheritors of the kingdom. Closer reading will show that the parents brought the children to Jesus, not to be baptised, but so that He might pray for them. There is not a drop of water in the passage). 15When he had laid his hands on them, he went on from there.
A Rich Man Comes to Jesus (Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23)
then a man came up to Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what good deed should I do to have eternal life?” (The question revealed his ignorance of the true identity of Jesus and of the way of salvation. He called Jesus ―Teacher,‖ putting Him on the same level as other great men. And he spoke of gaining eternal life as a debt rather than as a gift. Note the basis is on works.) 17Jesus asked him, “Why ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good. If you want to get into that life, you must keep the commandments.” (Here is the Master Evangelist showing us how to deal with a proud, self-righteous person—a typical sinner. This is noticeably different from the approach of modern evangelism. When the man asked how he could obtain eternal life, Jesus did not ask, ―Would you like to have the assurance that if you died tonight you would go straight to heaven? You can have that confidence right now simply by acknowledging that you have sinned against God, and by trusting in the finished work of Calvary‘s cross. Would you like me to lead you in prayer right now so that you can have that assurance?‖ Instead, Jesus pointed him to the Law so that he could recognize his sin. Biblical evangelism is always ―Law to the proud, grace to the humble.‖ John Newton said, ―My grand point in preaching is to break the hard heart and to heal the broken one.‖) 18The young man asked him, “Which ones?” Jesus said, “„You must not murder, you must not commit adultery, you must not steal, you must not give false testimony, 19honor your father and mother,‟ and, „you must love your neighbor as yourself.‟” (―honor your father and mother‖: … by loving obedience during your childhood and youth, and by providing for them when they are sick, weary, old and feeble. One of the greatest provisions you can give them is your sincere love and friendship, at all times. Exodus 20:12-16; Deut 5:1620; Lev 19:18). 20The young man told him, “I have kept all of these. What do I still lack?” (Blind to his own selfishness, the man boasted that he had always kept these commandments.) 21Jesus told him, “If you want to be perfect, go and sell what you own and give the money to the destitute, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come back and follow me.” (Discipleship: costs all that one has! To live for others. Phil 3:7,8; Luke 14:26-27, 33.) 22But when the young man heard this statement he went away sad, because he had many possessions. (In light of the way most Christians share the gospel, Jesus failed because He didn‘t get a ―decision.‖ However, heaven doesn‘t rejoice over ―decisions.‖ It reserves its rejoicing for repentance, and there can be no repentance without a God-given knowledge of sin—and that, according to Scripture, can come only by the Law. Cf Romans 7:7). Salvation and Reward (Mark 10:23-31; Luke 18:24-30)
therefore.Matthew 23Then Jesus told his disciples. is nevertheless so low that pride can never pass through it. the old nature reasserting itself.‖ Before leaving this section we should notice that the expressions ‖kingdom from heaven‖ and ―kingdom of God‖ are used interchangeably in verses 23 and 24. If that‘s what Jesus was saying. they were ―exceedingly amazed. If these men. “Who. because of verse 26. ―That makes sense. Only God can effect such a change.) 24Again I tell you. when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne in the renewed creation. “I tell all of you with certainty.‖ When the main gate was closed. governing the twelve tribes of Israel.) 26Jesus looked at them intently and said. they were completely astonished. because of the response of both the disciples and Jesus. He used the word ―impossible. He must forsake his riches and humble himself to enter. couldn‘t make it to Heaven. “I tell all of you with certainty. you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones. as evidenced by the fact that few rich men are converted. (Wealth was considered by the Jews to be a sign of blessing and approval by God.) 27“Look!” Peter replied.‖ It would seem therefore that the analogy was to a literal camel and a literal needle. the disciples would have more than likely responded with something like. it is impossible for anyone to be saved. It is strange that they use a passage in which the Lord denounces wealth as a hindrance to man's eternal welfare. “We have left everything and followed you. they questioned. He was bargaining with the Lord. It is hard to have them without trusting in them.” (Humanly speaking. it is unlikely that this is correct. only God can save a soul.” (A common interpretation is that Jerusalem had a main gate. but for God all things are possible. it will be hard for a rich person to get into the kingdom from heaven. Hoarded wealth condemns us as not loving our neighbors as ourselves. But it is more difficult for a wealthy man to surrender his will to Christ than for a poor man. the two terms are synonymous. Interesting though it may sound. So what will we get?” (Peter's self-life was showing.‖ Instead. beside which was a smaller gate called ―the eye of a needle.) 25When the disciples heard this. (Riches tend to become an idol.) 28Jesus told them.‖ What Jesus had said astonished them. to justify the accumulation of earthly treasures! And it is difficult to see how a Christian can cling to riches in view of the appalling need everywhere and the Lord's clear prohibition against laying up treasures on earth. This is what a rich man must do to enter the celestial city. He didn‘t then respond to their astonishment by saying that it was ―difficult‖ for a camel to get through the eye of the needle. It was a spirit each of us must guard against. approved by God. a camel had to forsake its load. Commentators and preachers invariably inject here that it is perfectly all right for Christians to be rich. though it is so wide that the greatest sinner may enter. who could? Is it possible to be saved if you are rich? Yes. then get on its knees and crawl through the smaller gate to enter the city. Rather. They find it almost impossible to replace trust in visible means of support for faith in an unseen Savior. Charles Spurgeon said ―The gate of heaven. it is easier for a camel to squeeze through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to get into the kingdom of God. can be saved?” they asked. “For humans this is impossible. then. (The Lord assured Peter that everything done .
It's how we finish that counts. Here the thought is that those who forsake all are rewarded with a greater capacity for enjoying eternal life in heaven. While those keeping score may be in for some unpleasant surprises. 4He told them. 10“When the first came.) Matthew 20 The Workers in the Vineyard 1“The kingdom from heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. and I will pay you whatever is right. a continuation of the discourse on rewards at the end of chapter 19. the owner of the vineyard told his manager. Eternal life is a gift and cannot be earned or merited. illustrates the truth that while all true disciples will be rewarded. This statement may also have been a warning that it isn't enough to start out well on the path of discipleship. 2After agreeing to pay the workers one denarius a day. but you paid them the same as . 12„These last fellows worked only one hour. the order of rewards will be determined by the spirit in which the disciple served. they began to complain to the landowner. too. 11When they received it. children. „You go into the vineyard. beginning with the last and ending with the first.‟ (In this way the earliest men hired saw what the others received. they would have places of authority in the Millennium. The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. (This parable. and the last will be first. he sent them into his vineyard. mother. they receive spiritual riches beyond reckoning.) 7They told him.) 29In fact. (In this life. but each received a denarius as well. and each received a denarius. brothers.‟ 8“When evening came.) 30But many who are first will be last. This does not mean that we earn eternal life by forsaking all and sacrificing.Matthew for Him would be rewarded handsomely. For lands or other forms of wealth forsaken.‟ He told them. sisters.) 3When he went out about nine o‟clock. they enjoy a world-wide fellowship of believers that more than compensates for severed earthly ties. „Call the workers and give them their wages. As to the twelve specifically. All believers will have that life but not all will enjoy it to the same extent. or fields because of my name will receive a hundred times as much and will inherit eternal life.‟ 5So off they went. For the one house they leave. they receive a hundred Christian homes where they are warmly welcomed. „Why are you standing here all day long without work?‟ (They were not lazy. „Because no one has hired us. He asked them. „You go into the vineyard as well. everyone who has left his homes. he saw others standing in the marketplace without work. The future reward for all believers is eternal life. they were willing to work and wanted work but hadn't been able to find it. He went out again about noon and about three o‟clock and did the same thing. they thought they would receive more. 6About five o‟clock he went out and found some others standing around. father.” (Those who have faithfully focused on Jesus will be startled by the impact that their lives have had on others.) 9Those who were hired at five o‟clock came.
just. (The first bargained for a denarius a day and got the wage agreed on. The more we study the parable in this light. It is to show that God rewards on the basis of opportunity. and fair. I want to give this last man as much as I gave you. depending on our faithfulness to Christ on earth.) 14Take what is yours and go. should have counted it an added recompense to serve such a wonderful master all day. This only proves that in the kingdom of heaven we must adopt an entirely new kind of thinking. It is better to leave our rewards up to the Lord than to strike a bargain with Him. or do they differ in degree? There are different degrees of reward in heaven. the more we realize that it is not only fair but eminently beautiful. The farmer added. Not all the servants had the opportunity to work for the master the same amount of time. is that God is sovereign. We must abandon our greedy. but that all rewards are by grace. God looks at our disposition as well as our actions and judges accordingly. one can NOT earn your salvation. and the first will be last. and think like the Lord. No one received less than he deserved.Matthew us. It doesn‘t matter if one worked all day or one hour. men got exactly what they deserved. Daniel 12:3. enduring the scorching heat!‟ (Are rewards the same for all. 2 Cor 5:10. because many are called. Others who served out of love and gratitude will be highly honored. yet were jealous because the others got the same pay for working fewer hours. too. he took the twelve disciples aside and told them as they were walking along. Jesus is simply saying that God will deal as He will. Some who thought they would be first will be last because their service was inspired by pride and selfish ambition. The others cast themselves on the farmer's grace and got grace. the last will be first. 18“See.m. competitive spirit. And what He pleases will always be right. ―Or are you envious because I‘m generous?‖ This question exposes the selfish streak in human nature. They are not earning their salvation. but all. not simply on accomplishment. Many of us have to admit that it seems a bit unfair to us.) 13“But he told one of them. am I not? Or are you envious because I‟m generous?‟ (The lesson. Luke 18:31-34) 17When Jesus was going up to Jerusalem. Gave to everyone that which was bargained for. There will be surprises in the matter of rewards. didn‟t you? (Did not do anyone wrong. „Friend. Cf 1 Cor 3:11–15. were given the same pay. but few are chosen. He can do as He pleases.) 15I am allowed to do what I want with my own money. of course. The point of the parable in Matthew 20 is not that all rewards will be the same. nevertheless. The farmer knew that all these men needed money. The 6:00 a.) Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection a Third Time (Mark 10:32-34. Rev 22:12.m. and we‟ve been working all day. Grace is better than justice. Those who were hired at 6:00 a. we are going up to . so he paid them according to need rather than greed.) 16“In the same way.” (… to shine like the stars forever and ever. You did agree with me for a denarius. I‟m not treating you unfairly. but all received what they needed for themselves and their families.
Not James the brother of Jesus).” (James would be martyred and John persecuted and exiled to the Isle of Patmos. His followers were thinking more of their own glory than of His sufferings. But it‟s not up to me to grant you a seat at my right hand or at my left. they had a special claim to places of preferment. (They were probably indignant because they themselves wanted to be greatest and resented any prior claims being made by James and John!) 25But Jesus called the disciples and said.Matthew Jerusalem. and crucified.) 24When the ten heard this. 21He asked her. These positions have already been prepared for others by my Father. John lived a martyr's life. they became furious with the two brothers. some living today might win them — by suffering. This means that the chief honors in the kingdom are not limited to first century Christians. whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant.e. 27and whoever . “You know that the rulers of the unbelievers lord it over them and their superiors act like tyrants over them. ―James died a martyr's death. the mother of James and John. In the counsels of God. “What do you want?” She told him. The account that occurs in Mark 10:35 indicates that James and John were of the same mind. and they will condemn him to death.” (Jesus lays out His crucifixion and resurrection. Instead. So this was not a case of the mother embarrassing her two sons. But it was not a question of personal favoritism. the places on His right hand and left hand would be given on the basis of suffering for Him. He must suffer and die.” (We are not left to wonder what He meant by the cup.) The Request of James and John (Mark 10:35-45) 20Then the mother of Zebedee‟s sons came to Jesus with her sons. immediately after the third prediction of His passion. Nothing came as a surprise. though perhaps their confidence was based more on zeal than knowledge. Did they understand Him? No. and the Son of Man will be handed over to the high priests and scribes. “Promise that in your kingdom these two sons of mine will sit on your right and on your left. See Luke 18:34. Someone said. James and John expressed ability to share in His sufferings. They thought it was a matter of political patronage.‖ Jesus explained that He could not arbitrarily grant places of honor in the kingdom.) 22Jesus replied. Can you drink from the cup that I‟m going to drink from?” They told him. i. (Classical worldly hierarchy. “We can.. “You will indeed drink from my cup. 19Then they will hand him over to unbelievers to be mocked. the Father had determined a special basis on which these positions would be assigned. “You don‟t realize what you‟re asking.) 23He told them.” (It is a sad commentary on human nature that. She bowed down in front of him to ask him for a favor. (The Mother of Zebedee‘s children. but on the third day he will be raised. He had just described it in verses 18 and 19. whipped.) 26That‟s not the way it should be among you. that because they were so close to Christ.
) 28That‟s the way it is with the Son of Man. So they followed him. How many were there? Two. deeply moved with compassion. who is literally God in human flesh and Lord of all. Mark and Luke focus on the one who had a better witness. while there still were two. If Jesus can step down from His glorious equality with God to become a man. Son of David!” (Their use of the title ―Son of David‖ means that. their spiritual vision was so acute as to recognize Jesus as the Messiah. Lord. His death satisfied all God's righteous demands against sin. as we often do when we pray. while Matthew describes two. a large crowd followed Jesus. would so humble Himself for us.) 34Then Jesus. “Have mercy on us. Luke 18:35-43) 29As they were leaving Jericho.Matthew wants to be first among you must be your slave. “What do you want me to do for you?” 33They told him. saying. “Lord. 30When two blind men who were sitting by the roadside heard that Jesus was passing by.Do you want to be blessed? Develop a servant‘s heart.) 31When the crowd told them harshly to be silent. It was sufficient to put away all the sins of all the world. Yet. and then further humble Himself to be a servant and wash the feet of twelve undeserving sinners—then humble Himself to die so horribly on our behalf. we dare not denigrate humility or aspire to self-esteem instead of lowliness.” (If the sinless Christ.) Matthew 21 The King Enters Jerusalem . The idea that they don‘t quite agree exactly refutes the idea that they are colluding. Lord. They came right to the point. (Their specific request received a specific response. greatness is manifested by service. they shouted even louder. But it is effective only for those who accept Him as Lord and Savior. If you compare this with the same accounts in Luke and Mark they are a bit different. surely we ought to be willing to suffer any indignity to serve Him. “Have mercy on us. if you read it carefully you will discover that what Luke is really saying is that they met the one beggar as they got to the city.. we want to be able to see!” (When Jesus asked what they wanted. He did not come to be served. Luke describes this as they came to Jericho and Mark describes the healing of the blind men when they depart from Jericho. Both Matthew and Mark indicate that the healing took place as they were leaving. (The unbelievers think of greatness in terms of mastery and rule. In Christ's kingdom. Son of David!” 32Jesus stopped and called them. and at once they could see again. Both Mark and Luke describe one blind man. but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many people. they didn't indulge in generalities.‖ He gave His life as a ransom for many people. Have you ever done this?) Jesus Heals Two Blind Men (Mark 10:46-52. though physically blind. they shouted. touched their eyes..
Perhaps the people meant. In less than a week. The Pharisees are upset because they felt that they were blaspheming. Each time Jesus slips away and notes that ―Mine hour has not yet come. Then He got off the old donkey and mounted the colt. ―Save us from our Roman oppressors. Isa 62:11. “This is the prophet Jesus. and he sat upon them. At once you will find a donkey tied up and a colt with it. (This indicates clearly that Jesus rode both the donkey and her colt. Next the Messiah would be cut off. (It was a historic moment. Some propose that Jesus rode the old donkey until He came to the place on the Mount of Olives where He wept over Jerusalem. So Jerusalem at this time was a tourist center.) 6So the disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them. and bring them to me. while others began cutting down branches from the trees and spreading them on the road. Jesus sent two disciples on ahead and 2told them. the Messiah the King. „Look. Riding this unbroken colt was a miracle in itself!) 8Many people in the crowd spread their own coats on the road. the man from Nazareth in Galilee. In riding into Jerusalem in this manner.) 9Both the crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed him kept shouting. Sixty-nine weeks of Daniel's prophecy had now run out.Matthew (Mark 11:1-11. “Go into the village ahead of you. even on a colt of a donkey.) 10When he came into Jerusalem. “Hosanna to the Son of David! How blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest heaven!” (Hosanna means save now. The people were asking.” (From this it seems that few really understood He was the Messiah. “Who is this?” 11The crowds kept saying. This was four days before Passover. There were several times that Jesus became popular and the crowd wanted Him to be King. Untie them. tell him. the fickle crowd would be crying. (For a moment. 3If anyone says anything to you. according to Sir Robert Anderson.) 4Now this happened to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet when he said. your king is coming to you! He is humble and mounted on a donkey. Luke 19:41-44. at least. the whole city was trembling with excitement. 5“Tell the daughter of Zion. A prearranged password is implied. See his computations in the book The Coming Prince. Skeptics try to find sin in Jesus Christ by saying ―Jesus wasn‘t sinless – He stole a donkey‖… It isn‘t stealing if the owner gives permission.‖ Here Jesus stages the event! He does this deliberately to fulfill an Old Testament prophecy. Cf Dan 9:26. ―Crucify Him! Crucify Him!‖) . „The Lord needs them.) 7They brought the donkey and the colt and put their coats on them. unveiled claim to being the Messiah.‖ It later became an exclamation of praise.‟” (Cf.” (―The Lord needs them‖: Literally the Lord of them. Zech 9:9. heralding Jesus as the Meshiach Nagid. Luke 19:28-38. John 12:12-19) 1When they came near Jerusalem and had reached Bethphage on the Mount of Olives. Every able-bodied male was required by the Law to go to Jerusalem for Passover. the Lord Jesus made a deliberate.‟ and that person will send them at once. He was acknowledged as King. Account in Luke notes that they are singing Psalm 118.
