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Coordinates: 59°51′13″N 30°3′35″E

Palace of Congresses State Complex in Strelna Strelna (Russian трельн is a municipal settlement in Petrodvortsovy District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located about halfway between St. Petersburg proper and Petergof and overlooking the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Population: 12,452 (2010 Census);[1] 12,751 (2002 Census).[2]

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 1 Palace of Peter the Great 2 Family home of the Konstantinovichi branch of the Romanovs 3 Vicissitudes in the 20th and 21st century 4 Other landmarks 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Palace of Peter the Great
Formerly a Swedish chancellor's estate, Strelna was chosen by Peter the Great as a place for his future summer residence in 1714. Jean Baptiste Le Blond, famous for his work with André Le Nôtre at Versailles, was commissioned to prepare designs for the would-be palace and park. Le Blond envisaged the palace as a Chateau d'Eau, situated on a round island. The gardens

a disciple of the great Carlo Fontana. Family home of the Konstantinovichi branch of the Romanovs In 1797. Her favourite architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli was asked to expand and aggrandize Michetti's design. A 19th-century painting. so the Strelna palace stood unfinished until the end of the century. But Rastrelli's attention was soon diverted to other palaces. It had been used by the Russian royalty as a sort of hunting lodge. Peter's daughter Elizabeth intended to complete her father's project. the palace passed to his nephew. After Constantine's death. Leib Guard reception at the Constantine Palace. and the Konstantinovichi branch of the Romanov dynasty retained its ownership until the Revolution. the commission to build the grand palace passed to Nicholo Michetti. and all works in Strelna were suspended. Vicissitudes in the 20th and 21st century . and has been faithfully preserved to this day. Disappointed Michetti left Russia. Andrei Voronikhin and Luigi Rusca were held responsible for architecture of its upper storeys. In 1718. A cornerstone was laid in June 1720. Despite a great fire in 1803. a temporary wooden palace was constructed in Strelna. On ascending the throne in 1741. in Peterhof and Tsarskoye Selo. After Le Blond's death. Strelna was granted to Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich (second son of Paul I) and his wife Grand Duchess Anna Feodorovna (aunt of Queen Victoria). but next year it became apparent that the place was ill-adapted for installation of fountains. so Peter decided to concentrate his attention on the nearby Peterhof.were laid out to Le Blond's design. but the master's death prevented him from completing a more elaborate project for the palace. the Constantine Palace was completed by 1807.

After the ravages of German occupation. whileMikhail Shemyakin's modernist sculpture of Peter's family strolling through the garden may be found closer to the sea shore. Petersburg. June 2008 In preparation for the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the founding St. Some Decima Flottiglia MAS men and attack boats were brought from Italy and based at Strelna.Constantine Palace after renovation during the 300th anniversary of Saint Petersburg After 1917 the palace fell into decay: it was handed over to a child labour commune. the Russian government decided to restore the palace and its grounds as a state conference center . complete with a water-bound pavilion by the sea shore. No effective restoration had been undertaken until 2001 whenVladimir Putin ordered the palace to be converted into a presidential residence in St. only the palace walls were left standing. originally installed in 1911 in Riga. Petersburg. Several rooms in the restored palace are dedicated to the poet Konstantin Romanov (who was born there). Soviet commando frogmen attacked that base and destroyed those boats[citation needed]. Recreated neoclassical interiors housed the CIS Summit. For a period duringWorld War II the Germans occupied Strelna and had a naval base there. The park with canals. then to a secondary school. all interior decoration was gone. fountains and drawbridges was then recreated to Le Blond's original designs. In front of the palace are the equestrian statue of Peter the Great.

Federal State Statistics Service. Mikhailovka. The neoclassical Mikhailovka palace once belonged to the Mikhailovichi branch of the family. The Constantine Palace. 2012. The early 19th-century stables were reconstructed into a four-star hotel for other visitors. Sergius. See also ■ List of Baroque residences References ● ^ "Всероссийск я перепись н селения 2010 год . Other landmarks In the vicinity of the Constantine Palace several other Romanov residences may be seen. districts. the world leaders were accommodated in eighteen luxurious cottages by the sea-side. ^ "Численность н селения России. субъектов Российской Федер ции в сост ве федер льных округов. urban localities. The 2013 G20 summit was held at the palace 5-6 September 2013. the Trinity Monastery. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). During these summits. Three years later. The monastery is noted as a burial place of the Zubov brothers and other Russian nobles. 2004. with numerous churches by Luigi Rusca.and presidential residence. and Znamenka are parts of the World Heritage Site Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments. its federal districts. The renovated Constantine Palace hosted more than fifty heads of state during St. Other landmarks in Strelna include a dacha of Mathilde Kschessinska and the ruined Maritime Monastery of St. Petersburg tercentenary celebrations in 2003. vol. it hosted the 32nd G8 summit. сельских н селённых пунктов – р йонных центров и сельских н селённых пунктов с н селением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia. 2011. Federal State Statistics Service. used to be a home to the Nikolaevichi branch of the Romanovs. Retrieved February 9. 2012. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 AllRussia Population Census) (in Russian). 1]. ● External links . rural localities—administrative centers. federal subjects. The baroque Znamenka. May 21. and rural localities with population of over 3. городских поселений. Each of the cottages is named after a historic Russian town. in July 2006 (July 15–17). The imperial chancellor Alexander Gorchakov was interred here in 1883. Retrieved June 29.000]. р йонов. designed byRastrelli.

