Jan.

2, 1962

M. HYAMS
SPRAY PICKLING PROCESSES FOR THE SURFACE TREATMENT OF METAL Filed Dec. 50, 1952

3,015,588

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the article being treated may be rotated about a horizontal axis whilst par producing means fed by the pump. superatmospheric temperature of an aqueous acidplckhng According to the present invention a process of treat Filed Dec. 134—36) treated becomes immersed in the bath during the rotation. and the said processes as used conventionally have a number 50 through which the metal surface undergoing treatment of serious disadvantages which in many cases have pre has passed or is about to pass. tially immersed in a bath of the treating liquid. or by using a combination of spray application and immer sion application. The above factors have meant in practice that conven tional spray processes of the type referred to have not operated with the sprays at a temperature substantially Mentagu Hyams. assignor. 31.000 Claims priority. This increased temperature and Water vapor with an aqueous acidic surface cleaning solution.588 SPRAY PICKLING PRdCESSES FOR THE SURFACE TREATMENT OF METAL 1 C6 3. 1951 1 Claim. The present invention will now be illustrated by the ess. it is particu pheric temperature. and at the same time sprayed with treating liquid withdrawn from the bath through a spray producing member. when the spray treatment is carried out in area is disproportionately high compared with the volume a spray chamber. This content of the exit gases is extracted from that portion of solution is maintained whilst in reservoir 21 at a tem perature of around 160° F.liquid. 1062 2 spray producing means is fed may be at a lower tem perature than the spray impinging upon the surface under going treatment. 2. at temperature in excess of about 200° F. the surface cleaning liquid undergoes increase in temperature when passing as spray from the spray producing means to the of conventional design. An outstanding advantage of a spray process over an immersion process is undoubtedly mercially acceptable than spray processes for the surface surface being treated. by mesne assignments. (Cl. Ser. is introduced through the steam spray pipes 33 so that a mixture of liquid and treating solution lying idle in a reservoir from which the uncondensed steam striking the surface of an aluminium . the reservoir 21 is charged content. in particular a pickling process involving ing. temperature and a very substantially higher water vapor 60 Referring to the drawing.015.. in which second cham Spray treating processes of the type to which the in vention relates are customarily carried out in a spray and heat the vapors and gases to the degree necessary‘ the treating liquid actively engaged in the cleaning proc chamber. It is a further object of this in vention to provide a spray treating process of the type referred to in which the spray may be made to impinge 10 upon the surface undergoing treatment at a temperature The invention relates to a process for cleaning the substantially in excess of 170° F.. mersed therein in a satisfactory manner. a corporation of Delaware liquid capable of dissolving metal oxide from said metal ing the surface of metal by the chemical action thereon surface.s. England. No. and in particular at a surface of metal by the chemical action on said metal. or a succession of processes. This heat-exchange ?uid may be aqueous surface treating liquid ?owing on its way to the spray producing means. 15 at superatmospheric temperature of an aqueous surface It is known to treat the surface of a metal article with cleaning liquid applied as spray from spray producing an aqueous acid pickling liquid by the so-called immer means as rapidly moving spray on to said surface com sion process in which process the surface undergoing prises contacting the said spray whilst moving towards treatment is wholly immersed in a bath of the treating said surface with heated material the temperature of liquid. and maintained at superatmos that actively engaged in the treating process. Patent 0‘ 1 3 015. the spray therein by condensation upon the surface of said ‘spray. to Amchem Products. 1952. for example at some point between a pump and the spray a great acceleration in the rate of the chemical action of the treating solution on the surface undergoing treatment. with the result that the bulk of the treating solution lying idle in the reservoir from which the spray producing means is fed is at a substantially heating coil 22—-23. In a preferred form of the invention. Steam at 30 p. with the aid of steam for efficient heat-exchange or condensation. namely the spray. London. through compression means into heat-exchange means wherein the vapors give up substantially all their latent heat of vaporization to a heat-exchange ?uid. 30. or may be passed to a second chamber.United States. com municating with the ?rst chamber.g.i. and particularly Since water vapor leaving the spray treating zone of a in the case of box-shaped articles such as refrigerator 30 process according to the present invention is preferably cabinets and automobile bodies. to recover the latent heat present in of liquid in the reservoir of an equivalent spray process 35 said water vapor by extracting vapors and gases from said chamber. Ambler. In the latter case. tively low temperature and low water vapor content. and is continuously withdrawn through pipes 24 and 25 by means of centrifugal pump 36 through the inside of the tubular heat-exchanger 26 into spray pipes 27. vented the wider application of such processes. the gases entering the chamber having a rela~ following example. and The drawing is an outside elevation. and in many cases it only becomes possible to operate a process. the gases leaving the chamber having a somewhat higher of a spray cleaning apparatus utilizing my invention. the volume of liquid bath derived mainly through evaporation of liquid other than which must be provided. Inc. It is an plete turnover of the solution in reservoir 21 every 10 object of the present invention to provide a spray treat ing process of the type referred to in which the bulk of 70 minutes. Although spray processes of the type to which the in vention relates are in many cases highly advantageous. and in The compression means may be a conventional axial certain cases have made it impossible to use such proc or radial ?ow blower of capacity su?icient to compress esses on an industrial scale. 330. which is higher than that of the spray and is in excess of 180° F. Pa. application Great Britain Dec. in continuous man ner by using spray application of the treating liquid.588 Patented Jan. treatment of metal by the chemical action thereon at 25 The process of treating the surface of metal may be a superatmospheric temperature of aqueous surface treat pickling process. partly exploded. at a rate such that there is a com higher temperature than the relatively small portion of solution actually engaged in the cleaning process. The vapors and gases extracted from the spray cham ber through the compression means 31 may be returned by a conduit 32A to said chamber to supply heat to ber the vapors are condensed upon spray in another process operating in accordance with the invention. The liquid bath in an immersion process must the dissolution from the metal surface of metal oxide such be large enough for the article being treated to be im as rust. or is partly immersed in said bath and rotated in such manner that every portion of the surface to be Immersion processes are for many reasons less com in excess of 170° F. for a load of work of given surface larly desirable.