Confrontation in the Temple over Money (Mark 11:15-19; Luke 19:45-48; John 2:13-22)
Jesus went into the Temple, threw out everyone who was selling and buying in the Temple, and overturned the moneychangers‟ tables and the chairs of those who sold doves. (The bazaars and Temple markets were the franchise of the Sons of Annas. In order to comply with the requirements of the Temple, you had to have the Temple currency. This created the need for moneychangers. The whole practice was corrupt and also in the wrong place. Also a foreshadow corresponding to Revelation where judgment starts in the House of God. Mal 3:1-3; 2 Thess 2:3, 4. Genuine outrage is not just a permissible reaction to the hard-pressed Christian; God himself feels it, and so should the Christian in the presence of pain, cruelty, violence, and injustice. God, who is the Father of Jesus Christ, is neither impersonal nor beyond good and evil. By the absolute immutability of His character, He is implacably opposed to evil and outraged by it. Tolerance is a virtue for those who have no convictions.) 13He told them, “It is written, „My house is to be called a house of prayer,‟ but you are turning it into a hideout for bandits!” (Cf. Isa 56:7; Jer 7:11. These merchants were selling birds and animals to the visiting pilgrims to sacrifice. But they were taking advantage of them and robbing them by charging exorbitant prices. The exorbitant prices charged the public by some professional and business people today comes under the same solemn indictment. This incident has a twofold message for today. In our church life, we need His cleansing power to drive out bazaars, suppers, and a host of other money-making gimmicks. In our personal lives, there is constant need for the purging ministry of the Lord in our bodies, the temples of the Holy Spirit.) 14Blind and lame people came to him in the Temple, and he healed them. (He attracted the needy wherever He went, and never sent them away without meeting their need.) 15But when the high priests and the scribes saw the amazing things that he had done and the children shouting in the Temple, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became furious (Hostile eyes were watching.) 16and asked him, “Do you hear what these people are saying?” Jesus told them, “Yes! Haven‟t you ever read, „From the mouths of infants and nursing babies you have created praise‟?” (As if they expected Him to forbid the children from addressing Him as the Messiah! If Jesus had not been the Messiah, this would have been an appropriate time to say so once for all. But His answer indicated that the children were right. If the supposedly knowledgeable priests and scribes would not praise Him as the Anointed, then the Lord would be worshiped by little children. Children often have spiritual insight beyond their years, and their words of faith and love bring unusual glory to the name of the Lord. Cf. Ps 8:2) 17Then he left them and went out of the city to Bethany and spent the night there. (Bethany, a Sabbath day‘s walk from Jerusalem. Some very special times in Bethany, where Lazarus is raised.) Jesus Curses a Fig Tree
(Mark 11:12-14, 20-24)
the morning, as Jesus was returning to the city, he became hungry. 19Seeing a fig tree by the roadside, he went up to it but found nothing on it except leaves. He told it, “May fruit never come from you again!” And immediately the fig tree dried up. (Matthew places the cursing of the fig tree after the cleansing of the temple. But Mark places the cursing before the temple was cleansed. But, it cannot be both. Did one Gospel writer make a mistake? Jesus actually cursed the fig tree on His way to the temple as Mark said, but this does not mean that Matthew‘s account is mistaken. Christ made two trips to the temple, and He cursed the fig tree on His second trip. Matthew addresses the two trips of Christ to the temple as though they were one event. In Mark's account the comment is made that it was not the season for figs. Therefore, His condemning the tree because it had no fruit would seem to picture the Savior as unreasonable and grumpy. Knowing this cannot be true, how is this difficulty explained? Fig trees in Bible lands produced an early, edible fruit before the leaves appeared. This was a forerunner of the regular crop. If no early figs appeared, as in the case of this fig tree, it indicated that there would be no regular figs later on. This is the only miracle in which Christ cursed rather than blessed—destroyed rather than restored life. This has been raised as a difficulty. Such criticism betrays an ignorance of the Person of Christ. He is God, the Sovereign of the universe. Some of His dealings are mysterious to us, but we must begin with the premise that they are always right. In this case, the Lord knew that the fig tree would never bear figs and He acted as a farmer would in removing a barren tree from his orchard. Even those who criticize our Lord for cursing the fig tree admit it was a symbolic action. This incident is the Savior's interpretation of the tumultuous welcome He had just received in Jerusalem. Like the vine and the olive tree, the fig tree represents the nation of Israel. When Jesus came to the nation there were leaves, which speak of profession, but no fruit for God. Jesus was hungry for fruit from the nation. Because there was no early fruit, He knew there would be no later fruit from that unbelieving people, and so He cursed the fig tree. This prepictured the judgment which would fall on the nation in a.d. 70. Although the primary interpretation of this passage relates to the nation of Israel, it has application to people of all ages who combine high talk and low walk. The lesson here for the disciples is if they don‘t bear fruit they are in jeopardy. One cannot judge the human heart—that is God‘s job—however, one can inspect the fruits!) 20When the disciples saw this, they were amazed. “How did the fig tree dry up so quickly?” they asked. 21Jesus answered them, “I tell all of you with certainty, if you have faith and do not doubt, not only will you be able to do what has been done to the fig tree, but you will also say to this mountain, „Be removed and thrown into the sea,‟ and it will happen. 22You will receive whatever you ask for in prayer, if you believe.” (Again we must explain that these seemingly unqualified promises concerning prayer must be understood in light of all that the Bible teaches on the subject. Verse 22 does not mean that any Christian can ask anything he wants and expect to get it. He
must pray in accordance with the conditions laid down in the Bible. Also make sure that you don‘t substitute the sacrifice of prayer for the obedience of evangelism; to do so is to play the hypocrite. It is easier to pray for this world than to preach the gospel to them. C.T. Studd said: ―We Christians too often substitute prayer for playing the game. Prayer is good; but when used as a substitute for obedience, it is nothing but a blatant hypocrisy, a despicable Pharisaism …. To your knees, man! And to your Bible! Decide at once! Don‘t hedge! Time flies! Cease your insults to God. Quit consulting flesh and blood. Stop your lame, lying, and cowardly excuses. Enlist!‖.) Jesus’ Authority is Challenged (Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8)
Jesus went into the Temple. While he was teaching, the high priests and the elders of the people came to him and asked, “By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?” (By what authority? We hear this often from religious people, who are your leaders they ask? Who is your pastor? Who ordained you? Do you have an education and where did you go to school? Who are they that gives you counsel or are you just a loose cannon? This is what is being said to Jesus. Who does He sit under, who is His leader and what religious school did He attend, as He was considered a lone rebel. They not only wanted to question Him, they were on a fault finding mission. They hoped to trap Him, no matter how He answered. If He claimed to have authority in Himself as the Son of God, they would accuse Him of blasphemy. If He claimed authority from men, they would discredit Him. If He claimed authority from God, they would challenge Him. They considered themselves the guardians of the faith, professionals who by formal training and human appointment were authorized to direct the religious life of the people. Jesus had no formal schooling and certainly no credentials from Israel's rulers. Their challenge reflected the age-old resentment felt by professional religionists against men with the power of divine anointing.) 24Jesus answered them, “I, too, will ask you one question. If you answer it for me, I will also tell you by what authority I am doing these things. (He will give them His answer when He is under oath at the trial.) 25Where did John‟s authority to baptize come from? From heaven or from humans?” They began discussing this among themselves: “If we say, „From heaven,‟ he will ask us, „Then why didn‟t you believe him?‟ (The priests and elders were in a dilemma. If they admitted that John was sent by God, they were trapped. John had pointed men to Jesus as the Messiah.) 26But if we say, „From humans,‟ we are afraid of the crowd, because everyone regards John as a prophet.” (―Catch 22‖: No matter how they answer they lose. If they had correctly answered that John was divinely sent, they would have had the answer to their own question: Jesus was the Messiah of whom John had been the forerunner.) 27So they told Jesus, “We don‟t know.” He in turn told them, “Then I won‟t tell you by what authority I am
He went to the first and said. and you didn‟t believe him. he sent other servants to them. tax collectors and prostitutes will get into God‟s kingdom ahead of you! (Why tax collectors and prostitutes? Their lifestyle is rebellious. 30Then the father went to the other son and told him the same thing.) 38But when the tenant farmers saw his son. but the tax collectors and prostitutes did. put a wall around it. (Isa 5:1-7. (Killed: Acts 7:52.) 36Again.‟ (―his son‖: in Mk 12:6 notes ―a son whom he loved‖. thinking. and built a watchtower. Why should He tell them what they already knew but were unwilling to admit?) The Parable about Two Sons 28“But what do you think? A man had two sons. sir. Jewish guilt: 1 Thess 2:2.27. but he doesn‘t. killed another. but the tenant farmers treated them the same way. a greater number than the first. „I don‟t want to. „I will. let‟s kill him and get his inheritance!‟ (Son . There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. Then he leased it to tenant farmers and went abroad.29. (One says that he is not going to do it. but he does.‟ but later he changed his mind and went. Come on. Gentiles guilt: Acts 4:26. so they pleaded ignorance. It is the same today.” (Therefore the out-and-out sinners entered the kingdom of God while the self-satisfied religious leaders remained outside.) 32John came to you living a righteous life. they told one another. 6:38. „This is the heir. But even when you saw that. 7:28.14. dug a wine press in it.) The Parable about the Tenant Farmers (Mark 12:1-12. he sent his servants to the tenant farmers to collect his produce. He is talking to the Scribes and Pharisees. In contrast to the Scribes and Pharisees whose words are supportive and yet their hearts are far from Him. Then he will lease the vineyard to other farmers who will .) 39So they grabbed him.) 40Now when the owner of the vineyard returns. He replied.Acts 2:23. threw him out of the vineyard. and attacked another with stones. 37Finally. what will he do to those farmers?” 41They told him.Matthew doing these things. Avowed sinners receive the gospel more readily than those with a veneer of false piety.” (They refused to face the facts. go and work in the vineyard today. but they might repent. „They will respect my son. (Killed . he sent his son to them. 35But the farmers took his servants and beat one. and the other says he will. and killed him. Ps 80:8) 34When harvest time approached.15.” Jesus told them.‟ but he didn‟t go. ―tax collectors‖: These were Jews collecting taxes from their own people for Rome. Luke 20:9-19) 33“Listen to another parable. Jer 2:21. “I tell all of you with certainty. “The first one.) 31Which of the two did the father‟s will?” They answered.John 1:11.‟ 29His son replied. “He will put those horrible men to a horrible death. „Son. you didn‟t change your minds at last and believe him.
Israel the vineyard. They will be crushed at last by the Supreme Judge of the earth.) 43That is why I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce fruit for it. So not all Jews rejected Him.) 42Jesus asked them. Revelation 7:1-8. In the Passover service. But God has made the Messiah to be the Cornerstone of His coming Kingdom on earth. But a day is coming – soon now. ―This is the heir‖—a fatal admission. must do so with such abandon that they are completely broken in their rebellion and self-will. Isa 5:1-7. though publicly denying it. They privately agreed that Jesus was the Son of God. The first church was entirely Jewish. „The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. It is mainly among the Gentiles that Christ has been received. God is the landowner. we trust – when great numbers among the people of Israel will also turn to Christ. holiness. the Rock of humanity‘s salvation. the prophets. At His first coming. The hedge is the Law of Moses which separated Israel from the Gentiles and preserved them as a distinct people for the Lord. (This prophecy has already been fulfilled. Repeatedly God sent His servants.‟? (Cf. Without this death to self. Cf. and seek mercy from Him.) 45When the high priests and the Pharisees heard his parables. The Kingdom of God was taken from the Jews long ago and given to the Gentiles. Ps 80:8. and thus answered their own question concerning His authority. The wine-press signifies the fruit which Israel should have produced for God. and it is amazing in our eyes. Matthew 22 The Parable about a Banquet (Luke 14:15-24) . Mark 8:34-38. no born-again experience. This was the Lord‟s doing. to the people of Israel seeking from the vineyard the fruits of fellowship. there is no conversion. The Jewish historian Neander said that by the end of the first century A. to this day. they were afraid of the crowds. they knew that he was talking about them. 46Although they wanted to arrest him. Ps 118:22-23. but it will crush anyone on whom it falls. His authority came from the fact that He was God the Son. the non-Jewish people.) 44The person who falls over this stone will be broken to pieces. God sent His Son. the Messiah was rejected by most of His own people. Finally. more than one million followers of Jesus were Jewish. who considered Jesus to be a prophet. But the people persecuted the prophets and killed some of them. The vinedressers are the chief priests and scribes.” (All who cast themselves on Christ. this psalm is sung in the concluding part of the service. “Have you never read in the Scriptures. The chief priests and scribes said.D. and love.” (The parable is not difficult to interpret. Even now there has already been a great increase in converts to their Messiah among the Jewish people. Those who reject His mercy and reject His Lordship over their lives will experience the awful descending blow of judgment. The tower suggests God‘s watchful care for His people. Jer 2:21.Matthew give him his produce at harvest time.
„Tie his hands and feet. The guests were expected to be wearing the robes provided by the King.) 4So he sent other servants after saying. and they destroyed those murderers and burned their city. (Remnant slew his servants. „Tell those who have been invited. (The call to the Gentiles. The whole idea is that Jesus came first unto Israel. John is talking about Israel. (i. (Armies! That is. Israel is guilty of not only having rejected the Messiah. Those refusing to wear this robe will be rejected by God and thrown into outer darkness. it disproves the notion that the fires of hell exert a purifying effect.e. Isa 64:6. Rom 10:3. the robe represents the right standing with God. (To spurn the robe offered was an expression of highest contempt. Jesus came to them.) 12He asked him. provided by Him thru Jesus Christ. My oxen and fattened calves have been slaughtered. but also of the blood of the prophets. but they refused to come. “Look! I‟ve prepared my dinner. one to his farm. extreme pain. Saul of Tarsus: At first would have tried to come by his own righteousness. 3He sent his servants to call those who had been invited to the wedding. 2“The kingdom from heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son. Ex 15:3. etc. he noticed a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes. and the wedding hall was packed with guests. „The wedding is ready. and throw him into the darkness outside!‟ In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. evil and good alike.d. 70. He is obviously taking about something far broader in impact than simply a wedding and a breach of etiquette. Here is where the idiom. (―who had been invited‖: John 1:11. Everything is ready. ―our righteous acts‖ is as filthy rags.‟ (Scrapping the first guest list.Matthew 1Again Jesus spoke to them in parables. „Friend. They were His officially even if they did not know Him personally. Come to the wedding!”‟ 5But they paid no attention to this and went away. This can be seen many ways. 6The rest grabbed the king‟s servants. (Eastern custom is for the host to provide the garments for the guests. treated them brutally. another to his business.) 13Then the king told his servants. He said. Some suggest that the gnashing of teeth signifies continued hatred and rebellion against God. polite words for ―used menstrual cloths‖.) 11“When the king came in to see the guests.) 7Then the king became outraged. one is the slaughtering of the prophets. In this parable. The Jews rejected Him. and then killed them. Titus and his Roman legions. or the mechanic of the parable yields to the reality which Christ is focusing on. not our own.) 10Those servants went out into the streets and brought in everyone they found. he issued a general invitation to all who would come. to destroy Jerusalem and most of its people in a. but those who were invited were not worthy. We will be standing before God by Jesus‘ righteousness. 9So go into the roads leading out of town and invite as many people as you can find to the wedding. Others note the parallel with Peter in Acts 3:19-21 with the stoning of Stephen. Nu 21:14!) 8“Then he told his servants. They were ―his troops‖ in the sense that He used them as His instruments to punish Israel. If so. but was confronted . how did you get in here without wedding clothes?‟ But the man was speechless. The weeping suggests the suffering of hell. He sent his troops. Clearly.
Caesar‘s picture was on the coin. He exposed their failure to give tribute to God. Mat 11:12. They said. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?” (In asking this question. (The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. They are the ones who are indeed born again. Every time the Jews saw the likeness and title of Caesar on the coin it was an annoying reminder that they were under Gentile authority and taxation.) 18Recognizing their wickedness. Jesus asked. They realize full well that mere selective obedience will not gain them entrance into Heaven. because you pay no attention to external appearance. “Why are you testing me. by turning from their sinning to living in obedience to Him.) 17So tell us what you think. Acts 4:12. the question of paying taxes to Caesar would never have arisen. they . A lot of prophetic overtones: the word going out twice.) 14because many are invited. Luke 20:20-26) 15Then the Pharisees went and planned how to trap Jesus in conversation. You don‟t favor any individual. John 3:1-8. first to Israel and then the Gentiles. so Jesus was examined by the religious leaders of the nation thru intense questioning. “Teacher.” They brought him a denarius. 16They sent their disciples to him along with the Herodians. “Whose face and name is this?” 21They told him. They were joined with the Pharisees politically. we know that you are sincere and that you teach the way of God truthfully. This parable shows the need to be properly attired for the wedding feast.) A Question about Paying Taxes (Mark 12:13-17. Only thing in common here is that they are both trying to entrap Jesus. you hypocrites? 19Show me the coin used for the tax. and to God the things that are God‟s. They had hoped to trap Jesus on the question of tribute to Caesar.Matthew on Damascus Road and accepted Christ‘s robe of righteousness. Phil 3:7-9. he was Idumaean.. As the Passover lamb was examined for four days before Passover. “Then give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar‟s.” (Their question had boomeranged. The denarius should have reminded them that their bondage to Rome was a result of their sin. Herod was not Jewish.” (Those chosen by God to eternal life … Rom 8:29. Cf Rom 10:1-13. Had they been true to God. they thought that Jesus would have to side with one of the groups: either pro-Roman or pro-Temple. as well as what He has told us to keep from doing. as both were powerful groups even though they had some very substantial differences: the Pharisees being ultra Judaistic and the Herodians being pro-Roman. he was established there by Rome. the righteousness required. They were pro-Roman Jews. Galling as it was. “Caesar‟s. by trusting in Jesus as their Savior. obeying both what He has told us to be busy doing.. but few are chosen.) 20Then he asked them. and obeying Him as their Lord. Only those who are determined to enter Heaven will gain entrance there. (―Herodians‖: Royal party sympathizers.” So he told them. 1 Pet 1:2 … are those whom He foreknew would be determined to meet His conditions for being born again.
but they did accept the five books of Moses. the woman died. the Torah. He just points out that they are all messed up. ―God‘s power‖: If He could create men from dust. 30because in the resurrection. Jesus' reply shows that the believer has dual citizenship. could He not as easily raise the dust of those who had died and refashion it into bodies of glory? There is absolutely nothing too hard for God.Matthew did give Caesar his due.) 24“Teacher. but they had disregarded the claims of God on their lives. He will do. He draws upon the one common base that they all have. (He does not deal with the issue deeply. And One stood before them who is the express image of God's Person and they failed to give Him His rightful place. and then the third. Then they left him and went away. In fact. He is responsible to obey and financially support human government. (Will we be like angels or spirits in . „If a man dies having no children. The first one married and died. 28Now in the resurrection. ―the Scriptures‖: about the resurrection: Job 19:25-27. Therefore the dead definitely will be raised. Isa 26:19. Deut 25:5-6) 25Now there were seven brothers among us. since all of them had married her?” (Their way of poking fun at the Pharisaical belief of a resurrection. 27Finally. most of us emphasize the part about Caesar and skip lightly over the part about God — exactly the fault for which Jesus reprehended the Pharisees!) 22When they heard this. and since he had no children. people neither marry nor are given in marriage but are like the angels in heaven. his brother must marry the widow and have children for his brother. Luke 20:27-40) 23That same day some Sadducees. too.) 26The same thing happened with the second brother. (Obviously a contrived question meant to entrap Jesus. he left his widow to his brother.) 29Jesus answered them. Moses said. This is the error of the ungodly. (―Sadducees‖: The modernists. instead He focuses on one issue. “You are mistaken because you don‟t know the Scriptures or God‟s power.‟ (… to inherit his property. he is responsible to obey God. Dan 12:2. their denials were more numerous than their affirmations. the existence of angels. who claim there is no resurrection. A Question about the Resurrection (Mark 12:18-27. If there is ever a conflict between the two. but rather the idea of a resurrection. the liberal theologians of that day. In quoting verse 21. came to Jesus and asked him. He is not to speak evil of his rulers nor work to overthrow his government. See Act 5:29. They are ignorant of Holy Scripture and they have a darkened understanding of the power of God. and miracles. his first loyalty is to God. He is to pray for those in authority. the Torah or what we call the Pentateuch. whose wife of the seven will she be. Cf. Cf Heb 1:3. Whatever He has promised. denying the resurrection of the body. The Sadducees did not accept the rest of the Old Testament. Jesus does not attack a lot of things here. As a citizen of heaven. they were amazed. Gen 18:14). and finally with the rest of the brothers. They are not trying to get at this Levitical law.
. Exod 3:6.) 33When the crowds heard this. an expert in the Law. haven‟t you read what was spoken to you by God when he said. 1 John 3:14. not just that God is in the present tense. Jesus did not say that we would be like angels in that they are spirits. 39The second is exactly like it: „You must love your neighbor as yourself.) 32„I am the God of Abraham. 5:1. they met together in the same place. and the God of Jacob‟? He is not the God of the dead. since we would have to love others this much too. We should think of how very much we do love ourselves. which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” 37Jesus told him. Then we should do it. there would be an automatic check on our selfish love.” A Question about David’s Son . the soul of the volitional nature. 36“Teacher. This means that man's first obligation is to love God with the totality of his being. “„You must love the Lord your God with all your heart.Matthew heaven. beings without physical bodies? According to Hebrews 1:14 angels have no physical bodies—they are spirits. but of the living. but like them in that they do not marry. the God of Isaac. not past. Note that He does not say that He was the God of. This. Mark's account adds the phrase. Rom 13:8-10. Jesus points out that the concept of marriage in the resurrection is just not Scriptural. which Jesus addresses head on. The Jews wore phylacteries containing Deut 6:5.) 31As for the resurrection from the dead. Luke 10:25-28) 34When the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees. In this way. Love is the controlling principle: 2 Pet 1:4. the mind of the intellectual nature. It is amazing that the God of the universe is calling Himself by the names of these three men. but that those three men are in the present tense. they were amazed at his teaching. But rather is the God of .‟ (Quoting Deut 6:5. He does not say that angels are sex-less.) 40All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commandments. Phylacteries are leather boxes containing Scriptures that are strapped to their left hand and to their foreheads.‟ (Quoting Lev 19:18. is contradictory to those verses that claim there will be a resurrection of the physical body from the grave. however. First.” (Cf. and with all your mind. The Greatest Commandment (Mark 12:28-34. The heart speaks of the emotional nature.. 15. 35One of them. Luke 24:39.) 38This is the greatest and most important commandment. Present tense. with all your soul. (The real issue is the resurrection. and strength of the physical nature. Thus. of how much of our activity centers around the care and comfort of self. just that they do not marry.2. Cf John 5:28–29. ―and with all your strength‖. Then we should try to imagine what it would be like if we showered that love on our neighbors. tested him by asking. it is argued that we will have no physical bodies in the resurrection. Cf. Cf Mark 12:30.
) 5“They do everything to be seen by people. ―Whose son is he?‖) 43He asked them.) Matthew 23 Jesus Denounces the Scribes and the Pharisees (Mark 12:38-40. 42“What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?” They told him. Luke 20:41-44) 41While the Pharisees were still gathered. (―Do as I say. Cf. “Sit at my right hand. “David‟s. but they refuse to lift a finger to remove them. He is called the Son of David. ―Tassel of the garment‖ was a symbol of rank. Jesus asked them.) 6They love to have the places of honor at festivals. Great Teacher. Luke 20:45-47) 1Then Jesus told the crowds and his disciples. Cf Ex 13:9-16. therefore David‘s Lord. they would be the first to espouse Moses as an authority.) 45If David calls him „Lord‟. (Hereafter they would use another method—violence. But He took on human form.) 4They tie up burdens that are heavy and unbearable and lay them on people‟s shoulders. not as I do. Quoting Ps 110. “Then how can David by the Spirit call him „Lord‟ when he says. Rom 1:1-4.‖ Generally. or.) 3So do whatever they tell you and follow it. for outstanding . It was a case of high talk and low walk. (The word Rabbi was an honorary title which meant Lord. nor is He indicting some of the observances that were their cultural pattern or style of worship. but stop doing what they do. Deut 6:9. and to be called „Rabbi‟ by people. the best seats in the synagogues. they are doing these things to be seen of men. and received His human body thru the ancestry of David. a descendant of David.” (On this question hangs our entire life.) 46No one could answer him at all.Matthew (Mark 12:35-37. Jesus is referring to the condition of their heart. Ps 2. how can he be his son?” (Christ is actually the Son of God. (Meaning that they put themselves in the position of Moses‘ authority. 44„The Lord told my Lord. Micah 5:2. Their creed was better than their conduct. their teachings were dependable. 7to be greeted in the marketplaces.”‟? (This was God the Father speaking to God the Son. They increase the size of their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels of their garments. or My Lord. but would not assist anyone in lifting these intolerable loads. until I put your enemies under your feet. 2“The scribes and the Pharisees administer the authority of Moses. (―Phylacteries‖: leather cases containing Scripture texts. He is not saying all that wear phylacteries are for show. Jesus‘ point is that the Pharisees are doing all this for show. Master. and from that day on no one dared to ask him another question. (They made heavy demands on the people by their extreme interpretations of the letter of the law. For that reason. because they don‟t do what they say. not because of their love for God. but their practice was not. We all are victims of cultural background or style of worship.