php?title=Strelna&oldid=572153354" Categories: ● Municipal settlements under jurisdiction of Saint Petersburg ● Strelna ● Palaces in Saint Petersburg ● Royal residences in Russia ● Official residences in Russia ● Presidential palaces ● Baroque architecture in Russia ● World Heritage Sites in Russia ● Populated coastal places in Russia ● Andrey Voronikhin buildings ■ This page was last modified on 9 September 2013 at 06:06. Queen Victoria From Wikipedia. ■ Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. additional terms may apply. a non-profit organization.. By using this site. Inc.■ Strelna in Encyclopaedia of St. ■ ■ Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.wikipedia. Petersburg ■ Official website of the Constantine Palace ■ Views of Strelna I ■ Views of Strelna II ■ Views of Strelna III ■ Views of Strelna IV ■ Inside the palace I ■ Inside the palace II Retrieved from "http://en. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. the free encyclopedia Victoria .org/w/index.

1882 Queen of the United Kingdom Reign 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901 Coronation 28 June 1838 Predecessor William IV Successor Edward VII .Victoria wearing her small diamond crown Photograph by Alexander Bassano.

Princess Christian of SchleswigHolstein Princess Louise. Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Helena.Prime Ministers See list Empress of India Reign 1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901 Imperial Durbar 1 January 1877 Successor Edward VII Viceroys See list Spouse Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Detail Issue ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Victoria. Duke of Albany Beatrice. Duchess of Argyll Prince Arthur. Duke of Connaught Prince Leopold. German Empress Edward VII Princess Alice. Princess Royal. Princess Henry of Battenberg Full name . Grand Duchess of Hesse Alfred.

24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. She inherited the throne at the age of 18. Duke of Kent and Strathearn. and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy. she used the additional title of Empress of India. Isle of Wight Burial 4 February 1901 Frogmore. . From 1 May 1876. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820. the fourth son of King George III. after her father's three elder brothers had all died leaving no legitimate. in which the Sovereign held relatively little direct political power.Alexandrina Victoria House House of Hanover Father Prince Edward. Windsor Signature Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria. London Died 22 January 1901 (aged 81) Osborne House. surviving children. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward. Duke of Kent and Strathearn Mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-CoburgSaalfeld Born 24 May 1819 Kensington Palace.

Edward VII. and arms ■ 10. Victoria married her first cousin. tying them together and earning her the nickname "the grandmother of Europe". belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.1 Titles and styles ■ 10. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. As a result of her seclusion. and was identified with strict standards of personal morality. the line of his father.3 Death and succession 9 Legacy 10 Titles. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration. Her son and successor. her popularity recovered. is known as the Victorian era. political.2 Diamond Jubilee ■ 8. scientific.2 Published primary sources 14 Further reading 15 External links ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. Their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent. Contents ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 1 Birth and family 2 Heiress presumptive 3 Early reign 4 Marriage 5 1842–1860 6 Widowhood 7 Empress of India 8 Later years ■ 8. in 1840. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Publicly. and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. cultural. but in the latter half of her reign.2 Arms 11 Issue 12 Ancestry 13 Notes and references ■ 13. It was a period of industrial.1 Bibliography ■ 13. she became a national icon.1 Golden Jubilee ■ 8. and military change within the United Kingdom. After Albert's death in 1861. styles. republicanism temporarily gained strength. Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Her reign of 63 years and seven months.Privately. which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history.

Edward's niece. Princess Charlotte of Wales.George III. Until 1817. Duke of Kent and Strathearn. In 1818. he married Princess Victoria of Saxe-CoburgSaalfeld. the fourth son of the reigning King of the United Kingdom. 1823 Victoria's father was Prince Edward. was the only legitimate grandchild of George III.Birth and family Victoria. a widowed German princess who already had two children—Carl (1804–1856) and . aged four Painting by Stephen Poyntz Denning. Her death in 1817 precipitated a succession crisis in the United Kingdom that brought pressure on the Duke of Kent and his unmarried brothers to marry and have children.