IS t 9142 - 1979

lndian Standard

( Reaffirmed 1997 )

SPEClFICATION FOR ARTIFICIAL LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS ( First Reprint OCTOBER 1990 )

UDC

666.972.125:693.54

0

Copyright

1979
STANDARDS
SHAH ZAFAR MARG

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
9

INDIAN
BAHADUR

BHAVAN.

NEW DELHI 1loooZ Cr 2 August

1979

1s t ‘9112- 1979

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR ARTIFICIAL LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS
Cement
Chairman Da H. C. VI~V~EVARAYA Cement Research

and

Concrete

Sectional

Committee,

BDC

2

R@r#srntin#
Institute of Indii, New Delhi

MIlnkTS
ADDITIONAL DIRECTOII, DAWDS ( B & s )
DEPUTY DIRECTOR, ( B & s J (

STAN- Research, Detignr & Standarda Organiaation ( Ministry of Railway8 ), Lucknow
STAN-

SRRI

.Hindunan Prefab Ltd, New Delhi XC.C. AO~ARW~L SHRXC. L; KASJ.lWAL ( Al&m& ) Larsen 6s Toubro Ltd, Bombay SERI K. P. BANE~JEP. SEUI HAHMIS N. MALANZ ( Alternuts I SHBI R. N. BANEAL Ben8 Designs Organiaation, Nangal Towmhip SHRI T. C. GARO ( Ahmote ) Struc;;~.wknginecring Research- Centre ( CSIR Da N. S: BEAL
SEBI R. V_ CHALAPATHI RAO !&in1 S. ROY ( Alwnnlr )
EXEOUTIVE

DARDLI

&frfXUt# )

),

Geological &rvey of India, Calcutu
Central Public Workr Department, New Delhi of Punjab,

CRIEI ENOINEER ( DESIONS 1
CHw,l’ k~~;iz,lz%iyt~

ENIXNE~B

) Irrigation Department, Chadigarh

Government

Dmmxoa, IPRI ( Altrmatc ) Central Water Commission, New Delhi Drancrron ( CSMRS ) DEPUTY Drnnc~o~ ( CSMRS ) ( Ahtub ) National. Test House, Calcutta SHU AYITAFMA Lhoea SERI E. K. RAMACEANDRAN ( Altcmotr ) Cent;raw &oaf Ruearch Institute Da R. K. Gnoan SIIRI Y. R. POLL ( Altwnet~ I) SHRI M. DINAKARAN ( Al&mate II )

( CSIR ),

DR R. K. Gaosu SERI P. G.

Indian

Roads Congresr,

New Delhi

SHRI B. R. GOVIND
JAW (

PnginN~;i&n-iief’s Altmrafe )

Branclr, Army

Headquarters,

( Continued en @## 2

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

Thil publication b rotected under the hdien f&right Act ( XIV of lW7 ) and reproduction in who P e or in part by any mum except with writteu rminbn of the publisher #ball be deemed to be an infringement of copyright un %Q the rid Act. +

IS : 9142 - 1979

Members SHRI A. K. GUPTA Da R. R. HATTIAN~ADI S~nr P. J. J~aus ( A&malt DR IQBAL ALI SEHI M. T. KANSE )

Representing Hyderabad Asbestos Hyderabad The Associated Cement Cement Companies Products Ltd, Bombay Ltd,

Engineering Research Laboratories, Hyderabad Dirrxxorate General of Supplies 8; Disposals, New Delhi M. N. Dastur ik Go ( Pvt ) Ltd, Calcutta SHRI S. R. KULKA~NI The Institurion of Engineers ( India ), Calcutta SHBI S. K. LAHA SARI B. T. UNWALLA ( AIlrrnalc ) Central Building Research Institute ( CSIR ), DR MOJ~AN RAI Roorkcc Dn S. S. REHSI ( Alfernafe j In personal capacity ( ‘ Ramnnala~a ’ 11 First SHRI K. K. NAMRIA~ Crrsccnt Park Road, Gnndhinagar, Adyar, Madras ) Natiunal Buildings Organization, New Delhi DR A. V. R. RAO SHRI K. S. SRINIVASAN ( Allarnafr ) Gammon India Ltd, Bombay SEMI T. N. S. RAO Snnr S. R. PINREIRO ( Aflcrnnic ) Cement Corporation of India Ltd, New Delhi SIIRI ARJUN RIJHSIX~~ANI SHRI K. VITHAL RaO ( Ahsolc ) Central Board of Irrigation and Power, New Delhi SE~RET.~RY DEPUTY SECRETARY (I) ( Altcrnatc ) Roads Wing ( Ministry of Shipping and Transport ) SHRIN. SEN SHRI J. R. K. PRARAD ( Alfcrna~c j The India Cements Ltd, Madras &RI K. A. SUBRAMANIAM SRRIP.S.RAMAOHANDRAN( Altg;,) Works Department, SUPERINTENDIYQ ENGINEER Government of Tamil Nndu, Madras (DESIGNS) B x E 0 u T I V E BNoINEER ( SM & R DIVKXON ) ( Altcrnatr ) Dalmia Cement ( Bharat ) Ltd, New Delhi SaRIL. SWAROOP SARI A. V. RAXANA( Allcmalr) The Concrete Association of India, Bombay SHRI B. T. UNWALLA SRBI T. M.hfENOA ( AhTnUfL) Director General, ISI ( Ex-oficio M,m&r) SHRI D. AJITI~A SIYHA, Director ( Civ Engg ) Secretary SHRI M. N. NEELAKANDAAN Assistant Director ( Civ Engg ), IS1