as not all sin is the same sin and not everyone will receive the same judgment. Right Reverend.‟ because you have only one Father.) 8“But you are not to be called „Rabbi. They can be sweetly tolerant of everything but the good news of salvation. you will receive greater condemnation! (Some modern cults use a similar technique by getting elderly widows.Matthew teachers of the Law. Cf Acts 7:2. Paul used them rightly in reference to those whom he had begotten through the gospel. They cherished their titles—Rabbi and Father. 22:1.‟ because you have only one teacher. sometimes undiscerning believers. (Once again the revolutionary character of the kingdom of heaven is seen in the fact that true greatness is exactly opposite to what people suppose. Even the seemingly harmless ―Doctor‖ means teacher in Latin. and all of you are brothers.‖ nor a patient's addressing his physician as ―Doctor. Pharisees and hypocrites‖ treated as synonyms. Bible aside. Same . and two. 12Whoever exalts himself will be humbled. and you don‟t allow those who are trying to enter to go in. that they are preventing others from going in! Strangely.‖) 11The person who is greatest among you must be your servant. Therefore. 2 Tim 1:2). but different levels of decomposing. you hypocrites! You devour widows‟ houses and say long prayers to cover it up. ―Greater condemnation‖: There are degrees of sin. Father. This should be Street Preaching 101. religious leaders are often the most active opponents of the gospel of grace.‖ The Pharisees loved to be seen and praised by men. even with our land laws there are degrees of criminals. Jesus condemned these titles because of their hypocrisy. Also there will be degrees of judgment for certain sin. 9And don‟t call anyone on earth „Father. Natural man doesn't want to be the object of God's grace and doesn't want God to show grace to others. True disciples who humble themselves will be exalted in due time.) 13“How terrible it will be for you. much like there are degrees of bad fruit. For instance. You don‟t go in yourselves.‖ Prov 28:9. Pharisees who exalt themselves will be brought low. rather than natural. Prayer of the wicked = abomination. and a host of others. yet their crimes are not the same. professional or academic relationships. you hypocrites! You shut the door to the kingdom from heaven in people‟s faces. Cf 1 Corinthians 4:15. it does not prohibit a child's calling his parent ‖Father. 10Nor are you to be called „Teachers. the one in heaven. to sign over their property to the ―church. Still bad fruit. Yet think of the pompous titles found in Christendom today: Reverend.‟ because you have only one teacher. (―scribes. The obvious meaning of the Savior's words is that in the kingdom of heaven all believers form an equal brotherhood with no place for distinctive titles setting one above another.) 14“How terrible it will be for you. Both are offenders no doubt and have committed a crime. the Messiah! (The Lord warned His disciples against using distinctive titles which should be reserved for the Godhead. as there are degrees. scribes and Pharisees. Two problems. This warning clearly applies to spiritual. one that they are missing it themselves. (Jesus commanded His followers not to call any man ―father. For example the person that steals a candy bar from the local store is not the same criminal as one who murdered three people for drugs. scribes and Pharisees. True greatness stoops to serve. and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
Man cannot escape his obligations by specious reasonings. or deliberate dishonest reasoning.) 17You blind fools! What is more important. the one who swears an oath by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. Thus. (The third charge against them is misdirected zeal.) 16“How terrible it will be for you. In view of this. cf. but whoever swears an oath by the gold of the sanctuary must keep his oath. ―The most converted often become the most perverted. 22And the one who swears an oath by heaven swears by God‟s throne and by the one who sits on it. Jesus only commanded that a ―brother‖ not be called a ―fool. It was the altar that gave value to the gift upon it. People who think that gold has intrinsic value are blind. Jesus never harbored hatred toward those to whom He applied the term.) 18Again you say. (The fact is that whatever these Pharisees swore by. His use of the term ―fool‖ does not violate His prohibition against calling others a fool. Gifts given for carnal motives are valueless. and when this happens you make him twice as fit for hell as you are. „Whoever swears an oath by the sanctuary is excused. In fact the scriptural description of a fool is one who say to themselves `There is no God‘ ‖.‟ 19You blind men! Which is more important. it is tantamount to calling him an unbeliever. 21The one who swears an oath by the sanctuary swears by it and by the one who lives there. They had built up a false system of reasoning to evade the payment of vows. A modern analogy is the zeal of false cults.‟ (See Mat 15:5. Firstly. Ps 14:1.‖ not an unbeliever. „Whoever swears an oath by the altar is excused. scribes and . it is used in the context of someone who is ―angry‖ with his brother. John 2:25.Matthew principle is applied with sin. It is very clear that there are degrees of judgment for the degrees of sin against God.) 23“How terrible it will be for you. you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to make a single convert. The Lord denounced them for their casuistry. They went to unimaginable lengths to make one convert. scribes and Pharisees. indicating a hatred. in Matthew 5 . Jesus exposed their sophistry. blind guides! You say. Vows are binding and promises must be kept.) 20Therefore. the gold or the sanctuary that made the gold holy? (Why did Jesus call people fools and yet condemn others for doing the same thing? Mat 5:22. All have sinned and as a result we will all die. The gold of the temple took on special value only because it was associated with God's abode. those given to the Lord or in the Lord's Name have eternal value. it becomes valuable only as it is used for God's glory.) 15“How terrible it will be for you. but the final result is evil. It is useless to appeal to technicalities to evade obligations. but whoever swears by the gift that is on it must keep his oath. when He who ―knew what was in every person‖. but there are degrees of said sin and death. but after he was won they made him twice as wicked as themselves. One group is willing to knock on 700 doors to reach one person for their cause. Secondly. Most sinners will get the red flame hellfire and those who God considers more wicked will get the blue flame of hellfire. one can see the seriousness of calling a brother a fool.‖ it was a most appropriate description of what they really were. As someone has said. God was involved and they were obligated to fulfill the vow. called unbelievers ―fools. the gift or the altar that makes the gift holy? (Addressing them as blind men. technically speaking. Hence.
and faithfulness.) 28In the same way. but ignored the truly important things. trivia vs. of whom they were physical sons. and greed. (During the feasts in Jerusalem. inward homicide. How ludicrous to take such care with the insignificant.) 32Then finish what your ancestors started! (This was a prediction of what they were about to do to Jesus. But Jesus used the word descendants in the sense of meaning people with the same characteristics. was strained out by sucking the wine through the teeth. mercy and faith. and cummin. your heart. you will fill up to the brim the cup containing the sins of your fathers until that measuring cup is full – until as much has .‖ In this sense also they were descendants of their fathers. but grossly blind to enormous sins like hypocrisy. we would have had no part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets. ―By slaying Me. He was saying. they admitted that their fathers. Micah 6:8). yet swallow a camel! (They placed such importance upon little things. but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. They had lost their sense of proportion. so that its outside may also be clean. scribes and Pharisees. then the outside. 26You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup. then bolt down the largest unclean animal in Palestine! The Pharisees were infinitely concerned with minutiae.) 31Therefore. dishonesty. scribes and Pharisees. but actually it was a defiling experience because they were full of hypocrisy and iniquity. (First clean the inside.‟ (This is what we might label outward homage.Matthew Pharisees. (Men thought that contact with these religious leaders would be sanctifying. in effect. but on the inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. in showing such respect for the dead prophets. will also be clean.) 29“How terrible it will be for you. you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your mint. Second. on the outside you look righteous to people. a tiny insect that often fell into a cup of sweet wine. shed the blood of the prophets. (He is referring to the tithing of spices and grains. He knew that even as they were decorating the prophets' graves. they would whitewash the tombs so that they were marked. dill. „If we had been living in the days of our ancestors. the important traits: justice.) 25“How terrible it will be for you. ―The only prophets we like are dead ones. you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and the plate. they were saying. but have neglected the more important matters of the Law: justice. These are the things you should have practiced. (But how did they testify against themselves? It almost seems from the preceding verse that they dissociated themselves from their fathers who killed the prophets. Cf. First. the things you say and do. you hypocrites! You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous. The gnat.) 27“How terrible it will be for you. without neglecting the others. mercy. and thus. 24You blind guides! You filter out a gnat. you testify against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. so that a stranger would not inadvertently stumble upon a grave which would ceremonially make you unclean. scribes and Pharisees. 30Then you say. you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs that look beautiful on the outside but inside are full of dead people‟s bones and every kind of impurity. they were plotting His death. cruelty. not be able to celebrate Passover.
This Zechariah is one of the minor prophets. the triumph of all history. Abel to Zechariah the son of Berechiah would make a much better sweep of the OT period than would the period from Abel to Zechariah the son of Jehoiada. it would not be too difficult to imagine two Zechariahs dying from similar circumstances. the tragedy of all history.) 33You snakes. 37-39 summarizes all of history in three parts: 1. and his father is listed as Berechiah.D.C. If one thinks Christ referred to this Zechariah. Gen 4:8. Love can be firm. then burned the city. it is good to ponder the example of Jesus. whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. and some of them you will whip in your synagogues and persecute from town to town. you children of serpents! How can you escape being condemned to hell? (Can Incarnate Love speak such scathing words? Yes. which extended to 400 B. Some of them you will kill and crucify. capable of no emotion but love. but you were unwilling! (v. and must always be just.) 36I tell all of you with certainty. Since many Zechariahs are mentioned in the OT.) 35As a result. The Romans killed well over a million Jews during the siege. In an ecumenical age when some evangelical Christians are joining forces with avowed enemies of the cross of Christ. because true love must also be righteous and holy. in A. is unbiblical. died about 800 B. you will be held accountable for all the righteous blood shed on earth. and drove almost 100. who kills the prophets and stones to death those who have been sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings. 70. (Cf.000 Jews into captivity. Zechariah: slain between the porch and the altar. He would be the most likely candidate because the other Zechariah.C.‖ And they have been taking the consequences ever since A. all these things will happen to those living today. the purpose of all history. (―I‖: Jesus is doing the sending of the prophets.) 34“That is why I am sending you prophets. 70. Isaiah: sawed asunder. Cf Zech 1:1.Matthew been committed as God can possibly stand. wise men. It is solemn to remember that these words of condemnation were hurled at religious leaders.) Jesus Rebukes Jerusalem (Luke 13:34-35) 37“O Jerusalem. not at drunkards and reprobates. from the blood of the righteous Abel to the blood of Berechiah‟s son Zechariah. and scribes. Jerusalem. The popular conception of Jesus as an innocuous reformer. son of Jehoiada. ―But you were unwilling‖: The . Jeremiah: imprisoned in filthy dungeon. 2. 3.D. The Zechariah referred to has to be the son of Berechiah. Did Jesus make a mistake in referring to Zechariah the son of Jehoiada rather than to Zechariah the son of Berechiah? See 2 Chr 24:20-21.” (The horrendous slaughter and destruction of Jerusalem took place less than 40 years later. But then you must take the consequences. The purpose of all history: that God might gather His children together. then the time span from Abel to this Zechariah would not cover the OT period.
D. He has just gotten through denouncing the leadership of Judaism . Revolutions. Cf. (―Jesus left the Temple‖: This movement is especially significant in view of the words He had just uttered in Mat 23:38. Luke 21:5-6) 1As Jesus left the Temple and was walking away. the prophecy was very literally fulfilled. This prophecy had to strike them as being extremely unlikely. the Temple would never go away.” (These men would very likely think that although things may change. One of the wonders of the world. Primarily the house here is the temple. there isn‟t a single stone here that will be left standing on top of another. The theme of Matthew can be seen in these verses … v. Ps 118:26.) 39I tell you. Zech 12:10. In Jewish reckoning there is no mourning as bitter as that for an only son.600. they sowed it with salt‖. but may also include the city of Jerusalem and the nation itself. so the Roman soldiers to recover the enormous wealth of gold. The next time the inhabitants of Jerusalem would see Him after His death would be when they would look on Him whom they pierced and mourn for Him as one mourns for an only son. Don‘t confuse the Temple with the Temple Mount. The triumph of all history = the coming of the Lord Jesus. The Temple at that time was spectacular. They will all be torn down. his disciples came up to him to point out to him the Temple buildings. and since it had already been sown with its defenders‘ blood. They lay siege to Jerusalem and level it. The first few verses have to do with the Temple. The context is intensely Jewish. They left probably through the Golden Gate on the eastern edge of the Temple Mount.Matthew tragedy of all history. ―Temple buildings‖: These were the pride of every Jew. which is still there. dismantle the Temple stone by stone. They set fire to the Temple.) 38Look! Your house is left abandoned! (See Mat 24:1-2. Thus. you will not see me again until you say. 37-39. 70: ―They carried away every stone of the sacred temple. Famines. the eight Woes of Chapter 23.) 2But he told them.) Cults. partially in a frenzied search for every last piece of the gold ornamentation melted in the awful heat of the fire. their background is in Judaism. the retaining wall.000 inhabitants. not one stone was left upon another of the Temple. and Earthquakes . don‟t you? I tell all of you with certainty. slaughtering 1. Historian Josephus wrote of the temple‘s destruction by Romans in A. „How blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!‟” (―until‖: Logical linkage. and the best view of the Temple is from the Mount of Olives. which causes the gold to melt.) Matthew 24 Jesus Predicts the Destruction of the Temple (Mark 13:1-2. A rabbi talking to His 12 Jewish disciples. which is to occur 38 years later by Titus Vespasian and four Roman Legions. “You see all these things. He is obviously prophesying about the destruction of Jerusalem. They then plowed the ground level.
The end of the age is not the end of the world. Which is remarkable when you realize that they haven‘t really understood that He is going to leave yet. on the Mount of Olives. They wanted the inside. There is only one way to avoid being trapped by enticing doctrines. Luke 21:8-11. Jesus had been asked for a sign that would alert them that the great Temple building was about to be destroyed. Note that this discussion was NOT open to the public. only your walk with the Lord and guidance by the Spirit in the Word of God. (The Lord again warns His followers. when will these things take place. about which He has just told them. Christ was approached twice that day by His disciples concerning some amazing statements He had just made.) 4Jesus answered them.Matthew (Mark 13:3-13. Perhaps in Gethsemane. full story. the disciples came to him privately and said. James. Several historians. As He stood before the Temple. In front of the Temple.D. Now. John. yet things do change radically at this point. these four disciples approached Him to ask for more details concerning His brief mention of His second coming. It was at this location that four of Jesus‘ disciples – Peter. John and Andrew were sufficiently interested to question Jesus abouth His startling statements in front of the Temple. which took place in A. He is asked for a sign that would alert them concerning the end of the age and of His returning in power and great glory. the people listening had asked Jesus what would alert them of the impending destruction of the Temple. Luke 21:25-28. and Andrew – asked Him privately to explain more fully what He had said in front of the Temple. The world doesn‘t end there. 70. his strategy in achieving them is to deal in counterfeits. Satan is attractive in his ability to weave enticing doctrines. „I‟m the Messiah. Luke 21:7-19) 3While Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives. While Satan has many goals. Jesus dealt with the subject of the destruction of Jerusalem. also adding some details about His second coming.) 5because many will come in my name and say.‟ and they will deceive many people. it appears that Christ gave the prophecy recorded there. He sat down. According to Luke 21:7. At the Temple. They finally realized that the Lord is going to return. In fact it appears that it was not even a discussion where all 12 were present! It is a very intimate private insight that Jesus will share with them. Afterward. having reached the top of the Mount of Olives. Luke 21:6-7. to all who were standing near Him outside the Temple. He answered their question in Luke 21:12-24. No hope in intellect or head knowledge. wrote that there arose a number of imposters claiming to be the Messiah between the time of Christ‘s . when Christ had left the Temple and was on His way to Bethany. “See to it that no one deceives you. and that is by the power of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God. Luke 21:7. including Josephus. James. and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” (Mark 13:3 reveals that only Peter. 25-32. remember Acts 17:11. “Tell us. an olive grove at the base of the Mount of Olives. Whose primary mission involves deceiving? Satan. but rather the consummation of the age. (How do you prevent someone from deceiving you? You stay in the Word. as He had in front of the Temple. of possible deception. Or perhaps they were higher on the peak where they could really see the city. Now.
And today. but increasingly so in the present day. a double fulfilment of this prophecy. there are many men claiming to be Jesus Christ. Earthquakes not only took their toll but have occurred with increasing frequency thruout the world from that time until now. Those phenomena would be: 1. Before the war had ended. There have been earthquakes in the past. Israel will one day be born spiritually as a nation. and Evangelism . (―kingdom‖ is a group of nations. Kingdoms rising against kingdoms 3. Never before had so many nations risen up against other nations and kingdoms against other kingdoms – all involved in the same war. at the return of Christ … cf Isaiah 66:7-9 … but in 1948 she came to full birth as a nation in modern times. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. Apostasy. increase in intensity and increase in frequency.Matthew resurrection and the destruction of Jerusalem. their numbers will continue to increase. is to be expected. as is true of many other prophecies. Even though false Christs arose in that era. and kingdom against kingdom.” (Jesus now tells His followers how they could discern when the world was actually entering into the beginning of the birth pains that would bring about the rebirth of Israel and ultimately the establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth. as the end is fast approaching. however. It was a vastly greater conflict than had ever before been waged on earth. then. Wars between nations. Hostilities between the two countries over this incident resulted in Austria declaring war on Serbia one month later. to be awaiting a specific time during which all of these phenomena would be in evidence at the same time. 43 of the principle nations of the world had entered the conflict. History has recorded famines at various times. Many nations rising up against many other nations 2. 7because nation will rise up in arms against nation. See to it that you aren‟t alarmed. No doubt. It was during World War 1 that the wheels were set in motion to bring about the rebirth of Israel as a nation. Earthquakes in various places. was evidently the beginning of the birth pains that would give rebirth to Israel and eventually give birth to God‘s Kingdom on earth. These things must take place. Labor pains begin slowly. four years later.) Future Persecution. but in World War 1 there were tens of millions in uniform. The first such time in world history occurred during the years of World War 1 … 1914-1918… and immediately following. Widespread famine in many areas followed World War 1.) 6You‟ll hear of wars and rumors of wars. Famines 4. Jesus tells His disciples. or even between kingdoms. hundreds of thousands had been involved. Shortly after this the nations and kingdoms of the world chose sides and entered the war. In other conflicts. This was nation against nation. but the end hasn‟t come yet. Some of the people were deceived by these men. World War 1. as well. World War 1 broke out when the heir apparent to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian zealot.) 8But all these things are only the beginning of the birth pains. is and has been a common occurrence. The approach of the end of the age would see several phenomena on the earth occurring at the same time.
) 10Then many people will fall away. and will hate one another. to tell of their final persecution in the end time. This verse is another example of the twos of the Bible. (This means. But following the beginning of World War 1. and especially during the first 300 years following His crucifixion and resurrection. 11:32-35. And when he has finally succeeded in conquering them. anointed and blessed by God – the coming King of all the earth. was preached to all the then-known-world by the time of the destruction of Jerusalem in A. however. 12:7b. followers of Jesus are likely to be martyred by the hundreds of thousands and by the millions in days to come. because you believe and are living all that My name. Revelation 19:11-21.D. in Revelation 3:16. our Lord‘s prophecy that they will deceive many is also coming true. the Lord prophesied imminent persecution for His followers. and you believe Me to be the Christ. false cults and false prophets are literally flooding the land and the world in a greater than ever tide. and you‟ll be hated by all the nations because of my name. (This passage puts endurance as a requirement for salvation! Matthew 10:22) 14And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the world as a testimony to all nations.Matthew (Mark 13:9-13. Daniel 7:20-22. implies. A reading of these Scriptures will reveal that Antichrist will wage war against all true followers of the Lord when he comes on the scene. Here He goes beyond their immediate future. Today. Once again. at that time. Multiplied thousands upon thousands were martyred during those years. the meaning of the name Jesus. Included among the false prophets are those preachers who are preaching an easy way to Heaven – which will not get you there! Sadly. Luke 21:12-19) 9“Then they‟ll hand you over to suffer and will kill you. In addition to being hated. But your resurrection to eternal life will be worth being hated and killed a million times over for your Lord and Savior. then the Lord will return and send him to his place. Revelation 13:7. You are obeying Me as your Lord. the Lord won‘t look you over for degrees but for s cars. See also Mark 13:9-13. This last attack on Christians would correspond to the beginning of the birth pains. will betray one another. In the days ahead.) 12and because lawlessness will increase. Acts 16:31. It costs something to be a Christian. (See God‘s warning to such in. The word ―then‖ means. there have already been more martyrs of the Christian faith that the total of all previous Christian martyrs. and thruout the centuries. it may very likely cost you tribulation and death. the Lord Jesus Christ. the love of many people will grow cold. 25.) 13But the person who endures to the end will be saved. But the end is not yet.” (The Great News about salvation thru Jesus Christ. as recorded in Luke 21:12-19. When you get to Heaven. and then the end will come. It has been rightly said. the One chosen. Christians have been persecuted since the time of Christ. 11Many false prophets will appear and deceive many people. In His discourse in front of the Temple. (There have been false prophets from the beginning of the early Church. at the time of the beginning of the birth pains. 8:24. you are trusting Me as your Savior. No doubt their number will continue to increase. and about His Kingdom. The time is coming when every true Christian thruout the world will be a marked person. 70. .
20:4. this parenthetical statement may have also been uttered by Jesus. The Gospel is again going forth thruout the whole world with emphasis on the Kingdom message – that Christ must be made Lord and King in one‘s life. Dan 9:27. We do read of an idol in reference to Antichrist in Revelation 13:14-15. Reference is made to this idol image more than once. The meaning of the words ―destructive desecration‖ have been obscure and not really understood thruout the centuries. personal witness. The Jews will have built their Temple in Jerusalem by this time. mentioned by the prophet Daniel. In 168 B. From Daniel 8:11-14. pretending to come peacefully. then the end will come. Concerning the understanding of these things in the last days. television. the insightful will understand. That day is fast approaching. 11:31. and may prepare to heed our Lord‘s strong warning to flee to the hills when the desecration of the altar takes place and the abominable thing is erected in its place. 16:2. Be sure to read Zechariah 14:1-7 in regard to this. Be sure to read Daniel 8:11-14 in connection with this. Nevertheless. Antiochus Epiphanes sent General Appollonius with 22. he will break this treaty and cause his abominable image to stand in the Temple area in Jerusalem to be worshiped.) Signs of the End (Mark 13:14-23. Here He authenticates the book of Daniel being written by no other than Daniel and notes that Daniel was a prophet! From these verses in Daniel and from Revelation 11:1-2. Daniel 11:31. so that believing Jews in Israel may know what to expect. as the present age is ending. 12:11. and then attacked and plundered the city. They then desecrated the altar of burnt offerings by building an altar dedicated to Zeus upon it.000 soldiers to Jerusalem. we have the prophecy that the Antichrist will make a 7-year pact with many. we discover that evidently what this ―destructive desecration‖ refers to is that when Antichrist turns against the Jews in Jerusalem … Isaiah 33:7-9 … in the middle of his 7-year treaty. . But the time is now near at hand for the fulfilment of this ―destructive desecration‖ and the Lord is making known to His people the true meaning of what will actually occur. and killing and offering pigs upon their altar. and the practice of sacrificing animals on the altar will have commenced again. our Lord told Daniel “And none of the wicked will understand. 15:2. and many other modern means. 19:20. 12:11. In the middle of the 7-year period. radio. and the Great News about the coming new and wonderful Kingdom of our Lord on earth. as the Gospel is now being broadcast world-wide by preaching. After the Gospel of the Kingdom has been proclaimed world-wide. the printed page.C.Matthew however. (Cf. Mark 13:14. No one is beyond the reach of God to present the gospel to them. standing in the Holy Place (let the reader take note). he will blast the altar of sacrifice out of the way and cause his image to stand there in its place. ‖ Cf Daniel 12:10. ―The insightful‖ refers to the true followers of Christ. Luke 21:20-24) 15“So when you see the destructive desecration. this prophecy of Jesus is being fulfilled – this time on a much larger scale. See Revelation 14:9-11. Revelation 13:14-15.