..532.789 1.981 1. 28. . 10. vapors and gases being extracted during the proc ess from said chamber through compression means and then returned to said chamber to supply heat to said continuously withdrawn from the processing chamber through pipes 28 and 29 into a Roots type blower 31 wherein they are compressed and heated to some 10 spray by condensation upon the surface of said spray.330. 5... 1923 Vollrath _____________ _.655 Olsson ______________ .486 15 2.462 2. and passed through the outside of exchanger 26 countercurrent to the solution entering from pipe 25. 1943 AL. 10 I claim: Process of cleaning the surface of metal in a spray chamber by the chemical action on said metal at super Reynolds ____________ __ May 24. 1926 1. 31.451. Apr. __ Oct.602.8. 1922 atmospheric temperature of an aqueous acid pickling liquid capable of dissolving metal oxide from said metal surface. upon said spray whilst the spray is moving towards the said sur 1.588 3 workpiece introduced at 34 and removed at 35 has an e?ective temperature of 200° F..371 783. 7.434. Vapors and air are 4 face.065.324.. 22. 1943 Zucker ______________ ...629. 1925 Davis ______ --'__ .189 Heller _______________ __ Apr.868 1.i. not shown. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 103.496 Dougherty ___________ __ May 24.011 p. condensed liquid and air being vented at 32 to a warm water rinse tank.023._ Sept.804 2.015._ Dec. 1870 Jarratt ______________ __ Feb.g. which comprises applying said aqueous acid pickling liquid from spray producing means as rapidly moving spray on to said surface and condensing steam having a temperature in excess of 180° F. 1905 Hinckley ____________ __ Oct. 17.s. 28. 1936 Van Gelderen _______ __ July 20. 1935 2. 1927 Todd _' ______________ __ Dec.

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