Concrete

Subcommittee,

BDC 2 : 2

- #
SERI C. R. ALIMCHANDANI SHRI M. C. TANDON ( A&male SHRI D. CHAKRAVARTY DEPUTY DIRECTOR, STANDARDS (B&S) ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, STANDARDS ( M/C ) ( Altrrnalr 1 Stup Consultants India Ltd, Bombay ) Engineers India Ltd, New Delhi Research, Designs and Standards Organization ( Ministry of Railways ), Lucknow

( Continued on pugr 7 )

2

IS:

9142 -1979

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR ARTIFICIAL LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS
0. 0.1 This FOREWORD

Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 22 March 1979, after the draft finalized by the Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council. 0.2 One of the methods of producing lightweight concrete is by using The essential characteristic of lightweight lightweight aggregates. aggregate is its high porosity which results in a. low apparent specific
Some lightweight aggregates occur naturally and others are gravity. manufactured. This standard specifies the requirements of artificial The lightweight aggregates covered in this lightweight aggregates. standard are used for manufacture of concrete masonry units ( set IS : 3590-1966+ ).

0.2.1 The detailed requirements of cinder aggregates which are also artificial lightweight aggregates used for manufacture of precast blocks, are given in IS : 2686-1977f. 0.3 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960:. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

1. SCOPE 1.1 This standard covers the requirements of artificial lightweight aggregates, such as foamed blast furnace slag, bloated clay aggregate, sintered fly ash aggregate and cinder aggregate intended for use in concrete masonry units in which prime consideration is lightness in mass. *Specification for load bearing lightweight concrete blocks. tspecification for cinder aggregates for USC in lime concrete ( f;rst rcoisioa ). SRules for rounding off numerical values ( rcviJrd ),

3

1s : 9142- 1979 2. GENERAL 2.1 Gcne~al
st:mdxrd

CHARACTERISTICS
lightweight aggregates covered by this

types of artificial are the following:

pr(‘p;\red by cxpancling molten blast furnace slag in 2) Aggregates lilnitcc-I amount of wntcr or if ts of stcnm, by bloating of clays and shales :~t high tempcraturc ur by sintering of fly ash; and

bj
2.2 Tll~
cc:llul;lr

Cintlcr

:\:qgrc*g:~tcs conforming shall bc inorgnnic

to Class C of IS : 2686-1977*.
predominantly of lightweight

nF<reg;itc>s ;Incl granular

comlx~sc(l, mntrrinl.

3. GRADING 3.1 The gr:ldi~~g of thr :lggrcgate, that is, its particle obtxixlccl by sicvc :Ixlalysis shall be as given in Table
TABLE 1

size 1.

distribution

as

GRADING REQUIREMFNTS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT COMBINED AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS s 1x 1.:
~‘l’:IICISSTAOKS __-_-__-( IDY h&,SS ) PASSING mm-_-A___________-_~ 1s %WeS

Sr.
No.

D,,;S,c;~.,y~u,u

r

20 inn1

I2 5 mm (4)

IO mm 4.75 mm 2.3B mm (5) (6) 85-100 O-20 5-40 65-90 (7) O-10 O-20 35-65

I.18 mm (8) 40-80 -

300

microns (1) i)
ii)

(t’) Fin? afgregalr
( 4.75 10 0 lllnl ) Coarse aggrrgnle ( 12 5 to 4’75 mm )

(3) 100

(9) IO-35 IO-25

!)O-I00

100
40-80 80.100 90.100

( 10 to 2’36 Inn, )
iii) Combinrd fine and co;ws(: aaqegate ( 10 mm to 0 )

-

100
100

4. BULK 4.1 The

DENSITY dry loose

bulk

density

of combined

aggregate

shall

not exceed

1 100 kg/m”. 4.2 Uniformity of Mass - The bulk density of successive supplies of lightweight aggregate shall not differ by more than 10 percent from that of the sample submitted for acceptance tests. ~_____
*Specification
for cinder aggregates for use in lime concrete ( first revision ).