(Jews living in Judea at this time are hereby warned by our Lord that when this happening is announced by radio.) 19“How terrible it will be for women who are pregnant or who are nursing babies in those days! (A logistic problem. From the time of the destruction in Jerusalem until Jesus returns in power and glory to rule over this world as King of kings and Lord of lords. A Sabbath day's journey would not be enough to take them out of the danger area. For other Scriptures concerning Israel‘s flight into the wilderness in Jordan see Isaiah 26:20 -21. 44:1-7. Any person within a house is not to go to another part of the same house to take a single thing with him. those in Judea are to leave urgently! Time spent in gathering belongings might mean the difference between life and death.‖: How would one see this abomination without actually being in the Holy of Holies? Only the High Priest was allowed in the Holy of Holies and only once a year after extensive ceremonies! Perhaps implying live television?) 16then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains. (Only a problem if you are Jewish. 41:10-20.. Revelation 12:1-6. But Jesus said here that the primary fulfilment of Daniel‘s prophecy is yet future. Micah 5:3. Mark 13:14-23. Hosea 2:14-15. Even in such cases. The destruction coming upon Israel at that time will be sudden and terrible. faithful and immediate heed to the Lord‘s warning to flee the country will no doubt ensure escape.) 17Anyone who‟s on the housetop must not come down to get what is in his house. 33:2-3. See verses 21-22. ―When you see. Ezekiel 20:35-38. Not even to pack your bags. (The housetop is typically a patio. (This passage is addressed to those living in Judea. and to also pray that it not be on the Sabbath day when the orthodox Jew is allowed to travel less than a mile. 12:10.) 18and anyone who‟s in the field must not turn back to get his coat. Only those who flee absolutely immediately will escape. Our Lord‘s warning here indicates that it is only those who flee immediately and directly who will escape.Matthew A statue of Zeus was also erected in the Temple area. 14:3-7. approximately 3½ years will pass. Luke 17:26-37. Only those few who are willing to drop everything and flee according to the Lord‘s instructions will be saved.) 21because at that time there will be great suffering. But these will be 3½ years of the most terrifying tribulation the world has ever known. Let the people of Israel take notice! The Lord encourages you to pray that this hour of flight will not come during the winter when the weather would make the escape most difficult. Their refusal to bow to the image would be quickly detected. 13-17.) 20Pray that it may not be in winter or on a Sabbath when you flee. Only a small portion of the Jews will escape. This flight from Judea and Jerusalem will be particularly difficult for women with children and for any woman who is about to give birth to a child. or seen on television…the altar removed and the image of the Antichrist erected… they are to flee out of the country without stopping for anything. Anyone going back to the house to assist others or to save any material thing will no doubt lose his life.. Those in the fields are to head for the mountains without returning home. Zechariah 10:11. Jeremiah 30:4-9. everyone will be prepared. the kind that hasn‟t happened from the beginning of the world until now and certainly . It would be wise for believing families in Israel to discuss flight plans ahead of time so that when this terrible event occurs. however. 13:8-9.
Elect is protected: 1 John 2:20. 27because just as the lightning comes from the east and flashes as far as the west. public. The elect are all the chosen of God. This prophecy could not have been fulfilled by any previous persecutions because it is clearly stated that it will be ended by the Second Coming of Christ. if anyone says to you. as He warned about them in front of the Temple. secret Coming. And if they say. God will evidently curtail the frightful devastation and slaughter on the earth in some way so that mankind is not completely blotted from the face of the earth. at the beginning of this discourse. earthquake. I‟ve told you this beforehand. even the elect. pogroms. so will be the coming of the Son of Man. Events will not be allowed to run their natural course. Though it is unlikely that the period of 3½ years will be shortened. They are those persons who truly love Him. (Christ showed His deep concern about false Christs. though not many. (This description isolates the period from all the inquisitions. Rather. will appear. He has already determined that this time will be a short time. 26So if they say to you. there would be no life left on earth. no matter how convincing his arguments or the display of signs and wonders. that unless that time were limited. and genocides of history. Christ ill not appear in resurrected form until after the time of darkness. whether Jew or Gentile. reports will circulate that the Messiah is in some secret location. „Look! He‟s in the wilderness. ―If possible. don‟t believe it. massacres. that His second coming will be neither secret nor humble. purges. and now again.) 23“At that time. Cf 2 Thess 2:9-10. or everyone on earth would be killed. Jesus definitely states. even the elect‖ implies that it is not possible. no one would survive. a second time. As previously stated. Christ's Coming will be unmistakable—it will be sudden.‟ don‟t believe it. the glory and brightness of His person and power will be seen from one end of the heavens to the other. and now again. The Man of Sin will be given satanic power to perform miracles. You will not be able to miss His Coming if you tried. But for the sake of the elect. because they will perform great signs and wonders.Matthew won‟t ever happen again. Christ will not come in hiding. and glorious. God will show this mercy for the sake of His elect. false Christs appeared a few years after Christ‘s resurrection.) 25Remember. Such reports could be used to trap those who sincerely and lovingly look for Christ. those days will be limited. Those who are alive on earth during the coming days of sorrow need to be warned again and again to believe no one who claims to be Christ. if possible.) 24because false messiahs and false prophets will appear and display great signs and wonders to deceive.‟ don‟t go out looking for him. „Look! He‟s in the storeroom. (They will do miracles. and this time given power by him. miracles can be satanic in origin. (The tribulation will be so devastating. (In an atmosphere of crisis. and obey and serve Him. false Christs. with so much loss of life. „Look! Here‟s the Messiah!‟ or „There he is!‟.) 22If those days hadn‟t been limited. Daniel 12:11-12 … which is to follow the Battle . only by the grace of God. however. They will evidently be inspired by Satan. and fire … evidently 45 days. These signs and wonders will be so convincing that even the elect will almost be fooled. many of them. So the Lord warns all disciples not to believe reports of a local. universal. Even those who perform miracles are not necessarily from God. In God‘s future plans.
and they‟ll gather his elect . the Messiah. The meek and lowly Jesus will appear as the Lord Himself. he states: ―Blessed is the one who perseveres and attains to the 1. Zech 2:10-13. „The sun will be darkened. viewing as well this world age in its death throes. 34:4. But what a frightful day of consternation and woe that day will be for the ungodly! Revelation 6:15-17. Revelation 6 gives an overview of end-time happenings.) 31He‟ll send out his angels with a loud trumpet blast. What a great and glorious day that will be when Christ comes to earth in His majestic display of power and great glory to receive His Kingdom! What a wonderful moment! The One who was spit upon and crucified will be vindicated as the Lord of life and glory. His chariots will be the clouds of heaven. Then in the very next verse. It is very possible that this darkness and the other judgments here will affect the earth and the heavens for a period of some 45 days following Armageddon. before Christ appers in the heavens. Acts 1:9-11.335 days!‖ That is 45 days later. and the powers of heaven will be shaken loose. And when these human vultures see Israel in distress and tribulation. the stars will fall from the sky. Cf. Satan is the Prince of the Power of the Air. 21. 2 Pet 2:4. the moon will not give its light. Luke 21:25-28) 29“Immediately after the troubles of those days. All the people on earth will mourn. Mat 26:64. because only those who have refused Christ as Savior and refused Him the lordship of their lives will be left on earth. Joel 2:10. See Isa 40:5. See the following verses 29-31. 3:16. ―Powers of Heaven . spoiled= Col 2:15. (This verse has nothing to do with the Battle of Armageddon. Isa 13:9-14. Mar 13:24-26. may continue for a longer period than most Bible students have previously believed. and all „the tribes of the land will mourn‟ when they see „the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven‟ with power and great glory. 12. Rev 1:7-8. So this judgment of darkness.. Daniel 12:11 gives us 1. (Cf. The despised Carpenter of Nazareth will come as King of kings and Lord of lords. The sacrificial Lamb will descend as the conquering Lion. Haggai 2:6. they will go to any lengths in their attempt to further their own self interests. These are human vultures.) 28Wherever there‟s a corpse. there the vultures will gather.. All others by this moment will have been raptured to be with Christ. verse 12. 9-11. as many believe. Dan 7:13-14.) 30Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky.) The Coming of the Son of Man (Mark 13:24-27. ―The stars will fall from the sky‖ may refer to meteorites crashing into the earth in horrendous judgment. Luk 21:27. etc. Hebrews 12:26. even to pretending to be Christ.‟ (Refer to Revelation 6:12-17 for a vivid description of what will take place immediately after the tribulation and the Battle of Armageddon.290 days for the time of the tribulation. and verses 12-17 reveal what will take place at this momentous time in history.shaken‖: Eph 6:12. 19:11-16. He will come in regal power and splendor—the moment for which creation has groaned for thousands of years.Matthew of Armageddon. Zech 12:10.
earthquakes. or shortly thereafter. if the 1st possibility were correct. Whether or not the sound of the trumpet will be a literal sound upon earth is not revealed. And this is the last trumpet prophesied to sound during the age of grace. The proponents of a mid-tribulation Rapture point out correctly that the 7th trumpet begins to blow in the middle of the last 7 years of the age. The last trumpet mentioned in the book of Revelation is the 7th trumpet which brings forth the 7 vials of the wrath of God upon the earth. Revelation 6:12-14. the last 3½ years of this seven will be the time of God‘s judgment upon the ungodly on the earth. because it is definitely called ―the last trumpet‖. This will herald the beginning of the reign of the Son of God upon earth as King of kings and Lord of lords! Being that both Christ and the Apostle Paul state that it is at this time that the Rapture will take place. According to this Scripture. This 7th trumpet will very likely continue to blow – at least in Heaven – for 3½ years. 15:1. and fire from Heaven. of course. Others believe the Lord will take His own from the earth near the middle of the last 7 years of the age. 2 Thessalonians 1:8. It will be a time of tribulation for the nation of Israel. why would anyone expect it to happen before? Many Christians believe that Christ will have taken His own people to be with Himself before the Great Tribulation. Those who say that the Rapture of the Church will occur in the middle of the 7 years believe the Church will be raptured when this last trumpet begins to blow. but a time of great joy and triumph for those who in all sincerity have surrendered their lives to Christ as their Lord and Savior. or at least thru the 1st part of it. have some very convincing Scriptures to support their views. This is indeed the last blast of the 7th trumpet. or just previous to that battle. It would be easiest. from one end of heaven to another. during the Battle of Armageddon – and following this battle. Still others believe this great event will not take place until Christ returns in power and glory at the Battle of Armageddon. Cf Rev 11:15.Matthew from the four winds. and especially at the very end. however. the Rapture will take place at the sound of the last trumpet. Matthew 24:29. during the time of darkness. or shortly thereafter. One of the Scriptures used in support of their contention is 1 Corinthians 15:51-53.” (The Apostle Paul refers to this time in 1 Corinthians 15:51-52 when he refers to the Rapture of the Church taking place at the sounding of the last trumpet. which period is known as the 7 years of the Great Tribulation. Paul also refers to this time in 1 Thessalonians 4:15-18 and 2 Thessalonians 1:7. great hailstones. But also. then there must be a trumpet blast which will follow. the only remaining possibility concerning the timing of the Rapture would be its occurrence after the end of . The more severe part of the Tribulation will occur during the last 3½ years. and for all upon earth at that time who are true believers in Christ. It will be a time of frightful judgment for those still upon the earth. 2 Peter 3:1012. The mid and post-tribulationists point out that if the last trumpet spoken of in 1 Corinthians is not the 7th and last trumpet of Revelation. that we read about in Revelation 11:15-17 and 1 Corinthians 15:51-52. 5 to 16:21. Then there are those who believe that Christ will not call His own to Himself until the moment described in verses 30-31. If there should be a trumpet to follow the 7th trumpet of Revelation. How much better to be with the Lord than to go thru the Great Tribulation! Those who believe that Christians will go thru the Tribulation. or immediately after.
when people see these prophecies of Jesus beginning to take place. because God‘s time for you to leave this life may be as soon as today! But after all is said about the possibilities. for the Temple to be desecrated it must be consecrated. ―and all the trees‖. this generation won‟t disappear until these things happen. (It refers to the whole discussion about His Coming. So be absolutely sure that you are truly born again. proponents support their view with such Scriptures as 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10. This is a very strong Scripture in their favor. when you see all these things.g. If this is what the verse means then it is being redundant as He has already noted that the Jews have to be around to fulfill these prophecies: e. God‘s chosen ones. people the world over will be included in this great event. 36-40. right at the door. you‟ll know that the Son of Man is near. he knows that summer is close at hand. you know that summer is near. Also. we dare not believe in a post-tribulation Rapture of Christ‘s true Church. Returning to verse 31 in Matthew 24. at Armageddon..) 34I tell all of you with certainty. (Many claim that the fig tree here is symbolic of the Jewish nation. We can hope to be with the Lord during the time of Great Tribulation on earth. 33In the same way. When one sees the trees of the forest and field putting forth leaves. and are ready to go to be with Him. When its branches become tender and it produces leaves. in which case we must make sure that we truly love. But the time of the Rapture is not the all-important thing – getting right with God and being truly born again is what really matters.Matthew the 7 years of the tribulation period.) The Lesson from the Fig Tree (Mark 13:28-31. Every true Christian still living upon the earth will be caught up to be with the Lord. obey. Jesus' statement was simply a matter of everyday understanding. if such be His will. But such an interpretation fails in light of the fact that Luke 21:29 adds. thereby must be observant Jews. and that it is then that ―his angels will gather his elect‖. and then as described in verse 31. we must be ready and willing to suffer and die the martyr‘s death for the sake of our Lord. the last trumpet. they can know that the time of His coming is . Every true child of God who has died since the beginning of time will be resurrected. Cf Mat 13:24-30. Likewise. Luke 21:29-33) 32“Now learn a lesson from the fig tree. As to a possible Rapture of the Church before the Tribulation. The evil will be harvested first. Christ so plainly said in Matthew 24:29-31 that ―immediately after the troubles of those days‖ there will be ―a loud trumpet blast‖. the angels will gather the good grain. and in the judgments that follow. Another Scripture the mid and post-tribulation rapturists use is 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12. The parable of the good grain and tares … Mat 13:30 … will thus be fulfilled. and serve Him. even today. and use that as an excuse to put off getting right with the Lord until the Tribulation begins. proving that we are truly born again. On the other hand. Remember that this whole discourse is in response to His disciples‘ question. and especially if we are to go thru the Tribulation.
will positively not pass away. these words of His in this prophecy. nor the Son. still living today. see also Dan 7:25. will endure. but only the Father. Rev 12:14. because He has given us all kinds of signs and indications to look for which will indicate that the time is drawing near. They will know. The only possible conclusion is that this generation refers to the generation living when these end time happenings begin to happen. But He does state that nobody but the Father knows the day or the hour when He will return. that it will be approximately three and one-half years after the idol image is set up in the temple. and thruout the Bible.) 37because just as it was in the days of Noah. that was born when the birth pangs of the end of the age began. will positively not pass away before all of these things have taken place. they are finite creatures with limited knowledge. realize that the end is near. While those living prior to Christ's return will not know its day or hour. for instance. Dan 12:7. It will be so imminent that this generation. (Our Lord does not tell us that we will not know the approximate time of His coming. We are not surprised that angels do not know. it seems that those familiar with the prophecy may be able to know the year. These are the ones who will see the final events that will lead up to the return of Christ.Matthew near.” (These things are so certain to come to pass that our Lord declares that even though it is true that the heavens and the earth will in time pass away. We believe it is this generation that witnessed the beginning of the end. He was referring to the stellar and atmospheric heavens—the blue firmament above us—not to that heaven which is the dwelling place of God. living at the time when these things begin to come to pass. Cf Dan 9:27.) 35Heaven and earth will disappear. Cf 2 Cor 12:2-4. but my words will never disappear. The dissolution of the heaven and the earth is described in 2 Pet 3:10-13 and mentioned again in Rev 20:11. If such is the case. See verses 7-8. Meaning the whole scenario will occur in one lifetime. Dan 12:11. It is the older generation. in fact. He says. It is today's older generation! So the end is rapidly approaching. This should warn against the temptation to set dates or to believe those who do. His words will be fulfilled to the very letter. Rev 11:2-3. so it will be when the Son of Man comes. But that generation did not live to see all of these things take place. In speaking of heaven passing away. Rev 13:5. Luke 17:20-36) 36“No one knows when that day or hour will come —not the angels in heaven. Even Christ did not know. the Sons of .) The Unknown Day and Hour of Messiah’s Return (Mark 13:32-37. the Bible. that When you see all these things beginning to happen. God is able to ensure that His written Word. the older generation of today will not die out until all things are fulfilled. According to Jesus' clear indication. Mark 13:32. right at the door. (There was indeed something very supernatural going on in the Days of Noah between the B‘nai Elohim. They certainly did not see the events that will follow the Great Tribulation. the end must be very near! Some claim that the words ―this generation‖ in v 34 refer to the generation living when Christ spoke these words.
they were unprepared. 41Two women will be grinding grain at the mill. Many people will be destroyed in these final judgments. etc. Many have believed that these verses speak of the Rapture of the Church before the Great Tribulation—the true Christian being taken from the earth and the unbeliever left. People will be eating and drinking. In other words. Revelation 6:12-17. That is just the way it will be when Christ returns. even as it did just prior to the great flood. marrying and giving in marriage right up to the day when Noah went into the ark. Though warned that a flood was coming. and the daughters of men. people were eating and drinking. following the Battle of Armageddon. On the other hand. They had unnatural offspring called ―the Fallen Ones. One will be taken. His point is that things were business as usual. and one will be left behind. (The two men in the field and the two women grinding at the mill with the one taken and the other left would appear to speak of judgment.) 38In those days before the flood. Malachi 4:1-3. It would seem. So some will be taken in death and some will be left. Cf. outside the only place of safety. Some believe that this will happen again in the end times from this and other passages. however. two people will be in the field. (In the days of Noah. Luke 17:26.) 40At that time. . Don‘t misunderstand what He is saying.27 and continuing through verse 37. even on the very day that judgment from God strikes. that the Lord is comparing wickedness in Noah's day to wickedness in the days of His coming. great hailstones. he had it sitting in his driveway for over 120 years! The ark stood as a witness to the world that a flood was coming! Jesus‘ point here is that they ignored the signs. the earth was destroyed by the great flood—God's judgment on the shocking wickedness of people upon the earth. One will be taken. Isaiah 2:2-4.Matthew God . they went through the routines of life as if they were going to live forever. while others in the same place will be spared. and one will be left behind. the strange creatures that this gave rise to is entrapped in our own myths and legends. Only those who are in Christ. (Jesus referred to Noah as an actual historical person. 2 Peter 3:5-12. the Demi-gods of ancient Greek mythology. There is nothing wrong with marrying or eating. When it came.‖ Apparently. the ark of safety. they lived as if they were flood-proof. Genesis 6-8. That‟s how it will be when the Son of Man comes. in order that the earth might be replenished during the Millennium. getting married and giving their daughters in marriage. During these days of awful judgment upon the earth. earthquake. In verses 37-39 Christ referred to the previous judgment by water. The next judgment will be by fire. See Gen 6:1-5. etc. and the Flood as a bona fide historical event.. The Lord promised in Genesis 8:20-22. It may be. God will be cleansing the earth by fire and remaking it by earthquakes. that this is a continuation of the judgment scene of the previous verses. The intervention of the occult in the end times would be consistent with this view of the days of Noah. 2 Peter 3:5-14. Noah did not just build the Ark. both preceding and following Armageddon. 9:8-17 that He would never again destroy the earth with a flood. Nahum 1:5. and compared that event with the future judgment of this world by fire. will be delivered.the Old Testament term for angels. on one hand.) 39They were unaware of what was happening until the flood came and swept all of them away. He may simply be saying that life will go on as usual.
we are expected to anticipate His Second Coming. while his Lord is absent. 1 Thess points out two distinct classes: those of the light and those of the darkness. We need to watch our lives.) 42“So keep on watching. to all who profess to know Christ as Lord and Savior. nor for his or her individual life. (The householder is actually a usurper. because the Son of Man will come at an hour you are not expecting him. etc. to make sure we are living in the will of our Lord.) 44So you. 1 Thess 5:2-4. will undoubtedly find death and judgment falling upon him before he expects it.” (These verses also speak of judgment. They will not recognize the time in which they live as being the time just previous to the end of the world as we know it today. Let's not dare to twist our Lord's words here to fit our socalled system of theology. if you are a child of the light. to catch Satan by surprise! Cf. The righteous Lord in His infinite wisdom will be quite able to choose those to be taken in death at this time and those to be left to live during the Millennium. We must be ready to meet Him now— today! The ungodly person who trusts that he has time to continue in his sinning. The resultant renovated earth will contain no more islands.) 43But be sure of this: if the owner of the house had known when during the night the thief would be coming. Just what criteria the Lord will use at this time to choose between those taken and those left is not revealed. there are degrees of wickedness and rebellion. God's call on your life will no doubt come at a time when you least expect it. and to help others to be ready.) The Faithful or the Wicked Servant (Luke 12:42-48) 45“Who. he would have stayed awake and not allowed his house to be broken into. It is evident that even this final judgment will come as a surprise to most people still living on the earth. and the mountains will be leveled as rolling hills. The warning is issued. because you don‟t know on what day your Lord is coming. It certainly appears that judgment is the theme. We have no promise of a sure tomorrow on this earth. especially verse 43. The Lord meant exactly what He said. must be ready. 5-10 tells you that He won‘t come as a surprise to you. Revelation 16:20. then. No one knows with absolute certainty God's timetable for this world. The Lord will have blinded their eyes because of their determination to continue in their sin. The thief is coming to take that which He has already purchased. Rom 11:25. too.) 47I tell all of . is the faithful and wise servant whom his master has put in charge of his household to give the others their food at the right time? 46How blessed is that servant whom his master finds doing this when he comes! (A servant lives in a state of readiness. Satan.Matthew crashing meteorites. The thief in the night is Jesus Christ! The Second Coming is the only thing not timed. Even among unbelievers. No man knows the day or the hour. The householder is the god of this world. There is urgent need to be ready for His coming at all times. before repenting. It is impossible to determine for sure the exact meaning of those taken and those left. as well. So much is at stake in so many lives. (Cf.
These are frightful warnings indeed.) 2Now five of them were foolish. Such a life has the reward now of peace of mind and real assurance of eternal life—and later—eternal rewards. The servant of the Lord who lives in sin was either never really converted in the sense of having his life changed—being truly born again—which is the only kind of conversion recognized by the Lord. they didn‟t take any oil with them. Anything less than total surrender to the Lord is not true conversion. 50that servant‟s master will come on a day when he doesn‟t expect him and at an hour that he doesn‟t know. We will do well to take most earnest heed ourselves and to shout the warnings and urge all who profess Christ as Lord and Savior to live thoroughly what they profess. The Lord promises rewards to all of His faithful servants who give His household spiritual food at the proper time. 5Since the groom was late. These prophecies of warning are just as certain of fulfillment as the prophecies of blessing. to challenge. Verse 47 indicates that the rewards for faithful service will be great indeed. Each follower of Jesus is admonished to encourage and strengthen. 51Then his master will punish him severely and assign him a place with the hypocrites.Matthew you with certainty. such an unfaithful servant will find his place with those who have openly opposed the Lord. The one who thinks he can get by for a time with sin. he will put him in charge of all his property. and full obedience to all His teachings and commands. he somehow lost out to the temptations of the flesh and the devil. the hypocrites. and with his own kind. and five were wise. the kingdom from heaven will be comparable to ten bridesmaids who took their oil lamps and went out to meet the groom.” (Some Christians. to rebuke. to give guidance and leadership to fellow Christians. all our talents and strengths to be used for His glory and the blessing and salvation of others.) Matthew 25 The Parable about the Ten Bridesmaids 1“At that time. the King. . later straightening himself out. After this life is over.) 48“But if that wicked servant says to himself. (Added opportunity implies added responsibility. The awful truth here is. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. According to Scripture. God demands our all—all our love. including some pastors. seem to have little concern for the fact that Christ may call them from this world at any moment to appear before Him. they won't make it. but as cheaply as possible. or if converted. It will pay great dividends to always watch and be ready to meet the Lord.‟ 49and begins to beat his fellow servants and eat and drink with the drunks. (The groom is Christ. will no doubt find his Lord coming for him at a time when least expected.) 4But the wise ones took flasks of oil with their lamps. 3because when the foolish ones took their lamps. His end will come suddenly. „My master has been delayed. all Christians are to be pastors to each other. (The foolish girls are a picture of those who want and expect to get to Heaven. See Mark 9:43-47. coming directly from the mouth of Jesus Himself. when he is least expecting it.
Again. the groom arrived. They were not ready to meet the groom anymore. but in the spiritual realm. were ready. God demands your whole heart. „I tell all of you with certainty. „Give us some of your oil. or are you mainly living to please yourself and certain others. „Lord. That relationship ended because of their negligence. the groom came. as he tells a different group of continuous tense evil doers: Matthew 7:21-23.) 10“While they were away buying it. They needed oil to keep their lamps burning. It's in the present tense. Apparently. Are you now.‟ (The wise ones' refusal seems selfish.) 11Later. who were thinking ahead and knew they would have to endure. because our lamps are going out!‟ (The foolish had a lamp burning for God. but the Bible does use the literary figure of buying salvation without money and without price. there was a price that needed to be paid to get that oil to keep their lamps burning as God wants. Jesus didn‘t know the foolish virgins anymore. You‟d better go to the dealers and buy some for yourselves. Is your life really pleasing to the Lord. denoting present. Of course. had already paid that price and were ready at that crucial time. I don‟t know you!‟ (―know‖: The intimate type of knowledge. ―Oil‖ = the Holy Spirit. This is a real danger which few seem to recognize. information type of knowledge. full and brimming over with love for Him. who still had a burning lamp. They alone went into the wedding banquet. even to the wise. The Lord Jesus no longer had a relationship with the 5 foolish bridesmaids as He did at an earlier time when their lamps were burning and they were ready to meet the groom. The wise. the other bridesmaids arrived and said. but it would have to be purchased. NOTE: He didn‘t say to those foolish virgins. Is the Holy Spirit in your life?) 9“But the wise ones replied. I never knew you.” (Meaning. It was not freely given. James 5:19-20. but the door was closed. instead of the Lord? Do you truly love the Lord above all else and above all others? Are you truly born again? Are you continuing in the faith? John 8:31. (The negligence of the foolish caught up with them. the foolish didn‘t have the knowledge that once the door is closed it won‘t be opened for late comers. Unlike the wise virgins. who are not ready.) 12“But he replied. at this time. Jesus‘ response to the 5 foolish bridesmaids is most revealing about the vital need of enduring. Heb 1:9. Zech 12:10. lord. Colossians 1:23. open up for us!‟ (The foolish returned. Those who were ready went with him into the wedding banquet. no one can dispense the Spirit to another. Only the wise. watch the way you live. the Holy Spirit cannot be purchased. midnight. „No! There will never be enough for us and for you. (The groom‘s delay symbolizes the period between His two Comings. It was then that the bridesmaids needed to be ready. but it was now dying out. imperative mood. 1 John 2:24. 8“But the foolish ones told the wise. Rom 8:9. Don't ever think you can get by with a half measure of spiritual interest and concern and still be welcomed into Heaven. because you don‟t know the day or the hour.) 7Then all the bridesmaids woke up and got their lamps ready. not the word for a factual. Acts 10:38. and the door was closed. keeping watch over your own soul? If . Zech 4.) 13So keep on watching.) 6But at midnight there came a shout: „The groom is here! Come out to meet him!‟ (At the darkest time of the night.Matthew all of them became sleepy and lay down. necessary action that must be continuous.
The main lesson of this parable of the ten girls is that many people who consider themselves to be Christians.Matthew you were once saved. is your lamp still burning or has it died out? Does Jesus still know you? This should be a frightful warning to many believers. and so everlasting that no suffering or pain or waiting can be counted too high a price to pay. and at once received it with joy. Both will fall into a pit —both the teacher and the one who accepts his message. but they had no root. have constant fellowship with Him. Don't allow any teaching or preaching of easy believism rob you of eternal life. Remaining faithful to the end is an absolute imperative. thru all temptations. If you have not already done so. to keep awake. from the very depths of your being. What to do? Draw near to God. Colossians 1:23. so wonderful. have a good daily visit with the Lord in prayer. How? By reading your Bible daily. it is like a man going on a trip. Jesus' warning about false teachers is very applicable today. He might long delay." Jesus ends this parable with another warning to watch. "The foolish virgins were like the seed that was sown upon the rock. Matthew 10:22. though the bridegroom might come at any moment. that there was need for daily preparation. In fact. rejections. The lamps and lights of the five foolish girls looked just like those of the wise girls. We must keep awake to everything that would divert our attention away from the Lord and away from the prize. 17In the same way. you must read what God has to say. We must have in addition a perseverance that never tires. the one who had two talents earned two more. They were lacking in perseverance. That is. So many other warnings in Scripture could be pointed out. even waiting for the Lord's coming. This is sad indeed. 15To one man he gave five talents. They heard the word.) 16“The one who received five talents went out at once and invested them and earned five more. promise the Lord this very moment. 18But the one who received one talent went off. dug a hole in the ground. "The simple and genuine meaning of the whole of this parable is just this. of constant watchfulness for His coming. no matter how long or fierce the temptations to live to please ones' self. will not make it. James 4:8. But the foolish had not made any provision to hold firm unto the end. in watchfulness. Acts 14:22. still. and obey it.) The Parable about the Talents 14“Similarly. That word ―watch‖ means to not go to sleep. until you finally stand in His glorious presence. to another two. in sickness and in health." Cf 2 Peter 1:10. Matthew 15:14. because the foolish girls were all followers of the Lord. To stay alive spiritually. Life eternal with our Lord will be so glorious. Life everlasting can only be claimed as we are found to be truly in Christ—all the way. and He will draw near to you. John Calvin once stated. Also. based on their ability. and obeying everything that God teaches you there. They were waiting for the coming of the Lord. and to another one. in a sense they were. and buried his . 24:13. that it is not enough to have a lively zeal for awhile. who called his servants and turned his money over to them. (A talent is a coin worth about a year‘s salary. They did not keep in their minds the thought that. or whatever. to be His totally. Then he went on his trip.
) 24“Then the one who had received one talent came forward and said. „Take the talent from him and give it to the man who has the ten talents.) 28Then the master said. When I returned. Come and share your master‟s joy!‟ (Two guys. Here. even what he has will be taken away from him. ) 26“His master answered him. of rejection. good and trustworthy servant! Since you‟ve been trustworthy with a small amount. „Master. I went off and hid your talent in the ground. good and trustworthy servant! Since you‟ve been trustworthy with a small amount. (This represents the Second Coming. Before His departure He calls His own servants to His side. All Christians are the Lord's . „you gave me five talents. harvesting where you haven‟t planted and gathering where you haven‟t scattered any seed. Conversely. 19“After a long time. you gave me two talents. the more they are enabled to do for Him. These servants are not rebels or ungodly men. The more they do. I would‟ve received my money back with interest. The other guys took risks. Come and share your master‟s joy!‟ 22“The one with two talents also came forward and said. See. Bible societies. different talents. Atrophy is the reward of indolence. „Master. there is no excuse for leaving money idle. ―If that's the kind of master you thought I am. more will be given. In a world like ours. the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. gospel radio programs. (This follows a fixed law in the spiritual realm.) 30Throw this useless servant into the darkness outside! In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. He also blamed his failure on his master. Christian publishing houses. the master is not agreeing with the charges against him.‟ (Incidentally.Matthew master‟s money. we lose what we don't use. we should turn them over to others who can. „Master. They are persons in the employ of the Master. But from the person who has nothing. I‟ve earned two more talents. Instead. take what‟s yours!‟ (This was the safe route. The bankers in this case may be missionaries. Rather he is saying. and he‟ll have more than enough. I knew that you were a hard man. different performance. Those who desire to be used for God's glory are given the means.‟” (Jesus pictures Himself here as a man traveling into a far country.‟ 21“His master told him.‖ The mention of the bankers in verse 27 suggests that if we cannot use our possessions for the Lord. I‟ll put you in charge of a large amount. 25Since I was afraid. 23“His master told him. all he had to show for his life was a hole in the ground!) 29because to everyone who has something. he would have received the same commendation as the others. I‟ve earned five more talents. See.) 27Then you should‟ve invested my money with the bankers. etc. „Well done. „Well done. ―Since I was afraid‖: Afraid of failure. of being hurt in some way. in verse 26. not excuse you. See Revelation 21:8. (If this man had earned one talent with his talent. I‟ll put you in charge of a large amount. all the more reason to have put the talent to work.‟ he said.) 20The one who had received five talents came up and brought five more talents. „You evil and lazy servant! So you knew that I harvested where I haven‟t planted and gathered where I haven‟t scattered any seed? (―lazy‖ means failure to act energetically. Your words condemn.
as well as to your fellow Christians and the unsaved. When a person is . In the second place. If you can use that one talent in such a way that it will be a great blessing and joy to your Lord. What joy to be found among the number who have been faithful in serving the Lord in the home. you can stand before the Lord with confidence. But for the one who has been slothful. Remember. this servant had not abused or misused his talent. To some. the church. And your Master will reward you with a large place of opportunity. the factory. 24:51. A Christian can witness to the lost simply by opening his mouth and asking. and joy in His Kingdom. or that faith is counterfeit. opportunities. God has given various gifts and opportunities to every servant. that they might obey Him. Others have lesser abilities or financial means. he had simply not put it to work for his master. to such it will be a day of frightful awakening. It's a joy to think of the two servants here who were found faithful. We would rather not think that any such thing could happen to one of the Lord's own servants. as his master had ordered him. On the other hand. rejoicing that it is our privilege to be in His presence by this means for now. this was not a hypocrite.Matthew servants. and every other means at hand for the furtherance of His message of salvation to a lost world. He expects each servant to use these talents. somewhere. constantly giving excuses for not having served the Lord with zeal. Every Christian also has opportunity to take his stand for the Lord in various situations." So said one of God's servants of the 19th century. you would have to call him a hypocrite of some sort. No. the school. and later on to see Him face to face. Most Christians can read and study God's Word. our Lord created us for fellowship and communion with Himself. God has entrusted great natural capabilities or financial means. It would appear that the person to whom God has given only one talent has the greatest opportunity of all to show himself faithful to his Lord. seeking to know the Master's will. 2 Corinthians 5:10. good works in obedience to the Lord's commands must accompany faith. It would be profitable for whoever names the name of Christ as Lord and Savior to give very serious consideration to our Lord's prophecy here concerning His servants. His reference for the statement was this very Scripture. He was just slothful and fearful. and happiness. the neighborhood. and wherever else the opportunity has been afforded! But the task of calling attention to the unfaithful servant is not a pleasant one. We see that his final end is to be thrown into outer darkness. at least. We would rather not speak of him. It will be a time of great rejoicing for those who have been faithful. Let no one say that he cannot do anything for the Lord. And from this parable we are forewarned that this appearing will be a most serious matter. and were commended by their master and welcomed into His presence to great responsibilities. material means. Whether limited to one talent or granted a large number of talents. "Are you planning on making it to Heaven?" The response to that question will give you the clue as to what to say next. and meets with similar punishment. serious responsibilities. and we all have unending. "Spiritual indolence or inaction is as serious a sin as active wickedness. the office. There is no learning how to witness unless a person starts somehow. responsibility. as such. We can bring joy to our Lord by the times we spend with Him in prayer and praise. all servants will appear before the judgment seat of Christ. open doors. Though we are not saved by our works.
If you are a one-talent person. Don't rely on what you've done in the past. if they had invested and used their talents selfishly. But in the first place. Christ says we must be faithful to the end. And according to Christ's teaching here. But from the beginning God demanded obedience. oh. Romans 2:6-9. but in everything! In regard to the necessity of obedience to Christ if you are to be saved. The person with only one talent is not to be jealous of the person with many. opportunities. and few talents to others. Most of those orders are to be found in His message. 6:16. the servant is quite willing and anxious to take orders from Him. May the day of His appearing be a crowning day for you. O. Now you can be forgiven. But the New Testament teaches thruout that after being forgiven you are now to become obedient—not only in a few things. And the one with many talents is not to look down on the person with only one talent. to die on the cross for your sins and mine. Jesus is Lord in that life. Those with the five and the two talents in this parable would surely have been punished comparably to the unfaithful servant with the one talent. instead of for the glory of God and for the blessing of our fellowmen. money. don't count on Heaven if you are living at ease and are unfaithful to your responsibilities and opportunities. when such ultragreat rewards are obtainable?" Each person has at least one talent. and therefore lost! They need to know what you know about Christ and His teachings. and whatever other blessings we have or will have in life. look up and read Acts 5:32. In God's wisdom. Jesus. 10:9-10. because of what Christ has done for you. . When He is actually Lord. He sent His Son. The unfaithful servant is seen in the many who want and expect to go to Heaven. without concern about the great needs everywhere that could use their involvement. "With the end results promised. But. The whole world is in rebellion against God. But if you are faithful to the end. or as surely as you now live. the joy there will be for all who have invested their time and talents wisely and faithfully for the glory of God. and for His own good reasons and purposes. Does this mean you gain Heaven by good works? No. you will receive the judgment Christ warns of here. you will receive a reward similar to those who have faithfully served with many talents. If it's easy and pleasant. God may be giving you a more difficult test with your one talent than those who have many. According to this teaching by Christ. There will be the temptation to use one's many talents for personal gain. And when man sinned by disobeying God. you may be tempted to believe that your little help is not important. or had hidden them in fear.K. They consist of abilities. God has entrusted to every one of us certain talents. A person with lesser abilities and opportunities will never know what an impact he can make for God in this world unless he diligently uses the little he now has. are you working now as one ought to work.Matthew honestly born again. what you make of what God has given you is very important to Him. The person with many talents will have much more for which he will be held accountable to God at The Judgment than the person with only one talent. Hebrews 5:9. But they love their ease and their freedom to do just what they want to do. Don't fail the test. in serving to the extent of your abilities and opportunities. but they will not go out of their way to serve Christ. He has given many talents to some. One may rightfully ask. Revelation 21:8. it's very important to your own future as to what you do with whatever you are and have.
36I was naked. 35because I was hungry.) 33He will put the sheep on his right but the goats on his left. into outer darkness. God gives the same warning to cowards today. like a shepherd separates sheep from goats. (This is one of three major judgments in the Scripture. you did it for me. And such wickedness will be severely judged by God. Revelation 21:8. Negative evil—failing or refusing to do what Christ has commanded you to do—is just as sinful.) 41“Then he will say to those on his left. and visit you?‟ 40The king will answer them. As we see here. and you took care of me. I was in prison. I was thirsty. The man's excuse was. He's only demanding right living and right use of what He's given you. Ezek 34:17. and you gave me something to eat. I was sick. God is always with you to help. it will be judged just as severely. you can't fail. See Philippians 2:1213. You are not on your own. he will sit on his glorious throne. Who is being judged here? Nations. you who have been blessed by my Father! Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.) The Judgment of the Nations 31“When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels are with him.Matthew and about salvation thru Him! According to Matthew 28:18-20. I was afraid. and you gave me something to drink. Your reward will be great if you are faithful to the end—but your punishment will be horrendous if you are lazy and disobedient. I was a stranger. Wickedness does not consist of only the wrong you may do. and to help you live and serve as He demands. and you clothed me. or thirsty and give you something to drink? 38When did we see you as a stranger and welcome you. you and I are responsible before God to tell them. „Come. since you did it for one of the least important of these brothers of mine.) 34“Then the king will say to those on his right.‟ (Whatever is done for one of His disciples is rewarded as being done to Himself. is wickedness. into the eternal . To be lazy. 32All the nations will be assembled in front of him. You may think that God's demands are too great. Is that also your excuse for not witnessing? That was the excuse the Israelites used for not obeying God's orders to march in and possess the promised land. Numbers 13 and 14. to forgive. and you visited me. „I tell all of you with certainty. that He's expecting too much. when did we see you hungry and give you something to eat. If you sincerely ask for God's help. Romans 10:9-10. „Lord. or see you naked and clothe you? 39When did we see you sick or in prison. No. you who are accursed. and you welcomed me. and he will cull them out.‟ 37“Then the righteous will say to him. Use your talents fully in doing so! And don't stop until your last day on earth! A Christian must never retire from talking to others about their eternal destination. not to be confused with the Great White Throne judgment which comes at the end of the Millennium. And look what happened to them. one from another. We will call it the Sheep and Goat judgment. „Get away from me. And He's promised to always be with you. and little concerned about warning the lost. The unfaithful servant was called wicked and lazy. (Cf.
25. 11:32-34. both Christians and Jews. and you didn‟t welcome me.‟ 46These people will go away into eternal punishment. If they were truly born again they were people who lived to please God in every way. Matthew 13:41-42. and you didn‟t clothe me.” (For believers. life here on earth is as good as it gets. you didn‟t do it for me. Revelation 14:9-11. hell was not originally intended for the human race. God's people will have gone to meet Christ in the air as He was returning. „Lord. it is inconsistent to accept one without the other. And one indication that a person is truly born again is that he is concerned about the needs of others. Always remember. Some believe this is a judgment of those who will still be alive on earth after the great wars and tribulation of the end time. 18. 18:23-35. and that you read them over several times. since you didn‟t do it for one of the least important of these. but the righteous will go into eternal life. and does something about it. A great . The accounts in these verses are not in sequence. Proverbs 19:17. The kind of everlasting life these righteous ones will experience on earth is not explained. both the physically and spiritually poor. Matt 25:41. 8. they necessarily choose death. but it gives an indication of the criterion which will govern the verdicts. The account here of God's judgment is not a full account of details. and you gave me nothing to eat. 12:7. I was naked. for those who refuse Jesus as their Savior. 6:12-15. both physical and spiritual needs. I was sick and in prison. you are lending to the Lord. 20:10-15. Read Daniel.‟ 44“Then they will reply. Those who are here said to have been kind to Christ's people are not promised the Kingdom of Heaven. but the punishment given those who showed no mercy will no doubt be the same Hell that all who opposed and ignored God thruout the ages will experience.Matthew fire that has been prepared for the devil and his angels! (God's desire is that men should be blessed. 8:24. Matthew 5:7. These verses tell of the great conflict that will rage between God's people and the Antichrist in the last years of the age. and you gave me nothing to drink.) 42Here‟s why: I was hungry. Hell is said to be of the same duration as heaven. 43I was a stranger. They are the people who had shown mercy to God's people. life on earth is as bad it gets. chapters 7. who were persecuted by Antichrist during the last 3½ years of this age. The same One who taught eternal life taught eternal punishment. 11. I was thirsty. But if people willfully refuse life. Matthew 24:29-31. But we know that it does mean everlasting because it is used to describe the eternality of God. Luke 16:19-31. and you didn‟t visit me. Since the same word for eternal is used to describe each. So they will not be included in this judgment. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17. 21-22. We suggest that you underline these verses in your Bible. Cf 1 Tim 1:17. If the word translated eternal does not mean everlasting. They will be the citizens of the new kingdom God long ago planned for earth. or highlight them. there is no word in the Greek language to convey the meaning. but as you read them all you will begin to see the picture. „I tell all of you with certainty. when you help the poor. 12. and especially verses 7:9-11. This does not mean that those already with Christ at this time did not need to extend mercy to others to be saved. when did we see you hungry or thirsty or as a stranger or naked or sick or in prison and didn‟t help you?‟ 45Then he will say to them. and it's the Lord who will repay you.