4

IS : 9142 - 1979
5. DELETERIOUS SUBSTANCES

5.1 Lightweight aggregates. shall not contain excessive amounts of deleterious substances, as determined by the limits described in 5.1.1 to 5.1.3. 5.1.1 Organic Impurities -Lightweight aggregates, upon being subjected to the test for organic impurities, that produce a colour darker than the standard c&our shall bc rejected,’ unless it can be demonstrated that the discolouration is due to small quantities of materials not harmful to the Concrete. 5.1.2 Clay Lumps - The 2 percent by dry mass. amount of clay lumps shall not exceed

5.1.3 Loss on Ignition - LOSS on ignition of aggregates except cinder aggregates shall not exceed 4 percent by dry mass. For cinder aggregates, loss on ignition shall be as specified in IS : 2686-1977*. 6. CONCRETE MAKING PROPERTIES under test shall

6.1 Concrete specimens containing lightweight aggregate meet the requirements specified in 6.1.1 and 6.1.2.

6.1.1 Drying Shrinkage - The drying shrinkage of concrete specimens prepared and tested in accordance with 7.7 shall not exceed 0’10 percent. 6.1.2 Sulphate Content - The sulphate content of lightweight aggregate shall not be more than one percent when expressed as sulphuric anhydride ( SOS ) by mass. 7. METHODS PROPERTIES OF SAMPLING AND TEST FOR, AGGREGATE shall be done in

- The sampling of lightweight 7.1 Sampling accordance with IS : 2430-1969t. 7.2 Grading in accordance -

aggregates

Grading of sample of lightweight aggregate shall be done with the provisions given in IS : 2386 ( Part I )-19631. The aggregate requirements shall be tested in oven-dry given in 3 of IS : 2386

7.3 Bulk Density (Loose) conditions according to the ( Part III )-1963s.

*Specification for cinder aggregates for use in lime concrete ( first r&ion ). tMMcthods for sampling of aggregates for concrete. SMethods of test for aggregates for concrete: Part I Particle size and shape. $Methods of test for aggregates for concrete: Part III Specific gravity, density, voids, absorption and bulking. 5

IS : 9142 - 1979 7.4 Orangic Impurities - The aggregate with IS : 2386 ( Part II )-1963*. shall be tested in accordance shall be determined as

7.5 Clay Lumps - Clay lumps in ag@egate described in IS : 2386 ( Part II )-1963”.

7.6 Loss on Ignition - Loss on ignition of the aggregate mined by the method described in 4.2 of IS : 4032-1968t.

shall be detershall shall be be

7.7 Drying Shrinkage - The drying shrinkage of concrete determined according to the method given in IS : 3590-19662. 7.8 Sulphate Content - The sulphnte determined as specified in IS : 4032- 1968t. 8. StiJPPLIER’S CERTIFICATE content of sample

AND COST OF TESTS

8.1 The supplier shall satisfy himself that the material complies with the requirements of this standard and, if requested, shall supp!y a certificate to this effect to the purchaser. 8.2 If the purchaser requires independent tests to be made, the sample for such tests shall be taken before or immediately after delivery, according to the option of the purchaser and the tests carried out in accordance with this standard and on the written instructions of the purchaser. 8.3 The tests. supplier shall supply free of charge the material by: required for

8.4 The Cost of tests carried

out under

8.2 shall be borne

a) the supplier, if the results show that the material does not comply with this standard; and b) the purchaser, if the results show that the material complies with this standard.

*Methoda of test for aggregates for concrete : Part 11 mterials and organic impurities. iMethod of chemical analysis of hydraulic cement. *Specification for load bearing lightweight concrete blocks.

Estimation of deleterious

6

IS : 9142 - 1979
( Continued /Torn page 2 ) Members DIRECTOR
( C & MDD ) DIRECTOR DEPUTY ( C & MDD ) ( nlfcma!c ) SHRI V. K. GHANEKAX DIRFXTOR

Rcprcsenting Engineering Research Laboratories, Hyderabad Central Water Commission, New Delhi Stru;~ct~e~ginccring Research Centrc ( CSIR ),

SRRI A. S. J?~w-~nn

RAO ( Altrrnatr )
Central

Road Research Institute ( CSIR ), New Delhi SIIRI M. R. C~ATTE,UT’:F: ( Alfernnf~ ) Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch, Army Headquarters, SRRI V. K. GUPTA New Delhi Sn~r S. V. Traarm ( Allernafc ) Associated Consulting Services, Bombay SRRI .J. S. HINO~RANI 5%~ A. P. RICMEIUOS ( Alternafc 3 The Associated Cement Companies Ltd. Bombay SHRI P. .I. .lAWY SH&; G. R. VIXAYAKA ( Alfcrnatc ) . National Buildings Organization, New Delhi SHRI G. C. MATHUN SIIRI G. T. BHII)& ( Altcrnatc ) In personal capacity ( ’ Ramanalqa ’ II First SHRI K. K. NAMRIAK Crescent Patk Road, Gandhinagar Adyar, Madras ) Roads Wing ( Ministry of Shipping and Transport ) SIXRI N. S. RAMAS~VA~IY SHRI R. 1’. SIKICA ( Alternate ) Gammon India Ltd, Bombay Ssinr T. N. S. RAO SHRI S. R. PINHKIRO ( A&rrnala ) Public Works and Xousing Department, Bombay SHRI M. P. GAJAPATHY RAU Central Public Works Department, New Delhi SUPERINTENDINQ B~olnE~ll, DELHI CENTRAL CIRCLE No. 2 SHnI S. G. VAIDYA ( A[tCrn&C) Central Building Research Institute ( CSIR ), DR C. A, TAN~JA Roorkcc SBRI B. S. GUPTA ( Afternate ) The Concrete Association of India, Bombay Sam B. T. UNWALLA SHHI T. M. M~NON ( Alternate ) Cement Research Institute of India, New Delhi DR H. C. VISVESVARAYA Dk A. K. MULLICK ( Alfcrnatr ) Da R. K,
GHOSII

7

BUREAU
Headquarters:

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones: 331 01 31, 331 13 75 Telegrams: Manaksanstha ( Common to all Offices) Regional Offices: Telephone Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, 331 01 31 NEW DELHI 110002 I 331 1375 *Eastern : l/14 C. I. T. Scheme VII M, V. I, P. Road, 36 24 99 Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054 Northern : SC0 445-446, Sector 35-C, 2 18 43 CHANDIGARH 160036 I 3 16 41 41 24 42 Southern : C. I. T. Campus, MADRAS 600113 41 25 19 I 41 2916 tWestern : Manakalaya, E9 MIDC, Marol, Andheri ( East ), 6 32 92 95 BOMBAY 400093 Branch Offices: ‘Pushpak’. Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg, Khanpur, 2 63 48 AHMADABAD 380001 I 2 63 49 $Peenya Industrial Area 1st Stage, Bangalore Tumkur Road 38 49 55 BANGALORE 560058 38 49 56 I Gangotri Complex, 5th Floor. Bhadbhada Road, T. T. Nagar, 667 16 BHOPAL 462003 Plot No. 82/83. Lewis Road, BHUBANESHWAR 751002 6 36 27 53/S Ward No. 29, R.G. Barua Road, 5th Byelana, 3 31 77 GUWAHATI 781003 6-B-56C L. N. Gupta Marg ( Nampally Station Road ), 23 1083 HYDERABAD 600001 6 34 71 R14 Yudhister Marg, C Scheme, JAIPUR 302005 { 6 98 32 21 68 76 1171418 8 Sarvodaya Nagar, KANPUR 288006 I 21 82 92 Patliputra Industrial Estate, PATNA 800013 6 23 05 T.C. No. 14/l 421. University P.O.. Palayam /6 21 04 TRIVANDRUM 695035 16 21 17 lnspecrion Offices ( With Sale Point ): Pushpanjali, First Floor, 205-A West High Court Road, 2 51 71 Shankar Nagar Square, NAGPUR 440010 Institution of Engineers ( India ) Building, 1332 Shivaji Nagar, 5 24 35 PUNE 411006 -~~
%ales Office in Calcutta is at 6 Chowringhre Approach, P. 0. Princep 27 66 00 Strwt. Calcutta 700072 tSalrs Office in Bombay Is at Novelty Chambers. Grant Road, 89 66 26 Bombay 400007 #Sales Office in Bangalore is at Unity Building, Narasimharaja Square, 22 36 71 Bsngalora 560002

Reprography

Unit,

BIS,

New Delhi,

India

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