Revelation 14:9-11. God's Kingdom on earth will not be populated by those who are with the Lord in the Heavenly Jerusalem. Revelation 21:9-27. together with those of His who are still alive on the earth. it cannot be the final judgment of the wicked. and who had not taken the mark of the beast during the time of the reign of the Satan-inspired man. Although all nations will be gathered before the Lord for this judgment. Even if the Rapture of the Church should take place before the Great Tribulation. What criterion will the Lord use at this judgment to judge individuals? The apparent basis will be as to how each one has treated the Lord's brothers and sisters during the time of the Great Tribulation. But the earth will be repopulated by those who had been good to God's people. the Antichrist. that sinners who had died before Christ returns will not be included in the judgment described in this Scripture. All of God's people who have died will be resurrected to meet Christ in the air when He returns. Rather. since this judgment will take place when the Son of Man comes in His glory. Revelation 20:5. It appears quite definitely that the purpose of the judgment mentioned in these verses is to determine who among those still alive on the earth after the Tribulation. The final judgment of the wicked is to take place at the end of the first thousand years of Christ's reign on earth—the Millennium. individual persons will be judged on an individual basis. as they will already be with Christ. The final judgment of the wicked dead will come one thousand years later. It is safe to conclude. As far as the wicked dead are concerned. it is the judgment of all persons still alive on the earth at the time of Christ's return. He saves the righteous among them. God does not cast entire nations into Hell. They will be the people who had cooperated with Antichrist and had received his mark on their hand or forehead. Many have believed this picture to be of the great and final judgment of the wicked. with Jesus Christ seated as Judge. and after Christ's true followers have been transported to Heaven. are worthy to become subjects in Christ's great new Kingdom on earth. So no Christian or Old Testament saint will be included in this judgment.Matthew judgment is pictured in these verses. Read Revelation 20. no one who receives this mark and cooperates with Antichrist will have any part in God's Kingdom. or had refused to help them. These will live in the Heavenly Jerusalem. if not next to impossible. And who are the Lord's brothers and sisters? No doubt they will include the Jews and Christians who will go thru the Great Tribulation. to buy or sell thru ordinary channels during part or all of the . As the Scriptures warn. The rest of the dead did not come back to life again until the end of the thousand years. The individuals sent from the Lord's presence at this time into everlasting fire will be those who had mistreated the Jews and Christians during the time of the Great Tribulation. Cf Revelation 13:16-18. 22:1-5. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. then. Revelation 20:11-15. The Lord does not promise Heaven to these friends of the Jews and Christians on the basis of their friendship. 14:9-11. there will still be persons converted to Christ during the time of the Tribulation. However. Only as these individuals are converted to Christ as Lord and Savior during the Millennium is it probable that eternal life will be theirs. So it appears that the basis for the Lord's judgment upon these people will be based upon their treatment of the Jews and Christians during that last terrible time of testing. It will be difficult.
This is the last time. (The custom was to recline on couches while eating. They should have been the first to recognize and to enthrone Him. The reign of Antichrist. will be anti-God. At least. But to accept that mark will ultimately result in judgment and Hell. John 12:3 states that the woman poured the perfume on His feet. (Bethany had the unique distinction of being within a Sabbath-day‘s journey from Jerusalem. Mark 6:11. This year the Passover would find its true meaning. this is the immediate promise Christ will give them. or even of sustaining life—will lose his soul.) A Woman Anoints Jesus (Mark 14:3-9. Luke 22:1-2. 22:15. they formed the vanguard of His enemies.) 3Then the high priests and the elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest. anti-Jew. The Paschal Lamb had at last arrived and would soon be slain. So Jerusalem at this time would be crowded with strangers. “This must not happen during the festival. Otherwise. It appears to be Jesus‘ favorite place to stay. and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified. Malachi 3:1-5.) Matthew 26 The Plot to Kill Jesus (Mark 14:1-2. Annas was actually the Aaronic heir to that role.) 7a woman came to him with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume and poured it on his head while he sat at the table. 2“You know that the Passover will take place in two days. but not in the Heavenly Jerusalem. there‟ll be a riot among the people. Caiaphas is the power figure on the Jewish side. The eternal life received by those who are declared righteous at this judgment will no doubt be eternal life on the earth. 13-15. who was named Caiaphas.” (It is incredible that Israel's religious leaders took the lead in plotting the death of their Messiah. Instead. 5But they kept saying. and anti-Christian. as John 12:3 indicates she had a . John 12:1-8) 6While Jesus was in Bethany at the home of Simon the leper. (―Caiaphas‖: A Roman appointee. And God warns that anyone who has any part with the Antichrist— accepting his mark or number in their forehead or in their right hand for the necessary and legitimate purposes of doing business. Passover was one of the feast which was required for every able-bodied male to celebrate it in Jerusalem. but Romans had entrenched the politics of that day. She no doubt did both.) 4They conspired to arrest Jesus by treachery and to kill him. he told his disciples. John 11:45-53) 1When Jesus had finished saying all these things. antiChrist.” (Jesus predicted His suffering and death several times. Revelation 21:9-27. See also Daniel 7:9-10. the beast. tourists from all over.Matthew Tribulation period without the mark of the beast. Jude 3-4.
See also Matt 27:3-4. (The poor can be helped at any time.) 8But when the disciples saw this. Gold. Those women who planned to anoint His body after His burial were thwarted by the resurrection. she was right. very expensive stuff. John 12:4. so it‘s His head. saying. the sister of Martha. she was preparing me for burial. Frankincense. Somehow she assembled this enormous amount of savings to buy this unique and symbolic gift. The priests paid him on the spot—the contemptible total of about fifteen dollars. Believing the Lord's predictions concerning His death.) 11You‟ll always have the destitute with you.) 15and inquired. This woman is Mary. That moment had struck and one lone woman with spiritual discernment had seized it.city in Judea. This particular ointment could have been sold for 300 denari. Gold: deity. Cf Mar 16:1-6). Complementary insights. Remember the three gifts that the wise men brought Jesus at His birth. It is striking to note the contrast between the woman who anointed Jesus at . Zech 11:12-13. what she has done will also be told as a memorial to her. (Ex 3: The price of a servant was 30 pieces of silver. in effect. “Why this waste? (From John we learn that it was Judas who was raising such a fuss. “What are you willing to give me if I betray Jesus to you?” They offered him 30 pieces of silver.” (Any act of true worship fills the courts of heaven with fragrance and is indelibly recorded in the Lord's memory. This is a higher calling. As it turned out.Matthew large amount. Her mind is on Him and she lavished all that she had on Him. and Myrrh. but you‟ll not always have me. (Jesus explains to the disciples why Mary anointed Him.) Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus (Mark 14:10-11.” 10But knowing this. he was a Judean.) 13I tell all of you with certainty. The perfume would presumably be myrrh. they became irritated and said. wherever this gospel is proclaimed throughout the whole world.) 9Surely this perfume could‟ve been sold for a high price and the money given to the destitute. so he emphasizes the fact that she anointed His feet. Cf. 12When she poured this perfume on my body. Jesus asked them. she must have realized it was now or never. The only one of the twelve that was not a Galilean. Cf Song of Solomon 1:3. Myrrh was a burial ointment. “Why are you bothering the woman? She has done a beautiful thing for me. But only once in the world's history could the Savior be anointed for burial. This gift to Him makes us realize that she understood His prediction. Luke 22:3-6) 14Then one of the Twelve. Matthew is emphasizing the Lord‘s Kingship. therefore basically 300 man -day‘s of labor. each speaking of one of His offices. ―carioth‖ . (She is worshiping Her Lord. The costliness of her sacrifice expressed the depth of her devotion for the Lord Jesus. while John is emphasizing the Lord‘s deity. who was called Judas Iscariot. Myrrh: suffering and death. went to the high priests (―Iscariot‖ means ―ish‖ – man. that there was nothing too good for Him. Frankincense: priesthood. A denari was a minimum day‘s wage.
Judas valued Him lightly. Noah leaves the ark on the 17th day of the 7th month. and they prepared the Passover meal.. couldn‘t Judas argue that it was his destiny to betray Jesus? Was Judas accountable? Yes.Matthew Simon's home and Judas. He was resurrected 3 days later on the 17th of Nisan. (According to John 13:21-26.”‟” (The undertones seem to imply a password. We can therefore conclude that he was not present when the Lord's Supper was instituted. Cf Psalm 22:1-22. the redemption shekel. Daniel 9:26. I will celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house. Complicated issue. Cf. „The Teacher says. just as it has been written about him. Cf. which means that Noah exited the ark on the same month that is now called ―Nisan. “My time is near. Luke 24:25-27. 20When evening came. At this point we infer that Judas leaves. When the 7th month becomes the first month. a prearranged setting. Lord?” 23He replied. 21While they were eating. What a privilege for this anonymous man to lend his house for this final Passover! 14th of Nisan is when Passover is celebrated.) . for Master and/or Teacher.” (Jesus notes that His death and betrayal were prophesied. asked. Jesus was sitting at the table with the Twelve. one of you is going to betray me. Isaiah 52:14. 45-47. “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover meal?” (What thoughts must have flooded the mind of the Lord at this time! Every detail of the meal would have poignant significance. also noting the change of the Hebrew calendar.” 22Feeling deeply distressed.) The Passover with the Disciples (Mark 14:12-21. each one began to ask him. Yet that does not release Judas from his sin. designed to foil the conspirators.. John 12:21-30) 17On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread. “Surely I am not the one.) 25Then Judas. the anniversary of Noah‘s exit from the ark!) 19So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them. John 13:30. I‟m not the one. “The man who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me.) 24The Son of Man is going away. “Go to a certain man in the city and say to him. Luke 22:7-14. In Ex 12 it lays out the Passover commitments.) 16and from then on he began to look for an opportunity to betray Jesus. 53:1-12.. 41:9. “I tell all of you with certainty. Jesus evidently said this privately to John. the disciples approached Jesus and asked.) 18He said.‖ Jesus was crucified on the 14th of Nisan. am I?” Jesus told him. How terrible it will be for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for him if he had never been born. (The leaders are trying to find a way to take Jesus quietly so there is not a big public uproar. She valued the Savior highly. Silver symbolizes blood.” (Rabbi is Heb. he said. Passover commemorates the passing over of the angel of death during the last plague in Egypt. “Rabbi. The tabernacle. Notice that Judas does not call Him Lord. “You have said so. who was going to betray him. 21-23. Zechariah 12:10. both here and in the garden later.
purpose. not the bread itself that counts. Jesus took a loaf of bread and blessed it. Psalm 115-118.) 27Then he took a cup. fermented or unfermented wine for the Lord's Supper. the cup of blessing or redeeming. This Passover is unfinished. (Right at the base of the Mount of Olives today there are Olive groves. This is my body. as He was standing in front of them. John 13:36-38) .‖ referring to the Passover Lamb. Cf John 6:63. they went out to the Mount of Olives. but the leaven in our lives!) 30After singing a hymn. more widely held view suggests that they sang the Halellel Psalms.) 29I tell all of you I will never again drink the product of the vine until that day when I drink it with you once again in my Father‟s kingdom. This could not have been Jesus‘ literal blood. The Passover meal has four cups: the cup of the bringing out.” (They are used to saying ―the body. It is a tragedy when we become so occupied with the elements that we fail to see the Lord Himself.) 28because this is my blood of the new covenant that is being poured out for many people for the forgiveness of sins. The fourth cup will occur at the Marriage supper of the Lamb. “Take this and eat it. saying. See 1 Cor 5:7-8. leaven is a picture of sin. 17. gave thanks. The upper room : Cf. It is believed that these trees are from the same root system that very likely was Gethesmane. John 14.” (Note that for Jesus this leaves this Passover unfinished as He stops with the third cup. Luke 22:31-34.) Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial (Mark 14:27-31. 15. Note verse 29. but Jesus is saying this is ―my‖ body. Paul emphasized that it is the spiritual meaning of the bread. Those who argue that leavened bread spoils the type. It is not the leaven in the bread that matters. His words were spiritual. On the way to the Mount of Olives. (Grape juice or wine? Too early in the season for unfermented grapes. 16.Matthew The Lord’s Supper (Mark 14:22-26. ―Hymn‖: Some scholars believe that they sang Psalm 135. There is little doubt that the Lord used unleavened bread and fermented wine as all wine in those days was fermented. they get there about verse 36. and gave it to them. This can only have been a symbolic statement. saying. that Jesus does this with. Then he broke it in pieces and handed it to the disciples. After Jesus told His disciples that they must eat of His flesh and drink of His blood. “Drink from it. should realize that the same is true of fermentation. the cup of the taking. It is the third cup. all of you. the cup of the delivery. the cup of blessing. He said that the words that He spoke were spirit and life. The Lord‘s supper links Jesus‘ two comings: 1 Cor 11:26. Luke 22:15-20) 26While they were eating. The question is often raised whether we should use leavened or unleavened bread. and set of regulations—the New Testament. (―Blood of the New Covenant‖: The blood that seals the new declaration of God's will. because He was present with them. The bread was obviously not His physical body.
“Sit down here while I go over there and pray. you men . He told Peter. It was just that they didn't know their own hearts. Luke 22:39-46) 36Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane. “Even if I have to die with you. reveal that way now! But in all of this.Matthew 31Then Jesus told them. I will go to Galilee ahead of you. “Even if everyone else turns against you. Lest we think this prayer expressed reluctance or a desire to turn back. “So. I will never deny you!” And all the disciples said the same thing. Might this suggest that different disciples have different capacities for empathizing with the Savior in His agony? It is hard for us to see Jesus depressed. They would put the olives into a press. if there is any other way by which ungodly sinners can be saved than by My going to the cross. something that would crush the olives to squeeze the oil out of them. the Sinless One.” (―cup‖: What cup? The cup of God‘s indignation against sin. In praying that the cup might pass from Him. Zech 13:7) 32However. he fell on his face and prayed. Why is He depressed? He understands what His mission is. he found them asleep. They don‘t even realize that He is going to die.‖ Oil is a symbol of the Holy Spirit.) Jesus Prays in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:32-42. That was the very purpose of His coming into the world! The prayer was rhetorical.” (The disciples must be confused. „I will strike the shepherd. I certainly won‟t!” (Failure in our strong suit!) 34Jesus told him. Left eight behind. if it is possible. He was not asking to be delivered from going to the cross. (James and John. to be made sin for us. before a rooster crows this very night. (They were sincere. I want it known that I desire nothing contrary to Your will.” 39Going on a little farther. they meant what they said.‟ (Cf. The press was called a ―Gethsemane. Cf 2 Cor 5:21. “O my Father.) 37Taking Peter and the two sons of Zebedee with him. the sinless Savior. that is. ―My Father. we see Him as victorious. “I tell you with certainty. and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.” 35Peter told him. We who are sinful cannot conceive what it meant to Him. He told the disciples.) 38Then he told them. because it is written. we should remember His words in Joh 12:27-28. the heavens were silent. what is coming.) 33But Peter told him. Jesus was saying in effect. he began to be grieved and troubled. Yet not what I want but what you want. you will deny me three times.” (Olive trees are grown for their oil. to die as our Substitute.‖ What was the answer? There was none. let this cup pass from me. after I have been raised. now He talks of being raised up. “I‟m so deeply grieved that I feel I‟m about to die. “All of you will turn against me this very night. Wait here and stay awake with me.) 40When he went back to the disciples. it was not intended to elicit an answer but to teach us a lesson. Mary is the only one that we have any evidence of that she understood that He was to die. By this eloquent silence we know that there was no other way for God to justify guilty sinners than for Christ.
Surely the weapons were not Judas's idea.) 43Then he came back and found them asleep. Real praying is a costly exercise but it pays far more than it costs.) 48Now the betrayer personally had given them a signal.” (―that you won‘t be tempted‖: … to lose faith in Me when I die. 44After leaving them again.Matthew couldn‟t stay awake with me for one hour.” (He was necessarily alone in His prayer life. and He prayed in their presence. It is not easy work but it is most profitable of all work. Luke 22:44. because they could not keep their eyes open. Arrest him. They were from the high priests and elders of the people.) Jesus is Arrested (Mark 14:43-50. the one who is betraying me is near!” (―Get up! Let‘s go!‖—not in retreat but to face the foe.” (People customarily greeted their friends with a kiss. Do you ever get that wistful feeling that there are other things more effective. but the body is weak. if this cup cannot go away unless I drink it. he went away and prayed again for the third time. (Judas came in first to identify Jesus. saying the same thing. A large crowd armed with swords and clubs was with him. 13:38. “My Father. The spirit is indeed willing.) 45Then he came back to the disciples and told them. The universal . Because if there was some other way for a man to get access to the throne of God in Heaven. arrived. and our minds wander when they should be watching. Judas.) 41All of you must stay awake and pray that you won‟t be tempted. “The one I kiss is the man. than prayer? This explains why far too many of us are busy in attempting great things for God. saying. 46Get up! Let‟s go! See. we sleep better than we pray. then Jesus Christ‘s prayer was not answered and His death was in vain! Acts 4:12. This proves that there is no other way for man to be saved except by the Lord Jesus Christ. even more desirable. could you? (We dare not condemn them when we think of our own prayer lives. (Three times the Lord Jesus Christ begged the Father. anything but the cross.) 42He went away a second time and prayed. his flesh would not have stumbled later that evening. Look! The time is near for the Son of Man to be betrayed into the hands of sinners. We can accomplish more by time and strength put into prayer than we can by putting the same amount of time and strength into anything else. “You might as well keep on sleeping and resting. Luke 22:47-53. 39. Perhaps if Peter had been praying. Perhaps the weapons symbolized the determination of the chief priests and elders to capture Him without any possibility of escape. The uniqueness of His Person and work precluded others from sharing in His prayer life. He taught the disciples to pray. His anxiety was so intense that He sweated drops of blood. but He never prayed with them. he had never seen the Savior resist or fight back. one of the Twelve. John 18:3-12) 47Just then. if there is any other way for man to be saved. rather than expecting great things from God in a humble attitude of prayer. while Jesus was still speaking. let your will be done.
and self-giving devotion of a good soldier in his description of dedicated Christian life. Cornelius.‖ In other words. 4. was a centurion. It is unlikely that Peter had aimed for the ear.Luke 22:36. drew his sword. (―Friend‖ is actually companion. and arrested him. Indeed. He will come with the armies of heaven and will war against the kings of the earth. Cf Rev. Two different words for kiss are used in this passage. 19:11–19. “Hello. and he would send me more than twelve legions of angels now? (A Roman legion equaled more than 6. in Acts 10. Also.) 50Jesus asked him.) 52Jesus told him. from the beginning to the end. His life was not being unjustly threatened. cutting off his ear. That is.Matthew symbol of love was to be prostituted to its lowest use. did Jesus mean when He commanded Peter to put away his sword? Peter was making two mistakes in using his sword. expressing repeated or demonstrative kissing. not Lord. 13:1–4. Jesus appears to have endorsed the use of the sword in civil self-defense . Christ says that the one who has no sword should sell his robe and buy one. Cf Gen 14:19. John never told them to leave the army. it does not endorse its use for spiritual ends. in Luke 22:36–38. Peter does not tell him to leave the army. in verse 48. Not the same word as calling the disciples ―friends‖ in the Upper Room discourse. and struck the high priest‟s servant. Paul frequently draws analogies from the obligation. Abraham was blessed by the Most High God after engaging in a war against the unjust aggression of the kings who had captured his nephew Lot. The first. Cf Acts 23. First. Rabbi!” and kissed him tenderly.) 53Don‟t you think that I could call on my Father. but events were moving fast now. He was called a devout man. the Bible is filled with examples of the justification of war against evil aggressors. It is to be used by the state. Peter‘s use was aggressive. 22:2.) 51Suddenly. then. What. Jesus responded saying that ―it was enough. and the Scriptures say that the Lord heard the prayers of Cornelius. So. (―one of the men with Jesus‖: We know this to be Peter from John 18:10. No doubt the question came with scalding power to Judas. not purely defensive. “Friend. The mob surged in and seized the Lord Jesus without delay. When Cornelius becomes a Christian. See 2 Tim 2:3-4. (Is Jesus advocating pacifism in this passage? Total pacifism is not taught in this Scripture. commitment. When Jesus returns to earth. is the usual word for kiss. Indeed. “Put your sword back in its place! Everyone who uses a sword will be killed by a sword. they did not need to get rid of their swords. Second. Cf Ex. In Luke 3:14. The Apostle Paul accepted the protection of the Roman army to save his life from unjust aggressors. why are you here?” Then the other men surged forward. That his aim was as poor as his judgment must be attributed to divine Providence. Cf Rom. (Note that he calls Him. Likewise.000 . he reminded the Roman Christians that God had given the sword to the king who did not bear it in vain. one of the men with Jesus reached out his hand. he had doubtless planned a mortal blow. as did the Apostle Paul in Acts 23. while the Bible permits the sword by the government for civil purposes. The apostles responded saying that they had two swords. it was not clearly an act of self-defense. Cf Acts 10:2. But in verse 49 a stronger word is used. soldiers come to inquire of John the Baptist about what they should do.) 49So Judas immediately went up to Jesus and said. took hold of Jesus. Rabbi. not by the church.
could be conducted at night. They had not yet been indwelt by the Holy Spirit. The Court lacked the civil authority to condemn a man to death. John 18:3. It was the duty of a judge to see that the interest of the accused was fully protected. John 18:28. Preliminary hearings before a magistrate were completely foreign to the Jewish legal system. No witness was ever called for the defense. Basically a Jewish issue. He was never permitted to tear his official robe. John 18:13-16. (Humanly speaking. The trial under Caiaphas took place in his home rather than the council chamber where it should have been held. The high priest rends his garment. Lev 21:10. Matthew 26:59. A guilty verdict was rendered without evidence. Matthew 26:66. The judges sought false witnesses against Jesus. . any other verdict required a majority of two and had to come on a subsequent day. In a Jewish court the accused was to be assumed innocent until proved guilty by two or more witnesses.66. but Gentiles brought Him into Caiphas‘ hands. in the hall of hewn stone. The Jews failed to find two witnesses agreeing against Jesus. Almost every detail of this trial is illegal. (Caiphas is the Jewish leader appointed by Rome. including a trial. Jesus offered none.000 Assyrians one evening after dinner!) 54How.” Then all the disciples deserted Jesus and ran away. where the scribes and the elders had assembled. The sentence in finally passed in the palace of the high priest. yet you didn‟t arrest me. John 18:22. John 18:13-14. Matthew 26:65. Cf.) Jesus is Tried before the High Priest (Mark 14:53-65. “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest me as if I were a bandit? Day after day I sat teaching in the Temple. It should have been by roll with the youngest voting first. No prisoner could be convicted on his own evidence. but the law demanded it be pronounced in the temple. Mark 14:56-59. No legal transactions. (If their cowardice was inexcusable. 19-24) 57Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caiaphas. The balloting was illegal. John 18:5. John 18:13. Jesus asked the crowds. John 11:53. When the witnesses first disagreed. John 18:28.) 56But all of this has happened so that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled. Matt hew 26:63-65. John 18:12. Mark 14:56. John 18:30. ours is more so. John 18:14. John 18:3. The binding of a prisoner before he was condemned was unlawful unless resistance was offered or expected. It was illegal for judges to participate in the arrest of the accused. the high priest. John 18:28.Matthew men. The arrest was effected through the agency of an informer and traitor. then. Luke 22:54-55. The use of violence during the trial was apparently unopposed by the judges. the prisoner should have been released. While an acquittal could be pronounced the same day. their behavior was irrational. It was illegal to carry weapons on a feast day. 63-71. we have. Ex 23:6-8.24.23. Remember that one angel slaughtered 185. Mark 14:59. Here it is simultaneous.) 58Peter. John 18:31. It was illegal to conduct a session of the court on a feast day. would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say this must happen?” 55At this point. Matthew 26:65.
) 64Jesus told him. followed him at a distance as far as the high priest‟s courtyard. equal in all respects with God. My glory is presently veiled in a human body. pressed Him for a statement. you Messiah! Who hit you?” (The entire proceeding was not only un-juridical. He had been predicting His own death and subsequent resurrection. At last two men came forward (Many false witnesses. John 18:15-18. You see Me in the days of My humiliation.) 59Meanwhile. ―I command you by the living God. The only time He speaks is when He is legally required to under oath. “He deserves to die!” 67Then they spit in his face and hit him. „I can destroy the sanctuary of God and rebuild it in three days.) 63But Jesus was silent.‟” (A misquote. the Son of God!” (Fulfilling Isa 53:7. But the day is coming when you Jews will see Me as the glorified One. sitting at His right hand and coming on the clouds of heaven. Then the high priest told him. “You have said so. The problem with this logic is that it is self-incrimination. 68saying. Dan 7:13) 65Then the high priest tore his robes and said. even though many false witnesses had come forward. He went inside and sat down with the servants to see how this would end. irritated by His silence.. referring to Caiaphas. If the high priest did not have on his priestly robe.‖ this puts Jesus under oath.) 62At this. 25-27) . “This man said. as you have said. Cf John 2:19-21.Matthew however. (Peter is curious.) 66What is your verdict?” They replied. Ps 110:1. I appear to be just another man. Some slapped him. the high priest stood up and asked Jesus.. keeping his distance yet watching what happens.‖ In verse 64 the first you is singular. Cf Ps 27:12) 61and stated. which is also in Jewish law that your testimony could not be used against you. ―I am the Christ. The second and third you is plural. “I command you by the living God to tell us if you are the Messiah. The High Priest understood that Jesus was claiming to be God. “Prophesy to us. which states that the High Priest must never tear his clothes. In fact. The Jews now used that prediction as an excuse for killing Him. “He has blasphemed! Why do we still need witnesses? Listen! You yourselves have just heard the blasphemy! (High Priest violated Lev 21:10. Nevertheless I tell you. who will clearly see that He is the Son of God. Luke 22:56-62. “Don‟t you have any answer to what these men are testifying against you?” (The high priest. 60But they couldn‟t find any. referring to the Jews as representative of those Israelites living at the time of Christ's glorious appearing. the Son of God. but scandalous. yet they found none. from now on you will see „the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power‟ and „coming on the clouds of heaven. he couldn‘t have put Christ under oath.‟” (In essence He was saying. Cf. the high priests and the whole Council were looking for false testimony against Jesus in order to have him put to death. How? They could never agree.) Peter Denies Jesus (Mark 14:66-72.
. see also Luk 22:34. another man: Luk 22:59-60. the punishment for which was a capital crime.before a rooster crows twice. Joh 13:38. a man: Luk 22:58. Possibly there was more than one rooster crowing. but in some sense. by the name of Herod. This whole trial was not only illegal by Jewish law. 74Then he began to curse violently. were with Jesus the Galilean. another young woman: Mat 26:71-72.) Matthew 27 Jesus is Taken to Pilate (Mark 15:1. 75Peter remembered the words of Jesus when he said. They had to politic their way to get Jesus put to death. We believe this last man is different from the others because he said. Also it is possible that the Gospels record at least six different denials by Peter. “I don‟t know the man!” he swore solemnly.” 70But he denied it in front of them all. means that their authority. (Peter's darkest hour had now arrived.‖ Cf Mar 14:30. 4. He denied Christ before: 1. “Before a rooster crows. (The familiar sound pierced not only the quiet of the early hours but Peter's heart as well. Luke 23:1-2.‖ Cf Mat 26:34. ―. the crowd that stood by: Mat 26:73-74. In Matthew. you‟ll deny me three times. one during the night and another at dawn. of no practical value because they were attempting to try Him for blasphemy. “I don‟t know the man!” (―The Man‖ was his Master. ―I saw you in the garden with him. and John. “Obviously you‟re also one of them. Mar 14:70-71. In Gen 49:10. because your accent gives you away. “You. ―before a rooster crows. a non-Jew.” 72Again he denied it and swore with an oath. The person who was guilty for blasphemy was to be put to death and they did not have the power to put anyone to death.. There is a seeming contradiction in the Gospels concerning the number and timing of the denials. 2. the people who were standing there came up and told Peter. didn't I?‖ The others are not described as saying this. Just then a rooster crowed.) 71As he went out to the gateway. a servant of the high priest: John 18:26-27. Luke. In Mark. They were a Province of Judea under the rulership of Rome. Rome put in a puppet king. Jesus is reported as saying. 6. 3. They wanted to put Jesus to death. an Idumaean.” Then he went outside and cried bitterly. Mar 14:66-68. all the high priests and elders of the people conspired against Jesus to put him to death. 5.) 73After a little while. John 18:28-32) 1When morning came. you will deny me three times. The Jewish authorities lost the power of capital punishment many years before. the prediction is.” (The Galileans had a particular dialect). another woman saw him and told those who were there. “This man was with Jesus from Nazareth. a young woman: Mat 26:69-70. too. Mar 14:69-70. “I don‟t know what you‟re talking about!” he exclaimed.Matthew 69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard when a servant girl came up to him and said. (The arrest and trial of Chapter 26 was at night. you will deny me three times.. but had no legal authority to do so.
Zech 11:12-13 which predicts that Jesus would be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver and that the transaction would occur in the House of God. Shiloh. he looked for another and found ―Go and do thou likewise. There was a time when they lost their authority for capital punishment. because it is blood money. He brought the 30 pieces of silver back to the high priests and elders. Though their hatred of everything Roman was intense. but inside it was full of deceit. The account in Acts simply adds that Judas fell. led him away. regretted what had happened when he saw that Jesus was condemned. However. “What do we care? Attend to that yourself. “It is not lawful to put this into the Temple treasury. and that the money would end up in the hands of the potter. (―Pontius Pilate‖ was the direct Roman authority for the area. the Book of Acts says that he fell and his body burst open. Judas hung himself exactly as Matthew affirms that he did. Whenever someone came to Jerusalem and died. they made the outside of the cup clean. they bought the potter‘s field for this use. This is the very thing one would expect of someone who hanged himself from a tree over a cliff and fell on sharp rocks below. (They could not use blood money for the Temple treasury. too ―spiritual‖ to put the money into the temple treasury because it was blood money. However.” (These arch conspirators who had cooperated so eagerly a few hours ago now refused to have any further part in the matter. they could prepay some expenses.) 7So they decided to use the money to buy the Potter‟s Field as a burial ground for foreigners. These accounts are not contradictory. ran away. Jesus was growing up in Nazareth. and handed him over to Pontius Pilate. Cf Acts 1:18. and they mourned believing that the Messiah had not yet come as the verse had indicated.‖ Cf Mat 27:5 & Luk 10:37.” (The high priests. at that time. treachery. went outside. “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood. Cf. the governor. they would have to pay for the burial.) The Death of Judas (Acts 1:18-19) 3Then Judas. This didn't seem to bother them. and hanged himself. However. Opposition to Jesus unites the bitterest foes. As the Lord had said. and his body opened up at the middle and his intestines gushed out. 4saying.) 5Then he flung the pieces of silver into the sanctuary. they were willing to ―use‖ this power to satisfy a greater hatred. This is one of the rewards of treachery. but mutually complementary. were the guilty ones who paid that money to have the Messiah turned over to them. (There is a classic story about a man who was thumbing through his Bible looking for a verse and found ―Judas went out and hanged himself.‖ Not satisfied. Thus.” But they replied. All prophesied around 800 years . Did Judas die by hanging or by falling on rocks? Matthew declares that Judas hanged himself.) 2They bound him with chains.Matthew the sceptre.) 6The high priests picked up the pieces of silver and said. would not be relinquished until the Messiah came. who had betrayed him. and murder.
Cf. note that the verse says ―spoken by Jeremiah‖ it does not say written by Jeremiah. he then prophecies against the city of Jerusalem. who tried to win popularity through building projects. Passover Festival. John 18:39-19:16) 15At every festival the governor had a custom of releasing to the crowd any prisoner whom they wanted. they were the oppressors. “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said. 10and they gave them for the potter‟s field.) 12While Jesus was being accused by the high priests and elders. Pilate is amazed at His silence. the prophecy was indeed spoken by Jeremiah. was not in the writings of Jeremiah. Many scholars will say that the scrolls of the Hebrew prophets were in such an order. Perhaps. “They took the 30 pieces of silver. and was recorded by Zechariah. that Zechariah was included in the scroll that included Jeremiah. 13Then Pilate asked him. The Romans were unwelcome. but it was included in the scroll of Jeremiah. unlike the last trial.) Jesus is Sentenced to Death (Mark 15:6-15. so that the governor was very surprised. John 18:33-38) 11Meanwhile. “You say so. Luke 23:13-25. In speaking of the potter.” (Many problems arise from this verse.” (Can‘t help but think that Pilate‘s question is sarcastic as here he is as the seated authority of the world empire responsible for this territory. Pilate is nervous about an insurrection. He did acknowledge who He was just as He did under oath before the Sanhedrin. Another view. so it was an idiom of library usage. Here Jesus answers Pilate. Almost as if Jeremiah is looking through this reference and prophesying against Jerusalem for some of the burdens they are going to bear as a result of what is happening. 9Then what had been declared through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled when he said. Luke 23:3-5.) Pilate Questions Jesus (Mark 15:2-5. Another possibility. Isa 53:7.e. it is in Zechariah 11:12-13. The governor asked him. he made no reply. predicting all these horrible things that would happen. The scroll of Jeremiah where that prophecy was found. “Don‟t you hear how many charges they‟re bringing against you?” 14But Jesus did not reply at all. because the prophecy that is there is not in Jeremiah. Jesus was made to stand in front of the governor.Matthew earlier!) 8That is why that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day. (Jesus did not defend Himself. in Jeremiah chapters 17 to 19. but Zechariah. the value of the man on whom a price had been set by the Israelis. They put in power Herod. the conquerors. There were three feasts which required that every able-bodied male attend in Jerusalem of which the Passover Festival was one. he talks about the potter. So one gimmick to win popularity was . as the Lord commanded me. (―every festival‖: i.
21So the governor asked them. We have no evidence of these being correct. 22Pilate asked them. thinking he could absolve himself of responsibility by his inaction. “Let his blood be on us and our children!” (Since then the .) 20But the high priests and elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to demand that Jesus be put to death.” (He was symbolizing that he was washing his hands of the whole affair. (―Barabbas‖: Some of the older manuscripts indicate his name was Jesus Barabbas. mob hysteria had taken over. who is called the Messiah?” They all said.Matthew an amnesty. Satanic pun involved?) 17So when the people had gathered. the Jews.) 19While he was sitting on the judge‟s seat. Deut 21.) 24Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere. it is one of them. because today I have suffered terribly due to a dream I had about him. Ps 26. Pilate was responsible to protect Him. they would let the people pick one prisoner which they would release. she had had a very disturbing dream about Him. “I am innocent of this man‟s blood. Cf. By Roman standards. “Have nothing to do with that righteous man. and another guy who is up due to some religious argument by the envious chief Priests. Pilate asked them. She urged her husband to adopt a handsoff policy with regard to Jesus. (Claudia Procula . If they were seeking a religious execution they would plead for Him to be stoned. Normally. Pilate blew it! Why did he do it? He‘s frightened of an insurrection. He was a man in a responsible position who refused to take responsible action. 2 Sam 3. The pride of Rome was that you were under the protection of Rome. which the Romans are trying to shame. There's a lesson here for each of us as well. his wife sent him a message that said. they stoned him or her.) 25All the people answered. “Let him be crucified!” (This is a very strange request on the part of the Jewish crowd. “Then what should I do with Jesus. ―Bar‖ = Son of. The Romans were also very superstitious. “Let him be crucified!” (Meaning ―Nail him to a cross!‖ It was too late to plead for calm deliberation. Here is a guy who is a known felon. but that a riot was about to break out instead. When someone was guilty of blasphemy. “Which of the two men do you want me to release for you?” “Barabbas!” they replied. saying. The form of capital punishment throughout the Old Testament and throughout Israel‘s history has been stoning. or Jesus who is called „the Messiah‟?” (This was Pilate‘s big hope. There is a bitter hatred between the Jews and the Romans. when they see someone crucified.) 16At that time they were holding a notorious prisoner named Barabbas. Therefore. not a Roman procedure. “Which man do you want me to release for you—Barabbas. Attend to that yourselves. Pilate had concluded and announced that Jesus was innocent.” (The proceedings were momentarily interrupted by a messenger from Pilate's wife. This is a Jewish procedure.tradition and legends hold that she was actually a Jewish gal who converts to be a Christian. “What has he done wrong?” But they kept shouting louder and louder. They must have been bribed to do that. What made the Romans so strong was their regard for discipline and law. So he took some water and washed his hands in front of the crowd.) 23He asked. ―Abba‖= The Father.) 18He did this because he knew that they had handed him over out of jealousy.
) 28They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him. Luke 23:26-43. But that robe has a message for us. Not described here in the New Testament. saying. ―crown of thorns‖: Meant to inflict pain and to make a mock symbol of authority. but found in Isaiah 50 is that they tore off His beard! Cf. from concentration camp to gas chamber. Indeed. Since scarlet is associated with sin . In a symbolic Biblical sense. Cf Isaiah 52:14. Paintings of a ―suffering Savior‖ on the cross can never do justice to the agonies He suffered for us. Jesus bore it all patiently.) The Soldiers Make Fun of Jesus (Mark 15:16-20. “Long live the king of the Jews!” (Beyond their crude jest. (… in imitation of a king's robe. He bore the curse that was put on creation because of sin. (. (A large leather whip with bits of sharp metal embedded in it was brought down across His back. That nail-scarred hand of Jesus now holds the scepter of universal dominion. They also gave Him a stick—a mock scepter. each lash opening up the flesh and releasing streams of blood. They still face the fearsome Time of Jacob's Trouble—those seven years of tribulation described in Matthew 24 and Revelation 6-19. put his own clothes back on him. vulgar soldiers—His unworthy. when God curses the earth in Genesis 3. they placed it on his head and put a stick in his right hand.) 26Then he released Barabbas for them. What followed is hard to imagine! The Creator and Sustainer of the universe suffered unspeakable indignities from cruel. They knelt down in front of him and began making fun of him.) 30Then they spit on him and took the stick and hit him repeatedly on his head. the symbol of that curse is thorns.Isa 1:18. that curse is symbolically carried on the head of our Savior. The curse will remain until they acknowledge the rejected Jesus as their Messiah-King. find their climax here at the crucifixion. suffering the awful guilt of the blood of their rejected Messiah. John 19:2-3) 27Then the governor‟s soldiers took Jesus into the imperial headquarters and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him.. They didn't know that the hand that held that stick is the hand that rules the world. (Probably several hundred men. we understand that He wore a crown of thorns that we might wear a crown of glory. Isa 50:6) 31When they had finished making fun of him. and led him away to crucify him. they stripped him of the robe. driving the long thorns ever painfully deeper into His skull. He didn't say a word. Jesus is Crucified (Mark 15:21-32.Matthew people of Israel have staggered from ghetto to pogrom. Thus. The crowns that start in Genesis. the robe pictures our sins being placed on Jesus so that God's robe of righteousness might be placed on us. Cf 2 Cor 5:21. Cf Heb 12:3. John 19:17-27) .) 29Twisting some thorns into a victor‟s crown. sinful creatures.. but he had Jesus whipped and handed over to be crucified.
Ps 69:21. He does not indulge in dramatics. Thus. no alleviation of His pain. The important thing is that he had the wonderful privilege of bearing the cross. It read. (Matthew describes the crucifixion simply and unemotionally. they do not want the bodies on the cross at sunset because the Passover is about to start.‖) 34they offered him a drink of wine mixed with gall. and as an accommodation to the Jews. These soldiers apparently had no sense of history being made.) 35After they had crucified him. whom they forced to carry Jesus‟ cross. The fulfillment of Exodus 34. So to make sure that they are all dead by sundown. because the Passover lamb was not to have a bone broken. He simply states the fact: and they had crucified Him. and John: ―Jesus from Nazareth. See Psalm 22:18. Luke: ―This is the King of the Jews‖ .) 36Then they sat down there and continued guarding him. or dwell on sordid details. If only they had known. It was invented by the Romans. in northern Africa. to make sure no one would come and take Him down. It was physically very visible.. agonizing death. resort to sensational journalism. rather it was very extended. they determined who would get his clothes by throwing dice for them. he refused to drink it. Church tradition that his two sons were saved.John 19:19. One of the ways to speed up the process was to break the legs of the person being crucified because then they could not relieve the pressure on his chest cavity and he would suffocate more quickly. ―The King of the Jews‖ .. The Latin phrase is ―Calvary. it becomes necessary from time to time. Ps 22. it was elevated on a post so that lots could see.Matthew 32As they were leaving.) 33When they came to a place called Golgotha (which means “Skull Place”).) 37Above his head they placed the charge against him. “This is Jesus. Because it is such a slow and agonizing process. they start to go through and break the legs of the ones that are still alive. The way to get a breath is to relieve the pressure on your arms by pushing up with your feet. they would not have sat down and kept watch. Mark says. However. whether dead or alive. but when they come to the Lord they find that He is already dead. What happens is that it puts so much strain on the chest cavity that ultimately the person dies of suffocation or any of several other physiological things that can occur. (―Golgotha‖ is the Hebrew. The arms are pinned and the physical weight on the arms is enormous. specifically to be demeaning. But to make absolutely sure. Yet eternity itself will not exhaust the depths of those words. But when he tasted it. It was not quick. they would have knelt down and worshiped. (Cf. (. the King of the Jews‖ . The whole concept of crucifixion was a slow painful. others that he was a black man. Cf. Mark 15:21 mentions his two sons. (He declined the drink because it would numb Him. it is fascinating that the Roman did not break the legs like all the rest.” (The exact wording of the superscription varies somewhat in the four Gospels. We find that they do this to the others on the cross. . Simon was from Cyrene. Cf. For Him it was necessary to bear the full load of man's sins with no impairment of His senses. to get on with it. and it would serve as an example to the crowd. they found a man from Cyrene named Simon.Luk 23:38. since it is getting on towards evening. for whatever administrative reasons might prevail. Some think he was a Jew.Mar 15:26. the king of the Jews. John 19:23-24. the soldier throws a spear up in the Lord‘s side and blood and water come out.
―They claimed they would have believed if He had come down. Messianic prophecy fulfilled: Psalm 22:6–8. come down from the cross!” 41In the same way the high priests. Literally. 40and saying.‖ The chief priests protested that the title should not be a statement of fact.) 43He trusts in God. We see it only dimly. too. Cf. John 19:28-30) 45From noon on. and we will believe in him.‖ yet implies two. the King of the Jews. he said. one on his right and the other on his left. Cf John 19:19-22. In those three hours were compressed the hell which we deserved. Let him come down from the cross now. 42“He saved others but can‟t save himself! He is the king of Israel. “You who were going to destroy the sanctuary and rebuild it in three days—save yourself! If you‟re the Son of God. After all. but the mere claim of the Accused. However. and Greek. (Did both robbers revile Christ. the truth was there for all to see—in Hebrew. Cf Isa 53:12. My God. were also making fun of him.Matthew It is possible that each Gospel only gives part of the complete statement. The whole statement may have read ―This is Jesus from Nazareth. if he wants to do so now. we believe because He stayed up. in just a few hours he was with Christ in Paradise. my God. The pain that Jesus endured was absolutely unbearable. shaking their heads. Jesus cried out with a loud voice. or did only one do this? This difficulty is easily resolved on the supposition that at first both reviled the Lord.) 39Those who passed by kept insulting him. Let God rescue him. the wrath of God against all our transgressions. (Dark from noon till three! All the sufferings and indignities which He bore at the hands of men were minor compared to what He now faced.‘‖) . which means. They kept saying. “Eli. why have you forsaken me?” (―Eli‖ = ―Eloi‖ = dual word: ―My God.) Jesus Dies on the Cross (Mark 15:33-41. we simply cannot know what it meant for Him to satisfy all God's righteous claims against sin. the bandits who were being crucified with him kept insulting him. it was literally beyond words to describe. along with the scribes and elders. One of these thieves is saved in the nick of time. they had to invent a new word: excruciating. and finished the work necessary for man's redemption. Pilate overruled them. The religious leaders united with criminals in vilifying their God. eli. darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon. We can't save others while seeking to save ourselves. Luke 23:44-49. excruciating means ‗out of the cross. Ps 22:1. (Isaiah predicted 700 years previously that He would be numbered with the transgressors. but that later one repented. Cf Luke 23:39-43. Latin. It was during that time that He bore the indescribable curse of our sins. settled the debt.‟” 44In a similar way.) 46About three o‟clock. In fact. “My God. (William Booth said.‖ ―He saved others but can‘t save himself‖: It was true in the Lord's life and in ours. lema sabachthani?”. „I am the Son of God.) 38At that time two bandits were crucified with him. We only know that in those three hours He paid the price.
In that day if you were imprisoned. This verse occurs only in Matthew. the curtain in the sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom. Cf John 10:17-18. and he could enter on only one day of the year. (―Holy City‖: i. But let us never forget that the privilege was purchased for us at tremendous cost—the blood of Jesus. See other Gospels. “Wait! Let‟s see if Elijah will come and save him. (This curtain separated the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place. which would be signed.) 55Now many women were .) 49But the others kept saying.) 54When the centurion and those guarding Jesus with him saw the earthquake and the other things that were taking place.” (The general attitude was to wait and see if Elijah would fulfill the role Jewish tradition assigned to him —coming to the aid of the righteous. could enter the inner sanctuary. the earth shook. and a realization that the disturbances of nature were somehow connected with the death of Jesus. But it was not time for Elijah to come . Jerusalem. (The Bible does not say whether these risen saints died again or went to heaven with the Lord Jesus. they said. But don‘t presume that the first resurrection happened at one time. you had a certificate. it was time for Jesus to die. Jesus was part of the first resurrection along with these saints. not in weakness. The death of God's Son also produced tremendous upheavals in nature—as if there was an empathy between inanimate creation and its Creator. (Judging from Psalm 69:21. The first resurrection will be completed when the Millennium starts because there is 1000 years before the second resurrection. they were terrified and said. sounds like Eli) 48So one of the men ran off at once. meaning ―paid in full. and soaked it in some sour wine. and appeared to many people. We know that there are two resurrections. (Who killed Him? Nobody could if they tried.‖ This is what Jesus said on the cross—Tetelestai—meaning ―paid in full‖ and can be translated ―It is finished‖. and many saints who had died were brought back to life. Part of the Everlasting Covenant between Jesus and the Father. He died because He chose to. The only way was if He voluntarily yielded His life.” (Elijah in Heb. The fact that He yielded up His spirit distinguished His death from all others. Only one man. and your debt marked off. they would write Tetelestai.e.Matthew 47When some of the people standing there heard this. When finished with your sentence. which is what He did for you and I. Cf Heb 10:19-20. “He‟s calling for Elijah. We die because we have to. went into the Holy City.) 51Suddenly. this was not intended as an act of mercy but as an added form of suffering. or an acknowledgment that Jesus was more than man? We cannot be sure.) 52tombs were opened.) 53After his resurrection. Then he put it on a stick and offered Jesus a drink. the first resurrection is a category not a moment in time. It does indicate a sense of awe. the high priest. took a sponge. But now the humblest believer can enter God's presence in prayer and praise at any time.) 50Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice again and died.Mal 4:5. The loud voice demonstrates that He died in strength. and we know very little about it. they came out of their tombs. and not with the death of those who were crucified with Him. “This man certainly was the Son of God!” (What did the centurion mean? Was this a full confession of Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. rocks were split open. ―It is finished‖: Final words of Jesus.
we remember how that impostor said while he was still alive. Go and make the tomb as secure as you know how.‟ Then the last deception would be worse than the first one. order the tomb to be secured until the third day. 60Then he placed it in his own new tomb.‖ They did their best. „I will be raised after three days. In a real sense Joseph buried himself economically. and the provocation to the Jews. They had accompanied Jesus from Galilee and had ministered to him. and religiously when he buried the body of Jesus. “You have a military guard. the high priests and Pharisees gathered before Pilate 63and said. and Pilate ordered it to be done.Matthew also there. (Joseph of Arimathea. a rich man arrived from Arimathea.) 65Pilate told them.) 58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. „He has been raised from the dead. watching from a distance. Luke 23:50-56. that a member of the Sanhedrin would publicly take his stand for the Crucified. John 19:38-42) 57Later that evening. (―stone‖ used to seal up the grave. Cf Isa 53:9) 61but Mary Magdalene and the other Mary remained there. They sealed the stone and stationed guards. and he had become a disciple of Jesus. Mary the mother of James and Joseph. which he had cut out of the rock. His name was Joseph. sitting in front of the tomb.) 59So Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth. he left. His enemies had doubtless planned to throw His body into the Valley of Hinnom to be consumed by dump-fires or eaten by foxes. “Sir. and the mother of Zebedee‟s sons. but their best security measures were just not good enough. must have had influence. They had made a martyr out of Him. They remained with Christ when the male disciples ran for their lives!) Jesus is Buried (Mark 15:42-47. After rolling a large stone across the door of the tomb. from robbers. The Tomb is Secured 62The following day (that is. socially. 56Among them were Mary Magdalene. ―as secure as you know how.) 66So they went and secured the tomb by putting a seal on the . or his disciples may go and steal him and then tell the people. We don‘t know their thoughts but it appears that by now they apparently have come to the conclusion that they blew it. (We must try to imagine the surprise to Pilate.” (Pilate‘s cynical remark. But God overruled their plans and used Joseph to insure that He was buried with the rich. This act separated him forever from the establishment that killed the Lord Jesus.‟ (Jesus‘ enemies remembered what the disciples forgot! His enemies worried that His body would not be there on the third day!) 64Therefore. as he just went to Pilate and begged for the body of Jesus. (The fearless devotion of these women stands out with special luster.” (They must realize that they messed up. after the Day of Preparation).
(There were evidently two Sabbath days here. and his clothes were white as snow. Leviticus 23:23-25. who was crucified. resulting in Jesus being dead three whole days and three whole nights. (Why did the angel move the stone? Not to let the Lord out. 5Responding to the women. was always a special Sabbath. Nisan. because an angel of the Lord had come down from heaven.Thursday. And further proof that Jesus died on Wednesday: The Sunday afternoon after the crucifixion as two of Jesus' followers were on their way to Emmaus. The Feast of Trumpets. The Passover was observed after sundown on the 14th day of the first Israeli month. Luke 24:21. making the two Sabbaths. Mention is made in John 19:31 that the Sabbath of the next day was a special Sabbath. it would have been only one or two whole days since He died. Heb 1:7 gives a physical description of angels. as the Jewish day begins at sundown. the 15th of Nisan. the angel said. Leviticus 23:5. At 3 o'clock in the afternoon of the same day. perhaps a scream or even a gasp. Leviticus 23:6-7. (The angel ―answered‖ them. This would be needful if Christ was to be dead three days and three nights.) Matthew 28 Jesus is Raised from the Dead (Mark 16:1-8. (―He has been raised‖: Rom 8. That was then followed by the regular Sabbath. 1 Cor 15:3-4.) 7Then go .) 4Trembling from fear. the Lamb of God died on the cross. John 20:1-10) 1After the Sabbaths. around dawn on the first day of the week. 23:26-32.Matthew stone in the presence of the guards. approached the stone.) 2Suddenly. The special Sabbath. the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. just as he said. but to let the girls in!) 3His appearance was bright as lightning. they stated that it had now been three days since Jesus died. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to take a look at the burial site. It was an extra Sabbath they were commanded to observe. Leviticus 16:29-31. in addition to the regular Sabbaths. was a special Sabbath. was the next day . That was the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Cf. the woman must have done something to prompt an answer. Come and see the place where he was lying. The very next day. as He prophesied. Cf. the 1st day of the 7th month. rolled it away. The Day of Atonement. He has been raised. The Passover and Saturday. So what evidently happened was that Jesus ate the Passover in the beginning hours of the 14th of Nisan. “Stop being frightened! I know you‟re looking for Jesus. and was sitting on top of it. the 15th of Nisan. God had commanded that several special Sabbaths be observed each year in Israel. He must have been crucified on a Wednesday.) 6He is not here. If He had died on Thursday or Friday. (The precautions His enemies took only resulted in God's overruling the plans of the wicked and offering indisputable proof of the King's resurrection. even the guards themselves became like the dead. the 10th day of the 7th month. there was a powerful earthquake. was a special Sabbath. Luke 24:1-12.
innocent and adequate. and then later spoke up as Matthew may imply. The fact that He died for our sins is important because it provides the basis by which God can forgive us. “Say that Jesus‟ disciples came at night and stole him while you were sleeping.‖ Jesus‘ resurrection is the most important fact of our lives. Cf 1 Corinthians 15:5.) 10Then Jesus told them. as the first one to see Christ after His resurrection.) The Guards Report to the High Priests 11While the women were on their way. “Greetings!” They went up to him. Cephas. what we would call a ―county. took hold of his feet. (If Jesus was not God. This really leads to the fact that all the great acts.) 9Suddenly. 21. ‖ which is a fairly large area. ―brothers. some of the guards went into the city and told the high priests everything that had happened. According to the gospel of John 2:19. it was the Father. and worshipped him. Since only men‘s testimony was considered legal or official in the first century. I have told you!” (We are to find later that they meet in a preappointed place. Josephus describes the fact that Jesus appeared to his disciples on the third day. 12So they met with the elders and agreed on a plan to give the soldiers a large amount of money. the Son and the Holy Spirit.Matthew quickly and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead. It may be that at first they held their peace as Mark indicated. and John 10:17. He would have been transgressing the Law of God by receiving their worship. each event can be found ascribed to the Father. terrified but also ecstatic. (Mark says that the women returning from the empty tomb ―didn‘t say a thing to anyone. Here the angels denote ―Galilee.‖ Mark 16:8. but it has no validity unless He rose from the dead.18 it was the Son. This is documented by a historian who is an unbeliever! Who raised Jesus from the dead? According to Hebrews 13:20. or a body. because they were afraid. they would have done so. Paul was not giving a complete list. On the other hand. . then to the other women. Jesus met them and said. But Paul lists Peter. “Stop being frightened! Go and tell my brothers to leave for Galilee.” (First time that Jesus calls His disciples. the Trinity is established in the linguistics of the text. If His enemies could have produced the body. but they went back with the intention to tell them. it is understandable that the apostle would not list the women as witnesses in his defense of the resurrection here. He is going ahead of you into Galilee. The fact that the tomb was empty is proof that His redemption is sufficient.‖ And that is predicted in Ps 22:22. and ran to tell Jesus‟ disciples. Did the women tell of their experience at the tomb or not? Matthew does not actually say the women told the disciples. but only the important one for his purpose. Did Christ appear first to the women or to His disciples? Both Matthew and Mark list women as the first to see the resurrected Christ. and they will see me there. 20. Rom 8:11 describes it as the work of the Holy Spirit. Jesus appeared first to Mary Magdalene. and you will see him there. (―large amount of money‖: Probably more than 30 pieces of silver!) 13They said. Remember. and then to Peter.) 8So they quickly left the tomb.
but it cannot be disproved. They had a great big stone rolled against this tomb and this was sealed with seals of the Roman government. why did the soldiers have to be bribed to tell it? If the disciples had stolen the body. He did not come out of that tomb as a weak invalid. there was an angel who said. if you were caught sleeping on watch. they knew that the Chief Priests would have the biggest equity in the result. brainy men have advanced these theories. of our Christian faith. He is risen. John 20:6-7. there are other myths. Come.‖ Do you think the angel went to the wrong tomb too? Yet. how did they know that the disciples stole the body? If the story was true. This is a nonsensical one! 2. No man on the inside of that tomb could ever roll back the stone which came down an incline and fitted into a groove. is the historic evidence for the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ.) Jesus Commissions His Disciples . and that he was resuscitated somehow in this damp tomb and then came forth. This was his private garden.” (Actually the soldiers were paid to tell a story incriminating themselves. it is possible for a guard to fall asleep. Here you and I can stand and do battle for the faith because we have a situation which cannot be contradicted. They were in deep trouble. Others have suggested that Jesus did not die. why would they not track down the disciples. two fishermen who were not crying. and search for the body. Besides this story.) 14If this is reported to the governor. First of all it has been suggested that the women went to the wrong tomb. let's say there were other tombs. ―He is not here. It can be denied. also went to the tomb and found it empty. and this story has been spread among the Jews to this day. we‟ll personally persuade him to keep you out of trouble. this was not a cemetery of Joseph of Arimathea. but swooned away. Here are two of them: 1. let's grant that for the women. when they got to the tomb and found that it was empty. The simple truth is that the resurrection of the Lord Jesus is a well-attested fact of history. Why did these Roman soldiers go to the Chief Priests first? Perhaps. did as they were instructed. Now. why had they taken time to remove the grave-clothes and fold the napkin? Luke 24:12. the penalty was death. Do you think they went to the wrong tomb? But more than that. which there weren't. If the story was true. unshakable and unmovable. but they were able to get bribes and leverage on the boss so they would not be accountable for their failure. This explanation raises more questions than it answers.) 15So the soldiers took the money. They also recognized that it might be worth money. But hard-fisted Simon Peter and John. In the Roman army. One of the great foundation-stones. Why were the soldiers sleeping when they should have been on guard? How could the disciples have rolled the stone away without waking the guards? How could all the soldiers have fallen asleep at the same time? If they were asleep. Would you miss the tomb of your dearest loved one between Friday afternoon and Sunday morning? Furthermore. don't forget. No other tombs were there. Well. (―to this day‖ refers to the day that Matthew is writing. Think about this for a moment.Matthew (Romans do not sleep on watch! The whole story is preposterous. and suppose the women with their tear-filled eyes stumbled around and got to the wrong tomb. see the place where the Lord lay. but not the whole watch.
and the Son. 8:26–27. by My Father. Moreover. and Holy Spirit. the Son. This command is the duty of every man and woman who confesses Christ as Lord. was not intended merely for the eleven remaining disciples. refers not to three designations or titles of one person but rather to three persons within the unity of the one God. Son. it must nevertheless be our sincere intention and supreme aim to do so. To be righteous. Does this verse indicate that the Father. Phil 2:9-11. for the Holy Spirit is said to be another comforter: John 14:16. the Son. Mark 16:15-16. Nor is the Father the Holy Spirit. it is clear that Jesus is not the Father. A study of the singular form of the word name in Scripture proves that the word does not have to refer to a single person. as you go. 11:4. Son. This commission now becomes ours to fulfill—to reach everyone in our time. and the Holy Spirit. not a suggestion. Son. (.the Father. Son. And the Holy Spirit intercedes with the Father on our behalf: Rom. Jesus is our advocate with the Father: 1 John 2:1. This was Jesus Christ‘s last command to the Christian community. or just for the apostles or for those in present times who may have the gift of evangelism. and Holy Spirit are distinct persons. Greek scholars universally recognize that the use of the definite articles before each noun . See for example Gen 5:2.in Matthew 28:19 points to distinct persons..) 19Therefore. 48:16. and Holy Spirit are one person—the person of Jesus Christ. Luke 24:36-49. and the Holy Spirit. for the Father sent the Holy Spirit: John 14:16.‖ Putting these verses together. The Father knows the Son and the Son knows the Father: Matt. The Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus: Luke 3:22. Because the word ―name‖ is singular in Matthew 28:19. for the Father sent the Son: John 3:16–17. For example. we must do everything that God calls us to do. This was a command. 11:27. “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. The Holy Spirit seeks to glorify Jesus: John 16:13–14. The Father and Son speak to each other: John 11:41–42.Matthew (Mark 16:14-18. The Great Commission. it is clear that Jesus is not the Holy Spirit. Jesus sent the Holy Spirit: John 15:26. Oneness Pentecostals believe this means that ―Jesus‖ is the ―name‖ of the Father.. Name in Matthew 28:19. John 20:19-23. In Matthew 28:19 Jesus instructs his followers to baptize ―in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Acts 1:6-8) 16The eleven disciples went into Galilee to the hillside to which Jesus had directed them. The Father and Son love each other: John 3:35.‖ But in Acts 2:38 we find reference to baptizing ―in the name of Jesus Christ. they worshipped him. (We cannot pick and choose which commands of our Lord we will follow. Even if we cannot achieve perfection in this obedience. 17When they saw him. (Even then some doubted! Why?) 18Then Jesus approached them and told them. Theologians . disciple people in all nations. and Holy Spirit are one person— Jesus Christ? There is absolutely no indication in this text that Jesus was cryptically referring to himself with the words ―the Father. singular in the Greek.‖ Oneness Pentecostals are reading something into the text that simply is not there. Scripture is abundantly clear that the Father. baptizing them in the name of the Father. and the Holy Spirit . they believe that this must mean that the Father. though some had doubts. It is impossible to argue that Jesus is the Father and the Holy Spirit.
6:16. Also. Notice that Jesus informs us that He has been given unlimited power by the Father.) 20teaching them to obey everything that I‟ve commanded you. we should be willing to go forth boldly. and this is brought about by systematic teaching of. and learn everything else we can so that we will have the message of life to give them. Without God's forgiveness. John 3:36.” (The Commission goes beyond evangelism. God was so concerned about our lost condition that He sent His Son in the person of Jesus Christ to suffer and die for our sins. and Holy Spirit. Don't lightly regard these commands from the Lord. And in the last part of this commission. "Are you planning on making it to . Romans 2:1-10. It is an essential aspect of saving faith. the Word. we will indeed be reaching out to others. 2 Peter 1:8-11. "Hey. Hebrews 5:9. These three verses contain what is called the Great Commission. All of us are to be reaching out to those who still need to hear the Great News. They are not living now. Son. The obedience of even the most godly Christian will be imperfect. Obeying His commands is not optional for those who desire to inherit eternal life. Christ's message is still in force today. are you planning on being there?" Or. and submission to. It would be the height of human arrogance to suggest that all the theologians throughout church history have been wrong on this verse and only the Oneness Pentecostals understand it correctly. James 1:22. Luke 6:46-49. We must likewise be intensely concerned for those who are still lost and need the message of God's love. 14:21-23. not to three designations or titles of the one person of Jesus Christ. And Jesus was so concerned that He was willing to come from Heaven to be our Savior. He will always be with us with unlimited power! Just you and God can be a massive army! With such promises. so they could not be reaching out to those who are alive today. knowing that we have Jesus with us and that He has all the power necessary to make it possible for us to effectively witness to those who are still lost. I am with you each and every day until the end of the age. See Romans 10:9-10. And remember. They must be taught to obey the commandments of Christ as found in the NT.Matthew throughout church history have consistently interpreted this verse as referring to the three persons of the Trinity. Therefore. Just a few suggestions: It is not necessary to try to move the conversation around to spiritual things in order to talk to people about the Lord. His commands are just as binding upon us today as they were upon the apostles. each convert is to be baptized in the name of the Father. 13-14. He promises He will always be with us. If we are truly born again. It is the responsibility of every one of us to go to others with the message of life. The commission is to all of Christ's followers. We are all to be missionaries. Many times the best way is to just break right into a conversation and ask the question. 15:8-10. their future is a tragic and frightful one. The essence of discipleship is becoming like the Master. This commission was not given only to the eleven followers of Christ. the intention to fully obey must nevertheless be real. And notice that the command is that we teach these new converts to obey everything that Jesus commanded His apostles to obey. we are responsible to go to them with what we know. 1 John 2:3-5. but even though imperfect. and their conversion from living in sin to living in obedience to God. it is not enough to simply make converts and let them fend for themselves. There is no saving faith apart from obedience.
You can ask. or they may say they attend such and such a church. If you find it impossible to begin witnessing. Don't worry about questions or arguments that may come up for which you have no answers." Are you born again? It is not enough to merely believe the facts about Jesus. "To be born again means: To unconditionally surrender all that you know about yourself to all that you know about God. Once the door is opened. instead of God. Whenever you ask someone if they are planning on making it to Heaven. In that way you will have a continuing contact with them as they read what you left them. you can talk to that person about his or her need. Let those questions come up.Matthew Heaven?" Or. many will admit they are not. even if we are not always able to perfectly fulfill our intentions. Will you be found faithful? Find good printed material that you can leave with those to whom you witness. See Romans 3:23. apply James 5:16 here." John 3:1-21. To be born again means that you sincerely make the decision. "What do you think of Jesus Christ?" Or. "Are you born again?" You may be surprised at the many who will claim to be a Christian. Revelation 20:11-15. with God's help. the more answers you will have. that He is the Son of God. and are not living to please Him. "Are you born again? You know. persevering prayer of a person who is right with God is powerfully effective. 6:23. to make sure that they really are. In fact. make opportunities! And you can make opportunities by asking such questions. Any one of these questions. Jesus said that in order to enter Heaven you must be born again. So if you expect to be in Heaven you must be born again. Getting them to read the Bible or the New testament will be the greatest material you can get them to read. Another way of saying that is. Then the next time that question or argument comes up you will have the answer. "Do you know how to get to Heaven—for sure?" Or even ask the question. The more you witness. Luke 11:13. Even when a person claims to be born again. but they know they are not right with God. So we can all be missionaries right where we are. He said that unless you are born again you will never see Heaven. and accomplishes great things. will enable you to get started in the conversation. "In . that He suffered and died for our sins. Begin now to obey Christ by witnessing to everyone possible! The day of reckoning will soon be here. or some other question. Go to God in desperation in fervent prayer. and that the wages for such living is death—the second death. what is the greatest consideration in life?" The hardest part about witnessing for Jesus is getting started. Someone will have the answer for you. and He will help you and fill you with His Spirit. That must be our sincere aim and intent. by asking. but when you ask them if they are born again. You learn by doing. "How does your future look?" Another question you could ask is. The fervent. you should follow up wha¬ever answer they give. "In your opinion. wherever that may be. Don't wait for opportunities to witness. and He taught the necessity of absolute obedience to God. One of the most important questions you will need to ask folks when witnessing to them is. Then explain to them that the Bible reveals that every single person on earth has been selfishly living to please himself. probe. or God in some special way will bring the answer to you. who has been sent for this very purpose. to turn from living to please yourself to now live to please God. We must also believe what He taught. and then somehow find the answer. They may not know what it means to be born again.
Christ commands us to go. We are not to wait for them to come to us! "1. 2. The message belongs to them as well as to us." What are you doing to carry out His last command? . Most of them are willing to listen to what we have to say. 4.Matthew your understanding. So many people have a false hope. Do all that you can to help them see the truth! Pray much for God's guidance! We must go! We must go to everyone everywhere and share the Good News with them. what does it mean to be born again?" Their answer will usually tell you whether or not they really are. 3. We will be condemned if we keep the message from them.
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